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Algebra Review

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ALGEBRA

1. Find x in the equation shown: 4x2 + 48x + 144 = 400

a. 16, 4

b. -16, 4

c. -32, 8

d. -4, 16

Answer: b

Solution:

4x2 + 48x 256 = 0

x2 + 12x 64 = 0

(x + 16)(x 4) = 0,

x = -16, x = 4

2. The age of a crocodile at the Manila Zoo 13 years ago was 1/3 of its age 7 years from now. How old is

the crocodile at present?

a. 15

b. 21

c. 23

d. 27

Answer: c

Solution:

Let x = present age, x 13 = age 13 years ago, x+ 7 = age 7 years from now

1/3 (x+7)=x-13

x + 7 = 3x 39

-2x = -46

x = 23

So, the crocodile is 23 years old at present.

3. An airplane flying with the wind can cover a certain distance in 2 hours. The return trip against the

wind takes 2.5 hours. How fast is the plane and what is the speed of the air, if the one-way distance is

600 miles? (Let x-speed of the plane, y-speed of the wind)

a. x = 40, y = 260

Answer: c

b. x = 30, y = 270

c. x = 270, y = 30

d. x = 230, y = 70

Solution:

600/(x+y)=2 , 600/(x-y)=5/2

2x + 2y = 600 ---------------- >

x + y = 300

x y = 240

----------------------2x = 540

x = 270

y = 300 270 = 30

speed of the plane: x = 270 , speed of the wind : y = 30

4. How many gallons of 20% alcohol solution and 50% alcohol solution must be mixed to get 9 gallons of

30% alcohol solution?

a.

b.

c.

d.

Answer: d

Solution:

(0.20)(x) + (0.50)(9-x) = (0.30)(9)

2x +45 5x = 27

-3x = -18

x = 6 gallons -------- > amount of 20% alcohol solution

y = 9 x = 3 gallons --------- > amount of 50% alcohol solution

5. How many different second order determinant can be formed from four different numbers?

a. 4

Answer: d

b. 8

c. 16

d. 24

Solution:

4! = 4 x 3 x 2 x 1 = 24

x

6. If

1

1

x3 3

1

x

x

, find the value of

A. -2

B. -1

C.1

D. 2

7. The product of two numbers is 16. If 1 is subtracted from each number, the product is 8. What is the

sum of the two numbers?

A.6

B.8

C.9

D.10

8. If (x + 2), (2x + 3), (5x 6) are consecutive terms of an arithmetic progression, the value of x equals

A.1

B. -1

C.5

D. 0

9. A rubber ball is dropped from a height of 27 m. Each time that it hits the ground it bounces to a height

2/3 of that from which it fell. Find the total distance travelled

by the ball until it comes to rest?

A. 80

B. 81

C. 135

D. infinite

10. A father is three times as old as his son. Four years ago, he was four times as old as his son. How old

is his son?

A.10

B.12

C. 15

D.16

11. An advertising rm has an old computer that can prepare a whole mailing in 6 hours.

With the help of a newer model the job is complete in 2 hours. How long would it

take the newer model to do the job alone?

a) 4

b) 3

c) 2

d) 1

12. Solve for x in the equation:

a) 37

2x 1 x 7 4 .

b) 8

c)

37

4

c) 61326 10 3

a) 61236 10 15

b) 61236 5 5

d)

7

4

d) 6123 10 15

++ =3

2 + 3 = 4

3 2 + = 2

a) 1

b)2

c) 3

d) 4

15. On a trip Harry drove a steady speed for 3 hours. An accident slowed his speed by 30 mph for

the last part of the trip. If the 190-mile trip took 4 hours, what was his speed during the first part

of the trip?

a) 45 mph

b) 55 mph

c) 15 mph

d) 25 mph

16. Paul can finish a job in 2 hrs less than John. Working together they can finish it in 2 hours and 24

minutes. How long would it take Paul to finish the job working alone?

a) 6 hrs

b) 4/5 hrs

c) 2 hrs

d) 4 hrs

17. To produce 100 liters that is 17% acid, Jennifer took some amount from a 40% acid solution and

a 60% acid solution then added 70 liters of pure water to the resulting mixture. How much of

the 40% acid solution was used?

a) 5 liters

b) 25 liters

c) 15 liters

d) 20 liters

18. The domain of the function f x x 2 4 is 1,3 . What is the domain and the range of its

inverse?

