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EprocurementWikipedia,thefreeencyclopedia

Eprocurement
FromWikipedia,thefreeencyclopedia

Eprocurement(electronicprocurement,sometimesalsoknownassupplierexchange)isthebusinessto
businessorbusinesstoconsumerorbusinesstogovernmentpurchaseandsaleofsupplies,work,and
servicesthroughtheInternetaswellasotherinformationandnetworkingsystems,suchaselectronicdata
interchangeandenterpriseresourceplanning.[1]
Theeprocurementvaluechainconsistsofindentmanagement,eTendering,eAuctioning,vendor
management,cataloguemanagement,PurchaseOrderIntegration,OrderStatus,ShipNotice,eInvoicing,e
Payment,andcontractmanagement.Indentmanagementistheworkflowinvolvedinthepreparationof
tenders.Thispartofthevaluechainisoptional,withindividualprocuringdepartmentsdefiningtheir
indentingprocess.Inworksprocurement,administrativeapprovalandtechnicalsanctionareobtainedin
electronicformat.Ingoodsprocurement,indentgenerationactivityisdoneonline.Theendresultofthe
stageistakenasinputsforissuingtheNIT.
Elementsofeprocurementincluderequestforinformation,requestforproposal,requestforquotation,RFx
(thepreviousthreetogether),andeRFx(softwareformanagingRFxprojects).

Contents
1Inthepublicsector
2Vendors
3Eprocurementsystems
4Seealso
5References

Inthepublicsector
Publicsectororganizationsuseeprocurementforcontractstoachievebenefitssuchasincreasedefficiency
andcostsavings(fasterandcheaper)ingovernmentprocurement[2]andimprovedtransparency(toreduce
corruption)inprocurementservices.[3]Eprocurementinthepublicsectorhasseenrapidgrowthinrecent
years.Act590ofLouisiana's2008RegularLegislativeSessionrequirespoliticalsubdivisionstomake
provisionsforthereceiptofelectronicbids.
Eprocurementinthepublicsectorisemerginginternationally.Hence,initiativeshavebeenimplementedin
Singapore,UK,USA,Malaysia,Australia,EuropeanUnion[4]andKazakhstan[5]
EprocurementprojectsareoftenpartofthecountryslargereGovernmenteffortstobetterserveits
citizensandbusinessesinthedigitaleconomy.Forexample,SingaporesGeBIZwasimplementedasone
oftheprogrammesunderitseGovernmentmasterplan.[6]
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TheProcurementG6leadstheuseofeprocurementinstrumentsinPublicprocurement.

Vendors
Thisfieldispopulatedbytwotypesofvendors:bigenterpriseresourceplanning(ERP)providerswhich
offereprocurementasoneoftheirservices,andthemoreaffordableservicesfocusedspecificallyofe
procurement.

Eprocurementsystems
Aneprocurementsystemmanagestendersthroughawebsite.Thiscanbeaccessedanywheregloballyand
hasgreatlyimprovedtheaccessibilityoftenders.AnexampleistheSystemforAcquisitionManagement
(SAM),whichonJuly30,2013combinedinformationfromtheformerCentralContractorRegistrationand
OnlineRepresentationsandCertificationsApplication(ORCA),[7]intheUnitedStates.[8]

Seealso
Complexsales
Constructionbidding
ContractA
Proposal
Reverseauction
Tendernotification
Tendering
Strategicsourcing
Outsourcing
PubliceProcurement
Purchasetopay

References
1. Baily,P.J.H.(2008).Procurementprinciplesandmanagement.Harlow,England:PrenticeHallFinancial
Times.p.394.
2. "GovernmentprocurementnewsfromFutureGov"(http://www.futuregov.asia/articles/2011/feb/24/philippinese
procurementsystemtargetslate2011/).FutureGov.
3. "CombatingcorruptionintheEUthrougheProcurement"(http://blog.transparency.org/2011/02/16/combating
corruptionintheeuthrougheprocurement/).

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4. KishorVaidya,A.S.M.SajeevandGuyCallender(2006)."CriticalFactorsthatInfluenceEProcurement
ImplementationSuccessinthePublicSector"(http://ippa.org/jopp/download/vol6/issue1
2/e_ProSympAr6_Vaidya_etal.pdf).JournalofPublicProcurement6(1&3):79.
5. MadinaBakieva(2010&3)."EnhancingcompetitivenessandpublicprocurementinKazakhstan"
(http://eeas.europa.eu/delegations/kazakhstan/press_corner/all_news/news/2010/20100310_01_en.htm).European
UnionEEAS(EuropeanExternalActionService)DelegationinKazakhstan:1.Checkdatevaluesin:|date=
(help)
6. "SingaporeEGovernmentActionPlanIProgrammes"(http://www.egov.gov.sg/egovmasterplans/egap
i/programmes).
7. "CIRASGovernmentContractingCCRandORCA"(http://www.ciras.iastate.edu/procurement/ccrandorca.asp).
IowaStateUniversityExtensionandOutreach.Retrieved27June2013.
8. "CCRMovingtoSAM"(http://www.hrsa.gov/grants/sam.html).U.S.DepartmentofHealthandHuman
Services,HealthResourcesandServicesAdministration.Retrieved27June2013.

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