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IEC 1082-1 (extracts)

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Type of current

Type of conductor

Alternating current

Conductor,
Control/auxiliary circuit

Direct current

Conductor,
Power/main circuit

Rectified current

3-phase power network

3-phase alternating current 50 Hz

3-phase power network


single-line representation

Earth

Neutral conductor (N)

Chassis connection

Protective earth conductor (PE)

Protective earth

Combined protective earth and neutral


conductor

Noise-free earth

Screened conductors

Twisted conductors

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IEC 1082-1 (extracts)

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Contacts
Normally open contact (N/O)
1 - main
2 - auxiliary

Changeover, break-before-make

Normally closed contact (N/O)


1 - main
2 - auxiliary

Changeover, make-before-break

Switch (general symbol)

Changeover, with open neutral position

Isolator

Contacts shown in actuated position


N/O : nomally closed
N/C : nomally open

Contactor (N/O pole)

Early make or break contacts


(operate after the other contacts of the
device)

Contactor (N/C pole)

Late make or break contacts


(operate after the other contacts of the
device)

Circuit breaker

Fleeting contact
(makes momentarily on energisation)

Disconnect switch

Fleeting contact
(makes momentarily on
de-energisation)

Disconnect switch with


automatic operation

N/O maintained contact

Fused isolator

Limit switch contacts


N/O : nomally open
N/C : nomally closed
Timed N/O and N/C contacts,
delay on energisation

Timed N/O and N/C contacts,


delay on de-energisation

Position switch having a break contact


with positive opening operation

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IEC 1082-1 (extracts)

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Control components

Measuring components

Electromagnetic device
(general symbol)

Measuring relay or indicator


(general symbol)

Electromagnetic device
Relay

Overcurrent relay
with magnetic operation

Electromagnetic device
Contactor

Overcurrent relay
with thermal operation

Electromagnetic device
(fitted with two coils)

Maximum current relay

Electromagnetic device
with delay on energisation

Undervoltage relay

Electromagnetic device
with delay on de-energisation

No-volt relay

Electromagnetic device
with remant magnetic latching

Frequency operated device

Electromagnetic device
with mechanical interlock

Float operated device

Electromagnetic device
with polarity conscious coil

Device operated by anumber of event

Electromagnetic device
Flashing relay

Flow operated device

Electromagnetic device
Fleeting-contact relay

Pressure operated device

Electromagnetic device
with delay on both energisation
and de-energisation
Electromagnetic device
RH relay with delay
de-energisation
Electromagnetic device
RH relay with fleeting-contact
on de-energisation
Electromagnetic device
Solenoid valve coil

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IEC 1082-1 (extracts)

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Mechanical controls
1 : Long mechanical link (form 1)
2 : Short mechanical link (form 2)

Manual operator with lever

Latching device

Manual operator with lever and knob

Latching device in latched position

Manual operator with key

Latching device in unlatched position

Manual operator with crank

Automatic reset

latching push-button with


automatic release

Non-automatic reset

Control by roller

Non-automatic reset engaged

Control by cam and roller

Mechanical interlock

Control by electric motor

Mechanical block

control by accmulated
mechanical energy

Mechanical block engaged,


movement to the left inhibited

Control by electric clock timer

Spring-return operator, push-tooperate

Control by clutch (disengaged)

Spring-return operator, pull-tooperate

Control by clutch (engaged)

Rotary operator, stayput

Liner operation : 1 to the right


2 to the left
3 to the left and right

Emergency-stop operator

Rotational operation : 1 to the right


2 to the left
3 to the left and right

handweel operator

Limited rotational operation


in both directions

pedal operator

Mechanism with free disengagement

Manual operator with guard

Graphic symbols
IEC 1082-1 (extracts)

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Electrical controls

Other types of controls

Proximity sensitive control

Pneumatic or hydraulic device,


single-acting

Turch control

Pneumatic or hydraulic device,


Double-acting

Control activated by the close


proximity of a magnet

Control activated by the close


proximity of ferrous material

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IEC 1082-1 (extracts)

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Miscellaneous components
Fuse

Phototransistor (PNP type)

Fuse with striker


("fuse blown" indicator)

Voltage transformer

Diode

Auto-transformer

Full-wave bridge rectifier


Standard symbol - Simplified symbol

Current transformer

Thyristor

Spark gap

NPN transistor

Lightning arrester

Capacitor

Starter
(general symbol)

Accumulator or battery cell

Star-delta starter

Resistor

Visual indicator
(general symbol)

Shunt

Ammeter

Inductance

Recording device
(general symbol)

Potentiometer

Recording ammeter

Voltage-dependent resistor
(varistor)

Counter
(general symbol)

Temperature-dependent resistor
(thermistor)

Watt-hour meter

Photo-dependent resistor
(photocell)

Clock

Photodiode

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IEC 1082-1 (extracts)

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Miscellaneous components (continued)
Brake
(general symbol)

Brake
(engaged)

Brake
(disengaged)

Valve

Solenoid valve

Impulse counter

Touch sensor

Proximity sensor

Inductive proximity sensor

Capacitive proximity sensor

Photo-electric detector

Inverter
(general symbol)

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IEC 1082-1 (extracts)

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Signalling

Terminals and connectors

Pilot light or illuminating lamp (1)

Branch circuit

Flashing pilot light (1)

Double branch circuit

Horn

Cross-over, without connection

Bell

Terminal

Siren

Terminal strip, with labels

Buzzer

Terminal strip, with labels

Sliding contact connector

Plug
1 - Main
2 - Auxiliary
Socket
1 - Main
2 - Auxiliary
Plug and socket
1 - Main
2 - Auxiliary
Banked plug and socket
Shown plugged-in

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IEC 1082-1 (extracts)

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Rotating electric machines
3-phase asynchronous motor
with short-circuited rotor bars
(squirrel cage)

a.c. alternator

Single-phase asynchronous motor

d.c. generator

3-phase asynchronous motor


with 2 separate stator windings
(2-speed motor)

Rotary converter
(3-phase s.c. to d.c.)
shunt excitation

3-phase asynchronous motor


with 6 terminals
(both ends of each winding are
accessible, for star-delta starting)

Separately wound
d.c. motor

3-phase asynchronous motor


with pole changing
(2-speed motor)

Series wound d.c. motor

3-phase asynchronous motor


slip-ring motor

Compound wound
d.c. motor

Permanent magnet motor

3-phase asynchronous motor


fitted with thermistors
(for motor thermal protection)

Graphic symbols
IEC 1082-1 (extracts)

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Comparative table showing
the most widely used symbols in both Standards
Symbols representing :

N/O contact
Main - Auxiliary

N/C contact
Main - Auxiliary

Timed contacts, on energisation

Timed contacts, on de-energisation

Fuses

Overload relays

Coils

Isolators

Circuit breakers

Motors

European
Standards

US
Standards