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JA N E D O E 1 A ND JAN E D O E 2'S R ESPO N SE IN O PPO SITIO N T O EPSTEIN 'S


M O TIO N FO R A PR O TEC TIV E CO NFID EN TIA LITY O R D ER

COME NOW Jane Doe 1and Jane Doe 2 (also referred to as Gtthe victims'') by and
through undersigned counsel, to file this response in opposition to Epstein's M otion for a

Protective Contidentiality Order(DE 247). Epstein'smotion is a thinly-disguised attemptto

relitigateissuesalreadycoveredbythecourt'searlierrulingelevenmonthsago(DE 188),which
allow ed the victim s to file correspondence relating to Epstein'snon-prosecution agreem entin the

public courtfile. Ratherthan reverse its previous ruling,this Courtshould reaftinn it- and
allow the im portantissuespresented by thiscase to be litigated in the lightofday.
BA C K G RO UN D

Because ofEpstein'spenchantforrelitigating issuesthathave already been decided,itis


necessary to recountthe litigation thathasalready gone on in thiscase regarding confidentiality,
includingtheCourt'sdirectivein DE 188allowing filing ofm aterialsin thepubliccourtfile.
On M arch 21, 2011,the victim s filed what was essentially a M otion For Summ ary

Judgment in this case, explaining why (in their view) the Government had violated its
obligationsunderthe CrimeVictims'RightsActICVRAIto notify them ofcourthearings,to

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conferwiththem regarding pleadiscussions,andto treatthem with fairness. DE 48.Them otion


contained 53 alleged undisputed facts. Som e ofthose facts rested on correspondence between
the prosecutors and Epstein's legaldefense team - correspondence thatthe victim s had received

in 2010 as partof a civilcase against Epstein (hereinafter referred to as the tQ010 plea

correspondence'). Because the victims were aware thatEpstein objected to the use ofthis
correspondence,they filed aredacted copy oftheirpleadinginthe open courtfile- i.e.,a copy in
which thequotationsfrom the2010 correspondencehad been blacked out.They simultaneously
filed a m otion to use that conrspondence in this case and to place an unredacted copy of the

summaryjudgmentmotion andattachedcorrespondenceintheopen courtfile.DE 51.OnApril


7,2011,the Governm enttiled a partialopposition to the victim s'm otion. DE 60. On M ay 2,

2011,thevictims'replied to thisresponse DE 74.


M eanwhile,on April7,2011,tllree ofEpstein'scrim inaldefense attorneys- Roy Black,
Jay Letkowitz,and M artin W einberg - filed am otion to intenrene in thiscaseforthe purpose of
challenging the victims'm otion to use the correspondence and to place an unredaded copy of

the summary judgmentmotion and attached correspondence in the courtfile. DE 56 at4


(challengingvictims'motion,DE 51). On M ay2,2011,thevictimsresponded in oppositionto
the m otion to intervene. D E 78. On M ay 2,2011,the three defense attorneys replied in support
oftheir intervention m otion. DE 80.
On A ugust 12, 2011, this Court held a hearing on the various pending m otions, and

during the hearing raised variousquestionsaboutwhetherthe defense attorneyswere the proper


intervenorson issuesofconfidentiality. Shortly afterthehearing,on Septem ber2,2011,Epstein

tsled a motion for limited intervention on issues relating to a protective order for the
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correspondence.DE 93. H is pleading included,as Exhibit 1,a proposed m otion fora protective
order regarding the correspondence thathe intended to tile if granted leave to intervene. DE 93,

Exhibit1.On September16,2011,thevictimsfiledaresponseinobjectiontoEpstein'smotion.
DE 96;the Governm entresponded asw ell. D E 98.

On September26,2011,theCourtentered an orderallowing discovery to m ove fonvard


in the case. DE 99. In Septem berand October,furtherbriefing continued on the intervention
m otions. DE 100,106,108,115.

On M arch 29,2013,thisCourtgranted both them otion to intervene filed by Epstein and


the m otion to intervene filed by Epstein's three defense attorneys. DE 158, DE 159.

