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PART 2 (Part 1 is here: )! IN RESPONSE TO A TERRIBLY IGNORANT, ERRONEOUS, UNHELPFUL, AND EVEN DANGEROUS ARTICLE by David L. Phillips in the Huffington Post, titled:! Solutions to Communal Conflict in Myanmar Responded to and exposed by Rick Heizman, Feb 3, 2014! I include his text by paragraph number, and then my response:! Paragraph 5: ! Burma’s ethnic balance shifted in the early 20th century with the influx of laborers from India. According to the British census, the Muslim population in Arakan increased from 58,255 to 178,647 in between 1891 and 1911. Facilitated by the East India Company, Chittagong Bengalis (from what is now Bangladesh) sought agricultural work in the sparsely populated valleys of Arakan, as well as other regions in Myanmar. The East India Company extended its Bengal administration to Arakan, lifting the internal boundary between the two colonial territories. ! About paragraph 5:! Phillips wrote “Chittagong Bengalis (from what is now Bangladesh)” and this is one of the very few true sentences in his article. Just as I explained above, The British and others referred to them as ‘Chittagong Bengalis’ because they also knew themselves as ‘Chittagong Bengalis’ and, indeed they were from the Chittagong area of what is now Bangladesh. Notice that phillips does NOT use the term ‘Rohingya’ and admits that they are from Bangladesh!! Here, he actually refutes everything he said in paragraph 4!! The population of Muslims in Arakan TRIPLED, as Phillips noted above, in just a 20 year period - which became problematic because most of these Bengalis were influenced, at that time (mid and late 1800s), by the Islamic Faraidi movement, in the Bengal part of British India, which was based on the ideology of the Wahhabis of Arabia (pre Saudi Arabia). That meant then, as it still does these days, that the Muslims were particularly supremacist, intolerant, and aggressive. ! In 1939 The British established a Commission of Inquiry to investigate the rapid increase of Bengali Muslims in Arakan from roughly 30,000 in 1825 to 220,000 in 1930. That Commission concluded that there would be violence in the very near future if the relentless Bengali Muslim movement across the border wasn't stopped or at least restricted.! And, the Commission was right.! —————————————————————————————————————! Paragraph 6:! General Ne Win seized power in 1962. Reacting to fears of "Islamization," he launched military operations that culminated with "Operation King Dragon" in 1978. The 1982 Citizenship Law institutionalized discrimination against Rohingya, denying them legal status as citizens of Myanmar. The junta's policies marginalized Rohingya and Rakhine Buddhist alike. Today they are still subject to discrimination: Rohingya are not allowed to travel outside Rakhine State. They cannot own land. A 2005 regulation prohibits Rohingya from having more than two children. Rohingya men and boys are being rounded up in Rakhine. 1 About paragraph 6:! General Ne Win - who was a truly awful dictator - and ruined the country more than anyone was not reacting to ‘Islamization’, but was reacting to 25 years of violence by the Bengali Mujahid Armies fighting and terrorizing the Buddhists and attempting to take the land for their own Muslim-only Islamic State. And, especially, he reacted to this:! ! 1977 Plot with Libya and Bangladesh In 1977, Mujahid rebels and members of ARNO led by Sultan Mahmud, sent select members to Libya and met with Libyan leader Colonel Qaddafi. (Qaddafi thought of himself as the leader of the Arab Muslims and in his megalomania he projected himself as the leader of Muslims around the world.) Sultan Mahmud’s group explained their their intention was to transform Arakan into an Islamic State - to be called Arkistan - and they asked for Colonel Qaddafi and Libya to help them and the other resistance groups to wage a well-armed jihad against the Burmese central government. Shortly after that visit to Libya, a serious plot to elicit a full-blown Muslim insurrection throughout Burma and overthrow the government of Ne Win was discovered by the Burmese government. Bangladesh, and Libya were covertly involved in the conspiracy. However, subversive attempts to spark their nefarious plans failed as they were stopped by Burmese authorities. Many local Muslim conspirators were arrested, and others then feared arrest or harm, and many fled back to Bangladesh.! Nagamin Military Operations Against Bengali Mujahid in 1978 The Naga Min Sitsin Yae (King Dragon Operation), was a large-scale military operation in Arakan, Burma, carried out under the authority of General Ne Win. The operation focused on rooting out the Mujahid rebels, who were fighting for an Islamic state in Northern Rakhine state.
