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2008 Jason Gibson / MathTutorDVD.

com

Math Video Tutor Fractions Thru Algebra


Section 2 Fractions

Supplemental Worksheet Problems To Accompany:


Math Video Tutor DVD Fractions Thru Algebra
Section 2 Fractions
This is Worksheet 3 of 3 For Section 2 On The DVD:
Worksheet Topic: Adding and Subtracting Fractions
Please watch Section 2 of this DVD before working these problems.
The DVD is located at:
http://www.mathtutordvd.com/products/item8.cfm

Page 1

2008 Jason Gibson / MathTutorDVD.com

Math Video Tutor Fractions Thru Algebra


Section 2 Fractions

Adding and Subtracting Fractions When The Fractions Already


Have a Common Denominator.
1) Add the following fractions:

1 1
+
2 2

2) Add the following fractions:

2 1
+
3 3

3) Add the following fractions:

3 1
+
8 8

4) Add the following fractions:

2 3
+
7 7

Page 2

2008 Jason Gibson / MathTutorDVD.com

Math Video Tutor Fractions Thru Algebra


Section 2 Fractions

5) Add the following fractions:

1 2
+
6 6

6) Add the following fractions:

5 1
+
9 9

7) Add the following fractions:

1
1
1 +2
4
4

8) Add the following fractions:

2
4
3 +1
9
9

Page 3

2008 Jason Gibson / MathTutorDVD.com

Math Video Tutor Fractions Thru Algebra


Section 2 Fractions

9) Subtract the following fractions:

4 2

9 9

10) Subtract the following fractions:

5 3

6 6

11) Subtract the following fractions:

7
4

12 12

12) Subtract the following fractions:

11 1

15 15

Page 4

2008 Jason Gibson / MathTutorDVD.com

Math Video Tutor Fractions Thru Algebra


Section 2 Fractions

13) Subtract the following fractions:

7
3

16 16

14) Subtract the following fractions:

9
2
1
14 14

11
5
3
18
18

15) Subtract the following fractions:

Page 5

2008 Jason Gibson / MathTutorDVD.com

Math Video Tutor Fractions Thru Algebra


Section 2 Fractions

Adding/Subtracting Fractions and Finding A Common Denominator.

16) Add or subtract the following fractions, finding a common denominator first as
needed.

1 1
+
2 4

17) Add or subtract the following fractions, finding a common denominator first as
needed.

2 1
+
6 3

18) Add or subtract the following fractions, finding a common denominator first as
needed.

3 2
+
5 10

19) Add or subtract the following fractions, finding a common denominator first as
needed.

8 1

15 5

Page 6

2008 Jason Gibson / MathTutorDVD.com

Math Video Tutor Fractions Thru Algebra


Section 2 Fractions

20) Add or subtract the following fractions, finding a common denominator first as
needed.

1 1

2 3

21) Add or subtract the following fractions, finding a common denominator first as
needed.

3 1

4 3

22) Add or subtract the following fractions, finding a common denominator first as
needed.

3 2

6 9

23) Add or subtract the following fractions, finding a common denominator first as
needed.

3 1 1
+
4 2 4

Page 7

2008 Jason Gibson / MathTutorDVD.com

Math Video Tutor Fractions Thru Algebra


Section 2 Fractions

Question

Answer

1) Add the following fractions:

1 1
+
2 2
1+1
2

2
2

Begin.

In order to add or subtract fractions, the


denominators must be the same. The two
fractions here have the same denominator,
so we can add the fractions easily. You
simply add the numerators together, and
keep the common denominator in the
answer.
Carry our the addition.

Always try to simplify your answer. In this


case we realize that since all fractions are
2
really division,
is simply two divided by
2
two, which equals 1. Notice that this makes
perfect senseone-half of a pie plus onehalf of another pie equals one whole pie.
Ans: 1.

Page 8

2008 Jason Gibson / MathTutorDVD.com

Math Video Tutor Fractions Thru Algebra


Section 2 Fractions

Question

Answer

2) Add the following fractions:


2 1
+
3 3
2 +1
3

3
3

Begin.

In order to add or subtract fractions, the


denominators must be the same. The two
fractions here have the same denominator,
so we can add the fractions easily. You
simply add the numerators together, and
keep the common denominator in the
answer.
Carry our the addition.

