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GRE words group

alienate estrange ; cause someone previously friendly to become unfriendly or indifferent by unpopular of
distasteful actions ; transfer ownership to another; make hostile: separate
estrange to alienate
lacerate; mangle; tear
rend split; tear apart
sunder separate; part

gossamer sheer; like cobwebs


imponderable weightless

confine (shut up), (imprison); n. a boundary or bounded region; border; limit / [Old Poet.] confinement/
[Obs.] a place of confinement v. to keep within limits; restrict [to confine a talk to ten minutes]/to keep shut
up, as in prison, in bed because of illness, indoors, etc. SYN. limit
constraint compulsion; repression of feelings
custody (imprisonment) a guarding or keeping safe; care; protection; guardianship
detain vt. to keep in custody; confine / to keep from going on; hold back /[Obs.] to withhold
detention n.a detaining or being detained; specif., a) a keeping in custody; confinement b) an enforced
delay/a form of punishment in which a student is required to stay after school
duress forcible restraint, especially unlawfully
fetter shackle
incarcerate vt. to imprison; jail / to shut up; confine
manacle >, fetter or chain for the hands or feet / fetter with manacles ; restrain / handcuff
obligatory binding; required
quarantine isolation of person or ship to prevent spread of infection
restraint; controlling force
seclusion a secluding or being secluded, retirement, isolation; isolation; solitude
sequester retire from public life; segregate; seclude
shackle chain; fetter
stringent strict, severe, that must be obeyed ; tight, difficult to operate because of scarcity of money;
binding; rigid

arrogance the state or manner of having too great pride in oneself / hughtiness; haughtness
arrogant unduly or excessively proud, as of wealth, station, learning, etc
bloated swollen or puffed as with water or air
brazen insolent
bumptious self-assertive
cavalier (escort) (careless)/ (arrogant) vt. gallant n. an armed horseman; knight / a gallant or courteous
gentleman, esp. one serving as a lady's escort/ [C-] a partisan of Charles I of England in his struggles with
Parliament (1641-1649); Royalist: opposed to Roundhead adj. [C-] a) of the Cavaliers b) associated with the

court of Charles I of England [Cavalier poets]/a) free and easy; gay b) casual or indifferent toward matters
of some importance c) haughty; arrogant; supercilious
conceit whimsical idea; extravagant metaphor
contumely scornful insolence; insult
disdain contempt ; scorn / look on with contempt ; think it dishonorable to do something ; be too proud;
treat with scorn or contempt
domineer rule over tyrennically
elated in high spirits ; proud / overjoyed;
haughtiness pride; arrogance
hubris arrogance; excessive self-conceit
imperious commanding ; haughty ; arrogant ; urgent / domineering
imperiousness lordiness; domineering manner; arrogance
impertinent insolent
impudent adj. 1 orig., immodest; shameless 2 shamelessly bold or disrespectful; saucy; insolent SYN.
impertinent
insolent haughty and contemptuous
lofty very high
mincing affectedly dainty
overweening presumptuous; arrogant
peremptory not to be disobeyed or questioned ; dogmatic ; insisting upon obedience ; imperious;
demanding and leaving no choice
pert impertinent; forward
pontificate
presumption arrogance; effrontery
presumptuous arrogant; taking liberties
pretentious claiming great merit or importance / ostentatious; ambitious
smug (spruce) adj.orig., neat, spruce, trim, etc. / narrowly contented with one's own accomplishments,
beliefs, morality, etc.; self-satisfied to an annoying degree; complacent
stilted bombastic; inflated
supercilious contemptuous; haughty
vain a ( futile )/ (of, about) adj. having no real value or significance; worthless, empty, idle, hollow, etc.
[vain pomp] / without force or effect; futile, fruitless, unprofitable, unavailing, etc. [a vain endeavor] /
having or showing an excessively high regard for one's self, looks, possessions, ability, etc.; indulging in or
resulting from personal vanity; conceited / [Archaic] lacking in sense; foolish
vainglorious boastful; excessively conceited

apprehend arrest a criminal; dread; perceive


apprehensive fearful about something that might happen ; quick to understand ; perceptive; fearful;
discerning
hypochondriac one who suffers from morbid anxiety / person unduly worried about his health; worrier
without cause about illness
misgivings doubts

perturb disturb ; make afraid or anxious; disturb greatly


qualm a fit of nausea
qualms misgivings
solicitous anxious or concerned about someone's welfare, etc ; eager to help or serve someone; worried;
concerned

appall. fill with fear or terror ; dismay ; shock deeply


craven cowardly
dastard coward
daunt intimidate
diffident not having much belief in one's own abilities ; lacking in self-confidence ; shy
dismay vt. to make afraid or discouraged at the prospect of trouble or danger; fill with apprehension or
alarm; daunt n. a loss of courage or confidence at the prospect of trouble or danger; consternation
SYN.Dismay suggests fear or, esp. in modern usage, discouragement at the prospect of some difficulty or
problem which one does not quite know how to resolve [dismayed at his lack of understanding]; appall
suggests terror or (now more commonly) dismay at a shocking but apparently unalterable situation [an
appalling death rate]; horrify suggests horror or loathing (or, in a weakened sense, irritation) at that which
shocks or offends one [horrified at the suggestion]; daunt implies a becoming disheartened in the
performance of an act that requires some courage [never daunted by adversity]
intimidate
milquetoast Caspar Milquetoast) a timid, shrinking, apologetic person
poltroon coward
pusillanimous cowardly; fainthearted
recreant coward; betrayer of faith
terrify
timorous fearful; demonstrating fear
weak sister (one who is cowardly, unreliable, etc.

drone idle person; male bee / talk dully; buzz or mumur like a bee
indolence laziness
indolent habitually inactive or idle
sloth; laziness; slow-moving tree dwelling mammal
slovensluggard lazy person
sluggish inactive ; slow-moving / lazy; lethargic; not easily aroused by activity; slow to respond
supine (indolent) lying on back
torpor (torpidity) lethargy; sluggishness; dormancy
truant

affected artificial: pretended

aggrandize make someone or a nation greater in power, wealth, rank, etc. ; exaggerate; increase or
intensify
blowhard a very boastful and talkative person [syn: braggart, boaster, line-shooter, vaunter]
bluff bluff 1. (Poker) To deter (an opponent) from taking the risk of betting on his hand of cards, as the
bluffer does by betting heavily on his own hand although it may be of less value. [U. S.] 2. To frighten or
deter from accomplishing a purpose by making a show of confidence in one's strength or resources; as, he
bluffed me off. [Colloq.] n. 1. A high, steep bank, as by a river or the sea, or beside a ravine or plain; a cliff
with a broad face. Beach, bluff, and wave, adieu. --Whittier. 2. An act of bluffing; an expression of selfconfidence for the purpose of intimidation; braggadocio; as, that is only bluff, or a bluff. 3. A game at cards;
poker. [U.S.] --Bartlett
bombastic pompous; using inflated language
braggadocio boasting
braggart boaster
bravado swagger; assumed air of defiance
charlatan quack; pretender to knowledge
consequential pompous; self-important
distend expand; swell out
effusive expressing excessive emotion in an unrestrained manner ; pouring out ; overflowing / pouring
forth; gushing
enhance advance; improve; to make greater, better
fanfare call by bugles or trumpets
flaunt display ostentatiously
fustian pompous; bombastic
gasconade bluster; boastfulness
grandiloquent pompous; bombastic; using high-sounding language
grandiose imposing; impressive
hyperbole exaggerated statement made for effect and not intended to be taken literally; exaggeration;
overstatement
inflate take action to increase the amount of money in circulation so that prices rise ; fill a tire , balloon,
etc. with air or gas ; make proud or elated
inflated enlarged with air or gas; exaggerated
magniloquent boastful; pompous
mountebank charlatan; boastful pretender
orotund having a round, resonant quality; inflated speech
ostentatious done for unnecessary display ; liking to attract notice; showy; pretentious
panache flair, flamboyance
panegyric a formal speech or writing praising a person or event ; high or hyperbolic praise,laudation;
formal praise
peacock
pomposity self-important behavior; action like a stuffed shirt
pretentious claiming great merit or importance / ostentatious; ambitious
rhetoric art of effective communication; insincere language

rhetorical pertaining to effective communication; insincere in language


stilted bombastic; inflated
strut pompous walk / supporting bar
stumid swollen; pompous; bombastic
turgid swollen; distended
vaunted boasted; bragged; highly publicized

affinity a close relationship ; likeness ; strong liking or attraction; kinship


apt
bent determined; natural talent or inclination adj. 1 made curved or crooked; not straight 2 strongly
inclined or determined: with on [bent on going] 3 set in a course; bound [westward bent] 4 [Slang] a)
dishonest; crooked b) eccentric; odd n. 1 an inclination; tendency 2 a natural leaning or tendency;
propensity [a bent for music, a criminal bent] 3 a framework transverse to the length of a structure, for
supporting lateral as well as vertical loads
disposition
endearment fond statement
gusto enjoyment; enthusiasm
inclination
incline slipe; slant
leaning
partial
partiality inclination; bias
penchant strong inclination; liking
predilection special liking ; mental preference; partiality; preference
predisposition
proclivity a natural or habitual tendency, or inclination especially toward something discreditable / natural
tendency
proneness
propensity a natural inclination or tendency
tendency
tendentious having an aim; designed to further a cause

ablution the act of washing one's body or a part of it as a religious ceremony


chaste pure, free from obscenity
disinfection
expurgate take out from a book what is considered to be improper or object on able parts / clean; remove
offensive parts of a book
hygiene
immaculate pure ; faultless ; without a spot or stain ; perfectly clean ; right in every detail / spotless
impeccable faultless ; incapable of doing wrong

lave wash
pristine characteristic of earlier times; primitive; unspoiled
purge clean by removing impurities; to clear of charges
purify
sanitation
sterilization

coda concluding section of a musical or literary composition


culminate vi. 1to reach its highest or lowest altitude: said of a celestial body 2to reach its highest point or
climax; result (in) vt. to bring to its climax; cap
epilogue peroration, prologue ;
finale conclusion
interminable endless ; unable to be ended ; tedious because too long
prorogue dismiss parliament; end officially
terminate bring to an end ; come to an end / to bring to an end
truncate cut the top off

dawdle be slow, waste time / loiter;


dissipate squander
extravagant
fritter waste
improvident not looking to future needs ; wasteful / thriftless
lavish liberal; wasteful
loiter hand aroud; linger
muddle muddled state, confusion of ideas / bring into a state of confusion and disorder / confuse; mix up
niggle spend too much time on minor points; carp
prodigal wasteful ; too free in giving or spending ; abundant; wasteful; reckless with money
prodigality
profligacy shameless viciousness
profligate profligate person / shamelessly immoral ; reckless, extravagant; dissipated; wasteful; licentious
profuse very plentiful or abundant ; lavish or extravagant ; giving generously
profusion lavish expenditure; overabundant condition
spendthrift
squander waste
thriftless
unthrifty
waster
wastrel profligate

agitation ; exitement of the mind or feelings, anxiety ; discussion or debate for the purpose of bringing
about a change ; social or political unrest or trouble / strong feeling; excitement
altercation quarrel or noisy argument; wordy quarrel
bicker quarrel; to quarrel vi. 1 to have a petty quarrel; squabble 2 to move with quick, rippling noises [a
bickering brook] 3 to flicker, twinkle, etc. n. 1 a petty quarrel 2 a rippling or pattering sound
brabble (with) vi.[Archaic] to quarrel noisily over trifles n.quarrelsome chatter
contend struggle ; be in rivalry or competition ; argue ; assert / compete; assert earnestly
contentious quarrelsome
contest dispute
controvert dispute about ; deny, oppose / oppose with arguments; contradict
disputatious argumentative; fond of argument
dispute vi. 1to argue; debate 2to quarrel vt. 1to argue or debate (a question); discuss pro and con 2to
question the truth of; doubt 3to oppose in any way; resist 4to fight for; contest [to dispute every foot of
ground] n. 1a disputing; argument; debate 2a quarrel 3[Obs.] a fight SYN. discuss, argument beyond
dispute 1not open to dispute or question; settled 2indisputably in dispute still being argued about; not
settled
haggle argue or dispute especially the price of something or the terms of a bargain / argue about prices
incontrovertible that cannot be disputed / indisputable
moot debatable
polemic controversy; argument in support of point of view
polemical
problematic perplexing; unsettled; questionable
spat] n.[Rare] a slap/a quick, slapping sound/[Colloq.] a brief, petty quarrel or dispute vi.1[Rare] to slap/to
strike with a quick, slapping sound/[Colloq.] to engage in a spat, or quarrel vt.[Rare] to slap SYN. quarrel
squabble vi.to quarrel noisily over a small matter; wrangle n.a noisy, petty quarrel or dispute; wrangle SYN.
quarrel2
tiff n. a slight fit of anger or bad humor; huff; pet/ a slight quarrel; spat vi. to be in or have a tiff
wrangle such an argument / take part in a noisy or angry argument / quarrel; obtain through erhuing; herd
cattle

