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2007 6

No 6 2007

JOU RN A L OF RENM IN U NI VERSIT Y O F CHI NA

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Shopper Owners and Businessmen in Beijing in Qing Dynasty


L IU F eng- yun
( In st it ut e of Q ing Dynast y, R en min U niversit y of China, Beijing 100872)

Abstract: Beijing, as t he biggest consuming cit y, w ere inhabit ed w it h businessm en f rom all over Chi
na. Shop ow ners, t hus named by t he f eudal go vernm ent administ ratio n, ref er red to those businessm en
w ho had t heir ow n sho ps dealing w it h business. T he shop ow ner s w as a phenomenon of cert ain st age
of co mmercial process, many of w hom o w ned cent enary old shops, g rain shops and priv at e banks
w hich had had pro found influence upo n Beijing social life, some of t hem w ere businessmen w ho ow ned
many shops and f or use o f emper ors. T hey play ed significant roles in Beijing, and even in nat ional econom ical f unctioning , how ever, t heir capit al accumulation had t oo close relat io nship w it h feudal poli
t ics, t herefo re, t hey cannot add new vigo r t o t he developm ent of com mercial econo my.
Key words: Qing Dynast y; Beijing ; shop ow ner; businessmen
(

139