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P R OT E C T I O N

MVAP 22
Voltage Selection Relay

The MVAP 22 is a voltage failure relay with changeover output


contacts enabling its use for either voltage selection or fuse
failure protection. A typical application as a voltage selection
relay is the automatic connection of metering equipment to an
alternative supply if the normal or preferred supply fails.
As a fuse failure relay it will monitor the output of a voltage
transformer and give an alarm or disconnect protection
circuits for VT fuse failure.
The relay monitors the three phase voltage supply and
operates if the supply is interrupted or becomes unbalanced
due to failure of the voltage transformers primary or
secondary fuses.
Typical MiDOS
Auxiliary Relay

ORDERING OPTIONS

MVAP22T1

Frequency
50Hz

60Hz

Voltage Monitored (Vn)

Customer Benefits
Detects VT fuse blows
and other voltage circuit
failures.
Can be used to switch to
an alternative supply if
the main supply fails.
Fast and reliable

AREVA T&D

110/125V

220/250 V

415/440 V

VOLTAGE FAILURE DETECTION


ON GENERATOR VTS
The MVAP 22 relay can be applied to provide an
equivalent function to the voltage balance relay by
using one MVAP 22 per voltage transformer and
connecting the output contacts of the two MVAP 22
relays as shown in Figure 3. The relay combination
can be used to block relays or other devices that will
operate incorrectly when a voltage transformer primary
and/or secondary fuse(s) blow or to give an alarm for
the faulty voltage transformer.
Each relay is supplied from its own voltage transformer
and will detect blown fuses in either the primary or
secondary windings of the voltage transformer or if the
voltage supply becomes interrupted.
In the event of a generator short circuit causing the
voltage supplied to the relays to become appreciably
unbalanced the relays will operate, but the trip circuit
via the generator protective relays (ie., devices 21, 32
and 40) will be maintained through the normally closed
contacts on the two changeover contacts A1 and
B1, and an alarm will be prevented via the normally
closed contacts A3 and B2.

Failure of any voltage transformer supply will cause


operation of the appropriate MVAP 22 relay and block
tripping of the associated generator relays which may
be adversely affected by the loss of voltage supply via
contacts A1 or B1 and give an alarm via A2 or
B3.

DESCRIPTION
Two attracted armature units are employed as shown
in Figure 3. An operating voltage appears across the
coils of unit A when the secondary voltages become
unbalanced due to loss of any one primary or
secondary phase. Unit B has six changeover contacts
for voltage selection and is normally energised via the
normally closed contact on unit A from two phases of
the supply. Unit B drops off on operation of unit A, on
complete loss of supply, or on loss of two primary or
secondary phases.
If three limb core type star connected voltage
transformers are used, the relay will not operate
correctly if the star points of the primary windings are
connected to neutral or earth.

Preferred supply
A
B
C

C
RLB is energised when
preferred supply is healthy.
A

B
Phase rotation

15
16

22

Metering
equipment

n
R3
a

RLA

RV1

C1

23
13

RLB-1

Figure 2

17

MVAP 22 Application diagram


25
14

R1
RLA-A

RLB-2

18
R2

27
20

0V
relay

RLB-3

RLB

24

6
RLB-4

C2
8
R4
a

12
RLB-5
n

5
RLB-6

A
B
C
Alternative supply

10

Note

Earthing connections are typical only.


Where a 3 winding VT has only a 3 limb core,
then primary VT earth should be omitted if
detection of primary fuse failure is required.

Output
contacts

TECHNICAL DATA

A
A

B
C

> Ratings
Voltage ratings:

B
Phase rotation

110/125V ac
220/250V
415/440V

> Operating boundaries

23

MVAP 22
(A)

25

80% 125% of lower rating

27

> Contacts
23

Six pairs of isolated self reset changeover


contacts are provided for voltage selection
switching.

MVAP 22
(B)

25
27

Generator

Make and carry continuously


ac 1250VA with maxima of 5A and 660V
Make and carry for 3 seconds
ac 7500VA with maxima of 30A and 660V

MVAP 22
(A)

Break
ac 1250VA with maxima of 5A and 660V

A-1

MVAP 22
(B)

B-1

21

Trip

32

> Case Information


40
A-2

Type MVAP 22 relays are housed in size 4 cases


(see Figure 4).

B-2

10

Alarm A

10

12

12

> Information required with order

A-3

B-3

1
3

Rated voltage

Alarm B

Rated frequency
Figure 3

Application diagram: Connection of MVAP 22


relays to provide an equivalent function to a voltage
balance relay on generator VTs
52
4 holes 4.4

97

23.5

All dimensions in mm.


168

Push button
projection 10 max.

Figure 4
Case outline size 4

99
Panel cut-out:
Flush mounting fixing details.

32

103

212

25 min.

157 max.

177

Fast alarming,
or switching
to a healthy VT supply

159

Flush mounting.

11

AREVA TRACK RECORD VOLTAGE SUPERVISION DEVICES


>> Over 7500 MVAP 22 relays supplied since

launch in 1985

AUTOMATION-L3-MVAP-BR-03.05-0899-GB - 2005 AREVA - AREVA, the AREVA logo and any alternative version thereof are trademarks and service marks of AREVA.
MiCOM is a registered trademark of AREVA. All trade names or trademarks mentioned herein whether registered or not, are the property of their owners. - 389191982 RCS PARIS - Printed in France - SONOVISION-ITEP

>> Fast VT Supervision fitted in all MiCOM distance relays

AREVA T&D Worldwide Contact Centre:


http://www.areva-td.com/contactcentre/
Tel.: +44 (0) 1785 250 070

www.areva-td.com
www.areva-td.com/protectionrelays

Our policy is one of continuous development. Accordingly the


design of our products may change at any time. Whilst every
effort is made to produce up to date literature, this brochure
should only be regarded as a guide and is intended for
information purposes only. Its contents do not constitute an offer
for sale or advise on the application of any product referred to in
it. We cannot be held responsible for any reliance on any
decisions taken on its contents without specific advice.