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# Elastodynamics - Motivation

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Elastodynamics -1!

## The discrete elastodynamics equations can be derived from either

Hamiltonian, Lagrangian or principle of virtual work for (dAlemberts
principle)
(build-in boundaries)
!

## Element mass matrix

element mass matrix

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The stiffness matrix and the load vector are the same as for the static case
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Elastodynamics -2!

## Semi-discrete equation of motion

Mass matrix
Stiffness matrix
External force vector
Initial conditions

!
!
!

Viscous damping

Rayleigh damping

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deformed
configuration
reference
configuration
!

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!

## In practice the rotational contribution can mostly be neglected

For the equivalent Reissner-Mindlin plate, the components of the mass matrix are
simply the total element mass divided by four

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!

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## Assume displacements, velocities, and accelerations

for t!tn are known

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## Explicit Time Integration -2!

Provided that the mass matrix is diagonal the update of displacements and
velocities can be accomplished without solving any equations
Explicit time integration is very easy to implement. The disadvantage is
conditional stability. If the time step exceeds a critical value the solution will
grow unboundedly
!

exact solution

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!
!
!
!

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## is the temperature vector and

is the heat capacity matrix
is the heat conductivity matrix
is the heat supply vector

## its time derivative

Initial conditions

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## Common names for the resulting methods

forward differences; forward Euler
trapezoidal rule; midpoint rule; Crank-Nicholson
backward differences; backward Euler

!
!
!

!
!

For
For

## the method is explicit

the method is implicit

substituting in
known

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## For elastodynamics most widely used family of time integration schemes

Assume that the displacements, velocities, and accelerations for t!tn are
known

!

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## Unconditionally stable and undamped for

Compute predictors

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