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Mental Health Exam 6 (Ch 21, 24, 26, 28) Take Home Test
Ch 21
1.
A nurse visits the home of an 11-year-old child and finds the child caring for three
younger siblings. Both parents are at work. The child says, I want to go to school, but we cant
afford a babysitter. It doesnt matter; Im too dumb to learn. What preliminary assessment is
evident?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Insufficient data are present to make an assessment.


Child and siblings are experiencing neglect.
Children are at high risk for sexual abuse.
Children are experiencing physical abuse.

2.
An 11-year-old child is absent from school to care for siblings while the parents
work. The family cannot afford a babysitter. When asked about the parents, the child reluctantly
says, My parents dont like me. They call me stupid and say I never do anything right. Which
type of abuse is likely?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Sexual
Physical
Emotional
Economic

3.
families?
A.
B.
C.
D.

What feelings are most commonly experienced by nurses working with abusive

Outrage toward the victim and sympathy for the abuser


Sympathy for the victim and anger toward the abuser
Unconcern for the victim and dislike for the abuser
Vulnerability for self and empathy with the abuser

4.
Which rationale best explains why a nurse should be aware of personal feelings while
working with a family experiencing family violence?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Self-awareness protects ones own mental health.


Strong negative feelings interfere with assessment and judgment.
Strong positive feelings lead to underinvolvement with the victim.
Positive feelings promote the development of sympathy for patients.

5.
A clinic nurse interviews an adult patient who reports fatigue, back pain, headaches,
and sleep disturbances. The patient seems tense and then becomes reluctant to provide more
information and hurries to leave. How can the nurse best serve the patient?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Explore the possibility of patient social isolation.


Have the patient complete an abuse assessment screen.
Ask whether the patient has ever had psychiatric counseling.
Ask the patient to disrobe; then assess for signs of physical abuse.

6.
A patient at the emergency department is diagnosed with a concussion. The patient is
accompanied by a spouse who insists on staying in the room and answering all questions. The
patient avoids eye contact and has a sad affect and slumped shoulders. Assessment of which
additional problem has priority?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Risk of intimate partner violence


Phobia of crowded places
Migraine headaches
Major depression

7.

What is a nurses legal responsibility if child abuse or neglect is suspected?

A.
B.
C.
D.

Discuss the findings with the childs teacher, principal, and school psychologist.
Report the suspected abuse or neglect according to state regulations.
Document the observations and speculations in the medical record.
Continue the assessment.

8.
Several children are seen in the emergency department for treatment of illnesses and
injuries. Which finding would create a high index of suspicion for child abuse? The child who
has:
A.
B.
C.
D.

repeated middle ear infections.


severe colic.
bite marks.
croup.

9.
An 11-year-old child says, My parents dont like me. They call me stupid and say I
never do anything right, but it doesnt matter. Im too dumb to learn. Which nursing diagnosis
applies to this child?

A.
B.
C.
D.

Chronic low self-esteem, related to negative feedback from parents


Deficient knowledge, related to interpersonal skills with parents
Disturbed personal identity, related to negative self-evaluation
Complicated grieving, related to poor academic performance

10.
An adult has recently been absent from work for 3-day periods on several occasions.
Each time, the individual returns to work wearing dark glasses. Facial and body bruises are
apparent. What is the occupational health nurses priority assessment?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Interpersonal relationships
Work responsibilities
Socialization skills
Physical injuries

11.
An adult has recently been absent from work for 3-day periods on several occasions.
Each time, this person returns to work wearing dark glasses. Facial and body bruises are
apparent. What is the occupational health nurses priority question?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Do you drink excessively?


Did your partner beat you?
How did this happen to you?
What did you do to deserve this?

12.
An employee has recently been absent from work on several occasions. Each time,
this employee returns to work wearing dark glasses. Facial and body bruises are apparent. During
the occupational health nurses interview, the employee says, My partner beat me, but it was
because there are problems at work. What should the nurses next action be?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Call the police.


Arrange for hospitalization.
Call the adult protective agency.
Document injuries with a body map.

13.
A patient tells the nurse, My husband is abusive most often when he drinks too
much. His family was like that when he was growing up. He always apologizes and regrets
hurting me. What risk factor was most predictive for the husband to become abusive?
A. History of family violence
B. Loss of employment

C. Abuse of alcohol
D. Poverty
14.
An adult tells the nurse, My partner abuses me most often when drinking. The
drinking has increased lately, but I always get an apology afterward and a box of candy. Ive
considered leaving but havent been able to bring myself to actually do it. Which phase in the
cycle of violence prevents the patient from leaving?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Tension building
Acute battering
Honeymoon
Recovery

15.
After treatment for a detached retina, a victim of intimate partner violence says,
My partner only abuses me when intoxicated. Ive considered leaving, but I was brought up to
believe you stay together, no matter what happens. I always get an apology, and I can tell my
partner feels bad after hitting me. Which nursing diagnosis applies?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Social isolation, related to lack of community support system


Risk for injury, related to partners physical abuse when intoxicated
Deficient knowledge, related to resources for escape from the abusive relationship
Disabled family coping, related to uneven distribution of power within a relationship

16.
A victim of physical abuse by an intimate partner is treated for a broken wrist. The
patient has considered leaving but says, You stay together, no matter what happens. Which
outcome should be met before the patient leaves the emergency department? The patient will:
A.
B.
C.
D.

limit contact with the abuser by obtaining a restraining order.


name two community resources that can be contacted.
demonstrate insight into the abusive relationship.
facilitate counseling for the abuser.