acidulous slightly sour: sharp: caustic Slightly sour; sub-acid; sourish; as, an acidulous tincture. --E.
Burke. Acidulous mineral waters, such as contain carbonic anhydride.
bilious suffering from indigestion; irritable
churl 1. A rustic; a countryman or laborer. ``A peasant or churl.'' --Spenser. Your rank is all reversed; let
men of cloth Bow to the stalwart churls in overalls. --Emerson. 2. A rough, surly, ill-bred man; a boor. A
churl's courtesy rarely comes, but either for gain or falsehood. --Sir P. Sidney. 3. A selfish miser; an illiberal
person; a niggard. Like to some rich churl hoarding up his pelf. --Drayton
crabbed sour; peevish adj. peevish; morose; ill-tempered; cross / hard to understand because intricate or
complicated / hard to read or make out because cramped or irregular [crabbed handwriting]
cumbersome burdensome ; heavy and awkward to carry / hard to mange
fastidious difficult to please; squeamish
finicky too particular; fussy
fractious irritable, peevish, bad-tempered / unruly

intractable unruly or stubborn ; not easily controlled or dealt with; unruly; refractory
malcontent a person who is not contented / discontented and inclined to rebel / person dissatisfied with
existing state of affairs
martinet strict disciplinarian
meticulous excessively careful
morose ill-humored; sullen
mutinous unruly; rebellious
overnice adj. too nice; too fastidious, precise, etc.
petulant touchy; peevish
recalcitrant obstinately stubborn
refractory resisting control, discipline, etc. wilful ; not yielding to treatment ; hard to melt, fuse or work;
stubborn; unmanageable
restive unmanageable; fretting under control adj. refusing to go forward; balky, as a horse / hard to
control; unruly; refractory / nervous or impatient under pressure or restraint; restless; unsettled SYN.
contrary
shrew scolding woman
squeamish adj. having a digestive system that is easily upset; easily nauseated; queasy / easily shocked or
offended; prudish / excessively fastidious; oversensitive SYN. dainty
touchy sensitive; irascible; sensitive; irritable
unruly not easily controlled ; disorderly / disobedient; lawless
untoward unfortunate; annoying
vixen female fox; ill-tempered woman
wanton unruly; unchaste; excessive

besmear
besmirch soil; defile vt. 1 to make dirty; soil 2 to bring dishonor to; sully
blotch n. 1 a discolored patch or blemish on the skin 2 any large blot or stain vt. to cover or mark with
blotches
blur
brindled tawny or grayish with streaks or spots
dappled spotted
defile make something dirty ; destroy the purity of; pollute; profane
disheveled untidy
filthy
fleck spot
frowzy slovenly; unkempt; dirty
immaculate pure ; faultless ; without a spot or stain ; perfectly clean ; right in every detail / spotless
mottled spotted
piebald mottled; spotted
pied variegated; multicolored

slovenly of or like a sloven / untidy; careless in work habits


smear
sordid filthy; base; vile
squalid dirty; neglected; poor
squalor
tainted contaminated; corrupt
unkempt untidy ; uncombed / disheveled; with uncared for appearance

abash embarrass, to destroy the self-confidence,poise,or self-possession of;disconsert;make ashamed or


embarrassed
addle rotten: muddled; crazy 1. Liquid filth; mire. [Obs.] 2. Lees; dregs. [Prov. Eng.] --Wright. a. Having
lost the power of development, and become rotten, as eggs; putrid. Hence: Unfruitful or confused, as
brains; muddled. --Dryden.
agitation exitement of the mind or feelings, anxiety ; discussion or debate for the purpose of bringing about
a change ; social or political unrest or trouble / strong feeling; excitement
anarchy absence of government or control ; disorder ; confusion; absence of governing body; state of
disorder
baffle frustrate; perplex; to confuse
bedlam (St. Mary of Bethlehem); (madhouse) madhouse; [Archaic] any insane asylum ;any place or
condition of noise and confusion
confound vt. 1to mix up or lump together indiscriminately; confuse 2to make feel confused; bewilder 3to
damn: used as a mild oath 4[Archaic] to defeat or destroy 5[Archaic] to abash
consternation surprise and fear ; dismay
deranged insane
disarray a disorderly or untidy state
discombobulate to upset the composure of; disconcert
embroil throw into confusion; involve in strife; entangle
fluctuate move up and down
fluster confuse
fuddle
imperturbable not capable of being excited ; calm / placid
maelstrom whirlpool
muddle muddled state, confusion of ideas / bring into a state of confusion and disorder / confuse; mix up
obfuscate darken or obscure the mind ; bewilder; confuse; muddle
oscillate vibrate pendulumlike; waver
pandemonium wild and noisy disorder / wild tumult
perplex
perturb disturb ; make afraid or anxious; disturb greatly
perturbation agitation
ruffled

trepidation fear; trembling agitation


turmoil confusion; strife
vacillation fluctuation; wavering
welter wallow / turmoil; bewildering jumble

accede agree ; take up a position ; succeed ; become a member of an organization


accolade bestowed of a knighthood by a tap on the shoulder with the flat of a sword ; praise ; approval;
award of merit
accord the state of being in agreement or harmony; be in agreement or harmony ; give,grant to agree; to
be in harmony; to grant or bestow
acquiesce to assent tacitly ;submit or comply silently or without protest ; assent; agree passively
assent agreement / agree to something / accept
compact
concur agree, be in harmony ; happen at the same time ; work together
concurrent happening at the same time
conformity harmony; agreement
congruence correspondence of parts; harmonious relationship
congruous (to, with); adj. congruent / corresponding to what is right, proper, or reasonable; fitting;
suitable; appropriate
consort associate with
converge come towards each other and meet at a point / come together
seconder
stand-by
unanimity complete agreement or unity
uniformity sameness; consistency; monotony
unison concord or agreement / unity of pitch; complete accord

articulate say words or speak distinctly ; connect by joints / in which the separate sounds and words are
clear ; able to put thoughts and feelings into clear speech; effective; distinct
babble chatter idly
drone idle person; male bee / talk dully; buzz or mumur like a bee
eloquent
enunciate speak distinctly
glib fluent; spoken easily but with little thought ; fluent
mumble
murmur
mutter
prattle babble
stammer
stuttering

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verbiage unnecessary words for the expression of an idea, etc. / pompous array of words
voluble loquacious ; able to talk very quickly and easily ; fluent ; rotating / glib

austere strict; stern


brevity shortness of statements, human life and other nonmaterial things; conciseness
concise brief ; giving much information in few words; brief and compact
curt (abrupt) adj.orig., short or shortened / brief, esp. to the point of rudeness; terse or brusque [a curt
reply] SYN. blunt
epigrammatic -ically ad. of the epigram or full of epigrams / having the nature of an epigram; terse, witty,
etc. Also
laconic brief and to the point
pithy concise; meaty
proverb
quietaholic
reticent not saying all that is known or felt ; in the habit of saving little; reserved; uncommunicative,
inclined to silence
sententious dull and moralizing ; having an air of wisdom ; in the habit of saying or writing things in a
short and witty manner; terse; concise; aphoristic
succinct terse ; expressed briefly and clearly; brief; terse; compact
taciturn habitually silent; talking little
terse concise; abrupt; pithy
vignette picture; short literary sketch

amicable done in friendly way ; peaceful


amity friendship
bonhomie good nature; pleasant, affable manner; amiability
convivial gay ; cheerful ; fond of chatting, merry-making, drinking, etc. ; of a feast or an official dinner;
festive; gay; characterized by joviality
debonair friendly; aiming to please
jaunty stylish; perky; carefree
jocund merry
jovial good-natured; merry
resilient bouncing or springing back into shape, position, etc. after being stretched, bent or compressed ;
buoyant in disposition / elastic; having the power of springing back
sanguine hopeful ; optimistic ; having a red complexion; cheerful; hopeful
spruce neat and trim
suavity urbanity; polish
vivacious lively,high-spirited,gay; animated; gay
winsome; attractive ; pleasing, bright / agreeable; gracious; engaging

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belie give a wrong or untrue idea of ; fail to justify or be equal to what is hoped for or promised; contradict;
give a false impression
contravene go against a law, a custom, etc. ; attack a statement, a principle, etc. / contradict; infringe on
discordant not in agreement ; not harmonious ; harsh / inharmonious; conflicting
discrepancy difference ; absence of agreement; lack of consistency; difference
disparity inequality ; difference / condition of inequality
dissent disagreement in opinion / have a different opinion from ; refuse to assent to ; refuse to accept the
religious doctrine of the Chuch of England
dissident person who disagrees ; dissenter / disagreeing
dissonant
divergent get farther apart from a point,or from each other as they progress / disffering; deviating
friction clash in opinion; rubbing against
incompatible
implacable that cannot be appeased ; relentless / incapable of being pacified
incoherence lack of relevance; lack of intelligibility
incoherent not logically coordinated, as to parts, elements, or details
incongruity lack of harmony; absurdity
incongruous not fitting; absurd
inconsistency
irreconcilable incompatible; not able to be resolved
oxymoron
paradox statement that seems to say something opposite to common sense or the truth, but which may
contain a truth; statement that looks false but is actually correct
rent
repugnance loathing
schism division; split

anesthetic substance that removes sensation with or without loss of consciousnes


callous (hardened; unfeeling
impassive showing no sign of feeling ; unmoved / without feeling; not affected by pain
insensate without feeling
insensible unconscious; unresponsive
opiate sleep producer; deadener of pain
soporific sleep producer
stolid (dull) dull; impassive
stupefaction a stupefying or being stupefied / stunned amazement or utter bewilderment
stupor almost unconscious condition caused by shock, drugs, alcohol, etc.; state of apathy; daze; lack of
awareness
torpid dormant; dull; lethargic

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hefty
ponderous weighty; unwiedy
preponderous

atrophy
attenuate make thin or slender ; weaken
callous (hardened; unfeeling
debilitate make weak; weaken; enfeeble
debility
decrepitude
devitalize
drowsiness
effeminacy
enervate deprive of strength, force, vigor, etc. ; weaken physically, mentally, or morally / weakened
enfeeble
flabby
flaccid flabby
flagging weak; drooping
impassive showing no sign of feeling ; unmoved / without feeling; not affected by pain
impotent weak; ineffective
indolent habitually inactive or idle
inertia state of being inert or indisposed to move
inertness
insensate without feeling
insensible unconscious; unresponsive
lackadaisical affectedly languid
laggard slow; sluggish
languid weary; sluggish; listless
languor
lassitude
lax careless
lethargy a condition of abnormal drowsiness or torpor ; a great lack of energy ; being uninterested
listless too tired to show interest or do anything; lacking in spirit or energy
loaf
loiter hand aroud; linger
loll vi. 1to lean or lounge about in a relaxed or lazy manner 2to hang in a relaxed manner; droop [the dog's
tongue lolled out] vt. to let droop or hang loosely n. [Archaic] the act of lolling
phlegmatic calm; not easily disturbed
remiss, careless of duty / negligent

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sap
senility old age; feeblemindedness of old age
sloth laziness; slow-moving tree dwelling mammal
sluggard lazy person
sluggish inactive ; slow-moving / lazy; lethargic; not easily aroused by activity; slow to respond
somnolent sleepy ; almost asleep ; causing sleep / half asleep
stolid (dull) dull; impassive
stupor almost unconscious condition caused by shock, drugs, alcohol, etc.; state of apathy; daze; lack of
awareness
supine (indolent) lying on back
torpid dormant; dull; lethargic
torpor (torpidity) lethargy; sluggishness; dormancy

foolhardy rash
temerarious rash
temerity boldness; rashness
venturesome bold

anhydrous withered
arid dry; barren
barren
colander utensil with perforated bottom used for straining
deluge great flood ; heavy fall of rain ; anything coming in a heavy rush / flood ; come down on; fiood;
rush
deplete empty until little or none remains ; use up ; exhaust; reduce; exhaust
desiccant
desiccate dry up
drain
drench
drought
exsiccate
hydrate
immerse
inundate flood ; cover with water by over-flowing ; deluge; overflow; flood
macerate
parch
saturate

soak

scorch
sear

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soak
sodden soaked; dull, as if from drink
steep soak

asinine stupid
buffoon a clown
bungler
dolt stupid person
dupe n. a person easily tricked or fooled vt. to deceive by trickery; fool or cheat SYN. cheat
farcical
fatuity
fatuous foolish; inane
folly 1 a lack of understanding, sense, or rational conduct; foolishness 2 any foolish action or belief 3 any
foolish and useless but expensive undertaking 4 a) [Obs.] wickedness or evil; also, lewdness b) action that
ends or can end in disaster See also follies
imbecile
impolitic not wise
imprudent lacking caution; injudicious
inane silly; senseless
inept not suitable to the purpose ; wrong in a foolish and awkward way; unsuited; absurd; incompetent
jester
lout clumsy person
ludicrous laughable; trifling
mooncalf
oaf

stupid, awkward person

obtuse blunt; stupid


pantaloon 1.
puerility
sap head
schlemiel
schmo, schmoe
simp / simpleton

simpleton)

soft head
softy, softie
stick-in-the-mud
stultify cause to appear foolish or inconsistent
stupe
stupor almost unconscious condition caused by shock, drugs, alcohol, etc.; state of apathy; daze; lack of
awareness

