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ISSN 1977-4559

EU

energy
in figures

Statistical
pocketbook
2013

Energy

E U E N E R G Y i n f i gure s p o c k e t b o o k 20 1 3

This publication does not involve the European Commission in liability of any kind.

Introduction
The energy sector is one of the pillars of growth, competitiveness and
development in modern economies. To keep up with the ongoing transformation of the energy sector in Europe we need to have a continuous supply
of accurate and up-to-date data.
This publication provides an overview of the most relevant annual energyrelated statistics for the European Union as a whole and for each of its
Member States (as of June 2013*).
The data contained in this pocketbook is drawn from several sources; the
European Commissions services; international organisations, such as the
European Environment Agency and the International Energy Agency and,
where no data is currently available, from the European Commissions estimations. The indicator calculations follow the methodology established
by the European Commission - DG Energy.

Europe Direct is a service to help you find answers


to your questions about the European Union.
Freephone number (*):

0080067891011
(*) The information given is free, as are most calls
(though some operators, phone boxes or hotels may charge you).

The publication is divided into five parts:


Part 1. Energy sector at world and EU level, including main policy indicators.
Part 2. Main energy indicators, at EU and Member States level.
Part 3. Socio-economic indicators in the EU.
Part 4. Impact of the energy sector on the environment.
Part 5. Main energy indicators on a country-integrated view.
This publication was produced using the most recent statistics available.
However, as statistics are constantly being updated, corrections and updates
will be disseminated. This will take place exclusively via the Country Statistics
page at: http://ec.europa.eu/energy/observatory/countries/countries_en.htm.
Recommended sources of data:
European Commission websites:
DG Energy
Pocketbook: http://ec.europa.eu/energy/observatory/statistics/statistics_en.htm
Country statistics: http://ec.europa.eu/energy/observatory/countries/countries_en.htm
Market observatory: http://ec.europa.eu/energy/observatory/index_en.htm

More information on the European Union is available on the Internet


(http://europa.eu).

Eurostat
Eurobase: http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page/portal/statistics/search_database

Cataloguing data can be found at the end of this publication.

DG Taxation and Customs Union


Online databases: http://ec.europa.eu/taxation_customs/common/databases/index_en.htm

Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union, 2013

DG Economic and Financial Affairs


AMECO: http://ec.europa.eu/economy_finance/db_indicators/ameco/index_en.htm

ISBN 978-92-79-30194-0
doi:10.2833/15026
European Union, 2013
Reproduction is authorised provided the source is acknowledged.
P. 29: Zoonar/ Thinkstock
Other photos: iStockphoto/Thinkstock

Websites of other organisations:


European Environment Agency
Data and maps: http://www.eea.europa.eu/
International Energy Agency
Statistics and balances: http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp
Comments on this publication and suggestions for improvement are most welcome, and
may be sent to ener-emos@ec.europa.eu, with the keyword Pocketbook as subject.

Printed in Belgium
P rinted on elemental chlorine - free bleached paper (ECF)

* Before Croatias accession to the EU

E U E N E R G Y i n f i gure s p o c k e t b o o k 2013

2.3.3. Import Dependency Petroleum and Products  67


2.3.4. Import Dependency Crude and NGL  68
2.3.5. Import Dependency Natural Gas  69

Summary
Part 1 Overview
1.1.

Energy in the World (Overview) 


1.1.1. World Energy Production by Region 
1.1.2. World Energy Production by Fuel 
1.1.3. World Gross Inland Consumption 
1.1.4. World Final Energy Consumption 
1.1.5. World Electricity Generation 
1.1.6. World Heat Generation 
1.1.7. World CO 2 Emissions 
1.1.8. World CO 2 Intensity 

10
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17

1.2. Energy in the EU (Overview) 


1.2.1. EU Energy Flow in 1995 
1.2.2. EU Energy Flow in 2011 
1.2.3. EU-27 Gross Inland Consumption 
1.2.4. EU-27 Energy Import Dependency 
1.2.5. EU-27 Imports by Country of Origin 

18
18
19
20
22
24

1.3.

EU 2020 Targets  25
1.3.1. Renewable Energy  25
1.3.2. GHG Emissions  27

Part 2
2.1.

Energy in the EU

Energy Supply 
2.1.1. Production 
2.1.2. Net Imports 
2.1.3. Gross Inland Consumption 

33
33
36
39

2.2. Imports  43
2.2.1. Imports Solid Fuels  43
2.2.2. Imports Petroleum and Products  48
2.2.3. Imports Gases  53
2.2.4. Imports Electricity  57
2.2.5. Imports (by Country of Origin)  61
2.3.

E U E N E R G Y i n f i gure s p o c k e t b o o k 20 1 3

Energy Import Dependency  64


2.3.1. Import Dependency All Fuels  64
2.3.2. Import Dependency Hard Coal  66

2.4.

Final Energy 
2.4.1. Available for Final Consumption 
2.4.2. Final Energy Consumption 
2.4.3. Final Non-Energy Consumption 
2.4.4. Primary Energy Intensity 

2.5. Electricity 
2.5.1. Installed Electricity Capacity 
2.5.2. Gross Electricity Generation 
2.5.3. Market Share of the Largest Producer 

70
70
71
75
76
77
77
80
85

2.6. Intermittent Energy  86


2.6.1. Cumulative Capacity  86
2.7.

Wind Energy  88
2.7.1. Cumulative Installed Capacity  88
2.7.2. Annual Installed Capacity  90
2.7.3. Gross Electricity Production  91
2.7.4. Average Capacity Factor  93

2.8. CHP 
2.8.1. CHP Electricity 
2.8.2. CHP Heat 
2.8.3. CHP Electricity and Heat 

94
94
96
97

2.9. Heat  98
2.9.1. Gross Heat Generation  98
2.10. Transport  101
2.10.1. Final Consumption Petroleum Products  101
2.10.2. Biofuels  102
2.11. Energy Efficiency 
2.11.1. Energy Intensity 
2.11.2. Energy per Capita 
2.11.3. Final Electricity per Capita 
2.11.4. Primary Energy Efficiency 
2.11.5. Carbon Intensity 

104
104
105
106
107
108

E U E N E R G Y i n f i gure s p o c k e t b o o k 2013

E U E N E R G Y i n f i gure s p o c k e t b o o k 20 1 3

2.12. RES Indicators  109


2.12.1. RES Share  109
2.13. Energy Prices and Taxes 
2.13.1. Prices of Transport Fuels 
2.13.2. Taxation of Energy Products 
2.13.3. Fuel Prices Domestic Consumers 
2.13.4. Fuel Prices Industrial Consumers 

112
112
115
117
119

Part3 Socio-Economic Indicators intheEU


3.1.

Classification of the Energy Sector  124


3.1.1. UN Broad Definition  124

3.2. Enterprises in the Sector 


3.2.1. Number of Enterprises 
3.2.2. Turnover 
3.2.3. Number of Persons Employed 

125
125
129
133

3.3. Employment 
3.3.1. Number of Persons Employed 
3.3.2. Employment Rate 
3.3.3. Unemployment Rate 

137
137
138
139

3.4. Economy  140


3.4.1. GDP at Current Market Prices  140
3.4.2. GDP per Capita at Current Market Prices  141
3.4.3. GDP at 2005 Market Prices  142
3.4.4. GDP per Capita at 2005 Market Prices  143
3.4. Demography  144
3.5.1. Population  144

Part4
4.1.

Environment Indicators in the EU

Gases Emissions  148


4.1.1. GHGs Emissions  148
4.1.2. CO 2 Emissions  153

4.2. Main Emissions Indicators  158


4.2.1. CO2 per Capita  158
4.2.2. Carbon GDP Intensity  159

Part5 Country Profiles


5.0. European Union 27  164
5.1. Belgium  166
5.2. Bulgaria  168
5.3. Czech Republic  170
5.4. Denmark  172
5.5. Germany  174
5.6. Estonia  176
5.7. Ireland  178
5.8. Greece  180
5.9. Spain  182
5.10. France  184
5.11. Italy  186
5.12. Cyprus  188
5.13. Latvia  190
5.14. Lithuania  192
5.15. Luxembourg  194
5.16. Hungary  196
5.17. Malta  198
5.18. Netherlands  200
5.19. Austria  202
5.20. Poland  204
5.21. Portugal  206
5.22. Romania  208
5.23. Slovenia  210
5.24. Slovakia  212
5.25. Finland  214
5.26. Sweden  216
5.27. United Kingdom  218

Appendices
Appendices Methodology 
Appendix 1 Country Nomenclature 
Appendix 2 Main Indicators EN 
Appendix 3 Main Indicators DE 
Appendix 4 Main Indicators FR 
Appendix 5 Main Products EN 
Appendix 6 Main Products DE 
Appendix 7 Main Products FR 

224
224
225
226
227
228
229
230

E U E N E R G Y i n f i gure s p o c k e t b o o k 2013

Part 1
Appendix 8 Symbols and Abbreviations  231
Appendix 9 SI Units Prefixes  232
Appendix 10 Conversion Factors  233
Appendix 11 Average Calorific Values  234
Appendices Glossary  235
Appendix 12 Glossary  235
Appendices Notes  246
Appendix 13 Notes  246

Overview

PART 1Overview

Summary
1.1.

Energy in the World (Overview)


1.1.1.

World Energy Production by Region

1.1.2. World Energy Production by Fuel

10

11

1.1.3. World Gross Inland Consumption

12

1.1.4. World Final Energy Consumption

13

14

15

1.1.5. World Electricity Generation


1.1.6. World Heat Generation
1.1.7.

World CO 2 Emissions

1.1.8. World CO 2 Intensity


1.2. Energy in the EU (Overview)

16

17

18

1.2.1. EU Energy Flow in 1995

18

1.2.2. EU Energy Flow in 2011

19

1.2.3. EU-27 Gross Inland Consumption

1.2.4. EU-27 Energy Import Dependency

1.2.5. EU-27 Imports by Country of Origin


1.3.

10

EU 2020 Targets

20
22

24

25

1.3.1. Renewable Energy


1.3.2. GHG Emissions

25

27

10

PART 1Overview

PART 1Overview
1.1. Energy in the World (Overview)

1.1.1. World Energy Production by Region

1.1.2. World Energy Production by Fuel

Energy in the World (Overview)


World Energy Production by Region
Mtoe
EU-27
China
United States
Middle East
Asia*
Russia
Africa
Rest of the World
World

1995
961
1066
1659
1140
826
968
767
1884
9271

2000
946
1064
1667
1329
934
978
883
2178
9980

2005
901
1623
1631
1530
1121
1203
1081
2441
11532

World Energy Production by Fuel


2009
817
2085
1686
1561
1303
1186
1135
2499
12273

2010 2010 (%)


835
6.5%
2253
17.5%
1725
13.4%
1636
12.7%
1360
10.6%
1293
10.1%
1174
9.1%
2564
20.0%
12840
100.0%

Mtoe
Petroleum and Products
Solid Fuels
Gas
Renewables
Nuclear
Other
Total

1995
3395
2234
1815
1202
608
17
9271

2000
3701
2229
2063
1290
676
22
9980

World Energy Production by Region (%)

World Energy Production by Fuel (%)

Total 2010 = 12840 Mtoe

Total 2010 = 12840 Mtoe

6.5%

EU-27

20.0%
17.5%

12.9%

China

9.1%

31.7%

United States

10.1%

2010 2010 (%)


4077
31.7%
3641
28.4%
2719
21.2%
1652
12.9%
719
5.6%
32
0.3%
12840
100.0%

Petroleum and Products


Solid Fuels
Renewables

21.2%

Russia

Nuclear

Africa

Other

Rest of the world

12.7%

2009
3994
3436
2529
1585
703
26
12273

Gas

Asia*
13.4%

2005
4057
2937
2373
1422
722
21
11532

5.6%
0.3%

Middle East

10.6%

11

1.1. Energy in the World (Overview)

28.4%

World Energy Production by Region (Mtoe)

World Energy Production by Fuel (Mtoe)

2 500

4 500
4 000

2 000

3 500
3 000

1 500

2 500
2 000

1 000

1 500
500

1 000
500

0
1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
China
United States

Middle East
Asia*

* Excluding China Source: IEA, April 2013


Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 1

Russia
Africa

EU-27

1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Petroleum and Products
Solid Fuels

Source: IEA, April 2013


Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 1

Gas
Renewables

Nuclear
Other

PART 1Overview

12

PART 1Overview

1.1. Energy in the World (Overview)

1.1.3. World Gross Inland Consumption

1.1.4. World Final Energy Consumption

World Final Energy Consumption by Region

World Gross Inland Consumption by Region


Mtoe
EU-27
China
United States
Asia*
Russia
Africa
Middle East
Rest of the World
World

1995
1637
1058
2067
880
637
438
309
2209
9235

2000
1685
1108
2273
1052
619
496
358
2418
10009

2005
1780
1709
2319
1259
652
596
488
2649
11452

2009
1654
2301
2165
1461
647
676
584
2684
12172

2010 2010 (%)


1714
13.4%
2469
19.3%
2216
17.4%
1524
11.9%
702
5.5%
682
5.3%
614
4.8%
2844
22.3%
12765
100.0%

Mtoe
EU-27
China
United States
Asia*
Africa
Russia
Middle East
Rest of the World
World

1995
1121
793
1378
652
321
460
194
1633
6553

2000
1169
778
1546
749
374
419
232
1773
7040

2005
1239
1101
1570
880
440
412
302
1933
7876

World Gross Inland Consumption by Region (%)

World Final Energy Consumption by Region (%)

Total 2010 = 12765 Mtoe

Total 2010 = 8682 Mtoe

EU-27

13.4%
22.3%

2009
1151
1434
1459
1016
501
418
386
1946
8310

China

23.7%

United States

United States

Asia*

19.3%

11.9%

Middle East

5.8%

Rest of the World

17.4%

Russia

5.1%

Middle East

5.5%

Africa

4.6%

Africa

5.3%

Asia*

17.5%

Russia

2010 2010 (%)


1194
13.8%
1522
17.5%
1500
17.3%
1065
12.3%
503
5.8%
446
5.1%
398
4.6%
2053
23.7%
8682
100.0%

EU-27

13.8%

China

4.8%

13

1.1. Energy in the World (Overview)

Rest of the World

17.3%
12.3%

World Gross Inland Consumption by Region (Mtoe)

Final Energy Consumption by Region (Mtoe)

2 500

1 800
1 600

2 000

1 400
1 200

1 500

1 000
800

1 000

600
400

500

200
0

1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
China
EU-27

Asia*
Africa

* Excluding China Source: IEA, April 2013


Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 1

Russia
United States

Middle East

1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
China
EU-27

Asia*
Africa

* Excluding China Source: IEA, April 2013


Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 1

Russia
United States

Middle East

PART 1Overview

14

PART 1Overview

1.1. Energy in the World (Overview)

1.1.5. World Electricity Generation

1.1.6. World Heat Generation

World Electricity Generation by Fuel


TWh
Solid Fuels
Gas
Renewables
Nuclear
Petroleum and Products
Other
Total

1995
4994
2002
2638
2332
1238
25
13230

2000
6001
2732
2842
2591
1207
37
15410

2005
7333
3665
3291
2768
1145
46
18248

World Heat Generation by Fuel

2009
8110
4371
3868
2696
996
47
20087

2010 2010 (%)


8663
40.5%
4768
22.3%
4160
19.4%
2756
12.9%
989
4.6%
60
0.3%
21397
100.0%

PJ
Gas
Solid Fuels
Petroleum and Products
Renewables
Nuclear
Other
Total

1995
7167
4409
1864
249
20
157
13866

2000
6249
4350
1103
291
19
198
12210

World Electricity Generation by Fuel (%)

World Heat Generation by Fuel (%)

Total 2010 = 21397 TWh

Total 2010 = 14000 PJ

2005
6739
4736
922
389
21
844
13650

2009
6135
4993
832
485
28
567
13039

2010 2010 (%)


6598
47.1%
5422
38.7%
777
5.6%
553
3.9%
27
0.2%
623
4.4%
14000
100.0%

3.9% 4.4%
0.2%

4.6%
12.9%

15

1.1. Energy in the World (Overview)

0.3%

5.6%
Solid Fuels

Gas

Gas
40.5%
19.4%

Solid Fuels
47.1%

Renewables
Nuclear

Petroleum and Products


Renewables

Petroleum and Products

Nuclear

38.7%

Other

Other

22.3%

World Electricity Generation by Fuel (TWh)

World Heat Generation by Fuel (PJ)

9 000

8 000

8 000

7 000

7 000

6 000

6 000

5 000

5 000

4 000

4 000

3 000

3 000
2 000

2 000

1 000

1 000

1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Petroleum and Products
Solid Fuels

Source: IEA, April 2013


Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 1

Gas
Renewables

Nuclear
Other

1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Petroleum and Products
Solid Fuels

Source: IEA, April 2013


Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 1

Gas
Renewables

Nuclear
Other

16

PART 1Overview

PART 1Overview
1.1. Energy in the World (Overview)

1.1.7. World CO2 Emissions

1.1.8. World CO2 Intensity

World CO2 Emissions* by Region


Mio ton CO2 (Total)
EU-27
China
United States
Asia**
Middle East
Russia
Africa
Rest of the World
World

1995
4045
3046
5275
1797
846
1589
635
5318
22550

17

1.1. Energy in the World (Overview)

2000
4079
3111
5844
2252
982
1519
719
5842
24348

2005
4265
5168
5922
2769
1279
1531
863
6369
28167

World CO2 Intensity* by Region


2009
3853
6932
5325
3338
1577
1538
968
6447
29976

2010 2010 (%)


3941
12.6%
7362
23.5%
5516
17.6%
3536
11.3%
1648
5.3%
1605
5.1%
967
3.1%
6801
21.7%
31375
100.0%

Kg CO2 per toe (Average)


EU-27
China
United States
Asia**
Middle East
Russia
Africa
World

1995
2349
2857
2486
1948
2506
2473
1361
2365

2000
2273
2777
2507
2029
2551
2431
1369
2349

World CO 2 Emissions by Region (%)

World CO 2 Intensity by Region (kg CO 2 per toe)

Total 2010 = 31375 Mio ton CO 2

Average 2010 = 2378 (Kg CO2 per toe)

2005
2235
2986
2489
2082
2455
2327
1386
2374

2009
2159
2976
2395
2158
2540
2350
1377
2378

2010
2135
2939
2422
2185
2520
2254
1364
2372

3 500
12.6%

EU-27

21.7%

3.1%

23.5%

China

2 500

United States

2 000

Asia**

1 500

Middle East

5.1%

Russia

5.3%

Africa
11.3%

Rest of the World

17.6%

3 000

1 000
500
0
EU-27

United States

Middle East

Africa

World

Asia**

Russia

China

World CO 2 Emissions by Region (Mio ton CO 2)

World CO 2 Intensity by Region (kg CO 2 per toe)

8 000

3 500

7 000

3 000

6 000

2 500

5 000

2 000

4 000

1 500

3 000
2 000

1 000

1 000

500

1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
China
EU-27

Asia**
Africa

Russia
United States

Middle East
Rest of the World

* Sectoral Approach, Including Bunkers ** Excluding China Source: IEA, April 2013
Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 1

1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
China
EU-27

Asia**
Africa

Russia
United States

* Per Unit of Gross Inland Consumption ** Excluding China Source: IEA, April 2013
Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 1

Middle East

Primary Production:
954

Imp
o
736 rts:

Net

er

Imp
o
951 rts:

er
Fro
m

Source: Eurostat, April 2013


Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 1

Primary Production:
801

Net

oth
Fro
m

4
s:
rce
So
u

* 27 MS as of June 2013 Source: Eurostat, April 2013


Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 1

oth

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Ch
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9

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35

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: 48

ker
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Gross Inland Consumption:


1 698

oc
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Gross Inland Consumption:


1 669

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Fin Energ
l
Final Energy
Fina
Energy for Final
Consumption: 1 103
Final Energy Consumption Industry: 287
Consumption: 1 216
Fi
Finnal Ene
Fin
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No
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Fin Energ
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Final Energy
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Consumption: 1 072
Final Energy Consumption Industry: 330
Consumption: 1 181
Fi
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y
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tio
C
se
Othe
n
on
ne
s:
rs: 1
Ag
su
rg
27
26
ricu
yS
m
p
l
t
ec
ure
tio
to
/Fis
n:
r:
11
her
88
ies
1
: 31

ion
at
m
r
fo
ns
Tra

8
37
s:
se
s
Lo

oe
Mt

Energy in the EU (Overview)


EU* Energy Flow in 1995 (Mtoe)

1.2.1. EU Energy Flow in 1995

s:

PART 1Overview

rce

1.2. Energy in the EU (Overview)

So
u

18
1.2. Energy in the EU (Overview)

PART 1Overview

1.2.2. EU Energy Flow in 2011

EU Energy Flow in 2011 (Mtoe)

19

20

PART 1Overview

PART 1Overview

1.2. Energy in the EU (Overview)

21

1.2. Energy in the EU (Overview)

1.2.3. EU-27 Gross Inland Consumption

1.2.3. EU-27 Gross Inland Consumption

EU-27 Gross Inland Consumption

EU-27 Gross Inland Consumption

Energy Mix (%)

Energy Mix in 2011 (%)

Total 1995: 1669 Mtoe

BE
BG
CZ

5%

DK

14%
39%

Petroleum and Products

DE

Solid Fuels

EE

Gas
Nuclear Heat

22%

Renewables

IE
EL
ES
FR

20%

IT
CY
LV

EU-27 Gross Inland Consumption Energy Mix (%)

LT

Total 2011: 1698 Mtoe

LU
HU
MT

10%

NL
35%

14%

Petroleum and Products


Gas
Solid Fuels
Nuclear Heat

17%

Renewables

AT
PL
PT
RO
SI

24%

SK
FI
SE
UK
0%

10%
Solid Fuels

Source: Eurostat, April 2013


Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 1

20%

30%

40%

50%

Petroleum and Products

Source: Eurostat, April 2013


Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 1

60%
Gas

70%

80%

Nuclear Heat

90% 100%
Renewables

22

PART 1Overview

PART 1Overview

1.2. Energy in the EU (Overview)

1.2.4. EU-27 Energy Import Dependency

1.2.4. EU-27 Energy Import Dependency

EU-27 Energy Import Dependency

EU-27 Energy Import Dependency

By Fuel

In 2011 (%)

Import Dependency (%)


Total
Solid Fuels
Petroleum and Products
Gas

1995
43.2%
21.4%
74.3%
43.5%

2000
46.7%
30.5%
75.7%
48.9%

2005
52.4%
39.2%
82.2%
57.7%

2009
53.8%
41.1%
83.2%
64.3%

2010
52.6%
39.4%
84.1%
62.4%

2011
53.8%
41.4%
84.9%
67.0%

-20

20

40

MT
LU
CY

EU-27 Energy Import Dependency By Fuel, 1995-2011 (%)

IE

90

LT
IT
PT

80

ES
BE
70

AT
EL
SK

60

DE
LV
50

EU-27
FI
HU

40

FR
SI

30

SE
BG

20

UK
PL
NL

10

CZ
RO
0
Total
1995

Solid Fuels
2000

23

1.2. Energy in the EU (Overview)

2005

Source: Eurostat, April 2013


Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 1

Petroleum and Products


2009

2010

EE

Gas
2011

DK
Source: Eurostat, April 2013
Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 1

60

80

100

120

24

PART 1Overview

PART 1Overview

1.2. Energy in the EU (Overview)

1.3. EU 2020 Targets

1.2.5. EU-27 Imports by Country of Origin

1.3.1. Renewable Energy

EU-27 Imports* by Country of Origin, 2011


Imports* of Crude Oil (kton)
Total= 508477

22%

Russia

22%

35%

35%

Norway

Russia
Norway

Saudi Arabia
Saudi Arabia
Nigeria Nigeria

5%
5%

Iran

6%
6%

Iran

Kazakhstan

Kazakhstan

Azerbaijan

6%

6%

12%

6%

Other

12%

8%

6%

8%

Azerbaijan
Other

Imports* of Natural Gas (TJ GCV)


Total= 13522333
2%
5%2%
1%

5%

10%

1%

Russia

10%

30%

30%

11%
11%

Norway

Russia
Norway

Algeria

Algeria

Qatar

Qatar

Not specified
Not specified
Nigeria
13%

Egypt

13%
28%

EU 2020 Targets
Renewable Energy*

Other

28%

Nigeria
Egypt

EU-27
BE**
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU**
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK

2011 RES Share

2011/2012 RES
Interim Target

2020 RES Target

13.0%
4.1%
13.8%
9.4%
23.1%
12.3%
25.9%
6.7%
11.6%
15.1%
11.5%
11.5%
5.4%
33.1%
20.3%
2.9%
8.1%
0.4%
4.3%
30.9%
10.4%
24.9%
21.4%
18.8%
9.7%
31.8%
46.8%
3.8%

10.7%
4.4%
10.7%
7.5%
19.6%
8.2%
19.4%
5.7%
9.1%
10.9%
12.8%
7.6%
4.9%
34.0%
16.6%
2.9%
6.0%
2.0%
4.7%
25.4%
8.8%
22.6%
19.0%
17.8%
8.2%
30.4%
41.6%
4.0%

20.0%
13.0%
16.0%
13.0%
30.0%
18.0%
25.0%
16.0%
18.0%
20.0%
23.0%
17.0%
13.0%
40.0%
23.0%
11.0%
13.0%
10.0%
14.0%
34.0%
15.0%
31.0%
24.0%
25.0%
14.0%
38.0%
49.0%
15.0%

Other

Imports* of Solid Fuels (kton)


Total= 202333
6%
4% 6%

4%

5%

5%

26%

26%

Russia
Colombia

Russia
Colombia

8%
8%

United States
United States

9%
9%

South Africa
South Africa

Australia Australia
Indonesia
18%

18%

24%

Indonesia

Not Specified

24%

* From Extra-EU Source: Eurostat, April 2013


Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 1

Other

Not Specified
Other
* in Gross Final Energy Consumption
** Preliminary data
Source: Eurostat, April 2013
Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 1

25

26

PART 1Overview

PART 1Overview

1.3. EU 2020 Targets

1.3. EU 2020 Targets

1.3.1. Renewable Energy

1.3.2. GHG Emissions

Renewable Energy* (%)


0

10

20

GHG Emissions
30

40

50

EU-27
BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT

2011 RES Share


2011/2012 RES Interim Target
2020 RES Target

60

2020 GHG Fixed Targets


%
EU-27
BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK

NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK

BE and HU preliminary data


* in Gross Final Energy Consumption
Source: Eurostat, April 2013
Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 1

* Compared to 1990 Level


Source: EEA, Eurostat, April 2013
Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 1

Compared to 2005 Levels


-20%*
-15%
20%
9%
-20%
-14%
11%
-20%
-4%
-10%
-14%
-13%
-5%
17%
15%
-20%
10%
5%
-16%
-16%
14%
1%
19%
4%
13%
-16%
-17%
-16%

27

28

PART 1Overview
1.3. EU 2020 Targets

Part 2

1.3.2. GHG Emissions

Energy

GHG Emissions*
Emissions Compared to 1990
Index 100=1990
EU-27
BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK

1990
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

2000
93
105
71
77
111
90
49
107
105
111
99
102
155
47
44
79
81
120
105
102
95
117
72
100
74
101
102
92

* Emissions of the Kyoto basket of GHG


Source: Eurostat, April 2013
Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 1

2005
91
102
55
74
99
83
42
123
121
135
101
106
156
39
39
75
79
128
101
103
84
137
55
102
69
98
95
88

2005
92
100
58
75
93
80
45
126
129
154
101
111
171
42
46
101
82
149
100
119
85
144
59
110
71
98
93
86

2009
89
95
60
73
93
78
48
122
125
143
96
104
176
44
49
94
75
152
96
111
88
130
58
116
70
100
87
82

2010
83
87
52
69
88
73
40
112
119
130
92
95
172
41
40
90
69
148
94
102
83
124
49
105
62
94
82
75

in the EU

PART 2 Energy in the EU

31

Summary
2.1.

Energy Supply

2.1.1. Production

2.1.2. Net Imports

2.1.3. Gross Inland Consumption


2.2. Imports

36
39

43

2.2.2. Imports Petroleum and Products


2.2.3. Imports Gases

48
53

2.2.5. Imports (by Country of Origin)


Energy Import Dependency

61

64

2.3.2. Import Dependency Hard Coal

2.3.3. Import Dependency Petroleum and Products


2.3.4. Import Dependency Crude and NGL

64
66

67

68

69

70

2.3.5. Import Dependency Natural Gas

2.4.1. Available for Final Consumption


2.4.2. Final Energy Consumption

70

71

2.4.3. Final Non-Energy Consumption

75

76

77

2.4.4. Primary Energy Intensity


2.5. Electricity

57

2.3.1. Import Dependency All Fuels

Final Energy

43

2.2.4. Imports Electricity

2.4.

33

2.2.1. Imports Solid Fuels

2.3.

33

2.5.1. Installed Electricity Capacity

77

2.5.2. Gross Electricity Generation

80

2.5.3. Market Share of the Largest Producer


2.6. Intermittent Energy

85

86

2.6.1. Cumulative Capacity

86

32

PART 2 Energy in the EU

PART 2 Energy in the EU

33

2.1. Energy Supply

2.1.1.Production

2.7.

Wind Energy

2.7.1.

Cumulative Installed Capacity

2.7.2.

Annual Installed Capacity

2.7.3.

Gross Electricity Production

2.7.4.

