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# 2008 Jason Gibson / MathTutorDVD.

com

## Math Video Tutor Fractions Thru Algebra

Section 2 Fractions

## Supplemental Worksheet Problems To Accompany:

Math Video Tutor DVD Fractions Thru Algebra
Section 2 Fractions
This is Worksheet 3 of 3 For Section 2 On The DVD:
Worksheet Topic: Adding and Subtracting Fractions
Please watch Section 2 of this DVD before working these problems.
The DVD is located at:
http://www.mathtutordvd.com/products/item8.cfm

Page 1

## Math Video Tutor Fractions Thru Algebra

Section 2 Fractions

Have a Common Denominator.

1 1
+
2 2

2 1
+
3 3

3 1
+
8 8

2 3
+
7 7

Page 2

## Math Video Tutor Fractions Thru Algebra

Section 2 Fractions

1 2
+
6 6

5 1
+
9 9

1
1
1 +2
4
4

2
4
3 +1
9
9

Page 3

## Math Video Tutor Fractions Thru Algebra

Section 2 Fractions

4 2

9 9

5 3

6 6

7
4

12 12

11 1

15 15

Page 4

## Math Video Tutor Fractions Thru Algebra

Section 2 Fractions

7
3

16 16

9
2
1
14 14

11
5
3
18
18

Page 5

## Math Video Tutor Fractions Thru Algebra

Section 2 Fractions

## Adding/Subtracting Fractions and Finding A Common Denominator.

16) Add or subtract the following fractions, finding a common denominator first as
needed.

1 1
+
2 4

17) Add or subtract the following fractions, finding a common denominator first as
needed.

2 1
+
6 3

18) Add or subtract the following fractions, finding a common denominator first as
needed.

3 2
+
5 10

19) Add or subtract the following fractions, finding a common denominator first as
needed.

8 1

15 5

Page 6

## Math Video Tutor Fractions Thru Algebra

Section 2 Fractions

20) Add or subtract the following fractions, finding a common denominator first as
needed.

1 1

2 3

21) Add or subtract the following fractions, finding a common denominator first as
needed.

3 1

4 3

22) Add or subtract the following fractions, finding a common denominator first as
needed.

3 2

6 9

23) Add or subtract the following fractions, finding a common denominator first as
needed.

3 1 1
+
4 2 4

Page 7

## Math Video Tutor Fractions Thru Algebra

Section 2 Fractions

Question

1 1
+
2 2
1+1
2

2
2

Begin.

## In order to add or subtract fractions, the

denominators must be the same. The two
fractions here have the same denominator,
so we can add the fractions easily. You
simply add the numerators together, and
keep the common denominator in the

case we realize that since all fractions are
2
really division,
is simply two divided by
2
two, which equals 1. Notice that this makes
perfect senseone-half of a pie plus onehalf of another pie equals one whole pie.
Ans: 1.

Page 8

## Math Video Tutor Fractions Thru Algebra

Section 2 Fractions

Question

2 1
+
3 3
2 +1
3

3
3

Begin.

## In order to add or subtract fractions, the

denominators must be the same. The two
fractions here have the same denominator,
so we can add the fractions easily. You
simply add the numerators together, and
keep the common denominator in the

case we realize that since all fractions are
3
really division, is simply three divided by
3
three, which equals 1. Notice that this
makes perfect senseone-third of a pie plus
two-thirds of another pie equals one whole
pie.
Ans: 1.

Page 9

## Math Video Tutor Fractions Thru Algebra

Section 2 Fractions

Question

3 1
+
8 8
3 +1
8

4
8

44
84

1
2

Begin.

## In order to add or subtract fractions, the

denominators must be the same. The two
fractions here have the same denominator,
so we can add the fractions easily. You
simply add the numerators together, and
keep the common denominator in the

case we realize we can simplify the fraction
by dividing both numerator and denominator
by 4, since 4 can be divided evenly into
both top and bottom.
Carry out the simplification to arrive at the
Ans:

1
2

Page 10

## Math Video Tutor Fractions Thru Algebra

Section 2 Fractions

Question

2 3
+
7 7
2+3
7

Begin.

