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UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS

Article 1.
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason
and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.

Article 2, Section 11 of the 1987 Philippine Constitution states that, The State values the
dignity of every human person and guarantees full respect for human rights.

Article 2.
Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without
distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion,
national or social origin, property, birth or other status. Furthermore, no distinction shall be made
on the basis of the political, jurisdictional or international status of the country or territory to
which a person belongs, whether it be independent, trust, non-self-governing or under any other
limitation of sovereignty.
Article 2 Section 5. The maintenance of peace and order, the protection of life, liberty,
and property, and promotion of the general welfare are essential for the enjoyment by all
the people of the blessings of democracy.
RA 8369 family courts act
Magna Carta for handicap.

According to Article 3, Section 5 of the 1987 Philippine Constitution, No law shall be


made respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof. The
free exercise and enjoyment of religious profession and worship, without discrimination
or preference, shall forever be allowed. No religious test shall be required for the exercise
of civil or political rights.

REPUBLIC ACT NO. 8371


AN ACT TO RECOGNIZE, PROTECT AND PROMOTE THE RIGHTS OF
INDIGENOUS CULTURAL COMMUNITIES/INDIGENOUS PEOPLE, CREATING A

NATIONAL COMMISSION OF INDIGENOUS PEOPLE, ESTABLISHING


IMPLEMENTING MECHANISMS, APPROPRIATING FUNDS THEREFOR, AND
FOR OTHER PURPOSES.
Section 1. Short Title.- This Act shall be known as "The Indigenous Peoples Rights
Act of 1997."
Sec. 2. Declaration of State Policies.- The State shall recognize and promote all the
rights of Indigenous Cultural Communities/Indigenous Peoples (ICCs/IPs) hereunder
enumerated within the framework of the Constitution:

Article 3.
Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person.

Article 3, Section 1 of the 1987 Philippine Constitution states that, No person shall be
deprived of life, liberty, or property without due process of law, nor shall any person be
denied the equal protection of the laws.

Article 4.
No one shall be held in slavery or servitude; slavery and the slave trade shall be prohibited in all
their forms.

RA 9208 Anti-Trafficking in Persons Act of 2003


Section 2.Declaration of Policy. It is hereby declared that the State values the dignity
of every human person and guarantees the respect of individual rights. In pursuit of this
policy, the State shall give highest priority to the enactment of measures and
development of programs that will promote human dignity, protect the people from any
threat of violence and exploitation, eliminate trafficking in persons, and mitigate
pressures for involuntary migration and servitude of persons, not only to support
trafficked persons but more importantly, to ensure their recovery, rehabilitation and
reintegration into the mainstream of society.
It shall be a State policy to recognize the equal rights and inherent human dignity of
women and men as enshrined in the United Nations Universal Declaration on Human
Rights, United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, United Nations
Convention on the Protection of Migrant Workers and their Families. United Nations
Convention Against Transnational Organized Crime Including its Protocol to Prevent,
Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children and all

other relevant and universally accepted human rights instruments and other
international conventions to which the Philippines is a signatory.

Article 5.
No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.

RA 9745 "Anti-Torture Act of 2009" Section 2. Statement of Policy. - It is hereby


declared the
policy of the State:
(a) To value the dignity of every human person and guarantee full respect for human
rights;
(b) To ensure that the human rights of all persons, including suspects, detainees and
prisoners are respected at all 2 times; and that no person placed under investigation or
held in custody of any person in authority or, agent of a person authority shall be
subjected to physical, psychological or mental harm, force, violence, threat or
intimidation or any act that impairs his/her free wi11 or in any manner demeans 6r
degrades human dignity;
(c) To ensure that secret detention places, solitary, incommunicado or other similar
forms of detention, where torture may be carried out with impunity, are prohibited; and
(d) To fully adhere to the principles and standards on the absolute condemnation and
prohibition of torture as provided for in the 1987 Philippine Constitution; various
international instruments to which the Philippines is a State party such as, but not
limited to, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), the
Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC), the Convention on the Elimination of
All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDA W) and the Convention Against
Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (CAT); and
all other relevant international human rights instruments to which the Philippines is a
signatory.

