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COMPLETE REVISION

February 2008

Process Industry Practices


Architectural

PIP ARS08710
Door Hardware Supplier Specification

PURPOSE AND USE OF PROCESS INDUSTRY PRACTICES


In an effort to minimize the cost of process industry facilities, this Practice has
been prepared from the technical requirements in the existing standards of major
industrial users, contractors, or standards organizations. By harmonizing these technical
requirements into a single set of Practices, administrative, application, and engineering
costs to both the purchaser and the manufacturer should be reduced. While this Practice
is expected to incorporate the majority of requirements of most users, individual
applications may involve requirements that will be appended to and take precedence
over this Practice. Determinations concerning fitness for purpose and particular matters
or application of the Practice to particular project or engineering situations should not
be made solely on information contained in these materials. The use of trade names
from time to time should not be viewed as an expression of preference but rather
recognized as normal usage in the trade. Other brands having the same specifications
are equally correct and may be substituted for those named. All Practices or guidelines
are intended to be consistent with applicable laws and regulations including OSHA
requirements. To the extent these Practices or guidelines should conflict with OSHA or
other applicable laws or regulations, such laws or regulations must be followed.
Consult an appropriate professional before applying or acting on any material
contained in or suggested by the Practice.

This Practice is subject to revision at any time.

Process Industry Practices (PIP), Construction Industry Institute, The


University of Texas at Austin, 3925 West Braker Lane (R4500), Austin,
Texas 78759. PIP member companies and subscribers may copy this Practice
for their internal use. Changes, overlays, addenda, or modifications of any
kind are not permitted within any PIP Practice without the express written
authorization of PIP.

PRINTING HISTORY
April 1999
Issued
March 2002
Complete Revision

Not printed with State funds

February 2008 Complete Revision

COMPLETE REVISION
February 2008

Process Industry Practices


Architectural

PIP ARS08710
Door Hardware Supplier Specification
Table of Contents
1. Introduction .................................. 2
1.1 Purpose ............................................... 2
1.2 Scope .................................................. 2

2. References ................................... 2
2.1 Process Industry Practices.................. 2
2.2 Industry Guides and Standards........... 2
2.3 Government Regulations .................... 3

4. Requirements............................... 3
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
4.5

General................................................ 3
Documentation .................................... 4
Quality Assurance ............................... 5
Delivery, Storage, and Handling ......... 5
Products .............................................. 6

3. Definitions .................................... 3

Process Industry Practices

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PIP ARS08710
Door Hardware Supplier Specification

1.

COMPLETE REVISION
February 2008

Introduction
1.1

Purpose
This Practice provides the requirements for the supply of door hardware.

1.2

Scope
This Practice describes the requirements for all material, fabrication, finishes, and
delivery of hardware. This Practice is written without reference to specific
manufacturers, brand names, or model numbers. Industry standards from the
American National Standards Institute (ANSI) and Builders Hardware Manufacturers
Association (BHMA) are used to specify performance and quality requirements for
pieces of hardware.
Hardware for aluminum entrance doors or specialty doors is not included.

2.

References
Applicable parts of the following Practices, industry codes and standards, and references shall
be considered an integral part of this Practice. The edition in effect on the date of contract
award shall be used, except as otherwise noted. Short titles will be used herein when
appropriate.
2.1

Process Industry Practices (PIP)


PIP ARS08111 Standard Steel Doors and Frames Supplier Specification

2.2

Industry Guides and Standards

American National Standards Institute/Builders Hardware Manufacturers


Association (ANSI/BHMA)
ANSI/BHMA A156.1 Butts and Hinges
ANSI/BHMA A156.2 Bored and Preassembled Locks and Latches
ANSI/BHMA A156.3 Exit Devices
ANSI/BHMA A156.4 Door Controls Closers
ANSI/BHMA A156.5 Auxiliary Locks and Associated Products
ANSI/BHMA A156.6 Architectural Door Trim
ANSI/BHMA A156.8 Door Controls Overhead Stops and Holders
ANSI/BHMA A156.13 Mortise Locks and Latches
ANSI/BHMA A156.15 Closer Holder Release Devices
ANSI/BHMA A156.16 Auxiliary Hardware
ANSI/BHMA A156.18 Materials and Finishes
ANSI/BHMA A156.21 Thresholds
ANSI/BHMA A156.22 Door Gasketing Systems
ANSI/BHMA A156.28 Master Keying Systems