## In order to add or subtract fractions, the

denominators must be the same. The two
fractions here have the same denominator,
so we can add the fractions easily. You
simply add the numerators together, and
keep the common denominator in the

5
7

5
7

case the fraction is fully simplified because
we cant divide top and bottom by the same
number evenly.
Ans:

5
7

Page 11

## Math Video Tutor Fractions Thru Algebra

Section 2 Fractions

Question

1 2
+
6 6
1+ 2
6

3
6

33
63

1
2

Begin.

## In order to add or subtract fractions, the

denominators must be the same. The two
fractions here have the same denominator,
so we can add the fractions easily. You
simply add the numerators together, and
keep the common denominator in the

case we realize we can simplify the fraction
by dividing both numerator and denominator
by 3, since 3 can be divided evenly into
both top and bottom.
Carry out the simplification to arrive at the
Ans:

1
2

Page 12

## Math Video Tutor Fractions Thru Algebra

Section 2 Fractions

Question

5 1
+
9 9
5 +1
9

6
9

63
93

2
3

Begin.

## In order to add or subtract fractions, the

denominators must be the same. The two
fractions here have the same denominator,
so we can add the fractions easily. You
simply add the numerators together, and
keep the common denominator in the

case we realize we can simplify the fraction
by dividing both numerator and denominator
by 3, since 3 can be divided evenly into
both top and bottom.
Carry out the simplification to arrive at the
Ans:

2
3

Page 13

## Math Video Tutor Fractions Thru Algebra

Section 2 Fractions

Question

Begin.
1
1
1 +2
4
4
1+1
1+ 2 +
4

## Adding and subtracting mixed fractions is

very easy. In this case just add the whole
numbers together separately. Then you add
the fractional part separately just like you
have been doing.
In order to add or subtract fractions, the
denominators must be the same. The two
fractions here have the same denominator,
so we can add the fractions easily. You
simply add the numerators together, and
keep the common denominator in the

3+

3+

2
4

22
42

1
3
2

Always try to simplify the fraction in your
answer. In this case we realize we can
simplify the fraction by dividing both
numerator and denominator by 2, since 2
can be divided evenly into both top and
bottom.
Carry out the simplification to arrive at the
final answer. You can now drop the +
between the whole number and the fraction
Ans: 3

1
2

Page 14

## Math Video Tutor Fractions Thru Algebra

Section 2 Fractions

Question

Begin.
2
4
3 +1
9
9
2+4
3 +1+
9

## Adding and subtracting mixed fractions is

very easy. In this case just add the whole
numbers together separately. Then you add
the fractional part separately just like you
have been doing.
In order to add or subtract fractions, the
denominators must be the same. The two
fractions here have the same denominator,
so we can add the fractions easily. You
simply add the numerators together, and
keep the common denominator in the

4+

4+

6
9

63
93

2
4
3

Always try to simplify the fraction in your
answer. In this case we realize we can
simplify the fraction by dividing both
numerator and denominator by 3, since 3
can be divided evenly into both top and
bottom.
Carry out the simplification to arrive at the
final answer. You can now drop the +
between the whole number and the fraction
Ans: 4

2
3

Page 15

## Math Video Tutor Fractions Thru Algebra

Section 2 Fractions

Question

Begin.
4 2

9 9
42
9

## In order to add or subtract fractions, the

denominators must be the same. The two
fractions here have the same denominator,
so we can subtract the fractions easily. You
simply subtract the numerators, and keep the

2
9

2
9

## Always try to simplify the fraction in your

answer. In this case we realize that this
fraction is already fully simplified, so we have
Ans:

2
9

Page 16

## Math Video Tutor Fractions Thru Algebra

Section 2 Fractions

Question

Begin.
5 3

6 6
53
6

2
6
22
62

1
3

## In order to add or subtract fractions, the

denominators must be the same. The two
fractions here have the same denominator,
so we can subtract the fractions easily. You
simply subtract the numerators, and keep the

## Carry our the subtraction.

Always try to simplify the fraction in your
answer. In this case we realize that we can
simplify the fraction by dividing both top and
bottom by 2.
Carry out the simplification to arrive at the
Ans:

