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Primary Framing Primary Framing Systems Systems VP University

Primary Framing

Primary

Framing Systems

Systems

Primary Framing Primary Framing Systems Systems VP University

VP University

Primary Primary Frames Frames Clear Span (Rigid) Modular (Continuous) VP University

Primary

Primary

Frames

Frames

Clear Span (Rigid)
Clear Span
(Rigid)

Modular

(Continuous)

VP University

Primary Primary Frames Frames

Primary

Primary Frames

Frames

Primary Primary Frames Frames
Primary Primary Frames Frames • Carry loads to to the foundation • Manufactured from 50 50

Primary

Primary

Frames

Frames

Carry

Carry loads

loads toto the

the foundation

foundation

Manufactured

Manufactured from

from 5050 ksi

ksi

steel

steel

Shop

Shop Coat

Coat isis 11 mil

mil thick

thick and

and

bronze inin color

bronze

color

Spans

Spans and

and Eave

Eave Heights

Heights inin

increments of

increments

of 1/16”

1/16”

VP University

Pre-punched Pre-punched Holes Holes • VP VP primary frames have pre-punched holes pre-punched holes for for

Pre-punched

Pre-punched

Holes

Holes

VPVP primary

primary frames

frames have

have

pre-punched holes

pre-punched

holes for

for purlin

purlin

connections

connections

Pre-punched Pre-punched Holes Holes • VP VP primary frames have pre-punched holes pre-punched holes for for

VP University

Typical Connections HAUNCH TO COLUMN RAFTER BEAM SPLICE VP University

Typical

Connections

Typical Connections HAUNCH TO COLUMN RAFTER BEAM SPLICE VP University

HAUNCH TO COLUMN

Typical Connections HAUNCH TO COLUMN RAFTER BEAM SPLICE VP University

RAFTER BEAM SPLICE

VP University

Typical Connections Typical Connections Top Bolted Face Bolted Vertical Bolting Plate

Typical Connections

Typical

Connections

Typical Connections Typical Connections Top Bolted Face Bolted Vertical Bolting Plate
Typical Connections Typical Connections Top Bolted Face Bolted Vertical Bolting Plate
Typical Connections Typical Connections Top Bolted Face Bolted Vertical Bolting Plate

Top Bolted

Face Bolted

Vertical Bolting Plate

Factory Welded Factory Welded Clips Clips Girt Clip VP University

Factory Welded

Factory

Welded

Clips

Clips

Factory Welded Factory Welded Clips Clips Girt Clip VP University

Girt Clip

VP University

Primary Primary Frames Frames T T wo Systems Solid Web Open Web VP University

Primary

Primary Frames

Frames

TTwo

wo Systems

Systems

Solid Web
Solid Web
Open Web
Open Web

VP University

Primary Primary Frames Frames && Features Benefits Benefits • What What roof roof pitches pitches are

Primary

Primary Frames

Frames

Features &&

Features

Benefits

Benefits

What

What roof

roof pitches

pitches are

are

available for

available

for Primary

Primary Frames?

Frames?

Usually

Usually 1/4:12

1/4:12 toto 4:12,

4:12, steeper

steeper

pitches available

pitches

available ifif needed

needed

How

How high

high can

can the

the eave

eave height

height

be?

be?

AsAs required

required byby the

the end

end user

user

VP University

Exterior Column

Exterior

Column

Exterior Column Exterior Column Tapered Variations Variations Straight Straight Tapered Tapered Straight VP University Reverse Tapered
Exterior Column Exterior Column Tapered Variations Variations Straight Straight Tapered Tapered Straight VP University Reverse Tapered

Tapered

Variations

Variations

Exterior Column Exterior Column Tapered Variations Variations Straight Straight Tapered Tapered Straight VP University Reverse Tapered
Exterior Column Exterior Column Tapered Variations Variations Straight Straight Tapered Tapered Straight VP University Reverse Tapered

Straight

Straight

Tapered

Tapered
Tapered

Straight

VP University

Exterior Column Exterior Column Tapered Variations Variations Straight Straight Tapered Tapered Straight VP University Reverse Tapered

Reverse

Tapered

Straight then Straight then Tapered Tapered

Straight then

Straight

then Tapered

Tapered

Straight then Straight then Tapered Tapered
Column Tapered- Column Tapered- Straight Straight