Accordingly,on April17,2012,Epstein and histhree defense attorneysboth filed m otionsfora


protective order. D E 161,162. The victim s responded in opposition.D E 167. Epstein and his
attonw ysreplied. D E 169.
On June 18,2013,the Courtsided w ith the victim s on a11the confidentiality issues. D E

188. The Courtexpressly rejected a11ofthe argumentsby Epstein and hisattomeysfornot


releasing the coa espondence publicly. The Courtbegan;ttA tthe outset,the courtobserves that

the intervenors'privilege objectionsto publicrelease ofthe correspondence in question were


previouslyrejectedbyM agistrateJudgeLilmeaJolmsoninadiscoveryorderenteredinaparallel
civillaw suit....'' D E 188 at3. The Courtsaw no reason to revisit''thatruling. 1d.at4. The

Courtthenrejected alloftheintervenors'tprivilege''argumentsaboutwhy the materialswere


confidential. TheCourtconcluded thatthem aterialsshould no long bekeptunderseal:

Accordingly,the courtrejectstheprivilegesasserted by intervenorsasbasesfor


m aintaining the correspondence and related pleadings incorporating the
correspondence under seal in this proceeding. Finding the asserted privileges

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inapplicable,the courtfinds no legitim ate com pelling interestw hich w arrantsthe


continued suppression of this evidentiary m aterial under seal in this proceeding.

Seegenerally United States v.Ochoa-vasquez,428 F.3d 1015 (11th Cir.2005)


(reversing ordersealing documentin dl'
ug trafficking conspiracy prosecution in
order to protect cooperating defendants and confidential inform ants where
unsupported by record finding to rebut presllm ption of opelm ess of court

proceedings), and shall therefore grant petitioners' motion to unseal the


convspondence. W hilethe courtshallalso grantthe petitioners'm otion to use the
evidence as proof of alleged CVIIA violations to the extent it shall allow
petitionersto profferthe evidence in supportoftheirCVRA claim s,thisorderis
not intended to operate as a nzling on the relevance or admissibility of any
particularpiece ofcorrespondence,a m atterexpressly reserved fordetermination
atthe tim e offinaldisposition.

DE l88 at 9-10. The Court then entered the language that is central to this notice: i-l-he

(victimsjare directed to file unredacted pleadings,including attached correspondence,in the

opencourthle.However,beforeplacingthematerialsinthecourtfile,petitionersaredirectedto
carefully review each page of the correspondence in question and to gmake appropriate
redactionsforvictim namesand otheridentifying informationl....The petitioners shallfile
unredacted pleadings in the court file in conformity with the above prescriptions within

TW ENTY (20)DAYSfrom thedateofentryofthisorder.DE 188at10(enteredJune 18,2013)


(emphasisadded). On thesameday,the CourtdeniedtheGovernment'smotion to dismissthe
case and directed thatdiscovery proceed. D E 189.
Epstein and his attorneys quickly soughta stay of the ruling from this Court. DE 193.

They also filed noticesofappealwith the Eleventh Circuit. On July 8,2013,the Courtdenied
the request for a stay,but granted a tem porary stay to allow the Eleventh Circuitto review the

issue. DE 206. On Septem ber23,2013,the Eleventh Circuitentered a stay pending itsreview


ofthe matter. Following briefing and argum ent,on April18,2014,the Eleventh Circuitruled in
favorofthe victims,affirmed thisCourt'sdecision,and simultaneously lifted itsstay.JaneDoe
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No.1 v. United States,---F.3d---,2014 W L 1509015,N o.13-12923 at23. The Circuitexplained

thatGtlajlthough plea negotiationsarevitalto the functioning ofthe criminaljustice system,a


prosecutorand targetofacriminalinvestigation do notenjoy a relationship ofconfidence and
trustwhen they negotiate.Theiradversarialrelationship,unlike the confdentialrelationship ofa

doctor and patient or attorney and client, warrants no (newl privilege


Slip op.at21-22.
On A pril24,2014,Epstein and his attorneys soughta stay ofthe Eleventh Circuit's order
pending review of a petition for rehearing en banc. The nextday,the Eleventh Circuit denied
thatstay.
On M ay 2, 2014, the U .S. A ttorney's O ftk e provided 541 pages of correspondence

betw een prosecutors and Epstein's defense attom eys that lead up to Epstein's non-prosecution

agreement(hereinafterreferredtoasthe:12014 correspondence'l.l
Thatsam e day,Epstein filed a m otion for a protective orderover the correspondence.D E

247. Epstein specitically m oved the Courtto restrictdissem ination ofthe snme materialsthat
this Courtand the Eleventh Circuit had both found to be non-confidential. Epstein asked the
Courtto enter'
.

a Protective Confidentially Orderwhich (1)limitsthe dissemination ofcertain


ContidentialDiscoveryMaterial(:CDM '')describedbelow,toadesignatedlistof
thePlaintiffs'counseland supportstaff,and (2)prohibitsany party from filing
pleadings, bdefs, m em orandum s or exhibits purporting to reproduce, quote,

1The Governmenthasfailed to produce a signitk antam ountofthe correspondence that


the Court had directed it to produce. These failures do not involve isolated pieces of
correspondence, but rather entire substantial categories. The victim s have requested this
additional inform ation from the Governm ent and have been told,in essence,that it is being
compiled. Thevictim sarepreparing an appropriatem otion to bring thesefailuresto the Court's
attention and to requestappropriaterem edialaction.
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paraphrase orsllm m arize any CD M or portions thereof,absentleave ofthe Court


to iile the docum entorportion thereof under sealin accordance w ith LocalRules
oftheUnited StatesDistrictCourtfortheSouthern DistrictofFlorida.