Always try to simplify your answer. In this


case we realize that since all fractions are
3
really division, is simply three divided by
3
three, which equals 1. Notice that this
makes perfect senseone-third of a pie plus
two-thirds of another pie equals one whole
pie.
Ans: 1.

Page 9

2008 Jason Gibson / MathTutorDVD.com

Math Video Tutor Fractions Thru Algebra


Section 2 Fractions

Question

Answer

3) Add the following fractions:


3 1
+
8 8
3 +1
8

4
8

44
84

1
2

Begin.

In order to add or subtract fractions, the


denominators must be the same. The two
fractions here have the same denominator,
so we can add the fractions easily. You
simply add the numerators together, and
keep the common denominator in the
answer.

Carry our the addition.


Always try to simplify your answer. In this
case we realize we can simplify the fraction
by dividing both numerator and denominator
by 4, since 4 can be divided evenly into
both top and bottom.
Carry out the simplification to arrive at the
final answer.
Ans:

1
2

Page 10

2008 Jason Gibson / MathTutorDVD.com

Math Video Tutor Fractions Thru Algebra


Section 2 Fractions

Question

Answer

4) Add the following fractions:


2 3
+
7 7
2+3
7

Begin.

In order to add or subtract fractions, the


denominators must be the same. The two
fractions here have the same denominator,
so we can add the fractions easily. You
simply add the numerators together, and
keep the common denominator in the
answer.

5
7

Carry our the addition.

5
7

Always try to simplify your answer. In this


case the fraction is fully simplified because
we cant divide top and bottom by the same
number evenly.
Ans:

5
7

Page 11

2008 Jason Gibson / MathTutorDVD.com

Math Video Tutor Fractions Thru Algebra


Section 2 Fractions

Question

Answer

5) Add the following fractions:


1 2
+
6 6
1+ 2
6

3
6

33
63

1
2

Begin.

In order to add or subtract fractions, the


denominators must be the same. The two
fractions here have the same denominator,
so we can add the fractions easily. You
simply add the numerators together, and
keep the common denominator in the
answer.

Carry our the addition.


Always try to simplify your answer. In this
case we realize we can simplify the fraction
by dividing both numerator and denominator
by 3, since 3 can be divided evenly into
both top and bottom.
Carry out the simplification to arrive at the
final answer.
Ans:

1
2

Page 12

2008 Jason Gibson / MathTutorDVD.com

Math Video Tutor Fractions Thru Algebra


Section 2 Fractions

Question

Answer

6) Add the following fractions:


5 1
+
9 9
5 +1
9

6
9

63
93

2
3

Begin.

In order to add or subtract fractions, the


denominators must be the same. The two
fractions here have the same denominator,
so we can add the fractions easily. You
simply add the numerators together, and
keep the common denominator in the
answer.

Carry our the addition.


Always try to simplify your answer. In this
case we realize we can simplify the fraction
by dividing both numerator and denominator
by 3, since 3 can be divided evenly into
both top and bottom.
Carry out the simplification to arrive at the
final answer.
Ans:

2
3

Page 13

2008 Jason Gibson / MathTutorDVD.com

Math Video Tutor Fractions Thru Algebra


Section 2 Fractions

Question

Answer

7) Add the following fractions:


Begin.
1
1
1 +2
4
4
1+1
1+ 2 +
4

Adding and subtracting mixed fractions is


very easy. In this case just add the whole
numbers together separately. Then you add
the fractional part separately just like you
have been doing.
In order to add or subtract fractions, the
denominators must be the same. The two
fractions here have the same denominator,
so we can add the fractions easily. You
simply add the numerators together, and
keep the common denominator in the
answer.

3+

3+

2
4

22
42

1
3
2

Carry our the addition.