Column Tapered-

Column

Tapered-

Straight

Straight

Column Tapered- Column Tapered- Straight Straight

Reversed

Reversed Taper

Taper

Reversed Reversed Taper Taper Exterior Column Exterior Column

Exterior Column

Exterior

Column

Reversed Reversed Taper Taper Exterior Column Exterior Column
Exposed Framing Exposed Framing

Exposed Framing

Exposed

Framing

Exposed Framing Exposed Framing
Straight Column Straight Column && Benefits Features Inset Girts Columns can be hidden within a finished

Straight Column

Straight

Column

Features && Benefits

Features

Benefits

Inset Girts
Inset Girts

Columns can be hidden

within a finished wall

VP University

Interior Column Interior Column Options Options 3-Plate Built-up Tube (Square or Rectangular) Pipe VP University

Interior Column

Interior

Column

Options

Options

Interior Column Interior Column Options Options 3-Plate Built-up Tube (Square or Rectangular) Pipe VP University

3-Plate

Built-up

Interior Column Interior Column Options Options 3-Plate Built-up Tube (Square or Rectangular) Pipe VP University

Tube

(Square or Rectangular)

Interior Column Interior Column Options Options 3-Plate Built-up Tube (Square or Rectangular) Pipe VP University

Pipe

VP University

Interior Columns Interior Columns

Interior Columns

Interior

Columns

Interior Columns Interior Columns
Primary Primary Frames Frames Rigid Rigid Frame Frame VP University

Primary

Primary

Frames

Frames

Rigid

Rigid Frame

Frame

VP University

Rigid

Rigid

Frames Frames
Frames
Frames

Rigid Frame

Rigid Rigid Frames Frames Rigid Frame VP University
Rigid Rigid Frames Frames Rigid Frame VP University

VP University

Rigid Rigid Frame Frame Cross Cross Section Section When a “CLEAR SPAN” is required VP University

Rigid

Rigid Frame

Frame Cross

Cross

Section

Section

Rigid Rigid Frame Frame Cross Cross Section Section When a “CLEAR SPAN” is required VP University

When a “CLEAR SPAN” is required

VP University

RFRF with anan Offset Ridge Ridge VP University

RFRF with

with anan Offset

Offset

Ridge

Ridge

RFRF with anan Offset Ridge Ridge VP University

VP University

RFRF Single Slope VP University

RFRF Single

Single Slope

Slope

RFRF Single Slope VP University

VP University

Loads to the

Loads to the Foundation LOAD LOAD Forces VP University

Foundation

LOAD
LOAD
Loads to the Foundation LOAD LOAD Forces VP University

LOAD

Forces

Loads to the Foundation LOAD LOAD Forces VP University

VP University

Rigid Rigid Frames Frames && Benefits Features • Why Why or or when when should should

Rigid

Rigid Frames

Frames

Features && Benefits

Features

Benefits

Why

Why or

or when

when should

should this

this type

type of

of

frame bebe used?

frame

used?

When

When CLEAR

CLEAR SPANS

SPANS are

are required

required

How wide

How

wide can

can aa Rigid

Rigid Frame

Frame be?

be?

VPVP has

has done

done them

them upup toto 300’

300

wide

wide

VP University

RFRF (Steelers-Pitt)

RFRF (Steelers-Pitt)

(Steelers-Pitt)

RFRF (Steelers-Pitt)
Primary Primary Frames Frames Continuous Continuous Beam Beam VP University

Primary

Primary

Frames

Frames

Continuous

Continuous

Beam

Beam

VP University

Continuous Continuous Beam Beam Frames Frames
Continuous
Continuous Beam
Beam
Frames
Frames
Continuous Continuous Beam Beam Frames Frames Continuous Beam Frame (CB-1) VP University
Continuous Continuous Beam Beam Frames Frames Continuous Beam Frame (CB-1) VP University

Continuous Beam Frame (CB-1)

VP University

Continuous Continuous Beam Beam Frame Frame

Continuous

Continuous Beam

Beam

Frame

Frame

Continuous Continuous Beam Beam Frame Frame
Continuous Continuous Beam Beam Frames Frames CB-2 CB-1 CB-3 VP University

