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Township of Roxbury (1436)


Introduction
This municipal chapter is an element of the Morris County Wastewater Management Plan
prepared by the Morris County Department of Planning and Development in accordance
with N.J.A.C. 7:15.

Incorporated in 1798, Roxbury Township contains some of the oldest settlements in the
county. Original settlements include historic Succasunna, Ledgewood and Kenvil. The
Morris Canal, fed by water from Lake Hopatcong, provided transportation and stimulated
economic development in the Township. One of the earliest industrial uses was the
Hercules Powder Plant, which manufactured munitions and encompassed about 900 acres
in the eastern portion of the Township. Operations ceased in the 1980s and the property has
been vacated and is now in the process of brownfields remediation.

The Township of Roxbury is located in the western portion of Morris County and
encompasses approximately 21.9 square miles. About 25% of the Township consists of parks
and recreation areas, including Hopatcong State Park, Musconetcong State Park and
Berkshire Valley State Wildlife Management Area. While a few vacant properties remain,
the Township is largely developed with suburban residential and commercial development
outside of the historic settlements. Commercial uses are located primarily along Interstate
80, Route 10 and Route 46 where large retail shopping areas are located. The Township
zoning designations are shown on Map 4M.

The Census Bureau estimates the Township of Roxbury had a population of 23,302 in 2008.
The population has remained very steady since 2000, increasing by less than one percent
(1%).

Following are some important considerations for this municipality with respect to
wastewater management planning:

• The Township of Roxbury is considered a non-urban municipality.

• About 31% of the Township of Roxbury is located in the New Jersey Highlands
(Highlands) Preservation Area. The remaining 69% is located in the Highlands
Planning Area. This WMP only addresses the portion of the Township of Roxbury
located within the Highlands Planning Area.

In this document the following terms are used frequently:

• EDUs – Equivalent Dwelling Units building, permanent or temporary,


- a measure where one unit is used or proposed to be used as a
equivalent to wastewater effluent residence either seasonally or
from one dwelling unit. NJDEP throughout the year. Most often,
defines a dwelling unit to mean EDU is used in reference to a
any building or portion of a single family home.

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Interim Draft Wastewater Management Plan for Morris County (12/31/09)
Township of Roxbury

• gpd – gallons per day, a unit of type to estimate the minimum lot
flow measurement. size needed to provide enough
recharge to dilute nitrate to a
• GSA – General Service Area – specified target. This method is
represents the area to be served by intended to be a guide for
residential septic systems. NJDEP estimating the impact of nitrate
refers to septic systems as from septic tanks on groundwater
discharges to groundwater with a quality. The NDM uses the
design capacity of less than 2,000 minimum lot size to calculate the
gallons per day. number of EDUs possible for a
given area.
• GW – groundwater
• Non-discharge areas - areas where
• HUC11 - Hydrologic Unit Code additional wastewater generation
consisting of 11 digits – a United and/or discharge are prohibited.
States Geological Survey (USGS)
standard designation for • SSA – Sewer Service Area –
subwatersheds delineated based represents the area to be served by
on topography. a centralized treatment facility.

• HUC14 – Hydrologic Unit Code • STP – Sewage Treatment Plant


consisting of 14 digits – a USGS
standard designation for • SW – surface water
subwatersheds delineated based
on topography. • WMP – Wastewater Management
Plan
• mgd – million gallons per day, a
unit of flow measurement. • WPCF – Water Pollution Control
Facility
• NDM - Nitrate Dilution Model –
The NDM) is required by NJDEP • WPCP – Water Pollution Control
and follows the calculations Plant
methodology developed by the
New Jersey Geological Service • WWTP – Wastewater Treatment
(NJGS). The NDM uses the soils Plant

Existing Infrastructure
Existing wastewater collection and conveyance infrastructure within this municipality
consists of the following:

• Collection System – Two main systems provide sanitary sewer service in the
Township of Roxbury. The collection system and associated trunk sewers convey
flow from the northern portion of the Township to the Musconetcong STP. The

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Interim Draft Wastewater Management Plan for Morris County (12/31/09)
Township of Roxbury

collection system and associated trunk sewers convey flow from the southern
portion of the Township to the Ajax Terrace WPCP.

• Pumping Stations – There are no pumping stations in Roxbury Township.

Existing major wastewater treatment facilities located within the municipality include:

• Ajax Terrace WPCP serves the majority of the Township and is located near the
southeastern border of the Township.