1
3

Page 17

## Math Video Tutor Fractions Thru Algebra

Section 2 Fractions

Question

Begin.
7
4

12 12
74
12

3
12
33
12 3

1
4

## In order to add or subtract fractions, the

denominators must be the same. The two
fractions here have the same denominator,
so we can subtract the fractions easily. You
simply subtract the numerators, and keep the

## Carry our the subtraction.

Always try to simplify the fraction in your
answer. In this case we realize that we can
simplify the fraction by dividing both top and
bottom by 3.
Carry out the simplification to arrive at the
Ans:

1
4

Page 18

## Math Video Tutor Fractions Thru Algebra

Section 2 Fractions

Question

Begin.
11 1

15 15
11 1
15

10
15
10 5
15 5

2
3

## In order to add or subtract fractions, the

denominators must be the same. The two
fractions here have the same denominator,
so we can subtract the fractions easily. You
simply subtract the numerators, and keep the

## Carry our the subtraction.

Always try to simplify the fraction in your
answer. In this case we realize that we can
simplify the fraction by dividing both top and
bottom by 5.
Carry out the simplification to arrive at the
Ans:

2
3

Page 19

## Math Video Tutor Fractions Thru Algebra

Section 2 Fractions

Question

Begin.
7
3

16 16
73
16

4
16
44
16 4

1
4

## In order to add or subtract fractions, the

denominators must be the same. The two
fractions here have the same denominator,
so we can subtract the fractions easily. You
simply subtract the numerators, and keep the

## Carry our the subtraction.

Always try to simplify the fraction in your
answer. In this case we realize that we can
simplify the fraction by dividing both top and
bottom by 4.
Carry out the simplification to arrive at the
Ans:

1
4

Page 20

## Math Video Tutor Fractions Thru Algebra

Section 2 Fractions

Question

Begin.
9
2
5 1
14 14
92
4
14

## Adding and subtracting mixed fractions is

very easy. In this case just subtract the
whole numbers separately. Since 5-1=4, the
whole number 4 goes out in front of the
fraction. Then you subtract the fractional
part separately just like you have been doing.
In order to add or subtract fractions, the
denominators must be the same. The two
fractions here have the same denominator,
so we can subtract the fractions easily. You
simply subtract the numerators, and keep the

7
14

77
14 7

1
4
2

## Carry our the subtraction.

Always try to simplify the fraction in your
answer. In this case we realize that we can
simplify the fraction by dividing both top and
bottom by 7.
Carry out the simplification to arrive at the
Ans: 4

1
2

Page 21

## Math Video Tutor Fractions Thru Algebra

Section 2 Fractions

Question

Begin.
11
5
6 3
18
18
11 5
3
18

## Adding and subtracting mixed fractions is

very easy. In this case just subtract the
whole numbers separately. Since 6-3=3, the
whole number 3 goes out in front of the
fraction. Then you subtract the fractional
part separately just like you have been doing.
In order to add or subtract fractions, the
denominators must be the same. The two
fractions here have the same denominator,
so we can subtract the fractions easily. You
simply subtract the numerators, and keep the

6
18

66
18 6

1
3
3

## Carry our the subtraction.

Always try to simplify the fraction in your
answer. In this case we realize that we can
simplify the fraction by dividing both top and
bottom by 6.
Carry out the simplification to arrive at the
Ans: 3

1
3

Page 22

## Math Video Tutor Fractions Thru Algebra

Section 2 Fractions

Question

## 16) Add or subtract the following

fractions, finding a common
denominator first as needed.

Begin.

1 1
+
2 4
1 2 1
+
22 4

## In order to add or subtract fractions, the

denominators must be the same. These two
fractions do not have the same denominator.
We must change one or both of the fractions
so that they have the same denominator
Do this by multiplying the top and bottom of
one or both of the fractions by any number
you want in order to make the denominators
equal. Then you can just add them as
before. Remember you can always multiply
the top and bottom of a fraction by the same
number, as long as you do it to BOTH the top
and bottom.
In this case multiply the top and bottom of
1
by 2.
2

2 1
+
4 4

## Carry out the multiplication. Now the

fractions both have a denominator of 4.

Page 23

2 +1
4

## Math Video Tutor Fractions Thru Algebra

Section 2 Fractions

## Now, just add the fractions as you have been

doing. Add the numerators and retain the
common denominator.

