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Abstract

An oil platform, offshore platform, or (colloquially) oil rig is a large structure with facilities
to drill wells, to extract and process oil and natural gas, or to temporarily store product until it
can be brought to shore for refining and marketing. In many cases, the platform contains
facilities to house the workforce as well. Depending on the circumstances, the platform may
be fixed to the ocean floor, may consist of an artificial island, or may float. Remote
subsea wells may also be connected to a platform by flow lines and by umbilical connections.
These subsea solutions may consist of one or more subsea wells, or of one or more manifold
centres for multiple wells.
Since offshore structures are used worldwide for a variety of functions and in a variety of
water depths, and environments there is a need for right selection of equipment, types of
platforms and method of drilling and also right planning, design, fabrication, transportation,
installation and commissioning of petroleum platforms, considering the water depth and
environment conditions are very important, this work deals with the practical methods for soil
investigation required for the establishment of the oil rig and then the analytical method to
determine the effect of sea waves on the standing jacket type oil rig.
Firstly, before the oil rig is established there is a need to determine various soil properties
below the sea bed, so that we can conclude that till which depth the rig is supposed to be
penetrated or what kind of material and what should be the dimensions of the rigs so that the
rigs will with stand the soil structure interaction. At the same time there are various forces
which are applied on the oil rigs above the sea bed and that forces are because of FluidStructure Interaction, and this force is because of the load that is generated due to the sea
waves.
Various tests such as sieve analysis, Atterberg limits test, UU Triaxial test etc. were done on
the soil samples that were extracted from the sea bed so as to determine the soil
characteristics, the soil stratigraphy and the type and strength characteristics of various soil
strata. Along with these Lateral load deformation characteristics (p-y, t-z and q-z data) for
pile used in Jack-up legs and Mud mat bearing capacity was determined.
In the second part of the work, the effects of linear sea waves were studied using the concept
of Fluid- Structure Interaction with the help of concept of Finite Element Analysis and

Computational Fluid Dynamics. This study of the effect of Hydrodynamic Loading on the
Jack-up rig was studied with the help of ANSYS WORKBWNCH 14.5. As we know the sea
waves are non-linear in nature so to it is very tough to determine the various properties of
waves. So in our work we have assumed that the sea waves in the western offshore basin are
linear and we have determine the properties like wavelength, time period etc. with the help of
Airys Wave theory and some data of WOB was taken from Oil & Natural Gas Corporation
and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, USA.