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TOPIC

1. Place / Venue/ Location

2. Society

3. Price / Fee / Fare / Rent

4. Free gift / Discount / Offer /


Souvenir

5. Food / Drinks / Menu / Dishes /


Meal

6. Transport

7. Facility

8. Date / Time / Duration

9. Colour / Fashion / Pattern / Design

10. Occupation

11. Pen-pal

REASONS
I can go there easily.
It is near my house.
I can go there at anytime.
It is a nice / beautiful place.
It is very enjoyable.
It is very useful and has a lot of benefits.
I can gain more knowledge.
I can improve my vocabulary.
I can widen my knowledge.
I shall be more confident of myself.
I can get a lot of new friends.
I can do something beneficial during my free time.
I shall be able to know more about new things.
It gives me a pleasant feeling.
It teaches me to independent / confident.
My parents always encourage me.
It is reasonable and affordable.
I can save my money for other expenses.
It is a reasonable price and I think I can afford it.
It is also worth buying.
The price is low and reasonable.
I can afford to pay for it / buy it.
It is cheaper than the others.
It is attractive offer.
I can save my pocket money.
I do not have to buy it anymore.
I dont have to spend more.
It is delicious and appetizing.
It is nutritious, tasty and appetizing.
It is my favourite food / drinks.
It is good for my health.
It is comfortable / convenient.
I can relax myself during a journey.
It is an economical way of travelling.
It is suitable for a long journey.
It is fast and I wont feel bored.
I can enjoy watching the beautiful scenery along the
journey.
I can enjoy them.
I can use them.
It is comfortable and convenient.
I am free at that time.
It takes a shorter / longer time to finish it.
I would not feel bored.
The time is enough for me to spend it there.
It is beautiful / attractive / eye-catching.
It is my favourite colour / design.
It suits me.
It is the latest fashion / pattern / design.
I can earn money for living.
It teaches me to be responsible / independent.
I will commit to my job.
I can support my family / parents.
We can exchange ideas.
We can share the same hobby / ideas / interest.
I can learn many new things from her / him.
I shall be able to know more about his / her country.
I have a chance to visit him / her country one day.

12. Pets

It is cute.
It is easy to look after / to take care / to manage.
It is easy to feed.
I can play with it.
It can be a great company to me.
It can help to look after the house.

13. Material

It is cool and comfortable.


It is long-lasting.
It is worth it to buy.
I can wear it for a long time.

14. Finally / Lastly

I am sure I have made the best choice.


Definitely, my choice is right.
I hope my father / mother / brother / sister will like my choice
and appreciate it.

Posted by ZULKIFLI BASHEER at 6:43 AM

PANDUAN MENJAWAB BAHASA INGGERIS KERTAS 2


SECTION A
-

Anda dikehendaki menulis lima ayat sahaja

Bentuk ayat : Subject + verb + object

Contoh : Aziz is cleaning the window. (Markah 1m 7m)

Subject + verb

Contoh : Aziz is cleaning. (Markah 1m 6m)

Subject + adjectives.

Contoh : Aziz is handsome. (Markah 1m 4m)

Subject + verb + adjective + object + adverb. (Markah 1m -10m)

Contoh ayat : Aziz is cleaning the dirty window carefully.

Untuk menjawab bahagian ini kamu perlu mengetahui verb (kata perbuatan) kerana anda akan membina ayat
berdasarkan perbuatan yang terdapat dalam gambar.

Kesimpulannya untuk membina ayat dalam bahagian ini anda perlu guna elemen-elemen berikut :
a)

Subject : names of people (Aziz, Si Tompok, Uncle John) dan nouns (The boy, The cat, My father)

b)

Verb : is playing, are sweeping, is reading, are listening, is watching, are jogging, is relaxing)

c)

Object : places ( in the kitchen, near the sofa, on the table) , things ( a book, with a ball, in the wok)

d)

Adjectives (Kata Sifat) : active, beautiful, handsome, cute, fat, thin, tall,

- untuk subject

dirty, clean, wet, colourful, dusty, smooth, slippery - untuk object


e)

Adverb : untuk menerangkan cara perbuatan dilakukan. Contoh : happily, carefully, politely, sweetly,
gracefully.

Ayat anda mestilah berada dalam masa Present Continous Tense iaitu : SUBJECT + is/are/am + ing. Contoh :
The boy is wiping the blackboard.

Jangan mulakan ayat anda dalam masa Past Tense : Contoh : Samad bought a book yesterday

Future Tense : Contoh : Samad will buy the book tomorrow.

Jangan nyatakan bilangan orang dalam gambar : Contoh : There are five people in the picture. (AYAT LEMAH)

Tuliskan ayat yang menerangkan apa yang anda lihat di gambar sahaja.

Anda diberi masa 15 minit sahaja untuk menjawab bahagian ini.

SECTION B
-

Anda dikehendaki menjawab 2 (a) : iaitu isi 10 tempat kosong


2(b) : pilih tajuk dan beri sebab

Perkara perkara yang perlu diberi perhatian semasa mernjawab bahagian 2(a) :

a)

Isi jawapan berdasarkan petikan

b)

Check ejaan termasuklah huruf besar dan huruf kecil

c)

Jangan tertinggal atau tertambah huruf.

d)

Pastikan anda tulis jawapan di kotak yang betul.

e)

Tulis maklumat yang dikehendaki sahaja.

f)

Tulis maklumat dengan lengkap.

g)

Tolong periksa sama ada anda sudah tulis kesemua 10 jawapan.

h)

Pastikan tanda RM ditulis dengan betul.