a) Domain: [5,-3] Range: [1,3]

c) Domain: (-3,5) Range: [1,3]

b) Domain: [5,-3) Range: [1,3]

d) Domain: [-3,5] Range: [1,3]

19. Rica ate a total of 100 raisins over a 5-day period. Each day, she ate six more raisins than on the

previous day. How many did he eat on the first day?

a) 24

b) 18

c) 14

d) 8

20. If 4x3 + 18x2 + 8x 4 is divided by 2x + 3, compute the remainder.

R(-3/2) = 4(-3/2) + 18(-3/2) + 8(-3/2) -4

= 11

A. 11

B. 9

C. -8

D. 10

21. A man is 41 years old and his son is 9. In how many years will the father be three times as old as his

son?

3 (9 + x) = 41 + x

27 + 3x = 41 + x

x=7

A. 5

B. 6

C. 7

D. 8

22. If (x + 2), (2x + 3), (5x 6) are consecutive terms of an arithmetic progression, the value of x equals

2x + 3 (x + 2) = 5x 6 (2x + 3)

x=5

A.1

B. -1

C.5

D. 0

23. The sum of two numbers is 40 and their difference is 16. Find the smaller number.

x + y = 40

x y = 16

x = 28

y = 12

A. 10

(1)

(2)

B. 12

C. 21

D. 3

24. A rectangular lot has a perimeter of 40 meters and an area of 96 sq. meters. What are the

dimensions of the lot?

a) 12 x 8 meters

b) 24 x 16 meters

c) 15 x 5 meters

d) 30 x 10 meters

25. Solve for x in the equation: + 1 4 + 9=0.

a) -2, 4

b) 2, -4

c) 2

a) 252 30 20

c) 8064 30 20

b) 252 15 10

d) 4

d) 8064 15 10

2 = 3

++ =4

3 = 4

a) 1

b)2

c) 3

d) 4

28. Determine the equation whose roots are the reciprocals of the roots of the equation

3x2 - 13x - 10 = 0.

a) 10x2 + 13x 3 = 0

b) 10x2 + 13x + 3 = 0

c) 8x2 - 13x 3 = 0

d) 10x2 + 10x 3 = 0

29. Six years ago, Romel was five times as old as Lejon. In five years, Romel will be three times as old

as Lejon. What is the present age of Lejon?

a) 13 years old

b) 15 years old

c) 16 years old

d) 17 years old

30. How many liters of 10% salt solution must be added to 20% salt solution in order to obtain 10 liters

of 12% salt solution?

a) 6 liters

b) 7 liters

c) 8 liters

d) 10 liters

Equation (1)

Equation (2)

Equation (3)

b) 2

a) 1

d) 4

c) 3

32. The sum of the digits of a two-digit number is seven. When the digits are reversed, the number is

increased by 27. Find the number.

A. 52

B. 25

C. 16

D. 61

33. Which of the given diagram of intervals is being determined by the inequality: |x-2|< where >0?

34. Find the nth terms of the geometric sequence with a5 = 5/4 and a12 = 160.

A. n = (5/4) 2^n

B. n = (5/4) 2^(n-1)

C. n = (5/64) 2^n

D. n = (5/64) 2^(n-1)

C. . 7/3

D. . 10/3

x 2y z 4

2 x y z 2

x 2y z 2

A. 2/3

B. 5/3

36. The product of two numbers is 16. If 1 is subtracted from each number, the product is 8. What is the

sum of the two numbers?

a) 6

b) 8

c) 9

d) 10

37. If (x + 2), (2x + 3), (5x 6) are consecutive terms of an arithmetic progression, what is the value of x?

a)+ 1

b) -1

c) 5

d) 0

38. A rubber ball is dropped from a height of 27 m. Each time that it hits the ground it bounces to a

height 2/3 of that from which it fell. Find the total distance travelled by the ball until it comes to rest?

a) 80 m

b) 81 m

c) 135 m

d) infinite

39. A father is three times as old as his son. Four years ago, he was four times as old as his son. How old

is his son?

a) 10 years old

40. Solve for the value of .

2 + = 6

3 2 = 13

2 3 3 = 16

a) 4

b) 12 years old

b) 3

c) 15 years old

d) 16 years old

c) 2

d) 1

a) 8064 10 5

b) 8046 5 5

c) 8046 10 5

d) 4680 5 5

42. An airplane flying with the wind took 2 hours to travel 1000 km, and 2.5 hours in flying back. What

was the wind velocity in kph?

a) 40

b) 50

c) 60

d) 70

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