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43 1

20141


Journal of University of Electronic Science and Technology of China

Vol.43 No.1
Jan. 2014

ICPT

400030)

(ICP)

; ; ;
TM74
A
doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0548.2014.01.009

Frequency Stabilization Control Method for ICPT System


Based on Capacitor Array
SUN Yue, WU Jing, WANG Zhi-hui, and TANG Chun-sen
(College of Automation, Chongqing University Shapingba Chongqing 400030)

Abstract The load resistance changes may cause the variation of operational frequency of the inductively
coupled power transfer (ICPT) systems, leading to the reduction of power transfer efficiency and system instability.
An improved fuzzy control strategy is designed to ensure the stability of the resonant operational frequency when
the load changes by controlling the effective value of the primary resonant capacitor array. This method promotes
the power transfer efficiency and stability of ICPT systems. The experimental results verify the functionality and
superiority of the proposed strategy.
Key words capacitor array; frequency stabilization control; fuzzy control; ICPT
(inductively coupled power
transferICPT)

[1]

[2-6]

ICPT

[5]

ICPT
[6-7]

[8]

[9]
BUCK

(series-parallelSP)ICPT

2012 10 10 2013 04 01
(51277192,51207173,51007100)(20110490799)
(1960 ).

ICPT

55

(Re Z r ) I p2
( 2 M 2 / Re Z s ) I p2
=
=
=

(Re Z r + Rp ) I p2 ( 2 M 2 / Re Z s + Rp ) I p2

1 + Re Z s Rp /( 2 M 2 )

ICPT

1.1
ICPT
SSSPPSPP 4

(3)

Z s 0
=/ 0
2

[10]

SP
1C p C s
L p L s ML p L s R p
I p I s
R L ()Z r

U p
L p C p

ip

Cp

is

Rp

Ls

Up

Cs

j MI p

Zr

RL

SP

1.2

[5]

Im Z (, RL ) =

Lp

M [ R Cs ( Cs Ls -1)+Ls ]
1

=
0
(1)
Cp
RL2 ( Cs Ls -1) 2 + 2 L2s
3

2
L
2

2R L 0300
1ICPT

(R L <8 )
( 0.550.9)

(R L >8 )

iL
Lp

SP(1)
R L
[5]

[10]

ICPT
[5]


P = (Re Z r ) I p2
(2)ICPT

(2)

2.1
(1)C p

1
Cp =f ( ) =
3
2

M [C ( 2 Cs Ls 1)+Ls ] (4)
Lp 2 2 s

RL ( Cs Ls 1)2 + 2 L2s

(4)
R L
ICPT
3
n
3a10
C 1n 0.10.9 nF

56

C 2n 1.09.0 nF
93b
C 1n
10
HzC 1n 0.1 nF

abC p

S11 , S12 , , Sn9

Ceq = C1n + C2 n + + Cnn


(5)
1

C1n

C2n

2.2
ICPT4

I p ICPTf
f()f 0

ICPT
()
ICPT

C11

S11

C12

S12

ICPTf
f 0 e=f 0 fde

Cnn

a.

S19

C19

43

c p

b.

S1,4
S2,3

S3

S1

S5
A

Edc

Cp

S2

Ip


L
p

CS

RL

S6

S7

RL RL

LS

S4

e de [500
500]Hz[500500] Hz/msc p
[4.54.5] nFedec p 7
{3,2,1,0,1,2,3}

e max e
e

5PBPSZENSNB

e
de
c p

500
500
4.5
3

100
100
1
2

PB
PS
ZE
NS
NB

0
0
0
0.4
1

0
0
0
1
0.3

0
10
10
0
10
10
0
0.1
0.1
0
1
1

0
0
0
0
0.4
1
0.2
1
0.2
0.4
0
0
0
0
0

100
100
1
2

500
500
4.5
3

0.3
0.4
0
0
0

1
0
0
0
0

R
R ij : if e i =E i and de j =DE j then
u ij =U ij e

c p
E=U=PBE=PU=NB

ICPT

e
de

c p e
de
E=NSDE=PSU=ZEE=NSDE=PB
U=NSede
2
U

DE

NB
NS
ZE
PS
PB

NB
PB
PB
PB
PB
PB

E
ZE
PB
PS
ZE
NS
NB

NS
PB
PS
PS
ZE
NS

PS
PS
ZE
NS
NS
NB

PB
NB
NB
NB
NB
NB

Mamdani

L p /H
L s /H
M/H
C 2

(6)
U=
( Ei DE j ) Rij
ij

u=

ICPTS 1 S 4
FGA25N120IGBT
MAST5-4C-12US 5 S 7 R L

3(
20 kHz)

uk (uk )

k 1=
k 1
=

( uk )

(7)

uu k
MamdaniU k
( u ) 1u
c p

(6)R

1(6)(7)
u
1
uc p
ICPT

156
156
51
1 nF9

C p /F
C s /F
C 1
C 3

20.0821.05
21.8523.2 kHz
20
kHz10 Hz
0.3%1.8%2.03%
0.0020.0050.005 s

104
2.40
2.35

2.30

2.25

2.20
2.15
2.10
2.05
2.00
1.95
1.90
0 0.02 0.04 0.06 0.08 0.10 0.12 0.14 0.16
t/s

0.18 0.20

ICPT

ICPTi p
u o 6
dc =30 VR L1 =50 R L2 =33

Matlab/simulink
3SPICPT

0.43
0.43
0.1 nF9
10 nF9

5
4100 0.05 s25
33 0.1 s33 50 0.15 s50
100 5

f / Hz

57

a. 50 i p u o

58

b. 50 i p u o

c. 33 i p u o

43

I p =3.57 AU o =66.5 V
20 kHz =82.6%
E dc =30 VR L =50
5.7%6c6dR L =33

R L =33
79.5%81%
1.5% 6a6cR L =50
22.59 kzR L =33
21.06 kz

7
R L R L

R L
R p R L

0.9
0.8
0.7

0.6
0.5
0.4

0.3
0.2
d. 33 i p u o

i p u o

612
i p 3u o
i p
EMI

6a
6aR L =50
f=22.59 kHzI p =4.59 A
U o =72.8 V=76.9%6a
I p =4.71 AU o =77 V
(100 W)
I p U o
2%5%
6bR L =50

0.1

20

40

60
RL/

80

100

120

ICPT

[6]
14 W
[9]
40 W
140 WICPT

ICPT

ICPT

ICPT

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ICPT

()

SUN Yue WU Jing WANG Zhi-hui TANG Chun-sen


400030

Journal of University of Electronic Science and Technology of China


2014(1)

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