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You are on page 1of 5

Score:___/43

Date:______ Period:______

AP Statistics Take Home Exam: Confidence Intervals for Proportions (Open Ended: 33

points)

1. In 2002 the medical journal The Lancet reported that 335 of 573 patients suffering from

Crohns disease responded positively to injections of the arthritis-fighting drug infliximab.

a. Determine if it appropriate to create a one-proportion z-interval for this data. (6

points)

b. Calculate a 98% confidence interval for the proportion of Crohns patients who

responded positively to injections of infliximab. Show all appropriate work work. (4

points)

i. How would the width of the interval be affected?

e. If we increased the sample size (2 points)

i. How would the width of the interval be affected?

ii. How would the margin of error be affected?

f.

Another medical study plans to estimate the percentage of Crohns patients who

respond positively to infliximab to within 4%, with 95% confidence. What is a

conservative estimate (assume p-hat is 0.5) for the number of students he should

sample? (3 points)

2. A statistics professor at a local university asked her students whether or not they were

registered to vote. In a sample of 50 of her students (randomly sampled from her 700

students), 70% said they were registered to vote.

a. Estimate the true proportion/percentage of students (at this college) who are

registered to vote (with 90% confidence). Assume the conditions for inference have

been satisfied. Show any appropriate work in the space below. (4 points)

vote. Based on your confidence interval, do you believe this claim? Why or why not?

(3 points)

3.

who have seen their advertisements. The resulting interval was (48.44%, 57.211%). Find

the value of p-hat and the margin of error for this interval. (2 points)

1. Which of the following statements best describes the relationship between a parameter and a statistic?

A. A parameter has a sampling distribution with the statistic as its mean.

B. A parameter has a sampling distribution that can be used to determine what values the statistic is likely to have in

repeated samples.

C. A parameter is used to estimate a statistic.

D. A statistic is used to estimate a parameter.

2. Which of the following statements is correct about a parameter and a statistic associated with repeated random

samples of the same size from the same population?

A. Values of a parameter will vary from sample to sample but values of a statistic will not.

B. Values of both a parameter and a statistic may vary from sample to sample.

C. Values of a parameter will vary according to the sampling distribution for that parameter.

D. Values of a statistic will vary according to the sampling distribution for that statistic.

3. Five hundred (500) random samples of size n=900 are taken from a large population in which 10% are left-handed.

The proportion of the sample that is left-handed is found for each sample and a histogram of these 500 proportions is

drawn. Which interval covers the range into which about 68% of the values in the histogram will fall?

A. .1 .010

B. .1 .0134

C. .1 .0167

D. .1 .020

4. A randomly selected sample of 400 students at a university with 15-week semesters was asked whether or not they think

the semester should be shortened to 14 weeks (with longer classes). Fortysix percent (46%) of the 400 students surveyed

answered "yes." Which one of the following statements about the number 46% is correct?

A. It is a sample statistic.

B. It is a population parameter.

C. It is a margin of error.

D. It is a standard error.

5. A poll is done to estimate the proportion of adult Americans who like their jobs. The poll is based on a random sample

of 400 individuals. What is the conservative margin of error of this poll for a 95% confidence interval?

A. 0.10

B. 0.05

C. 0.04

D. 0.025

A. x-bar

B. p-hat or p-prime

C. Sx

D. sigma

8. A study was done to determine the proportion of voters that feel that their local government is doing an

adequate job. Of the 160 voters surveyed, 144 feel that their local government is doing an adequate job.

Calculate the 95% confidence interval for the true proportion of voters that feel that their government is doing

an adequate job.

A. (0.85, 0.95)

B. 0.90

C. (0.80, 1.00)

D. (144, 160)

9. To reduce the margin of error in a future study, which of the following should be done?

10. 1,600 of 2,000 voters say they plan to vote Republican. Use 0.95 degree of confidence to

find the population proportion interval.

A. 69.2 to 86.4%

B. 76.5 to 83.5%

C. 77.7 to 82.3%

D. 78.2 to 81.8%

E. none of the above

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