17.
An older adult diagnosed with dementia lives with family and attends a day care center.
A nurse at the day care center notices the adult has a disheveled appearance, a strong odor of
urine, and bruises on the limbs and back. What type of abuse might be occurring?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Psychological
Financial
Physical
Sexual

18.
An older adult diagnosed with Alzheimer disease lives with family. During the
week, the person attends a day care center while the family is at work. In the evenings, members
of the family provide care. Which factor makes this patient most vulnerable to abuse?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Dementia
Living in a rural area
Being part of a busy family
Being home only in the evening

19.
An older adult diagnosed with Alzheimer disease lives with family. After observing
multiple bruises, the home health nurse talks with the older adults daughter, who becomes
defensive and says, My mother often wanders at night. Last night she fell down the stairs.
Which nursing diagnosis has priority?
A. Risk for injury, related to poor judgment, cognitive impairment, and lack of caregiver
supervision
B. Noncompliance, related to confusion and disorientation as evidenced by lack of
cooperation
C. Impaired verbal communication, related to brain impairment as evidenced by the
confusion
D. Insomnia, related to cognitive impairment as evidenced by wandering at night
20.
An older adult diagnosed with dementia lives with family and attends day care.
After observing poor hygiene, the nurse at the center talks with the patients adult child. This
caregiver becomes defensive and says, It takes all my time and energy to care for my mother.
Shes awake all night. I never get any sleep. Which nursing intervention has priority?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Teach the caregiver more about the effects of dementia.


Secure additional resources for the mothers evening and night care.
Support the caregiver to grieve the loss of the mothers ability to function.
Teach the family how to give physical care more effectively and efficiently.

21.
A patient has a history of physical violence against family members when frustrated
and then experiences periods of remorse after each outburst. Which finding indicates success in
the plan of care? The patient:
A.
B.
C.
D.

expresses frustration verbally instead of physically.


explains the rationale for behaviors to the victim.
identifies three personal strengths.
agrees to seek counseling.

22.
Which referral is most appropriate for a woman who is severely beaten by her
husband, has no relatives or friends in the community, is afraid to return home, and has limited
financial resources?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Support group
Law enforcement
Womens shelter
Vocational counseling

23.

Which family scenario presents the greatest risk for family violence?

A. An unemployed husband with low self-esteem, a wife who loses her job, and a
developmentally delayed 3-year-old child
B. A husband who finds employment 2 weeks after losing his previous job, a wife with
stable employment, and a child doing well in school
C. A single mother with an executive position, a talented child, and a widowed grandmother
living in the home to provide child care
D. A single homosexual male parent, an adolescent son who has just begun dating girls, and
the fathers unmarried sister who has come to visit for 2 weeks
24.
A 10-year-old child cares for siblings while the parents work because the family
cannot afford a babysitter. This child says, My father doesnt like me. He calls me stupid all the
time. The mother says the father is easily frustrated and has trouble disciplining the children.
The community health nurse should consider which resources to stabilize the home situation?
Select all that apply.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

Parental sessions to teach childrearing practices


Anger management counseling for the father
Continuing home visits to provide support
Safety plan for the wife and children
Placement of the children in foster care

25.
A nurse assists a victim of intimate partner violence to create a plan for escape if it
becomes necessary. The plan should include which components? Select all that apply.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.

Keep a cell phone fully charged.


Hide money with which to buy new clothes.
Have the telephone number for the nearest shelter.
Take enough toys to amuse the children for 2 days.
Secure a supply of current medications for self and children.
Determine a code word to signal children that it is time to leave.
Assemble birth certificates, Social Security cards, and licenses.

26.
A community health nurse visits a family with four children. The father behaves
angrily, finds fault with a child, and asks twice, Why are you such a stupid kid? The wife says,
I have difficulty disciplining the children. Its so frustrating. Which comments by the nurse
will facilitate the interview with these parents? Select all that apply.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

Tell me how you punish your children.


How do you stop your baby from crying?
Caring for four small children must be difficult.
Do you or your husband ever beat the children?
Calling children stupid injures their self-esteem.

Questions
1.

Which behavior best demonstrates aggression?

A. Stomping away from the nurses station, going to another room, and grabbing a snack
from another patient.
B. Bursting into tears, leaving the community meeting, and sitting on a bed hugging a pillow
and sobbing.
C. Telling the primary nurse, I felt angry when you said I could not have a second helping
at lunch.
D. Telling the medication nurse, I am not going to take that or any other medication you try
to give me.

