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FAM0035 CALCULUS 2014

TUTORIAL
CALCULATING LIMITS
Find
1.

3.

lim

5.

lim

7.

9.

1
1

lim

+ 2
3 +2

4.

lim

6.

lim

8.

lim

10.

lim

| 2|
2

lim

+1

2 1 2
23

lim

lim

2.

+93
2
1

3 2
5 +4 +1
+
3

+3 2+
5

Answers : 2, , 3, , 1 , , 0 , , 2 ,
"

"

DERIVATIVES (DIFF. FORMULAS, TRIGO, FUNCTIONS & CHAIN RULE)

Differentiate the function

1.

3.

)=

5.

= 2

+3

'

2.

( ) =

4.

)=

1
3
'
)
)
2 +1

Suppose that * 5 = 1, * + 5 = 6, - 5 = 3 and -+ 5 = 2


Find the following values
a)

*-

6.

8.

= 2 3

'

b)

+3

1 JAN 2014

2
'

* -

"

+ +1

"

c) -*

7.

) = cos 2 +

9.

) = sin 2 + 1

) + 5)

FAM0035 CALCULUS 2014


10. ) = tan 4

11.

) = sin

12. ) = sin tan 2

13.

) =6 +

14. ) = sin sin sin

15.

) = 2 + cos

16. ) = sin

17.

)=7

19.

= 2; sin ; + <
constants

21.

?
5
?

18. ) = 9
20. -

":

+ 13

= tan 5 sin 2

22. ) = 7

24. * C =

'

cos

+1
8
1

23.

) = sec tan

sin C
1 + cos C

25.

; = sin C

27.

) = 4 +3

26. ) = sin D 2

, where >, <, ; are

' @

1
8

, where 2 is constant

cos 2C

+1

'

Answer :
1.

= 14

%+

5. a) -16 b) F , c) 20

8. 2 3

+1

12. 2 sec 2 cos tan 2


16.

OPQJSK

+ sin

19. 2>; cos ;


22. 4

'

6. 10
28
13.

+1+

'

'

=E

18. 39

cos

+ 13

tan tan

, 4. ) + =

IE

sin 2 +

cos sin

":

cos sin

sec

15. 3 sin cos

92 15 1 3

20. 2 cos 2 sec 5 sin 2

23. sec tan

IJ E IK
E I I

+ 3 7. 3

14. cos cos sin sin

26. 2D sin D 2 cos D 2 25. 2C cos 2C cos C

2 JAN 2014

12 7 11. cos

IE

2; sin ; + <

+3

'

I
J IL K

17.

'

'

6, 2. ( + ) = 5 + G H + GI , 3. ) + =

21. 7 5
24.

2 sin 2C sin C

':

15

'

QUV W
LOPQ W I

27.

' L
L

4 +7

FAM0035 CALCULUS 2014


TUTORIAL 2
DERIVATIVES (IMPLICIT, LOGARITHMIC, EXPONENTIAL FUNCTIONS)
Find
+

1.

=6

3.

= tan

7.

sin

9.

2 +

11.

13.

sin

8.

=3

10.

= 1+

12.

1+

+ tan

=1

sin

=
1
+1

4.

6.

tan

2.

5.

15.

by implicit differentiation

1+

14.

16.

sec

=0
+

=7

is constant

= sin
= 1+
=

tan

Answer :
"

1.
7.

"
.
/

$ &

*+,- 0"

13.

*+,3 & 4$
*+,

& $

#$

, 2.

"

.
/

$()*- 0

, 8.

()*3 & 4

()*

1 JAN 2014

&

, 3.

$#

14.

&$

#$

&

%" & $
$ %" &

, 9. 21

&

" $#
&
"

15.

&

, 4.

10.

,
"# &

&$

5. cos

% $
%
& &$ 2

, 11.

&
"3#" & 4 *5(&

#" & 6 #" & *5( &

6.

2"

"#7

16.

()*&

, 12.

#$ & ()*3
()*

*5(& $*5(

*5( 89, $89,

&4

&

FAM0035 CALCULUS 2014


Differentiate the function.
1.

= ln

+ 10

2.

= cos ln

3.

= log

4.

= ln

5.

: ? = #$@, A

6.

= ln - +

7.

8.

#"@, A

ln 1 + =

>

= ln

10

sin
F& $G &

9.

= 1089, C

10.

11.