Average Capacity Factor

2.8. CHP

88

88

90

91

93

94

2.8.1. CHP Electricity


2.8.2. CHP Heat

94

96

2.8.3. CHP Electricity and Heat


2.9. Heat

97

98

2.9.1. Gross Heat Generation


2.10. Transport

2.10.1. Final Consumption Petroleum Products


2.10.2. Biofuels

98

101

101

102

2.11. Energy Efficiency

2.11.1. Energy Intensity

2.11.2. Energy per Capita

104
104
105

2.11.3. Final Electricity per Capita

106

2.11.4. Primary Energy Efficiency

107

108

109

2.11.5. Carbon Intensity

Energy Supply
Production*
All Fuels
Mtoe
EU-27
Index 1995

1995
957.7
100%

2000
942.9
98%

2005
899.5
94%

2009
819.3
86%

2010
837.5
87%

2011
807.2
84%

BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK

11.83
10.27
32.41
15.63
145.08
3.73
4.10
9.36
31.43
126.98
29.80
0.04
1.43
3.76
0.04
13.92

13.61
9.87
30.64
27.72
135.46
3.43
2.16
10.01
31.49
129.81
28.31
0.04
1.41
3.25
0.06
11.60

13.71
10.62
32.87
31.31
136.58
4.24
1.64
10.32
30.09
135.86
28.12
0.05
1.86
3.87
0.11
10.33

15.64
9.78
31.17
23.99
127.95
4.65
1.53
10.10
30.14
128.22
27.86
0.09
2.10
4.17
0.11
11.04

66.70
8.78
99.38
3.38
32.67
2.96
5.06
13.12
31.38
254.51

57.58
9.78
79.79
3.89
28.55
3.09
6.39
14.82
30.05
270.14

62.23
9.97
78.90
3.61
28.24
3.49
6.68
16.59
34.26
203.95

63.44
11.59
67.90
4.97
28.64
3.65
6.06
16.68
30.02
157.80

16.41
10.54
31.56
23.35
131.98
5.46
1.95
9.47
34.14
134.75
30.88
0.09
2.12
1.32
0.12
11.09
0.00
70.10
12.23
67.83
5.63
27.77
3.72
6.32
17.51
33.17
147.98

18.31
12.30
32.01
21.20
124.90
5.61
1.81
9.62
31.90
135.40
32.54
0.10
2.08
1.30
0.12
10.81
0.00
64.69
11.57
68.87
5.35
27.86
3.75
6.55
17.23
32.17
129.16

Production All Fuels 1990-2011 (Mtoe)


2 000

2.12. RES Indicators

2.12.1. RES Share

2.13. Energy Prices and Taxes

2.13.1. Prices of Transport Fuels

2.13.2. Taxation of Energy Products

109
112
112
115

2.13.3. Fuel Prices Domestic Consumers

117

2.13.4. Fuel Prices Industrial Consumers

119

1 500
1 000
500
EU-27
0
1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010

* Primary Production and Production from Other Sources


Source: Eurostat, April 2013
Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 2

34

PART 2 Energy in the EU

PART 2 Energy in the EU

2.1. Energy Supply

2.1. Energy Supply

2.1.1.Production

2.1.1.Production

Production*

Production*

By Fuel

By Fuel EU-27 1990-2011 (Mtoe)


400

162.3
20.1%

12.44
4.23
7.32

6.21
20.90

27.85

14.89
114.11

46.53
4.06
0.76
7.50
2.65
0.09
0.06
0.00
0.01

4.06

1.65

1.07

0.01
0.00
55.76

3.03
1.60
4.03
5.98
15.60
17.79

6.66
1.20
0.60
1.69
0.22
10.87

2.47
1.43
3.03
3.03
31.29
0.98
0.73
1.98
13.76
17.90
17.87
0.10
2.07
1.16
0.08
1.86
0.00
3.14
8.36
7.45
5.16
5.03
0.91
1.39
9.11
15.75
6.29

Waste,
Non-Renewable

167.4
20.7%

Petroleum
and Products

Renewables

234.0
29.0%

Gases

Solid Fuels

BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK

Nuclear

2011

Mtoe
EU-27
Share (%)

140.3
17.4%

89.5
11.1%

13.6
1.7%

0.66
0.06
0.40
11.42
4.46
0.57
0.02
0.10
0.38
1.55
6.56
0.00
0.01
0.13

2.74
0.02
0.22
0.41
3.87

0.35
0.15
6.33
10.89
0.28
0.01
0.05
0.51
6.92

0.00
2.12
57.85
1.46
3.85
8.67
0.00
0.10
0.01
40.76

1.04
1.88
0.91
1.05
0.05
4.45
0.40
0.30
0.08
53.02

0.01
0.03
0.17
1.24
1.13
0.00
0.00

350
300
250
200
150
100
50
0
1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010
Solid Fuels
Nuclear

Petroleum and Products


Renewables

Gases
Waste, Non-Renewable

Production* By Fuel EU-27 2011 (% of Total)


Total = 807 Mtoe

0.03
0.09
0.75
0.84
0.76
0.14
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.14
0.51
0.43

2%
11 %
29 %

Nuclear
Solid Fuels

17 %

Renewables
Gases
Petroleum and Products
20 %

* Primary Production and Production from Other Sources


Source: Eurostat, April 2013
Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 2

35

21 %

* Primary Production and Production from Other Sources


Source: Eurostat, April 2013
Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 2

Waste, Non-Renewable

PART 2 Energy in the EU

36

PART 2 Energy in the EU

2.1. Energy Supply

37

2.1. Energy Supply

2.1.2. Net Imports

2.1.2. Net Imports

Net Imports

Net Imports

All Fuels

By Fuel
2011
939.7
128%

BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK

46.95
13.55
8.61
7.28
195.59
1.82
7.68
18.28
75.48
116.93
135.57
2.03
3.36
5.62
3.26
12.62
0.83
15.45
18.19
-0.03
18.04
14.56
3.08
12.37
16.09
19.28
-36.44

50.41
8.73
9.49
-7.44
205.78
1.62
12.14
22.12
99.54
134.42
153.56
2.55
2.24
4.33
3.64
13.96
1.45
34.73
19.13
9.58
21.88
8.09
3.38
11.68
18.57
19.19
-39.66

53.36
9.59
12.79
-10.45
213.14
1.44
13.59
23.47
123.98
144.39
161.02
2.82
2.99
5.09
4.68
17.50
1.63
38.10
24.57
16.44
24.77
10.85
3.83
12.49
19.28
20.21
31.66

48.38
8.07
11.51
-4.02
202.42
1.18
13.09
22.56
110.19
133.78
142.64
2.90
2.71
4.35
4.27
14.89
2.00
34.90
21.23
30.26
20.59
7.19
3.44
11.16
18.67
17.76
54.89

53.09
7.23
11.46
-3.53
202.56
0.83
12.91
21.81
106.26
132.54
149.57
2.91
1.99
5.75
4.52
15.14
2.49
30.95
21.75
32.18
18.73
7.74
3.59
11.28
18.19
19.62
60.24

48.43
7.09
12.07
-1.67
194.86
0.74
12.40
20.00
104.77
127.91
142.61
2.65
2.63
5.90
4.46
13.13
2.50
29.18
23.53
34.53
18.94
7.76
3.53
11.18
19.32
18.77
72.44

Net Imports All Fuels 1990-2011 (Mtoe)


2 000

2011

Mtoe
EU-27
Share (%)

Electricity

2010
951.8
129%

Renewables

2009
941.0
128%

Solid Fuels

2005
983.2
134%

Gases

2000
825.1
112%

Petroleum
and Products

1995
736.0
100%

Net Imports

Mtoe
EU-27
Index 1995

939.7
100%

548.5
58%

266.3
28%

118.1
13%

6.7
1%

0.0
0%

BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK

48.43
7.09
12.07
-1.67
194.86
0.74
12.40
20.00
104.77
127.91
142.61
2.65
2.63
5.90
4.46
13.13
2.50
29.18
23.53
34.53
18.94
7.76
3.53
11.18
19.32
18.77
72.44

29.67
3.84
8.64
-3.95
106.85
0.70
7.04
15.36
66.28
83.93
63.79
2.62
1.51
2.39
2.94
5.35
2.50
44.18
11.23
25.46
12.24
4.26
2.61
3.24
10.21
15.89
19.73

15.21
2.26
7.51
-2.47
56.70
0.50
3.83
3.97
29.40
38.27
57.53

0.39
-0.08
-0.04
1.04
-0.07
-0.14
0.08
0.16
0.87
0.37
2.07
0.03
-0.56
-0.06
0.04
0.03

0.22
-0.92
-1.47
0.11
-0.32
-0.31
0.04
0.28
-0.52
-4.85
3.93

1.41
2.73
1.03
6.13

2.95
1.98
-2.57
3.59
31.71
-0.02
1.40
0.23
8.74
10.18
15.29
0.00
0.12
0.26
0.06
1.04

-23.54
8.00
9.64
4.53
2.46
0.74
4.86
3.36
1.15
31.01

7.53
3.05
-0.62
2.15
1.13
0.26
3.02
4.60
2.35
19.66

0.21
0.54
0.51
-0.22
0.08
0.03
-0.01
-0.04

0.78
0.70
-0.45
0.24
-0.16
-0.11
0.06
1.19
-0.62
0.53

1 500
1 000
500
EU-27
0
1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010

Source: Eurostat, April 2013


Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 2

Source: Eurostat, April 2013


Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 2

1.51

0.11
0.58
0.39
0.57

PART 2 Energy in the EU

38

PART 2 Energy in the EU

2.1. Energy Supply

39

2.1. Energy Supply

2.1.2. Net Imports

2.1.3. Gross Inland Consumption

Net Imports

Gross Inland Consumption

By Fuel EU-27 1990-2011 (Mtoe)

All Fuels

700
600
500
400
300
200
100
0
-100
1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010
Petroleum and Products
Gases

Solid Fuels
Renewables

Electricity
Other

Net Imports By Fuel EU-27 2011 (% of Total)


Total = 940 Mtoe

13 %
Petroleum and Products
Gases
Solid Fuels
28 %

Renewables (1 %)
58 %

Electricity (0 %)
Other (0 %)

Mtoe
EU-27
Index 1995

1995
1668.7
100%

2000
1724.9
103%

2005
1824.8
109%

2009
1702.1
102%

2010
1759.4
105%

2011
1697.7
102%

BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK

54.14
23.41
41.70
20.28
342.17
5.54
10.97
23.87
102.15
241.63
162.95
1.95
4.62
8.72
3.34
26.27
0.75
73.26
27.32
100.00
20.65
47.20
6.06
17.95
29.55
50.31
221.89

59.21
18.71
41.27
19.80
343.62
4.96
14.20
28.27
123.85
257.95
175.80
2.39
3.74
7.15
3.66
25.30
0.80
76.57
29.18
89.82
25.11
36.83
6.43
17.98
32.92
47.66
231.73

58.98
20.08
45.28
19.76
346.00
5.56
15.11
31.39
144.38
276.62
188.52
2.52
4.48
8.77
4.81
27.70
0.97
82.52
34.40
93.08
27.40
39.35
7.30
19.09
35.07
51.74
233.91

58.11
17.59
42.41
19.25
326.45
5.31
14.72
30.69
130.44
259.87
169.97
2.80
4.33
8.54
4.38
25.35
0.84
81.61
32.68
95.32
24.93
35.51
7.11
16.81
34.35
45.73
206.96

61.50
17.94
44.79
20.29
336.09
6.11
14.99
28.84
129.97
267.46
175.53
2.71
4.54
6.87
4.66
25.98
0.95
87.03
35.02
101.78
24.37
35.66
7.25
17.90
37.42
51.52
212.22

59.69
19.28
43.32
18.99
316.31
6.16
13.85
27.92
128.54
259.33
172.94
2.67
4.24
7.07
4.59
25.23
1.13
81.31
33.95
102.17
23.90
36.35
7.27
17.42
35.74
49.51
198.78

Gross Inland Consumption All Fuels 1990-2011 (Mtoe)


2 000
1 500
1 000
500
EU-27
0
1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010

Source: Eurostat, April 2013


Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 2

Source: Eurostat, April 2013


Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 2

PART 2 Energy in the EU

PART 2 Energy in the EU

2.1. Energy Supply

41

2.1. Energy Supply

2.1.3. Gross Inland Consumption

2.1.3. Gross Inland Consumption

Gross Inland Consumption

Gross Inland Consumption

By Fuel

Renewables

13.7
0.8%

0.0
0.0%

BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK

23.32
3.86
9.10
7.42
110.76
1.08
6.83
13.52
57.90
83.22
68.21
2.54
1.25
2.47
2.96
6.50
1.13
33.62
12.43
26.48
11.70
9.12
2.59
3.59
10.31
14.62
71.37

15.19
2.63
6.77
3.73
65.83
0.50
4.12
3.97
28.99
37.04
63.81

12.44
4.23
7.32

0.22
-0.92
-1.47
0.11
-0.32
-0.31
0.04
0.28
-0.52
-4.85
3.93

34.32
7.75
12.84
4.46
11.11
0.74
4.64
3.36
1.16
70.20

7.47
3.45
54.60
2.21
8.16
1.47
3.70
5.69
2.49
30.65

2.86
1.35
2.99
4.08
31.22
0.83
0.82
2.23
14.64
18.27
19.94
0.12
1.44
1.06
0.12
1.89
0.00
3.30
8.77
7.95
5.14
5.07
0.95
1.37
9.07
15.75
7.80

2.74
0.02
0.22
0.41
3.87

1.29
2.72
1.03
9.35

2.91
8.11
18.38
3.23
77.11
4.06
2.03
7.89
12.46
10.29
15.91
0.01
0.12
0.25
0.06
2.76

Source: Eurostat, April 2013


Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 2

27.85

14.89
114.11

4.06
1.07

3.03
1.60
4.03
5.98
15.60
17.79

0.01
0.03
0.17
1.24
1.13
0.00
0.04
0.03
0.10

0.11
0.58
0.39
0.57

0.76
0.84
0.76
0.14
0.03
0.03
0.04
0.14
0.51
0.43

0.78
0.70
-0.45
0.24
-0.16
-0.11
0.06
1.19
-0.62
0.53

Mtoe
EU-27
Share (%)
BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK

Solar

Electricity

169.0
10.0%

Geothermal

Waste,
Non-Renewable

234.0
13.8%

Wind

Renewables

285.5
16.8%

Hydro

Nuclear

397.6
23.4%

Biomass
and Renewable
Wastes

Solid Fuels

597.9
35.2%

Renewables

Mtoe
EU-27
Share %

Gases

2011

Petroleum
and Products

2011

169.0
10.0%

114.9
6.8%

26.4
1.6%

15.4
0.9%

6.2
0.4%

6.1
0.4%

2.86
1.35
2.99
4.08
31.22
0.83
0.82
2.23
14.64
18.27
19.94
0.12
1.44
1.06
0.12
1.89
0.00
3.30
8.77
7.95
5.14
5.07
0.95
1.37
9.07
15.75
7.80

2.52
0.97
2.59
3.21
22.73
0.80
0.37
1.34
7.00
13.00
9.07
0.05
1.18
0.97
0.11
1.70
0.00
2.81
5.45
7.45
3.07
3.66
0.59
1.00
7.96
9.50
5.85

0.02
0.25
0.17
0.00
1.48
0.00
0.06
0.34
2.63
3.85
3.94

0.20
0.07
0.03
0.84
4.20
0.03
0.38
0.29
3.65
1.05
0.85
0.01
0.01
0.04
0.01
0.05

0.00
0.03
0.01
0.58

0.11
0.02
0.20
0.02
2.22

0.03
0.02
0.08
5.02
0.00

0.01
0.24
1.35
0.24
1.07
0.06

0.44
0.17
0.28
0.79
0.12

0.01
0.03
0.01
0.20
0.02
0.04
0.01

Source: Eurostat, April 2013


Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 2

0.25
0.04
0.00
0.02
0.00
2.94
0.20
0.99
1.27
0.31
0.32
1.07
5.71
0.49

0.00
0.04
0.52
1.33

0.00
0.10

0.00

0.00
0.01
0.03
0.18
0.01
0.09
0.00
0.01
0.04
0.00
0.01
0.13

Tide, Wave
and Ocean

40

0.0
0.0%

0.05

42

PART 2 Energy in the EU

PART 2 Energy in the EU

2.1. Energy Supply

43

2.2.Imports

2.1.3. Gross Inland Consumption

2.2.1.Imports Solid Fuels

Gross Inland Consumption

Imports
Imports Solid Fuels

By Fuel EU-27 1990-2011 (Mtoe)

Total

800
700
600
500
400
300
200
100
0
1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010
Solid Fuels
Nuclear

Petroleum and Products


Renewables

Gases
Waste, Non-Renewable

2.1.3. Gross Inland Consumption By Fuel EU-27 2011 (% of Total)


Total = 1698 Mtoe

10 %

Petroleum and Products


35 %

14 %

Gases
Solid Fuels
Nuclear
Renewables
Waste, Non-Renewable (1 %)

17 %

Mtoe
EU-27
Index 1995

1995
116.1
100%

2000
131.2
113%

2005
152.6
131%

2009
132.2
114%

2010
135.0
116%

2011
144.0
124%

BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK

10.34
2.42
1.84
7.68
12.26
0.35
1.90
0.92
8.67
9.60
13.09
0.01
0.17
0.16
0.49
1.65

8.27
2.38
1.04
3.86
22.20
0.33
1.70
0.81
13.35
13.55
13.22
0.03
0.06
0.08
0.11
1.21

5.86
2.57
1.35
3.56
26.34
0.07
1.91
0.40
14.83
14.14
16.52
0.04
0.08
0.18
0.08
1.45

3.36
1.75
1.94
3.96
26.75
0.02
1.30
0.17
9.90
10.76
12.61
0.02
0.08
0.15
0.07
1.11

3.82
1.75
2.23
2.68
32.75
0.05
0.96
0.40
7.85
12.37
14.51
0.01
0.11
0.22
0.07
1.41

3.66
2.04
2.20
3.59
32.63
0.04
1.42
0.24
9.52
10.28
15.48
0.00
0.13
0.28
0.06
1.31

11.52
2.64
1.08
3.86
3.07
0.19
4.18
3.85
2.80
11.34

14.06
3.06
1.02
3.97
1.93
0.24
3.47
3.55
2.43
15.23

13.02
3.99
2.15
3.23
2.96
0.33
3.90
3.35
2.58
27.71

12.21
2.76
6.54
3.10
1.05
0.26
3.38
3.87
1.54
23.57

12.82
3.36
8.27
1.70
1.28
0.28
3.22
3.98
2.57
16.31

15.01
3.05
8.86
2.24
1.15
0.26
3.20
4.61
2.37
20.35

Imports Solid Fuels 1990-2011 (Mtoe)


200

Electricity (0 %)
23 %

Other (0 %)

150
100
50
EU-27
0
1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010

Source: Eurostat, April 2013


Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 2

Source: Eurostat, April 2013


Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 2

44

PART 2 Energy in the EU

PART 2 Energy in the EU

2.2.Imports

45

2.2.Imports

2.2.1. Imports Solid Fuels

2.2.1. Imports Solid Fuels

Imports Solid Fuels

Imports Solid Fuels

Hard Coal

Ranking

Mtoe
EU-27
Index 1995

1995
105.7
100%

2000
120.3
114%

2005
143.3
136%

2009
125.7
119%

2010
126.0
119%

2011
136.2
129%

BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK

9.43
2.35
1.63
7.65
9.50
0.05
1.87
0.92
8.09
8.91
12.58
0.01
0.16
0.16
0.13
1.23

7.46
2.25
0.63
3.82
17.39
0.06
1.68
0.81
13.25
12.49
12.87
0.03
0.05
0.07
0.10
1.12

5.70
2.49
0.76
3.54
23.70
0.04
1.88
0.40
14.74
13.00
15.94
0.04
0.07
0.16
0.07
1.30

3.19
1.70
1.23
3.95
24.49
0.02
1.28
0.17
9.82
9.95
12.61
0.02
0.08
0.12
0.06
1.10

3.63
1.70
1.29
2.67
29.53
0.05
0.95
0.40
7.71
11.41
14.50
0.01
0.11
0.18
0.06
1.40

3.41
2.00
1.47
3.57
30.08
0.04
1.41
0.23
9.41
9.37
15.45

11.00
2.05
1.05
3.84
3.01
0.14
3.10
3.67
2.37
10.87

13.63
2.34
1.01
3.97
1.65
0.19
3.15
3.20
2.14
14.90

12.69
3.00
2.05
3.22
2.42
0.29
3.48
3.00
2.22
27.09

12.07
2.16
6.49
3.10
0.60
0.20
2.93
3.67
1.31
23.44

12.54
2.47
8.16
1.70
0.52
0.23
2.57
3.68
2.29
16.22

14.82
2.12
8.72
2.24
0.60
0.21
2.66
4.28
2.11
20.31

Source: Eurostat, April 2013


Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 2

0.12
0.23
0.05
1.30

Mtoe and %

1995

2011

Top 10 Ranking

MS

Imports EU-27 Share

Solid Fuels
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Top 5 Total

IT
DE
NL
UK
BE
FR
ES
DK
SK
PT

13.1
12.3
11.5
11.3
10.3
9.6
8.7
7.7
4.2
3.9
58.5

11.3%
10.6%
9.9%
9.8%
8.9%
8.3%
7.5%
6.6%
3.6%
3.3%
50.4%

DE
UK
IT
NL
FR
ES
PL
FI
BE
DK

32.6
20.3
15.5
15.0
10.3
9.5
8.9
4.6
3.7
3.6
93.7

22.7%
14.1%
10.8%
10.4%
7.1%
6.6%
6.2%
3.2%
2.5%
2.5%
65.1%

of which Hard Coal


1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Top 5 Total

IT
NL
UK
DE
BE
FR
ES
DK
PT
FI

12.6
11.0
10.9
9.5
9.4
8.9
8.1
7.6
3.8
3.7
53.4

11.9%
10.4%
10.3%
9.0%
8.9%
8.4%
7.7%
7.2%
3.6%
3.5%
50.5%

DE
UK
IT
NL
ES
FR
PL
FI
DK
BE

30.1
20.3
15.5
14.8
9.4
9.4
8.7
4.3
3.6
3.4
90.1

22.1%
14.9%
11.3%
10.9%
6.9%
6.9%
6.4%
3.1%
2.6%
2.5%
66.1%

Source: Eurostat, April 2013


Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 2

MS

Imports EU-27 Share

PART 2 Energy in the EU

46

PART 2 Energy in the EU

2.2.Imports

2.2.1. Imports Solid Fuels

2.2.1. Imports Solid Fuels

Imports Solid Fuels

Imports Solid Fuels

By Member State BE-LT 1990-2011 (Mtoe)

By Member State LU-UK 1990-2011 (Mtoe)

47

2.2.Imports

10

15

BE

BG

CZ

DK

20

25

30

Each country presents data from 1990


to 2011. Graph to be read from
top (1990) to bottom (2011) for each
country.

35

10

15

LU

HU

MT

NL

DE
AT

EE
PL
IE
PT
EL
RO
ES
SL
FR

IT

CY

SK

FI

LV

SE

LT

UK

Source: Eurostat, April 2013


Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 2

Source: Eurostat, April 2013


Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 2

20

25

30

Each country presents data from 1990


to 2011. Graph to be read from
top (1990) to bottom (2011) for each
country.

35

PART 2 Energy in the EU

48

PART 2 Energy in the EU

2.2.Imports

49

2.2.Imports

2.2.2. Imports Petroleum and Products

2.2.2. Imports Petroleum and Products

Imports Petroleum and Products

Imports Petroleum and Products

Total

Crude and NGL

Mtoe
EU-27
Index 1995

1995
800.5
100%

2000
869.7
109%

2005
955.9
119%

2009
905.6
113%

2010
917.8
115%

2011
898.6
112%

Mtoe
EU-27
Index 1995

1995
565.1
100%

2000
611.5
108%

2005
638.9
113%

2009
576.5
102%

2010
576.1
102%

2011
558.4
99%

BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK

44.86
8.66
8.90
10.37
147.08
1.18
6.68
21.41
67.54
102.12
107.79
2.01
2.14
5.40
1.79
7.64
0.83
91.21
11.27
16.56
17.92
11.64
2.34
5.35
12.78
25.68
59.39

52.88
6.13
8.67
9.91
148.97
0.92
9.29
23.75
78.32
114.30
110.86
2.51
1.23
5.49
2.39
7.08
1.45
107.29
12.48
21.80
17.27
6.36
2.67
5.70
15.70
26.61
69.72

58.34
7.86
11.07
8.77
149.99
1.08
9.95
26.37
87.80
122.99
109.64
2.77
2.18
9.66
3.17
8.86
1.63
126.98
15.46
24.95
19.46
9.90
2.83
6.97
16.09
27.97
83.15

53.88
7.83
10.40
8.86
132.87
1.19
8.68
27.85
81.92
112.42
95.53
2.87
1.84
9.30
2.77
7.90
2.00
139.69
13.78
27.53
15.18
8.97
3.08
6.88
16.96
26.99
78.41

56.17
7.76
10.62
9.36
130.70
1.12
8.94
27.11
80.40
106.42
98.20
2.89
1.71
10.22
2.88
8.53
2.51
149.99
13.95
29.28
15.45
8.38
3.29
6.72
16.42
28.19
80.56

53.61
7.40
10.23
9.28
125.21
1.13
8.64
25.00
79.28
107.37
91.29
2.62
1.98
10.36
2.95
8.20
2.56
146.59
13.53
30.28
15.10
8.08
3.34
7.19
17.53
27.47
82.37

BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK

26.48
8.09
7.06
5.48
103.00

34.09
5.35
5.74
3.80
105.97

31.84
6.15
7.82
2.79
114.41

31.17
6.24
7.29
3.61
99.51

33.35
5.51
7.84
2.78
94.69

29.91
5.05
7.03
3.11
91.92

2.25
15.51
55.40
78.54
74.79
0.80

2.96
19.56
57.91
87.19
84.71
1.15

3.31
18.90
60.13
85.63
90.59

2.70
18.03
52.75
73.00
77.55

3.07
20.35
52.86
65.53
79.82

3.07
16.77
52.57
65.63
73.57

3.19

4.95

9.11

8.53

9.17

9.08

5.96

5.88

6.33

5.54

5.82

5.96

61.23
7.78
13.11
13.03
8.78
0.50
5.32
8.81
18.31
41.66

62.10
7.46
18.32
11.55
4.83
0.12
5.42
11.94
20.69
49.76

63.35
7.93
18.26
13.38
8.89

59.51
7.52
20.49
10.44
7.11

61.62
6.89
23.12
11.49
6.01

58.27
7.50
24.18
10.63
5.61

5.52
10.92
20.22
53.45

5.59
11.89
19.16
48.87

5.35
11.58
19.93
49.39

5.90
11.98
18.86
51.83

Imports Petroleum and Products Total 1990-2011 (Mtoe)


2 000
1 500
1 000
500
EU-27
0
1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010

Source: Eurostat, April 2013


Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 2

Source: Eurostat, April 2013


Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 2

50

PART 2 Energy in the EU

PART 2 Energy in the EU


2.2.Imports

51

2.2.Imports

2.2.2. Imports Petroleum and Products

2.2.2. Imports Petroleum and Products

Imports Petroleum and Products

Imports Petroleum and Products

Ranking

By Member State BE-LT 1990-2011 (Mtoe)

Mtoe and %

1995

Top 10 Ranking

MS

Petroleum and Products


1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Top 5 Total

DE
IT
FR
NL
ES
UK
BE
SE
EL
PT

2011

Imports EU-27 Share

MS

20

40

60

80

147.1
107.8
102.1
91.2
67.5
59.4
44.9
25.7
21.4
17.9
515.7

18.4%
13.5%
12.8%
11.4%
8.4%
7.4%
5.6%
3.2%
2.7%
2.2%
64.4%

NL
DE
FR
IT
UK
ES
BE
PL
SE
EL

146.6
125.2
107.4
91.3
82.4
79.3
53.6
30.3
27.5
25.0
552.8

16.3%
13.9%
11.9%
10.2%
9.2%
8.8%
6.0%
3.4%
3.1%
2.8%
61.5%

103.0
78.5
74.8
61.2
55.4
41.7
26.5
18.3
15.5
13.1
373.0

18.2%
13.9%
13.2%
10.8%
9.8%
7.4%
4.7%
3.2%
2.7%
2.3%
66.0%

DE
IT
FR
NL
ES
UK
BE
PL
SE
EL

91.9
73.6
65.6
58.3
52.6
51.8
29.9
24.2
18.9
16.8
342.0

16.5%
13.2%
11.8%
10.4%
9.4%
9.3%
5.4%
4.3%
3.4%
3.0%
61.2%

BG

CZ

DK

DE

EE

IE

EL

ES

FR

IT

CY

LV

LT

Source: Eurostat, April 2013


Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 2

120

140

160

Imports EU-27 Share


BE

of which Crude Oil and NGL


1
DE
2
FR
3
IT
4
NL
5
ES
6
UK
7
BE
8
SE
9
EL
10
PL
Top 5 Total

100

Source: Eurostat, April 2013


Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 2

Each country presents data from 1990


to 2011. Graph to be read from
top (1990) to bottom (2011) for each
country.

180

PART 2 Energy in the EU

52

PART 2 Energy in the EU

2.2.Imports

2.2.2. Imports Petroleum and Products

2.2.3. Imports Gases

Imports Petroleum and Products

Imports Gases

By Member State LU-UK 1990-2011 (Mtoe)

Total

20

53

2.2.Imports

40

60

80

LU

HU

MT

NL

AT

PL

PT

RO

SL

100

120

140

160

Each country presents data from 1990


to 2011. Graph to be read from
top (1990) to bottom (2011) for each
country.

180

Mtoe
EU-27
Index 1995
BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK

1995
179.90
100%

2000
241.46
134%

2005
317.45
176%

2009
341.07
190%

2010
360.21
200%

2011
351.82
196%

10.42
4.56
6.42

13.28
2.74
7.48

14.82
2.46
7.60

17.99
2.13
7.93

55.32
0.58
0.08
7.52
28.11
28.56

61.09
0.66
2.48
1.69
15.47
36.46
47.05

73.53
0.80
3.01
2.33
30.25
41.62
60.16

76.34
0.53
3.96
2.96
31.77
40.72
56.72

19.55
2.13
6.98
0.14
74.31
0.56
4.39
3.23
31.95
42.11
61.72

18.67
2.26
7.64
0.33
73.21
0.50
3.83
3.97
30.88
41.64
57.63

1.00
2.03
0.56
5.53

1.11
2.06
0.67
7.35

1.43
2.49
1.18
9.81

1.40
2.19
1.11
7.91

0.90
2.48
1.20
7.91

1.41
2.73
1.03
6.60

2.76
5.42
5.84

12.48
5.27
6.64
2.04
2.71
0.82
5.71
3.42
0.78
2.01

16.44
8.03
8.57
3.89
4.19
0.93
6.05
3.60
0.84
13.42

18.39
9.51
8.16
4.27
1.60
0.83
4.82
3.48
1.09
35.27

18.45
10.19
8.91
4.50
1.82
0.86
5.00
3.84
1.47
45.62

16.49
10.98
9.66
4.53
2.46
0.74
4.86
3.36
1.15
45.23

4.79
0.75
4.53
2.84
0.75
1.51

Imports Gases 1990-2011 (Mtoe)


400

SK
300
FI

200
100

SE

EU-27
0
1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010

UK

Source: Eurostat, April 2013


Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 2

Source: Eurostat, April 2013


Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 2

54

PART 2 Energy in the EU

PART 2 Energy in the EU

2.2.Imports

2.2.3. Imports Gases

2.2.3. Imports Gases

Imports Gases

Imports Gases

Ranking

By Member State BE-LT 1990-2011 (Mtoe)

Mtoe and %
Ordered by 2011 Volume
Gases
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
Top 5 Total

55

2.2.Imports

1995
MS

2011

Imports EU-27 Share

MS

10

20

30

55.3
28.6
28.1
10.4
7.5
6.4
5.8
5.5
5.4
4.8
4.6
4.5
2.8
2.8
2.0
1.5
1.0
0.8
0.8
0.6
0.6
0.1

129.9

30.8%
15.9%
15.6%
5.8%
4.2%
3.6%
3.2%
3.1%
3.0%
2.7%
2.5%
2.5%
1.6%
1.5%
1.1%
0.8%
0.6%
0.4%
0.4%
0.3%
0.3%
0.0%

72.2%

DE
IT
UK
FR
ES
BE
NL
AT
PL
CZ
HU
SK
PT
EL
IE
FI
LT
RO
BG
LV
SE
LU
SI
EE
DK

73.2
57.6
45.2
41.6
30.9
18.7
16.5
11.0
9.7
7.6
6.6
4.9
4.5
4.0
3.8
3.4
2.7
2.5
2.3
1.4
1.2
1.0
0.7
0.5
0.3
248.6

20.8%
16.4%
12.9%
11.8%
8.8%
5.3%
4.7%
3.1%
2.7%
2.2%
1.9%
1.4%
1.3%
1.1%
1.1%
1.0%
0.8%
0.7%
0.6%
0.4%
0.3%
0.3%
0.2%
0.1%
0.1%
70.7%

BG

CZ

DK

DE

EE

IE

EL

ES

FR

IT

CY

LV

LT

Source: Eurostat, April 2013


Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 2

50

60

70

Imports EU-27 Share


BE

DE
IT
FR
BE
ES
CZ
PL
HU
AT
RO
BG
SK
FI
NL
LT
UK
LV
SE
SI
EE
LU
IE

40

Source: Eurostat, April 2013


Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 2

Each country presents data from 1990


to 2011. Graph to be read from
top (1990) to bottom (2011) for each
country.

80

PART 2 Energy in the EU

56

PART 2 Energy in the EU

2.2.Imports

2.2.3. Imports Gases

2.2.4. Imports Electricity

Imports Gases

Imports Electricity

By Member State LU-UK 1990-2011 (Mtoe)

Total

10

57

2.2.Imports

20

30

LU

HU

MT

NL

AT

PL

PT

RO

SL

40

50

60

70

Each country presents data from 1990


to 2011. Graph to be read from
top (1990) to bottom (2011) for each
country.

80

Mtoe
EU-27
Index 1995
BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK

1995
16.6
100%

2000
22.5
135%

2005
28.1
169%

2009
24.7
148%

2010
24.6
148%

2011
27.2
163%

0.81
0.17
0.58
0.35
3.42
0.02
0.00
0.12
0.66
0.25
3.32

1.00
0.08
0.75
0.72
3.88
0.02
0.01
0.15
1.05
0.32
3.85

1.23
0.07
1.06
1.11
4.89
0.03
0.18
0.48
0.88
0.69
4.32

0.82
0.23
0.74
0.96
3.60
0.26
0.08
0.65
0.58
1.59
4.05

1.07
0.10
0.57
0.91
3.69
0.09
0.07
0.73
0.45
1.67
3.95

1.13
0.12
0.90
1.01
4.39
0.15
0.06
0.62
0.68
0.82
4.09

0.23
0.45
0.49
0.28

0.18
0.44
0.55
0.82

0.25
0.49
0.55
1.34

0.37
0.41
0.52
0.94

0.34
0.70
0.63
0.85

0.34
0.70
0.61
1.26

1.03
0.63
0.37
0.23
0.06
0.06
0.30
0.73
0.66
1.40

1.97
1.19
0.28
0.40
0.07
0.36
0.51
1.05
1.57
1.23

2.04
1.75
0.43
0.83
0.20
0.80
0.69
1.54
1.25
0.96

1.33
1.68
0.64
0.65
0.06
0.67
0.77
1.33
1.18
0.57

1.34
1.71
0.54
0.50
0.07
0.74
0.63
1.35
1.28
0.61

1.77
2.15
0.58
0.58
0.29
0.60
0.97
1.52
1.07
0.75

Imports Electricity 1990-2011 (Mtoe)


40

SK
30
FI

20
10

SE

EU-27
0
1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010

UK

Source: Eurostat, April 2013


Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 2

Source: Eurostat, April 2013


Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 2

58

PART 2 Energy in the EU

PART 2 Energy in the EU

2.2.Imports

2.2.4. Imports Electricity

2.2.4. Imports Electricity

Imports Electricity

Imports Electricity

Ranking

By Member State BE-LT 1990-2011 (Mtoe)

Mtoe and %
Ordered by 2011 Volume
Electricity
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
Top 5 Total

59

2.2.Imports

1995
MS

2011

Imports EU-27 Share

MS

3.4
3.3
1.4
1.0
0.8
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.6
0.6
0.5
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.0

20.6%
20.0%
8.5%
6.2%
4.9%
4.4%
4.0%
3.9%
3.8%
3.5%
3.0%
2.7%
2.3%
2.1%
1.8%
1.7%
1.5%
1.4%
1.4%
1.0%
0.7%
0.4%
0.4%
0.1%

10.0

60.1%

DE
IT
AT
NL
FI
HU
BE
SE
DK
SK
CZ
FR
UK
LT
ES
EL
LU
SI
PL
PT
LV
RO
EE
BG
IE

4.4
4.1
2.1
1.8
1.5
1.3
1.1
1.1
1.0
1.0
0.9
0.8
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.3
0.3
0.1
0.1
0.1
13.9

16.1%
15.0%
7.9%
6.5%
5.6%
4.6%
4.2%
4.0%
3.7%
3.6%
3.3%
3.0%
2.8%
2.6%
2.5%
2.3%
2.2%
2.2%
2.1%
2.1%
1.3%
1.1%
0.5%
0.5%
0.2%
51.2%

BG

CZ

DK

DE

EE

IE

EL

ES

FR

IT

CY

LV

LT

Source: Eurostat, April 2013


Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 2

Imports EU-27 Share


BE

DE
IT
UK
NL
BE
FI
SE
ES
AT
CZ
LU
LT
PL
DK
SK
HU
FR
PT
LV
BG
EL
RO
SI
EE

Source: Eurostat, April 2013


Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 2

Each country presents data from 1990


to 2011. Graph to be read from
top (1990) to bottom (2011) for each
country.

PART 2 Energy in the EU

60

PART 2 Energy in the EU

2.2.Imports

2.2.4. Imports Electricity

2.2.5. Imports (by Country of Origin)

Imports Electricity

Imports (by Country of Origin)

By Member State LU-UK 1990-2011 (Mtoe)

EU-27 Hard Coal

61

2.2.Imports

LU

HU

MT

NL

AT

PL

PT

Each country presents data from 1990


to 2011. Graph to be read from
top (1990) to bottom (2011) for each
country.