2.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Which scenario predicts the highest risk for directing violent behavior toward others?
Major depressive disorder with delusions of worthlessness
Obsessive-compulsive disorder; performing many rituals
Paranoid delusions of being followed by a military attack team
Completion of alcohol withdrawal and beginning a rehabilitation program

3.
A patient is hospitalized after an arrest for breaking windows in the home of a former
domestic partner. The history reveals childhood abuse by a punitive parent, torturing family pets
and an arrest for disorderly conduct. Which nursing diagnosis has priority?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Risk for injury


Post-trauma response
Disturbed thought processes
Risk for other-directed violence

4.
A confused older adult patient in a skilled care facility is sleeping. The nurse enters
the room quietly and touches the bed to see if it is wet. The patient awakens and hits the nurse in
the face. Which statement best explains the patients action?

A.
B.
C.
D.

Older adult patients often demonstrate exaggerations of behaviors used earlier in life.
Crowding in skilled care facilities increases individual tendencies toward violence.
The patient interpreted the health care workers behavior as potentially harmful.
This patient learned violent behavior by watching other patients act out.

5.
A patient is pacing the hall near the nurses station and swearing loudly. An
appropriate initial intervention for the nurse would be to address the patient by name and say:
A.
B.
C.
D.

Hey, whats going on?


Please quiet down immediately.
Id like to talk with you about how youre feeling right now.
You must go to your room and try to get control of yourself.

6.
A patient was responding to auditory hallucinations earlier in the morning. The
patient approaches the nurse, shaking a fist and shouting, Back off! and then goes into the day
room. As the nurse follows the patient into the day room, the nurse should:
A.
B.
C.
D.

make sure adequate physical space exists between the nurse and the patient.
move into a position that allows the patient to be close to the door.
maintain one arms length distance from the patient.
sit down in a chair near the patient.

7.
An intramuscular dose of antipsychotic medication needs to be given to a patient who is
becoming increasingly more aggressive. The patient is in the day room. The nurse should enter
the day room:
A. and say, Would you like to come to your room and take some medication your doctor
prescribed for you?
B. accompanied by three staff members and say, Please come to your room so I can give
you some medication that will help you feel more comfortable.
C. and place the patient in a basket-hold and then say, I am going to take you to your room
to give you an injection of medication to calm you.
D. accompanied by two security guards and tell the patient, You can come to your room
willingly so I can give you this medication, or the aide and I will take you there.

8.
After an assault by a patient, a nurse has difficulty sleeping, startles easily, and is
preoccupied with the incident. The nurse says, I dread facing potentially violent patients.
Which response would be the most urgent reason for this nurse to seek supervision?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Startle reactions
Difficulty sleeping
A wish for revenge
Preoccupation with the incident

9.
The staff development coordinator plans to teach use of physical management
techniques when patients become assaultive. Which topic should be emphasized?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Practice and teamwork


Spontaneity and surprise
Caution and superior size
Diversion and physical outlets

10.
An adult patient assaults another patient and is restrained. One hour later, which
statement by this restrained patient necessitates the nurses immediate attention?
A.
B.
C.
D.

I hate all of you!


My fingers are tingly.
You wait until I tell my lawyer.
It was not my fault. The other patient started it.

11.
Which is an effective nursing intervention to assist an angry patient to learn to manage
anger without violence?
A. Help the patient identify a thought that increases anger, find proof for or against the
belief, and substitute reality-based thinking.
B. Provide negative reinforcement such as restraint or seclusion in response to angry
outbursts, whether or not violence is present.
C. Use aversive conditioning, such as popping a rubber band on the wrist, to help extinguish
angry feelings.
D. Administer an antipsychotic or antianxiety medication when the patient feels angry.
12.
who:
A.
B.
C.
D.

Which assessment finding presents the greatest risk for violent behavior? A patient

is severely agoraphobic.
has a history of intimate partner violence.
demonstrates bizarre somatic delusions.
verbalizes hopelessness and powerlessness.

13.
A patient being admitted suddenly pulls a knife from a coat pocket and threatens, I
will kill anyone who tries to get near me. An emergency code is called. The patient is safely
disarmed and placed in seclusion. Justification for the use of seclusion is that the patient:
A.
B.
C.
D.

evidences a thought disorder, rendering rational discussion ineffective.


presents a clear and present danger to others.
presents a clear escape risk.
is psychotic.

14.
A patient sits in silence for 20 minutes after a therapy appointment, appearing tense
and vigilant. The patient abruptly stands and paces back and forth, clenching and unclenching
fists, and then stops and stares in the face of a staff member. The patient is:
A.
B.
C.
D.

demonstrating withdrawal.
working through angry feelings.
attempting to use relaxation strategies.
exhibiting clues to potential aggression.

15.
A cognitively impaired patient has been a widow for 30 years. This patient is frantically
trying to leave the unit, saying, I have to go home to cook dinner before my husband arrives
from work. To intervene with validation therapy, the nurse should first say:
A.
B.
C.
D.

You must come away from the door.


You have been a widow for many years.
You want to go home to prepare your husbands dinner?
Was your husband angry if you did not have dinner ready on time?