• Hercules Company WPCP- This facility only serves the Hercules site. The site is
located just north and east of the intersection of Route 10 and Route 46 and south of
Interstate 80.

Tables 1a and 1b include additional minor facilities in the Township of Roxbury that are
regulated by the NJDEP and have individual New Jersey Pollutant Discharge Elimination
System (NJPDES) discharge permits. Table 1a identifies facilities that discharge to
groundwater (DGW) and Table 1b identifies facilities that discharge to surface water (DSW).

The existing treatment facilities are illustrated on Map 2M.

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Interim Draft Wastewater Management Plan for Morris County (12/31/09)
Township of Roxbury

Table 1a: Additional NJPDES (DGW) Minor Permitted Facilities within the Township of Roxbury

NJPDES Permit Receiving Contact Permitted Existing Future


Facility Discharge
Permit Program Stream or Classification Permittee Organization Block Lot Flow Flow1 Flow1
Name Category
Number Code Aquifer Name (gpd) (gpd) (gpd)

NJ0067482 Prudent GW Undifferentiated II-A Alan M. Kikia 21 20, No Data 1,125 1,125 Sanitary
Publishing glacial drift Solow Associates 20.01
Co LLC
NJ0077585 Philips GW Crystalline II-A Daniel Philips 9501 9 11,570 5,440 5,440 Sanitary
Accessories & Rocks Sheridan Accessories &
Computer Computer
Peripherals Peripherals
NJG0133311 Hopatcong
3 GW No Data No Data Richard F. NJDEP State 10802 1 26,000 No 0 Sanitary
State Park Barker Park Service Data
NJG0138550 Swim & Sport GW No Data No Data Richard SSC Holdings 5401 11 5,700 No No Sanitary
Club Inc Theimann Co Data Data
NJG0141399 McDonalds GW No Data No Data Joseph McDonalds 6601 31 - 0 0 Sanitary
Restaurant 2 Lombardi Corp
1Flow indicated is daily maximum flow
2McDonalds Restaurant connected to Ajax Terrace WPCP in 2007 and is no longer an active permit.

3 Hopatcong State Park is in the process of connecting to the MSA STP.

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Interim Draft Wastewater Management Plan for Morris County (12/31/09)
Township of Roxbury

Table 1b: Additional NJPDES (DSW) Minor Permitted Facilities within the Township of Roxbury

NJPDES Permit Receiving Contact Permitted Existing Future


Facility Discharge
Permit Program Stream or Classification Permittee Organization Block Lot Flow Flow1 Flow1
Name Category
Number Code Aquifer Name (gpd) (gpd) (gpd)

NJ0028304 Days Inn SW No Data No Data Sam Days Inn No No 40,000 No No Sanitary
Ledgewood Desai Ledgewood Data Data Data Data
NJ0028612 County No date No Data No Data No Data County 2401 9 No Data No No No Data
Concrete Concrete Data Data
Corp Corp
1Flow indicated is monthly average flow
2No additional information is available regarding this permit.

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Interim Draft Wastewater Management Plan for Morris County (12/31/09)
Township of Roxbury

Environmental and Other Land Features


County-wide environmental features are shown on maps 5A & 5B.

The Township of Roxbury has multiple access points provided by Routes 206, 46 and 10 and
by Interstate 80. Interstate 80 runs through the northern portion of the Township where it
intersects with Routes 46 and 206, creating two major interchanges. Route 46 and Route 10
also intersect in the central portion of the Township. The Township includes many parks
and open space areas including Hopatcong State Park, Musconetcong State Park and
Berkshire Valley State Wildlife Management Area. There are also many small parks and
recreational areas located in the Township including Morris Canal Park, Veterans Park and
Horseshoe Lake. Lake Musconetcong, the Musconetcong River and Lake Hopatcong form
the northwestern border of the Township. The Lamington River is located along the
southeastern border of the Township, fed by multiple tributaries and associated wetlands.
Chesler Lake, Horseshoe Lake and Marine Lake are some of the water bodies located in the
southeastern portion of the Township. Drakes Brook and its multiple associated tributaries
are located in the western portion of the Township.

Delineation of Service Areas and Planning Integration


Sewer Service Areas
Sewer service areas and related facilities located within the Township of Roxbury are
identified below. The existing areas served and future SSAs are shown on Maps 2M and 3M,
respectively. The facilities providing treatment to these service areas have an associated
facilities table in the Appendix.

• Ajax Terrace WPCP (NJPDES NJ0022675; DSW) – This SSA serves the majority of the
Township south of Interstate 80.

