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MEL 807

Computational Heat Transfer (2-0-4)


Dr. Prabal Talukdar
Assistant Professor
Department of Mechanical Engineering
IIT Delhi

Time and Venue


Course Coordinator: Dr. Prabal Talukdar
Room No: III, 357
E-mail: prabal@mech.iitd.ac.in
Course webpage:
http://web.iitd.ac.in/~prabal/courses.html
Pre-requisite: Fluid Mechanics and Heat Transfer
Fortran or C Programming
Lectures: Tuesday & Friday, 10-11 a.m. (Room: V 315)
Lab: Tuesday: 1-5 p.m.

Syllabus

Mathematical Description of the Physical PhenomenaGoverning equationsmass, momentum, energy, species, General
form of the scalar transport equation, Elliptic, parabolic and
hyperbolic equations, Behavior of the scalar transport equation with
respect to these equation type
(2 lectures)

Discretization Methods- Methods for deriving discretization


equations-finite difference, finite volume and finite element method,
Method for solving discretization equations, Consistency, stability
and convergence
(4 lectures)

Diffusion Equation- 1D-2D steady diffusion, Source terms, nonlinearity, Boundary conditions, interface diffusion coefficient, Underrelaxation, Solution of linear equations (preliminary), Unsteady
diffusion, Explicit, Implicit and Crank-Nicolson scheme, Two
dimensional conduction, Accuracy, stability and convergence
revisited
(5 lectures)

Syllabus (contd)

Convection and Diffusion- Steady one-dimensional convection


and diffusion, Upwind, exponential, hybrid, power, QUICK scheme,
Two-dimensional convection-diffusion, Accuracy of Upwind scheme;
false diffusion and dispersion, Boundary conditions
(6 lectures)

Flow Field Calculation- Incompressibility issues and pressurevelocity coupling, Primitive variable versus other methods, Vorticitystream function formulation, Staggered grid, SIMPLE family of
algorithms
(5 lectures)

Numerical Methods for Radiation- Radiation exchange in


enclosures composed of diffuse gray surfaces, Finite volume
method for radiation, Coupled radiation-conduction for participating
media
(3 lectures)

Projects- presentation
Total: 28 lectures, 15 labs

(3 lectures)

Grading
Evaluation:
Assignment: 50%
Minor Test I: 7.5%
Minor Test II: 7.5%
Major Test: 15%
Project: 20%
Total: 100%

Textbook: Numerical Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow: Suhas V. Patankar


Reference book:
Computational Fluid Dynamics: Jr. Anderson
Computational Fluid Mechanics and Heat Transfer: Anderson, Tanehil
and Pletcher
Computational Methods for Fluid dynamics: Ferziger and Peric

Projects: Complexity of the problem, report and presentation

CFD ?
Computational Fluid Dynamics is the use
of computers and numerical techniques to
solve problems involving fluid flow
Being its a computational heat transfer
(CHT) course, we will emphasize in heat
transfer with and without fluid flow.

Overview of the course


Finite volume method, Finite difference
method
Conduction
Diffusion-convection
Fluid flow computation
SIMPLE algorithm

Radiation

What is CFD?

Pr
o
an blem
da
na form
lys
is ulatio
n

Engineering,
Biological and
Physical Science

N
an um
Pr aly eric
og si al
ra s&
m
m
in
g

Applied
Mathematics

Visualization
& Data
Processing

Computer
Science

Applications
Aerodynamics of aircraft and vehicles: lift & drag
Turbomachinery: flows inside rotating passages,
diffusers etc.
Power plant: combustion in IC Engines and gas turbines
Fluid-structure interaction
Hydrodynamics of ships
Electrical and electronic engineering: cooling of
equipment including micro circuits
Reacting flows, Combustion
Meteorology and weather prediction
Biomedical engineering: blood flows through arteries and
veins
Impossible to solve Navier-Stokes equations analytically for
these applications!

Applications

CFD simulation of Honda

Applications

Water droplets dispersing from an Audi car

Applications

Applications

Male

CFD simulation of a
swimmer showing the
contours of Shear stress
on the swimsuit region
Female

Applications

Turbo-machinery
Application
Fluid-structure interaction

Axial inducer with CFD velocity vectors and metal stress calculation

CFD Animations
Flow past a square
cylinder

History
Earliest CFD work by L. F. Richardson (1910)
Iterative solution of Laplace equation using finite
difference method
Error estimates, extrapolate to zero error
Relaxation methods (1920s-50s)
Landmark paper by Courant, Friedrichs and Lewy for
hyperbolic equations (1928)
Von Neumann stability criteria for parabolic problems
(1950)
Harlow and Fromm (1963) computed unsteady vortex
street using a digital computer. They published a
Scientific American article (1965) which ignited interest in
modern CFD and the idea of computer experiments

History (contd)
Boundary-layer codes developed in the 1960-1970s
(GENMIX by Patankar and Spalding in 1972 for e.g.)
Solution techniques for incompressible flows published
through the 1970s (SIMPLE family of algorithms by
Patankar and Spalding for eg.)
Jameson computed Euler flow over complete aircraft
(1981)
Unstructured mesh methods developed in 1990s