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COMPLETE REVISION

PIP ARS08710
Door Hardware Supplier Specification

February 2008

General Services Administration Federal Supply Service

GSA A-A-2547 Cabinet, Key, and Identification Systems


Door and Hardware Institute (DHI)

Sequence and Format for the Hardware Schedule

National Fire Protection Association (NFPA)

2.3

ANSI/NFPA 80 Standard for Fire Doors and Other Opening Protectives


UL Building Materials Directory, UL-Qualified Companies for Door Hardware

Government Regulations

Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)


ADA Accessibility Guidelines for Buildings and Facilities (ADAAG)

3.

U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration


(OSHA)

Definitions
supplier: The party responsible for providing the hardware in accordance with the contract
documents.
contract documents: Any and all documents, including codes, studies, design drawings,
specifications, sketches, practices, and data sheets, that the purchaser or engineer of record
has transmitted or otherwise communicated, either by incorporation or reference, and made
part of the legal contract agreement or purchase order between the purchaser and the supplier
hardware: Appurtenant fixtures for doors
manufacturer: The party who produces and warrants the performance of the products,
materials, and/or items provided in accordance with the contract documents. The products,
materials, and/or items are manufactured in a controlled process using standard codes,
specifications, tests and possibly include shop drawings to assist in proper application,
installation and/or use. Unless otherwise noted, the term manufacturer shall apply also to the
manufacturers subcontractor(s) and/or vendor(s).
purchaser: The party who awards the contract to the supplier. The purchaser may be the
owner or the owners authorized agent.

4.

Requirements
4.1

General
4.1.1

The extent of the hardware required is specified in the contract documents.

4.1.2

The hardware shall be coordinated with the requirements of the doors,


frames, and related work to ensure proper size, thickness, hand function, and
finish of the hardware.

Process Industry Practices

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PIP ARS08710
Door Hardware Supplier Specification

4.2

February 2008

4.1.3

Work specified in this Practice shall be coordinated with work specified in


PIP ARS08111.

4.1.4

Federal Standards and Instructions of OSHA, including any additional


requirements by state or local agencies that have jurisdiction where the doors
and frames are to be installed, shall apply.

4.1.5

Hardware shall be in accordance with the design and construction


requirements of ADA, particularly as defined in ADA Accessibility
Guidelines (ADAAG).

Documentation
4.2.1

Manufacturers technical product data for each hardware item shall be


submitted to the purchaser with the quote.

4.2.2

Information necessary to show compliance of the hardware with the


requirements of the contract documents shall be provided with the
manufacturers technical product data.

4.2.3

Hardware Schedule
A hardware schedule formatted in accordance with DHI Sequence and
Format for the Hardware Schedule shall be provided as detailed below.
4.2.3.1 The hardware sets shall be cross-referenced to the door symbols
indicated on the drawings and in the door schedule.
4.2.3.2 The checked hardware schedule shall be submitted to the purchaser
for review and comment.
4.2.3.3 After receipt of the purchasers comments and two weeks before
finalization of hardware purchase, the hardware schedule
incorporating the purchasers comments shall be submitted to the
purchaser for final acceptance and approval. Committing to final
hardware purchase without a final purchaser-approved hardware
schedule is not permitted.
4.2.3.4 In addition to the items required by the DHI Sequence and Format
for the Hardware Schedule, the following information shall be
provided with each hardware schedule submittal:
a. Name and manufacturer of each item
b. Catalog cuts
c. Fastenings and other pertinent information
d. Keying information
e. Explanation of all abbreviations, symbols, codes, etc., contained
in the schedule

4.2.4

Hardware Samples
4.2.4.1 If required by the contract documents, one sample of each type of
exposed hardware unit shall be submitted to the purchaser for
approval.

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PIP ARS08710
Door Hardware Supplier Specification

February 2008

4.2.4.2 Samples shall be submitted with the initial hardware schedule


submittal.
4.2.4.3 Committing to final hardware purchase without final purchaser
approval of the samples is not permitted.
4.2.4.4 Each sample shall be finished as required and tagged with a full
description for coordination with the hardware schedule.
4.2.4.5 Samples shall be returned to the supplier by the purchaser.
4.2.5

4.3

If required by the contract documents, installation instructions, maintenance


recommendations, and parts lists for each type of hardware item shall be
provided to assist the purchaser in maintenance of finish and operating parts.

