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WEEK 6

I THE PRONUNCIATION Of THE ENDINGS: -S/ES and -ED


A. Cch pht m ui S/ES ca ng t ngi th ba s t, danh t
s nhiu
c l /S/ nu sau t tn cng bng cc m nh /k/, /p/, /f// (-gh, -ph),/(th),/t/.
Plural nouns
3rd singular verbs
maps /mps/
stops
/ stops/
/p/
cats / kts /
calculates /'klkjuleits/
/t/
laughs / l:fs /
laughs / la:fs /
/f/
books / buks /
attacks / 'tks /
/k/
lengths
/
les
/
//
c l /IZ/ sau cc t tn cng bng m /ks/ (-x), // (sh), /t/ (-ch), /s/ (ss), /d/ (-ge), // (ze), /z/ (-se, -z)).
Plural nouns
3rd singular verbs
glasses
misses
/s/
boxes
mixes
/ks/
wishes
washes
//
churches
matches
/t/
garages
massages
//
pages
stages
/d/
bruises
rises
/z/
c l /Z/ sau cc t tn cng bng cc ph m cn li, v tt c cc
nguyn m.
Plural nouns
3rd singular verbs
/b/
cubs
robs
caves
lives
/v/
beds
reads
/d/
eggs
digs
/g/
hills
fills
/l/
rooms
comes
/m/
pens
learns
/n/
rings
brings
//
potatoes
goes
/ou/
days
plays
/ei/
hairs
wears
/e /
*Notes:
I. Choose the word that show the s ending is pronounced.
/s/
/z/
/iz/
/s/
/z/
/iz/
1. potatoes
8, reads
2. cooks
9. massages
3. rubs
10. laughs
4. rises
11. caves
5. length
12. plays
6. calculates
13. maps
7. roses
14. daniels

Exercise 1: Circle the word which has the underlined part


pronounced as:
0./s/
chores brothers shifts
1./z/
halves
dates
kits
2./s/
speaks
bags
days
3./s/
activities parents
feelings
4./z/
hours
projects
takes
5./z/
pets
loves
laughs
6./s/
photographs
staysquestions
7./z/
weekends basts
months
8./iz/ problems shares
washes
9./iz/ physics
watches nights
10./iz/ jobs
joins
misses
Exercise 2: Choose the underlined words has pronouced differntly from the others.
1. A. neighbors
B. friends
C. relatives D. photographs
2. A. snacks
B. follows C. titles
D. writers
3. A. streets
B. phones
C. books
D. makes
4. A. cities
B. satellites C. series
D. workers
5. A. develops
B. takes
C. laughs
D. volumes
6. A. explains
B. wakes
C. phones
D. names
7. A. phones
B. streets
C. books
D. makes
8. A. proofs
B. regions C. lifts
D. rocks
9. A. involves
B. believes C. suggests D. steals
10. A. serves
B. blocks
C. banks
D. tourists
11. A. remembers
B. cooks
C. walls
D. pyramids
12. A. miles
B. words
C. accidents D. names
13. A. sports
B. plays
C. households
D. minds
14. A. makes
B. views
C. reads
D. decides
15. A. albums
B. tanks
C. shops
D. plants
16. A. gets
B. loves
C. sings
D. buys
17. A. collects
B.cooks
C. swims
D. claps
18. A. stamps
B. friends
C. relatives D. guitars
19. A. envelops
B. tunes
C. books
D. guitarists
20. A. athletics
B. participants C. efforts D. skills
21. A. things
B. engineers C. scientists D. individuals
22. A. parks
B. animals C. planets
D. environments
23. A. helps
B. provides C. documents
D. texts
B. Cch pht m ui ED ca ng t c quy tc.
c l /id/ sau t tn cng bng m /d/ hoc /t/.
need needed
decide decided
want wanted
start started
c l /t/ sau t tn cng bng m /k/, /p/, /f/ (-gh,-ph), /s/, // (-sh), /t/
(-ch), // (-th), /ks/ (-x)
wash washed
book booked
stop stopped
watch watched
fax faxed....