Continuous

Continuous Beam

Beam

Frames Frames CB-2 CB-1
Frames
Frames
CB-2
CB-1

CB-3

VP University

CBCB Frame w/ Offset Ridge VP University

CBCB Frame

Frame w/

w/ Offset

Offset Ridge

Ridge

CBCB Frame w/ Offset Ridge VP University

VP University

CBCB Frame with Unequal Unequal Modules Modules VP University

CBCB Frame

Frame with

with

Unequal Unequal Modules Modules
Unequal
Unequal Modules
Modules
CBCB Frame with Unequal Unequal Modules Modules VP University

VP University

CB Frame Options -

CB Frame Options - Single Slope VP University

Single Slope

CB Frame Options - Single Slope VP University

VP University

Continuous Continuous Beam Beam Frames Frames && Benefits Features • When When should should this this

Continuous

Continuous Beam

Beam

Frames

Frames

Features && Benefits

Features

Benefits

When

When should

should this

this type

type of

of frame

frame

bebe used?

used?

Wide

Wide Span

Span Buildings

Buildings

What

What does

does adding

adding interior

interior

columns dodo toto the

columns

the rafter?

rafter?

Makes

Makes itit lighter

lighter

VP University

Continuous Continuous Beam Beam Frames Frames && Benefits Features • How How does does this this

Continuous

Continuous Beam

Beam

Frames

Frames

Features && Benefits

Features

Benefits

How

How does

does this

this affect

affect the

the price

price

of the

of

the rafter?

rafter?

The

The price

price decreases

decreases

How

How wide

wide can

can aa CBCB frame

frame be?

be?

VPVP has

has done

done them

them over

over 800’

800

wide

wide

VP University

InIn Place Cost Considerations VP University

InIn Place

Place Cost

Cost Considerations

Considerations

InIn Place Cost Considerations VP University

VP University

Primary Primary Frames Frames Unibeam Unibeam Frames Frames VP University

Primary

Primary Frames

Frames

Unibeam

Unibeam

Frames

Frames

VP University

Unibeam Unibeam Frames Frames Unibeam VP University

Unibeam

Unibeam

Frames

Frames

Unibeam Unibeam Frames Frames Unibeam VP University

Unibeam

VP University

Unibeam Features && Benefits Benefits TYPICAL RIGID FRAME VP University

Unibeam

Unibeam Features

Features &&

Benefits

Benefits

TYPICAL RIGID FRAME
TYPICAL RIGID FRAME

VP University

Unibeam Features &

Unibeam Features & Benefits Ceiling Line More vertical clearance at sidewalls VP University

Benefits

Ceiling Line More vertical clearance at sidewalls
Ceiling Line
More vertical clearance
at sidewalls

VP University

Unibeam Features && Benefits Benefits Ceiling Line Straight Columns Vs. Tapered VP University

Unibeam

Unibeam Features

Features &&

Benefits

Benefits

Ceiling Line Straight Columns Vs. Tapered
Ceiling Line
Straight Columns
Vs. Tapered

VP University

Truss Frames Truss Frames (CT-2) Continuous Trusses ( CT-1 ) Truss Beam VP University

Truss Frames

Truss

Frames

(CT-2)
(CT-2)

Continuous

Trusses

Truss Frames Truss Frames (CT-2) Continuous Trusses ( CT-1 ) Truss Beam VP University

(CT-1)

Truss Beam

VP University

Rigid Rigid Frame Frame Truss Truss

Rigid

Rigid Frame

Frame Truss

Truss

Rigid Rigid Frame Frame Truss Truss
Rigid Rigid Frame Frame Truss Truss
Rigid Rigid Frame Frame Truss Truss
     
Rigid Rigid Frame Frame Truss Truss
Rigid Rigid Frame Frame Truss Truss
Rigid Rigid Frame Frame Truss Truss
Rigid Rigid Frame Frame Truss Truss
Rigid Rigid Frame Frame Truss Truss

Rigid

Rigid Frame

Frame Truss

Truss

Rigid Rigid Frame Frame Truss Truss
Truss Beam Truss Beam •Straight Columns •Flat Bottom VP University