Always try to simplify the fraction in your
answer. In this case we realize we can
simplify the fraction by dividing both
numerator and denominator by 2, since 2
can be divided evenly into both top and
bottom.
Carry out the simplification to arrive at the
final answer. You can now drop the +
between the whole number and the fraction
in the final answer.
Ans: 3

1
2

Page 14

2008 Jason Gibson / MathTutorDVD.com

Math Video Tutor Fractions Thru Algebra


Section 2 Fractions

Question

Answer

8) Add the following fractions:


Begin.
2
4
3 +1
9
9
2+4
3 +1+
9

Adding and subtracting mixed fractions is


very easy. In this case just add the whole
numbers together separately. Then you add
the fractional part separately just like you
have been doing.
In order to add or subtract fractions, the
denominators must be the same. The two
fractions here have the same denominator,
so we can add the fractions easily. You
simply add the numerators together, and
keep the common denominator in the
answer.

4+

4+

6
9

63
93

2
4
3

Carry our the addition.


Always try to simplify the fraction in your
answer. In this case we realize we can
simplify the fraction by dividing both
numerator and denominator by 3, since 3
can be divided evenly into both top and
bottom.
Carry out the simplification to arrive at the
final answer. You can now drop the +
between the whole number and the fraction
in the final answer.
Ans: 4

2
3

Page 15

2008 Jason Gibson / MathTutorDVD.com

Math Video Tutor Fractions Thru Algebra


Section 2 Fractions

Question

Answer

9) Subtract the following fractions:


Begin.
4 2

9 9
42
9

In order to add or subtract fractions, the


denominators must be the same. The two
fractions here have the same denominator,
so we can subtract the fractions easily. You
simply subtract the numerators, and keep the
common denominator in the answer.

2
9

Carry our the subtraction.

2
9

Always try to simplify the fraction in your


answer. In this case we realize that this
fraction is already fully simplified, so we have
arrived at the answer.
Ans:

2
9

Page 16

2008 Jason Gibson / MathTutorDVD.com

Math Video Tutor Fractions Thru Algebra


Section 2 Fractions

Question

Answer

10) Subtract the following fractions:


Begin.
5 3

6 6
53
6

2
6
22
62

1
3

In order to add or subtract fractions, the


denominators must be the same. The two
fractions here have the same denominator,
so we can subtract the fractions easily. You
simply subtract the numerators, and keep the
common denominator in the answer.

Carry our the subtraction.


Always try to simplify the fraction in your
answer. In this case we realize that we can
simplify the fraction by dividing both top and
bottom by 2.
Carry out the simplification to arrive at the
final answer.
Ans:

1
3

Page 17

2008 Jason Gibson / MathTutorDVD.com

Math Video Tutor Fractions Thru Algebra


Section 2 Fractions

Question

Answer

11) Subtract the following fractions:


Begin.
7
4

12 12
74
12

3
12
33
12 3

1
4

In order to add or subtract fractions, the


denominators must be the same. The two
fractions here have the same denominator,
so we can subtract the fractions easily. You
simply subtract the numerators, and keep the
common denominator in the answer.

Carry our the subtraction.


Always try to simplify the fraction in your
answer. In this case we realize that we can
simplify the fraction by dividing both top and
bottom by 3.
Carry out the simplification to arrive at the
final answer.
Ans:

1
4

Page 18

2008 Jason Gibson / MathTutorDVD.com

Math Video Tutor Fractions Thru Algebra


Section 2 Fractions

Question

Answer

12) Subtract the following fractions:


Begin.
11 1

15 15
11 1
15

10
15
10 5
15 5

2
3

In order to add or subtract fractions, the


denominators must be the same. The two
fractions here have the same denominator,
so we can subtract the fractions easily. You
simply subtract the numerators, and keep the
common denominator in the answer.

Carry our the subtraction.


Always try to simplify the fraction in your
answer. In this case we realize that we can
simplify the fraction by dividing both top and
bottom by 5.
Carry out the simplification to arrive at the
final answer.
Ans:

2
3

Page 19

2008 Jason Gibson / MathTutorDVD.com

Math Video Tutor Fractions Thru Algebra


Section 2 Fractions

Question

Answer

13) Subtract the following fractions:


Begin.
7
3

16 16
73
16

4
16
44
16 4

1
4

In order to add or subtract fractions, the


denominators must be the same. The two
fractions here have the same denominator,
so we can subtract the fractions easily. You
simply subtract the numerators, and keep the
common denominator in the answer.

Carry our the subtraction.