Bahagian 2 (b)
-

Baca arahan dulu kerana pilihan untuk siapa dinyatakan di sini

Biasanya pilihan dinyatakan untuk diri sendiri, friends atau family.

Contoh : a) I would choose/buy Bag B because it is my favourite bag.


b) I would choose RorineWallet because my father loves this brand
c) I would choose key chain because I know what my friend likes.
Biasanya anda akan membuat pilihan berdasarkan item-item berikut :

a)

Price / Cost : The price is reasonable and I have enough pocket money

b)

Free item : If I buy this bag, I will get free..

c)

Place / Venue : The place is not far from my house. It is within walking distance.

d)

Available :i) I can go there at anytimde.


ii) It is stone throw from my house.

e)

Made in : It is made in a popular country

f)

Made of : It is made of high quality product.

g)

Dessert : The dessert is mouth watering.

h)

Shape : It has an attractive shape.

i)

Design : The design is remarkable and captivating

j)

Duration / Time : The date and time are just perfect for me as I am free.

k)

Accomodation : The place is very comfortable and cool.

l)

Activity : The activity is challenging and mind blowing.

m)

Thing you need : I am sure I already have all the equipments needed.

n)

Discount / Offer: If I buy this bag, I can buy at low price.

o)

Benefits : I am sure if I made this choice, I will learn many good things.

Anda diberi masa 25 minit sahaja untuk menjawab bahagian ini.

SECTION C
-

Menulis karangan berdasarkan 3 atau 4 gambar

Baca arahan dulu untuk mengenalpasti siapa yang terlibat atau tema cerita tersebut

Beri perhatian dan telti kesemua gambar bagi mendapat maklumat-maklumat berikut :

a)

Subject names and pronouns

b)

Tema cerita : Kejadian, Peristiwa, Proses atau Fakta

c)

Time Frame (Rangka Masa) : Present Tense atau Past Tense

Kemudian lihat pada keywords (perkataan-perkataan di bawah gambar) untuk mendapat maklumat-maklumat
berikut :

a)

Subject

b)

Verbs

c)

Nouns

d)

Adjectives

Verbs memainkan peranan penting dalam pembentukan ayat. Jika kebanyakan verbs dalam bentuk past tense,
contohnya : went, jumped, played, was, did dan sebagainya maka keseluruhan cerita dalam masa past tense
diikuti dengan rangka masa past tense, contohnya last week, yesterday, during the school holidays, Jika masa
diberi , calon tak perlu tambah yang lain.

Calon perlu mengenalpasti subject yang terlibat kerana ia akan mempunyai hubungkait dengan pronouns yang
hendak diguna, contohnya : Ali He, Siti She, The cat It, Ali and his friend They, My family and I We.
Calon juga perlu memahami nouns, adjectives atau adverb yang ada dalam keywords kerana sekiranya calon
tidak faham maka calon tidak akan dapat membina ayat dengan sempurna.

Cara menulis karangan :

a)

Pengenalan : 1 hingga 2 ayat cukup.

b)

Isi cerita

c)

Penutup

PENGENALAN : Ayat dalam present tense, contoh : Siti and Aminah are good friends and neighbours. They
always play games and revise their lessons together.
ISI CERITA : Ayat dalam past tense bermula dengan masa past tense, contoh : One Saturday evening, Siti went
to Aminahs house to play congkak as it is their hobby. While playing they heard a bell ringing outside the
house.
PENUTUP : From this story, it is learnt that Siti is a kind hearted girl.
SEBUAH KARANGAN YANG LENGKAP ATAU CEMERLANG
a)
Calon memahami dan menulis karangan bertepatan dengan gambar
b)
Calon mengguna struktur ayat dengan betul. Grammatically correct
c)
Calon mengguna vocabulary yang sesuai.
d)
Tiada kesilapan tatabahasa.
e)
Calon banyak menambah idea sendiri sesuai dengan gambar.
f)
Calon berupaya menambah perumpamaan atau simpulan bahasa yang sesuai.
g)
Ada nilai moral yang sesuai.

CONTOH KESILAPAN AYAT CALON UPSR


1)
I and my uncle visited the orchard last week. X
My uncle and I visited the orchard last week. /
2)
Abu was went to school just now. X
Abu went to school just now. /
3)
He waited for see you. X
He waited to see you. /
4)
The boys was playing at the field. X
The boys were playing at the field. /
5)
Jamal did not bought the book yesterday. X
Jamal did not buy the book yesterday. /
6)
She could not went to the market yesterday. X
She could not go to the market yesterday. /
7)
Than, it became a caterpillar. X
Then, it became a caterpillar. /
8)
There were many peoples at the night market.. X
There were many people at the night market. /
9)
Jamal and her wife went to restaurant. X
Jamal and his wife went to the restaurant. /
10) There was a few child in the canteen. X
There were a few children in the canteen. /

11)

Mary went saw her cousin. X


Mary went to see her cousin. /
12) The coffee are hot.X
The coffee is hot. /
Posted by ZULKIFLI BASHEER at 11:37 PM