Top 15 Ordered by 2011 Volume


kton
Russia
Colombia
United States
Australia
South Africa
Indonesia
Not Specified
Canada
Ukraine
Norway
Venezuela
Kazakhstan
China (except Hong Kong)
Mozambique
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Other
kton
Total Extra-EU
Intra-EU
Total with Intra-EU

1995
8794
11161
41058
19533
32091
3403
6680
4237
348
329
2821
262
2443
0
0
344

2000
14953
22586
20599
28608
41573
9102
5229
6378
2045
928
3621
0
1853
107
0
606

2005
48452
24236
15736
27119
51631
13131
3358
6642
4156
1124
2003
932
526
0
0
1958

2009
54939
32059
24878
13865
29144
12260
4647
2624
2914
1502
1313
338
640
0
8
825

2010
47639
35568
30432
19251
17553
9887
6846
3637
3094
1385
685
332
61
0
24
745

2011
52013
47617
36064
17714
15902
10281
8066
4461
4348
1152
1083
588
119
99
35
48

133504 158188 201004 181956 177139 199590


30068 31119 26478 19973 22356 18864
163572 189307 227482 201929 199495 218454

EU-27 Imports Hard Coal 1990-2011


Top 5 Ordered by 2011 Volume (kton)

RO

70 000
60 000

SL

50 000
40 000

SK

30 000
20 000

FI

10 000
0

SE

1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010
Russia
Colombia

UK

Source: Eurostat, April 2013


Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 2

Source: Eurostat, April 2013


Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 2

United States
Australia

South Africa

PART 2 Energy in the EU

62

PART 2 Energy in the EU

2.2.Imports

2.2.5. Imports (by Country of Origin)

2.2.5. Imports (by Country of Origin)

Imports (by Country of Origin)

Imports (by Country of Origin)

EU-27 Crude Oil and NGL

EU-27 Natural Gas

Top 15 Ordered by 2011 volume

Top 8 Ordered by 2011 Volume

kton
Russia
Norway
Saudi Arabia
Nigeria
Kazakhstan
Iran
Azerbaijan
Iraq
Algeria
Libya
Angola
Other African countries
Mexico
Egypt
Syria
Other

1995
2000
76319 118229
102203 115904
82419 65143
28597 22407
78
9915
52467 35475
0
3712
0 31250
17031 21417
47978 45542
4756
3862
143
3035
7246
9770
6950
5579
14984 13259
64418 35642

kton
Total Extra-EU
Intra-EU
Total with Intra-EU

505589 540141 580545 530895 527495 515995


50291 61651 48270 36287 39637 33508
555880 601792 628815 567182 567132 549503

Mio barrels
Total Extra-EU
Intra-EU
Total with Intra-EU

63

2.2.Imports

3707
369
4075

3960
452
4412

2005
188079
97610
60748
18618
26386
35611
7255
12290
22776
50601
7065
5299
10647
1716
9027
26817

2009
173519
80042
29809
23554
28522
26234
20656
19828
11406
48108
14083
7186
5996
5141
6842
29969

4256
354
4610

3892
266
4158

2010
180654
73078
30774
21918
29705
29679
21673
16952
8256
53754
8483
5314
6783
4654
7738
28080

3867
291
4158

2011
177085
65254
41108
31221
29878
29495
24615
18197
14967
14614
10926
7718
7192
5866
4808
33051

3783
246
4029

TJ (GCV)
Russia
Norway
Algeria
Qatar
Not Specified
Nigeria
Egypt
Trinidad and Tobago
Other
Total Extra-EU
Intra-EU
Total with Intra-EU

1995
4234713
1159830
1362649
0
58588
0
0
0
101764
6917544
1451229
8368773

2000
4539709
1921081
2203075
12443
332289
172020
0
36334
82524
9299475
1933316
11232791

2005
5099721
3063749
2256826
195713
782285
436319
202419
29673
482797
12549502
2218105
14767607

2009
4528271
4058381
1867044
723595
723359
316251
277799
294610
546397
13335707
2530713
15866420

2010
3992749
3911661
1986351
1374583
1252442
576077
186284
205267
447432
13932846
2824223
16757069

2011
4101546
3715398
1767006
1485596
1392231
589290
158134
140996
172136
13522333
2844273
16366606

Mio m3
Russia
Norway
Algeria
Qatar
Not Specified
Nigeria
Egypt
Trinidad and Tobago
Other

111860
28929
33698
0
1473
0
0
0
2537

119638
47813
55607
309
8126
4385
0
902
2102

134973
78217
57075
4859
19724
10586
4929
751
12479

120048
103896
47072
18185
17900
7745
6804
7314
14102

104941
100952
50340
34636
31923
14015
4616
5111
11665

107018
96228
44678
37595
35850
14372
3893
3503
4457

Total Extra-EU
Intra-EU
Total with Intra-EU

178497
41164
219661

238882
54116
292998

323593
61479
385072

343066
69725
412791

358199
74120
432319

347594
74568
422162

EU-27 Imports Crude Oil and NGL 1990-2011

EU-27 Imports Natural Gas 1990-2011

Top 5 Ordered by 2011 Volume (kton)

Top 5 Ordered by 2011 Volume (mio m3)

200 000

160 000
140 000

160 000

120 000

120 000

100 000

80 000

60 000

80 000
40 000

40 000

20 000
0

0
1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010
Russia
Norway

Source: Eurostat, April 2013


Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 2

Nigeria
Saudi Arabia

Kazakhstan

1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010
Russia
Norway

Source: Eurostat, April 2013


Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 2

Algeria
Qatar

Not Specified

64

PART 2 Energy in the EU

PART 2 Energy in the EU

2.3. Energy Import Dependency

2.3. Energy Import Dependency

2.3.1.Import Dependency All Fuels

2.3.1. Import Dependency All Fuels

Energy Import Dependency


Import Dependency All Fuels

Import Dependency All Fuels


EU-27 1990-2011 (%)

%
EU-27
Index 1995
BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK

1995
43.2
100

2000
46.7
108

2005
52.4
121

2009
53.8
124

2010
52.6
122

2011
53.8
125

100

80.9
57.2
20.6
33.3
56.8
32.4
69.2
66.7
71.7
48.0
82.0
100.4
70.4
63.4
97.7
48.0
104.8
18.3
66.6
0.0
85.4
30.8
50.8
68.9
53.9
37.6
-16.2

78.1
46.5
23.0
-35.3
59.5
32.0
84.6
69.5
76.7
51.6
86.5
98.6
59.7
59.8
99.6
55.2
100.3
38.7
65.6
10.6
84.9
22.0
52.6
65.0
55.3
39.2
-17.0

80.1
47.5
28.3
-50.9
61.2
25.4
89.3
68.6
81.4
51.7
84.4
100.7
63.0
57.0
97.3
63.2
100.0
38.4
71.4
17.6
88.5
27.6
52.3
65.4
54.2
37.7
13.4

74.3
45.3
27.1
-20.4
61.5
21.4
88.2
67.8
79.2
51.0
82.8
96.3
58.8
50.3
97.4
58.7
101.1
36.5
65.0
31.7
81.0
20.2
48.1
66.4
54.0
37.1
26.2

76.8
40.1
25.6
-16.9
59.8
13.1
85.6
69.1
76.8
49.1
83.8
100.7
41.6
82.0
97.0
58.3
99.1
30.7
62.1
31.6
75.4
21.7
49.4
63.0
48.3
36.7
28.1

72.9
36.6
27.9
-8.5
61.1
11.7
88.9
65.3
76.4
48.9
81.3
92.4
59.0
81.8
97.2
52.0
100.6
30.4
69.3
33.7
77.4
21.3
48.4
64.2
53.8
36.8
36.0

90

80

70

60

50

40

30

20

10

1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010

* Negative Rate Indicates a Net Exporter


Values Over 100% Indicate Stocks Build Up
Source: Eurostat, April 2013
Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 2

All Fuels
of Solid Fuels
of Petroleum and Products
Source: Eurostat, April 2013
Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 2

of Natural Gas
of Hard Coal
of Crude and NGL

65

66

PART 2 Energy in the EU

PART 2 Energy in the EU

2.3. Energy Import Dependency

2.3. Energy Import Dependency

2.3.2. Import Dependency Hard Coal

2.3.3. Import Dependency Petroleum and Products

Import Dependency Hard Coal

%
EU-27
Index 1995
BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK

Import Dependency Petroleum and Products

1995
29.7
100

2000
42.4
143

2005
55.6
187

2009
62.5
210

2010
58.2
196

2011
62.1
209

108.5
73.0
-34.2
118.0
17.1
102.4
105.9
95.2
48.5
58.0
105.6
100.0
92.9
69.1
100.0
103.5

90.4
100.5
-56.1
94.8
39.2
116.1
93.2
105.8
66.8
87.3
105.7
102.0
82.5
100.0
100.0
99.0

100.9
94.8
-49.4
94.3
57.3
96.4
100.8
112.4
74.4
92.9
99.7
121.2
96.7
102.5
100.0
105.1

83.7
93.6
-79.1
98.1
72.4
34.5
111.7
78.6
85.0
94.0
97.5
123.8
93.8
82.6
100.0
96.8

100.2
88.2
-58.0
69.3
77.3
118.3
79.3
100.5
85.9
100.6
101.5
65.4
106.6
95.2
100.0
99.5

103.0
102.9
-47.8
111.1
80.6
95.7
111.1
102.1
70.3
98.8
96.0

97.4
88.3
-31.7
105.9
81.7
100.0
92.9
89.0
101.5
21.8

101.5
91.6
-29.9
103.4
96.0
100.6
103.8
97.7
107.7
39.4

100.3
106.9
-21.3
96.3
102.2
93.7
105.2
102.6
104.3
71.5

126.1
95.3
1.9
106.8
86.2
86.5
100.7
109.8
77.6
77.7

122.3
97.5
3.7
98.3
100.8
101.4
91.9
85.5
115.2
51.4

101.4
82.3
8.6
97.3
96.7
93.3
98.0
126.2
101.0
63.7

* Negative Rate Indicates a Net Exporter


Values Over 100% Indicate Stocks Build Up
Source: Eurostat, April 2013
Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 2

67

102.1
111.5
100.0
95.7

%
EU-27
Index 1995
BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK

1995
74.3
100

2000
75.7
102

2005
82.2
111

2009
83.2
112

2010
84.1
113

2011
84.9
114

99.6
99.6
97.9
11.0
95.8
80.4
100.2
98.4
101.5
96.9
93.3
102.6
102.6
114.1
98.3
71.1
104.8
84.8
89.3
96.0
100.6
49.2
97.8
100.7
94.7
95.3
-57.1

100.2
95.6
95.3
-81.1
94.5
77.2
98.8
100.2
101.0
99.5
96.0
100.3
94.3
100.1
102.1
76.0
100.3
99.8
89.1
98.7
99.3
34.6
101.5
89.7
101.9
100.8
-54.6

100.8
101.9
97.5
-103.9
97.0
69.4
99.7
97.7
101.2
99.4
91.7
102.3
102.4
92.0
99.4
81.3
100.0
97.1
91.6
97.4
102.3
38.1
101.3
88.4
96.4
103.8
-3.1

95.4
101.3
96.6
-60.4
95.2
64.7
99.2
96.7
98.9
97.6
91.2
98.9
99.4
90.1
100.1
77.6
101.1
97.1
90.4
98.3
99.0
51.1
98.3
88.0
96.5
101.8
7.6

98.0
100.8
96.3
-45.7
95.8
56.3
97.5
98.5
99.9
97.7
92.7
104.2
93.6
98.7
99.4
84.2
99.3
93.4
88.6
96.7
98.0
51.7
100.5
88.9
89.3
93.7
14.5

98.7
97.7
95.0
-48.7
94.2
55.6
101.7
94.5
99.8
98.0
90.2
95.8
103.2
91.6
99.6
82.3
100.6
91.5
90.4
95.5
99.9
46.6
99.5
90.2
97.2
98.6
26.8

* Negative Rate Indicates a Net Exporter


Values Over 100% Indicate Stocks Build Up
Source: Eurostat, April 2013
Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 2

68

PART 2 Energy in the EU

PART 2 Energy in the EU

2.3. Energy Import Dependency

2.3. Energy Import Dependency

2.3.4. Import Dependency Crude and NGL

2.3.5. Import Dependency Natural Gas

Import Dependency Crude and NGL

%
EU-27
Index 1995
BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK

Import Dependency Natural Gas

1995
73.2
100

2000
74.4
102

2005
81.4
111

2009
83.5
114

2010
84.7
116

2011
85.6
117

99.8
99.7
100.2
6.3
96.9

100.2
98.7
95.3
-120.5
93.8

99.5
97.7
99.3
-141.3
97.3

99.7
98.6
97.2
-65.0
96.9

99.9
99.1
97.5
-68.8
97.0

100.3
98.2
97.3
-62.8
96.3

100.2
98.8
99.1
95.8
92.8
96.3

89.8
99.5
100.6
98.5
95.1
98.5

98.9
95.2
100.1
98.2
94.0

95.7
98.0
99.3
98.2
94.6

101.6
99.5
99.3
98.2
94.5

100.7
96.5
99.7
97.9
91.8

99.5

94.5

95.3

98.4

99.0

98.3

72.0

78.6

81.2

80.8

85.3

85.6

93.8
87.6
97.1
100.0
54.9
95.9
101.5
94.1
99.3
-47.7

97.7
87.0
99.1
99.0
43.5
86.9
97.6
101.5
100.6
-48.0

96.7
88.5
97.3
100.2
61.3

97.9
88.0
98.0
98.7
61.0

97.6
86.2
98.4
98.9
56.5

95.9
88.1
97.2
100.7
55.0

97.7
97.5
100.4
-0.2

99.8
98.2
98.3
7.7

99.9
101.1
99.0
12.7

100.2
98.9
100.5
28.6

* Negative Rate Indicates a Net Exporter


Values Over 100% Indicate Stocks Build Up
Source: Eurostat, April 2013
Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 2

69

%
EU-27
Index 1995
BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK

1995
43.5
100

2000
48.9
112

2005
57.7
133

2009
64.3
148

2010
62.4
143

2011
67.0
154

98.2
99.5
98.0
-47.2
78.6
100.0
3.6
97.4
93.0
63.9

99.3
93.5
99.8
-64.8
79.1
100.0
72.1
99.1
101.6
100.0
81.1

100.6
87.7
97.8
-113.9
81.3
100.0
86.7
99.1
101.4
99.3
84.7

99.0
98.6
104.6
-91.9
87.9
100.0
92.5
99.7
98.9
100.9
88.6

99.0
92.6
85.2
-68.3
81.9
100.0
93.4
99.9
99.4
93.0
90.5

100.1
86.1
110.8
-66.3
86.1
100.0
93.1
100.0
101.4
103.3
90.2

99.0
100.0
100.0
60.3

101.9
100.0
100.0
75.4

105.6
100.6
100.0
81.1

114.1
100.4
100.0
85.6

61.8
99.7
100.0
78.7

109.4
100.3
99.9
65.6

-76.4
84.8
64.6

-49.1
80.6
66.3
100.3
19.8
99.3
98.8
100.0
100.0
-10.7

-59.3
87.7
69.7
103.8
30.1
99.6
97.5
100.0
100.0
7.0

-61.2
85.8
67.3
101.2
15.1
99.7
108.6
100.0
100.0
31.6

-61.6
74.4
69.3
100.4
16.8
99.3
99.9
100.0
100.0
37.7

-68.6
103.2
75.1
101.6
22.2
99.8
104.8
100.0
100.0
44.2

24.9
100.6
86.8
100.0
100.0
1.0

* Negative Rate Indicates a Net Exporter


Values Over 100% Indicate Stocks Build Up
Source: Eurostat, April 2013
Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 2

70

PART 2 Energy in the EU

PART 2 Energy in the EU

2.4. Final Energy

71

2.4. Final Energy

2.4.1. Available for Final Consumption

2.4.2. Final Energy Consumption

Final Energy
Available for Final Consumption

Final Energy Consumption


Total

Mtoe
EU-27
Index 1995

1995
1181.4
100%

2000
1234.5
104%

2005
1313.7
111%

2009
1222.5
103%

2010
1265.5
107%

2011
1216.0
103%

Mtoe
EU-27
Index 1995

1995
1072.2
100%

2000
1121.5
105%

2005
1191.9
111%

2009
1110.1
104%

2010
1152.5
107%

2011
1103.3
103%

BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK

39.85
12.89
27.94
15.03
246.78
3.06
8.20
16.30
72.15
157.87
124.86
1.46
3.93
5.13
3.18
18.08
0.26
57.22
22.75
67.12
15.78
30.30
4.20
12.10
21.84
36.57
156.48

44.49
9.81
27.29
15.02
252.56
2.68
10.81
18.97
88.43
167.74
133.75
1.73
3.16
4.28
3.56
17.67
0.44
60.95
25.43
58.93
19.98
24.98
4.68
12.56
25.33
36.07
163.20

44.17
10.44
29.40
15.46
262.97
2.95
11.57
21.25
105.56
178.49
142.65
1.78
4.00
5.39
4.49
20.30
0.41
65.39
29.89
63.32
21.56
27.15
5.20
12.61
27.20
35.09
165.02

42.17
8.86
26.85
14.90
241.82
2.83
11.66
21.07
95.43
167.33
129.92
1.99
3.93
5.31
4.09
18.25
0.41
65.13
28.26
66.99
19.77
24.52
5.05
11.62
25.86
32.75
145.72

44.88
8.80
28.57
15.78
245.99
2.99
11.90
19.66
95.30
171.34
133.28
1.95
4.09
5.46
4.33
18.62
0.50
70.55
30.25
71.72
19.83
25.00
5.18
12.84
27.99
37.14
151.57

44.54
9.54
27.12
15.10
234.29
2.77
11.03
18.91
92.71
163.55
132.19
1.91
3.81
5.91
4.31
18.15
0.68
65.21
28.89
71.40
19.02
24.99
5.09
12.24
26.82
35.58
140.27

BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK

34.35
11.41
26.21
14.82
220.66
2.58
7.92
15.71
63.72
144.33
114.58
1.41
3.82
4.60
3.13
16.19
0.35
47.98
21.38
62.81
13.74
26.95
4.06
10.66
21.86
34.92
142.0

37.36
8.93
24.71
14.72
219.08
2.42
10.65
18.56
79.55
154.79
124.72
1.63
3.26
3.77
3.52
16.10
0.44
50.48
23.67
55.59
17.74
22.73
4.43
10.55
24.65
34.85
152.6

36.59
10.03
26.00
15.50
229.54
2.87
12.51
20.82
97.47
162.40
134.62
1.82
4.02
4.60
4.44
18.17
0.39
52.29
28.15
58.20
18.96
25.08
4.87
11.07
25.52
33.62
152.3

34.50
8.62
24.49
14.80
213.16
2.77
11.76
20.54
87.67
153.21
121.15
1.93
4.04
4.60
4.06
16.41
0.44
50.41
26.48
61.03
18.26
22.43
4.80
10.22
24.17
31.49
136.7

36.94
8.87
25.57
15.47
217.37
2.91
11.82
19.03
89.09
158.67
124.77
1.92
4.27
4.76
4.30
16.66
0.45
53.98
28.42
66.45
18.14
22.51
4.95
11.57
26.56
34.55
142.5

38.89
9.29
24.63
14.68
207.09
2.84
10.80
18.84
86.53
148.07
122.31
1.90
3.98
4.70
4.28
16.28
0.45
50.66
27.33
64.69
17.35
22.58
4.95
10.80
25.18
32.17
132.0

Source: Eurostat, April 2013


Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 2

Source: Eurostat, April 2013


Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 2

72

PART 2 Energy in the EU

PART 2 Energy in the EU

2.4. Final Energy

2.4.2. Final Energy Consumption

2.4.2. Final Energy Consumption

Final Energy Consumption

Final Energy Consumption

By Sector

By Fuel

14.3
1.3%

10.70
2.94
6.33
5.14
62.33
0.78
4.31
7.67
36.04
50.06
42.04
1.04
1.19
1.53
2.74
4.27
0.27
15.31
8.73
17.77
6.94
5.16
1.93
2.66
5.05
9.10
52.06

13.27
2.71
8.57
2.38
59.99
0.61
2.18
3.32
21.18
30.36
30.13
0.19
0.74
0.94
0.66
2.84
0.05
14.18
8.67
16.16
5.34
7.11
1.24
4.25
11.23
11.11
27.65

7.41
2.38
5.89
4.37
52.93
0.94
2.73
5.45
16.22
36.95
31.32
0.31
1.32
1.53
0.43
5.52
0.07
9.75
6.44
19.01
2.79
7.86
1.17
2.12
5.04
6.96
35.84

4.41
1.05
3.02
1.96
29.86
0.41
1.32
1.87
9.54
20.90
15.75
0.22
0.58
0.59
0.42
3.15
0.06
8.17
2.94
8.10
1.85
1.77
0.53
1.60
1.85
4.53
14.08

0.82
0.21
0.55
0.68
0.77
0.11
0.25
0.25
2.06
4.02
2.70
0.04
0.14
0.11
0.02
0.49

Source: Eurostat, April 2013


Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 2

2.28
0.00
0.00
0.14

0.27
0.01
1.21

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.31
0.22
0.00
0.01
0.00

0.27
1.49
5.47
0.15
0.09
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

3.24
0.54
3.64
0.32
0.43
0.07
0.16
0.65
0.44
0.92

0.02
0.00
0.11

0.04
0.03

0.00
0.00
0.25
0.02
1.32
1.48

Mtoe
EU-27
Share %
BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK

Waste,
Non-Renewable

0.9
0.1%

Solid Fuels

Other

23.6
2.1%

Derived Heat

Fishing

140.5
12.7%

Renewables

Agriculture

272.7
24.7%

Electricity

Services

287.1
26.0%

Gases

Households

364.1
33.0%

Petroleum
and Products

Industry

BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK

2011

Transport

2011

Mtoe
EU-27
Share %

73

2.4. Final Energy

444.6
40.3%

241.1
21.9%

238.0
21.6%

76.8
7.0%

48.9
4.4%

48.8
4.4%

5.2
0.5%

14.51
3.05
6.55
6.45
79.70
0.97
6.31
11.65
44.05
65.30
48.49
1.38
1.40
1.59
2.93
4.55
0.29
18.27
10.22
20.54
8.62
6.48
2.47
2.19
7.58
10.21
58.85

12.28
1.28
5.98
1.59
47.70
0.20
1.48
1.08
14.42
26.95
35.53

6.89
2.44
4.87
2.70
44.84
0.57
2.14
4.45
20.63
36.09
25.95
0.41
0.53
0.74
0.56
2.97
0.16
9.24
5.29
10.48
4.16
3.67
1.08
2.13
6.90
10.72
27.34

1.23
1.00
1.91
1.27
13.87
0.50
0.30
1.38
5.80
11.51
5.49
0.10
1.00
0.73
0.09
1.21
0.00
0.86
3.65
5.46
2.53
3.65
0.55
0.62
4.71
5.19
2.17

0.74
1.04
2.10
2.50
10.04
0.47

2.10
0.02
0.15
0.02
0.91

3.66
3.19
0.00
0.50
0.87
0.03
1.01

1.14
0.46
3.07
0.14
10.04
0.12
0.56
0.22
1.64
4.26
3.41
0.01
0.11
0.24
0.06
0.52

2.07
1.75
6.42
0.33
1.66
0.19
0.77
4.08
4.13
1.27

1.43
1.06
12.07
0.02
0.84
0.05
1.53
0.89
1.20
3.73

0.40
0.53
0.61
5.97
18.79
4.89
9.10
1.64
6.24
0.58
3.53
0.98
0.72
38.58

Source: Eurostat, April 2013


Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 2

0.05

0.01

0.29
0.25
0.00
0.04
0.01
0.04

0.48
0.61
0.04
0.03
0.02
0.02
0.03
0.08

74

PART 2 Energy in the EU

PART 2 Energy in the EU

2.4. Final Energy

2.4.2. Final Energy Consumption

2.4.3. Final Non-Energy Consumption

Final Energy Consumption

Final Non-Energy Consumption

By Sector EU-27 1990-2011 (Mtoe)

Total

400
350
300
250
200
150
100
50
0
1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010
Industry
Services

Transport
Agriculture

Households
Fishing

By Fuel EU-27 1990-2011 (Mtoe)


600
500
400
300
200

Mtoe
EU-27
Index 1995

1995
110.7
100%

2000
118.2
107%

2005
122.0
110%

2009
109.6
99%

2010
114.8
104%

2011
114.6
104%

BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK

5.82
1.23
2.52
0.32
27.33
0.18
0.55
0.49
7.87
17.82
9.73
0.06
0.04
0.54
0.05
1.60

6.74
0.98
2.19
0.30
31.19
0.18
0.55
0.72
9.40
18.25
8.43
0.08
0.07
0.66
0.04
1.58

9.25
1.38
3.71
2.06
1.24
0.12
1.17
1.17
1.99
12.49

10.49
1.72
4.36
2.33
1.88
0.24
1.63
1.11
1.73
11.32

7.52
0.85
3.00
0.29
31.33
0.18
0.31
0.76
8.35
16.36
8.61
0.07
0.10
0.80
0.02
2.16
0.02
13.01
1.72
4.54
2.51
2.60
0.31
1.52
1.33
2.29
11.45

7.25
0.57
2.57
0.25
27.65
0.06
0.16
0.91
7.15
13.59
8.49
0.07
0.08
0.73
0.02
1.89
0.01
14.65
1.80
4.62
1.53
2.38
0.23
1.39
1.58
1.76
8.23

7.59
0.41
2.78
0.26
29.74
0.05
0.27
1.11
7.03
13.46
9.56
0.08
0.07
0.71
0.03
1.98
0.01
15.48
1.85
4.88
1.74
2.31
0.21
1.27
1.45
2.11
8.35

7.65
0.50
2.59
0.29
29.91
0.04
0.28
0.88
6.77
13.90
11.01
0.07
0.10
1.22
0.03
1.98
0.01
13.93
1.59
4.89
1.73
2.40
0.12
1.44
1.34
1.93
8.04

100
0
1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010
Solid Fuels
Gases

75

2.4. Final Energy

Derived Heat
Petroleum and Products

Source: Eurostat, April 2013


Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 2

Renewables
Electricity

Source: Eurostat, April 2013


Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 2

76

PART 2 Energy in the EU

PART 2 Energy in the EU

2.4. Final Energy

77

2.5.Electricity

2.4.4. Primary Energy Intensity

2.5.1.Installed Electricity Capacity

Primary Energy Intensity

Electricity
Installed Electricity Capacity

Total

Total

Mtoe
EU-27
Index 1995

1995
1557.9
100%

2000
1606.7
103%

2005
1702.8
109%

2009
1592.4
102%

2010
1644.6
106%

2011
1583.0
102%

BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK

48.32
22.18
39.18
19.96
314.84
5.36
10.42
23.38
94.28
223.81
153.21
1.89
4.58
8.17
3.29
24.67

52.47
17.73
39.08
19.49
312.43
4.78
13.65
27.55
114.45
239.70
167.37
2.31
3.67
6.49
3.62
23.72

64.01
25.95
96.29
18.59
45.97
5.94
16.79
28.38
48.32
209.40

66.08
27.46
85.46
22.77
34.95
6.19
16.34
31.81
45.93
220.41

51.46
19.23
42.27
19.47
314.67
5.38
14.80
30.63
136.03
260.26
179.92
2.45
4.39
7.97
4.79
25.54
0.95
69.51
32.68
88.53
24.90
36.75
6.99
17.57
33.74
49.45
222.46

50.85
17.02
39.85
19.00
298.79
5.25
14.56
29.79
123.29
246.28
161.48
2.72
4.25
7.81
4.36
23.47
0.83
66.96
30.88
90.69
23.40
33.13
6.89
15.41
32.77
43.97
198.73

53.91
17.52
42.01
20.02
306.36
6.06
14.73
27.73
122.94
254.00
165.97
2.63
4.47
6.16
4.63
24.00
0.94
71.55
33.17
96.89
22.63
33.35
7.04
16.63
35.98
49.41
203.87

52.03
18.78
40.72
18.70
286.40
6.12
13.58
27.04
121.76
245.42
161.93
2.61
4.15
5.84
4.56
23.25
1.12
67.38
32.36
97.29
22.17
33.95
7.14
15.98
34.41
47.58
190.74

Source: Eurostat, April 2013


Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 2

MW
EU-27*
BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK

1995
2000
2005
2009
2010
2011
609960 685081 750918 833475 875018 919275
14917

15685

13803 15323
10841 12316
116226 118381
2800
4060
4707
8942 10904
45900 53924
107616 114681
65923 75510
988
2068
2092
5866
5716
1250
1220
7404
8282
19034
17394
29482
9318

21062
17802
30559
10899

2518
7238
14434
33625
70125

2614
7454
16261
33724
78393

* No complete EU-27 data available for 1995 and 2000


Source: Eurostat, April 2013
Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 2

16096 17496 18322 20098


12260
9597 10027 10236
17406 18326 19829 20181
13035 13393 13435 13580
125031 146948 156983 171681
2559
2665
2751
2825
6270
7634
8526
8791
13306 14223 15115 16521
76574 96576 101788 102804
115787 119023 124550 131353
85498 101447 106488 118443
1125
1428
1565
1742
2165
2501
2557
2576
4556
4714
3570
3691
1683
1703
1723
1740
8586
8867
8993
9654
571
571
571
21800 25992 26686 28049
19097 20999 21410 22787
32257 33032 33360 34554
13391 17392 18919 19938
18950 19551 19911 20498
2992
3050
3193
3268
8257
7154
7874
8056
16468 16343 16693 16692
33390 35285 36454 35128
82379 87565 93725 93818

78

PART 2 Energy in the EU

PART 2 Energy in the EU

2.5.Electricity

79

2.5.Electricity

2.5.1. Installed Electricity Capacity

2.5.1. Installed Electricity Capacity

Installed Electricity Capacity

Installed Electricity Capacity*

By Fuel

Renewables

1576
876
1134
55
37
13211
2346
5551
6483
1253
2523
3156
16478
4420

Source: Eurostat, April 2013


Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 2

5927
1892
3970
20467

7450
63130

2000
510

1411
688
1940
2700
9323
10663

1069
541
213
3951
29071
180
1631
1640
21547
6691
6918
134
36
202
45
331
2316
1080
1800
4256
988
3
199
2769
6488

3705
200

609
5481
2760
12773
10

1512
1038
7
25

41
4
145
317
1
170
57
189
7
12
976

71
1
25

19

BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK

1426 1069
3108
541
2197
213
9 3951
11562 29071
5
180
529 1631
3224 1640
18540 21547
25332 6691
21737 6918
134
1576
36
876
202
1134
45
55
331
37
13211
2346
5551
6483
1253
2523
3156
16478
4420

2316
1080
1800
4256
988
3
199
2769
6488

Geothermal,
Tide, Wave
and Ocean

1426
3108
2197
9
11562
5
529
3224
18540
25332
21737

Liquid Biofuels

1391
154
1913
17
25039

10285
4541
11888
9603
81837
2640
6431
11048
49786
31928
75977
1591
964
2588
520
7264
571
24970
8178
30407
9936
11616
1270
3382
10630
6546
71270

Biogas

20098
10236
20181
13580
171681
2825
8791
16521
102804
131353
118443
1742
2576
3691
1740
9654
571
28049
22787
34554
19938
20498
3268
8056
16692
35128
93818

Municipal Waste

BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK

MW
EU-27
146768 94099
RES share(%) 45.0% 28.8%

Wood,
Wood Waste

6604

52066
16.0%

16874
5.2%

6158
1.9%

7191
2.2%

1102
0.3%

1011
0.3%

1391
154
1913
17
25039

701

240

81

306
920
2148
63
5

43
295
1486

563
324
421

224
910
742

129
5
177
77
3233
4
34
45
209
233
732
9
25
15
10
45

Solar

52066

Wind

919275 487667 146768 132071 94099

Wind

MW
EU-27

Other

Hydro

2011

Solar

Nuclear

Hydro

Combustible
Fuels

Installed
Electricity
Capacity

2011

609
5481
2760
12773
10

5
18
41
4
145
317
1
170
57
189
7
12
976

* Net maximum capacity


Source: Eurostat, April 2013
Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 2

436
713
2394
175
478
26
33
171
1910
3397
1667

19
38
649
459

217
607
102
44
4
21
21

571
401

4
1189

76

243

736

242
728
7

17
25

1
25

80

PART 2 Energy in the EU

PART 2 Energy in the EU

2.5.Electricity

81

2.5.Electricity

2.5.2. Gross Electricity Generation

2.5.2. Gross Electricity Generation

Gross Electricity Generation

Gross Electricity Generation

Total

By Fuel

BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK

74.41
41.79
60.85
36.76
537.28
8.79
17.86
41.55
167.09
494.07
241.49
2.50
3.98
13.90
1.23
34.02
1.63
80.93
56.23
139.01
33.27
59.27
12.91
26.77
64.04
148.35
334.04

84.01
40.92
73.47
36.05
576.54
8.51
23.98
53.84
224.47
540.73
276.64
3.37
4.14
11.43
1.17
35.19
1.92
89.63
61.26
145.18
43.76
51.93
13.62
31.16
69.97
145.27
377.07

87.03
44.37
82.58
36.25
620.57
10.21
25.97
60.02
294.08
576.20
303.70
4.38
4.91
14.78
4.13
35.76
2.24
100.22
66.41
156.94
46.58
59.41
15.12
31.46
70.57
158.44
398.36

91.23
42.96
82.25
36.38
590.37
8.78
28.31
61.37
294.62
535.85
292.64
5.22
5.57
15.36
3.88
35.91
2.17
113.50
69.08
151.72
50.21
58.01
16.40
26.16
72.06
136.73
376.78

95.12
46.65
85.91
38.79
628.98
12.96
28.61
57.39
301.53
569.10
302.06
5.32
6.63
5.75
4.59
37.37
2.11
118.14
71.13
157.66
54.09
60.98
16.43
27.86
80.67
148.61
381.77

90.17
50.80
87.45
35.17
608.87
12.89
27.48
59.44
291.76
561.98
302.57
4.93
6.10
4.82
3.72
35.98
2.19
112.97
65.70
163.55
52.46
62.22
16.06
28.66
73.48
150.38
367.80

Source: Eurostat, April 2013


Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 2

2011

TWh
EU-27
Share %
BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK

Other

2011
3279.6
120%

Petroleum
and Products

2010
3346.2
122%

Renewables

2009
3203.5
117%

Gases

2005
3310.6
121%

Solid Fuels

2000
3025.2
111%

Nuclear

1995
2734.0
100%

Gross Electricity
Generation

TWh
EU-27
Index 1995

3279.6
100.0%

906.8
27.6%

848.7
25.9%

726.5
22.2%

699.5
21.3%

73.6
2.2%

24.5
0.7%

90.17
50.80
87.45
35.17
608.87
12.89
27.48
59.44
291.76
561.98
302.57
4.93
6.10
4.82
3.72
35.98
2.19
112.97
65.70
163.55
52.46
62.22
16.06
28.66
73.48
150.38
367.80

48.23
16.31
28.28

3.40
27.54
47.01
13.97
262.47
10.99
6.92
31.06
43.76
15.10
44.73

27.41
2.08
4.05
5.81
93.03
0.68
14.89
13.94
85.69
28.96
149.96

0.00

9.60
4.71
7.95
14.16
129.36
1.18
5.43
8.41
88.54
69.86
84.89
0.18
3.08
1.69
1.31
2.71
0.01
12.32
44.35
13.57
24.69
16.53
4.02
5.37
24.15
84.18
37.31