Always try to simplify the fraction in your
answer. In this case we realize that we can
simplify the fraction by dividing both top and
bottom by 4.
Carry out the simplification to arrive at the
final answer.
Ans:

1
4

Page 20

2008 Jason Gibson / MathTutorDVD.com

Math Video Tutor Fractions Thru Algebra


Section 2 Fractions

Question

Answer

14) Subtract the following fractions:


Begin.
9
2
5 1
14 14
92
4
14

Adding and subtracting mixed fractions is


very easy. In this case just subtract the
whole numbers separately. Since 5-1=4, the
whole number 4 goes out in front of the
fraction. Then you subtract the fractional
part separately just like you have been doing.
In order to add or subtract fractions, the
denominators must be the same. The two
fractions here have the same denominator,
so we can subtract the fractions easily. You
simply subtract the numerators, and keep the
common denominator in the answer.

7
14

77
14 7

1
4
2

Carry our the subtraction.


Always try to simplify the fraction in your
answer. In this case we realize that we can
simplify the fraction by dividing both top and
bottom by 7.
Carry out the simplification to arrive at the
final answer.
Ans: 4

1
2

Page 21

2008 Jason Gibson / MathTutorDVD.com

Math Video Tutor Fractions Thru Algebra


Section 2 Fractions

Question

Answer

15) Subtract the following fractions:


Begin.
11
5
6 3
18
18
11 5
3
18

Adding and subtracting mixed fractions is


very easy. In this case just subtract the
whole numbers separately. Since 6-3=3, the
whole number 3 goes out in front of the
fraction. Then you subtract the fractional
part separately just like you have been doing.
In order to add or subtract fractions, the
denominators must be the same. The two
fractions here have the same denominator,
so we can subtract the fractions easily. You
simply subtract the numerators, and keep the
common denominator in the answer.

6
18

66
18 6

1
3
3

Carry our the subtraction.


Always try to simplify the fraction in your
answer. In this case we realize that we can
simplify the fraction by dividing both top and
bottom by 6.
Carry out the simplification to arrive at the
final answer.
Ans: 3

1
3

Page 22

2008 Jason Gibson / MathTutorDVD.com

Math Video Tutor Fractions Thru Algebra


Section 2 Fractions

Question

16) Add or subtract the following


fractions, finding a common
denominator first as needed.

Answer

Begin.

1 1
+
2 4
1 2 1
+
22 4

In order to add or subtract fractions, the


denominators must be the same. These two
fractions do not have the same denominator.
We must change one or both of the fractions
so that they have the same denominator
before we can add them.
Do this by multiplying the top and bottom of
one or both of the fractions by any number
you want in order to make the denominators
equal. Then you can just add them as
before. Remember you can always multiply
the top and bottom of a fraction by the same
number, as long as you do it to BOTH the top
and bottom.
In this case multiply the top and bottom of
1
by 2.
2

2 1
+
4 4

Carry out the multiplication. Now the


fractions both have a denominator of 4.

Page 23

2008 Jason Gibson / MathTutorDVD.com

2 +1
4

Math Video Tutor Fractions Thru Algebra


Section 2 Fractions

Now, just add the fractions as you have been


doing. Add the numerators and retain the
common denominator.
Carry out the addition.

3
4

3
4

Always try to simplify your answer. In this


case, the fraction is already fully simplified,
so you have arrived at the answer.
Ans:

3
4

Page 24

2008 Jason Gibson / MathTutorDVD.com

Math Video Tutor Fractions Thru Algebra


Section 2 Fractions

Question

17) Add or subtract the following


fractions, finding a common
denominator first as needed.

Answer

Begin.

2 1
+
6 3
2 1 2
+
6 3 2

In order to add or subtract fractions, the


denominators must be the same. These two
fractions do not have the same denominator.
We must change one or both of the fractions
so that they have the same denominator
before we can add them.
Do this by multiplying the top and bottom of
one or both of the fractions by any number
you want in order to make the denominators
equal. Then you can just add them as
before. Remember you can always multiply
the top and bottom of a fraction by the same
number, as long as you do it to BOTH the top
and bottom.
In this case multiply the top and bottom of
1
by 2.
3

2 2
+
6 6

Carry out the multiplication. Now the


fractions both have a denominator of 6.