= 6ln 1 + = 7

12.

= log = $ cos K

13.

=2

14.

15.

= ln sec + tan

16.

= ln ln ln

18.

17.

= = M cos N + N , is constant

19.

21.

25.

1 + =$

& "#R

()* " *+,


*+,

13. 2 2

L&

&

2.

*+, @,

6S L $S XL 7&

@,

4.

9. 1089, C ln 10 sec T 10.


ln 2 ln 3 14.

19. = M cos N sin N + + N


23.

"#

3.

#$ @,
%

5.

$ F& G

F2 $G 2

15. sec

20. = V +
&

A #$@, A &

&

11.

16.
#

1
1 + ln

= =
= = P 89, , Q is constant
&

24.

: ? = sin 3= *+, A 4

26.

6.

& $#

S L @, #"S L
#"S L
#

#"@,

&

S/

7.

+ ln 1 + =

#"S /

12.

17.

U *+, U "()* U
()* U @,

@, @, @,

18.

W 21. = A cos = A + = *+, A cos ? 22.

24. 2 sin 2? sin3= *+, A 4 cos3= *+, A 4 = *+,

2 JAN 2014

, I is constant

=
1+

22.

= + =$
= =$

Answer : 1.

=
=

F& "G &

ln

20.

: ? = sin = A + = *+, A

23.

8.

L&

D E = ln 1

&A

25.

S X&L #$

#" S X&L

26.

= +2 =

SL

#"
P

&

sec = P 89,

FAM0035 CALCULUS 2014


TUTORIAL 3
INDETERMINATE FORM & LHOPITALS RULE)
Find the limit. Use LHopitals rule where appropriate.
+ 6
2

1.

lim

3.

lim

5.

2.

lim

cos

cos
1
ln

sin
1

4.

lim

6.

lim

8.

lim

10.

lim

1
1

1 + ln
1 + cos

7.

lim

9.

lim

11.

lim

ln
1

12.

lim

13.

lim

sin 4
tan 5

14.

lim

15.

lim

2 sin
2 + cos

16.

lim

17.

lim

18.

lim

lim

sin
cos 1

ln

Answer :5, , , , %
)

1 JAN 2014

&,

*'

1 +

%ln &

, , 1, -2, , 1, , , 0 , 0, 0, 0, 0
,

'

1
2

FAM0035 CALCULUS 2014


TUTORIAL 4
DERIVATIVES (RELATED RATES)

1.

A man starts walking north at 1.2 m/s from a point P. Five minutes later a woman start
walking south at 1.6 m/s from a point 200 m due east of P. At what rate are the people
moving apart 15 min after the woman start walking? [ 2.79 ] ,

2. If two resistors with resistances


then the total resistance

and

are connected in parallel, as in the figure,

, measured in ohms

=
If

and

is given by

are increasing at rates of 0.3 and 0.2 respectively, how fast is

changing when

= 80 and

= 100 [0.132 ]

3. A 13 ft ladder is leaning against a house when its base starts to slide away. By the time
the base is 12 ft from the house, the base is moving at the rate of 5 ft/sec.
a) How fast is the top of the ladder sliding down the wall? [-12 ft/s]
b) At what rate is the area of the triangle formed by the ladder, wall and ground
changing? [-59.5 ft/s]
c) At what rate is the angle between the ladder and the ground changing? [-1 rad/s]
4. A girl flies a kite at a height of 300 ft, the wind carrying the kite from her a rate of 25
ft/s. How fast must she let out the string when the kite is 500 m away from her? [20
ft/s]
5. At noon, ship A is 100 km west of ship B. Ship A is sailing south at 35 km/hr and ship B
is sailing north at 25 km/hr. How fast is the distance between the ships changing at
4.00 pm? [55.4 km/hr]
6. A runner sprints around a circular track of radius 100 m at a constant speed of 7 m/s.
The runners friend is standing at a distance of 200 m from the center of the track.
How fast is the distance between the friends changing when the distance between them
is 200m? [6.78 m/s]
7. Sand falls from a conveyor belt at the rate of 10

onto the top of a conical pile.

The height of the pile is always 3/8 of the base diameter. How fast is the radius
changing when the pile is 4 m high? [1532

1 JAN 2014

FAM0035 CALCULUS 2014


8. A cube is expanding so that its volume is increasing at a constant rate of 12.3

How fast is the surface area changing at the instant when the volume is 27
[16.1

/ ]

2 JAN 2014

/ .
?