Section 12 of Article III of the Constitution prohibits the use of torture, force, violence,
threat, intimidation, or any other means which vitiate the free will and mandates the
compensation and rehabilitation of victims of torture or similar practices and their
families.

Article 6.
Everyone has the right to recognition everywhere as a person before the law.

Article 15 of the Civil Code of the Philippines states that Laws relating to family rights
and duties, or to the status, condition and legal capacity of persons are binding upon
citizens of the Philippines, even though living abroad.

Article 7.
All are equal before the law and are entitled without any discrimination to equal protection of the
law. All are entitled to equal protection against any discrimination in violation of this Declaration
and against any incitement to such discrimination.

Article 2,Section 5 of the 1987 Philippine Constitution states that , The maintenance of
peace and order, the protection of life, liberty, and property, and promotion of the general
welfare are essential for the enjoyment by all the people of the blessings of democracy.

REPUBLIC ACT NO. 9262


AN ACT DEFINING VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN AND THEIR CHILDREN,
PROVIDING FOR PROTECTIVE MEASURES FOR VICTIMS, PRESCRIBING
PENALTIES THEREFORE, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES.
Section 1. Short Title.- This Act shall be known as the "Anti-Violence Against Women
and Their Children Act of 2004."
Sec. 2. Declaration of Policy.- It is hereby declared that the State values the dignity of
women and children and guarantees full respect for human rights. The State also
recognizes the need to protect the family and its members particularly women and
children, from violence and threats to their personal safety and security.

Article 8.
Everyone has the right to an effective remedy by the competent national tribunals for acts
violating the fundamental rights granted him by the constitution or by law.

Article 3, Section 11 of the 1987 Philippine Constitution states that, Free access to the
courts and quasi-judicial bodies and adequate legal assistance shall not be denied to any
person by reason of poverty.

Article 9.
No one shall be subjected to arbitrary arrest, detention or exile.

ARTICLE 124 of the Revised Penal Code, Arbitrary Detention. Any public officer or
employee who, without legal grounds, detains a person, shall suffer:
1. The penalty of arresto mayor in its maximum period to prisin correccional in its
minimum period, if the detention has not exceeded three days;
2. The penalty of prisin correccional in its medium and maximum periods, if the
detention has continued more than three but not more than fifteen days;

3. The penalty of prisin mayor, if the detention has continued for more than fifteen
days but not more than six months; and
4. That of reclusin temporal, if the detention shall have exceeded six months.
The commission of a crime, or violent insanity or any other ailment requiring the
compulsory confinement of the patient in a hospital, shall be considered legal grounds
for the detention of any person.

Article 10.
Everyone is entitled in full equality to a fair and public hearing by an independent and impartial
tribunal, in the determination of his rights and obligations and of any criminal charge against
him.

Article 3,Section 14 (1) of the 1987 Philippine Constitution, No person shall be held to
answer for a criminal offense without due process of law.

Article 11.
(1) Everyone charged with a penal offence has the right to be presumed innocent until proved
guilty according to law in a public trial at which he has had all the guarantees necessary for his
defence.
(2) No one shall be held guilty of any penal offence on account of any act or omission which did
not constitute a penal offence, under national or international law, at the time when it was
committed. Nor shall a heavier penalty be imposed than the one that was applicable at the time
the penal offence was committed.

Article 3, Section 14(2) of the 1987 Philippine Constitution states that, In all criminal
prosecutions, the accused shall be presumed innocent until the contrary is proved, and
shall enjoy the right to be heard by himself and counsel, to be informed of the nature and
cause of the accusation against him, to have a speedy, impartial, and public trial, to meet
the witnesses face to face, and to have compulsory process to secure the attendance of
witnesses and the production of evidence in his behalf. However, after arraignment, trial
may proceed notwithstanding the absence of the accused provided that he has been duly
notified and his failure to appear is unjustifiable.

Article 12.
No one shall be subjected to arbitrary interference with his privacy, family, home or
correspondence, nor to attacks upon his honour and reputation. Everyone has the right to the
protection of the law against such interference or attacks.

