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Chapter 4

The Variety of Resources on Earth

Paper 1
Each question is followed by four options. Choose the best answer for each
question.
1

Which product is obtained from the air around us?


I Dry ice
II Neon lights
III Sunlight
IV Heat
A I and II only
B III and IV only
C I, II and III only
D I, II, III and IV

Which of the following are resources needed by both plants and animals?
I Soil
II Air
III Water
IV Living things
A I and II only
B II and III only
C I, II, and III only
D I, II, III and IV

Why is water an important resource?


A It cover three quarters of the Earths surface
B It supports all living things
C It is made up of hydrogen and oxygen
D It is a compound

Which of the following is a mixture?


I Air
II Water
III Oxygen
IV Soil
A I and IV only
B II and III only
C I, II and III only
D I, II, III and IV

Matter

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J
(Example: Air)

K
(Example: Water)

L
(Example: Tin)

What do J, K and L represent in the figure above?


A
B
C
D

J
Elements
Compounds
Mixtures
Mixtures

K
Compounds
Elements
Elements
Compounds

L
Mixtures
Mixtures
Compounds
Elements

Which of the following statements classifies carbon as a metal or non-metal


correctly?
A Carbon is a non-metal because it cannot conduct electricity
B Carbon is a metal because it conducts electricity
C Carbon is a non-metal because it is brittle
D Carbon is a metal because it has a relatively high boiling point

Which of the following statements correctly describes gold?


I It is a metal
II It is rare
III It is yellowish
IV It conducts heat and electricity
A I and IV only
B II and III only
C I, II and III only
D I, II, III and IV

Which method cannot be used to separate a mixture into its constituents?


A Electrolysis
B Filtration
C Evaporation
D Using a sieve

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What is the best way to separate the constituents in the mixture shown in the
figure
above?
A Use a separating funnel
B Dissolve the mixture in water, then let it evaporate to dryness
C Use a magnet
D Dissolve the mixture in water, and then filter it
10 How can iron nitrate be separated into its constituents?
A By conducting an electrical current through the solution
B By using a separating funnel
C By using a magnet
D By using a filter funnel
11 Why are the Earths resources being used up so quickly nowadays?
A More habitats are being destroyed
B The human population is increasing
C Fossil fuels are almost depleted
D The environment is becoming more polluted
12 Which of the following activities causes soil erosion?
A Cultivating oil palms on a large scale
B Planting trees on hill slopes
C Replanting trees that are cut down
D Clearing the land of vegetation
13 Why are plants and trees useful to mankind?
I They provide us with shade
II They are a source of food
III They provide us with a constant supply of oxygen
IV They provide us with useful medicines
A I and IV only
B II and III only
C I, II and III only
D I, II, III and IV

14 What causes water pollution?


A The use of chemical fertilisers and pesticides by farmers
B The use of motor vehicles

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C
D

Mining the land for minerals


Replanting trees which were cut down for timber

15 Which of the following depletes the Earths resources?


A Solar-powered generating stations
B Wind-powered generating stations
C Wave-powered generating stations
D Diesel-powered generating stations
Paper 2
Answer all the questions.
Section A
1

(a) How are metals and non-metals different from the following aspects?
(i) electrical conductivity
(ii) malleability
(iii) surface appearance
(iv) melting points
(b) Classify the following as metals or non-metals corrects.
copper

zinc

mercury

carbon

silicon

sodium

sulphur

naphthalene

Section B
2

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An experiment was conducted to separate the mixtures as shown in the figure


above.
The following steps were carried out:
Step 1 : 50 ml of water was added to 25 ml of oil in beaker X.
Step 2 : 50 ml of water was added to 25 ml of methanol in beaker Y
Step 3 : Each mixture was poured into a separating funnel in order to separate
the constituents. One mixture was successfully separated whereas the
other was not.
Step 4 : The remaining mixture was poured into a fractional distillation
apparatus in order to separate the constituents.
(a) Describe the appearance of the mixture in
(i) beaker X
(ii) beaker Y
(b) Name the variable that is
(i) kept constant
(ii) manipulated
(c) The mixture in which beaker was separated:
(i) by a separating funnel?
(ii) by fractional distillation?
(d) Explain the results in (c).
(e) During fractional distillation, what is the temperature when the water is
distilled
out?

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