16.
A patient with a history of anger and impulsivity is hospitalized after an accident
resulting in injuries. When in pain, the patient loudly scolds the nursing staff for not knowing
enough to give me pain medicine when I need it. Which nursing intervention would best
address this problem?
A. Tell the patient to notify nursing staff 30 minutes before the pain returns so the
medication can be prepared.
B. Urge the health care provider to change the prescription for pain medication from as
needed to a regular schedule.
C. Tell the patient that verbal assaults on nurses will not shorten the wait for pain
medication.
D. Have the clinical nurse leader request a psychiatric consultation.

17.
A patient has a history of impulsively acting out anger by striking others. Which
would be an appropriate plan for avoiding such incidents?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Explain that restraint and seclusion will be used if violence occurs.


Help the patient identify incidents that trigger impulsive acting out.
Offer one-on-one supervision to help the patient maintain control.
Administer lorazepam (Ativan) every 4 hours to reduce the patients anxiety.

18.
A patient with severe injuries is irritable, angry, and belittles the nurses. As a nurse
changes a dressing, the patient screams, Dont touch me! You are so stupid. You will make it
worse! Which intervention uses a cognitive technique to help this patient?
A. Discontinue the dressing change without comments and leave the room.
B. Stop the dressing change, saying, Perhaps you would like to change your own dressing.
C. Continue the dressing change, saying, Do you know this dressing change is needed so
your wound will not get infected?
D. Continue the dressing change, saying, Unfortunately, you have no choice. Your doctor
ordered this dressing change.

19.
Which medication should a nurse administer to provide immediate intervention for
a psychotic patient whose aggressive behavior continues to escalate despite verbal intervention?
A.
B.
C.
D.

lithium (Eskalith)
trazodone (Desyrel)
olanzapine (Zyprexa)
valproic acid (Depakene)

20.
An emergency department nurse realizes that the spouse of a patient is becoming
increasingly irritable while waiting. Which intervention should the nurse use to prevent
escalation of anger?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Explain that the patients condition is not life threatening.


Periodically provide an update and progress report on the patient.
Explain that all patients are treated in order, based on their medical needs.
Suggest that the spouse return home until the patients treatment is completed.

21.
Information from a patients record that indicates marginal coping skills and the
need for careful assessment of the risk for violence is a history of:
A.
B.
C.
D.

childhood trauma.
family involvement.
academic problems.
substance abuse.

22.
A patient diagnosed with pneumonia has been hospitalized for 4 days. Family
members describe the patient as a difficult person who finds fault with others. The patient
verbally abuses nurses for providing poor care. The most likely explanation for this behavior lies
in:
A.
B.
C.
D.

poor childrearing that did not teach respect for others.


automatic thinking, leading to cognitive distortion.
personality style that externalizes problems.
delusions that others wish to deliver harm.

23.
A patient with burn injuries has had good coping skills for several weeks. Today, a new
nurse is poorly organized and does not follow the patients usual schedule is. By mid-afternoon,
the patient is angry and loudly complains to the nurse manager. Which is the nurse managers
best response?
A. Explain the reasons for the disorganization, and take over the patients care for the rest of
the shift.
B. Acknowledge and validate the patients distress and ask, What would you like to have
happen?
C. Apologize and explain that the patient will have to accept the situation for the rest of the
shift.
D. Ask the patient to control the anger and explain that allowances must be made for new
staff members.
24.
When a patients aggression quickly escalates, which principle applies to the
selection of nursing interventions?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Staff members should match the patients affective level and tone of voice.
Ask the patient what intervention would be most helpful.
Immediately use physical containment measures.
Begin with the least restrictive measure possible.

25.
A new patient immediately requires seclusion on admission. The assessment is
incomplete, and no prescriptions have been written. Immediately after safely secluding the
patient, which action has priority?

A.
B.
C.
D.

Provide an opportunity for the patient to go to the bathroom.


Notify the health care provider and obtain a seclusion order.
Notify the hospital risk manager.
Debrief the staff.

26.
A patient with a history of command hallucinations approaches the nurse, yelling
obscenities. The patient mumbles and then walks away. The nurse follows. Which nursing
actions are most likely to be effective in de-escalating this scenario? Select all that apply.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

State the expectation that the patient will stay in control.


State that the patient cannot be understood when mumbling.
Offer to provide the patient with medication to help.
Speak in a firm but calm voice.
Tell the patient, You are behaving inappropriately.

27.
A nurse directs the intervention team who must take an aggressive patient to
seclusion. Other patients were removed from the area. Before approaching the patient, the nurse
should ensure that staff take which actions? Select all that apply.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

Remove jewelry, glasses, and harmful items from the patient and staff members.
Appoint a person to clear a path and open, close, or lock doors.
Quickly approach the patient, and grab the closest extremity.
Select the person who will communicate with the patient.
Move behind the patient to use the element of surprise.

