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Project Control No.

SD-PLW&FH

Detailed Structural Design of Proposed Linemen's Warehouse & Function Hall


Brgy. Colo, Molave, Zamboanga del Sur
Date :
Client :
Subject :
Reference

Jan-15
Zamboanga del Sur Electric Coop. Inc.
Design of Torsional Reinforcement

A.

411.8.4.3

B.

411.7.3.6

411.7.3.1
411.7.3.1

Engr. Keflin Lagura


Engr. Keflin Lagura
Engr. Keflin Lagura
Remarks

Analysis and Design Calculations


BEAM MARK:
B-1
All dimensions are in Newtons or millimeters unless otherwise indicated

409.4.2.3

411.7.1
411.7.1
411.7.1

Calculate by :
Checked by :
Approved by :

Design Input
Torsional Moment
Reduction factor, t
Angle of compression diagonals in truss analogy for torsion,
Modification Factor,
Provided torsional stirrup spacing , S
Longitudinal Reinforcement, f
Stirrup bar diameter, s
Number of Stirrup Legs, Nlegs
Beam over all depth, h
Beam overall width, b
Effective Depth, d
Concrete cover, cc
Concrete compressive strength, fc'
Steel Yield Strength, fy
Secondary Yield Strength, fyt
Shear provided by concrete, Vc
Shear provided by stirrup, Vs
Shear Demand , Vu
Analysis and Design Calculations
Area enclosed by outside perimeter, Acp = b*h =
Outside perimeter of the conc., pcp = 2*(h + b) =
Check if torsional analysis is needed, **sqrt(fc')/12 * (Acp2/pcp) =
Gross area enclosed by shear, Aoh = (b - 2*(cc + s/2))*(d-2*(cc + s/2) =
Gross area enclosed by shear flow, Ao = 0.85*Aoh =
Per. Of centerline outermost closed transverse torsional reinforcement,ph
ph = ((b - 2*(cc + s/2)) + (d-2*(cc + s/2) ) *2 =

Check for crushing of concrete or adequacy of section :


t*(Vc/b*d + (2/3)*sqrt(fc')) =
sqrt( (Vu/b*d)2 + (Tu*ph / 1.7*Aoh2)2 ) =

8.97
0.75
45
1.0
75.0
12.0
10.0
3.0
400
300
344
40
21.00
414.00
276.00
80.40
149.14
58.51

120000
1400
2.95
65100.0
55335.0

KN.m

mm
mm
mm
legs
mm
mm
mm
mm
Mpa
Mpa
Mpa
KN
KN
KN

mm2
mm
KN.m
mm2
mm2

Needed

1040.0 mm

2.876 Mpa
1.880 Mpa

Compliant

Calculation for stirrup area req'd for torsion :


411.7.3.5

Calculation for torsional nominal moment, Tn = Tu / t =

411.7.3.6

At/s = (Tn/2*Ao*fyt)*(cot )

11.964 KN.m
2
0.392 mm /mm

Calculation for stirrup area req'd for shear :


411.6.7.2

Av/s = Vs /fyt*d

2
1.571 mm /mm

Calculation for required torsional stirrups area


(Av + t)/s = Av/s + 2At/s
Calculate Area of torsional bar, Abar = Nleg*PI()*(s)2/4

2
2.354 mm /mm
2

235.62 mm
2
Calculation for area provided, Aprovided = Abar/S
3.14 mm /mm
Therefore, the provided torsional confinement is adequate to carry combined shear & torsion.

411.7.5.2
411.7.5.2

2
Check for minimum torsional area req'd, 0.062*sqrt(fc')*b/fyt
0.309 mm /mm
2
0.35*b/fyt
0.380 mm /mm
2
Therefore adopt min. torsional area req'd, (Av + 2*At)/s = larger above
0.380 mm /mm
Therefore, the provided torsional confinement is compliant for minimum requirement.

411.7.6.1
411.7.6.1

Check for maximum spacing, ph/8


130.00 mm
or 300 mm
300 mm
Thefore adopt maximum spacing, Smax
130.000 mm
Therefore, the torsional confinement spacing is compliant for code requirement.

411.7.3.7
411.7.5.3

411.7.5.3

411.6.6.2

411.6.6.2

Additional longitudinal reinforcement required for torsion,


Al = ph*(At/s)*(fyt/fy)*(cot)2
Check for minimum required longitudinal reinfircement for torsion,
Check for, 0.175*b/fyt
Therefore adopt, At/s
Check for required min. required area,
Almin = 5*sqrt(fc')*Acp/12*fy - (At/s)*fyt/fy*ph
Therefore adopt required longitudinal reinf, Al

Compliant

2
271.569 mm
2
0.19 mm /mm
2
0.392 mm /mm
2
281.88 mm
2
281.88 mm

As per NSCP Section.411.7.6.2 state that " The longitudinal reinforcement required for torsion shall be
distributed around the perimeter of the close stirrups with a maximum spacing of 300mm.The longitudinal bars
or tendons shall be inside the stirrups. There shall be at least one longitudinal bar or tendon in each corner of
the stirrups. Longitudinal bars shall have a diameter at least 1/24 of the stirrups spacings but not less than
10mm.
To satisfy above condition : ( At Left Support)
Minimum required torsional bar dia. (1/24)*S but should not be less than 10mm
Provided torsional reinf. bar diameter, t
Provided torsional reinf. area, Ator = PI()*(t2)/4

