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1--1

1. 2003.6.1
2. 2000.1.1
3. 2003.1.1
4. 2003.1.1
5.GB150
6.JB4732-
7.JB/T4735
8.GB151
12
1.
2.
3.
13 GB150-1998

1. 35Mpa
2.

1.
2.
3.
4.

5. 0.1Mpa
6. 0.02Mpa
7. 150mm
8.
9.

14

1. PW 0.1Mpa
2. 0.15m, V 0.25m3

3.

1.
2.
3.
4.

5. 0.1Mpa

0.1Mpa
0.1 Mpa
6.

7.
1--5 GB150-98

1.

2.
3.
16
: 10%
20%
17
HG
1. <0.1mg/m3;
2. 0.1-<1.0 mg/m3;
3. 1.0-<10mg/m3;
4. 10mg/m3;
18

19
P
1. 0.1MpaP1.6 Mpa
2. 1.60MpaP10 Mpa
3. 10.0MpaP100 Mpa
4. P100 Mpa
110

1.

2.

3.

4. ;

111

1.
2.

1
2
3
4
5
3.
1
2
3 PV
10Mpa.m3
4 PV
0.5Mpa.m3
5 PV
0.2Mpa.m3
6
7
8 540Mpa

10 50 m3
11 5 m3
112

22 Q235B C
Q235B 20V Q235C
0V

1. Q235B P1.6Mpa, 0~350


20mm,
2. Q235C P2.5Mpa, 0~400
30mm
23 425
GB150-98 425

Fe3C___3Fe+C()

24 525
GB150-98 525
0.04% 500~550
C0.03%
,18-9 400,18-12-2 450, 650
, 304316 H

25 ?
:

26

30mm 20R 16MnR;


50mm 20R 16MnR 16mm 15MnVR

27
V

10~100Mpa

28 0 n 25mm 20R n 38mm


16MnR15MnVR15MnVNR 18MnMoNbR 13MnNiMoNbR
V
16MnR15MnVR15MnVNR
18MnMoNbR 13MnNiMoNbR
-19.9~0
V
,
,

20R Akv18J16MnR15MnVR
Akv20J18MnMoNbR 13MnNiMoNbR Akv27J
29

1
2 100mg/L

3 10Mpa
4 GB150 2 CGB151GB12337

210 -20

16MnR 6~25mm,-20
6~120mm,-20
16MnDR 6~36mm,-40
36~100mm,-30
09Mn2VDR 6~36mm,-50
09MnNiDR 6~60mm,-70
15MnNiDR 6~60mm,-45
211
400~850
Cr23C6
212

213
1
2
3
214

2 +
3 +
4
5
6
215

216

217 GB713-86 20g


GB713-86 20g Q235-C
218 GB712-88 B Q235-C

Q235-C
B Q235-B
219 -20

mm
10
16
-30
20G
16
-20
16Mn
20
-40
09MnD
16
-50
5X10X55
C
220 300 mm

JB4726
300mm
221 16MnD -20

mm
16MnD
200
-40
200~300
-30
222 -20

mm Akv(J)
30CrMoA
M56
-100
27
35CrMoA
M56
-100
27
35CrMoA
M60~M80
-70
27
223

GB150-98 4
22
224
1 8Mpa,-269~200
2 65 3%
225
1 250 300
350
2
226


31

1 B
2

3
4 1
1.25 0.1Mpa
0.1Mpa
5

5%

32
50

50
50

50
33 GB150-98
1
2

2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
34 GB150-98

1
2
3
35

36

min
1 min3mm
2 min2mm
37 C
C
C=C1+C2 mm
C1 C2
38

b s st
10 D 10 1%
n
Nb ns nD nn
3.0 1.6 1.5 1.0
3.0 1.5 1) 1.5 1.0
1)
0.9st.

1
2

s
ns 10 D nD
M22
M24~M48 3 7
25

M22
M24~M48
52 3. 5
4. 3.0
5. 2.7 1.5
M22
M24~M48 1 6

15
39
[]
JB4733-96 B2
[]
[]11+[]22
[]=
1+2
1
2
[]1
[]2
310 800mm,
800mm

311
1 PT
PT=1.25 p [] / []t
P
[]
[]t
2 PT
PT=1.25 p
P
3
a. 12
b. 1

312

25mmg/L.