0.29
0.14
0.10
0.45
6.81
0.04
0.24
5.92
15.17
3.46
19.89
4.75
0.00
0.21
0.00
0.14
2.18
1.45
1.01
2.45
2.68
0.77
0.02
0.59
0.42
0.79
3.67

1.23
0.02
0.06
0.78
9.23
0.00
0.00
0.11
0.87
2.21
3.11
0.00
0.00
0.26
0.06
0.13
0.00
1.88
0.62
0.26
0.33
0.00
0.01
0.10
0.53
1.39
1.30

107.97

57.73
442.38

15.69

6.48

3.01
2.67
2.34
10.83

4.14

21.39
5.42
139.85
9.85
24.78
5.31
3.55
15.22
1.26
108.58

71.78
14.30
7.41
14.92
8.39
0.49
3.63
9.97
2.28
147.95

11.75
6.22
15.41
23.19
60.48
68.98

Source: Eurostat, April 2013


Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 2

82

PART 2 Energy in the EU

PART 2 Energy in the EU

2.5.Electricity

83

2.5.Electricity

2.5.2. Gross Electricity Generation

2.5.2. Gross Electricity Generation

Gross Electricity Generation

Gross Electricity Generation

Renewables

EU-27 By Fuel

5.9
1%

BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK

9.60
4.71
7.95
14.16
129.36
1.18
5.43
8.41
88.54
69.86
84.89
0.18
3.08
1.69
1.31
2.71
0.01
12.32
44.35
13.57
24.69
16.53
4.02
5.37
24.15
84.18
37.31

1.42
3.69
2.66
0.02
23.51
0.03
0.71
4.28
32.91
49.89
47.76

2.31
0.86
0.40
9.77
48.88
0.37
4.38
3.32
42.43
12.24
9.86
0.11
0.07
0.48
0.06
0.63

4.70
0.06
2.71
4.36
37.60
0.78
0.34
0.21
4.52
5.15
10.82
0.05
0.12
0.16
0.09
1.86

1.17
0.10
2.18
0.02
19.34

0.02

5.10
1.93
3.21
9.16
1.39

7.06
4.53
7.60
2.92
0.20
0.25
0.82
11.22
11.54
12.97

2.89
1.06
1.13
0.22
0.06
37.72
2.76
12.12
14.95
3.70
4.15
12.45
66.56
8.59

Source: Eurostat, April 2013


Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 2

0.01
0.48
6.08
15.50

0.61
8.68
2.05
10.80
0.01

0.5
0%

0.53
5.65

0.03
0.00
0.01
0.10
0.17

0.00

0.28

0.21

Share of Total (%)


1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011

0.07
0.40
0.01
0.01
0.25

Source: Eurostat, April 2013


Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 2

Petroleum
and Products

46.3
7%

Renewables

Geothermal

132.6
19%

Gases

Solar

179.0
26%

Solid Fuels

Biomass
and Renewable
Wastes

335.2
48%

Nuclear

Wind

699.5
100%

Tide, Wave
and Ocean

TWh
EU-27
Share %

Hydro

2011

Renewables

2011

30.7
31.2
31.6
33.0
32.3
32.2
32.7
32.9
32.0
32.1
31.2
31.5
31.6
30.9
30.7
30.1
29.5
27.8
27.8
27.9
27.4
27.6

39.4
38.9
37.3
35.6
35.2
34.6
33.7
31.7
31.3
29.9
30.8
30.2
30.4
31.4
29.9
29.2
29.4
28.5
26.6
25.6
24.8
25.9

8.6
8.2
8.1
9.1
10.1
10.7
12.0
13.8
14.5
16.6
16.9
17.0
17.7
18.4
19.7
21.0
21.3
22.9
24.0
23.5
23.6
22.2

12.5
12.8
13.5
13.8
14.0
13.8
13.3
13.7
14.2
14.2
14.6
15.1
13.8
13.6
14.6
14.7
15.3
16.2
17.4
19.3
20.9
21.3

8.6
8.7
9.1
8.3
8.0
8.3
7.9
7.4
7.4
6.8
5.9
5.5
5.9
5.1
4.4
4.2
4.0
3.3
3.1
3.0
2.6
2.2

84

PART 2 Energy in the EU

PART 2 Energy in the EU

2.5.Electricity

85

2.5.Electricity

2.5.2. Gross Electricity Generation

2.5.3. Market Share of the Largest Producer

Gross Electricity Generation

Market Share of the Largest Electricity Producer

EU-27 Gross Electricity Generation By Fuel 1990-2011 (TWh)


1 200
1 000
800
600
400
200
0
1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010
Solid Fuels
Nuclear

Petroleum and Products


Renewables

Gases
Other

EU-27 Gross Electricity Generation Renewables 1990-2011 (TWh)


1 200
1 000
800

%
BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK

1999
92.3

2000
91.1

2005
85.0

2009
77.7

2010
79.1

2011
70.7

71.0
40.0
28.1
93.0
97.0

69.2
36.0
34.0
91.0
97.0

72.0
33.0
31.0
92.0
71.0

73.7
47.0
26.0
90.0
37.0

73.0
46.0
28.4
89.0
34.0

69.4
42.0
87.0
38.0

51.8
93.8
71.1
99.7
96.5
73.7

42.4
90.2
46.7
99.6
95.8
72.8

35.0
89.1
38.6
100.0
92.7
70.3

32.9
87.3
29.8
100.0
87.0
70.9

38.9
100.0

41.3
100.0

38.7
100.0

43.1
100.0

24.0
86.5
28.0
100.0
88.0
35.4
85.4
42.1
100.0

23.5
86.0
27.0
100.0
86.0
24.9
82.0
44.1
100.0

21.4
20.8
57.8

32.6
19.5
58.5

83.6
26.0
52.8
21.0

85.1
23.3
49.5
20.6

18.5
53.9
36.4
50.1
83.6
23.0
47.0
20.5

18.1
52.4
29.3
55.0
81.7
24.5
44.0
24.5

17.4
47.2
33.6
56.3
80.9
26.6
42.0
21.0

55.3
17.8
44.9
26.0
52.4
77.7
25.6
41.0
45.6

600
400
200
0
1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010
Hydro
Solar

Biomass and Renewable Wastes


Tide, Wave and Ocean

Source: Eurostat, April 2013


Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 2

Wind
Geothermal

Source: Eurostat, April 2013


Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 2

86

PART 2 Energy in the EU

PART 2 Energy in the EU

2.6. Intermittent Energy

87

2.6. Intermittent Energy

2.6.1.Cumulative Capacity

2.6.1. Cumulative Capacity

Intermittent Energy
Cumulative Capacity

Cumulative Capacity
Share of Intermittent Energy

MW
EU-27
BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK

1995
2496.0

2000
12906.0

5.00

14.00

617.00
1155.00

1.00
2391.00
6209.00

6.00
27.00
105.00
5.00
38.00

115.00
226.00
2218.00
64.00
382.00

1.00

2.00
14.00

252.00
1.00

2005
42204.0

2009
2010
2011
91220.0 114468.0 146165.0

169.00
994.00 1816.00 2460.00
8.00
335.00
513.00
695.00
23.00
658.00 1940.00 2126.00
3130.00 3487.00 3809.00 3968.00
19936.00 35577.00 44529.00 54110.00
31.00
104.00
108.00
180.00
494.00 1264.00 1389.00 1631.00
492.00
996.00 1500.00 2249.00
9978.00 22946.00 25346.00 27028.00
736.00 4845.00 7024.00 9451.00
1669.00 6021.00 9264.00 19691.00
1.00
4.00
89.00
144.00
26.00
29.00
30.00
36.00
1.00
98.00
133.00
202.00
59.00
69.00
73.00
86.00
17.00
204.00
295.00
335.00

8.00

460.00
55.00
4.00
84.00

1275.00
808.00
121.00
1066.00

7.00
69.00
200.00

41.00
212.00
414.00

5.00
86.00
497.00
1576.00

2290.00
1065.00
709.00
3441.00
15.00
4.00
4.00
153.00
1457.00
4451.00

2325.00
1135.00
1108.00
3930.00
388.00
12.00
23.00
204.00
2030.00
5455.00

2461.00
1397.00
1801.00
4426.00
988.00
57.00
192.00
206.00
2781.00
7464.00

%
EU-27
BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK

1995
0.4

2000
1.9

2005
5.6

2009
10.9

2010
13.1

2011
15.9

0.03

0.09

5.69
0.99

0.01
19.41
5.24

0.15
0.30
0.23
0.00
0.06

2.44
2.07
4.11
0.06
0.51

0.05

0.10

1.05
0.07
0.13
24.01
15.94
1.21
7.88
3.70
13.03
0.64
1.95
0.09
1.20
0.02
3.51
0.20

5.68
3.49
3.59
26.04
24.21
3.90
16.56
7.00
23.76
4.07
5.94
0.28
1.16
2.08
4.05
2.30

9.91
5.12
9.78
28.35
28.37
3.93
16.29
9.92
24.90
5.64
8.70
5.69
1.17
3.73
4.24
3.28

12.24
6.79
10.53
29.22
31.52
6.37
18.55
13.61
26.29
7.20
16.62
8.27
1.40
5.47
4.94
3.47

0.09

2.18
0.31
0.01
0.77

5.85
4.23
0.38
7.96

0.05
0.21
0.29

0.25
0.63
0.53

0.06
0.52
1.49
1.91

8.81
5.07
2.15
19.78
0.08
0.13
0.06
0.94
4.13
5.08

8.71
5.30
3.32
20.77
1.95
0.38
0.29
1.22
5.57
5.82

8.77
6.13
5.21
22.20
4.82
1.74
2.38
1.23
7.92
7.96

1.15

1.32
0.01

Intermittent Energy Cumulative Capacity All Fuels 1990-2011 (MW)

Intermittent Energy Cumulative Capacity 1990-2011 (%)

400 000

40

300 000

30

200 000

20

100 000

10
EU-27

EU-27
0

1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010

Source: Eurostat, April 2013


Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 2

1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010

Source: Eurostat, April 2013


Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 2

PART 2 Energy in the EU

88

PART 2 Energy in the EU

2.7. Wind Energy

2.7.1.Cumulative Installed Capacity

2.7.1. Cumulative Installed Capacity

Wind Energy
Cumulative Installed Capacity

Cumulative Installed Capacity

Total

Wind Share

MW
EU-27
BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK

89

2.7. Wind Energy

1995
2447

2000
12726

2005
40455

2009
75009

2010
84589

2011
94099

%
EU-27

14

617
1137

1
2390
6095

6
27
98
3
22

115
226
2206
57
363

167
8
22
3127
18428
31
494
491
9918
723
1635

608
333
193
3482
25777
104
1264
950
19176
4582
4879

26
1
35
17

29
98
43
203

912
488
213
3802
27209
108
1389
1298
20693
5994
5794
82
30
133
44
293

1069
541
213
3951
29071
180
1631
1640
21547
6691
6918
134
36
202
45
331

447
50
4
83

1224
778
121
1064

2222
994
709
3326
15

2237
981
1108
3796
388

2316
1080
1800
4256
988

6
67
200

38
209
412

5
82
493
1565

3
147
1448
4424

3
197
2019
5378

3
199
2769
6488

BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK

14

250

1995
0.4

2000
1.9

2005
5.4

2009
9.0

2010
9.7

2011
10.2

0.0

0.1

5.7
1.0

0.0
19.4
5.1

0.1
0.3
0.2
0.0
0.0

2.4
2.1
4.1
0.0
0.5

1.0
0.1
0.1
24.0
14.7
1.2
7.9
3.7
13.0
0.6
1.9

3.5
3.5
1.1
26.0
17.5
3.9
16.6
6.7
19.9
3.8
4.8

0.0

0.1

1.2
0.0
2.1
0.2

1.2
2.1
2.5
2.3

5.0
4.9
1.1
28.3
17.3
3.9
16.3
8.6
20.3
4.8
5.4
5.2
1.2
3.7
2.6
3.3

5.3
5.3
1.1
29.1
16.9
6.4
18.6
9.9
21.0
5.1
5.8
7.7
1.4
5.5
2.6
3.4

0.1

2.1
0.3
0.0
0.8

5.6
4.1
0.4
7.9

8.5
4.7
2.1
19.1
0.1

8.4
4.6
3.3
20.1
1.9

8.3
4.7
5.2
21.3
4.8

0.0
0.2
0.3

0.2
0.6
0.5

0.1
0.5
1.5
1.9

0.0
0.9
4.1
5.1

0.0
1.2
5.5
5.7

0.0
1.2
7.9
6.9

1.1

1.3

Wind Cumulative Installed Capacity 1990-2011 (MW)


200 000
150 000
100 000
50 000
EU-27
0
1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010

Source: Eurostat, April 2013


Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 2

Source: Eurostat, April 2013


Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 2

90

PART 2 Energy in the EU

PART 2 Energy in the EU


2.7. Wind Energy

2.7.2. Annual Installed Capacity

2.7.3. Gross Electricity Production

Annual Installed Capacity

MW
EU-27
BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK

91

2.7. Wind Energy

1995
816

Gross Electricity Production

2000
3700

2005
6181

2009
10582

2010
9580

2011
9510

71

284
219
43
319
1882
27
236
-72
2621
1160
1354

304
155
20
320
1432
4
125
348
1517
1412
915

157
53

1
44

149
1862
72
242
342
854
697
1124
52
6
69
1
38

90
494

631
1957

57

45
117
593
39
131

5
2
1799
24
153
21
1601
360
508

98

37
1
26

1
27
47

13
55

14

69

1
35
1
90

151
197
81
511

73
6
183
469
10

15
-13
399
470
373

79
99
692
460
600

-2
4
634
1018

50
571
954

2
750
1110

41
632

TWh
EU-27
BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK

1995
4.1

2000
22.3

2005
70.4

2009
133.0

2010
149.4

2011
179.0

0.0

0.0

1.2
1.7

4.2
9.4

0.0
0.0
0.3
0.0
0.0

0.2
0.5
4.7
0.1
0.6

0.2
0.0
0.0
6.6
27.2
0.1
1.1
1.3
21.2
1.0
2.3

1.0
0.2
0.3
6.7
38.6
0.2
3.0
2.5
38.1
7.9
6.5

0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0

0.1
0.2
0.1
0.3

1.3
0.7
0.3
7.8
37.8
0.3
2.8
2.7
44.3
10.2
9.1
0.0
0.0
0.2
0.1
0.5

2.3
0.9
0.4
9.8
48.9
0.4
4.4
3.3
42.4
12.2
9.9
0.1
0.1
0.5
0.1
0.6

0.0
0.0

0.3
0.0
0.0
0.0

0.8
0.1
0.0
0.2

2.1
1.3
0.1
1.8

4.6
2.0
1.1
7.6
0.0

4.0
2.1
1.7
9.2
0.3

5.1
1.9
3.2
9.2
1.4

0.0
0.1
0.4

0.1
0.5
0.9

0.0
0.2
0.9
2.9

0.0
0.3
2.5
9.3

0.0
0.3
3.5
10.2

0.0
0.5
6.1
15.5

Wind Annual Installed Capacity 1990-2011 (MW)

Wind Gross Electricity Production 1990-2011 (TWh)

20 000

400

15 000

300

10 000

200
100

5 000

EU-27

EU-27
0

0
1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010

Source: Eurostat, April 2013


Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 2

1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010

Source: Eurostat, April 2013


Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 2

92

PART 2 Energy in the EU

PART 2 Energy in the EU

2.7. Wind Energy

2.7.3. Gross Electricity Production

2.7.4. Average Capacity Factor

Gross Electricity Production

Average Capacity Factor

Wind Share

Wind Share

%
EU-27
BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK

93

2.7. Wind Energy

1995
0.1

2000
0.7

2005
2.1

2009
4.2

2010
4.5

2011
5.5

0.0

0.0

3.2
0.3

11.8
1.6

0.1
0.1
0.2
0.0
0.0

1.0
0.8
2.1
0.0
0.2

0.3
0.0
0.0
18.2
4.4
0.5
4.3
2.1
7.2
0.2
0.8

1.1
0.6
0.4
18.5
6.5
2.2
10.4
4.1
12.9
1.5
2.2

1.0
0.0
1.3
0.0

0.9
1.0
1.6
0.9

1.4
1.5
0.4
20.1
6.0
2.1
9.8
4.7
14.7
1.8
3.0
0.6
0.7
3.9
1.2
1.4

2.6
1.7
0.5
27.8
8.0
2.9
15.9
5.6
14.5
2.2
3.3
2.3
1.2
9.9
1.7
1.7

0.1
2.3

0.4
0.0
0.0
0.0

0.9
0.1
0.0
0.4

2.1
2.0
0.1
3.8

4.0
2.8
0.7
15.1
0.0

3.4
2.9
1.1
17.0
0.5

4.5
2.9
2.0
17.5
2.2

0.0
0.1
0.1

0.1
0.3
0.3

0.0
0.2
0.6
0.7

0.0
0.4
1.8
2.5

0.0
0.4
2.4
2.7

0.0
0.7
4.0
4.2

Source: Eurostat, April 2013


Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 2

%
EU-27
BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK

1995
19.0

2000
19.9

2005
19.9

2009
20.2

2010
20.1

2011
21.7

20.5

13.0

21.8
17.2

20.2
17.5

30.4
14.4
31.4
19.0
4.7

24.2
22.8
24.4
15.4
17.7

15.5
7.1
10.9
24.1
16.9
19.9
25.7
29.4
24.4
15.2
16.4

18.7
8.1
17.0
22.0
17.1
21.4
26.7
30.5
22.7
19.7
15.3

20.6
22.8
16.9
6.7

19.7
18.4
16.7
18.6

16.2
15.9
17.9
23.4
15.8
29.3
23.1
23.9
24.4
19.4
18.0
4.3
18.6
19.2
14.3
20.8

24.7
18.2
21.3
28.2
19.2
23.3
30.6
23.1
22.5
20.9
16.3
9.7
22.5
26.8
16.2
21.6

22.8

21.2
15.3
14.3
23.1

19.3
19.5
12.7
19.0

23.5
22.6
17.3
26.0
6.8

20.4
24.0
17.1
27.6
9.0

25.1
20.4
20.3
24.6
16.0

20.9
16.9
22.3

23.4
24.9
26.2

13.7
23.7
21.7
21.2

22.8
21.5
19.6
24.0

22.8
17.0
19.8
21.6

19.0
27.6
25.0
27.2

22.8
22.0

14.5

Source: Eurostat, April 2013


Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 2

94

PART 2 Energy in the EU

PART 2 Energy in the EU

2.8.CHP

2.8.1.CHP Electricity

2.8.1. CHP Electricity

CHP
CHP Electricity

CHP Electricity

Generation and Capacity

Share in Total Electricity Generation

EU-27
BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK

95

2.8.CHP

CHP Electricity Generation

CHP Electrical Capacity

TWh

GW

2005
365.7

2010
392.6

2011
375.5

2005
98.1

2010
104.9

2011
105.3

7.4
2.7
13.9
18.9
77.9
1.0
0.6
1.0
22.9
23.2
27.4
0.0
1.5
2.3
0.4
6.8

15.2
3.7
12.2
19.1
83.2
1.3
1.9
2.5
22.4
15.7
34.7
0.1
3.0
2.0
0.4
7.3

14.5
3.4
11.2
16.3
79.6
1.3
2.0
2.7
22.1
15.7
34.7
0.0
2.9
1.8
0.4
6.0

1.9
1.2
5.2
5.7
20.8
1.6
0.1
0.2
3.1
6.6
5.9
0.0
0.6
1.0
0.1
2.1

2.6
1.0
4.8
5.8
22.5
0.4
0.3
0.6
3.4
4.6
7.4
0.0
0.9
1.1
0.1
1.9

2.6
1.1
4.7
5.5
26.6
0.4
0.3
0.6
3.0
4.6
7.3
0.0
0.9
1.2
0.1
1.8

29.5
10.1
26.3
5.4
15.6
1.1
4.8
27.5
10.7
27.2

39.2
11.0
27.7
6.4
6.5
1.1
4.4
29.2
18.5
23.6

36.7
10.3
27.1
6.6
7.3
1.1
7.0
26.6
15.1
23.2

7.2
3.3
8.3
1.1
5.3
0.3
1.9
5.8
3.5
5.4

9.3
3.2
8.7
1.3
4.6
0.3
2.8
6.2
5.1
6.1

9.2
3.7
8.8
1.4
2.2
0.3
2.5
6.2
4.0
6.1

Source: Eurostat, April 2013


Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 2

%
EU-27

2005
11.1

2006
10.9

2007
10.9

2009
11.4

2010
11.7

2011
11.2

BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK

8.5
6.1
16.8
52.1
12.6
10.2
2.4
1.7
7.8
4.0
9.0
0.3
30.7
15.5
10.1
19.1

8.7
6.0
15.1
40.7
12.5
10.7
5.6
1.7
7.2
3.2
9.8
0.3
42.6
14.3
10.9
22.4

12.5
9.4
13.0
42.8
12.2
7.1
6.3
1.6
7.1
3.2
10.3
0.3
40.9
13.2
9.9
21.4

14.5
9.4
13.4
45.3
13.0
9.2
6.3
3.0
7.5
4.3
10.2
0.4
19.7
13.9
10.1
20.5

16.0
8.0
14.2
49.2
13.2
10.3
6.7
4.3
7.4
2.8
11.5
1.0
45.0
34.6
9.6
19.6

16.0
6.7
12.8
46.2
13.1
10.4
7.1
4.5
7.6
2.8
11.5
0.9
47.4
37.5
12.1
16.6

29.4
15.4
16.8
11.6
26.2
7.3
15.3
38.9
6.7
6.8

29.9
16.1
16.0
11.6
18.0
7.4
27.6
34.9
8.0
6.3

30.1
15.6
17.3
12.3
10.7
7.2
25.6
34.4
8.2
6.4

32.1
13.2
17.2
11.0
10.8
6.2
19.2
35.8
10.5
6.5

33.2
15.4
17.6
11.8
10.8
6.9
15.9
36.2
12.5
6.2

32.5
15.7
16.6
12.7
11.7
7.1
24.5
36.2
10.0
6.3

Source: Eurostat, April 2013


Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 2

96

PART 2 Energy in the EU

PART 2 Energy in the EU


2.8.CHP

2.8.2. CHP Heat

2.8.3. CHP Electricity and Heat

CHP Heat

CHP Electricity and Heat

Production and Capacity

EU-27 CHP Electricity and Heat Generation (PJ GCV)

CHP Heat Production

CHP Heat Capacity

PJ
EU-27
BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK

97

2.8.CHP

3 500

GW

2005
3112.4

2010
3023.5

2011
2979.1

2010
264.5

2011
264.1

75.9
50.4
150.7
119.0
652.5
11.5
4.4
9.7
192.5
209.2
193.1
0.1
11.9
19.9
1.2
47.4

40.4
135.7
124.7
675.8
12.3
12.0
12.7
153.3
173.9
202.5
0.1
10.4
19.3
3.2
42.2

93.7
38.5
121.1
108.1
638.9
12.3
11.0
13.8
159.0
173.9
202.5
0.2
9.3
15.8
3.1
35.1

4.8
3.9
20.5
10.2
63.9
1.5
0.7
1.0
10.3
13.3
13.9
0.0
0.8
2.5

5.2
4.1
23.4
9.8
66.0
1.5
0.7
0.8
7.9
13.3
13.9

3.4

3.1

220.3
95.8
275.4
59.6
95.4
15.0
33.7
250.0
132.7
185.2

233.6
110.6
277.1
67.2
69.0
11.6
20.1
272.8
187.2
155.5

224.0
96.4
263.5
69.3
71.9
11.0
26.2
255.0
171.5
153.9

18.6
8.6
24.8
4.8
10.8
0.8
9.2
16.0
12.3
7.8

18.8
8.4
24.8
4.6
10.4
0.8
9.7
16.0
9.4
7.8

0.9
2.5

3 000

2 500

2 000

1 500

1 000

500

0
2004

2005

2006

2007

CHP Electricity Generation


Source: Eurostat, April 2013
Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 2

Source: Eurostat, April 2013


Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 2

2008

2009

2010

2011

CHP Heat Production

98

PART 2 Energy in the EU

PART 2 Energy in the EU

2.9.Heat

2.9.1. Gross Heat Generation

2.9.1. Gross Heat Generation

Heat
Gross Heat Generation

Gross Heat Generation

Total

By Fuel

10.0
133.5
175.9
118.9
416.6
31.1

23.2
50.8
139.2
119.2
315.9
27.0

22.4
52.1
139.2
128.5
814.8
26.8

32.0
60.1
121.6
130.2
470.5
24.7

38.3
59.4
130.3
150.1
516.1
25.5

38.1
58.4
123.3
132.2
467.2
22.9

1.2

2.0

2.1

1.9

2.3

23.0

135.5

174.3
193.1

46.1
66.9

31.9
48.2
0.3
69.2

31.1
49.9
0.9
63.6

124.7
180.8
0.0
26.3
47.3
1.1
53.2

153.5
205.3
0.0
28.7
48.8
1.2
53.0

153.3
218.9
0.0
25.0
45.9
1.1
49.3

155.1
47.9
340.7
5.6
190.8
9.4
36.8
149.9
157.9
102.1

170.9
61.6
340.7
13.7
127.7
10.1
52.5
178.9
181.1
57.2

141.2
68.1
313.0
16.1
96.7
9.1
42.2
187.3
187.2
54.5

147.0
86.7
344.8
21.1
99.1
9.8
48.6
210.8
224.0
57.0

142.2
79.9
309.8
20.6
98.9
9.7
43.7
185.5
178.5
57.2

61.3
107.1
39.2
420.8
1.5
287.0
8.9
42.1
97.7
163.1

Source: Eurostat, April 2013


Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 2

2011

PJ (GCV)
EU-27
Share %
BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK

2463.9 1054.5
100.0% 42.8%
38.1
58.4
123.3
132.2
467.2
22.9

Other

2011
2463.9
109%

Nuclear

2010
2661.2
118%

Petroleum
and Products

2009
2389.8
106%

Renewables

2005
2893.0
129%

Solid Fuels

2000
2157.7
96%

702.6
28.5%

406.9
16.5%

149.2
6.1%

4.6
0.2%

146.1
5.9%

22.8
76.7
31.0
153.1
3.8

2.2
0.2
4.7
50.2
45.4
7.1

0.7
3.1
1.4
2.4
5.1
1.2

Gases

BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK

1995
2250.8
100%

Gross Heat
Generation

PJ (GCV)
EU-27
Index 1995

99

2.9.Heat

30.5
28.4
36.7
34.8
222.0
10.8

2.3

2.2

153.3
218.9
0.0
25.0
45.9
1.1
49.3

95.2
126.9

10.9
1.6

20.2
26.6
1.0
41.2

0.3
0.2

142.2
79.9
309.8
20.6
98.9
9.7
43.7
185.5
178.5
57.2

105.1
30.5
31.3
18.2
63.3
2.8
20.2
41.8
18.7
48.4

Source: Eurostat, April 2013


Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 2

0.9
0.9

4.7
3.0
2.9
13.8
41.7

0.0
23.8
57.9

11.7
3.6

0.5
0.9
0.0
0.2

0.0
10.2

3.3

11.7
28.9
0.0
4.0
8.0
0.1
3.5

15.9
2.7
253.6

8.8
36.9
15.4

25.3
5.6
11.2
62.3
13.0
7.1

2.1
1.1
4.6
64.0
108.1

6.8
5.3
6.0
2.4
8.2
0.1
5.3
9.5
6.7
1.6

0.5

2.2

0.5
5.6
4.4
3.5
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.3
7.9
32.0

PART 2 Energy in the EU

100

PART 2 Energy in the EU

2.9.Heat

101

2.10.Transport

2.9.1. Gross Heat Generation

2.10.1. Final Consumption Petroleum Products

Gross Heat Generation

Transport
Final Consumption Petroleum Products

EU-27 Gross Heat Generation Total 1990-2011 (GVC)

EU-27

500
0
1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010

EU-27 Gross Heat Generation By Fuel 1990-2011 (PJ-GCV)


1 600
1 400
1 200
1 000
800
600
400

Biodiesel

1 000

Biogasoline

1 500

ktoe
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011

Total Biofuels

2 000

Gas/Diesel Oil

2 500

Motor Gasoline

3 000

Total
Petroleum
Products

3 500

275433
277916
286183
289370
292661
296260
306219
311627
322958
332310
333188
335661
338449
343146
353022
355364
360614
364702
359122
346516
343509
341689

135464
136137
138442
137906
136501
135675
137066
136529
136792
137374
131468
129195
127270
123385
119748
114519
110601
106914
101634
97866
92451
88704

106155
108752
112938
115718
119024
121945
128498
132262
140519
146860
151729
157437
162455
169331
179446
184416
191573
197651
196493
191202
194295
194876

6
6
20
49
136
211
312
422
397
441
700
821
1096
1420
1975
3112
5511
6745
9560
11915
13307
13958

5
24
25
24
39
55
63
60
58
65
158
241
291
559
856
1186
1823
2308
2834
2892

4
12
81
146
214
276
233
253
402
424
426
442
963
1374
2320
4250
6839
9105
9937
10644

EU-27 Final Consumption of Fuel in the Transport Sector (ktoe) 1990-2011

200

400 000

350 000
1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010
Solid Fuels
Nuclear

Petroleum and Products


Renewables

Gases
Other

300 000
250 000
200 000
150 000
100 000
50 000
0
1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010
Total Petroleum Products
Total Biofuels

Source: Eurostat, April 2013


Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 2

Source: Eurostat, April 2013


Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 2

Gas/Diesel Oil
Biogasoline

Motor Gasoline
Biodiesel

102

PART 2 Energy in the EU

PART 2 Energy in the EU

2.10.Transport

2.10.2.Biofuels

2.10.2.Biofuels

EU-27 Production Biofuels 1990-2011 (ktoe)

4
12
65
145
207
245
207
238
396
459
491
568
1761
2467
4334
5905
7132
7945
8522
8112

0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
0.1%
0.1%
0.1%
0.2%
0.1%
0.2%
0.2%
0.3%
0.4%
0.5%
0.7%
1.0%
1.8%
2.2%
3.1%
4.0%
4.4%
4.7%

ktoe
6
7
18
45
127
211
306
391
372
426
697
866
1169
1566
2812
4585
8038
9741
10927
11802
13298
11455

2
18
25
24
39
53
63
58
59
70
159
239
266
467
739
1007
1410
1746
1983
1751

of Biodiesel
in Gas/Diesel Oil

Total Biofuels

Share in Transport Fuels

Biodiesel

Production

of Biogasoline
in Motor Gasoline

EU-27 By Fuel

Biogasoline

Biofuels

Total Biofuels

Biofuels

Share of Total (%)


1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011

103

2.10.Transport

14 000
12 000
10 000
8 000
6 000
4 000

0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
0.1%
0.1%
0.2%
0.2%
0.5%
0.8%
1.1%
1.8%
2.3%
3.0%
3.2%

0.0%
0.0%
0.1%
0.1%
0.2%
0.2%
0.2%
0.2%
0.3%
0.3%
0.3%
0.3%
0.5%
0.7%
1.2%
2.1%
3.4%
4.5%
4.9%
5.2%

2 000
0
1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010
Total Biofuels

Biogasoline

Biodiesel

EU-27 Biofuels Share in Transport Fuels 1990-2011 (%)


6
5
4
3
2
1
0
1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010
Biofuels (Total Share)
Biodiesel in Gas/Diesel Oil

Source: Eurostat, April 2013


Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 2

Source: Eurostat, April 2013


Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 2

Biogasoline in Motor Gasoline

104

PART 2 Energy in the EU

PART 2 Energy in the EU

2.11. Energy Efficiency

2.11.1. Energy Intensity

2.11.2. Energy per Capita

Energy Efficiency
Energy Intensity

Energy per Capita

All Fuels

All Fuels

toe/M '2005
EU-27
Index 1995
BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK

105

2.11. Energy Efficiency

1995
191.2
100%

2000
171.2
90%

2005
164.8
86%

2009
150.1
79%

2010
152.0
79%

2011
144.4
76%

kgoe/cap
EU-27
Index 1995

1995
3486.2
100%

2000
3571.1
102%

2005
3709.6
106%

2009
3403.5
98%

2010
3505.9
101%

2011
3375.0
97%

222.3
1329.3
533.4
119.8
173.8
967.4
140.1
178.5
161.3
174.1
130.9
202.2
694.2
759.9
177.0
419.7
202.7
185.8
141.4
619.8
171.7
759.4
311.7
700.4
270.3
228.9
164.5

211.2
1050.2
481.9
101.6
159.1
627.3
111.2
178.5
159.9
162.6
128.5
206.2
429.7
496.3
143.9
349.5
172.6
159.2
129.3
427.7
169.6
609.5
267.2
593.4
238.1
182.4
145.2

194.4
863.3
432.7
95.3
155.5
497.4
92.7
162.6
158.8
161.0
131.2
185.2
346.8
418.4
159.0
312.1
196.4
160.7
140.3
380.8
177.6
493.1
254.1
496.1
222.7
173.4
126.7

184.7
664.8
363.9
94.5
142.9
487.1
87.8
150.6
137.2
149.1
121.9
185.0
345.4
392.4
135.9
292.0
158.5
150.9
127.0
321.8
160.3
386.8
229.6
362.8
216.3
150.7
110.8

190.8
675.1
374.9
98.0
141.2
542.9
90.1
148.8
137.1
151.0
123.8
176.9
365.6
311.2
140.4
295.3
173.7
158.3
133.4
330.8
153.7
393.0
231.0
370.1
228.1
159.3
111.7

181.9
712.4
355.9
90.7
129.0
505.3
82.1
155.1
135.0
143.9
121.5
173.4
324.0
302.3
136.0
282.1
202.3
146.4
125.9
318.3
153.1
392.1
230.2
349.1
211.9
147.6
103.6

BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK

5340.5
2784.9
4036.3
3877.5
4190.1
3824.3
3047.0
2244.4
2593.4
4069.0
2866.5
2995.2
1860.9
2402.5
8151.4
2543.4
1988.2
4738.9
3437.4
2612.7
2058.9
2081.9
3048.7
3346.8
5785.9
5699.7
3824.0