 The operation began February 6, 1978 in the village of Sakkipara in Sitetway district, where there were mass arrests and torture of alleged collaborators and sympathizers of the Mujahid rebels, who had been waging a bloody and vicious guerilla war for decades. Over three months, approximately 150,000 to 200,000 Muslims fled to neighboring Bangladesh, where the Muslim government of Bangladesh offered them shelter in makeshift camps. The United Nations recognized them as refugees and began a relief operation.! CITIZENSHIP ISSUE: Phillips brings up the citizenship issue - as if it should be unquestionably granted, regardless of any issues such as described here:! WHY THE 'ROHINGYA' SHOULD NOT BE GIVEN CITIZENSHIP IN BURMA! ! •! First, all countries in the world can set their respective citizenship laws to meet their security issues as they see fit. No country would give citizenship to a group of people who are actively waging war against it or trying to seize land from the country, or teach and espouse a hatred and intolerance of the country. 2! 2 ! •! Secondly, some of the Bengali Muslim residents who are eligible to be granted citizenship should doubtlessly be granted it, as the Myanmar government and leading politicians have clearly stated so. ! ! •! However, the Rohingya, as a collective entity, say that they want citizenship, but they DO NOT want to live in the country of Burma/Myanmar which is governed and dominated by infidels (non-Muslims). They have no deep history, or cultural artifacts in Arakan (despite the fact that many of them assume and believe the false history that they have embedded into their rhetoric and nationalism). The Bengali Muslims are quite different then the many other ethnicities of Burma who DO have deep roots, culture and tradition in their homeland. Importantly, unlike the Rohingya, the other ethnicities do not have the goal of ethnic purity nor the fanaticism to fight a holy war for their goals. ! ! •! The Rohingya want citizenship, but NOT so they can happily live with other religions and ethnicities around them, and NOT so they can enjoy and participate in the other peoples festivals and traditions. They want citizenship so that they can then DEMAND their own Muslim State (which will quickly push out or kill the remaining infidels) and then DECLARE themselves an independent Islamic State, ruled by Shariah Law, and free from infidel Burma. ! ! •! In other words, they see citizenship as a way, eventually, to NOT be citizens of Burma/ Myanmar. ! ! •! Giving them citizenship would lead to a much greater disaster and much more killing, as they believe it is the duty of Muslims to purify their land by driving the infidels out, and destroying the remnants of the infidel history. Most likely the Buddhists and others would be eliminated - by killing or chasing them out of their deeply rooted homeland and the world-class historical sites, such as Mrauk U (large ruined former capital of the Rakhine Buddhists’ Mrauk-U kingdom) would be looted, damaged, and destroyed. ! ! •! The Rohingya don’t deserve citizenship, because, they don’t want to be true citizens who sees themselves as equal members of a country, and have the desire to work together and to live together with respect and harmony, and to build a better nation for all. ! ! •! It is a dire situation, and the recommendations and solutions that outsiders propose may seem to be ‘correct’, ‘democratic’, ‘humane’, ‘modern’, ‘liberal’, BUT, this conflict may require actions that don’t come from the safe environment of a U.N. officials desk, a Western Think Tank, or a Human Rights committee. ! ! 