Page 25

2008 Jason Gibson / MathTutorDVD.com

2+2
6

Math Video Tutor Fractions Thru Algebra


Section 2 Fractions

Now, just add the fractions as you have been


doing. Add the numerators and retain the
common denominator.
Carry out the addition.

4
6
42
62

2
3

Always try to simplify your answer. In this


case we divide top and bottom by 2 to
simplify.
Carry out the simplification to arrive at the
answer.
Ans:

2
3

Page 26

2008 Jason Gibson / MathTutorDVD.com

Math Video Tutor Fractions Thru Algebra


Section 2 Fractions

Question

18) Add or subtract the following


fractions, finding a common
denominator first as needed.

Answer

Begin.

3 2
+
5 10
3 2 2
+
5 2 10

In order to add or subtract fractions, the


denominators must be the same. These two
fractions do not have the same denominator.
We must change one or both of the fractions
so that they have the same denominator
before we can add them.
Do this by multiplying the top and bottom of
one or both of the fractions by any number
you want in order to make the denominators
equal. Then you can just add them as
before. Remember you can always multiply
the top and bottom of a fraction by the same
number, as long as you do it to BOTH the top
and bottom.
In this case multiply the top and bottom of
3
by 2.
5

6
2
+
10 10

Carry out the multiplication. Now the


fractions both have a denominator of 10.

Page 27

2008 Jason Gibson / MathTutorDVD.com

6+2
10

Math Video Tutor Fractions Thru Algebra


Section 2 Fractions

Now, just add the fractions as you have been


doing. Add the numerators and retain the
common denominator.
Carry out the addition.

8
10
82
10 2

4
5

Always try to simplify your answer. In this


case we divide top and bottom by 2 to
simplify.
Carry out the simplification to arrive at the
answer.
Ans:

4
5

Page 28

2008 Jason Gibson / MathTutorDVD.com

Math Video Tutor Fractions Thru Algebra


Section 2 Fractions

Question

19) Add or subtract the following


fractions, finding a common
denominator first as needed.

Answer

Begin.

8 1

15 5
8 1 3

15 5 3

In order to add or subtract fractions, the


denominators must be the same. These two
fractions do not have the same denominator.
We must change one or both of the fractions
so that they have the same denominator
before we can add them.
Do this by multiplying the top and bottom of
one or both of the fractions by any number
you want in order to make the denominators
equal. Then you can just subtract them as
before. Remember you can always multiply
the top and bottom of a fraction by the same
number, as long as you do it to BOTH the top
and bottom.
In this case multiply the top and bottom of
1
by 3.
5

8
3

15 15

Carry out the multiplication. Now the


fractions both have a denominator of 15.

Page 29

2008 Jason Gibson / MathTutorDVD.com

83
15

Math Video Tutor Fractions Thru Algebra


Section 2 Fractions

Now, just subtract the fractions as you have


been doing. subtract the numerators and
retain the common denominator.
Carry out the subtraction.

5
15
55
15 5

1
3

Always try to simplify your answer. In this


case we divide top and bottom by 5 to
simplify.
Carry out the simplification to arrive at the
answer.
Ans:

1
3

Page 30

2008 Jason Gibson / MathTutorDVD.com

Math Video Tutor Fractions Thru Algebra


Section 2 Fractions

Question

20) Add or subtract the following


fractions, finding a common
denominator first as needed.

Answer

Begin.

1 1

2 3
1 3 1 2

23 3 2

In order to add or subtract fractions, the


denominators must be the same. These two
fractions do not have the same denominator.
We must change one or both of the fractions
so that they have the same denominator
before we can add them.
Do this by multiplying the top and bottom of
one or both of the fractions by any number
you want in order to make the denominators
equal. Then you can just subtract them as
before. Remember you can always multiply
the top and bottom of a fraction by the same
number, as long as you do it to BOTH the top
and bottom.
In this case multiply the top and bottom of
1
by 3. Also multiply the top and bottom of
2
1
by 2.
3

3 2

6 6

Carry out the multiplication. Now the


fractions both have a denominator of 6.

Page 31

2008 Jason Gibson / MathTutorDVD.com

3 2
6

Math Video Tutor Fractions Thru Algebra


Section 2 Fractions

Now, just subtract the fractions as you have


been doing. subtract the numerators and
retain the common denominator.
Carry out the subtraction.