• Musconetcong STP (NJPDES NJ0027821; DSW) – This SSA serves the northwestern
portion of the Township.

• United Water Mid-Atlantic (Arlington Hills) STP (NJPDES NJ0065226; DGW) – This
SSA serves approximately three lots along the border between Mount Arlington and
Roxbury.

• Hercules Company WPCP (NJDPES NJ0000876; DSW) – The SSA for Hercules only
serves the former Hercules site, now under going site remediation.

The following represent smaller defined service areas within the Township of Roxbury.
These facilities do not have an associated facilities table.

• County Concrete Corp (NJPDES NJ002861; Unknown Discharge) – This small SSA
appears to serve the County Concrete Corp complex located in the eastern portion of

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Interim Draft Wastewater Management Plan for Morris County (12/31/09)
Township of Roxbury

the Township just off Railroad Ave between Routes 10 and 46. Limited data was
provided for this SSA.

• Hopatcong State Park (NJPDES NJG0133311; DGW) – This small SSA serves
Hopatcong State Park and is located in the northwestern portion of the Township
just off County Road 607 on the west bank of the southern tip of Lake Hopatcong.
Hopatcong State Park is in the process of connecting to the Musconetcong STP.

• Prudent Publishing Co. (NJPDES NJ0067482; DGW) – This small SSA serves the
Prudent Publishing Co. located in the northwestern portion of the Township just
north of Interstate 80.

• Days Inn - Ledgewood (NJPDES NJ0028304; DSW) – This small SSA serves the Days
Inn located in the northern portion of the Township on the southwestern corner of
the intersection of Route 46 and Interstate 80.

• Philips Accessories & Computer Peripherals (NJPDES NJ0077585; DGW) – This


small SSA serves the Philips Accessories & Computer Peripherals store located in
the northern portion of the Township off Route 46 just north of the intersection of
Route 46 and Interstate 80.

• Swim & Sport Club Inc. (NJPDES NJG0138550; DGW) – This small SSA serves the
Swim & Sport Club located in the southwestern portion of the Township off
Emmans Road.

General Service Area


General Service Areas (GSAs) consist of those areas with discharges to groundwater of less
than 2,000 gallons per day (i.e. residential septic systems) that are neither designated for
sewer service nor as non-discharge areas.

Coordination and Compliance with the New Jersey Highlands


Regional Master Plan
The Highlands Preservation Area encompasses 31% of the Township of Roxbury. The
remaining 69% is located in the Highlands Planning Area. As of December 7, 2009, the
Township of Roxbury has not chosen to conform to the Highlands Regional Master Plan for
the Planning Area. Therefore, the standards in the NJDEP Water Quality Management
Rules, N.J.A.C. 7:15-1 et seq., were utilized for the Township within the Planning Area.

Future Wastewater Demand and Facilities


For the purposes of evaluating capacity and future sanitary flow rates, the full build-out of
undeveloped or underdeveloped land in the Highlands Planning Area portion of the
Township was derived from the existing zoning and the development potential of land

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Interim Draft Wastewater Management Plan for Morris County (12/31/09)
Township of Roxbury

parcels within the Township. The results of the build-out analysis were compared to the
permitted treatment capacity analysis of major wastewater treatment facilities. This
analysis was not required for the minor facilities listed in Table 1a and 1b above.

Sewer Service Area Wastewater Capacity Analysis


Table 2a presents the results of the Build-out Analysis within the SSAs indicated above.

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Interim Draft Wastewater Management Plan for Morris County (12/31/09)
Township of Roxbury

Table 2a: Township of Roxbury Build-out Table (SSAs)

Total Flow
Capacity Attributed to Existing Total
Major Public Total Residential Non-
Allocation/ TWAs Septic Projected Remaining
Wastewater Existing Build-out Residential
Permitted Approved Systems Build- Capacity
Treatment Flow Flow Build-out
Capacity But Flow out Flow (mgd)
Facility (mgd) (mgd) Flow (mgd)
(mgd) Unconnected (mgd) (mgd)
(mgd)

Ajax Terrace 2.000 1.753 0.000 0.066 0.037 0.1431 1.999 0.001
WPCP
Musconetcong 0.767 0.353 0.102 0.031 0.128 0.0666 0.681 0.086
STP
Hercules 0.190 No data 0.000 0.000 0.989 0.000 0.989 -0.799
Company
WPCP

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Interim Draft Wastewater Management Plan for Morris County (12/31/09)
Township of Roxbury