Quality Assurance
4.3.1

Finish hardware for each opening shall be provided, which is in accordance


with the contract documents and applicable codes and provides intended
service.

4.3.2

Each type of hardware (e.g., latch sets, lock sets, hinges, closers) shall be
obtained from a single manufacturer if possible.

4.3.3

Hardware for fire-rated openings shall be provided in accordance with


ANSI/NFPA 80 and local governing codes.

4.3.4

Only hardware that has been tested and listed by Underwriters Laboratories
(UL) or Factory Mutual (FM) and that is clearly labeled with a factoryapplied stamp of an authorized testing agency shall be provided.

4.3.5

The finish shall be free of blemishes and defects.

4.3.6

The hardware shall properly operate.

4.3.7

Defective pieces shall be rejected even if installed before the defect was
discovered.

4.3.8

A written, one-year guarantee covering all materials and labor shall be


provided to the purchaser. The guarantee shall include the following
provisions:
a. Repair or replacement of materials and systems that were defective
before installation
b. Repair or replacement of materials and systems that fail during and
within 1 year after installation because of defective materials,
fabrication, or hardware finish
c. Repair or replacement of related materials and systems that were
damaged as a result of the aforementioned defective or failed material,
fabrication or hardware finish

4.4

Delivery, Storage, and Handling


4.4.1

Process Industry Practices

The finish hardware shall be delivered early enough to allow for proper
inspection before installation.

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PIP ARS08710
Door Hardware Supplier Specification

4.5

February 2008

4.4.2

The hardware shall be furnished complete with parts necessary for fitting,
securing, and adjusting for proper operation.

4.4.3

The correct number and size of fasteners (of proper material corresponding
with members to be fastened) shall be furnished with each piece of hardware.

4.4.4

The finish hardware shall be properly wrapped in separate packages,


complete with trimmings, screws, fasteners, and necessary accessories for
each door or opening.

4.4.5

Each package shall be distinctly labeled and numbered for each door or
opening.

4.4.6

Hardware mounting templates and instructions for proper preparation of the


doors and frames to receive the approved door hardware shall be delivered
with the door hardware.

Products
4.5.1

Materials
4.5.1.1 Screws and Fasteners

1. All screws and fasteners required for fastening of parts shall be


provided.
2. Exposed finish of screws shall match the finish of the parts.
3. Machine screws shall be provided to attach the templates as
specified in Section 4.4.6.
4. Self-tapping sheet metal screws and hardware that require selftapping sheet metal screws shall not be permitted.
5. Unless otherwise specified, Phillips flathead screws shall be
used.
4.5.1.2 Butts and Hinges

1. Butts and hinges shall comply with the requirements of


ANSI/BHMA A156.1. Exterior doors shall be Grade 1 and
interior doors shall be Grade 2 (minimum).
2. Three hinges shall be provided for doors up to 90 inches
(2,300 mm) in height.
3. One additional hinge shall be provided for each 18 inches
(450 mm) of additional door height above 90 inches
(2,300 mm).
4. For external doors, the hinge material and sizes shall be as
follows:
a. 1-3/4" (43 mm) thick door with 3' 0" (900 mm)
maximum width: stainless steel, 4-1/2" x 4-1/2" (112 mm
x 112 mm) hinges

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PIP ARS08710
Door Hardware Supplier Specification

February 2008

b. 1-3/4" (43 mm) thick door, greater than 3' 0" (900 mm)
wide and 4' 0" (1,200 mm) maximum width: stainless
steel, 5" x 4-1/2" (125 mm x 112 mm) hinges
c. 1-3/4" (43 mm) thick door, greater than 4' 0" (1,200 mm)
width, 230 lbs (104 kg) maximum weight: stainless steel,
6" x 4-1/2" (150 mm x 125 mm) hinges
5. For interior doors, the hinge material and sizes shall be as
follows:
a. 1-3/4" (43 mm) thick door with up to 3' 0" (900 mm)
maximum width: wrought steel, 4-1/2" x 4-1/2"
(125 mm x 125 mm), satin chrome hinges
b. 1-3/4" (43 mm) thick door, greater than 3' 0" (900 mm)
wide and 4' 0" (1,200 mm) maximum width: wrought
steel, 5" x 4-1/2" (125 mm x 112 mm), satin chrome
hinges
6. Unless otherwise specified, hinge pins shall be provided as
follows:
a. Out-swing exterior doors: nonremovable pins (NRP)
b. Out-swing corridor doors with locks: NRP
c. Interior doors: nonrising pins
d. Tips: flat button and matching plug, finished to match
leaves
7. For a given set of hinges, the weight of the door shall not be
greater than the hinge manufacturers limit.
4.5.1.3 Locks and Latches