3 ! ! Paragraphs 7,8,9,10:! ! Disinformation muddles the view of Myanmar's Muslims. They are mischaracterized as expansionist, driven by an agenda to "Islamicize" the country. Islam is portrayed as a violent religion, which supports forced conversion and institutionalizes violence.! ! For sure, there are many examples where Muslim extremists exploit feelings of anger or resentment of injustice to justify extremism. In such instances, they use oppression as an excuse for violence to advance a radical ideology. They embrace jihad to advance their extremist ideology. They reject constitutional democracy as the basis for secular government, because it empowers human rulers over the laws of God.! ! For many Muslims, however, the term Islamist simply describes an orthodox Muslim who is devoted to Islamic studies and an Islamic way of life. They distinguish between "Lesser Jihad," which is warfare and "Greater Jihad," which is the personal struggle of each individual to live a righteous life inspired by the teachings of Mohammed. Jihad is a struggle to extend the boundaries of peace, purify Islam, and create a just social order. They reject fanaticism citing traditions of pluralism, cosmopolitanism, and open-mindedness within Islam. Moreover, they insist that violence committed in the name of God contradicts the traditions and noble values of Islam.! ! The word Islam is derived from the Arabic word for peace (Salam). The Qur'an opens with an invocation of God's mercy and repeatedly urges Muslims to practice patience, compassion and kindness. It portrays God as merciful and compassionate. "God does not love those who do wrong" (Qur'an 42:40). It embraces tolerance, emphasizing the importance of dialogue and communication between people. "Fight in the way of God with those who fight you, but aggress not: God loves not aggressors" (Qur'an 2:190). It forbids murder and suicide. "Nor take life, which Allah has made sacred, except for just cause"(Qur'an 17:33). "Do not kill yourselves" (Qur'an 4:29). The Qur'an also encourages Muslims to treat others with justice, securing for them safety on Muslim territories and imposing a blood payment on anyone who violates their rights. "(Allah) made you into nations and tribes so you may know each other" (Qur'an 49:13). "Whoever kills a is as if he had slain mankind entirely. And whoever saves one - it is as if he had saved mankind entirely." (Qur'an 2:256).! ! ! About paragraphs 7,8,9,10:! ! Paragraph 7 is funny, a joke, absurd - except it is deadly serious in its opposite truth. ! • Disinformation is a hallmark of the Muslim world unfortunately - and I don’t need to waste time with examples - it’s obvious.! • Islam has always been expansionist - and doing so by the sword. Mohammed himself led armies that conquered slaughtered, cut off heads of men, raped and enslaved women. Buddha, Jesus, and others certainly didn’t do that. Islam slaughter its way across Africa to Spain, and across Persia, The Roman Empire in Turkey, Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, etc.! • Forced conversion was, and still is, an Islamic principal used and abused in so many places. And violence, advocating violence, and justifying violence has always been a part of Islam. That doesn’t mean that all Muslims are that way. Fortunately there are many good Muslims who choose NOT to obey the Qur’an, and choose to ignore the brutal parts of Islam. ! • What Phillips says about the term ‘Jihad’ and the quotes from the Qur’an he offers are ridiculous. We see Jihad again and again as bombs blow up from Boston to Mumbai to London, to Baghdad and so many other places. It is common knowledge that earlier verses in the Qur’an are dismissed in favor of later verses when there is a contradiction. ! • ! 4 • Here are verses that are commonly quoted, shouted, and believed by Muslims blowing themselves up, or beheading, shooting and terrorizing people who are not like them:! THE QUR’AN JUSTIFIES TAKING LAND FROM INFIDELS (NON-MUSLIMS)
 Qur’an 33.27 “And  He  made  you  heirs  to  their  land  and  their  dwellings  and  their  property,  and  (to)  a   land which  you  have  not  yet  trodden,  and  Allah  has  power  over  all  things.”