Truss Beam

Truss

Beam

•Straight Columns •Flat Bottom
•Straight Columns
•Flat Bottom

VP University

Continuous Continuous Truss Truss VP University

Continuous

Continuous Truss

Truss

Continuous Continuous Truss Truss VP University
Continuous Continuous Truss Truss VP University
Continuous Continuous Truss Truss VP University
     
Continuous Continuous Truss Truss VP University
Continuous Continuous Truss Truss VP University

VP University

Piping and wiring can be run through an open web frame ... ... It doesn’t have
Piping and wiring can be run through an open web frame ... ... It doesn’t have
Piping and wiring can be run
through an open web frame ...
...
It doesn’t have to go under
the frame.
VP University
Open Web Open Web Considerations Considerations • Manufacturing Manufacturing availability varies availability varies by by Service

Open Web

Open

Web

Considerations

Considerations

Open Web Open Web Considerations Considerations • Manufacturing Manufacturing availability varies availability varies by by Service

Manufacturing

Manufacturing

availability varies

availability

varies

byby Service

Service Center

Center

Alabama,

Alabama, California,

California,

and Wisconsin

and

Wisconsin

Lateral Bracing

Lateral

bottom

Bracing toto

bottom cord

cord

Economical

Economical for

for

large

large span

span and

and

large interior

large

interior grids

grids

VP University

Sample Project Sample Project 180 180 xx 350 350 xx 2020 2000 2000 IBC IBC 2020

Sample Project

Sample

Project

180 180 xx 350 350 xx 2020 2000 2000 IBC IBC 2020 LLLL 9090 mph mph
180
180 xx 350
350 xx 2020
2000
2000 IBC
IBC
2020
LLLL
9090
mph
mph Wind
Wind
5050
ft.
ft. bays
bays
Frame Comparisons Frame Comparisons

Frame Comparisons

Frame

Comparisons

Primary Primary Frames Frames Lean-to Lean-to Frames Frames VP University

Primary

Primary Frames

Frames

Lean-to

Lean-to

Frames

Frames

VP University

Lean- Lean-ToTo Frames Frames At Eave Lean-to Below Eave Lean-to VP University
  • Lean- Lean-ToTo Frames

Frames

At Eave Lean-to Below Eave Lean-to
At Eave
Lean-to
Below Eave
Lean-to

VP University

Endwall Endwall Lean- Lean- ToTo End wall Lean-to VP University
Endwall
Endwall Lean-
Lean-
ToTo
End wall
Lean-to
VP University
Below Below Eave Eave Height Height Lean- Lean-ToTo •Can add interior columns if needed. VP University

Below

Below Eave

Eave

Height

Height Lean-

Lean-ToTo

•Can add interior columns if needed.

Below Below Eave Eave Height Height Lean- Lean-ToTo •Can add interior columns if needed. VP University

VP University

CBCB Lean-to Mainly large Below eave Height span lean-to’s or at eave Lean-to’s VP University

CBCB Lean-to

Lean-to

Mainly large Below eave Height span lean-to’s or at eave Lean-to’s
Mainly large
Below eave Height
span lean-to’s
or at eave Lean-to’s

VP University

CTCT Lean-

Lean-

CTCT Lean- toto VP University

toto

CTCT Lean- toto VP University
CTCT Lean- toto VP University

VP University

Lean-ToTo Lean-

Lean-ToTo

Lean-

Lean-ToTo Lean-
Primary Primary Frames Frames Endwall Endwall Framing Framing VP University

Primary

Primary

Frames

Frames

Endwall

Endwall

Framing

Framing

VP University

End End Frames Frames End Frames
End
End Frames
Frames
End Frames

VP University

&& Beam Post End Frames Frames VP University

Post && Beam

Post

Beam End

End

Frames

Frames

&& Beam Post End Frames Frames VP University

VP University

Components Components “P&B” Rake Beam Endposts Corner Posts VP University

Components

Components

“P&B” Rake Beam Endposts
“P&B”
Rake Beam
Endposts
Components Components “P&B” Rake Beam Endposts Corner Posts VP University

Corner Posts

Components Components “P&B” Rake Beam Endposts Corner Posts VP University

VP University

Typical Endpost Typical Endpost Spacing Spacing 18'-6" 20' 23' 20' 18'-6" 100' VP University