Article 3,Section 2 of the 1987 Philippine Constitution states that, The right of the
people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects against unreasonable
searches and seizures of whatever nature and for any purpose shall be inviolable, and no
search warrant or warrant of arrest shall issue except upon probable cause to be
determined personally by the judge after examination under oath or affirmation of the
complainant and the witnesses he may produce, and particularly describing the place to
be searched and the persons or things to be seized.

Article 13.
(1) Everyone has the right to freedom of movement and residence within the borders of each
state.
(2) Everyone has the right to leave any country, including his own, and to return to his country.

Article 3,Section 6 of the 1987 Philippine Constitution provides that, The liberty of
abode and of changing the same within the limits prescribed by law shall not be impaired
except upon lawful order of the court. Neither shall the right to travel be impaired except
in the interest of national security, public safety, or public health, as may be provided by
law.

Article 14.
(1) Everyone has the right to seek and to enjoy in other countries asylum from persecution.
(2) This right may not be invoked in the case of prosecutions genuinely arising from nonpolitical crimes or from acts contrary to the purposes and principles of the United Nations.

ARTICLE 2 of the Revised Penal Code, Application of Its Provisions. Except as


provided in the treaties and laws of preferential application, the provisions of this Code
shall be enforced not only within the Philippine Archipelago, including its atmosphere, its
interior waters and maritime zone, but also outside of its jurisdiction, against those who:
1. Should commit an offense while on a Philippine ship or airship;
2. Should forge or counterfeit any coin or currency note of the Philippine Islands or
obligations and securities issued by the Government of the Philippine Islands;
3. Should be liable for acts connected with the introduction into these islands of the
obligations and securities mentioned in the preceding number;
4. While being public officers or employees, should commit an offense in the exercise
of their functions; or
5. Should commit any of the crimes against national security and the law of nations,
defined in Title One of Book Two of this Code.

Article 15.
(1) Everyone has the right to a nationality.
(2) No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his nationality nor denied the right to change his
nationality.

Article 4,Section 1 of the 1987 Philippine Constitution states that, The following are
citizens of the Philippines:
(1) Those who are citizens of the Philippines at the time of the adoption of this
Constitution;
(2) Those whose fathers or mothers are citizens of the Philippines;
(3) Those born before January 17, 1973, of Filipino mothers, who elect Philippine
citizenship upon reaching the age of majority; and
(4) Those who are naturalized in accordance with law .

Article 16.
(1) Men and women of full age, without any limitation due to race, nationality or religion, have
the right to marry and to found a family. They are entitled to equal rights as to marriage, during
marriage and at its dissolution.
(2) Marriage shall be entered into only with the free and full consent of the intending spouses.
(3) The family is the natural and fundamental group unit of society and is entitled to protection
by society and the State.

EXECUTIVE ORDER NO. 209


THE FAMILY CODE OF THE PHILIPPINES July 6, 1987
Article 1. Marriage is a special contract of permanent union between a man and a
woman entered into in accordance with law for the establishment of conjugal and
family life. It is the foundation of the family and an inviolable social institution whose
nature, consequences, and incidents are governed by law and not subject to stipulation,
except that marriage settlements may fix the property relations during the marriage
within the limits provided by this Code

Article 17.
(1) Everyone has the right to own property alone as well as in association with others.
(2) No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his property.

According to Article 3, Section 9 of the 1987 Philippine Constitution, Private property


shall not be taken for public use without just compensation.

Article 18.
Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion; this right includes
freedom to change his religion or belief, and freedom, either alone or in community with others
and in public or private, to manifest his religion or belief in teaching, practice, worship and
observance.

Art. 133 of the Revised Penal Code, Offending the religious feelings. The penalty of
arresto mayor in its maximum period to prision correctional in its minimum period shall
be imposed upon anyone who, in a place devoted to religious worship or during the
celebration of any religious ceremony shall perform acts notoriously offensive to the
feelings of the faithful.

Article 19.
Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; this right includes freedom to hold
opinions without interference and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any
media and regardless of frontiers.

Article 3,Section 4 of the 1987 Philippine Constitution states that, No law shall be
passed abridging the freedom of speech, of expression, or of the press, or the right of the
people peaceably to assemble and petition the government for redress of grievances.

Article 20.
(1) Everyone has the right to freedom of peaceful assembly and association.
(2) No one may be compelled to belong to an association.