28.
Which central nervous system structures are most associated with anger and
aggression? Select all that apply.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

Amygdala
Cerebellum
Basal ganglia
Temporal lobe
Parietal lobe

29.
Which behaviors are most consistent with the clinical picture of a patient who is
becoming increasingly aggressive? Select all that apply.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

Pacing
Crying
Withdrawn affect
Rigid posture with clenched jaw
Staring with narrowed eyes into the eyes of another

30.
Because an intervention is required to control a patients aggressive behavior, a
critical incident debriefing takes place. Which topics should be the focus of the discussion?
Select all that apply.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

Patient behavior associated with the incident


Genetic factors associated with aggression
Intervention techniques used by staff
Effect of environmental factors
Review of theories of aggression

Children and Adolescents


1.
A 5-year-old child moves and talks constantly, is easily distracted, and does not listen
to the parents. The child awakens before the parents every morning. The child attended
kindergarten, but the teacher could not handle the behavior. What is this childs most likely
problem?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Tic disorder
Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD)
Intellectual development disorder (IDD)
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)

2.
A child diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has
hyperactivity, distractibility, and impaired play. The health care provider prescribed
methylphenidate (Concerta). The desired behavior for which the nurse should monitor is:
A.
B.
C.
D.

increased expressiveness in communicating with others.


improved ability to participate in play with other children.
ability to identify anxiety and implement self-control strategies.
improved socialization skills with other children and authority figures.

3.
A 5-year-old child diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
bounces out of a chair in the waiting room, runs across the room, and begins to slap another
child. What is the nurses best action?
A. Call for emergency assistance from another staff member.
B. Instruct the parents to take the child home immediately.

C. Direct this child to stop, and then comfort the other child.
D. Take the child into another room with toys to act out feelings.
4.
A 16-year-old adolescent diagnosed with conduct disorder (CD) has been in a
residential program for three months. Which outcome should occur before discharge?
A. The teen and parents create and consent to a behavioral contract with rules, rewards, and
consequences.
B. The teen completes an application to enter a military academy for continued structure and
discipline.
C. The teen is temporarily placed with a foster family until the parents complete a parenting
skills class.
D. The teen has an absence of anger and frustration for 1 week.
5.
A child diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is going to
begin medication therapy. The nurse should plan to teach the family about which classification of
medications?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Central nervous system stimulants


Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs)
Antipsychotic medications
Anxiolytic medications

6.
Shortly after an adolescents parents announce a plan to divorce, the teen stops
participating in sports, sits alone at lunch, and avoids former friends. The adolescent says, If my
parents loved me, then they would work out their problems. What nursing diagnosis is most
applicable?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Ineffective coping
Decisional conflict
Chronic low self-esteem
Disturbed personal identity

7.
Shortly after a 15-year-olds parents announce a plan to divorce, the adolescent stops
participating in sports, sits alone at lunch, and avoids former friends. The adolescent says, All
the other kids have families. If my parents loved me, then they would stay together. Which
nursing intervention is most appropriate?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Develop a plan for activities of daily living.


Communicate disbelief relative to the adolescents feelings.
Assist the adolescent to differentiate reality from perceptions.
Assess and document the adolescents level of depression daily.

8.
When group therapy is to be used as a treatment modality, the nurse should suggest
placing a 9-year-old in a group that uses:

A.
B.
C.
D.

play activities exclusively.


group discussion exclusively.
talk focused on a specific issue.
play then talk about the play activity.

9.
expects:
A.
B.
C.
D.

When assessing a 2-year-old diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder, a nurse

hyperactivity and attention deficits.


failure to develop interpersonal skills.
history of disobedience and destructive acts.
high levels of anxiety when separated from a parent.

10.
A 4-year-old child cries and screams from the time the parents leave the child at
preschool until the child is picked up 4 hours later. The child is calm and relaxed when the
parents are present. The parents ask, What should we do? What is the nurses best
recommendation?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Send a picture of yourself to school to keep with the child.


Arrange with the teacher to let the child call home at playtime.
Talk with the school about withdrawing the child until maturity increases.
Talk with your health care provider about a referral to a mental health professional.

11.
A 15-year-old adolescent has run away from home six times. After the adolescent
was arrested for prostitution, the parents told the court, We cant manage our teenager. The
adolescent is physically abusive to the mother and defiant with the father. The adolescents
problem is most consistent with criteria for:
A.
B.
C.
D.

attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).


childhood depression.
conduct disorder (CD).
autism spectrum disorder (ASD).

12.
A 15-year-old adolescent is referred to a residential program after an arrest for theft
and running away from home. At the program, the adolescent refuses to participate in scheduled
activities and pushes a staff member, causing a fall. Which approach by the nursing staff would
be most therapeutic?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Neutrally permit refusals


Coax to gain compliance
Offer rewards in advance
Establish firm limits

13.

An adolescent was arrested for prostitution and assault on a parent. The adolescent says, I
hate my parents. They focus all their attention on my brother, whos perfect in their eyes. Which
type of therapy might promote the greatest change in this adolescents behavior?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Bibliotherapy
Play therapy
Family therapy
Art therapy

14.
An adolescent is arrested for prostitution and assault on a parent. The adolescent says,
I hate my parents. They focus all their attention on my brother, whos perfect in their eyes.
Which nursing diagnosis is most applicable?
A. Ineffective impulse control, related to seeking parental attention as evidenced by acting
out
B. Disturbed personal identity, related to acting out as evidenced by prostitution
C. Impaired parenting, related to showing preference for one child over another
D. Hopelessness, related to feeling unloved by parents
15.
Which assessment finding would cause the nurse to consider an 8-year-old child to
be most at risk for the development of a psychiatric disorder?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Being raised by a parent with chronic major depressive disorder


Moving to three new homes over a 2-year period
Not being promoted to the next grade
Having an imaginary friend

16.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

Which child shows behaviors indicative of mental illness?