1 16MnR 15MnVR
5 15

2
313
1
2
3
4

15

10% 5~10

50%
10% 30
87%

314
1

3 5

4
5
6
30

315
S=1

S=1-3

S=

GB150-98
JB4732

316 GB15098

lame
GB15098

K1.5 lame
K1.5


317 GB15098

PcDi
=----------------2[]t-Pc
Do/Di1.5 P0.4[]t
318 GB15098

PcRi
=----------------2[]t-0.5Pc
P0.6[]t
319
( A )
( A
)
320

321 GB15098D0/e20

1 n e=n-C, L/D0 D0/n.


2 L/D0 D0/ A
3 A E B [P]
B
[P]= ------------D0/e
2AE

[P]= ------------3(D0/e)
4.[P] Pc, n,,[P]
Pc
322

323
0.9
10% 3 n
324

M
Ri r
K
Di hi
K=1
325

M :
336 GB150-98 ?
Ri=0.9Di,r=0.17Di , 0.15%,
0.3%.
,.
327 ?
:
K :
328 GB15098 ?
(K=1) 15%,
0.30%.

329

Q----
330
:
1
a. e=n-C, Ri/e
b. A
A=0.125/
c. B[P]
[P]=
[P]=
d. [P] Pc, n [P]
Pc
2.
=
Q
331

a.
Q GB150-98 7-6
b. Q GB150-98 7-7

GB150-98 6.2.2

a. Q
GB150-98 7-6
b. Q
GB150-98 7-7 GB150-98 6.2.2

332 GB150-98

a60
1 a30 a>30

2 r Di 10%,
3
3 a45 a>45

4 rs Dis 5%,
3
5
333 a>60
a>60

334 Dc
:
Dc GB150-98

Dc
335

Q GB150-98 7-12

Q GB150-98 7-14



336 GB150-98
GB150-98


GB150-98
=

=
K f GB150-98 74
75
337

338

0.8
m0.8[]t
GB150-98
339 GB150-98

2 89mm
3
253.5323.5383.5454575655766896mm
1mm
P2.5Mpa
340

1
2
3
4

1
2

1 b540Mpa.
2 n38mm
3 1.5n
341 d/D


1 K=3
2 K=2.5

a/b

d/D

d/D
d/D
342

1 Di1500mm d d520mm;
Di>1500mm d d1000mm;
2 d
3 d Di
343
A=d+2(m-C)(1-fr)

A=0.5dp
344
A=0.5[d+2(m-C)(1-fr)]
345

0.8
Ap---
A---
P---
[]

d/2 D-
346

1 B=2d
2 B=d+2n+2nt

h1= h1=
h2= h2=

A1

A1=(B-d)(e-)-2(nt-C)( e-)(1-fr)
A2
A2=2h1(nt-t-C)fr+2h2(nt-C-C2)fr
A3
A4
347
1
2
3
4
348

1
2

3
4 100%

349

1 76mm
2
3
350

351 GB150-98

3 GB150-98 9-1hI
(J)k,

15mm, P2Mpa
370
352

Mpa, y
y


m
m m


,
y .

4y y,
>4y,

353
N

bo

bo6.4mm b=bo
bo>6.4mm b=2.53
354
1
FG=3.14DGby
2
Fp=2DGbmPc
355
d>1/2Di d1/2Di
d>1/2Di

356

PN2.5Mpa

357
1
9-1cgH1.5[]tf 2.5[]nt
9-1g
H1.5[]tf 1.5[]nt
9-1c
H1.5[]tf
2.
T[]tf
3 : r[]tf
4
[]tf
5
0.8
358

359
A L 0.207

A0.2L

A0.2L
A0.5Rm()

360

1
2
3

4
5

1
2

3
4

1
2

1
1-2+3K[]t
-2+3K[]t
2
2+3K[]er
1+2+3K[]er
[]er
[]er =min(B,[]t)
361
362
GBJ9-87 v0

=
: ,,
=1.25kg/m3( 1 ,10) v0

10m 10
30
363

364

365 GB150-98 B

1
1

2
3

366
1


2
1 .1
1.1~1.7

367

1
2
3
4
368

1
2
3

4
5
369
100% T 100%

370
1 JB4708
V C2.1

2
C3

3 JB7408

371

-20
50Mpa
50-20,

372
1 t375;
t500
2 1mm

3
550 FN2NS111 B-315 Incoloy800825
373

1
z=
2
c=
3
1=
4
2=
5
3=
6
4=
7
5=
8
p=2+3
d=4+5
R=0.7p+d
9
a.) c21z []t;
b.) p1.5st
c.) R2st
374 R>2st

1
N=
2

[N]=
nf15
375

376

3-77 ?