DE

at

The alleged tconfidential Discovery M aterial'' included the sam e

correspondencethatwasatissuein DE 188. See DE 247,Exhibit1(proposingthattheCourt


enter a protective order regarding lall correspondence between the United States Attonwy's

OfficeandtheIntervenors...thatwasthe subjectoftheCourt'sOrderofJune 18,2013 (Doc.

188)....'').Epstein'snew motiondoesnotdiscusstheCourt'searlier(June18,2013)direction
to the victimsto filetmredacted pleadingstand accompanying material)in the open courtfile.
That sam e day, Epstein's counsel sent an e-m ail to victim s counsel stating that Epstein

Ewould askthatyou awaitarulingpriorto anydissem ination.''

OnM ay 6,2014,thevictimsEledanoticeofintentto comply with Court'searlier(June


18)direction to fileunredactedcopiesofthepleadingsin thefile.Thevictimsexplainedthatin

lightofthelengthyproceduralhistoryjustrecounted,Galzd to avoid any confusion,the victims


wanted to give notice thaton M ay 8,2014,they intend to com ply w ith the Court's Jtm e 18,2013,
directive.'' D E 248.

Thenextday,on M ay 7,2014,the Courtentered an orderregarding thenoticeofintentto


com ply'
.

On April18,2014,the Eleventh Circuitaftirmed severalordersofthisCourt,and


lifted the stay it had im posed in relation to one of the orders. How ever, no
mandate has been issued thus far. Accordingly,petitioners should not comply
with the Order Granting Petitioners' M otion to Proffer Govenunent
Correspondence in Support of CVRA Claim s & Granting M otion to Unseal

Correspondenceand RelatedUnredacted PleadingsofPetitioners(DE 188)until


furtherorderofthisCourt.
D E 249 at 1.
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The CA II hasnotyetissued its m andate.


A R G U M EN T
1.

IT IS A LREA DY TH E GLA W O F TH E CA SE M TH AT M A TER IA L R ELA TIN G


TO TH E N O N -PR O SEC U TIO N A G R EEM EN T CA N BE PR O FFER ED BY T H E
VICTIM S IN PUB LIC CO UR T FILIN G S.

IftheCourthasasenseofdjvuin reviewingEpstein'smotion foraprotectiveorder,it

isbecausethe Courthasalready looked atthe same arguments- and rejected them. Asthe
foregoing history m akesclear,the victim s previously m oved forleave to use the correspondence

to proveviolation ofthenon-prosecution agreement. And theCourtagreed,subjectonlyto the


reservation thatthe Courtwould determ ine the actualrelevance atthe appropriate hearing:

Accordingly,the courtrejectstheprivilegesasserted by intervenorsasbasesfor


maintaining the correspondence and related pleadings incorporating the
correspondence tmder seal in this proceeding.Finding the asserted privileges

inapplicable,thecourthndsno legitimatecompelling interestwhichwarrantsthe


continuedsuppressionofthisevidentiary materialundersealin thisproceeding..

le the courtshallalso grantthe petitioners' m otion to use the evidence as


. . W hi
proofofalleged CVRA violationsto theextentitshallallow petitionersto proffer
the evidence in support of their CV RA claim s, this order is not intended to
operate as a ruling on the relevance or adm issibility of any particular piece of
correspondence,a m atterexpressly reserved fordeterm ination atthe tim e oftinal
disposition.

DE 188at9-10(emphasisadded).Accordingly,theissuehasalreadybeen settledonce- andthe

Courtshould notrevisitit. See United States v.Stinson,97 F.3d 466,469 (11th Cir.1996)
(discussinglaw ofthecasedoctrinel;seealsoSinghv.George Washington Univ.,383F.Supp.2d

99,101 (D.D.C.2009)(internalquotation omitted)(twherelitigantshaveoncebattled forthe


court'sdecision,they should neitherbe required,norwithoutgood reason perm itted,to battle for

-tagain.'').
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Itisthe 1aw ofthe case thatthe victim s can ttuse the evidence as proof ofalleged CV R A
violations''and thatthere is Gno legitim ate com pelling interest''supporting sealing the m aterial.z

Epsteindoesnotevendiscussthispriorruling.Thatisreasonenoughtorejecthismotion.
II.