1
6

1
6

Always try to simplify your answer. This


fraction is already simplified, so we are done.
Ans:

1
6

Page 32

2008 Jason Gibson / MathTutorDVD.com

Math Video Tutor Fractions Thru Algebra


Section 2 Fractions

Question

21) Add or subtract the following


fractions, finding a common
denominator first as needed.

Answer

Begin.

3 1

4 3
3 3 1 4

43 3 4

In order to add or subtract fractions, the


denominators must be the same. These two
fractions do not have the same denominator.
We must change one or both of the fractions
so that they have the same denominator
before we can add them.
Do this by multiplying the top and bottom of
one or both of the fractions by any number
you want in order to make the denominators
equal. Then you can just subtract them as
before. Remember you can always multiply
the top and bottom of a fraction by the same
number, as long as you do it to BOTH the top
and bottom.
In this case multiply the top and bottom of
3
by 3. Also multiply the top and bottom of
4
1
by 4.
3

9
4

12 12

Carry out the multiplication. Now the


fractions both have a denominator of 12.

Page 33

2008 Jason Gibson / MathTutorDVD.com

94
12

Math Video Tutor Fractions Thru Algebra


Section 2 Fractions

Now, just subtract the fractions as you have


been doing. subtract the numerators and
retain the common denominator.
Carry out the subtraction.

5
12

5
12

Always try to simplify your answer. This


fraction is already simplified, so we are done.
Ans:

5
12

Page 34

2008 Jason Gibson / MathTutorDVD.com

Math Video Tutor Fractions Thru Algebra


Section 2 Fractions

Question

22) Add or subtract the following


fractions, finding a common
denominator first as needed.

Answer

Begin.

3 2

6 9
39 26

69 96

In order to add or subtract fractions, the


denominators must be the same. These two
fractions do not have the same denominator.
We must change one or both of the fractions
so that they have the same denominator
before we can add them.
Do this by multiplying the top and bottom of
one or both of the fractions by any number
you want in order to make the denominators
equal. Then you can just subtract them as
before. Remember you can always multiply
the top and bottom of a fraction by the same
number, as long as you do it to BOTH the top
and bottom.
In this case multiply the top and bottom of
2
by 6. Also multiply the top and bottom of
9
3
by 9.
6

27 12

54 54

Carry out the multiplication. Now the


fractions both have a denominator of 54.

Page 35

2008 Jason Gibson / MathTutorDVD.com

27 12
54

Math Video Tutor Fractions Thru Algebra


Section 2 Fractions

Now, just subtract the fractions as you have


been doing. subtract the numerators and
retain the common denominator.
Carry out the subtraction.

15
54
15 3
54 3

5
18

Always try to simplify your answer. We can


simplify this fraction by dividing top and
bottom by 3
Carry out the simplification to arrive at the
final answer.
Ans:

5
18

Page 36

2008 Jason Gibson / MathTutorDVD.com

Math Video Tutor Fractions Thru Algebra


Section 2 Fractions

Question

23) Add or subtract the following


fractions, finding a common
denominator first as needed.

Answer

Begin.

3 1 1
+
4 2 4
3 1 2 1
+

4 22 4

In order to add or subtract fractions, the


denominators must be the same. These two
fractions do not have the same denominator.
We must change one or both of the fractions
so that they have the same denominator
before we can add them.
Do this by multiplying the top and bottom of
one or both of the fractions by any number
you want in order to make the denominators
equal. Then you can just subtract them as
before. Remember you can always multiply
the top and bottom of a fraction by the same
number, as long as you do it to BOTH the top
and bottom.
In this case multiply the top and bottom of
1
by 2.
2

3 2 1
+
4 4 4

Carry out the multiplication. Now all of the


fractions have a denominator of 4.

Page 37

2008 Jason Gibson / MathTutorDVD.com

3 + 2 1
4

Math Video Tutor Fractions Thru Algebra


Section 2 Fractions

Now, just add and subtract the fractions as


you have been doing. Add and subtract the
numerators and retain the common
denominator.
Carry out the additions and subtractions.

4
4

Always try to simplify your answer. We


4
realize that is really four divided by four
4
which is equal to 1, which is the answer.
Ans: 1

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