3-78 ?

<28
2845
>45120
>120

3-79 ?

3-80 ?
1
2
3
3-81
?
3mm

3-82()???

27J(
)
C()

70
3-83 ?
1
GBl50---98 E3.4 E4.4
2 GBl50--98 E54 (3 )
6
70% 1
3-84 ?

1 s
a)07MnCrMoVR 32mm( 100
38mm)
b)16MnR 16Mn 30mm( 100 34mm)
c)15MnVR 15MnV 28mm( 100
32mm)
d)
15MnVNR 18MnMoNbR 13MnNiMoNbR 15CrMoR14CrlMoR12Cr2
MolR 20MnMo20MnMoNb15CrMo12CrlMoV12Cr2Mol 1Cr5Mo
e) s

2 n
16MnR n Di 3
n Di 25
3

4
5
3-85

1500mm,

386 ?
BCD A

2
6

3--87 ?

388 GB15098 A B
?
a) s>30mm 16MnR
b) s>25mm 15MnVR15MnV20MnMo
c) b>540MPa
d) s>16mm 12CrMo15CrMoR15CrMo Cr-Mo

e)
f)
g) 100
h) A
i) A
J)
(a)
(b)
(c)15
(d)
(e) 250mm
389
?

1GBl50 GBl5l
2
3 5MPa
4
5 06MPa
6
7 10 ()
8
9
10
1
2
(3) 16MPa
3-90 ?

a) 10821 c)d) C D

b) >540MPa C

c)
d)
e) >540MPa Cr-Mo

f) 10821 250mm

391
1 38mm

540MPa 20mm

2 38mm

84 20%
3T
100%
4
5
3-92 ?
JB4730-94 A B
A B
JB4730-94 A B
I A B
3-93 ?

10 250mm

3-94 ?
1 1000mm
500mm~ 1000mm
300mm~ 500mm
2 400mm 400X300mm
l00mm 75X50mm
3()

4
50mm

6
3-95
?

2
3
3-96
??
25MPa

25MPa
3-97 ?

3-98 ??

3-99 ?
1
a
b X- 40~60mm
9MoV 400mm
c
d
e
f
2
a

b
c
3-100 ?

3-101 ?
,

3-102
86

3-103 ?

<1)
(2)
(3)

GBl233798 15 3

GBT17261
3-104 ?
(1) 30mm 20 16MnR
(2) 25rmn 15MnVR 15MnVNR
(3) 20mm 16MnDR 09Mn2VDR
(4)
(5)

3-105 ?
?

GBT5117T5118GBT984
GB
T3965

JBI4709--92 23
3-106 ??
(1)
(2)V
(3)

3-107 ?

3-108 ?

(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
(6) a
(7)
(8)
3-109 ?
?

3-110
32mm, b>540MPa
38mm

3-111 ?
100

a s 30mm 16MnR
b s 25mm 15MnVR 15MnVNR
c b>540MPa ;
d
e
f 100
3-112 ?
36
3-113 ?
GBl233798
8101
8102
2 15
4 150mm

8103 04~05MPa

8104
81041
81042 381


a
b16MnR 15MnVB
5()
15

81044
a

b 50 15min

c 90 15rain

d 30min

810-45
a

1/3
2/3
24h

b.
Db/1000(Db ) 2mm

3-114 ?
(p)
10Mpa P MPa
3-115 GBl50--98 ?
?

PcMPa
Dimm

[]tMpa
[]t
[]t= []tii+ []t00
imm
0
n
[]t0
[]tiMPa

i
0
Pc04[]t D0Di15(Do
Di)
3-116 ?

3117

c.
3--118

3-119 ?

a
b
c

d.

3-120 ?

1
2
3

3-121 ?