EPSTEIN 'S PRO PO SED PR O TE CTIV E O R D ER W O UL D PR EV EN T TH E


PUBLIC FR O M LEA R M N G A BO U T M A TTER S O F C O N SID ER ABLE PU BLIC
CO N CER N .

Even ifthe Courtw ere inclined to revisitthe issue,itshould reach the sam e conclusion it

reached earlier:the victimspleadingsin thiscase should generally beplaced in the public court
file.3 Itis importantto understand the breadth ofthe protective orderthatEpstein is seeking.
Epstein pretends that his proposed order is a narrow one m erely lim iting the public access to
discovery - citing various cases about w hether the public can dem and to have access to
discovery produced in civilorcrim inalcases. DE 247 at6-7. Butthe protective order Epstein

seeksto haveentered extendsfarm orebroadly and appearsto be specifcally designed to prevent


the public from learning about the victim s argtlm ents in this case. In particular, Epstein's
proposed orderprovides thatentire tdoctlm ents''m ustbe sealed ifthey contain any reference to

thepleacorrespondenceorotheralleged confidential''m aterial:

ln theeventthat(avictimlintendstofile (pleacorrespondencelwith thecourtin


supportof...anon-discoverymotion(e.g.,motionforsummaryjudgmentorany
otherdispositive or substantive motion),the filing party shalltake appropriate
2 To be precise, itisactually the law offwt?casesthatthe m aterialcan be released. See

DE 188at3(Attheoutset,thecotu'tobservesthattheintervenors'privilegeobjectionstopublic
releaseofthecorrespondence in question werepreviously rejected by M agistrateJudgeLinnea
Jolmsoninadiscoveryorderenteredin aparallelcivillawsuit....'').

3 The victim snote thattheirpleadingsshould tgenerally''be placed in the public court


tile,because there are few, specialized pieces of information that should be redacted before

public filing - such asthenamesofsexualassaultvictims,grandjury infonnation,and private


telephonenumbers.Thevictim sintend toperform such redactions,so those issuesarenotraised
by Epstein'smotion foraprotectiveorder.
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action to insure that the documents receive proper protection #om public
disclosure and shall seek leave of Court to file the docum ent under seal in
accordance with localrules.

DE 247-1at5(emphasesadded).
ln light of his request for sealing of tdocum ents,''if the Courtw ere to grant Epstein's

motion,the neteffect would be to essentially have the significant and critical parts of this
litigation carried on in secret. Forexample,the public would be denied accessto the victim s'

summaly judgmentmotion - a ttdocument''thatwillrely heavily on the correspondence and


whichwilldemonstrate(thevictimsbelieve)acarefully orchestratedplanby Epstein tokeep his
non-prosecution agreement hidden from the victim s and,more broadly the public. lndeed,it

seemsclearthatthemajorityofdocumentsfiled inthiscasebythevidimsin thefuturewillrely


to some extenton the underlying correspondence. IfEpstein'smotion isgranted,the docketin
thecase willessentially becom eablack hole.

ltisa fundamentalpremise ofAmerican criminaljustice thatthe public isentitled to


know whathappensin a criminalcase. The Supreme Courthas repeatedly held thatltlhe

knowledgethatevery criminaltrialissubjecttocontemporaneousreview intheforum ofpublic


opinionisaneffectiverestraintonpossibleabuseofjudicialpower....''RichmondNewspapers,
Inc., 448 U.S.555, 596 (1980) (internal quotation omitted). An open criminal process
assurels)the publicthatproceduralrightsare respected,and thatjustice isafforded equally,''

whileontheotherhand sentencing withoutthepublicpresentEbreedgs)suspicion ofprejudice


and arbitrariness,which in ttlrlz spawns disrespectfor lam ''In re HearstNewspapers,L.L.C.,

641F.3d 168,177(5th Cir.2011(quotingRichmond Newspapers,Inc.,448U.S.at595). There


isalso a well-recognized 'community therapeutic value'to having an open proceeding,because
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ofthe concerns and em otions ofmem bers ofthe public who have been affeded by a crim e or
crim es.''RichmondNewspapers,Inc.,448 U.S.at570.
ln light of this strong interest in public access to crim inalproceedings,the Eleventh
Circuit has instructed that the district courts m ust m ake substantial findings before sealing

records in criminalcases before it.For instance,in United States v.Ochoa-vasque,428 F.3d