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tomfool
vacuous empty; inane
vapid insipid; inane
witless foolish; idiotic
zany

n. 1a clown or buffoon; specif 2a silly or foolish person; simpleton a) comical in an extravagantly

ludicrous or slapstick manner b) foolish or crazy

acumen mental keenness ;keen insight; shrewdness


apprehensive fearful about something that might happen ; quick to understand ; perceptive; fearful;
discerning
clairvoyant a clairvoyant person / having the power of seeing things not seen by other persons ; unusually
keen / fortuneteller / having foresight
discerning mentally quick and observant; having insight
epiphany any appearance or bodily manifestation of a deity
erudite having or showing a wide knowledge gained from reading ; learned; learned; scholarly
erudition high degree of knowledge and learning
judicious showing or having good sense; wise; determined by sound judgment
perspicacious; quick to judge and understand / having insight; penetrating; astute
sagacious keen; shrewd; having insight

contumacious resisting authority ; obstinate and disobedient


defiance challenge); the act of defying; open, bold resistance to authority or opposition / a challenge
insubordinate disobedient ; rebellious
insurgent a person engaged in surgent activity / rebellious ; rising in revolt ; in revolt against the
leadership of a political party
insurrection rebellion; uprising
malcontent a person who is not contented / discontented and inclined to rebel / person dissatisfied with
existing state of affairs
mutineer) mutiny
mutinous unruly; rebellious
rebel n. one who engages in armed resistance against the established government of one's country / a
person who resists any authority or controls / [often R-] name for a Confederate soldier in the Civil War adj.
rebellious / of rebels vi. to be a rebel against the established government of one's country / to resist any
authority or controls [to rebel against one's parents] / to feel or show strong aversion; be repelled [his mind
rebels at the thought]
recalcitrant obstinately stubborn
restive unmanageable; fretting under control adj. refusing to go forward; balky, as a horse / hard to
control; unruly; refractory / nervous or impatient under pressure or restraint; restless; unsettled SYN.
contrary
sedition tumult, allegiance; resistance to authority; insubordination
seditionary

16

avert (turn away,turn aside ; avoid ; prevent; prevent; turn away


balk n. 1 a ridge of unplowed land between furrows 2 a roughly hewn piece of timber 3 a beam used in
construction 4 something that obstructs or thwarts; check, hindrance, disappointment, etc. 5 [Obs.] a
blunder; error 6 Baseball an illegal motion by the pitcher, such as an uncompleted motion to throw to a
base, while one foot is on the rubber: it entitles each base runner to advance one base 7 Billiards any of the
outer spaces between the cushions and the balkline vt. 1 orig., to make balks in (land) 2 to obstruct or
thwart; foil 3 [Archaic] to miss or let slip by 4 Baseball to force (a base runner to score from third base) by
committing a balk vi. 1 to stop and obstinately refuse to move or act 2 to hesitate or recoil (at) 3 to make a
balk in baseball SYN. frustrate
circumvent prevent a plan from being carried out, frustrate; outwit; baffle
defer
deterrent something that discourages; hindrance
encumber get in the way of ; be a burden to ; choke up
forestall . upset somebody or his plans by doing something unexpectedly early ; buy up ; do something
first and so prevent another from doing it; prevent by taking action in advance
hamper obstruct
hindrance block; obstacle
impede hinder; block
impediment a thing which hinders ; an obstacle ; a defect in speech / hindrance; stumbling- block
inhibit; hinder, restrain ; forbid / prohibit;
lag lag1 vi. (~ged; ~ging) 1 (behind) 2 (linger); < 4
obstructionist
pester (vex), vt.to annoy constantly or repeatedly with petty irritations; bother; vex/[Obs.] to overcrowd;
cram
preclude prevent ; make impossible in advance; make impossible; eliminate
procrastinate delay action ; keep on putting off / postpone;
retard
seditionary
slacken slow up; loosen
stonewaller
stymie present an obstacle; stump
temporize delay making a decision, giving an answer, stating one's purpose etc. ; act so as to gain time;
avoid committing oneself; gain time
thwart baffle; frustrate

apostate, one who abandons his faith / one who abandons his religious faith or political beliefs
convert
neophyte person who has newly been converted to some belief or religion ; beginner; recent convert;
beginner
perfidious faithless ; treacherous / basely false
perfidy violation of a trust

17

proselyte a person who has been converted from one religion to another, or from one belief, sect, party,
etc. to another to try to convert (a person), esp. to one's religion / to persuade to do or join something, esp.
by offering an inducement
proselytize convert to a religion or belief
quisler
rattlesnake
recreant coward; betrayer of faith
renegade person who changes his religious beliefs ; person who deserts his political party ; traitor /
deserter; apostate
tergiversation evasion; fickleness
traitor
treacherousness
vavasor
vert

caprice whim
capricious flickle; incalculable
conceit whimsical idea; extravagant metaphor
cranky (eccentric); adj. in poor condition; apt to operate poorly / irritable; cross / queer; eccentric/ [Rare]
full of turns; crooked/ Naut. liable to lurch or capsize; unsteady SYN. irritable
crotchety ecentric; whimsical
faltering falter vi. to move uncertainly or unsteadily; totter; stumble / to stumble in speech; speak
haltingly; stammer / to act hesitantly; show uncertainty; waver; flinch [to falter under enemy fire] / to lose
strength, certainty, etc.; weaken [the economy faltered] vt. to say hesitantly or timidly n. a faltering / a
faltering sound
fanciful whimsical; visionary
fantastic unreal; grotesque; whimsical
fickle often changing ; not constant; changeable; faithless
flux flowing; series of changes
frivolous a. (trifling), (silly) adj. of little value or importance; trifling; trivial / not properly serious or
sensible; silly and light-minded; giddy [a frivolous remark, a frivolous youth]
intersperse ...
mercurial fickle; changing
metamorphose
monotony sameness leading to boredom
moodiness fits of depression or gloom
mutable liable to change ; likely to change / changing in form; fickle
protean versatile; able to take on many shapes
quicksilver
quirk startling twist; caprice
skittish lively; frisky

18

tantrum fit of petulance; caprice


transition a passing from one condition, period, form, stage, activity, place, etc. to another / going from
one state of action to another
transmute change the shape, nature or substance of / convert to something different
vacillation fluctuation; wavering
vagary) caprice; whim
vagrant
vicissitude change, especially in somebody's fortunes; change of fortune
volatile evaporating rapidly; lighthearted; mercurial
wanton unruly; unchaste; excessive
waver vi.to swing or sway to and fro; flutter / to show doubt or indecision; find it hard, or be unable, to
decide; vacillate / to become unsteady; begin to give way; falter / to tremble; quaver: said of the voice, etc.
/ to vary in brightness; flicker: said of light / to fluctuate / to totter n. the act of wavering, trembling,
vacillating, etc.
whimsical capricious; fanciful; quaint

nemesis revenging agent


reprisal injury or revenge done in return for an injury, especially by one country to another in a war;
retaliation
requite repay; revenge
retaliate repay in kind usually for bad treatment
vendetta feud; private warfare
vengeance n. the return of an injury for an injury, in punishment or retribution; avenging of an injury or
offense; revenge / the desire to make such a return
vindicate . prove the justice, truth, validity, etc. of; clear of charges

abjure renounce upon oath


abnegate to renounce (a right or privilege); 1. to refuse or deny oneself (some rights, conveniences)
;reject 2. to relinquish ; give up
abnegation repudiation; self-sacrifice
contravene go against a law, a custom, etc. ; attack a statement, a principle, etc. / contradict; infringe on
controvert dispute about ; deny, oppose / oppose with arguments; contradict
demur delay; object
desist cease ; stop ; give up
disavow deny belief, approval or knowledge ; refuse
disavowal denial; disclaiming
discard
disclaim give up ; reject ; deny; disown; renounce claim to
discredit loss of credit or reputation / refuse to believe or have confidence in / defame; destroy confidence
in; disbelieve
disprove

19

dissent disagreement in opinion / have a different opinion from ; refuse to assent to ; refuse to accept the
religious doctrine of the Chuch of England
flout reject; mock
gainsay deny
negate
negation denial
override
protest
rebuff snub; beat back
rebut to contradict
renege deny; go back on
renounce consent formally to give up a claim, right, possession, etc. ; refuse to acknowledge ; disown;
abandon; discontinue; disown; repudiate
repel vt.to drive or force back; hold or ward off [to repel an attack]/to refuse to accept, agree to, or submit
to; reject [to repel advances]/ to refuse to accept (a person); spurn [to repel a suitor]/ a) to cause distaste
or dislike in; disgust [the odor repelled him] b) to cause (insects, etc.) to react by staying away/ a) to be
resistant to, or present an opposing force to [a coating that repels moisture] b) to fail to mix with or adhere
to [water repels oil] vi. to drive off, or offer an opposing force to, something / to cause distaste, dislike, or
aversion
repudiate disown ; say that one will have nothing more to do with ; refuse to accept or acknowledge ;
refuse to pay an obligation or dept; disown; disavow
revoke
withhold

apparent
elucidate explain ; make clear ; throw light on a problem, or difficulty / enlighten; to make understandable
evince show that one has a feeling, quality, etc.; show clearly
explicit clearly stated and leaving nothing implied ; outspoken ; saying what is meant without reservation
or disguise; definite; open
incontrovertible that cannot be disputed / indisputable
indisputable that cannot be disputed ; unquestionable / too certain to be disputed
indubitable that cannot be doubted; unquestionable
limpid clear
lucid clear ; lucent; bright; easily understood
manifest understandable; clear
noncommittal; not committing oneself to a definite course or to either side in a dispute, etc. / neutral;
unpledged; undecided
overt open to view
palpable that can be felt or touched ; clear to the mind; tangible; easily perceptible
patent open for the public to read; obvious
pellucid transparent; limpid; easy to understand
perspicuous plainly expressed

20

tangible that can be perceived by touch ; clear and definite ; real; able to be touched; real; palpable
transparent allowing light to pass through ; about which there can be no mistake or doubt / permitting
light to pass through freely; easily detected
unequivocal clear, having one only possible meaning / plain; obvious
unerringly plain; obvious

dim
filmy
hazy slightly obscure; not clear; vague
murky
nebulous cloudy; hazy
opaque dark; not transparent
opaqueness
sooty
turbid muddy; having the sediment disturbed

abusive using insults and curses ; of wrong use / coarsely insulting; physically harmful
admonish blame or scold gently ; warn ; give advice to someone; warn: reprove
affront an open insult / insult someone openly and on purpose ; meet death face to face
anathema formal declaration of the church, excommunicating somebody or condemning something as evil;
solemn curse
anathematize curse
animadvert
arraign charge in court; indict
aspersion the act of sprinkle water ; slander; slanderous remark
assail assault
averse unwilling ; opposed / reluctant
berate scold sharply / scold strongly vt.to scold or rebuke severely
billingsgate vituperation; abusive language
blasphemous profane; impious
bluster (n. 1. Fitful noise and violence, as of a storm; violent winds; boisterousness. To the winds they set
Their corners, when with bluster to confound Sea, air, and shore. --Milton. 2. Noisy and violent or
threatening talk; noisy and boastful language. --L'Estrange. Syn: Noise; boisterousness; tumult; turbulence;
confusion; boasting; swaggering; bullying.
calumniate slander
calumny malicious misrepresentation; slander
castigation punishment; severe criticism
censorious critical
censure blame; criticize
chastise punish