 Qur’an21:44 “Do  they  see  Us  advancing,  gradually  reducing  the  land  (in  their  control),  curtailing  its   borders on  all  sides?  It  is  they  who  will  be  overcome”.   _____________________________________________________________ THE QUR’AN JUSTIFIES RAPE OF INFIDEL WOMEN
 Rape of Buddhist women is very high in Rakhine State because of this attitude towards infidel women and these ‘holy verses’ of Allah’s words. Qur’an  4.24  "All  married  women  are  prohibited  to  you,  except  those  whom  your  right  hand  possesses   (a  way  to  say  'Captured')  as  the  prisoners  of  war,  who  Allah  has  assigned  to  you.” _______________________________________________________________________ THE QUR’AN and ISLAMIC LAW JUSTIFY KILLING THOSE WHO LEAVE ISLAM
 Al-­‐Azhar  Islamic  Research  Academy  endorsed  manual  of  Islamic  Law,  Umdat  al-­‐Salik  (pp.  595-­‐96): "Leaving  Islam  is  the  ugliest  form  of  unbelief  (kufr)  and  the  worst....  When  a  person  who  has  reached   puberty  and  is  sane,  voluntarily  apostasizes  from  Islam,  he  deserves  to  be  killed.  In  such  a  case,  it  is  ask  him  to  repent  and  return  to  Islam.  If  he  does  it  is  accepted  from  him,  but  if  he   refuses,  he  is  immediately  killed." _______________________________________________________________________ THE QUR’AN TEACHES INTOLERANCE OF INFIDELS
 Their faith instructs them not to be friends with non-muslims, and not to recognize or attend their religious festival and ceremonies. Qur’an  5:51  "O  You  who  believe,  take  not  the  non-­‐believers  (Jews,  ChrisUans,  Buddhists,  Hindus,  etc)   for  friends. They  are  friends  of  each  other.  And  who  amongst  you  takes  them  for  friends  he  is  indeed   one  of  them.” ____________________________________________________________________________   THE QUR’AN JUSTIFIES HATE, VIOLENCE AND CONTEMPT FOR INFIDELS Qur’an  8:55  “Surely  the  vilest  of  beasts  in  Allah's  sight  area  those  who  disbelieve.” Qur’an  8:59  “The  infidels  should  not  think  that  they  can  get  away  from  us.  Prepare  against  them   whatever  arms  and  weaponry  you  can  muster  so  that  you  may  terrorize  them.  They  are  your  enemy   and  Allah’s  enemy.” Qur’an  8.12  “I  will  cast  terror  into  the  hearts  of  those  who  disbelieve.  Therefore  strike  off  their  heads   and  strike  off  every  fingerUp  of  them.” 5 Qur’an  47:4  “When  you  meet  the  unbelievers,  smite  (cut  off)  their  necks,  then  when  you  have  made   wide  slaughter  among  them,  Ue  fast  the  bonds,  then  set  them  free,  either  by  grace  or  ransom,  unUl  the   war  lays  down  its  burdens.”  -­‐  47:4 Qur’an  9:41  “Whether  unarmed  or  well-­‐equipped,  march  on  and  fight  for  the  cause  of  Allah,  with  your   wealth  and  your  persons.”  -­‐  9:41 Qur’an  9:73  “Make  war  on  the  unbelievers  and  the  hypocrites.  Be  harsh  with  them.  Their  ulUmate   abode  is  hell,  a  hapless  journey's  end.” Qur’an  48:25  “Muslims  are  harsh  against  the  unbelievers,  merciful  to  one  another.”   _____________________________________________________________________ THE QUR’AN REFERS TO BUDDHISTS AND HINDUS AS ‘IDOL WORSHIPERS’ Qur’an  8:39  “Make  war  on  them  unUl  idolatry  is  no  more  and  Allah's  religion  reigns  supreme.” Qur’an  9:2-­‐3  “Allah  will  humble  the  unbelievers.  Allah  and  His  apostle  are  free  from  obligaUons  to     idol-­‐worshipers.  Proclaim  a  woeful  punishment  to  the  unbelievers.” Qur’an  -­‐  9:5  “When  the  sacred  months  are  over,  slay  the  idolaters  wherever  you  find  them.  Arrest   them,  besiege  them,  and  lie  in  ambush  everywhere  for  them.” Qur’an  -­‐  9:29  "Fight  those  who  do  not  believe  in  Allah  or  in  the  Last  Day  and  who  do  not  consider   unlawful  what  Allah  and  His  Messenger  have  made  unlawful  and  who  do  not  adopt  the  religion  of   truth  from  those  who  were  given  the  Scripture  -­‐  [fight]  unUl  they  give  the  jizyah  willingly  while  they  are   humbled."  -­‐-­‐  9:29 Jiyzah  is  a  tax  that  non-­‐muslims  had  to  pay  in  order  to  keep  their  own  religion  -­‐  for  a  Mme  -­‐  when   Muslims  needed  the  skills  and  brains  of  non-­‐Muslims  -­‐  eventually  they  would  be  given  the  choice  of   convert  or  die.  