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KEYSTONE

Re f E FERENCE

GEOMETRY FORMULA SHEET PAGE 1


Formulas that you may need to solve questions on this exam are found below.
You may use calculator or the number 3.14.
Properties of Circles

Right Triangle Formulas

Angle measure is represented by x. Arc measure is represented


by m and n. Lengths are given by a, b, c, and d.

Pythagorean Theorem:

Inscribed Angle

n
x

If a right triangle has legs with


measures a and b and hypotenuse
with measure c, then...

a2 + b2 = c2

1
x= n
2

Trigonometric Ratios:
x

sin =

Tangent-Chord
n

x=

1
n
2

hypotenuse

opposite

cos =

adjacent

a
c

hypotenuse
adjacent
hypotenuse

tan =

2 Chords

opposite

opposite
adjacent

ab=cd

x=

1
(m + n)
2
Coordinate Geometry Properties

a
x
n

Tangent-Secant
b

a 2 = b (b + c)

x=

1
(m n)
2

Distance Formula:
Midpoint:
Slope:

x1 + x2
2

n x

b (a + b) = d (c + d )

x=

1
(m n)
2

(x2 x 1)2 + (y2 y 1)2

y1 + y2
2

y2 y1
m=
x2 x1

2 Secants

d=

Point-Slope Formula:

(y y 1) = m (x x 1)

Slope Intercept Formula:

y = mx + b

Standard Equation of a Line:


2 Tangents

a
m

a=b

x
b

Ax + By = C

x=

1
(m n)
2

Copyright 2011 by the Pennsylvania Department of Education. The materials contained in this publication
may be duplicated by Pennsylvania educators for local classroom use. This permission does not extend to the
duplication of materials for commercial use.

KEYSTONE

Re f E FERENCE

GEOMETRY FORMULA SHEET PAGE 2


Formulas that you may need to solve questions on this exam are found below.
You may use calculator or the number 3.14.
Plane Figure Formulas

Solid Figure Formulas

P = 4s
A=s s

l
P = 2l + 2w
A = lw

SA = 4r 2
4
V = r 3
3

r
l

P = 2a + 2b
A = bh

h
b

SA = 2r 2 + 2rh
V = r 2h

a
c

P=a+b+c+d
1
A = 2 h (a + b)

SA = r 2 + r r 2 + h 2
1
V = r 2h
3

r
c

SA = 2lw + 2lh + 2wh


V = lwh

P=b+c+d
1
A = 2bh

SA = (Area of the base) +


1 (number of sides)(b)( )
2

h
b
base

C = 2r
A = r 2

V=

1
(Area of the base)(h)
3

Eulers Formula for Polyhedra:


Sum of angle measures = 180(n 2),
where n = number of sides

VE+F=2
vertices minus edges plus faces = 2

Copyright 2011 by the Pennsylvania Department of Education. The materials contained in this publication
may be duplicated by Pennsylvania educators for local classroom use. This permission does not extend to the
duplication of materials for commercial use.