21

chide scold
contemn regard with contempt; disregard
contempt scorn; disdain
contumely scornful insolence; insult
culpable blameworthy,deserving punishment; deserving blame
decry disparage
defamation harm that is given to one's reputation ; slander / harming a person's reputation
defame to slander
denigrate blacken
denounce condemn; criticize
deprecate (feel and express disapproval of; disapprove regretfully
deprecatory disapproving
derogatory tending to damage or take away from one's credit, etc. ; insulting; expressing a low opinion
despise scorn
detest
detraction slandering; aspersion
diatribe bitter scolding; invective
disapprobation disapproval; condemnation
disapproval
disdain contempt ; scorn / look on with contempt ; think it dishonorable to do something ; be too proud;
treat with scorn or contempt
disparage say that someone or something is of small value or importance ; speak ill of; belittle
epithet an expression which give a good description, eg. Sophocles, the wise one / descriptive word or
phrase
excoriate flay; abrade
execrable deserving hate ; abominable ; very bad
execrate ; curse; express abhorrence for
expletive (), (); interjection; profane oath
flak [], , / [] , ; ( )
, ( ) n.the fire of antiaircraft
guns / [Colloq.] strong, clamorous criticism, opposition, etc.
flay ; strip off skin; plunder
flout ,; reject; mock
fulminate ; thunder; explode
fulmination
gainsay deny
gibe mock
hireling ( ) one who serves for hire (usually contemptously)

22

hurl / < > (at) / ; (pitch) vt. to throw or fling with force or
violence / to cast down; overthrow / to utter vehemently [to hurl insults] vi. to throw or fling something / to
move with force or violence; rush
hypercritical / ; finding too much to criticize / excessively exacting
ignominy , , , 1 loss of one's reputation; shame and dishonor; infamy 2
disgraceful, shameful, or contemptible quality, behavior, or act
imprecate ; curse; pray that evil will befall
imprecation a curse
impugn [,,],; ; ; ,; attack by
argument or criticism,express doubt about a statement,act,quality,etc.; doubt; challenge; gainsay
imputation ; ; charge; repraoch
incriminate ; [] / , accuse of a crime ; say that someone is
guilty of wrongdoing
indignity , offensive or insulting treatment
invective ,; [pl]; abuse language ; curses ; violent expressions
inveigh ; denounce; utter censure or invective
libel ; defamation
libelous , , defamatory; injurious to the good name of a person
malediction ; curse ; prayer to God that someone or somthing may be destroyed, hurt, etc
malign ; , (), speak evil of; defame; to slander
maul
mock
mortify , ; ()(); cause someone to be
ashamed, humiliated, or hurt in his feelings ; discipline bodily passions or overcome bodily desires;
humiliate; punish the flesh
mudslinger ,
nauseate

, nausea ,

objurgate ; scold; rebuke severely


obloquy , ; , ; / ; bad words spoken of a person or thing ; ill repute ; disgrade /
slander; disgrace; infamy
opprobrium , ; ; / , the disgrace or infamy attached to conduct viewed as
grossly shameful ; scorn ; reproach / vilification
pan
peace monger
pejorative , having a deteriorating or depreciating effect on the meaning of a word
pelf ; stolen property; money or wealth in a contemptuous sense
rail , scold; rant
rate
rebuke ;
recrimination ; accusation made in return for one already made ; countercharge;
countercharges
remonstrate , , say or plead in protest, objection, complaints, etc.

23

reprehend
reprehensible ; deserving to be blamed; deserving blame
reprimand
reproach ,; (); ; ; blame; censure
reprobate ,; ; (), person hardened in sin, devoid of a
sense of decency
reprobation ; severe disapproval
reprove ; find fault with ; say sharp words to; censure; rebuke
revile , swear at, abuse; slander; vilify
scathe
slander ; defamation; utterance o false and malicious statements
slater 1. 2.
slight
slur
smear
sneer
sordid ,,, filthy; base; vile
spurn ,; reject; scorn
stigmatize ()... ; ; describe somebody scornfully; brand; mark as
wicked
stricture ; critical comments; severe and adverse criticism
tirade ; ; extended scolding; denunciation
traduce ; / say untrue or malicious things about ; slander / expose to slander
umbrage ; ; ; resentment; anger; sense of injury or insult
upbraid ; scold; reproach
vilifier
vilify slander
vituperate ,

//
abscond , / go away suddenly and hide / depart secretly and hide
abstruse ; ; ; ; deep in meaning ; difficult to understand; obscure:
profound: difficult to understand;recondite
arcane secret; mysterious
cache
clandestine ; secret
conclave private meeting
covert ; ; ; secret; hidden; implied

24

crabbed ; /; sour; peevish adj. peevish; morose; ill-tempered; cross / hard to


understand because intricate or complicated / hard to read or make out because cramped or irregular
[crabbed handwriting]
cryptic ; ; mysterious; hidden; secret
enigmatic ; obscure; puzzling
esoteric ; , known only to the chosen few
furtive stealthy
incognito , ; / , / ; concealed under a disguised identity ;
with an assumed name / with one's name, identity, etc. concealed / with identity concealed; using an
assumed name
inconspicuous
intricate ,; , complicated ; difficult to follow or understand
lurk
obscure ; ,; ; dark; vague; unclear; darken; make unclear
occult ,; ,,, hidden ; secret ; mysterious ; supernatural ; magical;
mysterious; secret; supernatural
privy ; ; secret; hidden; not public
profound ,,; ; deep; not superficial; complete
recondite ; ; ; abstruse; profound; secret
riddle
skulk ; ; move furtively and secretly
subterranean
surreptitious ,,, done,got made, etc.in a secret,stealthy way,clandestine

//
affected : artificial: pretended
apocryphal ,; ,; ; relating to the apocryphal ; not genuine;
not genuine; sham
artifice ; ; deception; trickery
astute ; wise; shrewd
beguile ; / ; ; cheat ; amuse / delude;
belie ; (,), ; ; give a wrong or untrue idea of ;
fail to justify or be equal to what is hoped for or promised; contradict; give a false impression
bilk 1 <> 2 < > 3 < > 4 , , ( )
vt. 1 to balk or thwart 2 to cheat or swindle; defraud 3 to get away without paying (a debt,
etc.) 4 to manage to get away from; elude [to bilk the police] n. 1 a bilking or being bilked; hoax 2 a person
who cheats; swindler
bogus ; counterfeit; not authentic
cajole ; coax; wheedle
calumny ; ; malicious misrepresentation; slander
charlatan ; ,, quack; pretender to knowledge
chicanery ; ; trickery

25

circumlocution ; roundabout way of speaking ; roundabout expression; indirect


or roundabout expression
cog tooth projecting from a wheel
concoct () ,; , prepare by mixing together ; invent a story, and
excuse, a plot, etc.; prepare by combining; make up in concert
contrived , forced; artificial; not spontaneous
cozen ; ; cheat; hoodwink; swindle
delude ; deceive ; mislead
delusion ; false belief; hallucination
delusive ; deceptive; raising vain hopes
devious ; going astray; erratic
disingenuous ; / insincere ; not straightforward / not naive; sophisticated
dissemble ; ; ; - hide one's feeling, intentions, etc. ; disguise; disguise;
pretend
dissimulate <<, >> ; / - ; hide one's feelings,
intentions, etc. by pretense ; pretend / conceal by feigning
dupe , , , n. a person easily tricked or fooled vt. to deceive by trickery; fool or
cheat SYN. cheat
duplicity
elusive ; ; evasive; baffling; hard to grasp
equivocate , / ; use vague expressions / lie; mislead;
attempt to conceal the truth
fabricate ; build; lie
factitious ; artificial; sham
fallacious ,; 1 containing a fallacy; erroneous [fallacious reasoning] 2 a) misleading or
deceptive b) causing disappointment; delusive
feint ; ; trick; shift; sham blow
finesse ; , delicate skill
forswear ; , perjure oneself ; give up doing or using something
fraudulent ; cheating; deceitful
furtive stealthy
gerrymander change voting district lines in order to favor a political party
gimmick
gouge tear out
guile , deceit; duplicity
guise , appearance; costume
hoax ; trick; practical joke; a trick
hoodwink ; deceive; delude
hypocritical pretending to be virtuous; deceiving
illusive deceiving
illusory , ; deceptive; not real

26

imposture assuming a false identity; masquerade


improbity dishonesty
insidious , ; ; , treacherous; stealthy; sly
inveigle ; lead astray; wheedle
legerdemain sleight of hand
mendacious ; lying; false
mendacity ,
molten <> , ; in a melted and therefore very hot state ; made of metal that has been
melted and cast
nonentity , ; / ; thing that does not really
exist or that exists only in the imagination ; unimportant person / nonexistence; person of no importance
perfidious , ; , / , faithless ; treacherous / basely false
perjury ,; the act of making a false statement after taking an oath to tell the truth ;
willful false statement; false testimony while under oath
pharisaical ; ; pertaining to the Pharisees; self-righteous;
hypocritical
ploy
pretentious , , , / , , ; claiming great merit or
importance / ostentatious; ambitious
pretext , / a false reason or motive put forth to hide the real one / excise
prevaricate , , / make untrue or partly untrue statements, try to evade
telling the whole truth / lie
quack ; charlatan; impostor
quibble , / ; / ; evasion of
the main point of an argument, attempt to escape giving an honest answer, by using a secondary or doubtful
meaning of a word or phrase / use quibbles ; argue about small points of differences / equivocate; play on
words
ruse ; trick; stratagem
serpentine () twisting and curving like snake; winding; twisting
shammer ,
shark 1. , , 2. , 3. ,
sharper , (swinddler),
short-changer ,
shrewd , clever; astute
skinner , , , ,
skullduggery dishonest behavior
sleight dexterity
specious , , ; seeming right or true, but not really so; seemingly
reasonable but incorrect
spieler , (barker), (swindler)
spurious ; false; counterfeit
stratagem ; deceptive scheme

27

studied
subterfuge ,; pretense; evasion
subtlety ; ; ; nicety; cunning; guile; delicacy
surreptitious ,,, done,got made, etc.in a secret,stealthy way,clandestine
swindle
tortuous ,,,; , ,; full of twists and
bends ; not straight forward, devious; winding; full of curves
twister ,
vulpine , ; / of or like a fox ; crafty
wangle wiggle out; fake
welsher () () , ,
wheedle ; ; cajole; coax; deceive by flattery
wily ; cunning; artful

/
botch ; , 1. A swelling on the skin; a large ulcerous affection; a boil;
an eruptive disease. [Obs. or Dial.] Botches and blains must all his flesh emboss. --Milton. 2. A patch put on,
or a part of a garment patched or mended in a clumsy manner. 3. Work done in a bungling manner; a
clumsy performance; a piece of work, or a place in work, marred in the doing, or not properly finished; a
bungle. To leave no rubs nor botches in the work. --Shak. an embarrassing mistake [syn: blunder, blooper,
bungle, foul-up, fuckup, flub, boner, boo-boo, misdoing] v : make a mess of, destroy or ruin [syn: fumble,
botch up, muff, blow, flub, screw up, ball up, blunder, spoil, muck up, bungle, fluff, bollix, bollix up, bollocks,
bollocks up, bobble, mishandle, louse up, foul up, mess up, fuck up]
bungle , , spoil by clumsy behavior
dismal ; adj. 1causing gloom or misery; depressing 2dark and gloomy; bleak; dreary
3depressed; miserable
doggerel poor verse
fumble vi., vt. 1 to search (for a thing) by feeling about awkwardly with the hands;
grope clumsily 2 to handle (a thing) clumsily or unskillfully; bungle 3 to lose one's grasp on (a football, etc.)
while trying to catch or hold it 4 to make (one's way) clumsily or by groping n. 1 the act or fact of fumbling
2 a football, etc. that has been fumbled
gauche ; clumsy; boorish; impolite; clumsy;awkward
inept ; ,,; , ; ; not suitable to the purpose ; wrong in
a foolish and awkward way; unsuited; absurd; incompetent
maladroit ; ; / ; not adroit ; clumsy ; tactless / bungling
parody (,),; ; , ;
writing intended to amuse by imitating the style of writing used by someone else ; weak
imitation / make a parody of; humorous imitation; travesty
uncouth <, > , , , / ; ; rough, awkward, not
cultured / outlandish; clumsy; boorish; rude in one's behavior

ballast ( ) heavy substance used to add stability or


weight

28

barge , (), ; (2 ) ; (houseboat); (() )


careen ; lurch; sway from side to side
caulk
figurehead
galley
hold
lurch
porthole
skiff
tugboat

armorclad
arsenal , n 1: all the weapons and equipment that a country has [syn: armory, armoury] 2: a
military structure where arms and ammunition and other military equipment are stored and training is given
in the use of arms [syn: armory, armoury] 3: a place where arms are manufactured [syn
bulwark ,; ,() earthwork or other strong defense; person who defends
cavalier ; ( ); (escort) () a. [ ]/ ,
(careless)/ (arrogant) vt.<> vi. [] gallant n. an armed
horseman; knight / a gallant or courteous gentleman, esp. one serving as a lady's escort/ [C-] a partisan of
Charles I of England in his struggles with Parliament (1641-1649); Royalist: opposed to Roundhead adj. [C-]
a) of the Cavaliers b) associated with the court of Charles I of England [Cavalier poets]/a) free and easy;
gay b) casual or indifferent toward matters of some importance c) haughty; arrogant; supercilious
cavalry
chivalrous ,,, ; ; <<>> / , ; of
<> the knights or the Middle Ages ; honorable ; courteous / coirteous; faithful; brave
chivalry
dagger
drawbridge
gauntlet leather glove
moat
motto
quiver
rampart , defensive mound of earth