FAM0035 CALCULUS 2014


TUTORIAL 5
DERIVATIVES
(OPTIMIZATION)

1. A closed 3 dimensional box is to be constructed in such a way that its volume is


4500

. It is also specified that the length of the base is 3 times the width of

the base. Find the dimensions of the box, which must satisfies these conditions and
will result in the minimum possible surface area of the box. [10, 30, 15]
2. A farmer wants to fence an area of 1.5 million square feet in a rectangular field and
divide it in half with a fence parallel to one of the sides of the rectangle. How can
he do this as to minimize the cost of the fence? [1000 ft by 1500 ft]
3. A rectangular storage container with an open top is to have a volume of 10

. The

length of its base is twice the width. Material for the base costs RM10.00 per
square meter. Material for the sides cost RM6.00 per square meter. Find the cost
of materials for the cheapest such container. [RM163.54]
4. Find the dimensions of the rectangle of the largest area that can be inscribed in a
circle of radius r.
5. A piece of wire 10 m long is cut into two pieces. One piece is bent into a square and
the other is bent into an equilateral triangle. How should the wire be cut so that
the total area enclosed is (a) maximum

(b) minimum? [use all of the wire for the

square, 403 9 + 43 m for the square]


6. The top and bottom margins of a poster are each 6 cm and side margins are each 4
cm. If the area of the printed material on the poster is fixed at 384

, find the

dimensions of the poster with the smallest area. [ 24 cm, 36 cm]


7. Find two positive integers such that the sum of the first number and four times the
second number is 1000 and the product of the numbers is as large as possible. [500
and 125]

1 JAN 2014

FAM0035 CALCULUS 2014


8. For insurance purposes, a manufacturer plans to fence in a 10,800

rectangular

storage area adjacent to a building by using the building as one side of the enclosed
area. The fencing parallel to the building faces a highway and will cost RM3 per
foot installed, whereas the fencing for the other two sides costs RM2 per foot
installed. Find the amount of each type of fence so that the total cost of the fence
will be a minimum. What is the minimum cost? [ 120 and 90, RM720]
9. A box with an open top is to be constructed from a square piece of cupboard, 3 ft
wide, but cutting out a square from each of the four corners and bending up the
sides. Find the largest volume that such a box can have. [2

2 JAN 2014

FAM0035 CALCULUS 2014


TUTORIAL 6
INTEGRATION
(Basic Integration and Integration by Substitution)

Evaluate
1.

x5 + 2 x 2 1
dx
x4

2.

[4 sin x + 2 cos x] dx

3.

sec x(sec x + tan x ) dx

4.

cos

5.

6.

(x

7.

x dx

8.

(4 x + 3) dx

9.

3
dt
t4

10.

11.

(3 + x x )dx

12.

5
1

(1 3 x)dx

x2 1
dx
x 1

13.

15.

Solve the IVP

dy 3
= x,
dx

i)

16.
18.

2 x (x
(x

+1

5x4
5

dx

dx

+1

10

y (1) = 2

sin x
dx
2
x

+ 2 x 5 dx

1
dx
x

t 3

dt
2

x dx
x

14.

ii)

dy
1
= sin t + 1, y =
dt
3 2

17.

19.

21.

1 + x dx

x2
x3 + 1

dx

20.

22.

sin (x + 9) dx

23.

cos 2 x dx

24.

x cos(3x ) dx

25.

26.

cos

2t sin 2t dt

27.

[csc(sin x )] cos x dx

( x ) dx

29.

28.

7t 2 + 12 dt

sec2

1 JAN 2014

4 5x2

dx

sec 2 (x 3 ) dx
2

( x ) dx

sin 5
x2

FAM0035 CALCULUS 2014

30.

3
x sin1 + x 2 dx

31.

cos x sin(sin x ) dx

33.

35.

37.

x ln x dx

39.

32.

34.

36.

ex
e x + 1 dx

2
0

1 + e x dx

sin 2
d
cos 2 2

38.