Treatment Works Approvals (TWAs) approved by NJDEP for unconnected projects within
the Township of Roxbury consist of the following:

Table 2b – Treatment Works Approvals

Facility Unconnected Flow


TWA (mgd)
None Ajax Terrace WPCP 0
Total 0
Active Adult Community (Woodmont) Musconetcong STP 0.0426
Villages Musconetcong STP 0.0540
Lake Hopatcong State Park Musconetcong STP 0.0055
Total 0.102

A portion of Roxbury Township is served by the Ajax Terrace WPCP. The allocated capacity
for the Township of Roxbury from the Ajax Terrace WPCP is 2.000 mgd. Total projected
build-out flow is 1.999 mgd, leaving a surplus in capacity of 0.001 mgd. Table 2a shows the
Township of Roxbury has sufficient allocated capacity to match the expected build-out
potential within the Township for the Ajax Terrace WPCP SSA.

Another portion of Roxbury Township is served by the Musconetcong STP. The allocated
capacity for the Township of Roxbury from the Musconetcong STP is 0.767 mgd. Total
projected build-out flow is 0.681 mgd leaving a surplus in capacity of 0.086 mgd. Table 2a
shows the Township of Roxbury has sufficient allocated capacity to match the expected
build-out potential within the Township for the Musconetcong STP SSA.

The Hercules Company WPCP only serves the portion of Roxbury formerly occupied by the
Hercules Corporation. The projected buildout for this site, once remediation efforts are
complete, is anticipated to be 0.989 mgd. The permitted capacity for the plant is only 0.190
mgd, therefore there is a deficit of 0.799 mgd. Additional analysis is required to address this
issue.

Undeveloped and underdeveloped parcels are shown on Map 3M.

Flows for the additional minor facilities in the municipality are anticipated to remain the
same through at least the term of this WMP, except for Hopatcong State Park which is in the
process of connecting to the Musconetcong STP.

General Service Area Wastewater Capacity Analysis


Table 3 presents the results of the Build-out Analysis within the GSA for the portion of the
Township that is located in the Highlands Planning Area only. GSAs in the Highlands
Preservation Area were not evaluated. The GSA is shown on Map 3M.

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Interim Draft Wastewater Management Plan for Morris County (12/31/09)
Township of Roxbury

The breakdown by HUC14 subwatershed is shown below.

Table 3 – The Township of Roxbury Build-out by HUC14 (GSA)

Build-out Potential (Equivalent Dwelling Units)


Surplus/
Using Nitrate Under Municipal
HUC141 Deficit
Dilution Model Zoning
02030103030040 10.57 3.00 7.57
02030103030070 34.85 25.81 9.03
02030105010010 96.23 585.60 -489.37
02030105010020 51.77 6.00 45.77
02030105050010 50.71 290.34 -239.64
02030105050020 14.97 3.00 11.97
02040105150020 20.23 9.00 11.23
02040105150030 40.30 527.98 -487.68
1The Build-out potential within this HUC 14 is for that portion within the municipal boundary. It
does not represent the entire HUC 14 boundary within Morris County and only represents the
portion of the HUC14 within the Township of Roxbury. GSAs in the Highlands Preservation
Area were not evaluated.

For Table 3, equivalent dwelling units were calculated by adding [potential residential flow
(gpd)/350] + [potential non-residential flow (gpd)/500].

The General Service Area (i.e., septic) build-out capacity analysis for the Township of
Roxbury was based on the 2.0 mg/L statewide standard for the target concentration of
nitrate in groundwater.

Following are the results of this analysis shown in table 3 for the Township of Roxbury’s
portion of the HUC14:

• For HUC 02030103030040, 02030103030070, 02030105010020, 02030105050020 and


02040105150020 the build-out results based on existing zoning is less than the
number of potential EDUs generated by the Nitrate Dilution Model (NDM) for septic
capacity, and therefore, no change in zoning is required.

• For HUC 02030105010010, 02030105050010 and 02040105150030 the build-out results


based on existing zoning is more than the number of potential EDUs generated by
the Nitrate Dilution Model (NDM) for septic capacity, and therefore, further analysis
of these HUCs will be required.

NOTE: Where the number of EDUs generated by zoning is greater than the number of EDUs
generated by the NDM, zoning build-out and NDM will be run for the entire HUC 14 to

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Interim Draft Wastewater Management Plan for Morris County (12/31/09)
Township of Roxbury

determine if the entire HUC 14 has sufficient nitrate dilution capacity to accommodate full
zoning build-out.