/
cantankerous , /; ; ill humored; irritable/bad-tempered;
quarrelsome
choleric , hot-tempered/orig., bilious/ having or showing a quick temper or irascible nature
SYN. irritable

29

crabbed ; /; sour; peevish adj. peevish; morose; ill-tempered; cross / hard to


understand because intricate or complicated / hard to read or make out because cramped or irregular
[crabbed handwriting]
cranky , / , (eccentric); ; / < > ,
/ < > / adj. in poor condition; apt to operate poorly / irritable; cross /
queer; eccentric/ [Rare] full of turns; crooked/ Naut. liable to lurch or capsize; unsteady SYN. irritable
cross , , (irritable) (with); <> adj. lying or passing across or
through; transverse; crossing or crossed [cross street, cross ventilation] going counter; contrary; opposed
[at cross purposes] ill-tempered; cranky; irritable involving reciprocal actions, etc. of mixed variety or
breed; hybrid; crossbred [Archaic] causing harm; unfavorable
exasperate /< > vt. to irritate or annoy very much; make angry; vex
[Archaic] to intensify (a feeling, disease, etc.); aggravate SYN. irritate
fractious , , , irritable, peevish, bad-tempered / unruly
fretful , , (irritable); <> adj.tending to fret; irritable and
discontented; peevish
grate , / , / , , <>
irascible ; irritable; easily angered
nag , (at); , / < >
( ) nettle ; ;
peevish , , / , (cross) adj.hard to please; irritable; fretful;
cross/ showing ill humor or impatience, as a glance or remark
pester , , (vex), /, / [], vt.to annoy constantly or
repeatedly with petty irritations; bother; vex/[Obs.] to overcrowd; cram
petulant ; touchy; peevish
querulous ; fretful; whining adj.inclined to find fault; complaining / full of complaint;
peevish
splenetic ; ; spiteful; irritable; peevish
touchy ; , sensitive; irascible; sensitive; irritable
vex , , , , annoy;

/
dearth scarcity
deficiency
devoid ... ; / , completely without ; lacking
iota very small quantity
meager , scanty; inadequate
modicum limited quantity
myopia ;
nip
paucity scarcity
pinch ;; to press between one's fingers or another object
scant meager
scanty , / meager; insufficient

30

scarcity
scintilla ; , shred; least bit
soupcon , , ,; ; suggestion; hint; taste
whit ; smallest speck

//
clapper (, ) , , , 1. One who makes knickknacks, toys, etc. --Mortimer.
2. One of two or more pieces of bone or wood held loosely between the fingers, and struck together by
moving the hand; -- called also clapper. --Halliwell.
diffuse , adj. 1spread out or dispersed; not concentrated 2using more words than are needed;
long-winded; wordy vt., vi. 1to pour, spread out, or disperse in every direction; spread or scatter widely
2Physics to mix by diffusion, as gases, liquids, etc. SYN. wordy
discomfit ; ; ; frustrate the plans or expectations of ; make someone
uneasy or confused; put to rout; defeat; disconcert
garrulity talkativeness
garrulous ; loquacious; wordy
glib fluent; spoken easily but with little thought ; fluent
loquacious , talkative,fond of talking
magpie = newsmonger
prate ; speak foolishly; boast idly
prolix ; verbose; drawn out
prolixity ,
raconteur story-teller
rattlebrain ,
rattler
redundant ,; ; ; ; superfluous; superfluous; excessively
wordy; repetitious
screed long, tiresome harangue
verbiage , / , unnecessary words for the expression of an idea, etc. / pompous array
of words
verbose ; wordy
voluble ; , ; ; / loquacious ; able to talk very quickly and
easily ; fluent ; rotating / glib
wordy
yenta ( ) ,

cogitate think over


consider ;;; , to think deliberately about
contemplate
deliberate consider; ponder

31

meditation ; reflection; thought


mull
muse ponder
ponder
pore
ruminate ; chew the cud; ponder

//
adjunct ; ,; ,; bivouac temporary encampment
bout (with) ; () ; , brink ()
( rim ); ; [the ~] (verge). the edge of a high place
capricious ; flickle; incalculable
cursory (,); ; ; ; , quick ; hurried ;
done without attention to details; casual; hastily done
ephemeral ,; living for a very short time ; trasitory; short-lived; fleeting
evanescent ,,, tending to fade from sight ; soon going from the
memory ; ephemeral; fleeting; vanishing
fleeting
flit fly; dart lightly; pass swiftly by
improvise (,) ; make verse, music, etc. without preparationor plan ;
provide something roughly for an immediate need; compose on the spur of the moment
makeshift
meteoric , swift; momentarily brillrant
mirage ; , / an image of a distant object, often upside down, seen as if it were
near especially in the desert ; any illusion or hope that cannot be realized / unreal reflection; optical illusion
palliation ; act of making less severe or violent
perquisite , any gain above stipulated salary
provisional , tentative
reprieve ; , / ; /
secular ; ; worldly; not pertaining to church matters; temporal
sojourn temporary stay
stopgap
super , ( )
temporal , ; ; not lasting forever; limited by time; secular
tentative ; provisional; experimental
transient ; ,,,
transitoriness , , impermanence
waive , ; give up temporarily; yield

32

acquiescence ; submission; compliance


acquiescent , accepting passively
amenable ; readily managed; willing to be led
biddable
complaisant ; ; disposed to please ; polite ; complaint / trying to please;
obliging
compliance , / ; readiness to yield; conformity in fulfilling requirements
compliant , / ready or disposed to comply / yielding
conformity ; harmony; agreement
deference ,; , the act of obeying the judgment or opinion of another ; great respect;
courteous regard for another's wish
docile ,, easily trained or controlled; obedient; easily managed
ductile
insubordinate ; / , disobedient ; rebellious
lithe ; flexible; supple
malleable capable of being shaped by pounding
manageable
meek
obeisance ,,; ; deep bow of respect or homage ; homage ; obedience, submission
pliable ; () ; , easily bent,shaped,or twisted ; easily influenced ;
open to suggestion
pliant
recalcitrant , ; obstinately stubborn
resigned unresisting; patiently submissive
submissive
supple ; flexible; pliant
tractability ; []
unruly ; / , ; not easily controlled ; disorderly /
disobedient; lawless
yielding

artless , without guile; open and honest


artlessness , ;
cherubic , angelic; innocent-looking
guileless , without deceit
ingnue ; an artless girl; an actress who plays such parts
ingenuous , ; , frank ; open ; innocent ; natural; naive; young; unsophisticated
naive
naivet quality of being unsophisticated

33

unfeigned , ; genuine; real

/
disconsolate <<... >> ; ; ; unhappy at the loss of something ;
without comfort or hope ; sad ; gloomy
dolorous ; sorrowful
elegiacal ; like an elegy; mournful
funereal ; sad; solemn
grievous ; ; , creating affliction
lachrymose producing tears
lugubrious mournful
maudlin , effusively sentimental
mawkish ; sickening; insipid
plangent ; plaintive; resounding sadly
rheumy , pertaining to a discharge from nose and eyes
rueful ; ; regretful; sorrowful; dejected
snivel () run at the nose; snuffle; whine

/
affray , , public brawl
bedlam , ; ; [B~] (St. Mary of Bethlehem );
(madhouse) madhouse; [Archaic] any insane asylum ;any place or condition of noise and confusion
blare
blatant , loudly offensive
boisterous ; ; violent; rough; noisy
brouhaha , , , n 1: loud confused noise from many sources [syn: hubbub, uproar] 2:
a confused disturbance far greater than its cause merits
clamorous
clangor loud, resounding noise
commotion
deafening
din , continued loud noise
ferment ; ; , agitation; commotion
fluster confuse
fulminate ; thunder; explode
obstreperous ; boisterous; noisy
piercing
rambunctious
rattling

34

raucous harsh and shrill


scaremonger ,
sedition ,; , tumult, allegiance; resistance to authority; insubordination
seethe ; be disturbed; boil
squeaker ,
stentorian extremely loud
strident loud and harsh
tumult , commotion; riot; noise
tumultuous
turbulence , , , ; state of violent agitation
turbulent , ; , ; , , violent ; disorderly ;
uncontrolled
vociferous , , noisy,yelling; clamorous

//
assiduous ; working steadily, diligent ; eagerly attentive
chary , ; cautiously watchful
circumspect ; ; cautious ; well-considered; prudent; cautious
conscientious , , scrupulous; careful; carefou;honest
discreet ; judicious
discretion , ; ; ,<,, > / carefulness ; prudence ; freedom of
judgment, choice,or action / ability to adjust actions to circumstances
gingerly , very carefully
heed
judicious ,; ; showing or having good sense; wise; determined by sound
judgment
meticulous , excessively careful
precise , / exact
precision
prim ; very precise and formal; exceedingly proper
providence
prudent ,,; () acting only after careful thought or planning ; careful;
cautious; careful
punctilious ; , laying stress on niceties of conduct or form; precise
sagacious ; ; keen; shrewd; having insight
scrupulous ; , conscientious; extremely thorough
scrutinize ; examine closely and critically
stonewaller () ,
unobtrusive , ; / , not too obvious or easily
noticeable ; discreet / inconspicuous; not blatant

35

vigilance , , watchfulness, keeping watch


wary cautious; very cautious

misanthrope ; hater of mankind ; person who avoids society / one who hates
mankind
misanthropic , hating or distrusting mankind or human society
misanthropy hatred of mankind
misogamist
misogamy / hatred of marriage
misogynist hater of women
misologist ,
Negrophobe
xenophobe ()

/
affray , , public brawl
altercation ,, quarrel or noisy argument; wordy quarrel
bicker , ; quarrel; to quarrel vi. 1 to have a petty quarrel; squabble 2 to move with
quick, rippling noises [a bickering brook] 3 to flicker, twinkle, etc. n. 1 a petty quarrel 2 a rippling or
pattering sound
bout (with) ; () ; , n. 1 [Dial.] a going and
coming back again, as across a field in plowing; turn 2 a struggle; contest or match [a championship bout] 3
a period of time taken up by some activity, illness, etc.; spell [a bout of the flu, a bout of shopping]
duel
feud , ; ; , n.a bitter, long-continued, and deadly quarrel, esp. between
clans or families vi.to carry on a feud; quarrel n.land held from a feudal lord in return for service; fief
fracas ; brawl; melee
fray ; brawl
spat [](); [] n.[Rare] a slap/a quick, slapping sound/[Colloq.] a brief,
petty quarrel or dispute vi.1[Rare] to slap/to strike with a quick, slapping sound/[Colloq.] to engage in a
spat, or quarrel vt.[Rare] to slap SYN. quarrel
squabble ( ) , /< > /() , vi.to quarrel
noisily over a small matter; wrangle n.a noisy, petty quarrel or dispute; wrangle SYN. quarrel2
strife ;
vendetta ; , feud; private warfare
wrangle , / / , such an argument / take part in a noisy or angry
argument / quarrel; obtain through arguing; herd cattle

adulation , flattery: admiration


blandishment flattery

36

cajole ; coax; wheedle


court
creep
cringe , shrink back, as if in fear
cringing
crouch
encomiastic ; praising; eulogistic
fawning courting favor by cringing and flattering
flattery
fulsome ( ) disgustingly excessive
grovel ; crawl or creep on ground; remain prostrate
incense , enrage; infuriate
indomitable ; , / ; unyielding ; that cannot be
subdued or conquered / unconquerable
ingratiate , , bring oneself into favor,especially in order to gain an
advantage ; flatter; become popular with
lackey ; footman; toady
obsequious ,; ; too eager to obey or advantage ; showing excessive respect
from hope of reward or advantage; slavishly attentive; servile; sycophantic
parasite , ; , / ; animal or plant living on or in another and getting its
food from it ; person supported by another and giving him nothing in return / animal or plant living on
another; toady; sycophant
sequacious ; eager to follow; ductile
servile , ; ; ,; ; of or like a slave ; lacking in the
spirit of independence ; obsequious; slavish; cringing
snob , ,
spaniel ( ), ,
subjection
subservient ; , / ; useful as a means to a purpose ;
giving ot much respect to / behaving like a slave; servile; obsequious
succumb ; [,],; give way to ; yield to temptation,flattery, etc. ; die;
yield; give in; die
sycophant a servile flatterer, especially of those in authority or influence
sycophantic ; servilely flattering
toady , () flatter for favors
truckle ; curry favor; act in an obsequious way
tuft hunter ,
unctuous ; ; , oily; bland; insincerely suave
wheedle ; ; cajole; coax; deceive by flattery

