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Exercise 1

Commonly Used Medical Abbreviations in Patient Charts


Provide the meaning of the following medical abbreviations.
ABG
BUN
H&H
I&O
FBS
RBS
CABG
CBG
CHF
CRF

Arterial blood gas


Blood urea nitrogen
Hemoglobin and hematocrit
Intake & output
Fasting blood sugar
Random blood sugar
Coronary artery bypass graft
Corticosteroid binding globulin
Chronic heart failure
Chronic renal failure
Corticotropin-releasing factor
Kidneys, ureters,bladder
Atrial fibrillation
Antiepileptic drug
Acute lymphocytic leukemia
Above knee amputation

GCS
prn
VLDL
HDL
LDL
ASHD
ATN
MVP
MR
HbA1c

Glasgow coma scale/score


When required
Very low density lipoprotein
High density lipoprotein
Low density lipoprotein
Arteriosclerotic heart disease
Acute tubular necrosis
Mean ventricular pressure
Mitral regurgitation
Glycated hemoglobin

CAD
ESRD
HCTZ
CVP
COPD

Allopurinol
Acute lupus pericarditis
Alkaline phosphatase
Activated partial prothrombin time
Prothrombin time
Blood transfusion
Acute renal failure
Bronchial artery
Balloon angioplasty
Caesarean section
Diabetes mellitus

Cc

Coronary artery disease


End state renal disease
Hydrochlorothiazide
Central venous pressure
Chronic obstructive pulmonary
disease
Milliliters
With meals

CVA
d/c

FVC
OGTT

Heart failure
Forced expiratory volume in 1
second
Forced vital capacity
Oral glucose tolerance test

GDM
I&D
s/p
INR
KVO
KUB
BKA

Gastrointestinal diabetes mellitus


Incision and drainage
Post status
International normalized ratio
Keep vein open
Kidneys, ureters, bladder
below knee amputation

DKA
DTR
DVT
Dx
Tx
ROS
PERRLA

ECG

Electrocardiogram

PVC

Do not resuscitate
Hyperosmolar non-ketotic
hyperglycemia
Diabetic ketoacidosis
Deep tendon reflexes
Deep vein thrombosis
Diagnosis
Treatment
Radical oxygen species
Pupils equal, round, react to light
and accommodation
Premature ventricular contraction

EEG

Electroencephalogram

LVH, RVH

Left ventricular hypertrophy, right

KUB
AF
AED
ALL
AKA
ALP

aPTT
PT
BT
ARF
BA
C/S
DM
HF
FEV1

D&C
CRF
CPK
CK
EKG

Dilation & curettage


Chronic renal failure
Creatinine phophokinase
Creatinine kinase
Electrocardiogram

HEENT
DMARD

Head, eyes, ears, nose, throat


Disease modifying antirheumatic
drug
Cerebrovascular accident
Discontinue

DNR
HONK

NGT
NPO
ISDN
MI
MRI
IVP
IVF
JVP
LBBB,
RBBB
LDH
LMP
LOC
MAP
HPI
PSHx
MDI
PDA
MSE
OA
OCD
AD,AS &
AU

OD, OS &
OU
DAT

CBC
BRAT
Diet
PEF
PCl
PaCO2
PaO2
pc
Hs
RTC
pRBC
FFP
SAH
SJS

ventricular hypertrophy
Isosorbide mononitrate
Triglyceride
Intensive care unit
Cardiac/critical care unit
Pediatric intensive care unit
Neonatal intensive care unit

Nasogastric tube
Nothing by mouth
Isosorbide dinitrate
Myocardial infarction
Magnetic resonance imaging
Intravenous push
Intravenous pyelography
Intravenous fluid

ISMN
TG
ICU
CCU
PICU
NICU

Jugular venous pressure


Left bundle branch block
Right bundle branch block
Lactate dehydrogenase
Last menstrual period
Loss of consciousness
Lower esophageal contractility
Mean arterial pressure
History of present illness
Past social history
Metered-dose inhaler
Patent ductus arteriosus

MMR
DPT

Measles, rubella, mumps


Modified radical mastectomy
Measles, mumps, rubella
Diphtheria pertussis tetanus

OPV
GFR
GSW

Oral polio vaccine


Glomerular filtration rate
Gun shot wound

UTZ
FHx
NSR
PMHx
IDDM

Medical support equipment


Mental status examination
Osteoarthritis
Obsessive compulsive disorder
Right ear, left ear, both ears

NIDDM

Right eye, left eye, both eyes

U/A

Dental aptitude test


Direct agglutination test
Dopamine transporter gene
Complete blood count
Bananas, rice, apple sauce, toast

TSH

Ultrasound
Family history
Normal sinus rhythm
Patient medication history
Insulin dependent diabetes
mellitus
Non-insulin dependent diabetes
mellitus
Vital signs
Acid-fast bacillus
Tissue plasminogen activator
antigen
Total protein, albumin and globulin
Treponema pallidum antigen
Urinalysis
Unstable angina
Thyroid stimulating hormone

INH
GERD

Isoniazid
Gastroesophageal reflux disease

Peak expiratory flow


Picryl chloride
Protein C inhibitor
Arterial carbon dioxide tension
Arterial oxygen tension
After meals
At bedtime
Round the clock
Packed red blood cells
Fresh frozen plasma
Subarachnoid hemorrhage
Steven Johnsons syndrome

PUD
OSA

Peptic ulcer disease


Obstructive sleep apnea

PID
PMN
PCOS
PPI
PTU
RA
SC,SQ
SLE
BPH

Pelvic inflammatory disease


Polymorphonucleocyte
Polycystic ovarian syndrome
Proton pump inhibitor
Propylthiouracil
Rheumatoid arthritis
Subcutaneous
Systemic lupus erythematosus
Benign prostatic hyperplasia

MRM

VS
AFB
TPAG

SGOT/AL
T

SGPT/AS
T
ARDS

Serum glutamate oxaloacetate


transaminase
Alanine transminase
Argon laser trabeculoplasty
Serum glutamate pyruvate
transaminase
Aspartate transmaminase
Adult respiratory distress syndrome

PSA

Prostate-specific antigen

CEA

Cost-effectiveness analysis

ACS

Acute cholecystitis
Abdominal compartment syndrome