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Fuel for Thought Handbook of Plant-Based Biofuels Edited by Ashok Pandey CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL,w w w . c h e m s u s c h e m . o r g 2010 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim ChemSusChem 2010 , 3, 386 – 387 " id="pdf-obj-0-3" src="pdf-obj-0-3.jpg">

Fuel for Thought

Handbook of Plant-Based Biofuels

Edited by Ashok Pandey

CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, 2008. 297 pp., hardcover US$119.95—ISBN 978-1-56022-

175-3

During this time of significant vola- tility and uncer- tainty in the liquid fuel market, the utilization of alternatives such as biomass in the production of liquid fuels has gained resurgence in the areas of re- search, investment, and development. Conversion of biomass to biofuels is the only process that utilizes renewable, re- duced carbon for the production of a liquid energy carrier. As such, it is the only long-term, sustainable method of utilizing conventional transportation technologies such as internal combus- tion or jet engines. It is therefore timely that Editor Ashok Pandey has assembled a comprehensive reference on the production of plant- based renewable biofuels, focusing spe- cifically on the chemistry and process technology for the production of bioe- thanol and biodiesel. As noted in the preface, these two biofuels appear to be promising future energy carriers and a replacement for limited fossil fuels and raw materials. To adequately review these two biofuels, 45 authors contribut- ed 20 chapters within three sections fo- cusing on a general introduction to bio- fuels, production of bioethanol, and pro- duction of biodiesel. Contained within these chapters are details on the eco- nomics, process chemistry, engineering, process design, and environmental

Fuel for Thought Handbook of Plant-Based Biofuels Edited by Ashok Pandey CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL,w w w . c h e m s u s c h e m . o r g 2010 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim ChemSusChem 2010 , 3, 386 – 387 " id="pdf-obj-0-20" src="pdf-obj-0-20.jpg">

issues of bioethanol and biodiesel pro- duction. The organizational structure of this handbook makes it a useful text for both students and advanced researchers. In- troductory chapters for each section are clearly written and sufficiently broad in content to benefit undergraduate stu- dents who are new to studying chemical processes. At the same time, subsequent chapters serve as well-detailed reviews of specific aspects of process technology. This range of informational complexity allows this text to serve as either a course textbook or a quick reference for technical details. The first section provides an effective introduction to biofuel technology with an initial chapter describing the role of biofuels in the development of renewa- ble energy. Topics covered include an overview of the world energy scenario, an introduction to competing renewable energy technologies, and a brief exposi- tion on the integration of biofuels within the existing fuel infrastructure. Subse- quent chapters within this section pro- vide a brief evaluation of existing tech- nology for thermochemical processing of biomass including gasification, pyrolysis, liquefaction, and synthetic fuel produc- tion. The last chapter of section one re- views the biodiesel economy with a de- scription of the transesterification chemistry and biodiesel fuel properties. The second section includes seven chapters with in-depth detail regarding all aspects of the production of bioetha- nol. The introductory chapter by Edgard Gnansounou discusses the current status of ethanol production as well as the out- look for future ethanol development de- pendent on energy security, economic and environmental drivers, and techno- logical development. Six subsequent chapters provide extensively detailed de- scriptions of specific industrial processes or process technologies for bioethanol production including 1) ethanol from

molasses, 2) production of starch saccha- rifying enzymes, 3) hydrolysis and fer- mentation of starchy biomass, 4) pre- treatment of lignocellulosic biomass, 5) production of enzymes for lignocellu- losic biomass, and 6) hydrolysis and fer- mentation of lignocellulosic biomass. The last section covering biodiesel is introduced with current and future per- spectives of the biodiesel industry fuel markets and a brief description of fuel standards, feedstocks, and opportunities. A second introductory chapter provides an effective review of the chemical char- acteristics of vegetable oil, various chem- ical catalysts, and the overall process chemistries of esterification. The next two chapters clearly describe current al- ternative biodiesel technologies includ- ing aspects of lipase-catalyzed prepara- tion of biodiesel and biodiesel produc- tion with supercritical fluid technologies. Altogether, these four chapters effective- ly review the broad aspects of biodiesel technologies. These chapters are combined with an additional five chapters in this third sec- tion which describe specific biodiesel production processes around the world. This approach successfully connects the description of general biodiesel chemis- try with the fuel characteristics and pro- duction details of biodiesel processes from particular vegetable oil feedstocks. Full reviews describe biodiesel produc- tion from: 1) palm oil in Malaysia, 2) rice bran oil, 3) Karanja (Pongamia pinnata) and Jatropha (Jatropha curcas), 4) Mahua (Madhuca indica) seed oil, and 5) rubber (Hevea brasiliensis) seed oil. Each chapter contains significant detail of the various processes including process diagrams and descriptions, chemical reaction data and fuel characteristics as well-organized figures. The organizational approach taken by Dr. Pandey to enlist numerous experts on bioethanol and biodiesel succeeds in creating an effective handbook for pro-

2010 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim

ChemSusChem 2010, 3, 386 – 387

cess technology. Readers with limited knowledge of renewable fuels will be ca- pable of picking upw w w . c h e m s u s c h e m . o r g 387 " id="pdf-obj-1-3" src="pdf-obj-1-3.jpg">

cess technology. Readers with limited knowledge of renewable fuels will be ca- pable of picking up this book and under- standing the broad themes, while an ad-

duction. However, limited coverage of thermochemical technologies and bio- fuel production processes such as pyrol- ysis provides opportunity for improve-

ures. This handbook is therefore recom- mended to persons interested in learn- ing more about biomass-to-biofuels processing.

vanced researcher will find it a useful technical reference on her/his bookshelf.

ment in future editions. Overall, this book contains valuable in-

Paul J. Dauenhauer

Additionally, the content is well balanced

formation in a well-written style, and I

Amherst, MA (USA)

between introductory information, bio- logical technology, and aspects of pro-

thoroughly enjoyed reading and review- ing the various summary tables and fig-

DOI: 10.1002/cssc.201000009

cess technology. Readers with limited knowledge of renewable fuels will be ca- pable of picking upw w w . c h e m s u s c h e m . o r g 387 " id="pdf-obj-1-43" src="pdf-obj-1-43.jpg">

ChemSusChem 2010, 3, 386 – 387

2010 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim

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