1. Locks and latches shall be in accordance with UL requirements


for fire-rated openings, building code egress requirements, and
ADA accessibility requirements.
2. Lever handles shall be provided for buildings that are listed as
public or commercial accommodations in accordance with
ADAAG.
3. Cylindrical Locks and Latches
a. Cylindrical locks and latches shall meet the requirements
of ANSI/BHMA A156.2, Series 4000, Grade 1 bored locks
and latches with 1/2-inch (12 mm) minimum latch bolt
projection on single door and 5/8-inch (16 mm) minimum
projection on pairs of doors.
b. Cylinders shall have six-pin tumblers.
4. Mortise Locks and Latches
a. Mortise locks and latches shall meet the requirements of
ANSI/BHMA A156.13, Series 1000 Grade 1 with 3/4-inch

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PIP ARS08710
Door Hardware Supplier Specification

February 2008

(18 mm) minimum latch bolt throw and 1-inch (25 mm)
minimum dead bolt throw.
b. Cylinders shall have six-pin tumblers.
5. Auxiliary Locks
a. Auxiliary locks shall meet the requirements of
ANSI/BHMA A.156.5.
b. Bored auxiliary dead locks shall be Grade 1 with 1-inch
(25 mm) minimum dead bolt throw.
c. Mortise dead locks shall be Grade 1 with 1-inch (25 mm)
minimum dead bolt throw.
d. Rim locks shall be Grade 1 or 2 with 1-inch (25 mm)
minimum dead bolt throw.
e. Cylinders shall have five-pin tumblers.
6. Construction Master Keys
a. Cylinders shall be provided with a feature that permits
voiding of construction keys without cylinder removal.
b. Construction master keys shall be provided as required.
4.5.1.4 Door Controls

1. Closures shall meet the requirements of ANSI/BHMA A156.4,


Grade 1.
a. Closures shall be overhead surface-mounted,with back
check feature, sized to match door operation in
accordance with manufacturers recommendations.
b. Hold-open arms shall be provided if shown in the contract
documents.
c. Unless otherwise specified, parallel arms shall be
provided.
d. Brackets shall be provided if required to accommodate
the closure function.
2. Overhead Stops and Holders
a. If shown in the contract documents, each exterior door
that opens out shall be provided with an overhead stop
and holder.
b. Overhead stops and holders shall meet the requirements
of ANSI/BHMA A156.8, Grade 1.
3. Closure Holder Release Devices
a. A closure holder release device shall be provided for each
door in a firewall.

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PIP ARS08710
Door Hardware Supplier Specification

February 2008

b. The device shall be UL-approved and meet the


requirements of ANSI/BHMA A156.15.
c. The device shall be integrated into a device that combines
door closing, magnetic holding, and smoke detectors into a
single unit. It shall be smoke-activated (magnetic) and be
designed so that it is normally in the open position, but
automatically closes under fire conditions.
4.5.1.5 Exit Devices

1. Exit Devices shall meet the requirements of ANSI/BHMA


A156.3, Grade 2, unless otherwise specified.
2. Nonlabeled doors shall be provided with a lock-down feature.
3. Doors wider than 36 inches (900 mm) shall be provided with
crossbars in stainless steel material with reinforcement (Grade 1
in mortise, rim, or surface-mounted designs).
4.5.1.6 Door Bolts

1. Door bolts shall meet the requirements of ANSI/BHMA A156.16


and be surface or mortise (flush) with manual, self-latching, or
automatic operation as specified in the contract documents.
2. Bottom-flush bolts shall be provided with dust-proof strikes.
3. Bolts shall be provided complete with wear plates, shims, and
strike plates.
4. Bolts shall be Grade 1, in accordance with ANSI/BHMA
A156.16 tests for door bolts.
4.5.1.7 Architectural Door Trim (ANSI/BHMA A156.6)