3
4

3
4

case, the fraction is already fully simplified,
so you have arrived at the answer.
Ans:

3
4

Page 24

## Math Video Tutor Fractions Thru Algebra

Section 2 Fractions

Question

## 17) Add or subtract the following

fractions, finding a common
denominator first as needed.

Begin.

2 1
+
6 3
2 1 2
+
6 3 2

## In order to add or subtract fractions, the

denominators must be the same. These two
fractions do not have the same denominator.
We must change one or both of the fractions
so that they have the same denominator
Do this by multiplying the top and bottom of
one or both of the fractions by any number
you want in order to make the denominators
equal. Then you can just add them as
before. Remember you can always multiply
the top and bottom of a fraction by the same
number, as long as you do it to BOTH the top
and bottom.
In this case multiply the top and bottom of
1
by 2.
3

2 2
+
6 6

## Carry out the multiplication. Now the

fractions both have a denominator of 6.

Page 25

2+2
6

## Math Video Tutor Fractions Thru Algebra

Section 2 Fractions

## Now, just add the fractions as you have been

doing. Add the numerators and retain the
common denominator.

4
6
42
62

2
3

case we divide top and bottom by 2 to
simplify.
Carry out the simplification to arrive at the
Ans:

2
3

Page 26

## Math Video Tutor Fractions Thru Algebra

Section 2 Fractions

Question

## 18) Add or subtract the following

fractions, finding a common
denominator first as needed.

Begin.

3 2
+
5 10
3 2 2
+
5 2 10

## In order to add or subtract fractions, the

denominators must be the same. These two
fractions do not have the same denominator.
We must change one or both of the fractions
so that they have the same denominator
Do this by multiplying the top and bottom of
one or both of the fractions by any number
you want in order to make the denominators
equal. Then you can just add them as
before. Remember you can always multiply
the top and bottom of a fraction by the same
number, as long as you do it to BOTH the top
and bottom.
In this case multiply the top and bottom of
3
by 2.
5

6
2
+
10 10

## Carry out the multiplication. Now the

fractions both have a denominator of 10.

Page 27

6+2
10

## Math Video Tutor Fractions Thru Algebra

Section 2 Fractions

## Now, just add the fractions as you have been

doing. Add the numerators and retain the
common denominator.

8
10
82
10 2

4
5

case we divide top and bottom by 2 to
simplify.
Carry out the simplification to arrive at the
Ans:

4
5

Page 28

## Math Video Tutor Fractions Thru Algebra

Section 2 Fractions

Question

## 19) Add or subtract the following

fractions, finding a common
denominator first as needed.

Begin.

8 1

15 5
8 1 3

15 5 3

## In order to add or subtract fractions, the

denominators must be the same. These two
fractions do not have the same denominator.
We must change one or both of the fractions
so that they have the same denominator
Do this by multiplying the top and bottom of
one or both of the fractions by any number
you want in order to make the denominators
equal. Then you can just subtract them as
before. Remember you can always multiply
the top and bottom of a fraction by the same
number, as long as you do it to BOTH the top
and bottom.
In this case multiply the top and bottom of
1
by 3.
5

8
3

15 15

## Carry out the multiplication. Now the

fractions both have a denominator of 15.

Page 29

83
15

## Math Video Tutor Fractions Thru Algebra

Section 2 Fractions

## Now, just subtract the fractions as you have

been doing. subtract the numerators and
retain the common denominator.
Carry out the subtraction.

5
15
55
15 5

1
3

case we divide top and bottom by 5 to
simplify.
Carry out the simplification to arrive at the
Ans:

1
3

Page 30

## Math Video Tutor Fractions Thru Algebra

Section 2 Fractions

Question

## 20) Add or subtract the following

fractions, finding a common
denominator first as needed.

Begin.