However,  Buddhist  and  Hindus  were  NOT  given  a  chance  to  pay  jizyah  -­‐  they  were  only   given  the  choice  of  convert  or  die,  because  Muslims  were  parMcularly  intolerant  of  people  who  were   not  monotheist  (believers  in  only  one  god). The Buddhists Have No Similar Text Anywhere In The Buddhist Scriptures ————————————————————————————————— The rest of this absurdly wrong, and manipulative paper by David L. Phillips, his text: ! Myanmar's leaders and people deserve great credit for embracing democracy and political transition. However, further steps are needed to consolidate reforms and social progress.! ! The suffering of Rohingya can be addressed via unfettered humanitarian access. Displaced persons must be able to return home in safety and with dignity. And the government should provide a path to citizenship.! ! 6 The rule of law is paramount. Entrenching the rule of law is the best way to build confidence in Rakhine and other religiously diverse communities. Inter-communal violence can be mitigated when parties feel their interests are upheld through the administration of justice, and disputes can be resolved fairly by an impartial and competent judiciary. Columbia University's School of Law is working with members of parliament, educators and civil society to help strengthen the rule of law.! ! Historical dialogue can also contribute to durable peace. Developing a shared narrative, while listening to and developing respect for disparate views, will promote reconciliation. Experts from Columbia's Alliance for Historical Dialogue are available to assist discussions about shared history.! ! Columbia just convened an "Inter-Faith Dialogue: Religious Roots of Social Harmony"(Yangon, January 19). The meeting was attended by leading religious scholars and practitioners of the Buddhist, Muslim and Christian traditions. Participants agreed that religion must never be used to justify violence. Their joint statement condemned hate speech, which promotes extremism and can incite conflict.! ! Participants also explored practical outcomes. They agreed to develop curricula on social harmony drawing from teachings in Theravada Buddhism, as well as from the Qur'an and Sunna. The project emphasizes grassroots education on religious teachings of social harmony in parts of the country where sectarianism is most divisive. It will also promote other confidence-building measures, including reciprocal visits to holy sites.! ! The people of Myanmar must take the lead in an inclusive dialogue on the country's problems. However, international institutions can help with capacity building and other types of expertise - strengthening the rule of law, facilitating discussion on shared history, and supporting inter-faith dialogue. An inclusive dialogue enhances mutual understanding, which is an alternative to demonization justifying communal violence.! ! Mr. Phillips is Director of the Program on Peace-building and Rights at Columbia University's Institute for the Study of Human Rights.! ! My response to the rest of this absurdly wrong paper by David L. Phillips:! ! Phillips mentions the ‘suffering of Rohingya’ and ‘Displaced persons’ - but he has nothing to say about the suffering of the Rakhine Buddhists, and the many many Buddhists killed, displaced, ethnically cleansed, and falsely accused. Nowhere in his paper does he have ANYTHING nice to say about the Buddhists. And, as I’ve shown above, he is completely wrong about the history of the region as well as the history of Islam, and the characteristics of Islam.! ! Phillips talks of ‘developing a shared narrative’ - like his slanted biased paper? Reciprocal visits to holy sites? When was the last time a Buddhist, or any non-muslim infidel, was allowed to go to Mecca? What would happen in the Muslim world if a Buddhist (especially a Rakhine Buddhist) were to go to Mecca and chant a Buddhist scripture, or practice Vipassana Meditation around the black box? How many Buddhists around the world would be killed for that ‘contamination’ of Mecca? Meanwhile, Muslims are free to come into any church or temple - to see, to pray, or to blow themselves up in the name of their God.! ! His agenda, as spelled out in this paper is a death sentence for the people, the culture, the Buddhism, and the history of the Rakhine Buddhists ( and the other non-Muslims) of Arakan. ! 7 And, the Muslims would have no regret, no remorse, and would soon be doing the same in the rest of Burma - as they are in southern Thailand, Chittagong Hills in Bangladesh, against the Christians of Egypt, Nigeria, Lebanon, Syria, Iraq, Indonesia, Philippines, and so many other places.! ! Read more here: ! especially the big report: Conflict and Violence in Arakan…….! ! SEE this photo video gallery of Arakan:! ! SEE many short videos about Burma:! ! ! ! 8