c l /d/ sau t tn cng bng cc m cn li.


play played
plan planned
offer offered bathe bathed
call called
borrow borrowed
*Notes:
* Cc tnh t tn cng bng ED th ui ED cng c pht m nh cch pht
m ca ng t c quy tc. Tuy nhin, mt s tnh t c tn cng bng
-ed, hoc mt s trng t tn cng bng -edly, th -ed c pht m l /id/.
Adjectives:
/id/
naked : kha thn crooked : cong, on ragged : nhu, c
wretched : khn kh
rugged : g gh
learned : uyn bc
Adverbs:
/id/
deservedly : xng ng
supposedly: cho lmarkedly : mt cch
r rng, ng ch
allegedly : cho rng

Exercise1: Check the correct column according to how the ed- is pronounced:
Talked, missed, naked, called, occurred, wretched, invited, polluted, studied, closed,
laughed, markedly, collected, rugged, watched, rented, robbed, devervedly, looked, ended,
demanded, washed, started, needed, boiled, enjoyed, plugged, named, singed, faxed,
followed, filled, robbed, passed, finished, printed, explained, waited, wailed, exceeded,
played, stayed, showed, worked, touched.
/d/

/t/

/ id /

Exercise 2: Choose the underlined words has pronouced differntly from the others.
24. A. invited
25. A. removed
26. A. knocked
27. A. looked
28. A. wanted
29. A. laughed

B. attended
B. washed
B. naked
B. laughed
B. parked
B. passed

C. celebrated
C. hoped
C. stopped
C. moved
C. stopped
C. suggested

D. displayed
D. missed
D. called
D. stepped
D. watched
D. placed

30. A. believed
B. prepared
31. A. lifted
B. lasted
32. A. practiced
B. ranged
33. A. collected
B. changed
34. A. walked
B. entertained
35. A. watched
B. stopped
36. A. approached
B. stocked
37. A. admired
B. looked
38. A. played
B. admired
39. A. collected
B. discarded
40. A. placed
B. practiced
41. A. hoped
B. attracted
42. A. equipped
B. delivered
43. A. worked
B. pumped
44. A. sponsored
B. answered
45. A. played
B. traveled
46. A. dived
B. stopped
47. A. protected
B. destroyed
48. A. stationed
B. belonged
49. A. parked
B. watched
50. A. studied
B. raised
II. EXERCISES ON TENSES

C. involved
C. happened
C. washed
C. formed
C. reached
C. pushed
C. developed
C. missed
C. liked
C. watched
C. stopped
C. added
C. transferred
C. watched
C. enjoyed
C. stayed
C. cooked
C. included
C. established
C. endangered
C. played

D. liked
D. decided
D. touched
D. viewed
D. looked
D. improved
D. painted
D. hoped
D. called
D. wanted
D. named
D. participated
D. received
D. contented
D. locked
D. looked
D. replaced
D. needed
D. studied
D. stopped
D. worked

1-I .Louisiana state University.


A-am attending
B-attend
C-was attending
Dattended
2-He has been selling motorcycles
A-ten years ago
B-since ten years
C-for ten years ago
D-for
ten years
3-Columbus.America more then 400 years ago.
A-discovered B-has discovered
C-had discovered
D-he has
gone
4-He fell down when he towards the church.
A-run
B-runs
C-was running
D-had run
5-We .there when our father died.
A-still lived
B-lived still
C-was still living
Dwere still living
6-They .pingpong when their father comes back home.
A- will play
B-will be playing
C-play
D-would
play
7-By Christmas, I..for you for 6 months.
A-Shall have been working
B-shall work
C-have been working
D-shall be working
8-I.in the room now.
A-am being
B-was being
C-have been being
Dam

9-I..to New york three times this year.