1 1

2 3
1 3 1 2

23 3 2

## In order to add or subtract fractions, the

denominators must be the same. These two
fractions do not have the same denominator.
We must change one or both of the fractions
so that they have the same denominator
Do this by multiplying the top and bottom of
one or both of the fractions by any number
you want in order to make the denominators
equal. Then you can just subtract them as
before. Remember you can always multiply
the top and bottom of a fraction by the same
number, as long as you do it to BOTH the top
and bottom.
In this case multiply the top and bottom of
1
by 3. Also multiply the top and bottom of
2
1
by 2.
3

3 2

6 6

## Carry out the multiplication. Now the

fractions both have a denominator of 6.

Page 31

3 2
6

## Math Video Tutor Fractions Thru Algebra

Section 2 Fractions

## Now, just subtract the fractions as you have

been doing. subtract the numerators and
retain the common denominator.
Carry out the subtraction.

1
6

1
6

fraction is already simplified, so we are done.
Ans:

1
6

Page 32

## Math Video Tutor Fractions Thru Algebra

Section 2 Fractions

Question

## 21) Add or subtract the following

fractions, finding a common
denominator first as needed.

Begin.

3 1

4 3
3 3 1 4

43 3 4

## In order to add or subtract fractions, the

denominators must be the same. These two
fractions do not have the same denominator.
We must change one or both of the fractions
so that they have the same denominator
Do this by multiplying the top and bottom of
one or both of the fractions by any number
you want in order to make the denominators
equal. Then you can just subtract them as
before. Remember you can always multiply
the top and bottom of a fraction by the same
number, as long as you do it to BOTH the top
and bottom.
In this case multiply the top and bottom of
3
by 3. Also multiply the top and bottom of
4
1
by 4.
3

9
4

12 12

## Carry out the multiplication. Now the

fractions both have a denominator of 12.

Page 33

94
12

## Math Video Tutor Fractions Thru Algebra

Section 2 Fractions

## Now, just subtract the fractions as you have

been doing. subtract the numerators and
retain the common denominator.
Carry out the subtraction.

5
12

5
12

fraction is already simplified, so we are done.
Ans:

5
12

Page 34

## Math Video Tutor Fractions Thru Algebra

Section 2 Fractions

Question

## 22) Add or subtract the following

fractions, finding a common
denominator first as needed.

Begin.

3 2

6 9
39 26

69 96

## In order to add or subtract fractions, the

denominators must be the same. These two
fractions do not have the same denominator.
We must change one or both of the fractions
so that they have the same denominator
Do this by multiplying the top and bottom of
one or both of the fractions by any number
you want in order to make the denominators
equal. Then you can just subtract them as
before. Remember you can always multiply
the top and bottom of a fraction by the same
number, as long as you do it to BOTH the top
and bottom.
In this case multiply the top and bottom of
2
by 6. Also multiply the top and bottom of
9
3
by 9.
6

27 12

54 54

## Carry out the multiplication. Now the

fractions both have a denominator of 54.

Page 35

27 12
54

## Math Video Tutor Fractions Thru Algebra

Section 2 Fractions

## Now, just subtract the fractions as you have

been doing. subtract the numerators and
retain the common denominator.
Carry out the subtraction.

15
54
15 3
54 3

5
18

simplify this fraction by dividing top and
bottom by 3
Carry out the simplification to arrive at the
Ans:

5
18

Page 36

## Math Video Tutor Fractions Thru Algebra

Section 2 Fractions

Question

## 23) Add or subtract the following

fractions, finding a common
denominator first as needed.

Begin.

3 1 1
+
4 2 4
3 1 2 1
+

4 22 4

## In order to add or subtract fractions, the

denominators must be the same. These two
fractions do not have the same denominator.
We must change one or both of the fractions
so that they have the same denominator
Do this by multiplying the top and bottom of
one or both of the fractions by any number
you want in order to make the denominators
equal. Then you can just subtract them as
before. Remember you can always multiply
the top and bottom of a fraction by the same
number, as long as you do it to BOTH the top
and bottom.
In this case multiply the top and bottom of
1
by 2.
2

3 2 1
+
4 4 4

## Carry out the multiplication. Now all of the

fractions have a denominator of 4.

Page 37

3 + 2 1
4

## Math Video Tutor Fractions Thru Algebra

Section 2 Fractions

## Now, just add and subtract the fractions as

you have been doing. Add and subtract the
numerators and retain the common
denominator.
Carry out the additions and subtractions.

4
4