1015 (11thcir.2005),the Eleventh Circuitreversed an orderfrom this Courtthathad sealed


pleadings in a crim inal case, em phasizing the im portance of the public's historic First

Amendment right of access to the courts.To justify sealing,Gta courtmust articulate the
oveniding interest along with findings specific enough that a reviewing cottrtcan determine
whether the closure orderw asproperly entered.'' 1d.at1030.
H ere there isno oveniding interestin keeping the pleadings secret.To the contrary,there

is an overriding interestin having these m atters exposed to public light. There isconsiderable
public interestin the question ofhow a serialchild molester could arrange such a lenientplea

agreem entwith the U.S.Attorney'sOftice. And,m ore im portantly,there isgreatpublic interest


in how he could have received immunity fora multitude of sex crimeswhile hisvictims were
underthe m istaken beliefthathe was being prosecuted the way any otherperson would have
been. There haslong been suspicion thatJeffrey Epstein was receiving favorable treatm entin
the criminal investigation because of his wealth and power. See, e.g., Abby Goodnough,

Questions of PreferentialTreatmentAre Raised in Florida Sex Case,N.Y.TIMES,Sept.3,


2006,at19 (notingquestionsthatthepublichad been leftttto wonderwhetherthesystem tilted
in favorofa wealthy,well-colm ected alleged perpetratorand againstvery young girlswho are

alleged victimsof sex crimes'). Indeed,the interestin the matterisstrong enough thatthe
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widely-viewed televisionprogram ftzw and Order:SpecialVictim Unitdevoted an episode to the


case, suggesting in its plot that federal government had intervened improperly to prevent

effective prosecution.See Law & Order Commemorates Jcf//-e.v Epstein's Taste for Teen
Hookers,

http://gawker.coe #ls7slog4/law--order-commemorates-jeffrey-epsteins-taste-for-

teen-hookers.
The public interest in this case also relates to Epstein's political and Enancial
connections. Forexample,theFinancialTimes reported on July 21,2011,thattprince Andrew

istostepdown asBritain'sspecialrepresentativefortradeandinvestment,justfivemonthsafter
being atthe centre of a m edia tirestonn over his links to Jeffrey Epstein a US businessm an
convicted

of

sex

offences.''

http://-

.R.co* cms/s/0/78dba2c2-b383-11e0-b56c-

ool44feabdco.html#u zz3lRjGpH6l. The American media, too,has commented on these


relations. See,e.g.,JoseLambiet,Prince'
sFriendship with Pedophile CausesFurorAcross the
Pond,PALM BEACH POST,M ar.9,20l1,at2B.
In light of al1 this interest, it appears that Epstein's m otivation in keeping entire

ttdocum ents'' sealed is to block the public from learning about what happened during the
investigation of his crim es,rather than any legitim ate purpose. The Courtshould not prevent

public scrutiny ofthis case by departing from its norm alrules and placing criticaldocum ents
tm derseal.
111.

EPSTEIN H A S FA ILED TO ESTA BL ISH EITH ER A LEG A L BA SIS O R


FA CTU AL RG O O D CA U SE''FO R A PR O TEC TIV E O R DER .

Epstein claim sthathecan establish som esortoftgood cause''foraprotective order. But


hisargum entson thispointlack alegalbasisand arefactually far-fetched.
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W ith regard to the legalbasisforhis motion,Epstein citesRule 26(c)ofthe Federal


Rules of Civil Procedure. D E 247 at 1. But that rule has absolutely no bearing on the

correspondenceatissue. Rule26(c)applies,byitsplain terms,to tilaqpartyoranypesonkom


whom discovery is soughtm ay m ove fora protective order....'' Fed.R.Civ.P.26(c)(emphasis

added). Epstein has not been asked to produce any correspondence. Rather,the victim s'
discovery request has been directed to the U .S.A ttorney's O ffice for the Southern D istrict of

Florida. And itwasthatOftice thatproduced the correspondence. This factsimply highlights


the non-confidentialnature ofthe correspondence. lf Epstein did notwantsom ething revealed,

then he should have told his attorneys to keep it out of their correspondence sent to the
prosecutors.