A-have been
B-was
C-were
D-had
been
10-I will come and see you before I..for America.
A-leave
B-will leave
C-have left
D-shall
leave
11-The little girl asked what..to her friend.
A-has happened
B-happened
C-had happened
D-would have
been happened
12-John a book when I saw him.
A-is reading
B-read
C-was reading
D-reading
13-He said he.return later.
A-will
B-would
C-can
D-would be
14-Jack ..the door.
A-has just opened
B-open
C-will have opened D-opening
15-I have been waiting for you.
A-since early morning
B-since 9 a.m C-for two hoursD-all are
correct
16-My sister.for you since yesterday.
A- is looking
B-was looking C-has been looking D-looked
17-Jackthe door.
A-has just painted
B-paint
C-will have painted D-painting
18-The train half an hour.
A-has been leaving
B-left
C-has lelt
D-had lelt
19-We Doris since last Sunday.
A-dont see
B-havent seen C-didnt see
D-hadnt
seen
20-When I last saw him, he.in London.
A-has lived
B-is living
C-was living
D-has
been living
21-After Ilunch, I looked for my bag.
A-had
B-had had
C-have has
D-have
had
22-By the end of next year, GeogeEnglish for 2 years.
A- will have learned B-will learn
C-has learned D-would learn
23-The man got out the car ,round to the back and opened the
boot.
A-walking
B-walked
C-walks
D-walk
24-For several years his ambitionto be a pilot.
a-is
B-has been
C-was
D-had
been
25-Henry into the restaurant when the writer was having dinner.

A-was going
B-went
C-has gone
D-did go
26-He will take the dog out for a walk as soon as he .dinner.
A-finish
B-finishes
C-will finish
D-shall have
finished
27-Before you asked, the letter.
A- was written B-had been written
C-had written D-has been
written
28-Ask her to come and see me when she her work.
A-finish
B-has finished
C-finished
D-finishing
29-Oil if you pour it on water.
A-floated
B-floats
C-will be floated
D-float
30-The dancing club..north of the city.
A-lays
B-lies
C-located
D-lain
31- Almost everyonefor home by the time we arrived.
A-leave
B-left
C-leaves
D-had left
32-By the age of 25, he .two famous novels.
A- wrote
B-writes
C-has written D-had written
33-While her husband was in the army, Janet . to him twice a week.
A-was writing B-wrote
C-was written D-had written
34-I couldnt cut the grass because the machine.. a few days
previously.
A-broke down B-has been broken
C-had broken down
D-breaks
down
35-According to this newspaper, John is saida new record for the
long jump.
A-to have established
B-establishing C-to establish D-established
36-I have never played badminton before.This is the first time I..to
play.
A-try
B-tried
C-have tried
D-am trying
37-Since,I have heard nothing from him.
A-he had left B-he left
C-he has left
D-he was left
38-I like looking at these pictures, but I..enough by lunch time.
A-should have B-will have
C-will have had
D-have
39-I dont understand this sentence.What.?
A-does mean this word
B-have this word
mean
C-means this word
D-does this word
mean
40-John..tennis once or twice a week.
A-usually play B-is usually playing C-usually plays D-have usually
played
41-It was noisy next door. Our neighbors..a party.
A-had
B-were having
C-had had
D-have had
42-It..dark.Shall I turn on the light?