4-year-old who stuttered for 3 weeks after the birth of a sibling


9-month-old who does not eat vegetables and likes to be rocked
3-month-old who cries after feeding until burped and sucks a thumb
3-year-old who is mute, passive toward adults, and twirls while walking

17.
The child most likely to receive propranolol (Inderal) to control aggression,
deliberate self-injury, and temper tantrums is one diagnosed with:
A.
B.
C.
D.

attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).


post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
autism spectrum disorder (ASD).
separation anxiety.

18.
A 12-year-old child has been the neighborhood bully for several years. The parents
say, We cant believe anything our child says. Recently, the child shot a dog with a pellet gun
and set fire to a trash bin outside a store. The childs behaviors are most consistent with:
A.
B.
C.
D.

conduct disorder (CD).


defiance of authority.
anxiety over separation from a parent.
attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

19.
The parent of a child diagnosed with Tourettes disorder says to the nurse, I think
my child is faking the tics because they come and go. Which response by the nurse is accurate?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Perhaps your child was misdiagnosed.


Your observation indicates the medication is effective.
Tics often change frequency or severity. That does not mean they arent real.
This finding is unexpected. How have you been administering your childs medication?

20.
An 11-year-old child, who has been diagnosed with oppositional defiant disorder
(ODD), becomes angry over the rules at a residential treatment program and begins shouting at
the nurse. Select the best method to defuse the situation.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Assign the child to a short time-out.


Administer an antipsychotic medication.
Place the child in a therapeutic hold.
Call a staff member to seclude the child.

21.
When a 5-year-old child is disruptive, the nurse says, You must take a time-out.
The expectation is that the child will:
A.
B.
C.
D.

go to a quiet room until called for the next meal.


slowly count to 20 before returning to the group activity.
sit on the edge of the activity until able to regain self-control.
sit quietly on the lap of a staff member until able to apologize for the behavior.

22.
A child blurts out answers to questions before the questions are complete,
demonstrates an inability to take turns, and persistently interrupts and intrudes in the
conversations of others. Assessment data show these behaviors relate primarily to:
A.
B.
C.
D.

intelligence.
impulsivity.
inattention.
defiance.

23.
A parent diagnosed with schizophrenia and her 13-year-old child live in a homeless
shelter. The child has formed a trusting relationship with a shelter volunteer. The child says, My
three friends and I got an A on our school science project. The nurse can assess that the child:

A.
B.
C.
D.

displays resiliency.
has a difficult temperament.
is at risk for post-traumatic stress disorder.
uses intellectualization to deal with problems.

24.
A parent diagnosed with schizophrenia and 13-year-old child live in a homeless
shelter. The child has formed a trusting relationship with a volunteer. The teen says, I have three
good friends at school. We talk and sit together at lunch. What is the nurses best suggestion to
the treatment team?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Suggest foster home placement.


Seek assistance from an intimate partner violence program.
Make referrals for existing and emerging developmental problems.
Foster healthy characteristics and existing environmental supports.

25.
Which behavior indicates that the treatment plan for a child diagnosed with autism
spectrum disorder was effective? The child:
A.
B.
C.
D.

plays with one toy for 30 minutes.


repeats words spoken by a parent.
holds the parents hand while walking.
spins around and claps hands while walking.

26.
What are the primary distinguishing factors between the behavior of children
diagnosed with oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) and those diagnosed with conduct disorder
(CD)? (Select all that apply.) The child diagnosed with:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

ODD relives traumatic events by acting them out.


ODD tests limits and disobeys authority figures.
ODD has difficulty separating from the parents.
CD uses stereotypical or repetitive language.
CD often violates the rights of others.

27.
A nurse prepares the plan of care for a 15-year-old adolescent diagnosed with
moderate intellectual developmental disorder (IDD). What are the highest outcomes that are
realistic for this person? (Select all that apply.) Within 5 years, the person will:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

live unaided in an apartment.


complete high school or earn a general equivalency diploma (GED).
independently perform his or her own personal hygiene.
obtain employment in a local sheltered workshop.
correctly use public buses to travel in the community.

Older Adults
Questions
1. A student nurse visiting a senior center tells the instructor, Its so depressing to see all
these old people. They are so weak and frail. They are probably all confused. The student is
expressing:
A.
B.
C.
D.

reality.
ageism.
empathy.
advocacy.

2. A community mental health nurse plans an educational program for staff members at a
home health agency that specializes in the care of older adults. A topic of high priority should be:
A.
B.
C.
D.

identifying clinical depression in older adults.


providing cost-effective foot care for older adults.
identifying nutritional deficiencies in older adults.
psychosocial stimulation for those who live alone.