W ith regard to the factual basis for his m otion, Epstein contends that his defense
attonwys' llengthy arguments m ay or may not have had any intluence on the government's
decision making and,therefore,their relevance is particularly remote.'' DE 247-7. Butthe
victim s have argued precisely the contrary. For exnmple,the victims' summary judgment
m otion alleges that Epstein's defense attorneys insisted on, and obtained,a confidentiality

provision in thenon-prosecution agreem entthatblocked discloslzreofitto thevictims. DE 48at


The motion also alleges that because of pressure from Epstein's defense attorneys,the

Govem mentstopped makingvictim notifications.ld at13. In shozt whatthe defenseattorneys


and prosecutors discussed and agreed to lies atthe heartofthis case.

The2014 correspondencethatthevictimshavejustreceivedmakesclear(in theirview)


thattheirallegations are well-founded. By way ofexample,here are a few excerpts from the

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correspondence w here M r.Epstein's attorneys urged the U nited States A ttorney's office against
notifying the victim s -an effortthatw asultim ately successful:

Jay Lelkowitz,on behalfofJeffrey Epstein,wrote to Alex A costa on October 10,2007:


ltc om m unication to ldentified Individuals-''il...N either federal agents nor anyone from your

Oftk e should contact the identitied victim s to inform them of the resolution of the case,
including appointm entoftheattorney representative and the settlementprocess.Notonly would
thatviolate the confidentiality of the A greem ent,butM r.Epstein also w illhave no controlover
w hat is com m unicated to the identified individuals atthis m ost critical stage. W e believe it is
essentialthat w e participate in crafting a m utually acceptable com m unication to the identified
individuals.''
In another letter from Jay Lefkowitz to Alex Acosta,this one dated N ovem ber 29,2007,

he writes,ttMbre fundamentally,we don'tunderstand the basisforyourOftk e's beliefthatitis


appropriate forany letterto be sentto these individuals atthis stage - before M r.Epstein has

eitherentered a plea orbeen sentenced. W e respectfully disagree with yourview thatyou are
required to notify the alleged victim s pursuantto the Justice for A 1lA ct of2004.'' Later in that
snm e letter, Letkow itz addresses the U nited States A ttorney's O ftice's suggestion that the

victim s should have the rightto be heard atany plea or sentencing,and in response he m ites,
E
. ..

encouraging these individuals to participate in the state sentencing w ill have the effect of

creating a m edia frenzy that w ill stlrely im pact the sentence M r. Epstein received - precisely
w hatyourO ffice prom ised to avoid.''

Continuing to lobby the United StatesAttorney'sOffice againstinvolving the victim sin


theprocess,in a December 11,2007 letterto Acosta,Letkowitz wrote,IIC.RightoftheAlleged
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Victim s to be Notified: As we have expressed to you previously,we do notagree with your


O ftice's assertion that it is either an obligation and even appropriate for the U SA O to send a

victim notificationletterto theallegedvictims.''Hecontinues,GtYourinterpretation ofj3771is


erroneousbecause thezightsconferred by statuteindicatethatthese rightsare forthenotifkation

and appearance atpublic proceedingsinvolving the crim e forwhich the relevantindividualisa


victim . A syou know ,the public proceeding in thismatterwillbe in state courtforthe purpose

oftheentry ofa plea on statecharges. Therefore,18 U.S.C.j3771 clearly doesnotapply to


victim s''who are notstate ltvictim s.''''
On D ecem ber 26, 2007, Letkowitz sent a lengthy letter to A costa, in relevant part,
explaining,llhe A ttorney GeneralGuidelines caution federalprosecutors from providing notice

to potentialwitnesses in instances where such notice could com promise the defendant's due
process rights. This is particularly tnle,as here,if the notice includes confidentialinform ation,

including the conditionsofthe confidentialdeferred-prosecution agreementornon-prosecution


agreem ent. In light of these concem s,we respectfully request that you reconsider sending

noticestotheallegedvictimspursuantto j3771.''
In addition to providing insightinto the efforts ofthe defense attorneys to exclude the
victim s from the processentirely,there isalso extensive communication regarding the extreme
effortstaken to preventthepublic from learning ofthe plea as well. In fact,on Septem ber24,
2007,Lefkowitz sentan emailto theUnited StatesAttorney'sOffice with a one-linem essage tpleasedo whateveryou cantokeep thisfrom becom ing public.''