Typical Endpost

Typical

Endpost

Spacing

Spacing

Typical Endpost Typical Endpost Spacing Spacing 18'-6" 20' 23' 20' 18'-6" 100' VP University
18'-6" 20' 23' 20' 18'-6"

18'-6"

18'-6" 20' 23' 20' 18'-6"
 

20'

18'-6" 20' 23' 20' 18'-6"
 

23'

18'-6" 20' 23' 20' 18'-6"
 

20'

18'-6" 20' 23' 20' 18'-6"
 

18'-6"

18'-6" 20' 23' 20' 18'-6"
100'

100'

100'
   

VP University

1’6”

C L

1’6” 5’0” 5’0”
1’6”
5’0”
5’0”
5’0” 5’0”
5’0”
5’0”
1’6” L 1’6” 5’0” 5’0” 5’0” 5’0” Why 23’? 18'-6" 20' 23' 20' 18'-6" 100' VP
1’6” L 1’6” 5’0” 5’0” 5’0” 5’0” Why 23’? 18'-6" 20' 23' 20' 18'-6" 100' VP
1’6” L 1’6” 5’0” 5’0” 5’0” 5’0” Why 23’? 18'-6" 20' 23' 20' 18'-6" 100' VP
1’6” L 1’6” 5’0” 5’0” 5’0” 5’0” Why 23’? 18'-6" 20' 23' 20' 18'-6" 100' VP
1’6” L 1’6” 5’0” 5’0” 5’0” 5’0” Why 23’? 18'-6" 20' 23' 20' 18'-6" 100' VP
1’6” L 1’6” 5’0” 5’0” 5’0” 5’0” Why 23’? 18'-6" 20' 23' 20' 18'-6" 100' VP

Why 23’?

18'-6" 20' 23' 20' 18'-6"

18'-6"

18'-6" 20' 23' 20' 18'-6"
 

20'

18'-6" 20' 23' 20' 18'-6"
 

23'

18'-6" 20' 23' 20' 18'-6"
 

20'

18'-6" 20' 23' 20' 18'-6"
 

18'-6"

18'-6" 20' 23' 20' 18'-6"
100'

100'

100'
 

VP University

   
 
Material Material ss Back-to-Back Cee’s (Factory Welded) 3-Plate Built-Up VP University
Material Material ss Back-to-Back Cee’s (Factory Welded) 3-Plate Built-Up VP University

Material

Material

ss

Material Material ss Back-to-Back Cee’s (Factory Welded) 3-Plate Built-Up VP University

Back-to-Back Cee’s

(Factory Welded)

3-Plate Built-Up

VP University

aa Post How && Beam Frame Works Frame Works VP University

How aa Post

How

Post && Beam

Beam

Frame Works

Frame

Works

aa Post How && Beam Frame Works Frame Works VP University

VP University

aa Post How && Beam Frame Works Frame Works The Rake Beam is designed as

How aa Post

How

Post && Beam

Beam

Frame Works

Frame

Works

The Rake Beam is designed as a

CONTINUOUS BEAM spanning across

the end posts

aa Post How && Beam Frame Works Frame Works The Rake Beam is designed as

VP University

How aa Post

How

Post && Beam

Beam

Frame Frame Works Works End posts span from the floor to the rake to support wind
Frame
Frame Works
Works
End posts span from the floor to
the rake to support wind loads
VP University
aa Post How && Beam Frame Works Frame Works End posts also support the gravity

How aa Post

How

Post && Beam

Beam

Frame Works

Frame

Works

aa Post How && Beam Frame Works Frame Works End posts also support the gravity
aa Post How && Beam Frame Works Frame Works End posts also support the gravity

End posts also support the gravity loads

vertically, carrying them from the

Rake Beam to the foundation

VP University

Half Load Half Load Frames Frames with End with End Posts Posts End Posts can be

Half Load

Half

Load Frames

Frames

with End

with

End Posts

Posts

End Posts can be used
End Posts can be used

End Post

“EP”