1. Unless otherwise specified in the contract documents, kick


plates shall be 0.050-inch (1.25 mm) thick by 10-inches
(250 mm) high by 2-inches (50 mm) less than the door width.
Kick plates shall be used on push sides of doors with moderate
to heavy traffic.
2. Push plates shall be Type J301.
3. Door pull plates shall be Type J407 and the same size as push
plates.
4. The plate manufacturers standard exposed fasteners shall be
provided for installation.
5. Fasteners shall be through-bolted for matched installation on
both sides of the door.
6. Push/pull plates shall not be permitted on fire-rated doors.
7. Push/pull plates shall be provided on all nonfire-rated doors that
are not provided with locks, latch sets, or miscellaneous dead
bolts.

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COMPLETE REVISION

PIP ARS08710
Door Hardware Supplier Specification

February 2008

4.5.1.8 Thresholds

1. Thresholds shall be in accordance with ANSI/BHMA A156.21.


2. Thresholds for out-swinging doors shall be provided with an
interlocking lip and with a hook on the bottom edge of the door
to act as a weather bar.
3. Thresholds shall be either extruded or cast aluminum.
4.5.1.9 Auxiliary Hardware (ANSI/BHMA A156.16)

1. Auxiliary hardware shall include door stops, door holders, door


silencers, and astragals.
2. All auxiliary hardware shall be Grade 1.
3. Three silencers shall be provided for each door unless gaskets
or other weather seals are provided.
4. One wall stop (preferred) or one floor stop shall be provided for
each door.
5. Exterior double doors shall have an astragal or removable
mullion.
6. Pairs of doors that open in the same direction and that have an
astragal shall be provided with a door coordinator.
7. A coordinator shall be provided if door bolts are used on pairs
of doors with an astragal and the inactive leaf has an exit
device.
8. A roller-type stop shall be provided if the swinging of two
doors through the same area may cause damage to either door.
4.5.1.10 Fire-rated Hardware

1. All hardware for doors in firewalls shall be fire-rated and be


provided with a UL label.
2. Only qualified companies listed in the UL Building Materials
Directory, UL-Qualified Companies for Door Hardware, shall
provide fire-rated hardware.
4.5.2

Finishes (ANSI/BHMA A156.18)


4.5.2.1 The designations used in the contract documents to specify the
hardware finishes are those listed in ANSI/BHMA A156.18.
4.5.2.2 The quality of finishes, including thickness of plating or coating (if
any), composition, and other qualities shall be in accordance with the
manufacturers standards but shall not be less than specified by
referenced standards for the applicable units of the hardware. Hinges
for exterior doors shall be satin chrome unless otherwise specified.
4.5.2.3 The finish of every hardware unit, including fasteners, at each door
or opening shall be matched to the greatest extent possible.

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PIP ARS08710
Door Hardware Supplier Specification

February 2008

4.5.3

Keying (ANSI/BHMA A156.28)


4.5.3.1 Keying shall be in accordance with ANSI/BHMA A156.28.
4.5.3.2 The number of keys shall be as specified in the contract documents.
4.5.3.3 For additions to existing projects, a keying system shall be integrated
into the existing system as specified in the contract documents.
4.5.3.4 Unless otherwise specified in the contract documents, the keying
system shall include a master key that opens all locks.

4.5.4

Weather Stripping (ANSI/BHMA A156.22)


4.5.4.1 Continuous weather stripping with noncorrosive fasteners shall be
provided on all exterior doors and on interior doors if specified in the
contract documents.
4.5.4.2 Special sealing for safe havens shall be as specified by the contract
documents.
4.5.4.3 Weather stripping shall be extruded aluminum with a naturalanodized finish. The minimum thickness of the main walls and
flanges shall be 0.062 inch (1.5 mm).
4.5.4.4 Weatherstripping shall be fully adjustable with either vinyl or
neoprene/epdm inserts, or as specified by the contract documents.

4.5.5

Key Cabinet
A wall-mounted key cabinet control system, if required by the contract
documents, shall be in accordance with GSA A-A-2547.

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