1. A Pelton wheel works under a head of 220 m. The nozzle diameter is 20 cm and the coefficient of velocity is 0.98. The wheel operates at 250 rev/min and develops 3.75 MW of power. Assuming that the blade outlet angle is 16 deg. and the jet speed ratio is 0.46, make calculations for the wheel diameter at the pitch circle of the blade, the hydraulic efficiency and the turbine efficiency. (ans : 2.26 m, 97.4 %, 85.97 %)
2. A Pelton wheel is required to develop 6 MW when working under a head of 300 m. It rotates with a speed of 550 rpm. Assuming jet ratio as 10 and overall efficiency as 85 %, calculate : i)diameter of wheel ii) number of jets. (ans : 1.225 m, 3 nos (approx))
3. It is desired to generate 1 MW of power and survey reveals that 450 m of static head and a minimum flow of 0.3 m3/s is available. Check if the task can be accomplished by installing a Pelton wheel that turns 1000 rpm and has an efficiency of 80 %. Design the Pelton wheel by assuming suitable values for coeff. of velocity, speed ratio and velocity coeff. for the jet.
4. A double overhung Pelton wheel is directly coupled to a 25 MW generator which has an efficiency of 95 %. Find the power generated by each turbine runner. If each of the above runner operates under an effective head of 300 m at the base of the nozzle, find : 1)size of the jet, 2)mean diameter of the runner, 3) synchronous and specific speeds of each wheel. Take overall efficiency as 86%, coeff of nozzle velocity as 0.97, speed ratio of 0.45 and jet ratio as 12; frequency of generator f= 50 cycles per second and pair of poles p=16.
5. At a particular hydroelectric power plant, water available under a head of 250 m is delivered to the power house through three pipes each 2500 m long. Through these pipes, friction loss is estimated to be 20 m. The project is required to produce a total shaft output of 13.2 MW by installing a number of single jet Pelton wheels whose specific speed is not to exceed 38.5. The following data maya be used wheel speed : 650 rpm ratio of bucket to jet speed = 0.46 overall efficiency = 85 % for nozzle vel coeff= 0.97, coeff of discharge = 0.94
1. A Pelton wheel 0.9 m in diameter develops 675 kW when operating under a head of 145 m and running at 500 rpm. The rate of flow of water through the nozzle is 0.55 m3/s and the angle of deflection of the jet is 165 deg. If the friction and the windage losses amount to 5 % of velocity head of the jet, make an energy balance of the wheel. Take velocity ceoff. for the nozzle as
0.97.
2. The three-jet Pelton turbine is required to generate 10 MW under a net head of 400 m. The blade angle at outlet is 15 deg. and the reduction in the relative velocity while passing over the blade is 5 %. If the overall efficiency of the wheel is 80%, Cv=0.98 and speed ratio = 0.46, then find : i) the diameter of the jet ii) total flow in m3/s and iii) the force exerted by a jet on the buckets. If the jet ratio is not to be less than 10, find the speed of the wheel for a frequency of 50 Hz and the corresponding wheel diameter.
3.
Design a pelton turbine for the following site conditions. Gross head = 400 m. Power to be developed = 30 MW. Penstock length = 2 km.