( 1 )

GBl50 ()
1
1

JB4732
GBl50

3-122 ??
(D)(Di) K=DoDi12
K>1.2

K K=15
23
38
GBl50
K15
Pc04[]t
3-123 ?

3-124 ?
60?

()

()

1cosa a
60 lcosa>1 a

60
a>60

a 60
3-125 ?
()

()

()

()
a
b
ab<2
ab=2
a/b>2 ab

a/b=2
()

3-126 ?
(1)

(2)

25 (R8)
5
3-127 ?

3-128 ??
D 001<
D<02

3-129 ?
?

a
b

(R)2
(R)

3--130 ?

3-131 ??

3-132 ??
()

3-133 ?
?

E E

3-134 ??


13

3-135 ?

3-136 ?

Fa Wa
Fp Wp Wa=Wp
3-137 ?

Db Db
3-138 ?

H15[]tf
R2[]tf-H
T2[]tf-H

3-139 ?


(
6-5-5)
3-140 ?

( 6-5-5)
3-141 ?

?
3-142 GBI50 A 3
100mm ?

3-143 GBl50 13
?

3-144 GBl50
?
GBl50

()
()(1.5[]f)
f 1

3-145 ?


1.5[]ft
1.5[]ft
0.5[]ft 2[]ft
4

1.5[]ft
1 1
100
3-146 GB3531 GB6654 16MnDR 16MnR
?

a16MnDR SP 16MnR
b.16MnDR 40 16MnR --20
c16MnDR (V ) 24J 16MnR
24J16MnDR
27J
d. 16MnDR 20mm 20mm
,16MnR
3-147 ?

3-148
( 16Mn)?

b( 16Mn)

3-149 ?

CrNiMo Cu

Nb(
T1) C004
3-150 ??
Ac3

045

MoTlV A1
CNiMn
3-151 GBl50
?
GBl50 20
20
20

3-152 ?

()

a 3

b 14

3-153 ?

(9Ni )

3-154 ??


540MPa Cr-Mo
1
05mm
lOOmm 10
3-155 ??

b>540Mpa Cr-Mo
24

3-156 ??
300

S P
Fe

3-157 ?

200 16


3-158 ?

150mm
3-159 ?

T
? T

3-160 ?
?AC1

3-161 ?

b
c
d
e
f
3-162 ?

3-163 ??

3-164 ?

Ak V AKV
(
) ak

3-165 ?

()()
()
GBl50

41 GB151 ?
GDl51891U
2
DN2000mm
PN35MPa
(mm)(MPa) 104
GBl511999 DN2600mm(mm)
(MPa) 1.75X104
4-2 GB151-89 ???
GBl51-1999 ?
GBl5l-89 I II
I

GB1511999

4-3 ?

U
()

A
B
C

4-4?
s Pt

Pd=Ps-Pt
Pd=max(Ps,Pt)
-5 GB151-89
GB151-1999
GBl51-89

GBl5l1999 4323
46 ?
1 2.

4-7 ?
1
2a.4Mpa;b.300. C.

3a.B.
C. 14mm

4-8 ?
1
2
3
4
4-9 ?


Se=S-(Y+Y)
Se mm
S mm
YY=K C2
YY=K C2
Kmm
C2mm
K-mm
C2mm
4-10 ?

c=
cmm
mm
[]1MPa
[]2MPa
4-11 U ?

1
2
3
4
U
4-12 ?
c
1 q ()

4-13 ?

4-14 ?
1 3m/S

2 1 2

a2>2330kgms2
b2>740kgms2

kgm3m/s
4-15 ?
4-t4

4-16
?
~
50mm.
4-17
?

a 1/3,

b
d200mm 50mm
d>200mm lOOmm

4-18 ?

(
)
4-19 ?

(1)

(2)

(3)

90 15mm
4-20 ?
, 1/5, 50mm
GB151

4-21 ?

(1) 6mm

(2)
(3)

(4)

4-22 ?

4-23 ?

4-24

4-25 ?

(1)
(2)
5mm
(3)

4-26
?

1/3

4-27 ?

(1)
(2)
(3)
4-28 ?
U U

(1)
(2)

(1)

(2)
3
4-29

4-30 ?
GBl50 4
20

CBl51--1999 A
431 ??
()

4-32 ??

a 60mm.
b.
c
GBl50
4-33 ??