With any frame type

VP University

Full Full Load Load Frames Frames with with End End Posts Posts End Post “EP” •
Full
Full Load
Load Frames
Frames with
with
End
End Posts
Posts
End Post
“EP”
When
When future
future
expansion
expansion isis
expected
expected
End Posts can be
used with any
frame type
VP University
Soldier Column Soldier Columns AA Soldier Soldier Column Column is used to reduce is used to

Soldier Column

Soldier Columns AA Soldier Soldier Column Column is used to reduce is used to reduce the
Soldier
Columns
AA Soldier
Soldier Column
Column is used to reduce
is used to reduce
the span of the sidewall girts when
the span of the sidewall girts when
long bays ( 30’-0” +) are required.
long bays ( 30’-0” +) are required.
VP University
Primary Primary Framing Framing Applied Design Applied Design Concepts and Concepts and Consideration Consideration ss VP

Primary

Primary

Framing

Framing

Applied Design

Applied

Design

Concepts and

Concepts

and

Consideration

Consideration

ss

VP University

Applied Design Applied Design Concepts Concepts • Moment Moment Resisting Resisting VP University

Applied Design

Applied

Design

Concepts

Concepts

Moment

Moment Resisting

Resisting

VP University

Primary Primary Frames Frames Moment Resisting Moment Resisting Frames Frames Load VP University

Primary

Primary

Frames

Frames

Moment Resisting

Moment

Resisting Frames

Frames

Load

Primary Primary Frames Frames Moment Resisting Moment Resisting Frames Frames Load VP University
Primary Primary Frames Frames Moment Resisting Moment Resisting Frames Frames Load VP University

VP University

PP && B’s Are NOT NOT Moment Moment Resisting Resisting Load VP University

PP && B’s

Bs Are

Are

NOT

NOT Moment

Moment

Resisting

Resisting

Load

PP && B’s Are NOT NOT Moment Moment Resisting Resisting Load VP University

VP University

aa Post How && Beam Frame Works Frame Works Diaphragm is the metal panel’s ability

How aa Post

How

Post && Beam

Beam

Frame Works

Frame

Works

Diaphragm is the metal panel’s

ability to resist loads within its

surface.

aa Post How && Beam Frame Works Frame Works Diaphragm is the metal panel’s ability

Post && Beam

Post

Beam

&& Beam Post Frames Frames Bracing or the diaphragm action of wall panels is required

Frames

Frames

&& Beam Post Frames Frames Bracing or the diaphragm action of wall panels is required
&& Beam Post Frames Frames Bracing or the diaphragm action of wall panels is required
&& Beam Post Frames Frames Bracing or the diaphragm action of wall panels is required
&& Beam Post Frames Frames Bracing or the diaphragm action of wall panels is required

Bracing or the diaphragm action of wall panels is required to resist wind loads from the side of the building

VP University

Applied Design Applied Design Concepts Concepts Moment Moment Resisting Resisting • Pinned Pinned and and Rigid

Applied Design

Applied

Design

Concepts

Concepts

Moment

Moment Resisting

Resisting

Pinned

Pinned and

and Rigid

Rigid

Connections

Connections

VP University

Connection Connection Types Types Rigid Connections at the haunches and rafter splices Pinned Connections at the

Connection

Connection

Types

Types

Rigid Connections at the

Connection Connection Types Types Rigid Connections at the haunches and rafter splices Pinned Connections at the

haunches and rafter splices

Connection Connection Types Types Rigid Connections at the haunches and rafter splices Pinned Connections at the
Pinned Connections at the base
Pinned Connections
at the base

VP University

Applied Design Applied Design Concepts Concepts • Moment Resisting • Pinned and Rigid Connections • Fixed

Applied Design

Applied

Design

Concepts

Concepts

Moment Resisting

Pinned and Rigid Connections

Fixed Base Columns

VP University

Fixed

Fixed Base

Base Column

Column

Fixed Fixed Base Base Column Column VP University

VP University

Fixed Fixed Base Base Column Column VP University

Fixed

Fixed Base

Base

Column

Column

Fixed Fixed Base Base Column Column VP University

VP University

Applied Design Applied Design Concepts Concepts • Moment Resisting • Pinned and Rigid Connections • Fixed

Applied Design

Applied

Design

Concepts

Concepts

Moment Resisting

Pinned and Rigid Connections

Fixed Base Columns

Deflection Considerations

VP University

Frame Frame Deflection Deflection Vertical Deflection Horizontal Deflection VP University