Special Conditions
1. The Township of Roxbury desires to retain the permitting ability to sewer areas
containing “failing septics” or areas that are “marginally suited” for septics which
are located outside of the sewer service area.
2. There are existing package sewerage treatment plants within the Township of
Roxbury which may at a future date request a connection to the Ajax Terrace
Wastewater Treatment Plant serving the Township. The following properties may
request connection to the Ajax Terrace Wastewater Treatment Plant at a future date:
o Hercules (Block 6701 Lot 1)
o Quality Inn (Block 9603 Lot 9)
3. There are properties within the Township of Roxbury which may require the
development of a new package plant. The following properties may request a
permit to upgrade or construct a new package sewerage treatment plants at a future
date:
o Hercules (Block 6701 Lot 1)
4. The Township of Roxbury currently has an on-going and funded I & I reduction
program to reduce extraneous flows into the sanitary sewer system. In order to
reduce the extraneous flows, the replacement of existing sanitary sewer mains
within the Township may be required.
5. The Township of Roxbury Water Utility currently has a water rate structure in effect
which promotes water conservation. Educational documents are distributed/made
available for the public which describes effective ways to conserve water.
6. The Township of Roxbury would evaluate the new technologies for treatment (i.e.
phosphorous removal and disinfection) which can be incorporated into a future
expansion and/ or upgrades to the existing treatment plant.
7. As a result of the development of this wastewater management plan and the
Highland Regional Master Plan, there are properties contained within the Township
which have been removed from sewer service areas that were depicted in the prior
wastewater management plans for the municipality. These properties may request
the expansion of the sewer service area to include areas not in a sewer service area.
o Hercules (Block 6701 Lot 1)
The Township reserves its right to revise and/or supplement its chapter of
the WWMP as it pertains to the Hercules property. This parcel is over 870
acres and for over 100 years was an active munitions and dynamite
manufacturing plant with testing grounds sprawling across most of the tract.
The Hercules property qualifies as a brownfields site, and redevelopment
provides the economic backing to support its clean-up. Hercules (Ashland) is
actively working with NJDEP in this pursuit and is awaiting comment from

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Interim Draft Wastewater Management Plan for Morris County (12/31/09)
Township of Roxbury

the State on its remedial investigation. Zoning cannot be revised at this time
until the full extent of contamination is known.
The tract is located in the Highlands Planning Area and is situated adjacent
to the Mount Arlington Train Station. Highland’s staff envisions clean-up
and development of the site under the umbrella of Brownfields
redevelopment. Development may include areas beyond the land designated
as Existing Community Zone by the Highlands and the area depicted by the
NJDEP as developable as part of this Wastewater Management Plan.
Redevelopment promotes smart growth principals, transit village
opportunities and advances the goals and objectives of the State
Development and Redevelopment Plan.

o Bouquet Roxbury Associates, LLC (Block 9501 Lot 1)


o Block 6601 Lot 33 (property merged with Block 6601 Lot 23 new property is
Block 6601 Lot 33.01)
o Block 8901 Lot 2.01 (part), 5, & 6
o Block 12301 Lots 1 & 2
Properties contain NJDOT Local Government Services offices. The property
may desire connection to the United Water Mid-Atlantic (Arlington Hills)
Sewerage Authority
o Block 11001 Lot 1
o McNear Quarry Properties
Block Lots
10604 3
10604 4
9901 1
9902 1
9903 1&2
9904 1&2
9905 1
9906 1, 2, 3
9907 1
9908 1
9909 1, 2, 3
9910 1
9911 1, 3
9912 2
9913 1, 2, 3
9914 1
9915 1, 2, 3
9916 1, 2, 3
9917 1
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Interim Draft Wastewater Management Plan for Morris County (12/31/09)
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9918 1
9919 1, 2, 3, 4
10001 1
10002 1, 2, 3, 4
10003 1
10004 1, 2, 3, 4
10006 1
10007 1
10008 1, 2
10009 1, 2, 3, 4
10010 1, 2
10011 1
10012 1, 2, 3, 4
10013 1, 2
10014 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
10015 1, 2
10016 1, 2
10017 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7
10018 2, 3, 4, 5
10019 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7
10020 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 15, 16, 17
10101 23
o Block 8501 Lots 1, 2 and 6
o Block 10603 Lots 1 and 2
o Block 10604 Lots 1 and 2
o Block 9802 Lots 12, 13, and 14

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