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I.

II.
1Haygreen and Bowyer,
1982(outer bark)
phloem
cambium
sap woodheart wood

annual ringpith

1 Haygreen and Bowyer, 1982, Fig. 1.5


cross surfaceradial
surface
tangential surface
2Kubler,
1980

146

2 Kubler, 1980, Fig. 1.10


2 3
Haygreen and Bowyer, 1982

V U 3

3 Haygreen and Bowyer, 1982, Fig. 2.2

4Bodig and Jayne, 1982


longitudinal
direction
radial directiontangential direction

147

4 Bodig and Jayne, 1982, Fig. 3-9

III.

MC/ 100

5, Haygreen and Bowyer, 1982


Equilibrium Moisture
Content, EMC

1 , Haygreen Bowyer, 1982

148

5 Haygreen Bowyer, 1982, Fig. 8.1


1 Haygreen & Bowyer, 1982

20%

30%

40%

50%

60%

70%

80%

90%

30

(-1)

4.6

6.3

7.9

9.5

11.3

13.5

16.5

21.0

50

(10)

4.6

6.3

7.9

9.5

11.2

13.4

16.4

20.9

70

(21)

4.5

6.2

7.7

9.2

11.0

13.1

16.0

20.5

90

(32)

4.3

5.9

7.4

8.9

10.5

12.6

15.4

19.8

110

(43)

4.0

5.6

7.0

8.4

10.0

12.0

14.7

19.1

130

(54)

3.7

5.2

6.6

7.9

9.4

11.3

14.0

18.2

150

(66)

3.4

4.8

6.1

7.4

8.8

10.6

13.1

17.2

170

(77)

3.0

4.3

5.6

6.8

8.2

9.9

12.3

16.2

free
water

bound water

Fiber Saturation Point, FSP


25~ 35 30

149

IV.

2
, 1983

(1983)

0.547
0.4337
0.371
0.594
0.531
0.511
0.375
0.417
0.857
0.845
0.667
0.536
0.835
0.496
0.920
0.905
0.618
0.543
0.840
0.650
0.670

(%)

(%)

6.45
6.25
7.92
7.14
6.15
4.69
6.70
8.04
6.48
8.15
5.73
7.75
4.62
10.49
8.28
10.57
13.19
10.74
6.74
10.08
4.90
8.89

2.89
3.47
2.86
4.57
3.70
3.34
3.10
4.08
3.70
4.37
2.88
3.74
2.91
5.68
3.33
4.31
3.82
3.74
4.15
6.28
2.12
4.04

0.22
0.23
0.18
0.28
0.34
0.16
0.31
0.31
0.23
0.37
0.27
0.40
0.13
0.22
0.25
0.35
0.23
0.25
0.24
0.34
0.26
0.28

0.11
0.06
0.11
0.19
0.25
0.09
0.13
0.16
0.15
0.22
0.16
0.21
0.10
0.14
0.09
0.12
0.05
0.08
0.15
0.21
0.12
0.14

150

2
2
1050.5 ~ 1
6 Wood Handbook,
1999
20MC

7, Hoadley, 1986

6 Wood Handbook, 1999, Fig. 3-3

7 Hoadley, 1980, Fig. 1, p.80

151

Kubler, 1980
(1) Drying and Conditioning

(2) Orientation of Fibers and Annual Rings


(3) Cross banding

veneer 8
Haygreen Bowyer, 1982

8 Haygreen and Bowyer, 1982, Fig. 8.11

152

(4) Exclusion of Liquid Water


(5) Retarding the Exchange of Water

(6) Stablizing with chemicals


cross-linking agentbulking agent
PEG
(7) Making Wood Plastic Composite

V. ()

kg/m3 g/ 3
1g/ 3 g/ 3
g/ 3

0.17
, Balsa 1.2, Lignum vitate

28

VI.

9Kubler, 1980chord
10
Kubler, 1980 11Kubler, 1980
12Kubler,
1980
stressstrain

13, Haygreen and Bowyer, 1982

13

14 Haygreen Bowyer, 1982


14 proportional limit

Modulus of Elasticity

153

14

allowable stress

Kubler, 1980, Fig. 4.1

10

Kubler, 1980, Fig. 4.3

11 Kubler, 1980, Fig. 4.6

154

12

Kubler, 1980, Fig. 4.4

13
Haygreen and Bowyer, 1982, Fig. 10.2

14
Haygreen and Bowyer, 1982, Fig. 10.3

VII.

(rotary-cut veneer)(15, Kubler, 1980)

(16, Haygreen and Bowyer, 1982)


(particleboard)(waferboard)

156

(oriented strand board)

(<0.35 g/cm3)(0.350.8 g/cm3)


(>0.8 g/cm3)

15 Kubler, 1980

16 Haygreen and Bowyer, 1982


17 18 (, 1992 )

157

18mm

17 , 1992, 1

18 , 1992, 2

VIII.
()

158

IX.
1. 1992 11(2)113-132
2. 1983p.70
3. Bodig, J. and Jayne, B.A. 1982. Mechanics of Wood and Wood Composite. Van Nostran
Reinhold Company Inc. U.S.A.
4. Forest Products Society, 1999. Wood HandbookWood as an Engineering
Material. FPS catalogue no. 7269. Forest Products Society. USDA Forest Service.
U.S.A.
5. Haygreen,J.G. and J.L. Bowyer, 1982. Forest Products and Wood Science - An
Introduction, Iowa State Univ. Press, Ames. U.S.A.
6. Hoadley, B.R., 1980. Understanding WoodA Craftsman's Guide to Wood
Technology, The Taunton Press, Newton, Conn. U.S.A.
7. Kubler, H., 1980. Wood as Building and Hobby Material, John Wiley & Sons, New
York, U.S.A.

159