37

arrant ; ; ;; 1 that is plainly such; out-and-out; notorious [an


arrant fool] 2 obs. sp. of errant (sense 1)
flagrant conspicuously wicked
infamous ; ; ; ; disgraceful ; having a bad reputation ; wicked;
notoriously bad
notorious ( ),, widly known for something bad; outstandingly bad; unfavorably
known
outrageous
reprehensible ; deserving to be blamed; deserving blame

//
abhor ... ; hate something very much; detest utterly; loathe; abominate ; to regard
with extreme repugnance or aversion
anathema ,; formal declaration of the church, excommunicating somebody or
condemning something as evil; solemn curse
animosity (),,; strong dislike or active enmity
animus hostile feeling or intent
antagonism , , , active resistance
antipathy , ; ; strong and decided dislike; aversion; dislike
aversion , firm dislike
baleful ; ; ,, deadly; destructive 1 harmful or threatening harm or evil;
ominous; deadly 2 [Archaic] sorrowful; wretched SYN. sinister
calumny ; ; malicious misrepresentation; slander
contentious ,; quarrelsome
distant , () reserved or aloof; cold in manner
enmity ; ; [ pl] , condition of being an enemy ; hatred ; particular feeling of
hostility or hatred; ill will; hatred
execrate ; curse; express abhorrence for
gall , / , bitterness; nerve / annoy; chafe
grudging unwilling; reluctant; stingy
inimical , ; hostile ; harmful; unfriendly; hostile
malevolent ; , wishing to do evil or cause harm to others ; spiteful /
wishing evil
malicious ; dictated by hatred or spite
malignant , ; <> , , / ; filled with a desire to hurt ;
harmful to life, violent / having an evil influence; virulent
odious hateful
rancor ; ; ; bitterness; hatred
repugnance loathing
revulsion ; ; , sudden violent change of feeling; reaction
venomous

38

vidictive
virulent , extremely poisonous
wanton , ; ; , unruly; unchaste; excessive

/
acerbic (),; (, ), adj 1: sour or bitter in taste [syn: acerb, astringent, sharp]
2: harsh or corrosive in tone; "an acerbic tone piercing otherwise flowery prose"; "a barrage of acid
comments"; "her acrid remarks make her many enemies"; "bitter words"; "blistering criticism"; "caustic
jokes about political assassination, talk-show hosts and medical ethics"; "a sulfurous denunciation" [syn:
acerb, acid, acrid, bitter, blistering, caustic, sulfurous, sulphurous, venomous, virulent, vitriolic]
adjuration , , , solemn urging 1. The act of adjuring; a solemn charging on oath, or
under the penalty of a curse; an earnest appeal. What an accusation could not effect, an adjuration shall.
--Bp. Hall. 2. The form of oath or appeal. a solemn appeal whereby one person imposes on another the
obligation of speaking or acting as if under an oath (1 Sam. 14:24; Josh. 6:26; 1 Kings 22:16). We have in
the New Testament a striking example of this (Matt. 26:63; Mark 5:7), where the high priest calls upon
Christ to avow his true character. It would seem that in such a case the person so adjured could not refuse
to give an answer. The word "adjure", I.e., cause to swear is used with reference to the casting out of
demons (Acts 19:13).
astringent ; ; binding; cuasing contraction
austere ; strict; stern
bleak ; / ; ; cold; cheerless; cold and bare cheerless
dour ; sullen; stubborn
exacting , extremely demanding
feral
ferocious
fiendish
grim
grueling exhausting
implacable , ; ; / ; that cannot be appeased ;
relentless / incapable of being pacified
inclement ; stormy; unkind
inexorable ,,; that cannot be moved or influenced by persuasion or entreaty ;
unyielding; relentless; unyielding; implacable
insensate without feeling
obdurate , stubborn, obstinate, inflexible
ossify , change or harden into bone
outrageous
pitiless
regal , ; ,, / of a king,royal ; characteristic of a
king,splendid,stately,magnificent,etc.
relentless ,, without pity:cruel:harsh
rigorous uncompromising
ruthless pitiless

39

severity , ; , harshness; plainness


sobersides ,
taut , ; () , tight; ready
truculence , aggressiveness; ferocity
wanton , ; ; , unruly; unchaste; excessive

address ,; ; direct a speech to; deal with or discuss


diatribe ; ; , bitter scolding; invective
harangue , noisy speech
impromptu ; [,]; ,(); ; improvisation ; an promptu
speech,performance,etc. / without preparation or advance thought; without previous preparation
orator ,
peroration conclusion of an oration
speechifier (, )
speechmaker ,
stump orator ()
tirade ; ; extended scolding; denunciation

ebullient ; ; ; bubbling, boiling ; overflowing with enthusiaism,high spirits,


etc. ; exuberant; showing excitement; overflowing with enthusiasm
fanatic ; a religious zealot
fanaticism excessive zeal
freak
rabid ; like a fanatic; furious
rhapsodize to speak or write in an exaggeratedly enthusiastic manner
zealot ; fanatic; person who shows excessive zeal; an eager,enthusi- astic
person;a fan- atic

adamant , hard: inflexible n. [OE. adamaunt, adamant, diamond, magnet, OF. adamant,
L. adamas, adamantis, the hardest metal, fr. Gr. 'ada`mas, -antos; 'a priv. + dama^,n to tame, subdue. In
OE., from confusion with L. adamare to love, be attached to, the word meant also magnet, as in OF. and LL.
See Diamond, Tame.] 1. A stone imagined by some to be of impenetrable hardness; a name given to the
diamond and other substances of extreme hardness; but in modern mineralogy it has no technical
signification. It is now a rhetorical or poetical name for the embodiment of impenetrable hardness. Opposed
the rocky orb Of tenfold adamant, his ample shield. --Milton. 2. Lodestone; magnet. [Obs.] ``A great
adamant of acquaintance.'' --Bacon. As true to thee as steel to adamant. --Greene.
angular , ; sharp-cornered; stiff in manner
bigotry stubborn intolerance
contumacious ; / resisting authority ; obstinate and disobedient

40

crabbed ; /; sour; peevish adj. peevish; morose; ill-tempered; cross / hard to


understand because intricate or complicated / hard to read or make out because cramped or irregular
[crabbed handwriting]
dogged , not giving in readily; persistent; stubborn
dogmatic ; ; positive; arbitrary
dour ; sullen; stubborn
forward ; ; disobedient; perverse; stubborn
headstrong , , adj. determined not to follow orders, advice, etc. but to do as one
pleases; self-willed / showing such determination [headstrong desire]
impenetrable ; not able to be pierced or entered; beyond understanding
incorrigible (, ) ,, that cannt be corrected, improved, or
reformed because firmly established as a bad habit; uncorrectable
indomitable ; , / ; unyielding ; that cannot be
subdued or conquered / unconquerable
inexorable ,,; that cannot be moved or influenced by persuasion or entreaty ;
unyielding; relentless; unyielding; implacable
insubordinate ; / , disobedient ; rebellious
integrity , ; / ; / quality of being honest and upright in character ; state or
condition of being complete / wholeness; purity; uprightness
intractable ,; , ; unruly or stubborn ; not easily controlled
or dealt with; unruly; refractory
mulish ; like or characteristic of a mule; stubborn, obstinate, balky, etc.
obdurate , stubborn, obstinate, inflexible
obstinacy stubborn adherence to opinion, arising from conceit or the desire to have one's own way
obstinate / ; stubborn; stubborn; unyielding
pertinacious , , ; ; not easily giving up what has been started ;
unyielding ; determined / stubborn; persistent
perverse ,, ; willfully continuing in wrongdoing ; willfully choosing a wrong
course; stubborn; intractable
perversity stubborn maintenance of a wrong cause
probity <<>>, , , / ; uprightness of character, integrity, sincerity / incorruptibility
rabid ; like a fanatic; furious
recalcitrant , ; obstinately stubborn
refractory , ,; (),; , resisting control,
discipline, etc. wilful ; not yielding to treatment ; hard to melt, fuse or work; stubborn; unmanageable
stalwart ; ; strong, brawny; steadfast
staunch , ; , , (steadfast)
stiff neck ,
tenacious , , holding fast
tenacity ; ; , firmness; persistency; adhesiveness
unbridled violent

41

unflinching , , (unyielding); (resolute) not flinching, yielding, or


shrinking; steadfast; resolute
untoward , ; , , unfortunate; annoying
willful ,; intentional; headstrong

allay : calm: pacify


alleviate (,),; make pain or suffering less or easier to bear; relieve
anodyne drug that relieves pain; opiate
appease ,; (); ,; quiet an angry person, etc. ; satisfy
in appetite ; yield to the demands of someone; pacify; soothe
assuage ; ; , ease; lessen pain
bate , ; let down; restrain
conciliate ,; pacify; win over
curtail shorten; reduce
deplete ; ; ; empty until little or none remains ; use up ; exhaust; reduce;
exhaust
emollient ; soothing or softening remedy
extenuate , / make wrongdoing less serious by finding an excuse /
weaken; mitigate
extenuating
impair ; <<, , >>, / ; damage ; make worse or less,
weaker / worsen; diminish in value
lenitive
lighten
lull , moment of calm
mitigate ; appease
mollify ,; soothe
muffle
pacify ,, calm and quieted, end violence in
palliation ; act of making less severe or violent
placate ,, soothe ; pacify; pacify; conciliate
propitiate , , / ; / do something to take away the anger of /
appease
relieve
remit
retrench <> , ; / cut down expenses ; make economies / economize
slacken ; slow up; loosen
soothe
temper , ; / restrain; blend; toughen

42

unmitigated , / ; ; complete, absolute / harsh; severe; not lightened


wheedle ; ; cajole; coax; deceive by flattery

chivalrous ,,, ; ; <<>> / , ; of


<> the knights or the Middle Ages ; honorable ; courteous / coirteous; faithful; brave
dauntless ; bold
doughty courageous
fortitude / ; calm courage in the face of pain, danger, or difficulty / bravery;
gamely plucky

/
audacious daring; bold; bold daring
chivalrous ,,, ; ; <<>> / , ; of
<> the knights or the Middle Ages ; honorable ; courteous / coirteous; faithful; brave
daring
dashing
dauntless ; bold
foolhardy rash
forward
gallant
imprudent lacking caution; injudicious
lion-hearted
mettlesome
plucky
rash
reckless
unabashed
undismayed
valiant
valorous

absolution
absolve ,... declare someone free from guilt or punishment; pardon an offense;to
grant pardon for
acquit ; ; set someone free from a charge of crime or from duty ; behave ;
conduct
amnesty ,,; a general pardon especially for political offenses against a government
condone , overlook or forgive an offence; overlook; forgive

43

countenance ,,,; ,; ,,,; ,; ,


face, including its appearance and expression ; support / give support, approval, or
encouragement to; approve; tolerate
discharge
dismissal
emancipate (); ; set free a slave, etc. ; release from bondage,
servitude, or serfdom
enfranchise to admit to the rights of citizenship(especially the right to vote)
exculpate clear from blame
exempt ; ; free, clear, or released, as from some liability, or restriction affecting others
exonerate ; ; ; relieve of a burden, obligation, etc. ; free from a charge
or the imputation of guilt, exculpate; acquit; exculpate
immune ; exempt
manumit ; emancipate; free from bondage
pardoner ,
remission temporary diminution of a disease
remit
reprieve ; , / ; / postponement or remission
of punishment, especially by death ; delay or respite / postpone or delay punishment ; give relief for a short
time from danger, trouble, etc. / temporary stay
unfetter
unshackle
venial ; forgivable; trivial

/
downcast , 1 directed downward 2 very unhappy or discouraged; sad; dejected
facetious ; humorous; jocular
farcical , ,
jocose giving to joking
ludicrous ; laughable; trifling
malapropism comic misuse of a word
waggish ; ; mischievous; humorous; tricky

/
circuitous ; going a long way; roundabout
circumlocution ; roundabout way of speaking ; roundabout expression; indirect
or roundabout expression
devious ; going astray; erratic
tortuous ,,,; , ,; full of twists and
bends ; not straight forward, devious; winding; full of curves