5779.1 5631.2
2289.6 2601.0
4017.2 4424.0
3708.3 3646.3
4180.9 4195.7
3618.3 4127.5
3733.8 3632.1
2589.0 2826.7
3075.9 3326.9
4247.9 4393.7
3087.3 3216.7
3448.3 3409.5
1580.5 2002.9
2043.9 2646.8
8366.3 10336.1
2477.7 2746.5
2048.4 2401.2
4809.1 5057.7
3642.2 4182.1
2347.7 2438.7
2455.2 2597.5
1641.7 1819.7
3229.9 3648.9
3328.7 3544.3
6360.0 6684.1
5371.9 5729.7
3935.2 3883.2

5385.4
2319.6
4042.7
3486.7
3987.1
3960.7
3242.9
2720.5
2840.0
4030.5
2823.7
3464.0
2020.9
2704.1
8792.7
2529.7
2039.6
4938.4
3907.8
2498.4
2344.5
1653.8
3484.8
3102.3
6434.3
4917.9
3349.3

5651.3
2380.7
4258.3
3657.8
4110.9
4562.6
3288.2
2550.6
2821.0
4125.9
2902.1
3269.0
2163.9
2220.2
9176.3
2597.9
2286.9
5238.9
4175.2
2642.6
2291.3
1663.7
3537.5
3296.0
6977.8
5493.5
3408.5

5436.9
2623.4
4126.8
3410.5
3867.9
4598.2
3026.2
2470.8
2786.7
3978.9
2848.0
3140.2
2062.6
2332.2
8829.1
2530.5
2690.9
4871.2
4031.7
2651.5
2243.9
1700.3
3539.8
3202.3
6634.9
5239.5
3168.5

EU-27 Energy Intensity 1990-2011 (toe/M2005)

EU-27 Energy per Capita 1990-2011 (kgoe/cap)

250

4 000

200

3 000

150
2 000
100
1 000

50
EU-27
0

EU-27
0

1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010

Source: Eurostat, April 2013. DG Economic and Financial Affairs, May 2013
Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 2

1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010

Source: Eurostat, April 2013. DG Economic and Financial Affairs, May 2013
Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 2

106

PART 2 Energy in the EU

PART 2 Energy in the EU

2.11. Energy Efficiency

2.11.3. Final Electricity per Capita

2.11.4. Primary Energy Efficiency

Final Electricity per Capita

Primary Energy Efficiency

All Fuels

All Fuels

kWh/cap
EU-27
Index 1995
BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK

107

2.11. Energy Efficiency

1995
4700.2
100%

2000
5215.0
111%

2005
5631.1
120%

2009
5395.4
115%

2010
5623.6
120%

2011
5502.0
117%

6752.3 7568.0 7657.2 7159.9 7655.2 7297.8


3412.9 2968.3 3331.6 3539.4 3597.3 3867.6
4654.3 4807.1 5402.6 5234.1 5439.8 5397.2
5904.8 6079.8 6175.3 5694.7 5792.1 5637.1
5525.4 5882.3 6317.4 6052.8 6469.9 6377.2
3163.5 3637.5 4482.4 4961.2 5154.8 4944.8
4123.6 5333.2 5853.9 5566.7 5577.0 5435.0
3205.4 3952.5 4584.3 4849.3 4697.7 4583.5
3577.5 4680.6 5581.4 5220.6 5313.4 5202.0
5773.4 6338.5 6715.1 6482.3 6850.6 6439.8
4191.7 4793.9 5133.9 4818.1 4948.7 4970.5
3415.5 4317.0 5361.9 5879.7 5885.8 5548.4
1796.7 1890.9 2559.0 2849.2 2963.3 3009.4
1751.1 1770.8 2406.6 2651.8 2692.3 2831.5
12200.2 13215.1 13210.2 12272.2 12963.5 12497.1
2686.0 2883.3 3205.9 3307.5 3420.7 3463.8
3332.5 4018.4 4853.7 4124.5 3860.1 4331.3
5349.4 6141.6 6404.9 6290.2 6433.0 6438.1
5877.0 6433.3 7087.8 7051.9 7310.8 7308.0
2343.4 2578.4 2762.1 2952.5 3089.3 3164.5
2871.7 3752.6 4391.0 4500.8 4689.9 4540.9
1603.4 1512.8 1797.0 1751.6 1927.9 1998.0
4698.1 5288.5 6368.4 5530.8 5840.4 6141.2
4051.6 4075.4 4241.6 4263.4 4444.8 4560.2
12768.1 14619.6 15389.7 14437.4 15564.4 14895.1
14111.9 14509.1 14473.8 13268.7 13991.3 13188.7
5079.2 5594.2 5788.6 5206.9 5280.7 5069.1

toe/M'2005
EU-27
Index 1995
BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK

1995
178.5
100%

2000
159.5
89%

2005
153.8
86%

2009
140.4
79%

2010
142.0
80%

2011
134.7
75%

198.4
1259.3
501.2
117.9
159.9
936.5
133.1
174.9
148.9
161.3
123.1
195.7
687.9
712.5
174.5
394.1

187.2
995.2
456.4
100.1
144.7
604.6
106.9
173.9
147.8
151.1
122.4
198.9
421.1
450.3
142.4
327.7

162.3
134.3
596.8
154.6
739.4
305.7
655.0
259.5
219.9
155.3

137.4
121.7
407.0
153.8
578.3
257.3
539.5
230.1
175.8
138.1

169.6
826.8
404.0
93.9
141.5
481.1
90.8
158.6
149.6
151.5
125.3
180.0
339.3
380.1
158.2
287.8
192.4
135.4
133.3
362.2
161.4
460.6
243.3
456.5
214.3
165.7
120.5

161.6
643.2
341.9
93.2
130.8
481.4
86.8
146.1
129.6
141.3
115.8
180.1
339.3
359.1
135.2
270.2
156.5
123.8
120.0
306.2
150.4
360.9
222.2
332.7
206.3
144.9
106.4

167.3
659.5
351.6
96.7
128.8
538.5
88.5
143.1
129.7
143.4
117.0
171.5
359.7
278.8
139.5
272.8
172.1
130.1
126.3
314.9
142.8
367.5
224.4
343.9
219.2
152.8
107.3

158.6
694.1
334.6
89.3
116.8
501.9
80.4
150.2
127.9
136.2
113.7
169.1
316.6
249.9
135.1
260.0
201.3
121.3
120.0
303.1
142.1
366.3
226.3
320.2
204.0
141.9
99.4

EU-27 Final Electricity per Capita -1990-2011 (kWh/cap)

EU-27 Primary Energy Efficiency -1990-2011 (toe/M 2005)

8 000

250
200

6 000

150
4 000

100

2 000

50
EU-27

0
1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010

Source: Eurostat, April 2013. DG Economic and Financial Affairs, May 2013
Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 2

EU-27
0
1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010

Source: Eurostat, April 2013. DG Economic and Financial Affairs, May 2013
Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 2

PART 2 Energy in the EU

108

PART 2 Energy in the EU

2.11. Energy Efficiency

109

2.12. RES Indicators

2.11.5. Carbon Intensity

2.12.1. RES Share

Carbon Intensity

RES Indicators
RES Share*

All Fuels

Overall and Heating & Cooling

kg CO2/toe
EU-27
Index 1995

1995
2604.1
100%

2000
2531.1
97%

2005
2494.0
96%

2008
2457.6
94%

2009
2387.2
92%

2010
2372.3
91%

%
EU-27

2006
9.2

Overall RES with Aviation Cap


2009
11.9

2010
12.7

2011**
13.0

2006
10.6

2009
13.6

2010
14.3

2011**
15.1

BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK

2584.8
2730.1
3087.4
3340.8
2784.5
3302.4
3341.7
4217.6
2653.4
1699.3
2791.5
3653.7
2074.2
1820.1
2905.7
2367.9
4041.5
2917.1
2389.7
3605.7
2718.8
2879.2
2487.8
2505.9
2024.9
1267.9
2601.8

2459.7
2570.1
3066.0
3040.3
2671.9
3131.1
3302.9
4141.8
2712.6
1684.4
2700.1
3590.1
1917.4
1739.3
2618.9
2346.1
4913.4
2904.1
2319.7
3538.5
2720.2
2752.7
2380.1
2303.6
1820.4
1276.3
2531.0

2606.9
2630.8
2828.8
2830.8
2592.6
3049.3
3342.6
3978.4
2798.4
1615.4
2674.4
3845.2
1958.6
1687.8
2754.0
2215.0
6962.5
2919.4
2376.4
3436.4
2640.7
2766.4
2303.4
2239.0
1694.7
1195.6
2551.4

2605.4
2759.0
2759.1
2781.3
2571.2
3104.2
3168.5
3878.7
2652.1
1538.1
2656.1
3600.1
1988.2
1668.7
2661.9
2129.7
6314.8
2809.8
2217.5
3323.5
2565.9
2695.3
2356.9
2248.5
1683.5
1190.0
2635.7

2326.1
2656.1
2756.4
2709.7
2505.3
2824.5
3002.3
3759.0
2587.1
1533.6
2539.7
3529.2
1979.9
1579.4
2688.8
2022.6
8197.9
2768.7
2115.9
3299.0
2443.6
2508.6
2281.1
2152.3
1675.1
1223.5
2535.3

2280.8
2722.7
2698.6
2626.4
2536.2
3111.9
2935.5
3751.7
2494.2
1519.1
2521.2
3500.6
2123.4
2103.4
2653.6
2004.5
6603.3
2695.6
2123.7
3285.7
2332.2
2461.8
2242.8
2132.3
1763.5
1196.8
2542.5

BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK

2.7
9.6
6.5
16.5
6.9
16.3
3.1
7.4
9.0
10.0
6.0
3.0
31.1
16.9
1.5
5.1
0.2
2.7
26.6
7.1
20.8
17.2
15.6
6.7
30.6
43.8
1.6

4.7
11.9
8.7
20.2
9.5
23.0
5.3
8.6
12.8
12.9
9.1
5.3
34.3
20.0
2.9
8.2
0.3
4.2
31.0
8.9
24.6
22.6
19.0
10.4
32.0
49.4
3.0

5.4
13.8
9.4
22.2
11.0
24.3
5.8
9.7
13.8
13.5
10.4
5.7
32.6
19.7
2.9
8.8
0.4
3.8
30.1
9.5
24.6
23.6
19.9
9.8
33.0
49.1
3.3

4.1
13.8
9.4
23.1
12.3
25.9
6.7
11.6
15.1
11.5
11.5
5.4
33.1
20.3
2.9
8.1
0.4
4.3
30.9
10.4
24.9
21.4
18.8
9.7
31.7
46.8
3.8

3.7
14.9
9.6
24.5
5.7
30.7
3.3
12.5
10.9
12.2
4.6
9.3
42.6
29.4
3.8
7.5
2.6
2.5
26.7
10.4
34.1
17.6
18.6
4.6
41.3
59.4
1.0

5.1
21.0
11.9
30.8
8.5
41.8
3.9
15.9
12.8
15.4
8.2
14.6
47.9
34.5
4.6
10.5
2.1
3.1
31.2
11.9
37.9
26.4
24.9
8.5
43.3
68.1
1.7

5.2
23.7
12.0
31.9
10.5
42.8
4.0
16.2
12.7
16.9
9.5
16.3
43.8
33.0
5.0
11.1
3.1
2.8
30.8
12.0
34.5
27.2
26.6
8.0
44.4
66.2
1.8

4.3
23.8
12.8
33.6
12.0
46.0
5.0
20.1
13.5
16.7
11.0
18.1
44.7
33.8
5.0
12.3
5.6
3.3
31.1
13.3
35.5
24.3
27.3
9.6
44.3
64.5
2.2

EU-27 Carbon Intensity 1990-2011 (C0 2 /toe)


3 000

2 000

1 000
EU-27
0
1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010

Source: Eurostat, April 2013. EEA, May 2013


Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 2

* in the Gross Energy Consumption


** Break in Series Between 2010 and 2011
Due to the Application of the Biofuels Compliance Rules
Source: Eurostat, April 2013
Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 2

RES-H&C Heating and Cooling

110

PART 2 Energy in the EU

PART 2 Energy in the EU

2.12. RES Indicators

2.12. RES Indicators

2.12.1. RES Share

2.12.1. RES Share

RES Share*

RES Share*

Electricity and Transport

In Gross Final Energy EU-27 (%)

RES-E Electricity Generation

111

50

RE-T Transport

%
EU-27

2006
15.2

2009
18.8

2010
19.6

2011**
21.7

2006
1.9

2009
4.2

2010
4.7

2011**
3.8

BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK

2.9
9.4
4.2
24.1
11.5
1.5
8.3
8.9
19.8
14.1
15.9
0.0
40.4
4.0
3.2
3.5

5.8
11.3
6.4
28.3
17.2
6.1
13.7
10.5
27.8
15.0
18.8
0.6
42.0
5.9
4.1
7.0

3.3
0.6
3.8
0.2
5.3
0.2
1.9
1.1
3.5
6.1
3.8
2.0
1.2
4.2
2.2
4.2

0.5
4.0
0.9
1.3
0.8
0.4
3.0
0.4
4.9
0.5

4.2
6.5
4.8
3.9
1.6
2.0
9.2
4.1
7.3
2.6

4.3
1.0
4.6
0.3
5.7
0.2
2.4
1.9
4.7
6.1
4.8
2.0
3.3
3.6
2.0
4.7
0.3
3.0
5.4
5.9
5.6
3.2
2.9
7.8
3.9
7.7
3.0

0.3
0.4
0.6
0.2
6.1
0.2
2.8
1.8
5.9
0.5
4.7

9.1
68.0
5.9
38.2
30.9
33.8
17.8
27.2
58.3
6.6

8.8
12.9
10.6
35.9
21.3
12.3
17.6
14.6
31.5
16.5
23.5
3.4
44.7
9.0
4.1
6.4
0.1
9.8
66.1
8.2
46.5
31.1
30.8
19.8
29.2
59.6
8.7

0.2
0.6
0.8
0.2
5.5
0.2
0.1
0.0
0.7
2.0
0.9
0.1
1.1
1.7
0.1
0.4

6.6
62.3
3.1
30.0
28.1
28.2
15.9
26.4
51.8
4.5

6.9
12.9
7.5
32.9
18.1
10.4
14.8
11.9
29.5
14.9
20.1
1.4
42.0
7.4
3.8
7.1
0.1
9.7
65.5
6.7
41.2
30.5
32.2
17.8
27.6
56.0
7.4

4.8
3.7
2.0
0.5
4.6
7.6
6.5
0.4
2.1
2.1
0.4
0.4
8.8
2.9

45

30

35

30

25

20

15

10

0
2006
* In the Gross Final Energy
** Break in Series Between 2010 and 2011
Due to the Application of the Biofuels Compliance Rules
Source: Eurostat, April 2013
Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 2

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011**

Overall RES with Aviation Cap

RES-E Electricity Generation

RES-H&C Heating and Cooling

RE-T Transport

* In the Gross Final Energy


** Break in Series Between 2010 and 2011 Due to the Application of the Biofuels Compliance Rules
Source: Eurostat, April 2013 Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 2

112

PART 2 Energy in the EU

PART 2 Energy in the EU

2.13. Energy Prices and Taxes

2.13. Energy Prices and Taxes

2.13.1.Prices of Transport Fuels

2.13.1. Prices of Transport Fuels

113

Energy Prices and Taxes


Prices of Transport Fuels

Prices of Transport Fuels

Automotive Diesel Oil (All Taxes Included)

Euro Super 95 Prices (All Taxes Included)

Current Prices in per litre


EU-27*
BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK

* EU-25 prices in 2005


Source: DG ENERGY, Member States
Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 2

2005
1.03

2009
1.01

2010
1.17

2011
1.37

2012
1.50

0.99

0.95
0.84
0.99
1.05
1.07
0.91
1.02
0.97
0.91
1.00
1.08
0.83
0.92
0.89
0.85
0.96
0.96
1.00
0.97
0.84
1.00
0.83
1.01
1.10
0.99
1.04
1.17

1.14
0.98
1.21
1.21
1.20
1.10
1.22
1.24
1.07
1.14
1.21
1.00
1.06
1.02
0.99
1.16
1.04
1.15
1.10
1.06
1.15
1.03
1.15
1.11
1.13
1.25
1.39

1.37
1.17
1.39
1.41
1.38
1.27
1.41
1.47
1.27
1.33
1.44
1.25
1.27
1.23
1.17
1.36
1.30
1.35
1.33
1.22
1.37
1.24
1.24
1.34
1.37
1.51
1.60

1.46
1.27
1.45
1.49
1.49
1.37
1.55
1.54
1.37
1.40
1.71
1.35
1.37
1.33
1.26
1.50
1.37
1.45
1.41
1.36
1.45
1.32
1.36
1.44
1.55
1.67
1.76

0.93
1.02
1.06
0.80
1.03
0.89
0.90
1.02
1.11
0.84
0.80
0.82
0.84
1.02
0.88
1.02
0.95
0.92
0.93
0.91
0.97
0.97
1.08
1.33

Current Prices in per litre


EU-27*
BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK

* EU-25 prices in 2005


Source: DG ENERGY, Member States
Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 2

2005
1.17

2009
1.16

2010
1.33

2011
1.49

2012
1.62

1.22

1.24
0.88
1.03
1.28
1.26
0.92
1.11
1.00
1.01
1.21
1.23
0.88
0.96
1.02
1.03
1.00
1.12
1.35
1.04
0.96
1.23
0.84
1.05
1.11
1.28
1.12
1.12

1.40
1.02
1.25
1.44
1.39
1.11
1.30
1.43
1.16
1.34
1.36
1.04
1.09
1.18
1.16
1.22
1.19
1.49
1.19
1.13
1.37
1.06
1.20
1.25
1.43
1.34
1.36

1.54
1.17
1.41
1.61
1.53
1.24
1.48
1.67
1.32
1.50
1.55
1.21
1.28
1.32
1.29
1.37
1.38
1.64
1.36
1.24
1.54
1.23
1.29
1.44
1.56
1.54
1.54

1.65
1.28
1.46
1.70
1.65
1.36
1.62
1.75
1.43
1.57
1.79
1.32
1.41
1.41
1.39
1.48
1.48
1.76
1.45
1.36
1.64
1.27
1.48
1.54
1.67
1.71
1.68

0.95
1.21
1.22
0.80
1.05
0.89
0.96
1.16
1.22
0.86
0.81
0.83
1.02
1.05
0.94
1.35
1.03
1.00
1.14
0.92
0.96
1.22
1.18
1.27

114

PART 2 Energy in the EU

PART 2 Energy in the EU

2.13. Energy Prices and Taxes

2.13. Energy Prices and Taxes

2.13.1. Prices of Transport Fuels

115

2.13.2. Taxation of Energy Products

Prices of Transport Fuels

Taxation of Energy Products

Consumer Prices of Petroleum Products

Excise Duties*

EU-27 Weighted Average* ( per litre)

1.40

1.20

1.00

0.80

0.60

0.40

Heating
Gas Oil
Non-Business Use

/litre
BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK

Automotive
Gas Oil

1.60

Euro-Super 95

1.80

0.614
0.363
0.512
0.593
0.655
0.423
0.588
0.670
0.456
0.607
0.728
0.429
0.415
0.434
0.462
0.432
0.469
0.747
0.482
0.406
0.585
0.360
0.576
0.551
0.650
0.664
0.674

0.428
0.330
0.437
0.444
0.470
0.393
0.479
0.330
0.331
0.428
0.617
0.400
0.336
0.330
0.335
0.398
0.382
0.440
0.425
0.355
0.368
0.330
0.449
0.386
0.463
0.573
0.674

0.018
0.026
0.437
0.347
0.061
0.111
0.102
0.330
0.085
0.057
0.403
0.125
0.022
0.021
0.010
0.398
0.142
0.440
0.128
0.057
0.292
0.330
0.138
0.386
0.163
0.461
0.130

0.20

0.00
2005

2006

2007

Euro-Super 95/l

2008

2009

2010

2011

Automotive Gas Oil/ Diesel Oil

* All Taxes Included


Source: DG ENERGY, Member States
Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 2

2012

2013

LPG Motor Fuel

* Source: DG Taxation and Customs Union, Excise Duties, January 2013


Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 2

116

PART 2 Energy in the EU

PART 2 Energy in the EU

2.13. Energy Prices and Taxes

2.13. Energy Prices and Taxes

2.13.2. Taxation of Energy Products

2.13.3. Fuel Prices Domestic Consumers

Natural Gas
Heating
Non-Business Use

Gas Band D2: 20GJ < Consumption < 200GJ

Electricity
Non-Business Use

VAT

Heating Gasoil
Non-Business Use

Fuel Prices Domestic Consumers*

Euro-Super 95
& Automotive
Gas Oil

Taxation of Energy Products

%
BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK

117

21.0
20.0
21.0
25.0
19.0
20.0
23.0
23.0
21.0
19.6
21.0
18.0
21.0
21.0
15.0
27.0
18.0
21.0
20.0
23.0
23.0
24.0
20.0
20.0
24.0
25.0
20.0

21.0
20.0
21.0
25.0
19.0
20.0
13.5
23.0
18.0
19.6
21.0
18.0
21.0
21.0
12.0
27.0
18.0
21.0
20.0
23.0
13.0
24.0
20.0
20.0
24.0
25.0
20.0

21.0
20.0
21.0
25.0
19.0
20.0
13.5
13.0
21.0
19.6
21.0
17.0
21.0
21.0
6.0
27.0
18.0
21.0
20.0
23.0
23.0
24.0
20.0
0.0
24.0
25.0
5.0

21.0
20.0
21.0
25.0
19.0
20.0
13.5
13.0
21.0
19.6
10.0
17.0
21.0
21.0
6.0
27.0
18.0
21.0
20.0
23.0
23.0
24.0
20.0
20.0
24.0
25.0
5.0

* Source: DG Taxation and Customs Union, Excise Duties, January 2013


Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 2

/GJ (GCV) 2nd Semester


EU-27

2007
14.43

2008
17.45

2009
14.75

2010
15.86

2011
18.16

2012
19.87

BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK

13.89
8.98
10.06
36.88
17.04
7.30
16.85
0.00
16.15
14.32
17.15
:
8.65
6.52
10.12
10.62
:
19.14
16.95
11.15
18.13
9.51
14.14
11.51
:
24.80
9.91

20.24
10.86
14.69
26.57
21.17
10.30
18.05
0.00
18.14
16.06
19.99
:
13.88
10.63
14.28
12.93
:
21.03
17.11
14.30
17.48
9.33
19.77
12.92
:
28.22
13.29

14.33
9.67
13.11
26.77
16.35
10.07
15.29
0.00
14.88
16.20
14.84
:
10.52
11.29
12.82
13.23
:
18.67
17.23
12.78
16.52
7.45
14.96
13.21
:
26.12
11.84

16.78
11.98
14.35
30.11
15.86
11.14
14.63
0.00
15.00
15.98
21.86
:
11.28
12.59
13.13
15.38
:
19.84
16.71
14.04
17.49
7.73
18.68
12.39
:
29.48
11.72

20.31
13.10
16.53
30.14
17.77
12.14
17.17
0.00
15.00
17.95
24.32
:
12.69
14.99
15.24
15.82
:
24.54
20.03
13.90
20.51
7.68
22.01
14.21
:
32.37
14.53

20.39
15.44
18.36
30.09
18.01
14.38
18.68
28.25
25.32
18.95
26.89
:
15.57
16.97
16.49
17.56
:
23.46
21.20
16.00
23.69
7.61
20.28
14.29
:
35.22
16.05

* All Taxes Included


Source: Eurostat, June 2013
Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 2

118

PART 2 Energy in the EU

PART 2 Energy in the EU

2.13. Energy Prices and Taxes

2.13. Energy Prices and Taxes

2.13.3. Fuel Prices Domestic Consumers

119

2.13.4. Fuel Prices Industrial Consumers

Fuel Prices Domestic Consumers*

Fuel Prices Industrial Consumers*

Electricity Band DC: 2500 kWh < Consumption < 5000 kWh

Gas Band I3: 10000 GJ < Consumption < 100000 GJ

/100 kWh 2nd Semester


EU-27

2007
15.63

2008
16.67

2009
16.37

2010
17.28

2011
18.36

2012
19.66

/GJ (GCV) 2nd Semester


EU-27

2007
9.92

2008
12.79

2009
9.75

2010
11.14

2011
12.54

2012
13.42

BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK

16.83
7.21
10.63
24.01
21.05
7.86
19.18
9.84
14.00
12.22
N/A
15.73
7.29
8.70
16.45
12.96
9.18
17.20
17.40
13.80
15.62
11.41
11.16
13.70
11.49
16.13
14.81

21.52
8.23
12.99
27.85
21.95
8.50
20.33
10.99
15.57
12.03
22.27
20.40
10.03
8.65
16.09
15.53
15.36
17.80
17.72
12.95
15.25
11.03
11.56
15.26
12.73
17.46
16.03

18.64
8.18
13.94
25.53
22.94
9.20
18.55
10.32
16.84
12.07
19.97
16.42
10.54
9.26
18.82
16.62
15.13
18.41
19.09
12.91
15.94
9.79
13.41
15.60
12.89
16.46
14.07

19.74
8.30
13.92
27.08
24.38
10.04
18.75
12.11
18.51
13.50
19.20
20.21
10.48
12.16
17.47
15.74
17.00
16.96
19.30
13.82
16.66
10.52
14.26
16.37
13.70
19.58
14.49

21.19
8.74
14.66
29.75
25.31
10.42
20.86
12.38
20.88
14.23
20.84
24.13
13.42
12.21
16.60
15.53
17.00
17.73
19.65
13.51
18.81
10.85
14.92
17.10
13.70
20.44
15.84

22.23
9.55
15.01
29.72
26.76
11.23
22.89
14.18
22.75
14.50
22.97
29.09
13.69
12.68
17.06
15.57
17.00
18.95
20.24
15.29
20.63
10.75
15.42
17.22
15.59
20.83
17.85

BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK

9.46
6.02
8.11
9.18
12.84
5.94
10.86
0.00
8.21
10.06
9.19
:
9.10
7.98
9.27
10.29
:
10.83
:
8.80
8.61
9.39
10.61
9.45
8.30
20.19
8.42

13.04
8.91
13.03
21.13
16.43
10.34
12.20
0.00
10.48
12.84
12.45
:
12.99
14.33
12.04
14.06
:
12.66
:
11.39
9.67
9.24
15.19
15.61
11.40
23.13
10.21

10.14
7.15
9.00
16.94
11.44
7.66
8.08
0.00
8.73
10.34
8.62
:
9.30
9.09
10.65
12.57
:
12.31
:
10.20
7.59
7.06
11.54
10.60
9.70
20.48
6.96

9.91
10.10
12.08
21.93
14.64
9.43
9.66
0.00
9.54
11.46
9.19
:
10.70
11.37
12.46
12.42
:
10.92
:
11.01
9.82
7.57
14.17
12.16
11.23
22.27
7.43

11.17
10.62
11.50
22.72
16.45
10.31
12.13
0.00
10.88
12.39
10.84
:
11.30
14.47
14.61
15.25
:
11.36
:
10.85
11.96
8.53
17.28
13.64
15.72
26.19
9.23

11.65
13.32
11.27
24.29
16.09
11.93
12.95
18.12
12.44
13.28
12.26
:
13.39
15.49
15.08
18.12
:
12.22
14.65
12.80
14.35
9.09
18.36
13.76
16.26
27.45
10.79

* All Taxes Included


Source: Eurostat, June 2013
Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 2

* All Taxes Included


Source: Eurostat, June 2013
Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 2

120

PART 2 Energy in the EU


2.13. Energy Prices and Taxes

Part3

2.13.4. Fuel Prices Industrial Consumers

Fuel Prices Industrial Consumers*


Electricity Band IC: 500 MWh < Consumption < 2000 MWh
/100 kWh 2nd Semester
EU-27

2007
11.48

2008
12.49

2009
12.52

2010
12.84

2011
13.69

2012
14.66

BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK

11.49
6.80
11.28
20.74
13.53
6.26
13.88
8.63
11.06
6.86
:
15.97
7.02
8.78
10.35
13.54
12.81
11.50
11.28
11.04
8.32
10.84
10.92
12.48
7.15
8.19
12.67

11.63
7.82
13.35
22.40
14.28
7.11
16.04
10.06
12.38
7.36
17.04
20.75
9.40
9.90
10.38
14.61
17.00
12.20
12.86
11.10
9.46
11.34
11.82
15.33
8.22
9.65
12.79

13.05
7.67
13.35
21.36
15.15
7.74
13.27
10.20
12.99
7.74
15.81
17.15
10.82
9.54
12.28
16.18
13.56
13.17
:
11.39
9.89
9.90
11.55
16.70
8.33
8.61
11.64

12.76
7.98
12.97
19.28
15.62
8.73
12.77
11.39
12.90
8.35
16.63
19.84
10.96
12.65
10.86
13.12
18.90
12.29
:
12.04
9.64
10.08
12.06
14.26
8.41
10.50
11.64

13.81
8.00
12.99
23.37
16.62
9.02
14.60
12.56
13.64
8.37
19.18
24.19
13.44
12.56
10.57
13.17
18.90
12.22
:
11.58
11.46
10.55
11.57
15.13
9.23
10.36
12.53

13.40
9.35
12.34
25.92
17.27
9.81
15.75
13.81
14.47
9.42
23.29
27.32
13.44
13.84
10.74
13.57
18.90
11.59
13.31
11.76
14.09
10.52
11.29
15.25
9.15
9.70
14.43

* All Taxes Included


Source: Eurostat, June 2013
Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 2

Socio-Economic
Indicators
intheEU

PART 3 Socio-Economic Indicators in the EU

123

Summary
3.1.