Frame

Frame

Deflection

Deflection

Frame Frame Deflection Deflection Vertical Deflection Horizontal Deflection VP University
Frame Frame Deflection Deflection Vertical Deflection Horizontal Deflection VP University

Vertical Deflection

Horizontal

Frame Frame Deflection Deflection Vertical Deflection Horizontal Deflection VP University

Deflection

Frame Frame Deflection Deflection Vertical Deflection Horizontal Deflection VP University
Frame Frame Deflection Deflection Vertical Deflection Horizontal Deflection VP University

VP University

Applied Design Applied Design Concepts Concepts • Moment Resisting • Pinned and Rigid Connections • Fixed

Applied Design

Applied

Design

Concepts

Concepts

Moment Resisting

Pinned and Rigid Connections

Fixed Base Columns

Deflection Considerations

Unsupported Columns and

Unsupported Rafters

VP University

Unsupported Unsupported Columns Columns and Rafters and Rafters Supported Members have Flange Braces Unsupported Members do

Unsupported

Unsupported

Columns

Columns

and Rafters

and

Rafters

Unsupported Unsupported Columns Columns and Rafters and Rafters Supported Members have Flange Braces Unsupported Members do
Unsupported Unsupported Columns Columns and Rafters and Rafters Supported Members have Flange Braces Unsupported Members do
Unsupported Unsupported Columns Columns and Rafters and Rafters Supported Members have Flange Braces Unsupported Members do
Unsupported Unsupported Columns Columns and Rafters and Rafters Supported Members have Flange Braces Unsupported Members do

Supported Members

have Flange Braces

Unsupported Unsupported Columns Columns and Rafters and Rafters Supported Members have Flange Braces Unsupported Members do
Unsupported Unsupported Columns Columns and Rafters and Rafters Supported Members have Flange Braces Unsupported Members do

Unsupported Members

do not have Flange Braces.

Unsupported Unsupported Columns Columns and Rafters and Rafters Supported Members have Flange Braces Unsupported Members do

(may or may not have girts)

VP University

Unsupported Unsupported Columns Columns and Rafters and Rafters • A A column or or rafter is

Unsupported

Unsupported

Columns

Columns

and Rafters

and

Rafters

AA column

column oror rafter

rafter isis considered

considered

unsupported when

unsupported

when itit does

does not

not

have Lateral

have

Lateral support.

support.

This

This condition

condition occurs

occurs when

when there

there

are nono flange

are

flange braces

braces attached

attached toto

the compression

the

compression (Inside)

(Inside) flange.

flange.

Unsupported

Unsupported columns

columns are

are typically

typically

more expensive

more

expensive than

than Supported.

Supported.

VP University

Flange Bracing Flange Bracing VP University

Flange Bracing

Flange

Bracing

Flange Bracing Flange Bracing VP University

VP University

Primary Framing Primary Framing Tips Tips • The more reduce the you span of a a

Primary Framing

Primary

Framing Tips

Tips

The

The more

you reduce

reduce the

more you

the span

span of

of aa

member the

member

the more

you reduce

reduce the

more you

the cost

cost

(to(to aa certain

certain point)…

point)

RF-higher

RF-higher roof

roof pitch

pitch better

better (up

(up toto 3:12)

3:12)

CB-lower

CB-lower roof

roof pitch

pitch better

better

Tapered

Tapered members

members most

most economical

economical

Span

Span frames

frames shortest

shortest distance

distance inin

building

building

Primary Framing Primary Framing Tips Tips • Gage Gage Post Post and and Beam Beam most

Primary Framing

Primary

Framing Tips

Tips

Gage

Gage Post

Post and

and Beam

Beam most

most

economical endwall

economical

endwall frame

frame

Reduce

Reduce endbay

endbay span

span ifif possible

possible

Reduce

Reduce Int.

Int. Col.

Col. Span

Span near

near sidewalls

sidewalls

DoDo Not

Not specify

specify deflection

deflection higher

higher

than

than necessary

necessary

Open

Open Web

Web frames

frames economical

economical with

with

large

large spans

spans and

and heavy

heavy loads

loads

VP University
VP University

VP University