It seems Epstein's motives in his motion for protective order remain the same as they
were during hisnegotiation with the Government- preventthe public from knowing whatthey,
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in concertw ith the govelmm ent,successfully prevented the victim s and the public from know ing

thefirsttim e. In an effortto show some sortofgood causeforhisorder,Epstein allegesthatthe


victim s' counselhave m ade linflam m atory statem ents''aboutthe case. D E 247 at 8. But the

illustrationsthatEpstein providesdo notshow statem entsm adeto inllam e,butratherstatem ents


made to inform . FOr example, Epstein com plains about the m edia lquoting''the victim s'
pleadings or about victims' cotm sel hoping that the case w ill llinspire'' victim s to report
sex offenses. DE 247 at8-9. These are notim proper statem ents. To the extentthey related to

Epstein, they sim ply provide information to the public about what is happening in this
com plicated proceeding - arld sim ply sllm m arize public record m aterials.Indeed,the new spaper

articlesthatEpstein attachesshow many quotationsfrom Epstein'sdefense attorneysdiscussing


the case aswell. The statementsmade by both victim scounseland defense counselare proper,
because the Rules of Professional Conduct plainly allow discussion with the m edia about

linfonnationcontainedin apublicrecord.''ABA R.Prof.Conduct3.6(a)(2).


Epstein also complains about his name being Gdragged through the m etaphoricalmud

before ajuly hasmade any determination ofwrongdoing.'' DE 247 at 12 (internalquotation


omitted). Butin thiscase,Epstein hasalready admitted wrongdoing''- by entering a plea
agreem ent to state sex felonies and then securing a non-prosecution agreem ent to resolve his

criminalexposurefordozensofothersex offenses(atleastinthisjudicialdistrict). Partofthat


plea agreem ent required him to register as a sex offender. H e currently appears in the Florida

sex offender registry. See hlp://offender.fdle.state.i.us/offender/fyer.do?personld=6z76z.


W hatEpstein isreally complaining aboutisnotthepublicity associated with thevictim s'CVRA

lawsuit,butratherthefactofthevictims'lawsuit. Having used hisvastresotzrcesto securea


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Case 9:08-cv-80736-KAM Document 251 Entered on FLSD Docket 05/16/2014 Page 16 of 20

favorable plea agreem ent,Epstein does notw ant anyone to be able to publicly suggestthatthis

plea agreem entwastmduly lenientand keptsecretfrom victim s who m ighthave been able to

objectand block it.Butthatiswhatthevictimshavealleged,indetail,intheirpleadingstothis


Court- and the evidence in supportoftheirallegationsis continuously mounting,as the 2014

correspondence abundantly suggests. There is no ltgood cause'' for keeping the victim s'
allegations- and theirsupporting evidence- shrouded in secrecy underaprotective order.
1V . TH E PR O TEC TIV E O RD ER TH A T EPSTEIN PR O PO SES W O UL D PR O D U CE
C O N SIDER AB LE U ND ERTA INTY A ND FO LLO W -O N LITIG A TIO N .

In addition to blocking public accessto information aboutthis case,Epstein'sproposed


protective orderis so nmbiguously drafted thatitwould spawn al1sorts offollow-on litigation.
lndeed,counselfor the victim s w onder whether that is Epstein's goal:to divertthe tim e and

attention ofthe victims tand the Court)away from the meritsof the case and into satellite
litigation aboutcompliancewith theprotectiveorder.

Thepotentialambiguitiestheprotective would create arelegion. W e listjusta few of


them hereto illustratetheproblems.
Forstarter,theproposed protective ordercontains allsortsofboilerplate language about

thetparties''tothecasehavingto comply. See,e.g.,DE 247-1at3,5 5(v)(b)(W 1lpartiesand


theirrespective cotmsel...shalltake allstepsreasonably necessary to preventdiscloslzre ofthe

(correspondencej....'')(emphasisadded).Andyet,Epsteinisnotalparty''tothiscase.Heisa
tlim ited intervenor-'' The extentto which the term s ofthe agreem entapply to an intervenor is

tmcertain.

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Case 9:08-cv-80736-KAM Document 251 Entered on FLSD Docket 05/16/2014 Page 17 of 20

The next problem is that the proposed order applies to tEcorrespondence betw een the

United StatesAttorney'sOftkeandthelntervenors.'' DE 247-1at3,! 1. lfwetmderstandthe


the current posttlre of this case correctly, the tilntervenors'' who would have protected
correspondence are only three persons:Jeffrey Epstein,R oy Black,and M artin W einberg. See