Classification of the Energy Sector

124

124

125

3.1.1. UN Broad Definition


3.2. Enterprises in the Sector

3.2.1. Number of Enterprises


3.2.2. Turnover

125

129

3.2.3. Number of Persons Employed


3.3. Employment

133

137

3.3.1. Number of Persons Employed


3.3.2. Employment Rate

137

138

3.3.3. Unemployment Rate


3.4. Economy

139

140

3.4.1. GDP at Current Market Prices

3.4.2. GDP per Capita at Current Market Prices


3.4.3. GDP at 2005 Market Prices

141

142

3.4.4. GDP per Capita at 2005 Market Prices


3.4.Demography

140

143

144

3.5.1. Population

144

124

PART 3 Socio-Economic Indicators in the EU

PART 3 Socio-Economic Indicators in the EU


3.1. Classification of the Energy Sector

125

3.2. Enterprises in the Sector

3.1.1. UN Broad Definition

3.2.1. Number of Enterprises

Classification of the Energy Sector


UN Broad Definition (ISIC)

Enterprises in the Sector*


Number of Enterprises

Comparative Table with Eurostat (NACE)


NACE rev 2
B05: Mining of Coal and Lignite
05.10: Mining of Hard Coal
05.20: Mining of Lignite
B06: Extraction of Crude Petroleum and Natural Gas
06.10: Extraction of Crude Petroleum
06.20: Extraction of Natural Gas
B07: Mining of Metal Ores
07.21: Mining of Uranium and Thorium Ores
B08: Other Mining and Quarrying
08.92: Extraction of Peat
B09: Mining Support Service Activities
09.10: Support Activities for Petroleum and Natural Gas Extraction
C19: Manufacture of Coke and Refined Petroleum Products
19.10: Manufacture of Coke Oven Products
19.20: Manufacture of Refined Petroleum Products
*D35: Electricity, Gas, Steam and Air Conditioning Supply
35.11: Production of Electricity
Power Generation, Hydroelectric
Power Generation, Fossil Fuel
Power Generation, Nuclear
Electric Power Generation, Solar
Electric Power Generation, Wind
Electric Power Generation, Geothermal
Electric Power Generation, Biomass
Electric Power Generation, Tidal
35.12: Transmission of Electricity
35.13: Distribution of Electricity
35.14: Trade of Electricity

ISIC 4
05.10
05.20

EU-27

06.10
06.20

BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK

07.21
08.92
09.10
19.10
19.20
35.10

35.21: Manufacture of Gas


35.22: Distribution of Gaseous Fuels through Mains
35.23: Trade of Gas through Mains

35.20

35.30: Steam and Air Conditioning Supply

35.30

* Narrow Definition Includes, only, Division D35


Source: Eurostat, UN, June 2013
Methodology and Notes: See Annex 13 No 3

Mining of Coal
and Lignite (B05)

Extraction of Crude Petroleum


and Natural Gas (B06)

2008
294

2009
230

2010
221

2011
212

2008
309

2009
290

2010
310

2011
381

0
23
:
0
7
0
:
:
110
10
:
0
3
0
0
12
:
:
0
44
0
38
2
:
0
:
22

0
25
14
0
5
0
:
3
48
6
:
0
2
0
0
10
:
:
0
45
0
39
2
:
0
:
26

:
23
12
0
6
0
:

:
26
10
0
6
0
:
3
43
0
:
0
0
0
0
12
:
0
0
53
0
31
1
:
0
:
21

:
9
:
10
4
1
:
:
4
61
5
0
0
4
0
10
:
45
2
28
0
10
1
:
0
:
105

0
9
6
10
4
1
:
:
4
51
3
0
0
4
0
10
:
43
2
35
0
11
1
:
0
:
93

0
7
7
9
4
1
:
:
4
32
3
0
1
4
0
13
:
48
2
54
0
21
1
0
0
:
98

0
9
5
14
:
1
:
:
5
62
:
0
1
4
0
10
:
45
:
64
0
26
1
:
0
:
124

48
6
:
0
0
0
0
9
:
0
0
48
0
35
2
:
0
:
23

* According to the Structural Business Statistics Survey (SBS)


Italics: DG Energy Estimations
Source: Eurostat, SBS, NACE rev.2, sbs_na_ind_r2, June 2013
Methodology and Notes: See Annex 13 No 3

126

PART 3 Socio-Economic Indicators in the EU

PART 3 Socio-Economic Indicators in the EU


3.2. Enterprises in the Sector

3.2.1. Number of Enterprises

3.2.1. Number of Enterprises

Number of Enterprises*

Number of Enterprises*

Extraction of Peat
(B08.92)

EU-27
BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK

127

3.2. Enterprises in the Sector

Support Activities for Petroleum


and Natural Gas Extraction (B09.1)

2008
986

2009
916

2010
930

2011
932

2008
782

2009
878

2010
894

2011
912

0
:
:
7
90
38
:
:
6
:
0
0
54
20
0
:
:
8
7
49
3
10
0
:
519
87
24

0
9
:
5
90
36
:
:
6
23
0
0
50
22
0
:
:
4
7
44
2
10
0
:
464
85
24

0
10
:
4
74
39
:
:
6
23
12
0
49
24
0
15
:
7
7
45
0
8
0
:
463
82
25

:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:

:
4
:
47
:
0
:
:
24
:
:
0
0
0
0
29
:
103
6
52
2
93
3
:
0
39
267

:
6
8
37
:
0
:
:
:
35
:
0
0
0
0
35
:
105
6
70
3
93
3
:
0
43
332

:
6
7
35
:
0
0
:
:
36
:
0
0
0
0
40
:
116
8
90
1
91
3
:
0
45
270

:
10
7
40
:
0
:
:
:
44
:
0
0
0
0
33
:
115
7
101
1
93
3
:
0
47
265

* According to the Structural Business Statistics Survey (SBS)


Italics: DG Energy Estimations
Source: Eurostat, SBS, NACE rev.2, sbs_na_ind_r2, June 2013
Methodology and Notes: See Annex 13 No 3

Manufacture of Coke and Refined


Petroleum Products (C19)

EU-27
BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK

Electricity, Gas, Steam


and Air Conditioning Supply (D35)

2008
1211

2009
1188

2010
1120

2011
1088

2008
33517

2009
39028

2010
51400

2011
62890

:
21
22
4
86
9
:
:
13
88
353
:
3
5
0
10
:
37
5
158
1
33
5
:
13
44
245

45
19
18
4
79
8
:
7
14
98
330
:
4
7
0
11
:
37
5
166
1
48
4
:
16
48
209

22
17
26
5
95
5
:
:
18
52
328
:
13
6
0
9
:
42
4
165
8
54
3
:
15
45
170

19
13
32
8
96
4
:
:
15
73
:
:
7
7
0
11
:
37
:
146
10
40
:
:
14
40
162

:
583
1264
1692
1589
181
140
:
12004
3866
2472
1
279
213
60
542
:
558
1512
1788
618
506
417
203
722
1528
478

:
921
1616
1669
1672
192
147
:
12707
6519
2930
1
322
225
64
562
:
687
1569
2079
681
609
481
191
726
1636
598

301
1091
2955
1681
1722
223
236
:
13098
14337
4028
4
381
253
68
611
:
678
1878
2047
730
885
648
294
736
1828
651

420
1397
5137
1787
1722
220
:
:
16007
18545
:
7
383
328
64
653
:
700
1967
2503
738
924
797
300
769
2001
1221

* According to the Structural Business Statistics Survey (SBS)


Italics: DG Energy Estimations
Source: Eurostat, SBS, NACE rev.2, sbs_na_ind_r2, June 2013
Methodology and Notes: See Annex 13 No 3

128

PART 3 Socio-Economic Indicators in the EU

PART 3 Socio-Economic Indicators in the EU


3.2. Enterprises in the Sector

129

3.2. Enterprises in the Sector

3.2.1. Number of Enterprises

3.2.2.Turnover

Turnover*

Number of Enterprises*
EU-27

2008
B05: Mining of Coal and Lignite
294
B06: Extraction of Crude Petroleum
309
and Natural Gas
B07.21: Mining of Uranium and Thorium Ores
:
B08.92: Extraction of Peat
986
B09.10: Support Activities for Petroleum
782
and Natural Gas Extraction
C19: Manufacture of Coke and Refined
1211
Petroleum Products
D35: Electricity, Gas, Steam
33517
and Air Conditioning Supply
D35.1 Electricity
27394
35.11: Production of Electricity
23661
35.12: Transmission of Electricity
196
35.13: Distribution of Electricity
2020
35.14: Trade of Electricity
1517
D35.2 Gas
1498
35.21: Manufacture of Gas
188
35.22: D
 istribution of Gaseous Fuels
783
through Mains
35.23: Trade of Gas through Mains
527
D35.3 Steam and Air Conditioning
4625
35.30: Steam and Air Conditioning Supply 4625
Broad Sector Total

37099

* According to the Structural Business Statistics Survey (SBS)


Italics: DG Energy Estimations
Source: Eurostat, SBS, NACE rev.2, sbs_na_ind_r2, June 2013
Methodology and Notes: See Annex 13 No 3

2009
230

2010
221

2011
212

290

310

381

:
916

:
930

:
932

878

894

912

1188

1120

1088

39028

51400

62890

32832
28741
208
2154
1729
1516
201

45037
40447
222
2138
2228
1633
250

56128
:
:
:
:
1705
:

748

756

567
4680
4680

627
4730
4730

:
4917
:

42530

54875

66415

Mining of Coal
and Lignite (B05)
Mio
EU-27
BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK

Extraction of Crude Petroleum


and Natural Gas (B06)

2008
16723

2009
14013

2010
15541

2011
16322

0
327
:
0
4016
0
:
:
858
48
:
0
:
0
0
53
:
:
0
7212
0
485
:
:
0
:
1025

0
312
2308
0
3105
0
:
79
871
48
:
0
:
0
0
14
:
:
0
5634
0
361
:
:
0
:
969

:
331
2812
0
3921
0
:
:
596
:
:
0
0
0
0
7
:
0
0
5974
0
358
:
:
0
:
1112

:
402
2909
0
:
0
:
:
885
0
:
0
0
0
0
9
:
0
0
6858
0
412
:
:
0
:
:

2008
2009
2010
2011
172477 124410 142705 150472
:
41
:
9240
3829
:
:
:
78
851
48042
0
0
91
0
89
:
37829
:
:
0
5473
:
:
0
:
65154

* According to the Structural Business Statistics Survey (SBS)


Italics: DG Energy Estimations
Source: Eurostat, SBS, NACE rev.2, sbs_na_ind_r2, June 2013
Methodology and Notes: See Annex 13 No 3

0
:
:
6009
2939
:
:
:
77
688
32797
0
0
47
0
74
:
34618
:
:
0
3808
:
:
0
:
41940

0
26
:
7050
2762
:
:
:
80
728
46241
0
:
69
0
81
:
34849
:
:
0
4191
:
0
0
:
44980

0
98
:
8877
:
:
:
:
84
952
36213
0
:
88
0
106
:
40859
:
:
0
4947
:
:
0
:
53390

130

PART 3 Socio-Economic Indicators in the EU

PART 3 Socio-Economic Indicators in the EU


3.2. Enterprises in the Sector

3.2.2.Turnover

3.2.2.Turnover

Turnover*

Turnover*

Mio
EU-27
BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK

Extraction of Peat
(B08.92)

Support Activities for Petroleum


and Natural Gas Extraction (B09.1)

2008
2009
2010
2011
1568.7 1582.9 1734.6 1823.4

2008
2009
2010
2011
13766.0 12643.8 14173.9 13245.5

0.0
:
:
:
348.8
71.5
:
:
11.6
:
0.0
0.0
:
32.5
0.0
:
:
:
:
39.3
:
1.1
0.0
:
460.1
38.3
:

131

3.2. Enterprises in the Sector

0.0
:
:
:
414.2
54.9
:
:
9.9
70.8
0.0
0.0
:
36.3
0.0
:
:
:
:
:
:
1.0
0.0
:
471.7
35.6
:

0.0
0.6
:
:
417.5
77.3
:
:
10.5
74.2
11.8
0.0
101.4
39.9
0.0
3.2
:
:
:
:
0.0
0.3
0.0
:
554.4
30.7
:

:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:

:
:
:
:
:
:
:
1.9
:
:
46.3
:
358.5
412.2
:
:
:
:
:
:
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
:
:
0.0
:
:
:
:
:
60.1
:
:
:
:
165.4
301.7
40.8
:
:
:
401.5
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
146.1
183.2
94.8
127.0
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
11.3
:
13.6
10.4
213.9
238.9
377.7
367.3
:
:
:
:
973.4
534.1
874.0
600.7
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
:
:
:
:
7537.0 7133.2 8374.6 8012.1

* According to the Structural Business Statistics Survey (SBS)


Italic: DG Energy Estimations
Source: Eurostat, SBS, NACE rev.2, sbs_na_ind_r2, June 2013
Methodology and Notes: See Annex 13 No 3

Manufacture of Coke and Refined


Petroleum Products (C19)

Electricity, Gas, Steam


and Air Conditioning Supply (D35)

Mio
EU-27

2008
2009
2010
2011
567423.0 390971.1 500187.0 566458.0

2008
2009
2010
2011
1100000 1139031 1220000 1290148

BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK

:
:
5021.9
:
134361.4
179.9
:
:
44349.3
69128.4
48947.8
:
:
:
0.0
9384.0
:
:
:
28312.7
:
4112.9
14.6
:
:
1526.2
49837.4

:
7313
30927
20410
357896
1542
:
:
74339
106501
156802
738
2391
2690
2387
26853
:
38660
27554
44091
20620
13181
3580
11021
12012
24824
107876

36060.9
:
3184.9
:
103744.5
150.7
:
11949.4
27421.3
48739.3
31291.2
:
0.4
:
0.0
6984.0
:
30674.7
:
20021.2
:
2541.2
:
:
:
1483.7
35010.2

48074.1
:
4511.7
:
120831.6
178.0
:
:
34773.4
61248.1
46037.6
:
0.6
:
0.0
8297.8
:
37149.9
:
27575.0
8253.7
3272.0
:
:
:
:
44763.5

59828.6
:
5120.6
:
97451.8
:
:
:
48482.5
73393.7
51042.2
:
0.6
:
0.0
9315.6
:
48755.7
:
35744.9
9373.5
4379.7
:
:
:
:
51028.6

* According to the Structural Business Statistics Survey (SBS)


Source: Eurostat, SBS, NACE rev.2, sbs_na_ind_r2, June 2013
Methodology and Notes: See Annex 13 No 3

:
6919
35028
17577
380564
1525
6464
:
64370
103395
151962
629
2332
2686
2531
22522
:
45710
28104
39851
16374
11288
3627
10784
12136
21626
102616

43772
7279
37195
20378
426882
1834
6706
:
59706
109649
160950
782
2311
3279
1951
22059
:
41197
29297
42567
16166
12078
4034
11351
14455
28486
109515

48688
8107
43618
21559
424711
1864
:
:
92123
112182
163365
878
2564
3268
3031
20848
:
40457
32320
44740
17488
13449
5287
12629
13903
28780
116083

132

PART 3 Socio-Economic Indicators in the EU

PART 3 Socio-Economic Indicators in the EU


3.2. Enterprises in the Sector

3.2.2.Turnover

3.2.3. Number of Persons Employed

Turnover*

Number of Persons Employed*

EU-27

Enterprise data

Mio
B05: Mining of Coal and Lignite
B06: Extraction of Crude Petroleum
and Natural Gas
B07.21: Mining of Uranium and Thorium Ores
B08.92: Extraction of Peat
B09.1: Support Activities for Petroleum
and Natural Gas Extraction
C19: Manufacture of Coke
and Refined Petroleum Products
D35: Electricity, Gas, Steam
and Air Conditioning Supply
D35.1 Electricity
35.11: Production of Electricity
35.12: Transmission of Electricity
35.13: Distribution of Electricity
35.14: Trade of Electricity
D35.2 Gas
35.21: Manufacture of Gas
35.22: D
 istribution of Gaseous Fuels
through Mains
35.23: Trade of Gas through Mains
D35.3 Steam and Air Conditioning
35.30: Steam and Air Conditioning Supply
Broad Sector Total

133

3.2. Enterprises in the Sector

2008
16723

2009
14013

2010
15541

2011
16322

172477

124410

142705

150472

:
1569

:
1583

:
1735

:
1823

13766

12644

14174

13246

567423

390971

500187

566458

1148780 1139031 1220000 1290148


871677 888010 951226 994940
312367 286768 306468
:
55690 58461 55108
:
216757 200429 201005
:
286863 342352 388646
:
243903 218585 233618 258027
6042
5586
6578
:
71356

62958

68600

166505
33200
33200

150041
32435
32435

158427
35156
35156

:
37181
37181

1920739 1682652 1894342 2038468

* According to the Structural Business Statistics Survey (SBS)


Italics: DG Energy Estimations
Source: Eurostat, SBS, NACE rev.2, sbs_na_ind_r2, June 2013
Methodology and Notes: See Annex 13 No 3

Mining of Coal
and Lignite (B05)

Extraction of Crude Petroleum


and Natural Gas (B06)

EU-27

2008
2009
2010
2011
260700 256500 234589 229401

2008
79600

2009
75700

2010
72123

2011
67618

BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK

0
0
:
:
13905 13760 13269 13301
:
: 24262 22974
0
0
0
0
38415 35128 33672
:
0
0
0
0
:
:
:
:
:
183
:
:
7311
6708
6105
5439
:
:
28
:
:
:
:
:
0
0
0
0
18
3
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
121
118
111
108
:
:
:
:
:
:
0
0
0
0
0
0
138338 142364 124925 122121
0
0
0
0
20804 20002 18011 17071
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
0
0
0
0
:
:
:
:
5944
:
6023
6504

:
:
:
444
3544
:
:
:
215
:
13047
0
0
351
0
36
:
3076
:
:
0
38538
:
:
0
:
13405

0
:
:
523
3696
:
:
:
231
:
12769
0
0
304
0
66
:
3133
:
:
0
35475
:
:
0
:
:

0
:
:
566
3754
:
:
:
242
814
12116
0
1
252
0
75
:
3173
:
:
0
30546
:
0
0
:
15300

0
:
:
592
:
:
:
:
280
:
12115
0
13
261
0
84
:
3339
:
:
0
28056
1
:
0
:
13025

* According to the Structural Business Statistics Survey (SBS)


Italics: DG Energy Estimations
Source: Eurostat, SBS, NACE rev.2, sbs_na_ind_r2, June 2013
Methodology and Notes: See Annex 13 No 3

134

PART 3 Socio-Economic Indicators in the EU

PART 3 Socio-Economic Indicators in the EU


3.2. Enterprises in the Sector

3.2.3. Number of Persons Employed

3.2.3. Number of Persons Employed

Number of Persons Employed*

Number of Persons Employed*

Enterprise data

Enterprise data
Extraction of Peat
(B08.92)

EU-27
BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK

135

3.2. Enterprises in the Sector

Support Activities for Petroleum


and Natural Gas Extraction (B09.1)

2008
12000

2009
12100

2010
11624

2011
11678

2008
42600

2009
39600

2010
44954

2011
45553

0
:
:
:
1912
1276
:
:
57
:
0
0
1970
1229
0
:
:
36
:
711
:
41
0
:
1735
358
634

0
83
:
:
2075
1112
:
:
47
:
0
0
2039
1142
0
:
:
:
:
:
:
40
0
:
1841
352
:

0
52
:
:
2003
1153
:
:
48
248
12
0
1977
1126
0
116
:
22
:
:
0
26
0
:
1845
306
355

:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:

:
:
:
1716
:
0
:
:
224
:
:
0
0
0
0
1275
:
2270
19
2181
:
9882
:
:
0
:
18489

:
10
:
1967
:
0
:
:
:
:
:
0
0
0
0
1182
:
2774
:
3096
:
7337
:
:
0
:
17360

:
14
421
:
:
0
0
:
:
110
:
0
0
0
0
1089
:
:
27
4082
:
6267
:
:
0
:
22879

:
:
:
:
:
0
:
:
:
:
1634
0
0
0
0
1214
:
:
22
3890
:
6938
:
:
0
:
:

* According to the Structural Business Statistics Survey (SBS)


Italics: DG Energy Estimations
Source: Eurostat, SBS, NACE rev.2, sbs_na_ind_r2, June 2013
Methodology and Notes: See Annex 13 No 3

Manufacture of Coke and Refined


Petroleum Products (C19)

Electricity, Gas, Steam


and Air Conditioning Supply (D35)

EU-27

2008
2009
2010
2011
140200 133200 130503 127355

2008
2009
2010
2011
1200000 1203700 1212743 1198854

BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK

:
:
2926
:
19611
1330
:
:
8823
:
16383
:
9
:
0
6538
:
6652
:
16606
:
5017
93
:
:
2748
9998

:
: 19193 20099
36197 35607 34191 33061
32652 32809 31053 32200
13206 11544 11235 10436
221450 224119 221264 221492
6290
5874
5681
5678
9258
9354
9206
:
:
:
:
:
47622 48089 48687 52444
:
: 170194
:
84224 85443 86414 85432
1427
1473
1503
1492
12185 11277 10907 10718
18303 17103 15876 12929
1094
1170
1198
1262
27387 26537 25715 25646
:
:
:
:
23869 22180 22882
:
28218 28289 28685 28226
153286 152604 162409 152650
10210 10024
9386
9153
89511 86047 81111 79628
7828
8022
8207
8376
21641 19770 20034 18779
13430 13136 13463 13446
31151 30820 31115 30722
121447 113853 123965 123535

4429
3644
2805
:
18987
1397
:
4513
8872
:
16115
:
12
:
0
6387
:
6169
:
16080
:
4286
:
:
:
2449
:

4091
:
2614
:
19452
1406
:
:
8954
15095
16493
:
12
:
0
6329
:
5908
:
13623
1887
3960
:
:
:
:
:

4016
2533
2404
:
19116
:
:
:
9280
:
16111
:
26
:
0
6450
:
5661
:
13729
1831
3406
:
:
:
:
9254

* According to the Structural Business Statistics Survey (SBS)


Italics: DG Energy Estimations
Source: Eurostat, SBS, NACE rev.2, sbs_na_ind_r2, June 2013
Methodology and Notes: See Annex 13 No 3

136

PART 3 Socio-Economic Indicators in the EU

PART 3 Socio-Economic Indicators in the EU


3.2. Enterprises in the Sector

3.2.3. Number of Persons Employed

3.3.1. Number of Persons Employed

Number of Persons Employed*

Employment
Number of Persons Employed*

Enterprise data EU-27

Member States Data EU-27

B05: Mining of Coal and Lignite


B06: Extraction of Crude Petroleum
and Natural Gas
B07.21: Mining of Uranium and Thorium Ores
B08.92: Extraction of Peat
B09.1: Support Activities for Petroleum
and Natural Gas Extraction
C19: Manufacture of Coke
and Refined Petroleum Products
D35: Electricity, Gas, Steam
and Air Conditioning Supply
D35.1 Electricity
35.11: Production of Electricity
35.12: Transmission of Electricity
35.13: Distribution of Electricity
35.14: Trade of Electricity
D35.2 Gas
35.21: Manufacture of Gas
35.22: D
 istribution of Gaseous Fuels
through Mains
35.23: Trade of Gas through Mains
D35.3 Steam and Air Conditioning
35.30: Steam and Air Conditioning Supply
Broad Sector Employment Reported

137

3.3.Employment

2008
260700

2009
2010
2011
256500 234589 229401

79600

75700

72123

67618

:
12000

:
12100

:
11624

:
11678

39600

44954

45553

42600
140200

133200 130503 127355

1200000 1203700 1212743 1198854


894200 885500
427200 421800
70800 50220
316000 320900
80300 92600
139300 154046
:
4246
:

887265 888358
439723
:
45414
:
310707
:
91421
:
161668 150796
11475
:

104600 105077

: 45200 45116
:
166500 164154 163810 159700
166500 164154 163810
:
1735100 1720800 1706536 1680459

Thousands
B05: Mining of Coal and Lignite
B06: Extraction of Crude
Petroleum and Natural Gas
B07.21: Mining of Uranium
and Thorium Ores
B08.92: Extraction of Peat**
B09.1: Support Activities
for Petroleum and Natural
Gas Extraction **
C19: Manufacture of Coke and
Refined Petroleum Products
D35: E lectricity, Gas, Steam
and Air Conditioning Supply
D35.1 Electricity
35.11: Production of Electricity
35.12: Transmission
of Electricity
35.13: Distribution
of Electricity
35.14: Trade of Electricity
D35.2 Gas
35.21: Manufacture of Gas
35.22: Distribution of Gaseous
Fuels through Mains
35.23: Trade of Gas through
Mains
D35.3 Steam and Air Conditioning
35.30: Steam and Air
Conditioning Supply
Broad Sector Total Employment

* According to the Structural Business Statistics Survey (SBS)


Italics: DG Energy Estimations
Source: Eurostat, SBS, NACE rev.2, sbs_na_ind_r2, June 2013
Methodology and Notes: See Annex 13 No 3

2008
343.1

2009
332.2

2010
339.2

2011
351.5

2012
331.6

98.1

102.9

100.6

91.8

96.1

12.0

12.1

11.6

11.7

42.6

39.6

45.0

45.6

241.0

213.2

219.5

211.5

201.9

1542.5

1640.9

1652.9

1655.6

1653.9

:
:

:
:

:
:

:
:

:
:

:
:
:

:
:
:

:
:
:

:
:
:

:
:
:

2279.3

2340.9

2368.8

2367.6

2283.5

* According to the Labour Force Survey (LFS), 15 years or over


** According to the Structural Business Survey (SBS)
Italics: DG Energy Estimations
Source: Eurostat, LFS, NACE rev.2, lfsa_egan22d, June 2013
Methodology and Notes: See Annex 13 No 3

138

PART 3 Socio-Economic Indicators in the EU

PART 3 Socio-Economic Indicators in the EU

3.3.Employment

3.3.2. Employment Rate

3.3.3. Unemployment Rate

Employment Rate

Unemployment Rate*

Member States Data All Sectors 15-64 years

Member States Data All Sectors

%
EU-27
BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK

1995

139

3.3.Employment

2000

2005

2009

2010

2011

2012

62.2

63.4

64.5

64.1

64.3

64.2

EU-27

56.1
:
:
73.4
64.6
:
54.4
54.7
46.9
59.5
51.0
:
:
:
58.7
:
:
64.7
68.8
:
63.7
:
:
:
61.6
70.9
68.5

60.5
50.4
65.0
76.3
65.6
60.4
65.2
56.5
56.3
62.1
53.7
65.7
57.5
59.1
62.7
56.3
54.2
72.9
68.5
55.0
68.4
63.0
62.8
56.8
67.2
73.0
71.2

61.1
55.8
64.8
75.9
65.5
64.4
67.6
60.1
63.3
63.7
57.6
68.5
63.3
62.6
63.6
56.9
53.9
73.2
68.6
52.8
67.5
57.6
66.0
57.7
68.4
72.5
71.7

61.6
62.6
65.4
75.3
70.3
63.5
62.2
61.2
59.8
64.0
57.5
69.0
60.9
60.1
65.2
55.4
55.0
77.0
71.6
59.3
66.3
58.6
67.5
60.2
68.7
72.2
69.9

62.0
59.7
65.0
73.3
71.1
61.0
59.6
59.6
58.6
63.9
56.9
68.9
59.3
57.8
65.2
55.4
56.1
74.7
71.7
59.3
65.6
58.8
66.2
58.8
68.1
72.1
69.5

61.9
58.4
65.7
73.1
72.5
65.1
58.9
55.6
57.7
63.9
56.9
67.6
60.8
60.3
64.6
55.8
57.6
74.9
72.1
59.7
64.2
58.5
64.4
59.5
69.0
73.6
69.5

61.8
58.8
66.5
72.6
72.8
67.1
58.8
51.3
55.4
63.9
56.8
64.6
63.1
62.2
65.8
57.2
59.0
75.1
72.5
59.7
61.8
59.5
64.1
59.7
69.4
73.8
70.1

BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK

Source: Eurostat, LFS, lfsi_emp_a, June 2013


Methodology and Notes: See Annex 13 No 3

1995

2000

2005

2009

2010

2011

2012

8.8

9.0

9.0

9.7

9.7

10.5

9.7
:
:
6.7
8.3
:
12.3
:
20.0
10.5
11.2
:
:
:
2.9
:
:
7.1
3.9
:
7.2
:
:
:
15.4
8.8
8.5

6.9
16.4
8.8
4.3
8.0
13.6
4.2
11.2
11.7
9.0
10.0
4.8
13.7
16.4
2.2
6.3
6.7
3.1
3.6
16.1
4.5
6.8
6.7
18.9
9.8
5.6
5.4

8.5
10.1
7.9
4.8
11.3
7.9
4.4
9.9
9.2
9.3
7.7
5.3
9.6
8.0
4.6
7.2
7.3
5.3
5.2
17.9
8.6
7.2
6.5
16.4
8.4
7.7
4.8

7.9
6.8
6.7
6.0
7.8
13.8
12.0
9.5
18.0
9.5
7.8
5.4
18.2
13.6
5.1
10.0
6.9
3.7
4.8
8.1
10.6
6.9
5.9
12.1
8.2
8.3
7.6

8.3
10.3
7.3
7.5
7.1
16.9
13.9
12.6
20.1
9.7
8.4
6.3
19.8
18.0
4.6
11.2
6.9
4.5
4.4
9.7
12.0
7.3
7.3
14.5
8.4
8.6
7.8

7.2
11.3
6.7
7.6
5.9
12.5
14.7
17.7
21.7
9.6
8.4
7.9
16.2
15.3
4.8
10.9
6.5
4.4
4.2
9.7
12.9
7.4
8.2
13.6
7.8
7.8
8.0

7.6
12.3
7.0
7.5
5.5
10.2
14.7
24.3
25.0
10.2
10.7
11.9
14.9
13.3
5.1
10.9
6.4
5.3
4.3
10.1
15.9
7.0
8.9
14.0
7.7
8.0
7.9

* Annual Average, Total


Source: Eurostat, LFS, une_rt_a, June 2013
Methodology and Notes: See Annex 13 No 3

140

PART 3 Socio-Economic Indicators in the EU

PART 3 Socio-Economic Indicators in the EU


3.4.Economy

3.4.1. GDP at Current Market Prices

3.4.2. GDP per Capita at Current Market Prices

Economy
GDP at Current Market Prices

Mrd EUR*

141

3.3.Economy

GDP per Capita at Current Market Prices

1995

2000

2005

2009

2010

2011

2012

EU-27

7036.6

9199.8

11072.3

11754.5

12278.7

12642.4

12897.4

BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK

217.6
10.0
44.2
139.1
1929.5
2.9
51.9
99.8
456.2
1202.5
865.5
7.0
3.8
5.1
15.8
34.8
2.8
320.5
182.5
106.4
89.8
28.7
16.0
15.0
100.1
193.9
895.1

252.5
14.0
63.8
173.6
2047.5
6.2
105.8
136.7
629.9
1439.6
1198.3
9.9
8.4
12.4
22.0
50.3
4.4
418.0
208.5
185.7
127.3
40.7
21.5
22.0
132.2
268.3
1600.2

303.4
23.3
104.6
207.4
2224.4
11.2
163.0
193.0
909.3
1718.0
1436.4
13.6
12.9
21.0
30.3
88.8
4.9
513.4
245.2
244.4
154.3
79.8
28.7
38.5
157.4
298.4
1846.6

340.8
34.9
142.2
223.6
2374.5
13.8
161.3
231.1
1048.1
1885.8
1519.7
16.9
18.5
26.7
36.0
91.4
6.0
573.2
276.2
310.7
168.5
118.2
35.6
62.8
172.3
292.5
1573.5

356.1
36.1
150.3
236.5
2496.2
14.3
156.5
222.2
1048.9
1937.3
1551.9
17.4
18.0
27.6
39.9
96.6
6.3
588.7
286.4
354.6
172.9
124.3
35.6
65.9
178.8
349.9
1709.6

369.8
38.5
156.2
240.5
2592.6
16.0
159.0
208.5
1063.4
1996.6
1578.5
18.0
20.2
30.8
42.6
99.8
6.6
602.0
300.7
370.8
171.1
131.3
36.2
69.1
189.5
387.6
1746.6

376.8
39.7
152.8
244.5
2643.9
17.0
163.6
193.7
1049.5
2028.2
1565.9
17.9
22.3
32.8
44.4
97.8
6.8
600.6
309.9
381.2
165.4
131.7
35.5
71.5
194.5
408.5
1901.0

* Units in Milliard Long Scale = 1000 Million


Source: DG Economic and Financial Affairs, AMECO, 10990 UVGD, June 2013
Methodology and Notes: See Annex 13 No 3

Thousand
EUR/cap*
EU-27

1995

2000

2005

2009

2010

2011

2012

14.70

19.05

22.51

23.50

24.47

25.13

25.58

BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK

21.46
1.19
4.28
26.60
23.63
2.00
14.42
9.38
11.58
20.25
15.23
10.77
1.53
1.42
38.61
3.37
7.52
20.73
22.96
2.78
8.95
1.27
8.06
2.79
19.59
21.97
15.43

24.65
1.72
6.21
32.52
24.91
4.49
27.80
12.52
15.64
23.71
21.04
14.34
3.56
3.56
50.34
4.93
11.23
26.25
26.02
4.85
12.45
1.81
10.82
4.08
25.54
30.24
27.17

28.97
3.01
10.22
38.27
26.97
8.30
39.19
17.39
20.95
27.29
24.51
18.41
5.77
6.33
65.00
8.80
12.22
31.47
29.82
6.40
14.62
3.69
14.36
7.14
30.01
33.04
30.66

31.58
4.61
13.55
40.49
29.00
10.27
35.53
20.48
22.82
29.25
25.25
20.86
8.65
8.44
72.31
9.12
14.42
34.69
33.02
8.14
15.85
5.51
17.42
11.59
32.28
31.45
25.46

32.72
4.79
14.29
42.64
30.53
10.69
34.32
19.65
22.77
29.88
25.66
20.99
8.60
8.92
78.63
9.66
15.18
35.44
34.14
9.21
16.25
5.80
17.38
12.13
33.34
37.31
27.46

33.69
5.24
14.88
43.18
31.70
11.90
34.74
18.45
23.05
30.63
25.99
21.13
9.82
10.17
82.07
10.01
15.65
36.06
35.71
9.62
16.06
6.14
17.62
12.70
35.17
41.02
27.84

34.09
5.43
14.54
43.75
32.28
12.70
35.61
17.16
22.74
30.96
25.73
20.48
10.94
10.97
83.59
9.83
16.14
35.86
36.64
9.89
15.60
6.18
17.24
13.22
35.93
42.92
30.06

* 1000 per Capita


Source: DG Economic and Financial Affairs, AMECO, 10990 HVGDP, June 2013
Methodology and Notes: See Annex 13 No 3

142

PART 3 Socio-Economic Indicators in the EU

PART 3 Socio-Economic Indicators in the EU


3.3.Economy

3.4.3. GDP at 2005 Market Prices

3.4.4. GDP per Capita at 2005 Market Prices

GDP per Capita at 2005 Market Prices

GDP at 2005 Market Prices

Mrd EUR*

143

3.3.Economy

1995

2000

2005

2009

2010

2011

2012

EU-27

8727.5

10072.4

11072.3

11338.9

11578.0

11757.0

11718.9

BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK

243.5
17.6
78.2
169.2
1969.0
5.7
78.3
133.7
633.3
1387.6
1244.5
9.6
6.7
11.5
18.9
62.6
3.7
394.3
193.2
161.3
120.3
61.6
19.4
25.6
109.4
219.8
1348.8

280.3
17.8
85.6
194.8
2159.2
7.9
127.7
158.4
774.5
1586.6
1367.8
11.6
8.7
14.4
25.4
72.4
4.6
480.8
225.7
210.0
148.0
60.4
24.1
30.3
138.3
261.3
1595.8

303.4
23.3
104.6
207.4
2224.4
11.2
163.0
193.0
909.3
1718.0
1436.4
13.6
12.9
21.0
30.3
88.8
4.9
513.4
245.2
244.4
154.3
79.8
28.7
38.5
157.4
298.4
1846.6

314.7
26.5
116.6
203.8
2284.5
10.9
167.7
203.8
951.0
1742.6
1394.3
15.1
12.5
21.8
32.2
86.8
5.3
541.0
257.3
296.2
155.5
91.8
31.0
46.3
158.8
303.5
1867.2

322.3
26.6
119.5
207.1
2379.4
11.3
166.4
193.8
948.0
1771.6
1418.4
15.3
12.4
22.1
33.2
88.0
5.5
549.8
262.6
307.7
158.5
90.7
31.4
48.4
164.1
323.3
1900.8

328.0
27.1
121.7
209.4
2451.5
12.2
168.8
180.0
951.9
1801.6
1423.7
15.4
13.1
23.4
33.7
89.4
5.6
555.3
269.7
321.6
156.1
92.7
31.6
49.9
168.7
335.3
1919.6

327.4
27.3
120.2
208.4
2467.7
12.6
170.4
168.5
938.4
1800.7
1389.9
15.0
13.8
24.2
33.8
87.9
5.6
550.0
271.8
327.6
151.1
93.3
30.8
50.9
168.3
338.2
1924.9

* Units in Milliard Long Scale = 1000 Millions Euro


Source: DG Economic and Financial Affairs, AMECO, 10990 OVGD, June 2013
Methodology and Notes: See Annex 13 No 3

Thousand
EUR/cap*
EU-27

1995

2000

2005

2009

2010

2011

2012

18.23

20.85

22.51

22.67

23.07

23.37

23.24

BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK

24.02
2.10
7.57
32.36
24.11
3.95
21.74
12.57
16.08
23.37
21.89
14.81
2.68
3.16
46.06
6.06
9.81
25.51
24.31
4.22
11.99
2.72
9.78
4.78
21.41
24.90
23.25

27.36
2.18
8.34
36.50
26.27
5.77
33.57
14.51
19.23
26.13
24.02
16.72
3.68
4.12
58.12
7.09
11.87
30.20
28.17
5.49
14.48
2.69
12.09
5.61
26.71
29.45
27.10

28.97
3.01
10.22
38.27
26.97
8.30
39.19
17.39
20.95
27.29
24.51
18.41
5.77
6.33
65.00
8.80
12.22
31.47
29.82
6.40
14.62
3.69
14.36
7.14
30.01
33.04
30.66

29.16
3.49
11.11
36.92
27.90
8.13
36.95
18.07
20.71
27.03
23.16
18.72
5.85
6.89
64.71
8.66
12.87
32.74
30.77
7.76
14.63
4.28
15.18
8.55
29.75
32.63
30.22

29.61
3.53
11.36
37.34
29.10
8.40
36.50
17.14
20.58
27.33
23.45
18.48
5.92
7.14
65.37
8.80
13.17
33.10
31.31
7.99
14.90
4.23
15.31
8.90
30.60
34.48
30.53

29.88
3.68
11.60
37.59
29.98
9.10
36.88
15.93
20.64
27.64
23.45
18.11
6.37
7.71
64.93
8.97
13.30
33.26
32.03
8.35
14.65
4.34
15.38
9.17
31.31
35.49
30.60

29.61
3.73
11.43
37.28
30.13
9.40
37.09
14.93
20.33
27.49
22.84
17.21
6.80
8.10
63.65
8.84
13.42
32.83
32.14
8.50
14.25
4.37
14.99
9.42
31.09
35.53
30.44

* 1000 2005 per Capita


Source: DG Economic and Financial Affairs, AMECO, 10990 RVGDP, June 2013
Methodology and Notes: See Annex 13 No 3

144

PART 3 Socio-Economic Indicators in the EU


3.4.Demography

Part4

3.5.1.Population

Demography
Population
On 1st January
Thousand
Inhab.
EU-27
BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK

1995

2000

2005

2009

2010*

2011*

2012*

477010

482377

491135

499687

501085

502369

503664

10131
8427
10333
5216
81539
1448
3598
10595
39343
57753
56844
645
2501
3643
406
10337
369
15424
7943
38581
10018
22712
1989
5356
5099
8816
57943

10239
8191
10278
5330
82163
1372
3778
10904
40050
58858
56924
690
2382
3512
434
10222
380
15864
8002
38263
10195
22455
1988
5399
5171
8861
58785

10446
7761
10221
5411
82501
1348
4112
11083
43038
60963
58462
749
2306
3425
461
10098
403
16306
8201
38174
10529
21659
1998
5385
5237
9011
60039

10753
7607
10468
5511
82002
1340
4450
11260
45828
62466
60045
797
2261
3350
494
10031
414
16486
8355
38136
10627
21499
2032
5412
5326
9256
61595

10840
7564
10507
5535
81802
1340
4468
11305
45989
62765
60340
819
2248
3329
502
10014
414
16575
8375
38167
10638
21462
2047
5425
5351
9341
62027

11001
7369
10487
5561
81752
1340
4571
11310
46153
63089
60626
840
2075
3053
512
9986
416
16656
8404
38530
10572
21414
2050
5392
5375
9416
62515

11095
7327
10505
5581
81844
1340
4583
11290
46196
63409
60821
862
2042
3008
525
9958
418
16730
8443
38538
10542
21356
2055
5404
5401
9483
62990

* Preliminary Data
Source: Eurostat, demo_pjan, June 2013
Methodology and Notes: See Annex 13 No 3

Environment
Indicators
in the EU

PART 4 Environment Indicators in the EU

147

Summary
4.1.