Article 3,Section 8 of the Philippine Constitution provides that, The right of the people,
including those employed in the public and private sectors, to form unions, associations,
or societies for purposes not contrary to law shall not be abridged.

REPUBLIC ACT NO. 8049


AN ACT REGULATING HAZING AND OTHER FORMS OF INITIATION RITES IN
FRATERNITIES, SORORITIES, AND OTHER ORGANIZATIONS AND PROVIDING
PENALTIES THEREFOR
Section 1. Hazing, as used in this Act, is an initiation rite or practice as a prerequisite
for admission into membership in a fraternity, sorority or organization by placing the

recruit, neophyte or applicant in some embarrassing or humiliating situations such as


forcing him to do menial, silly, foolish and other similar tasks or activities or otherwise
subjecting him to physical or psychological suffering or injury.

Article 21.
(1) Everyone has the right to take part in the government of his country, directly or through
freely chosen representatives.
(2) Everyone has the right of equal access to public service in his country.
(3) The will of the people shall be the basis of the authority of government; this will shall be
expressed in periodic and genuine elections which shall be by universal and equal suffrage and
shall be held by secret vote or by equivalent free voting procedures.

Article 5,Section 1 of the 1987 Philippine Constitution states that, Suffrage may be
exercised by all citizens of the Philippines not otherwise disqualified by law, who are at
least eighteen years of age, and who shall have resided in the Philippines for at least one
year, and in the place wherein they propose to vote, for at least six months immediately
preceding the election. No literacy, property, or other substantive requirement shall be
imposed on the exercise of suffrage.

Article 22.
Everyone, as a member of society, has the right to social security and is entitled to realization,
through national effort and international co-operation and in accordance with the organization
and resources of each State, of the economic, social and cultural rights indispensable for his
dignity and the free development of his personality.

REPUBLIC ACT NO. 8282 AN ACT FURTHER STRENGTHENING THE SOCIAL


SECURITY SYSTEM THEREBY AMENDING FOR THIS PURPOSE, REPUBLIC
ACT NO. 1161, AS AMENDED, OTHERWISE KNOWN AS THE SOCIAL SECURITY
LAW. SEC. 2. Declaration of Policy. - It is the policy of the State to establish, develop,
promote and perfect a sound and viable taxexempt social security system suitable to the
needs of the people throughout the Philippines which shall promote social justice and
provide meaningful protection to members and their beneficiaries against the hazards of
disability, sickness, maternity, old age, death, and other contingencies resulting in loss of
income or financial burden. Towards this end, the State shall endeavor to extend social
security protection to workers and their beneficiaries.

Article 23.
(1) Everyone has the right to work, to free choice of employment, to just and favourable
conditions of work and to protection against unemployment.
(2) Everyone, without any discrimination, has the right to equal pay for equal work.

(3) Everyone who works has the right to just and favourable remuneration ensuring for himself
and his family an existence worthy of human dignity, and supplemented, if necessary, by other
means of social protection.
(4) Everyone has the right to form and to join trade unions for the protection of his interests.

Article 13,Section 3 of the 1987 Philippine Constitution provides that, The State shall
afford full protection to labor, local and overseas, organized and unorganized, and
promote full employment and equality of employment opportunities for all.
It shall guarantee the rights of all workers to self-organization, collective bargaining and
negotiations, and peaceful concerted activities, including the right to strike in accordance
with law. They shall be entitled to security of tenure, humane conditions of work, and a
living wage. They shall also participate in policy and decision-making processes affecting
their rights and benefits as may be provided by law.
The State shall promote the principle of shared responsibility between workers and
employers and the preferential use of voluntary modes in settling disputes, including
conciliation, and shall enforce their mutual compliance therewith to foster industrial
peace.
The State shall regulate the relations between workers and employers, recognizing the
right of labor to its just share in the fruits of production and the right of enterprises to
reasonable returns to investments, and to expansion and growth.

Article 24.
Everyone has the right to rest and leisure, including reasonable limitation of working hours and
periodic holidays with pay.