DE 247 (describing theintervenorsasEpstein,Black,and W einberg). Butthevastbulk ofthe


correspondence wasnotgenerated by these threepeople. Ofcotlrse,noneofthe correspondence
bearsEpstein'snam eon it.And asforattorneysBlack and W einberg,they appearto have been

involved in atinyfraction ofthecorrespondence (ifany).Thevastbulk ofthecorrespondence


wasdrafted by otherattorneys,including Kenneth W .Stam Jay P.Letkowitz,Gerald P Lefcourq
Alan Dershowitz,Joe D.W hitley,Stephanie D.Thacker,and Lilly AM Sanchez. ltisnotclear

whetherthemotion isdesignedto coverthesepersonsand,ifso,whatstanding Roy Black (for


instance)wouldhavetobelitigatingissuespertainingto,forexample,correspondencewrittenby
Kenneth W .Starr.
The protective order willalso create delay and questions about briefing schedules. The

protectiveorderpurportsto establish aneed foracourthearing every time apleading isfled that


toucheson icontidential''material. In fact,itseem sto operate to toll''briefing on substantive

questions. See DE 247-1 at3,! 12(b)(aherfiling ofpleading with protected material,the

tumotion tiling and brieting schedule shallbe a4iusted and tolled to provide sufticienttimefor
theCourtto considerand rule on themotion seeking pennission to tslethedocumentts)under

Sea1.'').
A1ltheseambiguitiesare sureto createabundantlitigation- asajustaquickperusalof
Epstein'slitigation tacticsin thiscase in the pastwillattest. A nd to whatend? Both thisCourt
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Case 9:08-cv-80736-KAM Document 251 Entered on FLSD Docket 05/16/2014 Page 18 of 20

and the 11th Circuit have rejected Epstein's argtunents that the correspondence somehow
contains any ttconfidential''m aterial. See,e.g.,In re Roy Black etal.,N o.13-12923,slip op.at

20(April18,2014)(-l-heconjunctivepoweroftlzreefalseclaimsofprivilege(by Epsteinjdoes
notrescuethecorrespondencefrom disclosure.''). No confidentialrelationship existsbetween
prosecutors and defense adorneys. There is simply no reason for the Courtto departfrom its
ordinary rules and the 1aw ofthe case.

To be clear,the victim s are notseeking to sim ply release the discovery in this case to
anyone thatthey w ant. Instead,a1lthatthe victim s ask is to be able to litigate their case in the

ordinary,public fashion thatthe Courtfollows for vastmajority ofits cases;by filing their
pleadingsin the open courtfile.
C O N C LU SIO N

TheCourtshoulddenyEpstein'smotionforaprotectiveorder(DE 247).
DA TED :M ay 16.2014

Respectfully Subm itted,

/s/Bradlev J.Edwards
Bradley J.Edw ards
FA RM ER ,JA FFE,W EISSIN G ,
EDW ARDS,FISTOS & LEHRM AN,P.L.
425North AndrewsAvenue,Suite2
FortLauderdale,Florida33301

Telephone(954)524-2820
Facsimile(954)524-2822
E-mail:brad@pathtojustice.com
and
PaulG.Cassell
Pro H ac Vice

S.J.QuinneyCollegeofLaw atthe
18

Case 9:08-cv-80736-KAM Document 251 Entered on FLSD Docket 05/16/2014 Page 19 of 20

University ofU tah


332 S.1400 E.
SaltLake City,U T 84112
Telephone:801-585-5202
Facsim ile:801-585-6833
E - Mai
l:cassellp@ law.utah.edu4

Attorneys/JrJane :7/, 1 Ja# Jane :7/c J

4The daytime business address indicated above is for identification purposes and does
notimply institutionalendorsementby the University ofUtah ofthe legalpositionsadvanced in
thispleading.
19

Case 9:08-cv-80736-KAM Document 251 Entered on FLSD Docket 05/16/2014 Page 20 of 20

CER TIFIC AT E O F SERV ICE

lcertify thatthe foregoing docum entwas sen'ed on M ay 16,2014,on the following using
the Court's CW ECF system :
DexterLee
A .M arie V illafaha
500 S.A ustralian A ve.,Suite 400
W estPalm Beach,FL 33401

(561)820-8711
Fax:(561)820-8777
E-mail:Dexter.laee@usdoj.gov
E-mail:aM .mrie.c.villafana@usdoj.gov

AttorneysfortheGovernment
Roy Black,Esq.
Jackie Perczek,Esq.
Black,Srebnick,Kornspan & Stum pf,P.A .
201 South B iscayne Boulevard,Suite 1300
M inm i,FL 33131

Email:pleading@royblack.com
(305)37106421
Jay P.Letkowitz
K irkland & Ellis,LLP
601 Lexington A venue
N ew Y ork,N Y 10022

Email:letkowitz@kirkland.com
(212)446-4970
M artin G .W einberg,P.C .
20 Park Plaza,Suite 1000
Boston,M A 02116

Email:owlmgw@ att.net
(617)338-9538
CriminalDefenseCounselforAf/'cy Epstein
IsIBradley J.Edwards
20