10.00 mm
12.0 mm
2
113.10 mm

Compliant

Total number of torsional reinf. provided, Nt = Al/Ator


411.6.6.2

Required number of bars, Nreq'd


Therefore, adopt number of torsional bars, N =
Distribute around the perimeter of stirrups, @ Top bars
@ Mid bars
@ Bot bars
Area of reinf. per layer, @ Top bars = Astop
@ Mid bars = Asmid
@ Bot bars = Asbot
Required flexural area @ tension side, Asten
Required reinf. area @ comp. side, Ascomp = 2*PI()*f2/4
Final Reinforcement Lay-out :

@ Top bars = Asten + Astop

Provided diameter :

Area provided, Apro = PI()*f2/4

12 mm

Total number of top bar, Ntop


@ Mid bars = Asmid
Provided diameter :

12 mm

Area. provided, Apro = PI()*t2/4


Total number of mid bar, Nmid
@Bot bars = Ascomp + Asbot

Provided diameter :

12 mm

Area provided, Apro = PI()*f2/4


Total number of bot bar, Nbot

411.6.6.2

To satisfy above condition : ( At Midspan)


Minimum required torsional bar dia. (1/24)*S but should not be less than 10mm
Provided torsional reinf. bar diameter, t
Provided torsional reinf. area, Ator =

PI()*(t2)/4

Total number of torsional reinf. provided, Nt = Al/Ator


411.6.6.2

Required number of bars, Nreq'd


Therefore, adopt number of torsional bars, N =
Distribute around the perimeter of stirrups, @ Top bars
@ Mid bars
@ Bot bars
Area of reinf. per layer, @ Top bars = Astop
@ Mid bars = Asmid
@ Bot bars = Asbot
Required flexural area @ tension side, Asten
Required reinf. area @ comp. side, Ascomp = 2*PI()*f2/4
Final Reinforcement Lay-out :

@ Top bars = Ascomp + Astop

Provided diameter :

Area provided, Apro = PI()*f2/4

12 mm

Total number of top bar, Ntop


@ Mid bars = Asmid
Provided diameter :

12 mm

Area. provided, Apro = PI()*t2/4


Total number of mid bar, Nmid
@ Bot bars = Asten + Asbot

Provided diameter :

12 mm

Area provided, Apro = PI()*f2/4


Total number of bot bar, Nbot

411.6.6.2

To satisfy above condition : ( At Right Support)


Minimum required torsional bar dia. (1/24)*S but should not be less than 10mm
Provided torsional reinf. bar diameter, t
Provided torsional reinf. area, Ator = PI()*(t2)/4
Total number of torsional reinf. provided, Nt = Al/Ator

411.6.6.2

Required number of bars, Nreq'd


Therefore, adopt number of torsional bars, N =
Distribute around the perimeter of stirrups, @ Top bars
@ Mid bars
@ Bot bars
Area of reinf. per layer, @ Top bars = Astop
@ Mid bars= Asmid
@ Bot bars = Asbot
Required flexural area @ tension side, Asten
Required reinf. area @ comp. side, Ascomp = 2*PI()*f2/4
Final Reinforcement Lay-out :

@ Top bars = Asten + Astop

Provided diameter :

Area provided, Apro = PI()*f2/4

12 mm

Total number of top bar, Ntop


@ Mid bars = Asmid
Provided diameter :

12 mm

Area. provided, Apro = PI()*t2/4


Total number of mid bar, Nmid

Provided diameter :

12 mm

3.00 pcs
6.0
6.0
2.0
2.0
2.0
226.19

pcs
pcs
pcs
pcs
pcs
mm2

2
226.19 mm
2
226.19 mm
2
339.29 mm
2
226.19 mm
2
565.49 mm
2
mm
113.10

5.0 pcs
2
226.19 mm
2
113.10 mm

2.0 pcs
2
452.39 mm
2
113.10 mm

4.0 pcs

10.00 mm
12 mm
2
113.10 mm

Compliant

3.0 pcs
6.0
6.0
2.0
2.0
2.0
226.19

pcs
pcs
pcs
pcs
pcs
mm2

2
226.19 mm
2
226.19 mm
2
339.29 mm
2
226.19 mm
2
452.39 mm
2
113.10 mm

4.0 pcs
2
226.19 mm
2
113.10 mm

2.0 pcs
2
565.49 mm
2
113.10 mm

5.0 pcs

10.00 mm
12 mm
2
113.10 mm
3.0 pcs
6.0
6.0
2.0
2.0
2.0
226.19

pcs
pcs
pcs
pcs
pcs
mm2

2
226.19 mm
2
226.19 mm
2
339.29 mm
2
226.19 mm
2
565.49 mm
2
113.10 mm

5.0 pcs
2
226.19 mm
2
113.10 mm

2.0 pcs

@Bot bars = Ascomp + Asbot

452.39

Area provided, Apro = PI()*f2/4


Total number of bot bar, Nbot

113.10
4.0 pcs

Compliant