Art. 91 of the Labor Code of the Philippines, Right to weekly rest day.
It shall be the duty of every employer, whether operating for profit or not, to provide
each of his employees a rest period of not less than twenty-four (24) consecutive hours
after every six (6) consecutive
normal work days.
The employer shall determine and schedule the weekly rest day of his employees subject
to collective bargaining agreement and to such rules and regulations as the Secretary of
Labor and Employment may provide. However, the employer shall respect the
preference of employees as to their weekly rest day when such preference is based on
religious grounds.

Article 25.
(1) Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of
himself and of his family, including food, clothing, housing and medical care and necessary
social services, and the right to security in the event of unemployment, sickness, disability,
widowhood, old age or other lack of livelihood in circumstances beyond his control.
(2) Motherhood and childhood are entitled to special care and assistance. All children, whether
born in or out of wedlock, shall enjoy the same social protection.

Article 2,Section 15 of the 1987 Philippine Constitution states that, The State shall
protect and promote the right to health of the people and instill health consciousness
among them.

Article 26.
(1) Everyone has the right to education. Education shall be free, at least in the elementary and
fundamental stages. Elementary education shall be compulsory. Technical and professional
education shall be made generally available and higher education shall be equally accessible to
all on the basis of merit.
(2) Education shall be directed to the full development of the human personality and to the
strengthening of respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms. It shall promote
understanding, tolerance and friendship among all nations, racial or religious groups, and shall
further the activities of the United Nations for the maintenance of peace.
(3) Parents have a prior right to choose the kind of education that shall be given to their children.

Article 2,Section 17 of the 1987 Philippine Constitution, The State shall give priority to
education, science and technology, arts, culture, and sports to foster patriotism and
nationalism, accelerate social progress, and promote total human liberation and
development.

Article 27.
(1) Everyone has the right freely to participate in the cultural life of the community, to enjoy the
arts and to share in scientific advancement and its benefits.
(2) Everyone has the right to the protection of the moral and material interests resulting from any
scientific, literary or artistic production of which he is the author.

Article 13,Section 16 of the 1987 Philippine Constitution provides, The right of the
people and their organizations to effective and reasonable participation at all levels of
social, political, and economic decision-making shall not be abridged. The State shall, by
law, facilitate the establishment of adequate consultation mechanisms.
REPUBLIC ACT NO. 9710
AN ACT PROVIDING FOR THE MAGNA CARTA OF WOMENcral

Section 1. Short Title. - This Act shall be known as "The Magna Carta of Women"
Sec. 2. Declaration of Policy. - Recognizing that the economic, political, and
sociocultural realities affect women's current condition, the State affirms the role of
women in nation building and ensures the substantive equality of women and men. It
shall promote empowerment of women and pursue equal opportunities for women and
men and ensure equal access to resources and to development results and outcome.
Further, the State realizes that equality of men and women entails the abolition of the
unequal structures and practices that perpetuate discrimination and inequality. To
realize this, the State shall endeavor to develop plans, policies, programs, measures,
and mechanisms to address discrimination and inequality in the economic, political,
social, and cultural life of women and men.

Article 28.
Everyone is entitled to a social and international order in which the rights and freedoms set forth
in this Declaration can be fully realized.

Article 2,Section 9 of the 1987 Philippine Constitution states that,The State shall
promote a just and dynamic social order that will ensure the prosperity and independence
of the nation and free the people from poverty through policies that provide adequate
social services, promote full employment, a rising standard of living, and an improved
quality of life for all.

Article 29.
(1) Everyone has duties to the community in which alone the free and full development of his
personality is possible.
(2) In the exercise of his rights and freedoms, everyone shall be subject only to such limitations
as are determined by law solely for the purpose of securing due recognition and respect for the
rights and freedoms of others and of meeting the just requirements of morality, public order and
the general welfare in a democratic society.
(3) These rights and freedoms may in no case be exercised contrary to the purposes and
principles of the United Nations.

Article 2,Section 4 of the 1987 Philippines Constitution states that, The prime duty of
the Government is to serve and protect the people. The Government may call upon the
people to defend the State and, in the fulfillment thereof, all citizens may be required,
under conditions provided by law, to render personal, military or civil service.

Article 30.

Nothing in this Declaration may be interpreted as implying for any State, group or person any
right to engage in any activity or to perform any act aimed at the destruction of any of the rights
and freedoms set forth herein.