44

/
allure , entice; attract
bait , , <> , , ; , harass; tease 1
a) to set attacking dogs against [people formerly baited chained bears for sport] b) to attack as such dogs
do 2 to torment or harass with unprovoked, vicious, repeated attacks 3 to tease or goad, esp. so as to
provoke a reaction 4 to put food, etc. on (a hook or trap) to lure animals or fish 5 to lure; tempt; entice 6
[Archaic] to feed (animals) during a break in a journey vi. [Archaic] to stop for food during a journey n. [ON
beita, lure, fish bait] 1 food, etc. put on a hook or trap to lure fish or animals 2 anything used as a lure;
enticement
blandish
coax
debauch ; ; , corrupt; make intemperate
decoy ; lure or bait
entice , lure; attract; tempt; to attract to rure
incentive , , ; ,; , that which incites, rouses, or encourages a person /
spur; motive
incubate ; hatch; scheme
inveigle ; lead astray; wheedle
wheedle ; ; cajole; coax; deceive by flattery

carnal fleshly
corporeal ; bodily; material
embody [,]; ; [] give form to ideas,feelings,etc. ; include,
comprise ; clothe a spirit with a body
somatic ; pertaining to the body; physical

/
amorous , moved by sexual love; loving
bawdy
carnal fleshly
debauch ; ; , corrupt; make intemperate
debauchery ; n. 1extreme indulgence of one's appetites, esp. for sensual pleasure; dissipation
2[pl.] orgies 3[Archaic] a leading astray morally
dissipated
dissolute loose in morals
hedonism belief that pleasure is the chief good; belief that pleasure is the sole aim in life
incontinent ; , lacking self-restraint; licentious
lascivious lustful
lecherous ; ; impure in thought and act; lustful; unchaste
lechery ; gross lewdness; lustfulness

45

lewd , , lustful
libertine ; debauched person; roue
libidinous , , lustful
libido ; emotional urges behind human activity
licentious ; ; wanton; lewd; dissolute
lustful
obscene
prodigal ,; ; wasteful ; too free in giving or spending ; abundant; wasteful;
reckless with money
prodigality ,
profligacy , shameless viciousness
profligate ,; , ; ( ), profligate person / shamelessly
immoral ; reckless, extravagant; dissipated; wasteful; licentious
promiscuous ; ; , , mixed indiscriminately; haphazard; irregular
prurient based on lascivious thoughts
rakehell
ribald ; ,, wanton; profane
salacious , lascivious; lustful
spendthrift , ,
sybarite , lover of luxury
voluptuary ,
voluptuous ; gratifying the senses
wanton , ; ; , unruly; unchaste; excessive

anesthetist
cardiologist
chiropodist one who treats disorders of the feet
dermatologist one who studies the skin and its diseases
endocrinologist
gynecologist
obstetrician
oncologist
ophthalmologist
orthopedist
podiatrist () doctor who treats ailments of the feet
psychiatrist expert in the treatment of mental illness / a doctor who treats mental diseases

46

accord ,,,; ,; ; the state of being in agreement or harmony;


be in agreement or harmony ; give,grant to agree; to be in harmony; to grant or bestow
coincident occurring at the same time
compatible ; ; ; ; in accord with ; able to live together in
harmony ; suited to; harmonious; in harmony with
concord ,; ,; agreement or harmony between persons or things
concur , ; ; agree, be in harmony ; happen at the same time ; work
together
conformity ; harmony; agreement
congruence (); correspondence of parts; harmonious relationship
consensus ,; general agreement of opinion, feeling, etc. ; collective opinion
consonance , harmony; agreement
consort ;; associate with
harmonize
jibe vi. 1to shift from one side of a ship to the other when the stern passes across a following or
quartering wind: said of a fore-and-aft sail or its boom 2to change the course of a ship so that the sails shift
thus: cf. tack (vi. 1a) 3[Colloq.] to be in harmony, agreement, or accord [accounts that don't jibe] vt. Naut.
to cause to jibe n. an act of jibing
parallel ; to cause to correspond or lie in the same direction and equidistant in all parts
reconcile ; make friendly after quarrel; correct inconsistencies; to settle on friendly
terms
solidarity ,
symmetry , , / ; a balanced arrangement in size and form /
arrangement of parts so that balance is obtained; congruity
unanimity complete agreement or unity
unison , / ; concord or agreement / unity of pitch; complete accord

/
adept ; / , / a person with great skill ; expert / highly skilled / expert at
adroit ,, clever, skillful, ingenious or resourceful when dealing with problems
agile
ambidextrous ; / able to use the left hand or the right equally well ;
unusually skillful / capable of using either hand with equal ease
astute ; wise; shrewd
deft neat; skillful
dexterous skillful
finesse ; , delicate skill
ingenious , / ; ; clever
manipulate <> , ; , / / ; operate or
handle with skill ; manage or control somebody or something skillfully or craftily / operate with the hands
proficient ,,; , a person who has skill in special thing / skilled
sleight dexterity

47

/
diatribe ; ; , bitter scolding; invective
harangue , noisy speech
tirade ; ; extended scolding; denunciation

anathema ,; formal declaration of the church, excommunicating somebody or


condemning something as evil; solemn curse
anathematize curse
execrable ; ; / deserving hate ; abominable ; very bad
execrate ; curse; express abhorrence for
imprecate ; curse; pray that evil will befall
imprecation a curse
invective ,; [pl]; abuse language ; curses ; violent expressions
malediction ; curse ; prayer to God that someone or somthing may be destroyed, hurt, etc

/
adversary , opponent; enemy
antagonist
assailant
defier
foe
saboteur
traducer
villain

/
artless , without guile; open and honest
candid straightforward
candor ,; , quality of being candid, saying freely what one thinks; frankness
forthright ; with directness
guileless , without deceit
ingenuous , ; , frank ; open ; innocent ; natural; naive; young; unsophisticated
outspoken
probity <<>>, , , / ; uprightness of character, integrity, sincerity / incorruptibility
rectitude , honesty, upright or straight forward behavior / uprightness
tortuous ,,,; , ,; full of twists and
bends ; not straight forward, devious; winding; full of curves

48

transparent , ; , / allowing light to pass through ; about which there can be no


mistake or doubt / permitting light to pass through freely; easily detected
veracious , truthful
veracity truthfulness

adore
apotheosize
chivalrous ,,, ; ; <<>> / , ; of
<> the knights or the Middle Ages ; honorable ; courteous / courteous; faithful; brave
dais , , raised platform for guests of honor
defer
deference ,; , the act of obeying the judgment or opinion of another ; great respect;
courteous regard for another's wish
deify , turn into a god; idolize
esteem , / (); respect; value; judge; a favorable opinion ;respect
estimable worthy of respect
homage , honor; tribute
idolatrize
idolatry ; worship of idols; excessive admiration
idolize
obeisance ,,; ; deep bow of respect or homage ; homage ; obedience, submission
revere to regard with worshipful veneration
reverent respectful
tribute ; / ; tax levied by a ruler; mark of respect
venerable deserving high respect
venerate , revere
veneration ; ,

//
adhere <> ; <> ; / / ; ; stick fast to ;
support firmly ; remain faithful
adherent ,; supporter;follower
aegis ; (Zeus Athena ) shield; defense
alimony () payment by a husband to his divorced wife
ancillary ; serving as an aid or accessory; auxiliary
asylum , place of refuge or shelter; protection
auspices , , kindly endorsement and guidance; "the tournament was held under the auspices of
the city council" [syn: protection, aegis]

49

benefactor (,, ); person who has given financial help to a school, hospital, or
charitable institution; gift over; patron
bolster ; support; prop up n. 1 a long, narrow cushion or pillow 2 a soft pad for easing
pressure on any part of the body 3 any bolsterlike object or support; specif., a) a capping piece over a post
to extend the bearing area under a beam b) the connecting part between the volutes of an Ionic capital vt.
to prop up as with a bolster; support, strengthen, or reinforce: often with up
boost , ; () ( ) , ; ( ) () vt. 1
to raise by or as by a push from behind or below; push up 2 to urge others to support; promote [to boost a
program] 3 to make higher or greater; increase in amount, power, etc. [to boost taxes, boost electric
current] n. 1 a push to help propel a person or thing upward or forward 2 an act that helps or promotes 3 an
increase in amount, power, etc. SYN. lift
brace
bulwark ,; ,() earthwork or other strong defense; person who defends
buttress support or prop
champion , support militantly
constituency ; ; , ; the inhabitants or voters in a district represented in a
legislative body
countenance ,,,; ,; ,,,; ,; ,
face, including its appearance and expression ; support / give support, approval, or
encouragement to; approve; tolerate
crutch
duenna , ; attendant of young female; chaperone
endorse ; ; , approve; support
espouse , adopt; support
girder
guy
haven
patronize support; act superior toward
peg
pillar
prop
proponent ,, person who proposes something; person who supports or proposes (an idea)
rampart , defensive mound of earth
sanctuary
seconder , ,
skid
splice
stave
stay
strut / , pompous walk / supporting bar
substantiate ,; verify; support
tutelage ; , guardianship; training

50

tutelary ,; protective; pertaining to a guardianship

/
banal ; ; commonplace ; trite; hackneyed; commonplace; trite
banality a trite or obvious remark [syn: platitude, cliche, commonplace, bromide] Something
commonplace, hackneyed, or trivial; the commonplace, in speech. The highest things were thus brought
down to the banalities of discourse. --J. Morley.
bromide , , n. A person who is conventional and commonplace in his
habits of thought and conversation.
clich ; phrase dulled in meaning by repetition
hackneyed , commonplace; trite
humdrum ; , dull; monotonous
mediocre ; ordinary; commonplace
mundane ,; , worldly ; dull, ordinary; worldly as opposed to spiritual
pedestrian ,; ordinary; unimaginative
platitude , ,; trite remark; commonplace statement
plebeian ; common; pertaining to the common people
prosaic ,; commonplace; dull
quotidian ;
second-rater 2 , ,
stereotyped ; fixed and unvarying representation
stock , ; ,,
trite ; hackneyed; commonplace

/
aperture ; opening; hole
debutante young woman making formal entrance into society
embark , , commence; go on board a boat; begin a joumey
gambit ; , opening in chess in which a piece is sacrificed
genesis ,,; beginning, starting point ; the first book of the Old Testament; beginning;
origin
inaugurate ,; begin formally; install in office
inchoate ; ; recently begun; rudimentary; elementary
incipient ; ; beginning; in an early stage
initiate / ; begin; originate; receive into a group; to start; to begin
instigate ; ...; ; ; incite ; goad someone to do something;
urge; start; provoke
overture ,; , musical composition played as an introduction to an opera or as a
separate item at a concert ; approach made with the aim of starting discussions
preamble [ ], introduction or preliminary statement, especially to a formal statememt /
introductory statement

51

preface
preliminary
prelude ; ; ; ; introduction; forerunner
threshold , ; ,
toddler ( , ),

/
abrogate
annul ; ; / destroy the effect of a law, etc. ; do away with ; cancel /
make void
countermand , / / taking back / cancel an order by issuing a contrary order /
revoke
invalidate / , ; , , make invalid / weaken; destroy
nullify , to make invalid
recant ,( ) withdraw or renounce beliefs, statement, etc. in a formal or
public manner; repudiate; withdraw previous statement
renege , / , , deny; go back on
repeal
rescind , , repeal, annul, or cancel a law, contract, etc.
rescission ; abrogation; annulment
retract
retraction withdrawal
revoke
vitiate , ; spoil the effect of; make inoperative
voider , ,

/
abecedarian
apprentice
callow ; unfledged; youthful
coltish ; adj. of or like a colt; esp., frisky, frolicsome, etc.
fledgling ; ,; , young bird just able to fly ; young
inexperienced person
inchoate ; ; recently begun; rudimentary; elementary
infantile , childish; infant-like
neophyte ,,, person who has newly been converted to some belief or religion ;
beginner; recent convert; beginner
nonage immaturity
novice beginner
probationer

52

rookie
rudimentary ; not developed; elementary
sophomoric ; immature; shallow
toddler ( , ),
tyro ; beginner; novice; a beginner
unfledged , immature

/
accelerate ; ; / make something move faster, speed up ; make
something happen or come sooner ; increase in speed
catalyze v : change by catalysis or cause to catalyze; of chemical compounds
expedite hasten
expedite ,; () ; help the progress of ; speed up business, etc.
facilitate ; make less difficult
foment ; ; stir up; instigate
foster ; rear; encourage
precipitate ; , ; ; throw headlong; hasten; headlong; rash

acclaim ,; , the act of doing this / welcome someone with praise, joy, and applause
along with loud shouts; applaud; announce with great approval
accolade (); ; ; ; , bestowed of a knighthood by a tap on the shoulder
with the flat of a sword ; praise ; approval; award of merit
adulate To flatter in a servile way. flatter in an obsequious manner
apotheosize
commend
compliment
clat ; ; brilliance; glory
encomiastic
encomium , very high praise / eulogy
eulogistic , / giving or containing high praise / praising
eulogy ,, tribute ; high praise
exalt (,,,, ); make higher in status, power, dignity, honor, wealth, etc. ;
praise highly
extol , praise highly; praise; glorify
glorify
kudos
laud to praise
laudable praiseworthy; commendable
paean ; song of praise or joy