35MlPa
4MPb300

4-34GB151 ?

U

4-35 ()
??

4-36 ()
?

4-37 ()
??

4-38 ()
?

4-39 ()
?


4-40
?
(
)
4-41
( U )?

()
.,,
,

5-1
?

1()
2
3()

52 ?

5-3 ?

D
A
C SAD

5-4 ?

()

()
1
2

4
5
6
()
1

3
4
5
()
1

2
3
4
5
()
1
2
3
4
5-5 GBl9000
?
CDl9000

()
()
()
()
5-64 ?

()
()
()
()
5-7 ?

()

()

()

()

58
?

, ()
()
1
2.
3..

4
()

()
5-9 ?

20

5-10 ?


1
2
3
4

()

5-11


Al

A2

A3

A4

C1

C2

C3

D1

D2

SAD


61


GB150
(5-1)

10



1

() GBl50
( 1985 6 )
GB-150

6-2
1
(ab=2) P
1

r==Pa/
a-
b-
-
=Pa/


P ()()

ab a/b>26
a
b<21414 ab=1

2
(
)
( 2)
Q( 2)

()


M( 2) Q
Q

Q M

Q M
GB 150ASMEJIS

3
ab ab
ab>25 P
P
( 3)
Di<Di
Q

6
1<ab12 P
P
Di>Di( 4)
Q

Q

Q
M M

1.2<ab2.5 P
P
DiDi ( 5)
(
Di DiDi
P
)
Q M
Q
M=0

(ab=2)


ab

ab Q M

ab
K 6
K() ab
K=
ab( ) K GBl50---98 7-1 K=1
4
K
K
2 K
=
GBl50ASMEJIS
GBl50ASMEJIS
1 []


3[]
1 []
( 1 []
)
5

015
030
6

+
+ 13


Ro=09DoDo--09---
ab K GBl50--98 7-2
7

( )
GB15-=98
(82)

()

M
M ()

=
Ri

Ri r Rir>10 M

13

6-3
1
P

()()
Q( 1) Q

M( 1)

Q M


3[]
Q M


+(3[])
11[]




2
P

()
==
P
R
E

Q
M
M=0
Q Q
(2)
Q=
P
k k=
R
Q
Q
()
Q (
) x 1293PR/2 PR/=[]
x=1.239/2XPR/=0.647[] x 0647
3[] x

Q
( 1 A )


Q
=1032PR/ PR/=[] =1.032[].
0032 +
3 []
()[]
<3[]

Q
Q

1 []
Q
Q=P/41.7k Q Q=P/8k 1/5
1/5
() Q
M

(<3[])

GB150 Jl
3
P

==
b
ab=2
=
Q
M=0 Q
Q=P/2k, Q=P/8k 4
Q
Q ()
Q

x=2.172 [] x=1086[]
0086 + 3[]


Q =1.128 ,

1128[] 3[]


()

(
)


(
05 [])
1086 [] ([]
3[],


1
3[]

([])


4
K
K=4

4 4
Q 4
4

2.172/1.293=1.68
1.128/1.032=1.09
()
1032 ()
1128 3[]

1 []

6-2

()
P1P2 ( 2)
T2
N2 P2 N2
P2

a
3 []

3C[]

T1
NI Pl
Nl Pl

1[] (
1[])

a
11[]

GBl50 Q

()
2

1414
()

6-4
6-4-1

GBl50
()
GB 150
<2

83

a
b
c()

GBl50 841

a(GBl50)
b(JB4732)


GBl5082
b()
JB4732
1031


A
[])t A[])t

(d nt )
(
)
CBl50 85

CBl50 88

6-4-2
()


o do d

Zo=
()
Z/Zo= =1-d/do(1+/o)2
Ao=do
A(dd)
k
k=A/Ao=(do-d)/do
Z/Zo=1 1-d/do(1+/o)2=1
23 k d/do
k2-2(1-do)k+(1-do/d)=0

k=(1dod)(1dod)2(1dod)
k
k=(1Jod)+(1dod)2(1dod)
A Ao k do d
dod dod A

dod 15 2 4 6 8 10

A 0366 0414 0464 0477 0483 0487

2 do 2ddo
d=2 k=0414
0414 05

d0.5 Di (Di )
d>O5Di
()
86

6-4-3 ?