3. Which is the best comment for a nurse to use when beginning an interview with an older
adult patient?
A. Hello, [call patient by first name]. I am going to ask you some questions to get to know
you better.
B. Hello. My name is [nurses name]. I am a nurse. Please tell me how you would like to be
addressed by the staff.
C. I am going to ask you some questions about yourself. I would like to call you by your
first name if you dont mind.
D. You look as though you are comfortable and ready to participate in an admission
interview. Shall we get started?

4. A 75-year-old patient comes to the clinic reporting frequent headaches. After an


introduction at the beginning of the interview, the nurse should:
A. initiate a neurologic assessment.
B. ask if the patient can hear clearly as the nurse speaks.
C. suggest that the patient lie down in a darkened room for a few minutes.

D. administer medication to relieve the patients pain before performing the assessment.

5. Which statement about aging provides the best rationale for focused assessment of older
adult patients?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Older adults are often socially isolated and lonely.


As people age, they become more rigid in their thinking.
The majority of older adults sleep more than 12 hours per day.
The senses of vision, hearing, touch, taste, and smell decline with age.

6. A nurse asks the following questions while assessing an older adult. The nurse will add the
Geriatric Depression Scale as part of the assessment if the patient answers yes to which
question?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Would you say your mood is often sad?


Are you having any trouble with your memory?
Have you noticed an increase in your alcohol use?
Do you often experience moderate-to-severe pain?

7. A 78-year-old nursing home resident diagnosed with hypertension and cardiac disease is
usually alert and oriented. This morning, however, the resident says, My family visited during
the night. They stood by the bed and talked to me. In reality, the patients family lives 200 miles
away. The nurse should first suspect that the resident:
A.
B.
C.
D.

may be experiencing side effects associated with medications.


may be developing Alzheimer disease associated with advanced age.
had a transient ischemic attack and developed sensory perceptual alterations.
has previously unidentified alcohol abuse and is beginning alcohol withdrawal delirium.

8. A health care provider writes these new prescriptions for a resident in a skilled care
facility: 2 g sodium diet; restraint as needed; limit fluids to 2000 ml daily; 1 dose milk of
magnesia 30 ml orally if no bowel movement occurs for 3 days. Which prescription should the
nurse question?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Restraint
Fluid restriction
Milk of magnesia
Sodium restriction

9. If an older adult patient must be physically restrained, who is responsible for the patients
safety?
A. Nurse assigned to care for the patient
B. Nursing assistant who applies the restraint

C. Health care provider who ordered the application of restraint


D. Family member who agrees to the application of the restraint
10. An older adult patient brings a bag of medication to the clinic. The nurse finds one bottle
labeled Ativan and one labeled lorazepam, and both are labeled Take two times daily.
Bottles of hydrochlorothiazide, Inderal, and rofecoxib, each labeled Take one daily, are also
included. Which conclusion is accurate?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Rofecoxib should not be taken with Ativan.


The patients blood pressure is likely to be very high.
This patient should not self-administer any medication.
Lorazepam and Ativan are the same drug; consequently, the dose is excessive.

11. An advance directive gives valid direction to health care providers when a patient is:
A.
B.
C.
D.

aggressive.
dehydrated.
unable to verbally communicate.
unable to make decisions for himself or herself.

12. A patient asks the nurse, What advantage does a durable power of attorney for health
care have over a living will? The nurse should reply, A durable power of attorney for health
care:
A. gives your agent the authority to make decisions about your care if you are unable to
during any illness.
B. can be given only to a relative, usually the next of kin, who has your best interests at
heart.
C. authorizes your physician to make decisions about your care that are in your best
interest.
D. Can be used only if you have a terminal illness and become incapacitated.
13. Recognizing the risk for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) among older
adults, nurses should provide health teaching aimed at:
A.
B.
C.
D.

discouraging sexual expression.


using birth control measures.
avoiding blood transfusions.
encouraging condom use.

14. A 79-year-old white man tells a visiting nurse, Ive been feeling down lately. My family
and friends are all dead. My money is running out, and my health is failing. The nurse should
analyze this comment as:
A.
B.
C.
D.

normal negativity of older adults.


evidence of suicide risk.
a cry for sympathy.
normal grieving.

15. In a sad voice, a patient tells the nurse of the recent deaths of a spouse of 50 years as
well as an adult child in an automobile accident. The patient has no other family and only a few
friends in the community. What is the priority nursing diagnosis?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Spiritual distress, related to being angry with God for taking the family
Risk for suicide, related to recent deaths of significant others
Anxiety, related to sudden and abrupt lifestyle changes
Social isolation, related to loss of existing family

16. When making a distinction as to whether a patient is experiencing confusion related to


depression or dementia, what information would be most important for the nurse to consider?
A.
B.
C.
D.

The patient with dementia is persistently angry and hostile.


Early morning agitation and hyperactivity occur in dementia.
Confusion seems to worsen at night when dementia is present.
A patient who is depressed is constantly preoccupied with somatic symptoms.