53

panegyric ; (,) ; a formal speech or writing praising a person or event ;


high or hyperbolic praise, laudation; formal praise
plaudit
laudatory ; approving; applauding
proclaim ,,; ,; make known publicly or officially ; reveal, show
rave , ,(, )
tout ,; ; publicize; praise excessively
tribute ; / ; tax levied by a ruler; mark of respect
vaunted ; ; boasted; bragged; highly publicized

/
acquisitive , eager to get and keep as one's own
avarice greediness for wealth
avid ; - ; greedy; eager for
covetous ; avaricious; eagerly desirous of
cupidity greed
gluttonous , , greedy for food
insatiable ,, that cannot be satisfied ; very greedy; not easily satisfied;
greedy
rapacious ; ; excessively grasping; plundering
ravenous
shark 1. , , 2. , 3. ,
sordid ,,, filthy; base; vile
voracious ,; , devouring or eager to devour large quantities
of food ; very greedy or eager in some desire or pursuit ; insatiable; ravenous

/
crystalline
diaphanous <, > , / << >> / ;
transparent, translucent / sheer;
limpid ; clear
lucid ,; ; , clear ; lucent; bright; easily understood
pellucid ; ; transparent; limpid; easy to understand
translucent , , partly transparent
transparent , ; , / allowing light to pass through ; about which there can be no
mistake or doubt / permitting light to pass through freely; easily detected

captious , , / finding fault or making protests especially about


unimportant points / faultfinding

54

carp
cavil , make frivolous objections
censorious , critical
nitpick , [] , , , ~er n.
querulous ; fretful; whining adj. inclined to find fault; complaining / full of complaint;
peevish

/
aperture ; opening; hole
breach ; ; ; ; , breaking of contract or duty; fissure; gap
cleft split
cloven , split
crevice ; crack; fissure
fissure crevice
hiatus ; gap; pause
interim ; meantime
interstices ; chinks; crevices
rift ; opening; break

//
aplomb , , poise
composed , , calm; tranquil; self-possessed
equable ; ; tranquil; steady; uniform
equanimity (,), calmness of mind or temper; calmness of temperament
equilibrium (), / ; ; balance
halcyon ,; calm; peaceful
imperturbable ; , / ; not capable of being excited ; calm / placid
placid ; peaceful; calm
quell ; ; put down; quiet
quietude tranquillity
repose ,,,; ,,,; rest ; sleep ; calmness ; quietness / lie
down to rest ; rest in death or a grave ; be based on
serenity ; calmness; placidity
tranquility ; calmness; peace

/
avert (, ),; ... ; , turn away,turn aside ; avoid ; prevent; prevent;
turn away
dodge

55

elusive ; ; evasive; baffling; hard to grasp


elusory ; , tending to deceive expectations; elusive
eschew avoid
evade
evasive , ,; not frank; eluding
parry ; ward off a blow
shirk
shun a condition of abnormal drowsiness or torpor ; a great lack of energy ; being uninterested
temporize (,, ); ,; delay making a
decision, giving an answer, stating one's purpose etc. ; act so as to gain time; avoid committing oneself;
gain time
welsher () () , ,

acoustics science of sound: quality that makes a room easy or hard to hear in
agronomist scientist engaged in the management of land
alchemy () medieval chemistry
anthropologist a student of the history and science of mankind
archaeology study of artifacts and relics of early mankind
astronomical , , / enormously large or extensive
demographic related to population balance
demography the statistical science dealing with the distribution, density, vital statistics, etc. of
human populations
dissertation ; formal essay
divine ,; ,; () foresee / of God ; given or inspired by God ; theolegian
eclectic ; ; N. , selecting from various systems, doctrines, or
sources ; composed of material gathered from various sources, systems, etc. ; a person who uses eclectic
methods in philosophy, science, or art; selective; composed of elements drawn from disparate sources
ecologist a person concerned with the interrelationship between living organisms and their
environment
entomology study of insects
erudite ; ; ; having or showing a wide knowledge gained from reading ; learned;
learned; scholarly
erudition ; high degree of knowledge and learning
ethics , science of morals
ethnology study of man
etymology study of derivation, structure and development of words
eugenic pertaining to the improvement of race
ichthyology study of fish
Joviologist
jurisprudence science of law

56

jurisprudent ,
jurist
linguistic pertaining to language
magus ,
metaphysical , of metaphysics, based on abstract reasoning / pertaining to speculative
philosophy
meteorologist
neologist , []
neuropathologist
neuropharmacologist
nomenclator ( ) ; ( )
oceanographer
oceanologist
oncologist
ontologist
oology
ophiologist
opsimath
ornithologist scientific student of birds
ornithology study of birds
orthoepist
orthographer
osteologist
otologist
paleontology study of prehistoric life
paranormal ,
pastiche ,, imitation of another's style in musical composition or in writing
pathological , pertaining to disease
pathologist
pathology science of diseases
pedagogue ; teacher; dull and formal teacher
pedagogy , teaching; art of education
pedant , scholar who overemphasizes book learning or
technicalities
pedantic ; showing off learning; bookish
penologist ( , )
pensioner , ,()
philology study of the development of language, or of particular languages / study of language
physiognomy ; face

57

physiological pertaining to the science of the function of living organisms


pluralism ();
propound , put forth for analysis
provost 1. , (superintendent) 2. () () 3()
psychiater/psychiatrist
pundit ; ; learned Hindu; any learned man; authority on a subject
radiotherapist ,
rector , ,
rheologist
rhetor ,
rhetoric ; art of effective communication; insincere language
rhetorical ; pertaining to effective communication; insincere in language
rhetorician ,
rheumatologist
rhinologist
sadist
satire ; use of ridicule, irony, or sarcasm to expose folly, vice, etc.
savant , scholar
scholiast (), , ()
sciolism ; quackery; superficial information
sciolist ,
sectarian , , , () narrow-minded; limited in scope
seismograper
seminarist 1. , . 2.
sinologist
sizar , ,
sociologist
sophist ; ; teacher of philosophy; quibbler; employer of fallacious
reasoning
sophister 2, 3 ,
stargazer , ,
statist=statistician ()
systematist , , ,
taxonomist specialist in classifying (animals, etc.)
tenable ( ),(, ) ; (, ) that can be
defended successfully ; that can be held by someone for a time
tenure < > , < > / ; , holding political office / holding of
an office; time during which such an office is held
terminology terms used in a science or art

58

theologian
theology formal study of the nature of God and of the foundations of religious belief
theosophy , wisdom in divine things
tuft ,
Uber-mensch
volcaist

/
auspicious ,,, showing signs or promising good fortune, favorable; favoring
success
blessed
fluke unlikelyoccurrence; stroke of fortune
fortuitous ; accidental; by chance
hap chance; luck
opportune < > , ; <> ; , / ; suitable, favorable ;
good for a purpose ; done or coming at a favorable time / timely; well chosen
propitious ,; , ; ,; favorable ; well-disposed; favorable;
kindly
providential
serendipity gift for finding valuable things not searched for
windfall ; fallen fuit; unexpected lucky event

/
accredit
approbation ; ; ; approval ; sanction
authenticate ; / prove to be genuine ; prove beyond doubt, the origin,
authorship, etc. / prove genuine
corroborate , give support or certainty to a statement, belief, theory, etc.; confirm
corroboration confirmation
endorse ; ; , approve; support
matriculate ,
ratify ,; ,, confirm an agreemant by signature or other formality ;
verify; approve formally; verify
sanction , approve; ratify
validate ; confirm; ratify

/
abhor ... ; hate something very much; detest utterly; loathe; abominate ; to regard
with extreme repugnance or aversion
abominate : loathe: hate

59

abomination a very detestable act or practice


anathema ,; formal declaration of the church, excommunicating somebody or
condemning something as evil; solemn curse
anathematize curse
animosity (),,; strong dislike or active enmity
antipathy , ; ; strong and decided dislike; aversion; dislike
averse ; / unwilling ; opposed / reluctant
aversion , firm dislike
bete noire ; ; aversion; person or thing strongly disliked or avoided
cloy , vt., vi. to surfeit, or make weary or displeased, by too much of something, esp.
something sweet, rich, etc. SYN. satiate
enmity ; ; [ pl] , condition of being an enemy ; hatred ; particular feeling of
hostility or hatred; ill will; hatred
execrable ; ; / deserving hate ; abominable ; very bad
execrate ; curse; express abhorrence for
ghastly ,; ,; , causing horror or fear ; death-like, pale and ill ;
very unsatisfactory or unpleasant; horrible
imprecate ; curse; pray that evil will befall
imprecation a curse
jaded ; fatigued; surfeited
loath ; averse; reluctant
loathe detest; to hate; to detest
obnoxious ; ; / , very disagreeable ; very unpleasant ;
hateful / offensive
odious hateful
odium ; repugnance; dislike
rancor ; ; ; bitterness; hatred
repel , ; / , / , / / < >
, ; , , ; / vt.to drive or force back; hold or ward off
[to repel an attack]/to refuse to accept, agree to, or submit to; reject [to repel advances]/ to refuse to
accept (a person); spurn [to repel a suitor]/ a) to cause distaste or dislike in; disgust [the odor repelled
him] b) to cause (insects, etc.) to react by staying away/ a) to be resistant to, or present an opposing force
to [a coating that repels moisture] b) to fail to mix with or adhere to [water repels oil] vi. to drive off, or
offer an opposing force to, something / to cause distaste, dislike, or aversion
repellent / ; , / ; any substance used to repel insects / pushing away or
driving back ; causing distaste, dislike, or aversion / driving away; unattractive
repugnance loathing
repugnant ,; , distasteful ; causing a feeling of dislike or opposition
repulsion ; act of driving back; distaste
revulsion ; ; , sudden violent change of feeling; reaction
tedium ; ,, boredom; weariness

60


bellicose adj.of a quarrelsome or hostile nature; eager to fight or quarrel; warlike SYN. belligerent
belligerent ; ,; the powers that are waging war / waging war ; warlike, cf.
bellicose; quarrelsome
contentious ,; quarrelsome
jingoism ,; attitude of mind, principles, of jingoes; extremely
aggressive and militant patriotism
martial ; ; ; of war ; military ; brave ; fond of fighting; warlike
militant , / , ; militant person in trade union, politics / ready
for fighting, warlike, bellicose ; engaging / combative;
pugnacious ; combative; disposed to fight
ultramilitant

//
aggrandize (,, ); ; ; make someone or a nation greater in
power, wealth, rank, etc. ; exaggerate; increase or intensify
bracing ... , ; , ; , [syn: brisk, energizing, fresh,
refreshing, refreshful, tonic] n : a structural member used to stiffen a framework [syn: brace]
brawn , muscular strength; sturdiness
brawny
consolidate ; ; ,; , make something firm or strong ;
strengthen ; unite or combine into one ; become solid or strong
galvanize ; stimulate by shock; stir up
innerve
invigorate
potent , ; , <<>> ; / , having authority or
power, mighty, influential ; effective or powerful in action as a drug or drink ; able to have an erection and
hence to engage in sexual intercourse / persuasive; greatly influential
preponderance , superiority of power, quantity, etc.
puissant ; ; powerful; strong; potent
sinews
stalwart ; ; strong, brawny; steadfast
stoutness
sturdiness
terse ; ; concise; abrupt; pithy
verve , enthusiasm; liveliness
vitality
vivacity
vivify

//

61

accommodate make fit ; kindly give someone what he wants ;


altruism unselfish aid to others; generosity
amiable good-tempered ; kind-hearted ; easy and pleasant to talk to; agreeable; lovable
beneficent doing good ; kind / kindly; doning good
benevolent doing or inclined to do good ; kindly ; charitable; generous; charitable
benign kind, gentle ; mild ; not dangerous; kindly; favorable; not malignant
benignity state of being kind, benign, gracious
bountiful bounteous ; generous ; abundant / showing bounty
catholic universal ; broad-minded ; including many or most things; broadly sympathetic; liberal
clemency disposition to be lenient; mildness, as of the weather
condescend
genial < favorable to growth ; mild ; warm ; kindly,sympathetic ; sociable; kindly; friendly
geniality cheerfulness; kindliness; sympathy
humane kind
indulgent inclined to indulge ; lenient or kind, often to excess; humoring; yielding; lenient
leniency mildness; permissiveness
magnanimous having generosity; generous
munificent extremely generous ; large in amount or splendid in quality; very generous
obliging
officious very fond of giving unwelcome services or advice; meddlesome; excessively trying to please
propitious favorable ; well-disposed; favorable; kindly
vouchsafe grant condescendingly; guarantee

62