40.

sin 2 x
sin x dx

8
0

x cos( x 2 ) dx

x
dx
+1

cos t

sin t dt

41.

x+2

dx

x 2 + 4x

(ln

x + 2)
dx
x

Answers :
1)

x2 2
1
+ 3 +C
2 x 3x

2)

4)

sec x + C

6) 21

5) -30

4 cos x + 2 sin x + C
7)

5
2

9)

7
8

tan x + sec x + C

10) 2

11)

17
5

12)

(x

20
7
13)
3
2
2

+1
11

11

14)

5
6

17)

7
3
2
(1 + x ) 2 4 (1 + x )5 2 + 2 (1 + x ) 2 + C
7
5
3

20)

1
7t 2 + 12
21

24)

1
sin (3 x 2 ) + C
6

25)

1
1
tan x 3 + C 26) cos 4 2t + C 27) cot(sin x) + C
3
8

28)

2 tan x + C

29)

3
1 5
2
cos + C 30) cos1 + x 2 + C 31) 0

5 x
3

33)

1
ln (x 2 + 1) + C
2

34)

3
2
(
1 + ex ) 2 + C
3

15)

3 4
5
i) y ( x ) = x 3 +
4
4

8) 138

3)

+C

37) ln ln x + C 38)

2 JAN 2014

1
2

21)

ii)

y (t ) = cos t + t + 1
18)

1
+C
x +1

16)

19)

+C

12
2 3
x +1 + C
3

1
1
4 5 x 2 + C 22) cos( x + 9 ) + C 23) sin 2 x + C
5
2

2 1 39)

35)

x 2 + 4x + C

ecos t + C

36)

40) 2 sin x + C 41)

32)

1 cos 1

ln e x + 1 + C

(ln x + 2)3
3

+C

FAM0035 CALCULUS 2014


TUTORIAL 7
INTEGRATION BY PARTS
1.

cos 5

2.

3.

ln(2 + 1)

4.

5.

(ln )

6.

7.

sin 3

8.

9.

10.

cos 3
sec 2
sin 3
ln

cos

11.

cos ln(sin )

13.

cos (1 + sin

15.

ln(1 +

16.

17.

tan

18.

cos

20.

19.

+ 1)

Answer : 1)
3)

12.

sin 5 +

cos 5 + & 2)

(2 + 1) ln(2 + 1) + & 4)

11) sin (ln sin 1) + & 12)


14) tan (sin ) + & 15)
3) + & 17)
20)

tan +
$

1 JAN 2014

+&

(ln 2)

ln(1 +

+ + ln(

sin 3 + ' cos 3

tan 2 ln|sec 2 | + & 5)

(2 sin 3 3 cos 3 ) + & 7)

& 6)

cos
1 + sin

14.

(ln )

8)

ln 2 9)

+
ln 2
%

) 2 + 2 tan

+ 1) + & 18)

13) sin +

(ln ) 2 ln + 2 +
10)

1234 $

+ & 16) 5

$ (cos

sin 3 + &

+&

! (4

,- + 6 330
+6

+ sin ) + & 19) 6

+6 +
+3

FAM0035 CALCULUS 2014

TRIGONOMETRIC INTEGRALS
sin

1.

3.

cos

2.

4.

cos% sin

cos

sin 3

5.

sec

6.

tan

7.

sin 5 sin 2

8.

sin 3 cos

Answer : 1)
5)

tan

cos % cos

+ tan + & 6)

8) cos 4 cos 2 + &


5

2 JAN 2014

+ & 2)

sec

3)

4)

sec + & 7)

sec

sin% sin)

sin 3
+

+ sin' + &
'

sin 7 + &

FAM0035 CALCULUS 2014


TUTORIAL 8
Integration Involving Inverse Trigonometric Functions and Strategy for
Integration
1.

+1

3.

5.

1+2
cos(ln )

7.

9.

1

+1

2.

+ 1) ln(

+ 1)

4.

6.

1+

cos
1 + sin

8.

tan ln(cos )

10.

sec tan

1 + sec

Answers :
1.

tan

+ ! , 2.

, 3.

sin (

) + ! , 4.

sin(ln ) + ! , 8. #ln(cos )$ + ! , 9. ln ln(

1 JAN 2014

, 5.

ln

"

6. ln 2 , 7.

+ 1) + ! , 10. ln|1 + sec | + !

FAM0035 CALCULUS 2014


Integration Involving Partial Fractions
1
3 4

1.
2

3.

9 9

*9
3

5.

9.

+6

Answer : 1)
0

12.

+2 2

+1

+ 10 +

+ 6 + 10

ln .

