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# HEAT TRANSFER

(EP 315)
ANITA BT. ABU BAKAR / KOW KIEN WOH
SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING
anita@ucsiuniversity.edu.my

Synopsis
This course will emphasize on the principles of heat transfer by conduction, convection and
radiation. It will further elaborate these concepts with theories and applications to the
solutions of practically relevant chemical engineering problems. Topics include steady state
and transient heat conduction, force and natural convection heat transfer, radiation exchange
between black and grey surfaces, heat transfer for boiling and condensation and an
introduction to design heat exchange equipment - heat exchanger, condenser and
evaporators.

## Learning Outcomes (CLO)

Upon the completion of this module, the student will be able to:
CLO1: Analyze heat conduction using Fouriers Law for steady and unsteady state conditions.
(C4,PLO2)
CLO2: Analyze heat transfer with the concepts of natural and forced convection. (C4,PLO2)
CLO3: Analyze heat transfer with the concepts of radiation phenomena.(C4,PLO2)

## CLO4: Explain the concept of boiling and condensation phenomena. (C5,PLO2)

CLO5: Integrate design equations for heat transfer equipment (pipe heat exchangers, shell2
and-tube heat exchangers, evaporator and condenser). (C5,PLO3)

SYLLABUS
1. Introduction:
Various modes of heat transfer. Conduction, Convection and Radiation
2. Conduction:
Fouriers law, Steady state unidirectional heat flow through single and multiple layer
slabs, Cylinders and spheres for constant and variable thermal conductivity. Elementary
treatment of unsteady state heat conduction. Insulation
3. Extended Surfaces:
Fins Types of fins, Derivation of fin efficiency for longitudinal fins, Fin effectiveness.

4. Convection:
Individual and overall heat transfer coefficient, Empirical correlations for natural and
force convective heat transfer, Forced convection mechanism: Flow over a flat horizontal
plate, flow through a pipe or tube (Laminar, turbulant, Flow over a flat plate, Flow over
cylinders and spheres), Momentum and heat transfer analogies (Reynolds analogy, The
Chilton-Colburn analogy, The Prandtl analogy.

## 5. Heat Transfer With Phase Change:

Boiling phenomena, Nucleate and film boiling, Condensation, Film and Drop wise
condensation, Nusselts equations.
Properties and definitions, Absorptivity, Reflectivity, Emissive power and intensity of
displacement law, Kirchoffs law, View factors, Radiation between surfaces- different
7. Heat Transfer Equipment:
Double pipe heat exchangers, Shell and tube heat exchangers, Types of shell and
tube heat exchangers, Condenser,
Types of evaporators (Natural circulation evaporator, forced circulation evaporator,
falling film evaporator), multiple effect evaporator.Double pipe heat exchangers, Shell
and tube heat exchangers, Types of shell and tube heat exchangers, Condenser, types
of condensers. Types of evaporators, Multiple effect evaporator.

## 8. Design of Heat Transfer Equipment:

Elementary design of double pipe heat exchanger, shell and tube heat exchanger and
condenser, construction details, Elementary design of evaporator- performance of
tubular evaporator, evaporator capacity, evaporator economy, Multiple effect
evaporator.

REFERENCES
J.P. Holman, Heat Transfer, 10th Edition, McGraw-Hill, 2009

## Frank P. Incropera and David P. DeWitt, Fundamentals of

Heat and Mass Transfer, 6th Edition, John Wiley & Sons, Inc,
2007
Geankoplis, Transport Processes and Unit Operations, 4th
Edition, Upper Saddle River, NJ, Prentice Hall, 2003.
J.M. Coulson And J.F. Richardson, Chemical Engineering:
Fluid Flow, Heat Transfer And Mass Transfer V.6 (Chemical
Engineering), 1999
5

## LABORATORY (TUTOR - MS. SAHLIL MIRAZ)

1. Fourier's Law study for
a) Linear conduction of heat along homogeneous bar.
b) Conduction of heat and overall heat transfer along a composite bar.
c) Effect of a change in cross-sectional area on the temperature profile along a
thermal conductor.

2. Demonstration of the relationship between power input & surface temperature in free and force
convection
3. The temperature profile and rate of heat transfer for radial conduction through the wall of
cylinder.(open-ended)
4. Shell and Tube Heat Exchanger
a) Parallel Flow
b) Counter Flow
c) Water Temperature Variation
d) Flow Rate Variation
5. Concentric Tube Heat Exchanger with Parallel Flow (Open-ended)
a) Parallel Flow
b) Counter Flow
c) Water Temperature Variation
d) Flow Rate Variation

Type of
Assessment

Written tests

Lab
experimentations

Assessment
Methods
Midterm
(week 7/8)
Test
(week 12/13)
Final
examination
(50% Ruling)

Percentage (%)

Lab reports

10

20

20

50

Matrix CLO/PLO
Course Learning
Outcomes
(CLO)

(PLO)
1

## CLO1: Analyze heat conduction using

conditions. (C4,PLO2)

## CLO2: Analyze heat transfer with the

concepts of natural and forced convection.
(C4,PLO2)

## CLO3: Analyze heat transfer with the

(C4,PLO2)
CLO4: Explain the concept of boiling and
condensation phenomena.
(C5,PLO2)
CLO5: Integrate design equations for heat
transfer equipment (pipe heat exchangers,
shell-and-tube heat exchangers, evaporator
and condenser).
(C5,PLO3)