Gases Emissions

148

4.1.1. GHGs Emissions  148


EU-27 Total  148
Fuel Combustion  149
Other Than Fuel Combustion  150
EU-27 Total, EU-27 Fuel Combustion  151
EU-27, Other Than Fuel Combustion  152
4.1.2. CO 2 Emissions 
EU-27 Total 
Fuel Combustion 
Other Than Fuel Combustion 
EU-27 Total, EU-27 Fuel Combustion 
EU-27 Other Than Fuel Combustion 
4.2. Main Emissions Indicators
4.2.1.CO2 per Capita

153
153
154
155
156
157

158

158

4.2.2. Carbon GDP Intensity

159

148

PART 4 Environment Indicators in the EU

PART 4 Environment Indicators in the EU

4.1. Gases Emissions

4.1.1. GHGs Emissions

4.1.1. GHGs Emissions

Gases Emissions
GHGs Emissions

GHGs Emissions

EU-27 Total

Fuel Combustion

172.1
67.3
147.4
68.7
1028.6
19.1
72.2
147.7
473.1
591.6
590.9
12.9
12.3
23.5
14.3
80.2
7.1
276.1
94.9
390.9
90.4
149.4
20.5
51.3
71.6
76.1
697.6

151.8
60.1
135.8
64.5
945.7
17.2
64.3
136.1
406.9
538.7
507.9
12.6
12.2
20.5
12.8
67.6
7.4
255.2
81.7
384.0
78.6
124.0
19.7
44.3
68.5
69.1
616.0

157.7
62.3
140.2
65.6
970.3
21.3
64.1
129.3
396.0
546.4
517.9
12.3
13.3
21.4
13.4
68.4
6.7
263.6
86.7
403.2
74.9
122.0
19.7
46.1
76.9
75.1
631.1

Source: EEA, UNFCCC v_13, April 2013


Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 4

Million
ton CO2
or equiv.
EU-27
Share (%)
BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK

Other
Combustion
and Fugitive
Emissions

166.9
63.3
146.4
74.7
1065.8
17.6
70.4
141.8
410.5
588.6
563.9
11.6
10.3
19.7
10.6
77.9
4.2
265.8
82.2
386.5
86.0
141.5
18.9
49.4
72.4
75.8
707.3

Agriculture/
Forestry/
Fisheries

166.4
83.6
150.9
83.0
1139.4
20.5
60.3
124.6
331.9
573.1
541.7
11.0
13.2
22.5
10.7
79.4
3.3
266.5
81.2
433.8
73.2
182.4
18.5
53.3
72.8
79.4
734.8

2010

Residential

2010
5006
93%

Commercial/
Institutional

2009
4903
91%

Transport

2005
5448
101%

Manufacturing
Industries and
Construction

2000
5330
98%

Energy
Industries

1995
5412
100%

Fuel
Combustion

Million ton CO2 or equiv.


EU-27
Index 1995
BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK

149

4.1. Gases Emissions

3763
75.2%

1425
28.5%

585
11.7%

931
18.6%

181
3.6%

476
9.5%

79
1.6%

86
1.7%

107.6
46.4
115.2
48.8
782.3
18.2
40.5
93.2
269.8
370.0
415.7
7.5
8.4
12.8
10.6
49.1
2.7
177.8
64.3
327.1
49.7
86.0
16.0
32.0
60.6
49.4
501.1

26.4
31.5
56.3
23.9
354.5
14.6
13.3
52.2
72.4
61.6
133.3
3.9
2.3
5.4
1.3
16.7
1.9
66.6
14.3
173.5
14.6
33.4
6.2
9.5
30.5
13.1
192.2

23.7
3.8
23.8
4.5
115.0
0.5
4.5
6.8
63.4
68.4
61.4
0.7
1.1
1.1
1.4
3.9
0.0
27.3
15.6
31.0
9.5
18.6
1.9
9.3
9.9
10.1
67.5

24.3
7.9
17.4
13.2
154.7
2.3
11.6
23.0
91.4
132.2
118.8
2.3
3.2
4.6
6.3
11.9
0.6
35.0
22.5
48.8
18.9
15.1
5.3
6.7
13.6
20.7
118.5

6.9
0.3
3.6
1.1
36.6
0.1
2.3
1.1
8.7
31.1
31.5
0.1
0.6
0.4
0.5
4.1
0.1
13.3
2.3
10.9
1.3
2.4
0.7
0.8
1.1
0.7
18.5

23.4
1.2
8.5
3.2
103.1
0.3
7.8
6.8
20.0
61.4
54.6
0.4
0.8
0.9
1.1
9.1
0.0
21.2
8.1
40.5
2.7
6.9
1.3
3.7
2.2
1.6
85.2

2.3
0.5
0.3
2.2
6.3
0.2
0.8
1.9
10.5
10.7
8.1
0.1
0.4
0.1
0.1
1.1
0.0
11.3
0.9
10.5
1.2
0.9
0.2
0.1
1.8
1.9
4.6

0.6
1.2
5.4
0.6
12.1
0.1
0.0
1.4
3.3
4.7
8.1
0.0
0.1
0.3
0.0
2.4

Source: EEA, UNFCCC v_13, April 2013


Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 4

3.1
0.6
11.9
1.4
8.8
0.4
2.0
1.5
1.2
14.6

150

PART 4 Environment Indicators in the EU

PART 4 Environment Indicators in the EU

4.1. Gases Emissions

4.1.1. GHGs Emissions

4.1.1. GHGs Emissions

GHGs Emissions

GHGs Emissions

Other Than Fuel Combustion

EU-27 Total, EU-27 Fuel Combustion

1.1
4.7
3.6
1.0
12.2
0.5
0.9
4.9
15.1
19.7
18.2
1.9
0.7
1.2
0.1
3.7
0.2
5.0
1.8
8.6
7.4
5.7
0.6
2.2
2.2
1.8
16.5

4.2
0.5
1.0
2.4
24.8
0.1
2.3
2.1
13.2
16.1
9.5
0.9
0.4
0.1
1.3
0.7
0.3
10.2
2.1
1.6
2.6
0.5
0.1
0.1
1.7
2.1
31.9

21.0
0.4
2.1
9.0
0.7
0.4
8.9
26.9
7.9
7.1
0.6
0.8
0.5
0.0
3.4
43.4
0.0
0.8
1.6
0.1
0.1
0.0
0.7
6.8
9.0

Agriculture/
Forestry/
Fisheries

10.0
6.4
7.8
9.5
67.5
1.3
17.9
9.3
40.0
93.9
33.7
0.7
2.3
4.5
0.7
8.3
0.1
16.6
7.5
34.6
7.5
16.8
2.0
3.1
5.9
7.9
45.9

Residential

13.7
3.9
12.6
1.8
74.5
0.5
2.0
10.9
31.0
38.7
33.6
0.8
0.7
2.3
0.7
6.7
0.1
10.6
11.0
30.5
6.0
12.9
1.0
8.7
5.8
7.2
26.7

BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK

Commercial/
Institutional

152
3.0%

Transport

International
Maritime
Transport

133
2.7%

Manufacturing
Industries
and
Construction

International
Aviation

142
2.8%

Energy
Industries

Waste
and Other

462
9.2%

Fuel
Combustion
Activities

Agriculture

355
7.1%

Million
ton CO2
or equiv.
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010

GHGs
Emissions

Industrial
Processes
and Solvent Use

2010

Million ton CO2 or equiv.


EU-27
Share (%)

151

4.1. Gases Emissions

5766
5667
5471
5378
5352
5412
5532
5453
5423
5314
5330
5387
5343
5437
5461
5448
5447
5401
5295
4903
5006

4304
4272
4110
4043
4000
4040
4149
4056
4046
3982
3986
4068
4035
4121
4119
4093
4085
4022
3943
3661
3763

1670
1649
1570
1508
1516
1515
1547
1498
1515
1474
1503
1541
1560
1612
1599
1587
1597
1606
1529
1403
1425

861
815
768
751
746
765
755
754
724
702
710
692
672
685
687
682
680
673
644
544
585

775
784
805
812
819
834
859
872
899
918
912
926
937
946
965
964
971
980
962
935
931

201
209
196
188
175
182
198
184
183
182
176
193
182
184
187
183
181
167
178
173
181

520
554
524
538
505
505
552
518
507
494
479
513
486
501
493
491
478
426
460
441
476

96
94
89
92
91
91
93
90
87
87
85
86
84
83
83
83
80
76
79
78
79

GHGs Emissions EU-27 Total, EU-27 Fuel Combustion (Million ton CO2 or equiv.)
7 000

6,8
-1
81
35

6 000
5 000
4 000
3 000
2 000
1 000
0
1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010

Source: EEA, UNFCCC v_13, April 2013


Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 4

GHGs Emissions
Energy Industries
Transport

Fuel Combustion Activities


Commercial/Institutional
Agriculture/Forestry/Fisheries

Residential

Manufacturing Industries and Construction

Source: EEA, UNFCCC v_13, April 2013


Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 4

152

PART 4 Environment Indicators in the EU

PART 4 Environment Indicators in the EU

4.1. Gases Emissions

4.1.1. GHGs Emissions

4.1.2.CO2 Emissions

International
Aviation

International
Maritime
Transport

EU-27 Total

Waste
and Other

EU-27, Other Than Fuel Combustion

Agriculture

CO2 Emissions

Industrial
Processes and
Solvent Use

GHGs Emissions

Million ton CO2 or equiv.


1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010

153

4.1. Gases Emissions

482
446
431
418
442
457
456
462
434
397
408
394
389
401
415
420
419
432
409
341
355

594
562
538
520
515
515
517
516
515
512
504
495
490
484
484
479
475
476
475
464
462

203
206
204
202
202
201
199
194
190
185
180
174
171
166
160
156
154
149
147
143
142

70
69
74
79
82
87
91
95
102
110
116
115
112
117
125
132
138
143
143
133
133

113
113
113
115
112
112
120
130
136
129
135
141
145
148
157
167
176
179
177
160
152

GHGs Emissions EU-27 Other Than Fuel Combustion (Million ton CO2 or equiv.)
700
600
500

Million ton CO2


EU-27
Index 1995
BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
6,896 mm ou 3,404
UK mm
-1,167 mm ou -3,275 mm
81 mm ou 84,5
35,386 mm ou 43 ou 150,7 mm

400
300
200
100
0
1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010
Industrial Processes and Solvent Use
International Maritime Transport
International Aviation
Source: EEA, UNFCCC v_13, April 2013
Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 4

Agriculture
Waste and Other

Source: EEA, UNFCCC v_13, April 2013


Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 4

1995
4345
100%

2000
4366
100%

2005
4551
105%

2009
4063
94%

2010
4174
96%

139.9
63.9
128.7
67.7
952.8
18.3
36.7
100.7
271.0
410.6
454.9
7.1
9.6
15.9
9.7
62.2
3.0
213.7
65.3
360.6
56.1
135.9
15.1
45.0
59.8
63.8
577.3

145.6
48.1
126.5
60.2
918.1
15.5
46.9
117.1
336.0
434.5
474.7
8.6
7.2
12.4
9.6
59.4
3.9
222.4
67.7
317.8
68.3
101.4
15.3
41.4
59.9
60.8
586.5

153.8
52.8
128.1
55.9
897.0
17.0
50.5
124.9
404.0
446.9
504.2
9.7
8.8
14.8
13.3
61.4
6.7
240.9
81.7
319.8
72.4
108.9
16.8
42.8
59.4
61.9
596.8

135.2
46.7
116.9
52.2
817.8
15.0
44.2
115.4
337.5
398.5
431.7
9.9
8.6
13.5
11.8
51.3
6.9
226.0
69.2
314.4
60.9
89.1
16.2
36.2
57.5
56.0
524.7

140.3
48.8
120.9
53.3
852.4
19.0
44.0
108.2
324.2
406.3
442.5
9.5
9.6
14.5
12.4
52.1
6.3
234.6
74.4
334.4
56.8
87.8
16.3
38.2
66.0
61.7
539.6

154

PART 4 Environment Indicators in the EU

PART 4 Environment Indicators in the EU

4.1. Gases Emissions

4.1.2.CO2 Emissions

4.1.2.CO2 Emissions

CO2 Emissions

CO2 Emissions

Fuel Combustion

Other Than Fuel Combustion

Residential

Agriculture/
Forestry/
Fisheries

Other
Combustion
and Fugitive
Emissions

919
22.0%

179
4.3%

461
11.0%

75
1.8%

29
0.7%

106.2
44.7
109.5
47.9
763.7
17.9
39.9
90.9
264.8
362.5
404.0
7.5
7.9
12.3
10.5
46.1
2.6
174.6
63.1
309.9
48.2
76.2
15.4
30.6
59.2
47.2
488.7

26.2
31.3
56.0
23.6
349.1
14.6
13.2
52.0
71.7
60.8
132.6
3.9
2.2
5.4
1.3
16.6
1.9
66.2
14.2
172.6
14.5
33.2
6.2
9.5
30.2
12.5
190.5

23.5
3.8
23.6
4.4
114.1
0.5
4.5
6.7
62.3
67.5
60.0
0.7
1.1
1.1
1.4
3.9
0.0
27.2
15.5
30.7
9.3
18.5
1.9
9.3
9.8
9.6
66.2

24.0
7.9
16.7
13.1
153.3
2.2
11.5
22.6
90.4
130.6
117.4
2.3
3.2
4.5
6.2
11.5
0.6
34.5
22.2
48.0
18.7
14.5
5.2
6.6
13.4
20.5
117.2

6.9
0.3
3.6
1.1
36.4
0.1
2.3
1.1
8.6
30.7
31.0
0.1
0.5
0.4
0.5
4.1
0.1
13.2
2.3
10.8
1.3
2.4
0.6
0.8
1.1
0.7
18.4

23.2
0.9
7.9
3.1
101.9
0.2
7.6
6.7
19.1
58.9
52.8
0.4
0.5
0.7
1.0
8.8
0.0
20.8
7.8
37.7
2.5
5.8
1.2
3.5
1.9
1.2
84.6

2.2
0.5
0.2
2.2
6.2
0.2
0.8
1.7
10.4
10.6
7.3
0.1
0.4
0.1
0.1
1.1
0.0
10.3
0.9
9.9
1.1
0.9
0.2
0.1
1.8
1.7
4.1

0.2
0.0
1.4
0.5
2.7
0.0

Source: EEA, UNFCCC v_13, April 2013


Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 4

0.0
2.2
3.4
2.9
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.2
2.3
0.3
0.2
0.8
0.9
0.1
0.9
1.2
1.1
7.5

Million ton CO2


EU-27
Share (%)
BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK

International
Maritime
Transport

Commercial/
Institutional

577
13.8%

International
Aviation

Transport

1412
33.8%

Waste
and Other

Manufacturing
Industries and
Construction

3652
87.5%

Industrial
Processes and
Solvent Use

Energy
Industries

BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK

2010

Fuel
Combustion

2010

Million
ton CO2
EU-27
Share (%)

155

4.1. Gases Emissions

237
5.7%

3
0.1%

132
3.2%

151
3.6%

8.9
3.3
10.2
0.9
55.2
0.4
1.4
6.6
19.7
18.5
21.8
0.6
0.6
1.6
0.6
5.2
0.0
6.6
9.2
22.0
4.4
11.0
0.7
7.3
4.4
5.5
10.2

0.1
0.0
0.2
0.0

4.2
0.5
1.0
2.4
24.6
0.1
2.3
2.1
13.1
15.9
9.4
0.9
0.4
0.1
1.3
0.7
0.3
10.2
2.0
1.6
2.6
0.5
0.1
0.1
1.7
2.1
31.6

21.0
0.3

Source: EEA, UNFCCC v_13, April 2013


Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 4

0.0
0.0
1.4
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.3

2.1
8.9
0.7
0.4
8.6
26.7
7.9
7.0
0.6
0.8
0.5
0.0
3.3
43.2
0.0
0.8
1.6
0.1
0.1
0.0
0.7
6.7
8.9

156

PART 4 Environment Indicators in the EU

PART 4 Environment Indicators in the EU

4.1. Gases Emissions

Commercial/
Institutional

Residential

Agriculture/
Forestry/
Fisheries

4114
4090
3936
3870
3834
3873
3983
3894
3892
3832
3844
3929
3900
3989
3992
3970
3965
3907
3828
3552
3652

1658
1637
1558
1497
1504
1504
1535
1487
1504
1462
1491
1530
1548
1599
1586
1574
1583
1592
1515
1390
1412

852
806
759
742
738
756
746
745
715
693
702
683
664
676
678
673
671
664
636
536
577

762
770
792
797
803
816
841
853
880
899
897
911
923
932
951
951
958
967
949
924
919

199
207
194
186
174
180
197
182
182
181
175
192
180
182
186
182
180
165
176
172
179

502
535
506
520
488
488
535
502
492
479
465
499
473
487
479
478
465
412
445
427
461

92
90
86
88
87
88
89
87
84
84
81
82
80
80
80
80
77
73
75
73
75

CO 2 Emissions EU-27 Total, EU-27 Fuel Combustion (Million ton CO 2)


5 000

Million ton CO2


1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010

3 500
3 000

200

4 000

2 500
2 000

150

1 500

100

1 000

301
271
259
249
263
272
264
270
265
257
269
258
257
267
278
282
286
294
277
218
237

5
5
5
5
4
4
4
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

69
68
74
78
81
86
90
94
101
109
115
114
111
115
124
131
137
141
142
132
132

112
111
112
113
110
110
118
129
134
127
134
139
143
147
156
165
175
178
176
159
151

CO 2 Emissions EU-27 Other Than Fuel Combustion (Million ton CO 2)


350 mm
6,896 mm ou 3,404
-1,167 mm ou -3,275 mm
81 mm ou 84,5300
35,386 mm ou 43 ou 150,7 mm
250

4 500

International
Maritime
Transport

Transport

4601
4545
4385
4315
4293
4345
4458
4390
4396
4329
4366
4443
4415
4521
4553
4551
4566
4523
4426
4063
4174

International
Aviation

Manufacturing
Industries
and Construction

EU-27 Other Than Fuel Combustion

Energy
Industries

EU-27 Total, EU-27 Fuel Combustion

Fuel
Combustion
Activities

CO2 Emissions

CO2 Emissions

CO2 Emissions

Waste
and Other

4.1.2.CO2 Emissions

Industrial
Processes and
Solvent Use

4.1.2.CO2 Emissions

Million
ton CO2
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010

157

4.1. Gases Emissions

6,8
-1
81
35

50

500
0

0
1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010
CO2 Emissions
Energy Industries
Transport

Fuel Combustion Activities


Manufacturing Industries and Construction
Commercial/Institutional

Residential

Agriculture/Forestry/Fisheries

Source: EEA, UNFCCC v_13, April 2013


Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 4

1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010
Industrial Processes and Solvent Use
International Maritime Transport

Source: EEA, UNFCCC v_13, April 2013


Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 4

International Aviation
Waste and Other

158

PART 4 Environment Indicators in the EU

PART 4 Environment Indicators in the EU

4.2. Main Emissions Indicators

4.2.1.CO2 per Capita

4.2.2. Carbon GDP Intensity

Main Emissions Indicators


CO2 per Capita
kg CO2/cap
EU-27
Index 1995
BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK

159

4.2. Main Emissions Indicators

Carbon GDP Intensity

1995
9079
100%

2000
9039
100%

2005
9252
102%

2009
8125
89%

2010
8317
92%

13804.2
7603.0
12461.4
12954.0
11667.4
12629.4
10182.2
9465.8
6881.4
6914.6
8001.8
10943.7
3859.8
4372.8
23686.0
6022.4
8035.1
13823.7
8214.5
9420.5
5597.8
5994.1
7584.7
8386.9
11716.0
7226.9
9949.6

14214.9
5884.6
12316.7
11274.5
11171.1
11329.4
12332.4
10722.9
8343.7
7155.2
8336.2
12379.5
3030.3
3555.0
21910.8
5813.1
10064.6
13966.0
8448.8
8307.2
6678.8
4519.2
7687.6
7667.9
11577.6
6856.3
9960.0

14680.0
6842.7
12514.7
10321.9
10877.6
12586.0
12140.7
11245.7
9310.1
7097.7
8602.9
13110.0
3922.8
4467.3
28465.4
6083.5
16718.2
14765.4
9938.7
8380.6
6859.3
5034.0
8405.1
7935.7
11327.9
6850.2
9907.6

12527.3
6161.1
11143.3
9447.8
9989.0
11186.8
9736.0
10226.4
7347.4
6181.3
7171.3
12225.0
4001.2
4271.0
23641.6
5116.5
16720.1
13672.6
8268.5
8242.0
5729.0
4148.7
7949.1
6677.1
10778.4
6017.1
8491.3

12889.1
6482.0
11491.6
9606.9
10426.0
14198.4
9652.5
9569.2
7036.0
6267.5
7316.6
11443.2
4594.7
4669.9
24350.5
5207.3
15101.2
14122.0
8866.6
8682.8
5343.9
4095.7
7933.8
7028.0
12305.5
6574.6
8666.2

Source: EEA, UNFCCC v_13, April 2013


Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 4

ton CO2/M 05
EU-27
Index 1995
BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK

1995
498
100%

2000
433
87%

2005
411
83%

2009
358
72%

2010
360
72%

574.6
3629.0
1646.9
400.3
483.9
3194.7
468.3
753.0
428.0
295.9
365.5
738.8
1439.8
1383.2
514.2
993.7
819.2
542.0
337.9
2234.9
466.9
2186.3
775.6
1755.2
547.3
290.3
428.0

519.5
2699.1
1477.6
308.9
425.2
1964.1
367.4
739.2
433.8
273.9
347.0
740.2
824.0
863.2
377.0
820.1
848.1
462.5
300.0
1513.6
461.3
1677.7
635.9
1367.0
433.4
232.8
367.5

506.7
2271.1
1224.1
269.7
403.3
1516.7
309.8
646.8
444.3
260.1
351.0
712.0
679.3
706.2
437.9
691.3
1367.7
469.3
333.3
1308.6
469.1
1364.1
585.3
1110.7
377.5
207.3
323.2

429.5
1765.7
1003.0
255.9
358.0
1375.8
263.5
566.0
354.8
228.7
309.6
652.9
683.8
619.8
365.4
590.5
1299.6
417.7
268.7
1061.5
391.6
970.4
523.7
780.9
362.3
184.4
281.0

435.2
1838.1
1011.6
257.3
358.2
1689.5
264.5
558.4
342.0
229.3
312.0
619.3
776.2
654.5
372.5
591.8
1146.9
426.7
283.2
1086.8
358.5
967.4
518.1
789.2
402.2
190.7
283.9

Source: EEA, UNFCCC v_13, April 2013


Methodology and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 4

Part5

Country

Profiles

PART 5 Country Profiles

163

EU Energy in Figures

Summary
5.0.

164

5.1. Belgium

166

5.2. Bulgaria

168

5.3.

European Union 27

170

5.4. Denmark

Czech Republic

172

5.5. Germany

174

176

5.6. Estonia
5.7. Ireland

178

5.8. Greece

180

182

5.9. Spain

5.10. France
5.11. Italy

184
186

5.12. Cyprus

188

5.13. Latvia

190

5.14. Lithuania

5.15. Luxembourg

194

196

198

5.16. Hungary
5.17. Malta

192

5.18. Netherlands

200

5.19. Austria

202

5.20. Poland

204

5.21. Portugal

206

5.22. Romania

208

5.23. Slovenia

210

5.24. Slovakia

212

5.25. Finland

214

5.26. Sweden

216

5.27. United Kingdom

218

164

PART 5 Country Profiles

PART 5 Country Profiles

EU Energy in Figures

5.0. European Union 27

European Union 27
Mtoe, unless otherwise stated
1995
2000
2005
2009
2010
2011
Production
957.7
942.9
899.5
819.3
837.5
807.2
Solid Fuels
279.8
214.6
196.0
166.1
163.8
167.4
of which Hard Coal
174.8
120.7
100.1
74.7
73.7
72.5
Petroleum and Products
172.6
173.5
134.2
109.9
102.7
89.5
of which Crude and NGL
170.4
170.6
129.5
101.8
94.4
81.9
Gases
189.8
208.1
188.8
153.2
156.4
140.3
of which Natural Gas
189.4
207.9
188.7
153.2
156.3
140.3
Nuclear
227.3
243.8
257.5
230.8
236.6
234.0
Renewables
82.6
96.4
115.8
148.7
166.9
162.3
Waste, Non-Renewable
5.7
6.5
7.2
10.6
11.2
13.6
Net Imports
736.0
825.1
983.2
941.0
951.8
939.7
Solid Fuels
78.2
97.8
124.4
110.1
110.3
118.1
of which Hard Coal
76.5
93.8
122.0
110.5
109.7
118.5
Petroleum and Products
510.7
532.8
600.3
557.6
560.4
548.5
of which Crude and NGL
471.9
501.5
566.9
522.0
525.2
517.6
Gases
145.3
192.5
257.3
267.9
275.7
266.3
of which Natural Gas
145.3
192.5
257.3
267.9
275.7
266.3
Renewables
0.3
0.3
0.2
4.1
5.2
6.7
Electricity
1.5
1.7
1.0
1.3
0.3
0.0
Gross Inland Consumption
1668.7 1724.9 1824.8 1702.1 1759.4 1697.7
Solid Fuels
364.8
320.8
317.2
267.8
279.6
285.5
of which Hard Coal
257.6
221.1
219.5
176.9
188.6
190.9
Petroleum and Products
652.3
661.4
680.0
622.0
617.5
597.9
of which Crude and NGL
644.5
673.9
696.3
625.5
620.2
604.4
Gases
334.1
393.9
446.0
416.9
442.0
397.6
of which Natural Gas
333.7
393.7
445.9
416.9
441.9
397.5
Nuclear
227.3
243.8
257.5
230.8
236.6
234.0
Renewables
82.9
96.8
115.9
152.7
172.3
169.0
Waste, Non-Renewable
5.7
6.5
7.2
10.6
11.2
13.7
Electricity
1.5
1.7
1.0
1.3
0.3
0.0
Primary Energy Intensity
1557.9 1606.7 1702.8 1592.4 1644.6 1583.0
Final Non-Energy Consumption 110.7
118.2
122.0
109.6
114.8
114.6
Final Energy Consumption
1072.2 1121.5 1191.9 1110.1 1152.5 1103.3
by Fuel/Product
Solid Fuels
82.4
61.7
54.3
43.1
49.6
48.8
Petroleum and Products
460.5
483.5
499.8
461.9
457.1
444.6
Gases
246.1
266.2
284.5
252.5
268.8
241.1
Solar
0.3
0.4
0.7
1.3
1.5
1.7
Biomass and Renewable Waste
42.2
46.9
53.0
67.9
75.8
74.1
Geothermal
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.9
0.9
1.0
Waste, Non-Renewable
1.5
1.3
1.5
2.7
2.9
5.2
Electricity
193.4
216.6
238.2
232.0
242.7
238.0
Derived heat
45.1
44.4
59.3
47.9
53.3
48.9
by Sector
Industry
329.6
330.1
331.8
266.8
289.6
287.1
Transport
302.8
340.9
366.4
366.4
365.1
364.1
Households
281.7
292.3
303.1
294.3
307.8
272.7
Services
114.0
115.6
136.0
143.3
152.1
140.5
Agriculture
31.0
28.1
27.6
24.9
25.1
23.6
Fishing
1.0
1.0
1.1
1.0
0.9
0.9
Other
12.1
13.4
26.0
13.5
11.9
14.3
Methodology, Sources and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 5

165

EU Energy in Figures

5.0. European Union 27

European Union 27
Mtoe, unless otherwise stated
Installed Capacity GW
Combustible Fuels
Nuclear
Hydro
Gross Electricity Generation TWh
by Fuel
Solid Fuels
Petroleum and Products
Gases
Nuclear
Renewables
by Type
Main Activity Electricity Only
Main Activity CHP Plants
Autoproducer Electricity Only
Autoproducer CHP Plants
Cogeneration Heat and Power
CHP Electrical Capacity GW
CHP Electricity Generation TWh
CHP inTotal Electricity Generation %
CHP Heat Production PJ
Transport Fuels ktoe
Final Consumption
Petroleum Products
Motor Gasoline
Gas/Diesel Oil
Final Consumption Biofuels
Biogasoline
Biodiesel
Main Energy Indicators
Energy Intensity toe/M'05
Energy per Capita kgoe/cap
Final Electricity p/cap KWh/cap
Primary Efficiency toe/M'05
Import Dependency %
of Solid Fuels
of Hard Coal
of Petroleum Fuels
of Crude and NGL
of Natural Gas
RES of the Gross Final Energy %
Overall RES with Aviation Cap
RES-H&C Heating and Cooling
RES-E Electricity Generation
RE-T Transport
Gases Emissions mio ton CO2
CO2 Emissions
GHGs Emissions
Main Emissions Indicators
CO2 per Capita kg CO2/cap
Carbon Intensity kg CO2/toe
CO2 GDP Intensity ton CO2/M'05

1995

2000

2005

2009

2010

2011

352.6
400.9
433.3
464.4
478.2
487.7
128.4
133.8
135.0
132.5
131.7
132.1
125.6
136.4
139.0
143.8
145.2
146.8
2734.0 3025.2 3310.6 3203.5 3346.2 3279.6
945.7
227.9
293.2
880.8
376.7

932.1
179.6
511.3
945.0
442.9

967.6
139.5
696.4
997.7
488.1

819.6
96.5
751.5
894.0
619.7

828.6
86.2
790.9
916.6
700.6

848.7
73.6
726.5
906.8
699.5

2157.5
332.1
135.5
108.7

2468.6
350.2
82.0
124.0

2566.2
494.4
63.6
186.5

2488.3
472.8
62.1
180.3

2586.4
495.3
72.2
192.9

2529.2
480.2
72.6
197.4

98.1
365.7
11.1%
3112.4

100.6
366.6
11.4%
2849.5

104.9
392.6
11.7%
3023.5

105.3
375.5
11.2%
2979.1

296260 333188 355364 346516 343509 341689


135675 131468 114519 97866 92451 88704
121945 151729 184416 191202 194295 194876
211
700
3112 11915 13307 13958
24
58
559
2308
2834
2892
146
402
1374
9105
9937 10644
191
3486
4700
178
43.2%
21.4%
29.7%
74.3%
73.2%
43.5%

171
3571
5215
160
46.7%
30.5%
42.4%
75.7%
74.4%
48.9%

165
3710
5631
154
52.4%
39.2%
55.6%
82.2%
81.4%
57.7%

150
3403
5395
140
53.8%
41.1%
62.5%
83.2%
83.5%
64.3%

152
3506
5624
142
52.6%
39.4%
58.2%
84.1%
84.7%
62.4%

144
3375
5502
135
53.8%
41.4%
62.1%
84.9%
85.6%
67.0%

11.9%
13.6%
18.8%
4.2%

12.7%
14.3%
19.6%
4.7%

13.0%
15.1%
21.7%
3.8%

4345
5412

4366
5330

4551
5448

4063
4903

4174
5006

9079
2604
498

9039
2531
433

9252
2494
411

8125
2387
358

8317
2372
360

Methodology, Sources and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 5

166

PART 5 Country Profiles

PART 5 Country Profiles

EU Energy in Figures

5.1.Belgium

5.1.Belgium

Belgium

Belgium
Mtoe, unless otherwise stated
Production
Solid Fuels
of which Hard Coal
Petroleum and Products
of which Crude and NGL
Gases
of which Natural Gas
Nuclear
Renewables
Waste, Non-Renewable
Net Imports
Solid Fuels
of which Hard Coal
Petroleum and Products
of which Crude and NGL
Gases
of which Natural Gas
Renewables
Electricity
Gross Inland Consumption
Solid Fuels
of which Hard Coal
Petroleum and Products
of which Crude and NGL
Gases
of which Natural Gas
Nuclear
Renewables
Waste, Non-Renewable
Electricity
Primary Energy Intensity
Final Non-Energy Consumption
Final Energy Consumption
by Fuel/Product
Solid Fuels
Petroleum and Products
Gases
Solar
Biomass and Renewable Waste
Geothermal
Waste, Non-Renewable
Electricity
Derived heat
by Sector
Industry
Transport
Households
Services
Agriculture
Fishing
Other

167

EU Energy in Figures

1995
11.8
0.3
0.3

2000
13.6
0.2
0.2

2005
13.7
0.1
0.1

2009
15.6

2010
16.4

2011
18.3

1.1

1.3

0.7

0.0
0.0
10.7
0.4
0.4
46.9
9.4
8.9
26.7
26.5
10.4
10.4
0.1
0.4
54.1
8.7
8.2
22.9
26.5
10.6
10.6
10.7
0.5
0.4
0.4
48.3
5.8
34.3

