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Landlord(&(Tenant((1)

comprises(one(single(unbroken
term(which,(un2l(and(unless
duly(determined,(perpetually
elongates(itself(by(the(addi2on
of(a(new(fresh(unit(or(period:
Centaploy(Ltd(v(Matlodge(Ltd
Hammersmith(&
Fulham(LBC(v(Monk:(a
periodic(tenancy(is
founded(on(the
con2nuing(will(of(both
the(landlord(and(tenant
that(the(tenancy(shall
persist(and(by(declining
to(give(no2ce(to(quit
periodic(tenancymay(be
terminated(by(giving(of(no2ce(or
by(an(euxion(of(2me:(BarreG(v
Morgan

no(valid(agreement(for(a(lease
if(it(commences(at(some
unspecied(future(date.(This
means(there(is(no(concluded
contract:(Harvey(v(PraG

Prepared by:
Santhi Latha
Email:
slnb66@gmail.com

can(be(created(expressly,
impliedly(or(inferred(from
conduct,(most(commonly
by(the(periodic(payment
of(rent:(Javad(v
Mohammaed(Aqil

The(essen2al(elements(of(a(lease:((a)(certainty(of(dura2on;
(b)(rent;(and((c)(exclusive(possession

the(power(to(exclude(all(others(from(the(land,
including(the(landlord:(Street(v(Mounaord.(This
is(seen(as(follows:

Rent
Certainty(of(dura2on(

Periodic(Tenancies

Pruden2al(Assurance(Co
Ltd(v(London(Residuary
Body:(certainty(of
dura2on(requirement
applies(to(periodic
tenancies

The(lease(must(have(a
certain(beginning(and
a(certain(end:
Pruden2al(Assurance
Co(Ltd(v(London
Residuary(Body

Rent(is(the(considera2on
the(tenant(agrees(to(pay
(as(part(of(his(contract)(in
return(for(his(con2nuing
right(of(exclusive
possession.(Rent(usually
takes(the(form(of
monetary(compensa2on

Certainty(of(maximum(dura2on
Certainty(of(commencement

it(is(possible(to
have(a(tenancy
without(rent:
Ashburn(Anstalt(v
Arnold

Excep2ons(to(the(certainty(rule
Where(the(maximum
dura2on(is(not(certain(or
ascertainable,(such(a
lease(is(void:(Lace(v
Chantler
the(commencement(date(may(be
postponed.(This(is(known(as(a
reversionary(lease(and(if(it(takes(eect
more(than(21(years(aQer(the(date(of(the
tenancy(agreement,(then(the(lease(will
become(void:(sec2on(149(3)(LPA(1925.

A(lease(for(life(or
un2l(marriage:
automa2cally
converted(into(a(90
year(term:(sec2on
149(6)(LPA(1925

Pruden2al(Assurance(Co(Ltd
v(London(Residuary(Body:
the(same(rule(applies(to
periodic(tenancies

Exclusive(Possession

the(claimant(is(an
adverse(possessor:
Hunter(v(Canary
Wharf(Ltd

where(there
is(any
reserved(right
of(access(by
the(landlord
over(the(land:
Westminster
CC(v(Clarke

counter(argument:((a)(the
absence(of(rent(payment
points(to(the(existence(of(a
mere(licence:(Manchester
Airport(plc(v(DuGon;(or((b)
indicates(the(lack(of(any
inten2on(to(create(a
landlordHtenant
rela2onship:(Vesely(v(Levy

Perpetually(renewable(leases:
automa2cally(converted(into(a(term(of
2000(years(determinable(only(by(the
lessee:(sec2on(145(LPA(1922:(Caerphilly
Concrete(Products(Ltd(v(Owen

There(may(be
no(exclusive
possession
where:

where(there(is
possession(of(keys
by(the(landlord:
Aslan(v(Murphy
[No(1]

where(the(landlords
cleaners((agent)(enter
the(land(for(cleaning(at
specied(2mes:(Crancour
Ltd(v(Da(Silvaesa

the(claimant(is(a
beneciary
under(a
charitable(trust:
Gray(v(Taylor

purchaser(allowed
in(possession
before(the
comple2on(of(a
sale:(Ramnarace(v
Lutchman

the(occupiers(status
in(casually(permiGed
occupa2on(is(merely
that(of(a(licensee:
Garland(v(Johnson

occupier(who
retains(land
pending(the
exercise(of(an
op2on

there(is(no(inten2on
to(create(legal
rela2ons:(Facchini(v
Bryson