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Original Title: Pipe Flow Friction Factor Calculations

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You are on page 1of 14

Tab 1. Contents (current tab)

Tab 2. Head Loss/Frictional Pressure Drop

Tab 3. Pipe Flow Rate

Tab 4. Required Diameter

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Copyright 2011 Harlan H. Bengtson. All Rights Reserved.

Calculation of Head Loss, hL, and Frictional Pressure Drop, DPf,

for given flow rate, Q, pipe diam., D, pipe length, L,

pipe roughness, e, and fluid properties, r & m.

Instructions: Enter values in blue boxes. Spreadsheet calculates values in yellow boxes

1. Determine Friction Factor, f, assuming completely turbulent flow {f = [1.14 + 2 log10(D/e)]-2}

Inputs (enter values in the blue boxes)

in

Pipe Diameter, D =

0.5000

Pipe Roughness, e =

0.0005

ft

Friction Factor, f =

0.01962

100

ft

Cross-Sect. Area, A =

0.1963

ft2

0.600

cfs

3.1

ft/sec

Fluid Density, r =

1.94

slugs/ft3

Fluid Viscosity, m =

0.0000273

lb-sec/ft2

Pipe Length, L =

Ave. Velocity, V =

Reynolds number, Re =

108,575

(Calculate f with the transition region equation and see if differs from the one calculated above.)

1/2

f = {-2*log10[((e/D)/3.7)+(2.51/(Re*(f ))]}

-2

f=

0.0221

f=

0.0220

f=

0.0220

ft

3. Calculate hL and DPf, using the final value for f calculated in step 2

Equations: hL = f(L/D)(V2/2g)

Frictional Head Loss, hL =

Frictional Pressure

Drop, DPf =

0.64

ft

40

psf

0.28

psi

Frictional Pressure

Drop, DPf =

Calculation of Fluid Flow Rate, Q, for given frictional head loss, hL, pipe

diam., D, pipe length, L, pipe roughness, e, and fluid properties, r & m.

1. Determine Friction Factor, f, assuming completely turbulent flow {f = [1.14 + 2 log10(D/e)]-2}

Inputs (enter values in the blue boxes)

Calculations

24

in

Pipe Diameter, D =

2.0000

Pipe Roughness, e =

0.0005

ft

Friction Factor, f =

0.01436

Pipe Length, L =

131.23

ft

Cross-Sect. Area, A =

3.1416

0.9

ft

0.83

Fluid Density, r =

1.94

slugs/ft3

Ave. Velocity, V =

0.3

Fluid Viscosity, m =

0.0000273

lb-sec/ft2

Reynolds number, Re =

37,549

(Calculate f with the transition region equation and see if differs from the one calculated above.)

f = {-2*log10[((e/D)/3.7)+(2.51/(Re*(f1/2))]}-2

Transition Region Friction Factor, f:

f=

0.0244

f=

0.0229

f=

0.0231

3. Calculate V and Q, using the final value for f calculated in step 2 in the Darcy Weisbach equation

1 foot / second =

Fluid Velocity, V =

6.2

ft/sec

To

1 cubic foot/second =

19.45

cfs

To

1 ft3 =

Volume , Vol =

412.271204

(m/s)

0.3048

ft

Time, T =

Drying Time

1.88666664

m / sec

(L/min)

1.699

liter / minute

33.05

(liter)

28.317

11674.2012

Liter

Minutes

353

Hours

NOTE: This is an iterative calculation, because an assumed value of Q is used to start the

calculations. If the final calculated value of Q is different from the assumed value, then the

assumed value of Q should be replaced with the calculated value of Q, leading to a new

calculated value for Q. This should be repeated as many times as necessary to get the

calculated value for Q to be the same as the assumed value. This iteration typically converges

rather rapidly.

This spreadsheet shows only the final assumed and calculated values of Q (when they are equal).

If the initial assumed value of Q was 1.5 cfs, then subsequent calculated and assumed values

for Q, leading to the final solution are as follows:

Assumed Q, cfs

Calculated Q, cfs

1.5

0.85

0.85

0.83

0.83

0.83

U.S. units)

operties, r & m.

ft

ft2

cfs

ft/sec

y are equal).

128.8

Calculation of pipe diameter, D, for given flow rate, Q, pipe length, L,

pipe roughness, e, head loss, hL, and fluid properties, r & m.

(NOTE: This is an iterative calculation. An initial assumed value of D will be used.)

Instructions: Enter values in blue boxes. Spreadsheet calculates values in yellow boxes

1. Determine Friction Factor, f, assuming completely turbulent flow {f = [1.14 + 2 log10(D/e)]-2}

Inputs

Calculations

20

ft

0.0005

ft

Pipe Diameter, D =

100

ft

Friction Factor,

0.600

cfs

Fluid Density, r =

1.94

slugs/ft3

Ave. Velocity, V =

0.000027

lb-sec/ft2

Reynolds number, Re =

Pipe Roughness, e =

Pipe Length, L =

Fluid Viscosity, m =

f=

Cross-Sect. Area, A =

in

0.3333

ft

0.02170

0.0873

ft2

6.9

ft/sec

164,672

(Calculate f with the transition region equation and see if differs from the one calculated above.)

[ f = {-2*log10[((e/D)/3.7)+(2.51/(Re*(f1/2))]}-2 ]

Transistion Region Friction Factor, f:

f=

0.0230

f=

0.0230

f=

0.0230

3. Calculate pipe diameter, D using the final value for f calculated in step 2

[ D = f(L/hL)(V2/2g) ]

Pipe Diameter, D =

0.0845

ft

1.0

in

NOTE: This iterative procedure doesn't converge smoothly to a solution. If the calculated pipe diameter

in this step is larger than the assumed pipe diameter above, then replace the assumed pipe diameter

value with the next larger standard pipe size. Repeat until you find the smallest standard pipe diameter

that gives a smaller calculated required pipe diameter. That is your solution.

With the example values given here, an assumed pipe diameter of 3 inches gives a calculated pipe

diameter requirement of 3.4 inches, increasing the assumed pipe diameter to the next standard pipe size

( 3.5 inches ) gives a calculated pipe diameter requirement of 1.8 inches, so a 3.5 inch size is the

minimum standard pipe diameter that will do the job.

1/8, 1/4, 3/8, 1/2, 3/4, 1, 1 1/4, 1 1/2, 2, 2 1/2, 3, 3 1/2, 4, 5, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18, 20, 24,

30, 42, 48, 54, 60

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