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8/15/2014

KALYAN SIR: INDIAN GEOGRAPHY - INTRODUCTION

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INDIAN GEOGRAPHY - INTRODUCTION


KALYANSIR.NET

INDIAN GEOGRAPHY

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KALYAN SIR: INDIAN GEOGRAPHY - INTRODUCTION

India is located on the North of the equator. (Do you remember? we learnt about
Hemispheres while reading World Geography?).
Hence Indian is in the northern hemisphere.
India is lying between 804' N and 370 18' N latitude and 6807' E and 970 25'E longitude
The country is divided into almost equal parts by the Tropic of Cancer (230 30'N).
India also belongs to eastern hemisphere as it lies to the east of the Prime Meridian.
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The 820 30' E longitudes are taken as the Standard Time Meridian of India.

India is the seventh largest country in the world occupying 2.2 per cent of the world
area.

POSITION OF STATES

Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh are in the

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KALYAN SIR: INDIAN GEOGRAPHY - INTRODUCTION

Himalayan Region. The state of Uttarakhand lies partly in the Himalayas and partly in the
northern plains.

Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Maharashtra, Orissa, Andhra Pradesh,


Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu together make the great peninsular plateau.

Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram, Tripural and Meghalaya are the
Indian provinces made up of hills in the north - east India.

Gujarat, Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Orissa
and West Bengal are states on the coast of India. Among our Union Territories, Daman
and Pondicherry boundaries have sea boundaries.

The Indian states on international boundaries (other country/countries within


brackets) are : Gujarat (Pakistan), Rajasthan (Pakistan), Punjab (Pakistan), Jammu and
Kashmir (China and Pakistan), Himachal Pradesh (China), Bihar (Nepal), Uttaranchal
(China and Nepal), Uttar Pradesh (Nepal), West Bengal (Bhutan and Bangladesh),
Sikkim (China, Bhutan and Nepal), Arunachal Pradesh (Bhutan, China and Myanmar),
Nagaland (Myanmar), Manipur (Myanmar), Mizoram (Bangladesh and Myanmar),
Meghalaya (Bangladesh), Tripura (Bangladesh), and Assam (Bhutan, Bangladesh and
Myanmar).

The states of Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand are the only
land locked states. They are not on an international border either.

INDIAS NEIGHBOURS
The India is bounded in three directions by
The Arabian Sea on the West

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KALYAN SIR: INDIAN GEOGRAPHY - INTRODUCTION

The Indian Ocean on the South


The Bay of Bengal on the East
In the North and east India is bounded by the the mighty Himalayas and its offshoots
form the international boundary of the country.
India shares its land frontiers with many countries such as
v Pakistan
v Afghanistan
v China
v Nepal
v Bhutan
v Myanmar
v Bangladesh.

The nearest neighbour of India across the sea is Sri Lanka.


The Sri Lanka and India are separated by the narrow Palk Strait.

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KALYAN SIR: INDIAN GEOGRAPHY - INTRODUCTION

PALK STRAIT

Maldives Island is another neighbour situated to the south of Lakshadweep islands.

MALDIVES

Myanmar is Indias immediate neighbour across the Purvanchal Hills and the Bay of
Bengal. Other neighbours on these frontiers include Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand, Laos
and Vietnam. To the west are Pakistan, Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq and the Arabian countries.
Egypt, Sudan, Ethiopia, Somalia, Kenya and Tanzania are our neighbours across the
ocean.
Five countries of Asia China, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan and India - meet at the
apex of the North Indian Triangle.
At the easternmost point of the Indian border is the north eastern trijunction, where
India, China and Myanmar meet.

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3 Comments

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sameera

5 months ago

Hi sir,
can you provide a proper location of Palk Strait?
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gopisrikanth

sameera 5 months ago

wiki it or search in google maps


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sravanthi

5 months ago

sir can u be more clear with the recent topics related to each of the given topic by you sir plssssssss......
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