852 05

6-4-4 ?


<3

2S

6-4-5 ?
AD
HG

(1987 1 )

2 d B=2d

B
B= D
B
B

B B
B
d
B

CBl50

6-4-6
(1)


b
()
(
)

(2)

()
()

(
)

(
)
()

(3)



()()

(4)


()

(b>540MPa) CrMo

( )
()


(
)
6-5
6-5-1

1()

1
()

6-5-2


()

()

6-5-3

H
(1)() H
H
(2)()
H
5mm 16mm 48mm 30mm

6-5-4
H
H () H
H f f>1 116
H
h H H

h
H
H
200mm() 125mm

6-5-5
HRT
( 1h)
H T R
f
HR H T

H l
h f=1
R f


19872
6-5-6

6-5-7

6-6
6-6-1

a1~4
b5~6
d
(A)

6-62
A
A

A<05Rm,,
A 025L 02L
A<05Rm
A

3000mm() 18780mm
626 A A=3600mmA
L=0192A=3040mmAL=0162

(1)

A M1
M2 A=02L M1 M2

A<0.5Rm
M2
A>05Rm


M2

A4<0 5Rm

(2)
( A<05Rm)
A

( A>05Rm)

(3)

GB150
(8-19)(8-22)

(819)(822) K6


A 05Rm~Rm A
A<05Rm A>Rm A A>Rm
A<05Rm
A<05Rm
578 A

A<05Rm

(1)

(2)
(3)(A>05Rm)A

6-6-3


b2=b+156


(b+156 )

T ( L )( )

6-6-4
( JBT471292)(A )(B ), (DN<900mm)


(1)

(2)
()
a b2,
b +12 ( )

(3)

{4}
120 120
150
150
150 120(
120 10)
150
120 40

150 120

M2(314K1 )
0665

A>05Rm

M2314K2 )
0688

H
0736

AC5Rm


0551

0682 A>05Rm

5
0885

6()
0599

d()
0580


0599


0887


0611


0808

5
0885

6()
0599

6-6-5
(
)
a
b
c()

27 3~6

a
b
c()

6-7
6-7-1



TEMA BS AD
[2]

[3][4]

GB 151 1980

JB4732

6-7-2
( Pt Ps)
a Pt
6-1 (
)
Pt

Pt ()
Pt D2iPt/4Di
Pt

Pt
a
a( 61 )
Pt ()
Pt

ab ab 61
Pt
( 61)
a a a a

Vt( 6-2)(
) Vt
a1
Vt 2 Vt

3l( 6-1)1 2 3
1,2,3

6-1

Mt 62
Vt Mt
Vt Mt
( 6-2)
Vt Mt
Pt
( 6-2 )
()

AD

[1]

CBl51

TEMA BS

b Ps
63 Ps
Pt
Ps
a a( 63 )
Ps Ps
(
a a( 63 )
a

a aa a
Vs(
64)() Vs
a
l Vs
2 Vs 3
6-3 1,2,3

Ps Pt

Vs Vt

D()( P )
S S D AD
() D

1 2 3=
1,2,3
Pt
Ms
Vs Ms
6-4
Pt

Ps 6-4

Pt

c.
6-5 tt
ts, tt>ts.
t
a,b a,bs a
a tt>ts t>s
a a
V
V
a1
2
3.
1 2 3= 6-5
1,2,3

V
M 6-6
V M

d
6-7

( 6-7 )
(=Di) MM
VM
VM MM 68

e.
PtPs

ad V M

Pt Ps () 62 6-4
Vt Vs Mt Ms

Pt Ps Pt Ps

Pt Pt
( 6-2 6-6) V M


pt ( pt ) 6-2 6-8

Ps ( 6-4 6-6) Ps
(VM)

Ps ( Ps ) 6-4 6-8

(Pt,Ps)

19966
19971
6-7-3

a (PtPs)

15[]t[]t
b.

3[]t
c

19991
6-7-4
(PtPs)
V M

t
[]t
3

V M

b
3
3
3

( )
12 3

( )
6-7-5
U
U


()
()
(
)


()