. + ! 2)

7) 3 ln ln| 1|
ln| + 1| + ! 10)

"
*

+ ln(

2 JAN 2014

( /*)0
.+!
*
1
(
)0 ( / )
+
ln
.
.
0
*

ln(2 1) + 3 ln( + 4) + ! 3) ln .

3 + ln| + 3| + ! 5) 3 + 12 ln| 2|

11) 3 tan

2 1

(4 1)( + 1)

10.

+2

2 10 + 4

( + 1)( 3)

8.

+3 + +9
( + 1)( + 3)

13.

6.

11.

4)

10

4 +4

( + 1)*

8

+3

4.

2 +3

( 1)

7.

11 + 17

2 +7 4

2.

+ ! 8)

ln|4 1| +

+ 3) + ! 12)

+ ! 6)

+ ln| 3| + ln| + 1| + ! 9)

*
2
ln(
"
0

+ 1) +

*
tan
"

2 + ln(

+!

+ 1) + !

( / )0

+!

FAM0035 CALCULUS 2014


TUTORIAL 9
AREAS, VOLUMES AND ARC LENGTH
AREAS
Sketch the region enclosed by the given curves. Find the area of the region.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

=
=

, =
+ 1, =

= , =
= 1 ,
=

1 ,
=

+ 4 ,

= 1,

=2

= 12

Answer : 1)

2)

3)

4)

5)

VOLUMES

Find the volume of the solid obtained by rotating the region bounded by the
given curves about the specified line. Sketch the region, the solid and typical
disk, washer or typical shell. Use appropriate method to solve (disk, washer or
cylindrical shell method)
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.

= 1,

= 1 ; about

= 1 ,
= ,

= ,
=

,
,

= 2,

= 0 ; about the x-axis.

=1

=2

= 1

; about

; about the x-axis

= 1,

= 0,
,

= 5,

; about

= 0 ; about the x-axis.

= 2,

= 0 ; about the y-axis

= 1 ; about the y-axis

= 0 ; about

Answer : 1)

2)

3)

=3

4)

5)

ARC LENGTH.
1 JAN 2014

6)

7) 2

8)

9)

FAM0035 CALCULUS 2014


1. Find the length of arc of the given curve from point A to point B.
7
67
12 = 4 + 3 ;
, 1! , "
, 2!
12
24
2. Find the length of the given curve.
i)

ii)

iii)
iv)
v)

Answer : 1)

&

= ln sec

= -

3 =2

2) i)

2 JAN 2014

1
'

, 1

, 1

, 0

3 , 0

ii)

, 2

iii) ln/2 + 10 iv) 12 v)

/55 220

FAM0035 CALCULUS 2014


TUTORIAL 10
SERIES

By using the appropriate test, determine whether the given series converge
or diverge.
2
3

1.

1
2

10.

+1

17.

Answer : 0 C,

24.

14.

18.

+
,

+5

1 JAN 2014

100

1 2
4 +1

+3

Answers : D, D, 1 D, 1 D, D, C , HS D, GS C

11.

15.

&

+2

19.

"

+1

3
5
1

! 10
3

12.

16.
*

1
ln

20.

7
1

.)

C, D , D, 0 C, D, HS D, p-series C, D, C, C AST, D DT

4 2 +6
8 /+ 8
0

6.

4
7

+4 !
4! ! 4

+1
+3

3.

ln

8.

4
7 1

13.

1
1

3 +2

2.

5.

+3

7.

21.

4.

9.

22.

25.

2 +4
+2

+2
+1

23.

26.

+1
1
1
2 +

+1
3 +1

FAM0035 CALCULUS 2014

+1

27.

28.

29.

+1

Answers : C C D C C C C D D

POWER SERIES
Find the radius of convergence and interval of convergence.

1
+1

3 1
+1

1.

4.

6.

5.
)

1+1

31 2
3

9.

2.

Answers : 1) 2 = 1 [1,1

2 13
+3

10.

2) 2 = [ , ] 3) 2 = + , +
*

* *

2 JAN 2014

8.

15

11.

41 + 1

4) 2 = 7 , 8 5) 2 =

1 1, 1] 6) 2 = 1 2, 0] 7) 2 = 2 4, 0] 8) 2 = 1 [4, 6] 9) 2 = 3 [ ,
11) 2 = [ , 0]

1 1
+1
1 1 + 2
2

7.

3.

10) 2 = [ ,