A-is getting
B-get
C-got
Dhas got
43-I .for Christine. Do you know where she is?
A-look
B-looked
C-am looking D-looks
44-At 5 oclock yesterday evening, Imy clothes.
A-am ironing B-have ironed
C-ironed
D-was ironing
45-Are you ready ,Ann? Yes,I
A-am coming B-come
C-came
D-have came
46-Why ..at me like that?Whats the matter?
A-do you look B-have you looked
C-did you look D-are you
looking
47-I..along the street when I suddenly heard footsteps behind me.
A-was walking B-am walking
C-walk
D-walked
48-She ..German for two years.
A-has learnt
B-is learning
C-learn
D-learns
49-I usually .away at weekends.
A-have gone
B-goes
C-am going
D-go
50-The earth round the sun.
A-go
B-has gone
C-went
D-goes
51-I come from Canada.Where ..you ..from?
A-do/come
B-did/ come
C-are coming Dhave/come
52-When I lastJane,she ..to find a job.
A-see/was trying
B-saw/was trying
C-have seen/tried Dsaw/tried
53-I.at 8 oclock every morning.
A-was getting up
B-got up
C-is getting up D-get up
54-..you go to the dentist?
A-how often are
B-how often do
C-how often does
D-how are
55-Ann..tea very often.
A-doesnt drink B-dont drink
C-didnt drink D-hasnt drunken
56-The sun.in the East.
A- is rising
B-rose
C-has risen
D-rises
57-It is a nice day.I .we go out for a walk.
A-suggested
B-suggest
C-is suggestingD-are
suggesting
58-Tim was tired.He .hard all day.
A-has been studyingB-studies
C-studied
D-had been
studying
59-Bad driving often.many accidents.
A-caused
B-had caused
C-causes
D-has cause
60-The Olympic Games.every four years.

A-take place
B-takes place
C-took place
D-is
taking place
61-What time..the banks close in Britain?
A-do
B-did
C-does
D-can
62-Look!That man..to open the door of your car.
A-try
B-tried
C-is trying
D-has tried
63-When I was young,I to be a singer.
A-want
B-was wanting
C-wanted
D-had wanted
64-They..me about it last week.
A-was telling B-told
C-had told
D-would
tell
65-I..here at the end of the month.
A-will leave
B-would leave
C-would have left
D-is
leaving
66-My grandfathermany years ago.
A-had died
B-has died
C-died
D-was
dying
67-I..my son the money for that last week.
A-gave
B-given
C-have given D-was given
68-Yesterday I passed by Peters house, but the front door was
closed.He ..out.
A-went
B-must have gone
C-has gone
D-had
had
69-I..the dishwasher on when heard the shot.
A-A-am turning B-was turning
C-was turning D-turned
70-There was a time when watching TV really.family
entertainment.
A-were
B-was
C-had been
D-is
71-Last year, they .22 million TV sets.
A-were selling B-had sold
C-has sold
D-sold
72-At last the bus came.We ..for half an hour.
A-waited
B-was waiting
C-have waited D-had been waiting
73-Danielthe bus.It doesnt run on Sundays.
A-did not catch B-have not caught C-had not caught
D-couldnt
have caught
74-Im feeling sick.I..so much chocolate last night.
A-neednt to eat
B-did not eat C-musnt eat D-shouldnt have
eaten
75-Im going on holiday on Saturday.This time next week Ion a
beach in the sea.
A-will lie
B-am lying
Cwill be lying D-should be lying
76-Ted and Amyfor 24 years.

A-have been married


B-married
C-were married
D-has
been married
77-Tomorrow I.my grandparents
A-am going to visit B-will have visited
C-have visited D-visit
78-When the first child was born, they..married for three years.
A-have been married
B-had been married
C-will been married
D-will have been married
79-I think the weather.nice later.
A-will be
B-be
C-had
D- has been
80-She ..very angry when she knows this.
A-shall be
B-has been
C-will have been
D-will be
p n bi tp trc nghim v th trong Ting anh
1-A
8-D
15-D
22-A
29-B
36-C
43-C
50-D
57-B
64-B
71-D
78-B

2-B
9-A
16-C
23-B
30-B
37-B
44-D
51-A
58-D
65-A
72-D
79-A

3-A
10-A
17-A
24-B
31-D
38-C
45-A
52-B
59-C
66-C
73-D
80-D

4-C
11-C
18-B
25-B
32-D
39-D
46-D
53-D
60-B
67-A
74-D

5-D
12-C
19-B
26-B
33-B
40-C
47-A
54-B
61-A
68-B
75-C

6-B
13-B
20-C
27-B
34-C
41-B
48-A
55-A
62-C
69-C
76-A

7-A
14-A
21-B
28-B
35-A
42-A
49-D
56-D
63-C
70-B
77-A