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Aryabhata II

4 Further reading

ryabhaa II (c. 920 c. 1000) was an Indian


mathematician and astronomer, and the author of the
Maha-Siddhanta. The numeral II is given to him to distinguish him from the earlier and more inuential ryabhaa
I.

Vagiswari, A. (2007). "ryabhaa II. In Thomas


Hockey et al. The Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers. New York: Springer. p. 64. ISBN 9780-387-31022-0. (PDF version)

Mahasiddhanta

Aryabhata IIs most eminent work was Mahasiddhanta.


The treatise consists of eighteen chapters and was written
in the form of verse in Sanskrit. The initial twelve chapters deals with topics related to mathematical astronomy
and covers the topics that Indian mathematicians of that
period had already worked on. The various topics that
have been included in these twelve chapters are: the longitudes of the planets, lunar and solar eclipses, the estimation of eclipses, the lunar crescent, the rising and setting of the planets, association of the planets with each
other and with the stars.
The next six chapters of the book includes topics such as
geometry, geography and algebra, which were applied to
calculate the longitudes of the planets. In about twenty
verses in the treatise, he gives elaborate rules to solve the
indeterminate equation: by = ax + c. These rules have
been applied to a number of dierent cases such as when
c has a positive value, when c has a negative value, when
the number of the quotients is an even number, when this
number of quotients is an odd number, etc.

Other contributions to maths

Aryabhata II also deduced a method to calculate the cube


root of a number, but his method was already given by
Aryabhata I, many years earlier. Indian mathematicians
were very keen to give the correct sine tables since they
played a vital role to calculate the planetary positions as
accurately as possible. Aryabhata II played a vital role in
it by constructing a sine table, which was accurate up to
ve decimal places.

References
O'Connor, John J.; Robertson, Edmund F.,
Aryabhata II, MacTutor History of Mathematics
archive, University of St Andrews.
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