10

11

12

TEACHING PLAN
Week

1
2

3
4
5

7
8
9
10

11
12
13
14

Date

Topics

Lecturer

5 Jan

Orientation day

Anita

7 Jan
12 Jan
14 Jan
19 Jan
21 Jan
26 Jan
28 Jan
2 Feb
4 Feb
9 Feb
11 Feb
14 Feb (SATURDAY)

- Class policy/Introduction
- Course introduction: Modes of heat transfer
- Conduction
- Conduction
- Conduction
- Conduction
- Extended surface
Public holiday Wilayah Day
- Extended surface
- Convection
- Convection
(MIDTERM EXAM) 9.30-11.00am K206/K207

Anita
Anita
Anita
Anita
Anita
Anita
Anita
Anita
Anita
Anita
Anita
Anita & KKW

16 Feb
18 Feb
23 Feb
25 Feb
2 Mar
4 Mar
9 Mar
11 Mar
16 Mar
18 Mar
23 Mar
25 Mar
28 Mar (SATURDAY)
30 Mar
1 Apr
6 Apr
8 Apr

- Convection
- Convection
- Heat transfer with phase change
- Heat transfer with phase change
- Heat transfer equipment
- Heat transfer equipment
- Heat transfer equipment
- Heat transfer equipment
(TEST) 9.30 11.00am K206/K207
- Design of heat transfer equipment
- Design of heat transfer equipment
- Design of heat transfer equipment
- Design of heat transfer equipment

Anita
Anita
Anita
Anita
KKW
KKW
KKW
KKW
KKW
KKW
KKW
KKW
Anita & KKW
KKW
KKW
KKW
KKW

Consultation Hour
Ms. Anita Abu Bakar
Time

Monday

Tuesday

Wednesday

Thursday

Friday

Time

8:00am ~ 8:30am

8:00am ~ 8:30am

8:30am ~ 9:00am

8:30am ~ 9:00am

9:00am ~ 9:30am

9:00am ~ 9:30am

9:30am ~ 10:00am

10:00am ~ 10:30am

EG207/EP205
Thermo/Ther.for Chem.
Eng. (Consultation
Hours)

9:30am ~ 10:00am

## FINAL YEAR PROJECT

(Consultation Hours)

## HYEP (JAN 15)

(Consultation Hours)

10:30am ~ 11:00am

11:00am ~ 11:30am

11:30am ~ 12:00pm

12:00pm ~ 12:30pm

10:00am ~ 10:30am

10:30am ~ 11:00am

EG207/EP 205
Thermodynamics/Ther
modynamics for
Chemical Engineers
(Lecture)

11:00am ~ 11:30am

EG207/EP 205
Thermodynamics/Therm
odynamics for Chemical
Engineers (Lecture)

11:30am ~ 12:00pm

12:00pm ~ 12:30pm

12:30pm ~ 1:00pm

12:30pm ~ 1:00pm

1:00pm ~ 1:30pm

1:00pm ~ 1:30pm

1:30pm ~ 2:00pm

1:30pm ~ 2:00pm

EP315
Heat Transfer
(Consultation Hours) Ms
Anita

2:00pm ~ 2:30pm
2:30pm ~ 3:00pm
3:00pm ~ 3:30pm

EP315
Heat Transfer
(Consultation Hours) Mr. Kow
Kien WO H

3:30pm ~ 4:00pm
4:00pm ~ 4:30pm

5:30pm ~ 6:00pm
6:00pm ~ 6:30pm
6:30pm ~ 7:00pm

EP315
Heat Transfer
(Consultation Hours) Mr. Kow
Kien Wo h

2:30pm ~ 3:00pm

3:00pm ~ 3:30pm

3:30pm ~ 4:00pm

4:00pm ~ 4:30pm

4:30pm ~ 5:00pm

5:00pm ~ 5:30pm

2:00pm ~ 2:30pm

4:30pm ~ 5:00pm

EP 315
Heat Transfer
(Lecture)

EP 315
Heat Transfer
(Lecture)

5:00pm ~ 5:30pm

5:30pm ~ 6:00pm

6:00pm ~ 6:30pm

6:30pm ~ 7:00pm

## LMS ACCESS CODE - EDU.20

ZFKG-WCKB

CLASS REGULATIONS
Participate actively in-class discussions.
Punctuality: every student must observe punctuality in attending
the classes throughout the semester (not more than 15 minutes late
!!!)
Wearing proper attire to class.
Mobile phone switched to silent mode.
Ensure to sign the attendance sheet before leaving the class.
Official announcement / online forum:

LMS
12

ABSENTEEISM
Departments Policy on ABSENTEEISM.
Absenteeism is to be reported immediately to the lecturer.
Absenteeism may be acceptable on medical grounds and if
supporting documents are presented to the lecturer.
Medical certificate (MC) or any supporting documents shall be
submitted to the lecturer within 5 calendar days inclusive of the
lecture day.
Remark: from May 2014 semester onwards, do not accept MC
later than the said date especially for unbarring purpose.
If students are unable to attend the test/midterm exam due to a
medical condition, medical certificate must be submitted to the
lecturer within 5 calendar days inclusive of the internal assessment
day. (Undergraduate Student Handbook, pg. 53)
13

## MEDICAL CERTIFICATE ISSUE

Medical certificates from private clinics and any time off slip are not
acceptable for reasons of absenteeism in internal assessment.
ONLY medical certificate issued by doctor from either a government or
private hospital, government clinic or from UCSI Universitys clinic are
accepted for further decision in replacement of assessment.
Medical Attestation Report is also to be enclosed in this form along with the
original Medical Certificate.
Statements of visiting time / time off slip will not be entertained.
Submission of forged and tampered medical certificates will be referred to
the Disciplinary Board for further action.