17. An 80-year-old patient has difficulty walking because of arthritis and says, Its awful to
be old. Every day is a struggle. No one cares about old people. Which is the nurses most
therapeutic response?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Everyone here cares about old people. Thats why we work here.
It sounds like youre having a difficult time. Tell me about it.
Lets not focus on the negative. Tell me something good.
You are still able to get around, and your mind is alert.

18.A 74-year-old patient is regressed and apathetic. This patient responds to others only when
they initiate the interaction. Which therapy would be most useful to promote resocialization?

A.
B.
C.
D.

Life review
Remotivation
Group psychotherapy
Individual psychotherapy

19. A clinic nurse interviews four patients between 70 and 80 years of age. Which patient should
have further assessment regarding the risk of alcohol addiction? The patient:

A. with a history of intermittent problems of alcohol misuse early in life and who now
consumes one glass of wine nightly with dinner.
B. with no history of alcohol-related problems until age 65 years, when the patient began to
drink alcohol daily to keep my mind off my arthritis.
C. who drank socially throughout adult life and continues this pattern, saying, Ive earned
the right to do as I please.
D. who abused alcohol between the ages of 25 and 40 years but now abstains and
occasionally attends Alcoholics Anonymous.

20. A selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) is prescribed for an older adult patient
diagnosed with major depressive disorder. Nursing assessment should include careful collection
of information regarding:

A.
B.
C.
D.

use of other prescribed medications and over-the-counter products.


evidence of pseudoparkinsonism or tardive dyskinesia.
history of psoriasis and any other skin disorders.
history of diarrhea and electrolyte imbalances.

21.An older adult patient diagnosed with major depressive disorder is being treated with
sertraline (Zoloft). This medication is often chosen for older adult patients because it:

A.
B.
C.
D.

has a high degree of sedation.


is effective when given in smaller doses.
has few adverse interactions with other drugs.
is less affected by changes associated with aging.

22. When admitting older adult patients, health care agencies receiving federal funds must
provide written information about:
A. advance health care directives.

B. the financial status of the institution.


C. how to sign out against medical advice.
D. the institutions policy on the use of restraints.

23. The highest priority for assessment by nurses caring for older adults who self-administer
medications is:
A.
B.
C.
D.

use of multiple drugs with anticholinergic effects.


overuse of medications for erectile dysfunction.
misuse of antihypertensive medications.
trading medications with acquaintances.

24. A nurse and social worker co-lead a reminiscence group for six elite-old adults. Which
activity is appropriate to include in the group?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Singing a song from World War II


Learning to send and receive email
Discussing national leadership during the Vietnam War
Identifying the most troubling story in todays newspaper

25.A nurse wants to perform a preliminary assessment for suicidal ideation in an older adult
patient. Which question would obtain the desired data?
A.
B.
C.
D.

What thoughts do you have about a persons right to take his or her own life?
If you felt suicidal, would you communicate your feelings to anyone?
Do you have any risk factors that potentially contribute to suicide?
Do you think you are vulnerable to developing a depressed mood?

26. A nurse and social worker co-lead a reminiscence group for eight young-old adults. Which
activity is most appropriate to include in the group?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Singing a song from World War II


Learning how to join an online social network
Discussing national leadership during the Vietnam War
Identifying the most troubling story in todays newspaper

27.A nurse leads a staff development session about ageism among health care workers. What
information should the nurse include about the consequences of ageism? Select all that apply.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

Failure of older adults to receive necessary medical information


Development of public policy that favors programs for older adults
Staff shortages because caregivers prefer working with younger adults
Perception that older adults consume a small share of medical resources
More ancillary than professional personnel discriminate with regard to age

28.Which beliefs facilitate provision of safe, effective care for older adult patients? Select all that
apply
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

Sexual interest declines with aging.


Older adults are able to learn new tasks.
Aging results in a decline in restorative sleep.
Older adults are prone to become crime victims.
Older adults are usually lonely and socially isolated.

29.A nurse assessing an older adult patient for depression should include questions about mood
as well as which other symptoms? Select all that apply.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

Increased appetite
Sleep pattern changes
Anhedonia and anergia
Increased social isolation
Increased concern with bodily functions

30.An older patient drinks a six-pack of beer daily. The patient tells the community health nurse,
Ive been having trouble with my arthritis lately, so I take acetaminophen four times a day for
pain. What are the nurses priority interventions? Select all that apply.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Inquiring about sleep disturbances caused by mixing alcohol and analgesic medications.
Determining the safety of the daily acetaminophen dose the patient is ingesting.
Advising the patient of harmful effects of alcohol and acetaminophen on the liver.
Suggesting an increase in the acetaminophen dose because alcohol causes faster
excretion.
E. Assessing the patient for declining functional status associated with medication-induced
dementia.

31.A health care provider decided that the emotional distress of an older adult patient warrants
the use of risperidone (Risperdal). Which interventions should the nurse add to the patients plan
of care? Select all that apply.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

Monitor for signs and symptoms of diabetes.


Use disposable briefs for incontinence.
Monitor for cerebrovascular changes.
Implement a tyramine-free diet.
Monitor for dehydration.