0.0
0.0
12.4
0.5
0.4
50.4
7.2
6.6
29.5
34.1
13.3
13.3
0.1
0.4
59.2
7.9
7.3
24.1
34.0
13.4
13.4
12.4
0.6
0.4
0.4
52.5
6.7
37.4

12.3
0.9
0.5
53.4
5.1
5.0
32.6
31.8
14.8
14.8
0.3
0.5
59.0
5.0
4.9
24.8
32.0
14.7
14.7
12.3
1.2
0.5
0.5
51.5
7.5
36.6

12.2
1.7
0.7
48.4
2.5
2.6
30.5
31.2
15.0
15.0
0.6
-0.2
58.1
3.0
3.1
25.0
31.3
15.1
15.1
12.2
2.2
0.7
-0.2
50.9
7.3
34.5

12.4
2.0
0.8
53.1
3.1
3.3
32.6
33.3
16.8
16.8
0.6
0.0
61.5
3.2
3.2
25.6
33.4
17.0
17.0
12.4
2.6
0.8
0.0
53.9
7.6
36.9

12.4
2.5
2.7
48.4
2.9
3.0
29.7
29.9
15.2
15.2
0.4
0.2
59.7
2.9
2.9
23.3
29.8
15.2
15.2
12.4
2.9
2.7
0.2
52.0
7.7
38.9

3.3
16.0
8.5
0.0
0.3

3.3
16.3
10.0
0.0
0.4

2.0
16.5
10.0
0.0
0.6

1.0
15.5
9.5
0.0
1.1

1.2
15.4
11.1
0.0
1.3

0.1
5.9
0.2

0.1
6.7
0.5

0.1
6.9
0.4

0.1
6.6
0.6

0.1
7.2
0.7

1.1
14.5
12.3
0.0
1.2
0.0
2.1
6.9
0.7

12.0
8.5
9.3
3.5
1.1

14.1
9.7
9.5
3.4
0.7

11.7
9.9
9.9
4.2
0.8

11.2
10.8
9.0
5.0
0.8

13.3
10.7
7.4
4.4
0.8

0.0

0.0

0.0

9.6
11.1
8.3
4.6
0.8
0.0
0.1

0.1

2.3

Methodology, Sources and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 5

Mtoe, unless otherwise stated


1995
2000
2005
Installed Capacity GW
Combustible Fuels
7.9
8.5
8.7
Nuclear
5.6
5.7
5.8
Hydro
1.4
1.4
1.4
Gross Electricity Generation TWh
74.4
84.0
87.0
by Fuel
Solid Fuels
16.5
12.9
8.2
Petroleum and Products
1.3
0.8
1.7
Gases
12.9
19.1
25.1
Nuclear
41.4
48.2
47.6
Renewables
1.6
2.3
3.4
by Type
Main Activity Electricity Only
63.4
78.0
79.2
Main Activity CHP Plants
8.1
4.3
6.1
Autoproducer Electricity Only
2.9
0.3
0.2
Autoproducer CHP Plants
0.0
1.4
1.5
Cogeneration Heat and Power
CHP Electrical Capacity GW
1.9
CHP Electricity Generation TWh
7.4
CHP inTotal Electricity Generation %
8.5%
CHP Heat Production PJ
75.9
Transport Fuels ktoe
Final Consumption
8392
9537
9781
Petroleum Products
Motor Gasoline
2977
2359
1852
Gas/Diesel Oil
4283
5416
6496
Final Consumption Biofuels
Biogasoline
Biodiesel
Main Energy Indicators
Energy Intensity toe/M'05
222
211
194
Energy per Capita kgoe/cap
5341
5779
5631
Final Electricity p/cap KWh/cap
6752
7568
7657
Primary Efficiency toe/M'05
198
187
170
Import Dependency %
80.9% 78.1% 80.1%
of Solid Fuels
108.9% 91.1% 101.4%
of Hard Coal
108.5% 90.4% 100.9%
of Petroleum Fuels
99.6% 100.2% 100.8%
of Crude and NGL
99.8% 100.2% 99.5%
of Natural Gas
98.2% 99.3% 100.6%
RES of the Gross Final Energy %
Overall RES with Aviation Cap
RES-H&C Heating and Cooling
RES-E Electricity Generation
RE-T Transport
Gases Emissions mio ton CO2
CO2 Emissions
140
146
154
GHGs Emissions
166
167
172
Main Emissions Indicators
13804 14215 14680
CO2 per Capita kg CO2/cap
2585
2460
2607
Carbon Intensity kg CO2/toe
575
520
507
CO2 GDP Intensity ton CO2/M'05
Methodology, Sources and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 5

2009

2010

2011

9.2
5.9
1.4
91.2

9.2
5.9
1.4
95.1

10.3
5.9
1.4
90.2

5.2
0.3
30.3
47.2
6.9

4.2
0.4
33.2
47.9
7.9

3.4
0.3
27.4
48.2
9.6

77.7
9.7
0.3
3.5

79.8
10.1
0.8
4.4

74.7
8.9
1.3
5.2

2.4
13.2
14.5%

2.6
15.2
16.0%

2.6
14.5
16.0%
93.7

10694

10298

10208

1445
7242
286
47
238

1307
7384
362
53
309

1319
7342
348
48
300

185
191
182
5385
5651
5437
7160
7655
7298
162
167
159
74.3% 76.8% 72.9%
81.8% 98.3% 101.2%
83.7% 100.2% 103.0%
95.4% 98.0% 98.7%
99.7% 99.9% 100.3%
99.0% 99.0% 100.1%
4.7%
5.1%
5.8%
3.3%

5.4%
5.2%
6.9%
4.3%

135
152

140
158

12527
2326
430

12889
2281
435

4.1%
4.3%
8.8%
0.3%

168

PART 5 Country Profiles

PART 5 Country Profiles

EU Energy in Figures

5.2.Bulgaria

5.2.Bulgaria

Bulgaria

Bulgaria
Mtoe, unless otherwise stated
Production
Solid Fuels
of which Hard Coal
Petroleum and Products
of which Crude and NGL
Gases
of which Natural Gas
Nuclear
Renewables
Waste, Non-Renewable
Net Imports
Solid Fuels
of which Hard Coal
Petroleum and Products
of which Crude and NGL
Gases
of which Natural Gas
Renewables
Electricity
Gross Inland Consumption
Solid Fuels
of which Hard Coal
Petroleum and Products
of which Crude and NGL
Gases
of which Natural Gas
Nuclear
Renewables
Waste, Non-Renewable
Electricity
Primary Energy Intensity
Final Non-Energy Consumption
Final Energy Consumption
by Fuel/Product
Solid Fuels
Petroleum and Products
Gases
Solar
Biomass and Renewable Waste
Geothermal
Waste, Non-Renewable
Electricity
Derived heat
by Sector
Industry
Transport
Households
Services
Agriculture
Fishing
Other

169

EU Energy in Figures

1995
10.3
5.3
1.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
4.5
0.4

0.0
22.2
1.2
11.4

2000
9.9
4.3
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
4.7
0.8
0.0
8.7
2.3
2.2
4.1
5.3
2.7
2.7
0.0
-0.4
18.7
6.4
2.2
4.3
5.4
2.9
2.9
4.7
0.8
0.0
-0.4
17.7
1.0
8.9

2005
10.6
4.2
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.4
0.4
4.8
1.1
0.1
9.6
2.6
2.5
5.3
6.1
2.5
2.5
0.0
-0.7
20.1
6.9
2.6
5.0
6.3
2.8
2.8
4.8
1.1
0.1
-0.7
19.2
0.8
10.0

2009
9.8
4.6
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
4.0
1.1
0.0
8.1
1.7
1.7
4.7
6.2
2.1
2.1
0.0
-0.4
17.6
6.4
1.8
4.4
6.3
2.2
2.2
4.0
1.1
0.0
-0.4
17.0
0.6
8.6

2010
10.5
4.9
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.1
0.1
4.0
1.5
0.0
7.2
1.7
1.7
4.2
5.5
2.1
2.1
-0.1
-0.7
17.9
6.9
1.9
4.1
5.6
2.3
2.3
4.0
1.4
0.0
-0.7
17.5
0.4
8.9

2011
12.3
6.2
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.4
0.4
4.2
1.4
0.0
7.1
2.0
2.0
3.8
5.1
2.3
2.3
-0.1
-0.9
19.3
8.1
1.9
3.9
5.1
2.6
2.6
4.2
1.4
0.0
-0.9
18.8
0.5
9.3

1.3
2.9
1.8

0.9
3.0
1.5

1.0
3.7
1.5

0.3
3.3
1.0

0.2

0.5

2.5
2.8

0.0
2.1
0.9

0.7
0.0
0.1
2.2
0.9

0.7
0.0
0.0
2.3
0.9

0.4
3.1
1.1
0.0
0.9
0.0
0.0
2.3
1.0

0.5
3.0
1.3
0.0
1.0
0.0
0.0
2.4
1.0

6.0
1.8
2.5
0.2
0.4

3.8
2.0
2.2
0.6
0.3

3.9
2.9
2.1
0.8
0.3
0.0

2.5
2.9
2.1
0.9
0.2
0.0

2.6
2.9
2.2
1.0
0.2
0.0

2.7
2.9
2.4
1.0
0.2
0.0

0.5

0.0

13.5
2.4
2.3
6.6
8.1
4.6
4.6
0.0
0.0
23.4
7.6
3.2
6.3
8.1
4.6
4.6
4.5
0.4

Methodology, Sources and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 5

Mtoe, unless otherwise stated


Installed Capacity GW
Combustible Fuels
Nuclear
Hydro
Gross Electricity Generation TWh
by Fuel
Solid Fuels
Petroleum and Products
Gases
Nuclear
Renewables
by Type
Main Activity Electricity Only
Main Activity CHP Plants
Autoproducer Electricity Only
Autoproducer CHP Plants
Cogeneration Heat and Power
CHP Electrical Capacity GW
CHP Electricity Generation TWh
CHP inTotal Electricity Generation %
CHP Heat Production PJ
Transport Fuels ktoe
Final Consumption
Petroleum Products
Motor Gasoline
Gas/Diesel Oil
Final Consumption Biofuels
Biogasoline
Biodiesel
Main Energy Indicators
Energy Intensity toe/M'05
Energy per Capita kgoe/cap
Final Electricity p/cap KWh/cap
Primary Efficiency toe/M'05
Import Dependency %
of Solid Fuels
of Hard Coal
of Petroleum Fuels
of Crude and NGL
of Natural Gas
RES of the Gross Final Energy %
Overall RES with Aviation Cap
RES-H&C Heating and Cooling
RES-E Electricity Generation
RE-T Transport
Gases Emissions mio ton CO2
CO2 Emissions
GHGs Emissions
Main Emissions Indicators
CO2 per Capita kg CO2/cap
Carbon Intensity kg CO2/toe
CO2 GDP Intensity ton CO2/M'05

1995

2000

2005

2009

2010

2011

2.0
41.8

1.9
40.9

6.7
2.7
2.8
44.4

4.4
1.9
3.0
43.0

4.6
1.9
3.0
46.7

4.5
1.9
3.1
50.8

17.3
1.4
3.4
17.3
2.3

16.9
0.7
2.2
18.2
3.0

18.5
0.6
1.9
18.7
4.7

21.1
0.3
2.0
15.3
4.3

22.6
0.4
2.0
15.2
6.4

27.5
0.1
2.1
16.3
4.7

33.4
5.6
0.0
2.8

35.3
3.8
0.0
1.8

38.4
4.4
0.2
1.5

37.4
5.4
0.0
0.2

41.6
4.9
0.0
0.2

46.1
4.5
0.0
0.1

1.2
2.7
6.1%
50.4

1.3
4.0
9.4%
44.5

1.0
3.7
8.0%
40.4

1.1
3.4
6.7%
38.5

1751

1784

2578

2694

2626

2629

1138
276

693
773

572
1370

647
1483
4

611
1459
13

564
1524
17

10

17

1329
1050
863
665
675
712
2785
2290
2601
2320
2381
2623
3413
2968
3332
3539
3597
3868
1259
995
827
643
659
694
57.2% 46.5% 47.5% 45.3% 40.1% 36.6%
31.7% 35.1% 37.0% 27.3% 24.7% 24.4%
73.0% 100.5% 94.8% 93.6% 88.2% 102.9%
99.6% 95.6% 101.9% 101.3% 100.8% 97.7%
99.7% 98.7% 97.7% 98.6% 99.1% 98.2%
99.5% 93.5% 87.7% 98.6% 92.6% 86.1%
11.9%
21.0%
11.3%
0.6%

13.8%
23.7%
12.9%
1.0%

64
84

48
63

53
67

47
60

49
62

7603
2730
3629

5885
2570
2699

6843
2631
2271

6161
2656
1766

6482
2723
1838

Methodology, Sources and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 5

13.8%
23.8%
12.9%
0.4%

170

PART 5 Country Profiles

PART 5 Country Profiles

EU Energy in Figures

5.3. Czech Republic

5.3. Czech Republic

Czech Republic

Czech Republic
Mtoe, unless otherwise stated
Production
Solid Fuels
of which Hard Coal
Petroleum and Products
of which Crude and NGL
Gases
of which Natural Gas
Nuclear
Renewables
Waste, Non-Renewable
Net Imports
Solid Fuels
of which Hard Coal
Petroleum and Products
of which Crude and NGL
Gases
of which Natural Gas
Renewables
Electricity
Gross Inland Consumption
Solid Fuels
of which Hard Coal
Petroleum and Products
of which Crude and NGL
Gases
of which Natural Gas
Nuclear
Renewables
Waste, Non-Renewable
Electricity
Primary Energy Intensity
Final Non-Energy Consumption
Final Energy Consumption
by Fuel/Product
Solid Fuels
Petroleum and Products
Gases
Solar
Biomass and Renewable Waste
Geothermal
Waste, Non-Renewable
Electricity
Derived heat
by Sector
Industry
Transport
Households
Services
Agriculture
Fishing
Other

171

EU Energy in Figures

1995
32.4
27.6
10.8
0.3
0.1
0.2
0.2
3.2
1.2
0.0
8.6
-5.8
-2.9
7.9
7.0
6.4
6.4
0.0
0.0
41.7
22.7
8.4
8.1
6.9
6.6
6.6
3.2
1.2
0.0
0.0
39.2
2.5
26.2

2000
30.6
25.0
9.4
0.4
0.2
0.2
0.2
3.5
1.3
0.2
9.5
-4.7
-3.5
7.6
5.6
7.5
7.5
0.0
-0.9
41.3
21.6
6.3
8.0
5.9
7.5
7.5
3.5
1.3
0.2
-0.9
39.1
2.2
24.7

2005
32.9
23.6
8.4
0.6
0.3
0.2
0.2
6.4
2.0
0.2
12.8
-3.3
-2.8
9.8
7.8
7.5
7.5
-0.2
-1.1
45.3
20.2
5.6
10.1
7.8
7.7
7.7
6.4
1.8
0.2
-1.1
42.3
3.0
26.0

2009
31.2
20.9
7.1
0.3
0.2
0.1
0.1
7.0
2.6
0.2
11.5
-3.4
-3.2
9.2
7.3
7.0
7.0
-0.2
-1.2
42.4
17.6
4.1
9.6
7.5
6.7
6.7
7.0
2.4
0.2
-1.2
39.8
2.6
24.5

2010
31.6
20.7
7.4
0.3
0.2
0.2
0.2
7.2
2.9
0.2
11.5
-3.0
-2.9
9.0
7.8
6.8
6.8
-0.1
-1.3
44.8
18.5
4.9
9.3
8.0
8.0
8.0
7.2
2.8
0.2
-1.3
42.0
2.8
25.6

2011
32.0
20.9
7.2
0.4
0.2
0.2
0.2
7.3
3.0
0.2
12.1
-2.6
-2.5
8.6
7.0
7.5
7.5
0.0
-1.5
43.3
18.4
5.1
9.1
7.2
6.8
6.8
7.3
3.0
0.2
-1.5
40.7
2.6
24.6

5.9
5.5
6.2

5.0
5.4
6.5

0.9

0.9

3.6
6.9
6.7
0.0
1.3

3.1
7.0
5.8
0.0
1.7

3.1
6.6
6.7
0.0
1.9

3.1
6.6
6.0
0.0
1.9

4.1
3.7

0.0
4.2
2.6

0.1
4.8
2.5

0.2
4.7
2.1

0.2
4.9
2.2

0.2
4.9
2.1

12.9
2.9
6.1
2.4
1.2

10.1
4.4
6.0
3.0
0.7

0.7

0.5

9.7
6.2
6.2
3.1
0.6
0.0
0.3

8.2
6.6
6.0
2.9
0.5
0.0
0.2

8.7
6.3
6.6
3.1
0.6
0.0
0.3

8.6
6.3
5.9
3.0
0.6
0.0
0.3

Methodology, Sources and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 5

Mtoe, unless otherwise stated


1995
Installed Capacity GW
Combustible Fuels
10.6
Nuclear
1.8
Hydro
1.4
Gross Electricity Generation TWh
60.8
by Fuel
Solid Fuels
44.3
Petroleum and Products
0.6
Gases
1.0
Nuclear
12.2
Renewables
2.7
by Type
Main Activity Electricity Only
47.3
Main Activity CHP Plants
7.2
Autoproducer Electricity Only
0.7
Autoproducer CHP Plants
5.6
Cogeneration Heat and Power
CHP Electrical Capacity GW
CHP Electricity Generation TWh
CHP inTotal Electricity Generation %
CHP Heat Production PJ
Transport Fuels ktoe
Final Consumption
2630
Petroleum Products
Motor Gasoline
1720
Gas/Diesel Oil
708
Final Consumption Biofuels
16
Biogasoline
Biodiesel
16
Main Energy Indicators
Energy Intensity toe/M'05
533
Energy per Capita kgoe/cap
4036
Final Electricity p/cap KWh/cap
4654
Primary Efficiency toe/M'05
501
Import Dependency %
20.6%
of Solid Fuels
-25.5%
of Hard Coal
-34.2%
of Petroleum Fuels
97.9%
of Crude and NGL
100.2%
of Natural Gas
98.0%
RES of the Gross Final Energy %
Overall RES with Aviation Cap
RES-H&C Heating and Cooling
RES-E Electricity Generation
RE-T Transport
Gases Emissions mio ton CO2
CO2 Emissions
129
GHGs Emissions
151
Main Emissions Indicators
12461
CO2 per Capita kg CO2/cap
3087
Carbon Intensity kg CO2/toe
1647
CO2 GDP Intensity ton CO2/M'05

2000

2005

2009

2010

2011

11.5
1.8
2.1
73.5

11.5
3.8
2.2
82.6

11.7
3.8
2.2
82.3

11.8
3.9
2.2
85.9

11.9
4.0
2.2
87.5

52.6
0.4
3.9
13.6
2.8

49.5
0.3
4.2
24.7
3.8

46.0
0.2
3.7
27.2
5.2

47.1
0.2
4.1
28.0
6.5

47.0
0.1
4.0
28.3
7.9

52.5
10.5
1.3
9.2

61.2
11.3
1.2
8.9

61.5
11.8
1.1
7.8

65.3
11.3
1.5
7.8

66.5
12.9
1.3
6.8

5.2
13.9
16.8%
150.7

4.8
11.0
13.4%
119.9

4.8
12.2
14.2%
135.7

4.7
11.2
12.8%
121.1

4111

5962

6170

5800

5761

1953
1890
64

2160
3384
3

64

2086
3628
195
59
136

1895
3483
231
58
173

1822
3507
300
61
239

482
4017
4807
456
23.0%
-21.8%
-56.1%
95.3%
95.3%
99.8%

433
364
4424
4043
5403
5234
404
342
28.3% 27.1%
-16.1% -19.4%
-49.4% -79.1%
97.5% 96.6%
99.3% 97.2%
97.8% 104.6%

375
356
4258
4127
5440
5397
352
335
25.6% 27.9%
-16.1% -14.0%
-58.0% -47.8%
96.3% 95.0%
97.5% 97.3%
85.2% 110.8%

8.7%
11.9%
6.4%
3.8%

9.4%
12.0%
7.5%
4.6%

127
146

128
147

117
136

121
140

12317
3066
1478

12515
2829
1224

11143
2756
1003

11492
2699
1012

Methodology, Sources and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 5

9.4%
12.8%
10.6%
0.6%

172

PART 5 Country Profiles

PART 5 Country Profiles

EU Energy in Figures

5.4.Denmark

5.4.Denmark

Denmark

Denmark
Mtoe, unless otherwise stated
Production
Solid Fuels
of which Hard Coal
Petroleum and Products
of which Crude and NGL
Gases
of which Natural Gas
Nuclear
Renewables
Waste, Non-Renewable
Net Imports
Solid Fuels
of which Hard Coal
Petroleum and Products
of which Crude and NGL
Gases
of which Natural Gas
Renewables
Electricity
Gross Inland Consumption
Solid Fuels
of which Hard Coal
Petroleum and Products
of which Crude and NGL
Gases
of which Natural Gas
Nuclear
Renewables
Waste, Non-Renewable
Electricity
Primary Energy Intensity
Final Non-Energy Consumption
Final Energy Consumption
by Fuel/Product
Solid Fuels
Petroleum and Products
Gases
Solar
Biomass and Renewable Waste
Geothermal
Waste, Non-Renewable
Electricity
Derived heat
by Sector
Industry
Transport
Households
Services
Agriculture
Fishing
Other

173

EU Energy in Figures

1995
15.6

2000
27.7

2005
31.3

2009
24.0

2010
23.3

2011
21.2

9.4
9.4
4.7
4.7

18.2
18.2
7.4
7.4

19.0
19.0
9.4
9.4

13.3
13.3
7.5
7.5

12.5
12.5
7.4
7.3

11.4
11.3
6.3
6.3

1.3
0.2
7.3
7.7
7.6
1.2
0.6
-1.5
-1.5
0.0
-0.1
20.3
6.5
6.5
9.1
9.9
3.2
3.2

1.7
0.3
-7.4
3.8
3.8
-8.5
-9.9
-2.9
-2.9
0.1
0.1
19.8
4.0
4.0
9.2
8.2
4.5
4.4

2.5
0.4
-10.5
3.5
3.5
-9.4
-11.2
-5.0
-5.0
0.3
0.1
19.8
3.7
3.7
8.3
7.9
4.4
4.4

2.8
0.4
-4.0
3.9
3.9
-4.9
-5.2
-3.6
-3.6
0.5
0.0
19.3
4.0
4.0
7.6
8.0
3.9
3.9

3.1
0.4
-3.5
2.6
2.6
-3.9
-5.1
-3.0
-3.0
0.8
-0.1
20.3
3.8
3.8
7.8
7.4
4.4
4.4

3.0
0.4
-1.7
3.6
3.6
-4.0
-4.4
-2.5
-2.5
1.0
0.1
19.0
3.2
3.2
7.4
6.9
3.7
3.7

1.3
0.2
-0.1
20.0
0.3
14.8

1.8
0.3
0.1
19.5
0.3
14.7

2.8
0.4
0.1
19.5
0.3
15.5

3.3
0.4
0.0
19.0
0.2
14.8

3.9
0.4
-0.1
20.0
0.3
15.5

4.1
0.4
0.1
18.7
0.3
14.7

0.4
7.3
1.7
0.0
0.6

0.3
7.1
1.7
0.0
0.6

0.3
7.3
1.7
0.0
0.9

0.1
6.7
1.6
0.0
1.2

0.1
6.7
1.8
0.0
1.2

0.1
6.4
1.6
0.0
1.3

0.0
2.7
2.2

0.0
2.8
2.3

0.0
2.9
2.4

0.0
2.7
2.5

0.0
2.8
2.8

0.0
2.7
2.5

3.0
4.5
4.5
1.8
0.7
0.2
0.0

2.9
4.8
4.2
1.8
0.7
0.2
0.0

2.9
5.3
4.5
2.0
0.7
0.2
0.0

2.3
5.2
4.4
2.0
0.7
0.1
0.0

2.4
5.2
4.9
2.1
0.7
0.1
0.0

2.4
5.1
4.4
2.0
0.7
0.1
0.0

Methodology, Sources and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 5

Mtoe, unless otherwise stated


1995
2000
2005
Installed Capacity GW
Combustible Fuels
10.2
9.9
9.9
Nuclear
Hydro
0.0
0.0
0.0
Gross Electricity Generation TWh
36.8
36.1
36.2
by Fuel
Solid Fuels
27.4
16.7
15.5
Petroleum and Products
3.6
4.4
1.4
Gases
3.6
8.8
8.8
Nuclear
Renewables
1.9
5.6
9.8
by Type
Main Activity Electricity Only
5.4
6.7
6.7
Main Activity CHP Plants
30.1
26.5
26.7
Autoproducer Electricity Only
0.0
0.0
0.0
Autoproducer CHP Plants
1.2
2.8
2.9
Cogeneration Heat and Power
CHP Electrical Capacity GW
5.7
CHP Electricity Generation TWh
18.9
CHP inTotal Electricity Generation %
52.1%
CHP Heat Production PJ
119.0
Transport Fuels ktoe
Final Consumption
4526
4791
5295
Petroleum Products
Motor Gasoline
1953
2028
1931
Gas/Diesel Oil
1810
1859
2367
Final Consumption Biofuels
Biogasoline
Biodiesel
Main Energy Indicators
Energy Intensity toe/M'05
120
102
95
Energy per Capita kgoe/cap
3878
3708
3646
Final Electricity p/cap KWh/cap
5905
6080
6175
Primary Efficiency toe/M'05
118
100
94
Import Dependency %
33.3% -35.3% -50.9%
of Solid Fuels
117.9% 94.9% 94.4%
of Hard Coal
118.0% 94.8% 94.3%
of Petroleum Fuels
11.0% -81.1% -103.9%
of Crude and NGL
6.3% -120.5% -141.3%
of Natural Gas
-47.2% -64.8% -113.9%
RES of the Gross Final Energy %
Overall RES with Aviation Cap
RES-H&C Heating and Cooling
RES-E Electricity Generation
RE-T Transport
Gases Emissions mio ton CO2
CO2 Emissions
68
60
56
GHGs Emissions
83
75
69
Main Emissions Indicators
12954 11275 10322
CO2 per Capita kg CO2/cap
3341
3040
2831
Carbon Intensity kg CO2/toe
400
309
270
CO2 GDP Intensity ton CO2/M'05
Methodology, Sources and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 5

2009

2010

2011

9.9

9.6

9.6

0.0
36.4

0.0
38.8

0.0
35.2

17.7
1.2
6.7

17.0
0.8
7.9

14.0
0.5
5.8

10.1

12.4

14.2

6.8
27.5
0.0
2.1

7.9
28.6
0.0
2.2

9.9
23.2
0.0
2.1

5.3
16.5
45.3%
109.8

5.8
19.1
49.2%
124.7

5.5
16.3
46.2%
108.1

5151

5101

4971

1704
2574
9
5
4

1563
2642
27
27

1463
2578
133
49
84

94
3487
5695
93
-20.4%
98.0%
98.1%
-60.4%
-65.0%
-91.9%

98
91
3658
3411
5792
5637
97
89
-16.9%
-8.5%
69.4% 111.0%
69.3% 111.1%
-45.7% -48.7%
-68.8% -62.8%
-68.3% -66.3%

20.2%
30.8%
28.3%
0.2%

22.2%
31.9%
32.9%
0.3%

52
65

53
66

9448
2710
256

9607
2626
257

23.1%
33.6%
35.9%
0.2%

174

PART 5 Country Profiles

PART 5 Country Profiles

EU Energy in Figures

5.5.Germany

5.5.Germany

Germany

Germany
Mtoe, unless otherwise stated
Production
Solid Fuels
of which Hard Coal
Petroleum and Products
of which Crude and NGL
Gases
of which Natural Gas
Nuclear
Renewables
Waste, Non-Renewable
Net Imports
Solid Fuels
of which Hard Coal
Petroleum and Products
of which Crude and NGL
Gases
of which Natural Gas
Renewables
Electricity
Gross Inland Consumption
Solid Fuels
of which Hard Coal
Petroleum and Products
of which Crude and NGL
Gases
of which Natural Gas
Nuclear
Renewables
Waste, Non-Renewable
Electricity
Primary Energy Intensity
Final Non-Energy Consumption
Final Energy Consumption
by Fuel/Product
Solid Fuels
Petroleum and Products
Gases
Solar
Biomass and Renewable Waste
Geothermal
Waste, Non-Renewable
Electricity
Derived heat
by Sector
Industry
Transport
Households
Services
Agriculture
Fishing
Other

175

EU Energy in Figures

1995
145.1
78.9
38.1
4.0
3.0
15.1
15.1
39.5
6.1
1.4
195.6
10.3
8.2
132.0
102.2
52.9
52.9

2000
135.5
60.6
24.2
4.5
3.2
15.8
15.8
43.8
9.1
1.7
205.8
21.7
17.2
127.0
102.7
56.9
56.9
0.3
343.6
84.8
43.8
132.2
109.4
71.9
71.9
43.8
9.1
1.7
0.3
312.4
31.2
219.1

2005
136.6
56.5
18.0
5.5
3.5
14.2
14.2
42.1
17.5
0.8
213.1
25.7
23.5
122.8
113.7
65.7
65.7
-0.8
-0.4
346.0
81.7
41.0
124.2
116.8
80.9
80.9
42.1
16.7
0.8
-0.4
314.7
31.3
229.5

2009
127.9
45.7
9.2
5.0
2.8
11.1
11.1
34.8
27.8
3.5
202.4
25.9
24.3
110.5
99.4
67.3
67.3
-0.2
-1.1
326.4
71.6
33.5
113.3
102.6
76.6
76.6
34.8
27.6
3.5
-1.1
298.8
27.7
213.2

2010
132.0
45.1
8.5
4.3
2.5
9.7
9.7
36.3
32.7
3.8
202.6
31.8
29.3
112.1
94.0
60.1
60.1
-0.2
-1.3
336.1
77.1
38.0
114.2
96.9
73.4
73.4
36.3
32.6
3.8
-1.3
306.4
29.7
217.4

2011
124.9
46.5
8.4
4.5
2.7
10.9
10.9
27.9
31.3
3.9
194.9
31.7
29.9
106.9
91.5
56.7
56.7
-0.1
-0.3
316.3
77.1
37.1
110.8
95.0
65.8
65.8
27.9
31.2
3.9
-0.3
286.4
29.9
207.1

0.4
342.2
91.6
47.7
135.8
105.5
67.3
67.3
39.5
6.1
1.4
0.4
314.8
27.3
220.7
13.9
104.6
51.8
0.0
2.7
0.1

11.0
98.7
56.1
0.1
4.7
0.1

9.9
88.9
59.9
0.2
7.8
0.1

38.8
8.7

41.6
6.8

44.8
17.9

8.3
82.7
57.5
0.4
10.0
0.4
1.0
42.6
10.2

9.6
82.5
54.0
0.4
12.6
0.5
0.9
45.5
11.3

10.0
79.7
47.7
0.6
12.7
0.6
0.9
44.8
10.0

60.1
62.8
66.2
25.1
2.7

57.6
65.9
65.2
25.1
0.9

62.5
62.4
63.6
26.5
1.0

51.7
61.8
65.8
29.3
1.0

60.6
61.9
62.0
32.1
0.8

60.0
62.3
52.9
29.9
0.8

3.7

4.4

13.6

3.7

Methodology, Sources and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 5

1.2

Mtoe, unless otherwise stated


Installed Capacity GW
Combustible Fuels
Nuclear
Hydro
Gross Electricity Generation TWh
by Fuel
Solid Fuels
Petroleum and Products
Gases
Nuclear
Renewables
by Type
Main Activity Electricity Only
Main Activity CHP Plants
Autoproducer Electricity Only
Autoproducer CHP Plants
Cogeneration Heat and Power
CHP Electrical Capacity GW
CHP Electricity Generation TWh
CHP inTotal Electricity Generation %
CHP Heat Production PJ
Transport Fuels ktoe
Final Consumption
Petroleum Products
Motor Gasoline
Gas/Diesel Oil
Final Consumption Biofuels
Biogasoline
Biodiesel
Main Energy Indicators
Energy Intensity toe/M'05
Energy per Capita kgoe/cap
Final Electricity p/cap KWh/cap
Primary Efficiency toe/M'05
Import Dependency %
of Solid Fuels
of Hard Coal
of Petroleum Fuels
of Crude and NGL
of Natural Gas
RES of the Gross Final Energy %
Overall RES with Aviation Cap
RES-H&C Heating and Cooling
RES-E Electricity Generation
RE-T Transport
Gases Emissions mio ton CO2
CO2 Emissions
GHGs Emissions
Main Emissions Indicators
CO2 per Capita kg CO2/cap
Carbon Intensity kg CO2/toe
CO2 GDP Intensity ton CO2/M'05

1995

2000

2005

2009

2010

2011

83.4
22.8
8.9
537.3

80.8
22.4
9.0
576.5

76.4
20.4
8.3
620.6

80.2
20.5
10.6
590.4

77.2
20.5
11.0
629.0

81.8
20.5
11.6
608.9

289.1
9.0
50.4
153.1
30.4

296.7
4.8
60.0
169.6
39.7

297.5
10.6
77.6
163.1
68.8

252.7
9.6
84.9
134.9
100.0

263.6
8.4
96.7
140.6
110.5

262.5
6.8
93.0
108.0
129.4

462.6
0.0
74.7
0.0

527.6
0.0
48.9
0.0

514.1
62.0
20.8
23.7

496.0
50.5
17.3
26.6

521.5
54.5
23.2
29.8

493.4
64.8
20.3
30.3

20.8
77.9
12.6%
652.5

22.5
77.0
13.0%
628.7

22.5
83.2
13.2%
675.8

26.6
79.6
13.1%
638.9

61418

64336

58978

57488

57297

57733

31416
23930
31

30036
26857
225

24235
26374
1941
152
626

20690
27270
2697
564
1941

19665
28281
2960
732
1981

19591
29130
2943
771
2057

174
4190
5525
160
56.8%
11.2%
17.1%
95.8%
96.9%
78.6%

159
4181
5882
145
59.5%
25.5%
39.2%
94.5%
93.8%
79.1%

156
4196
6317
141
61.2%
31.5%
57.3%
97.0%
97.3%
81.3%

143
3987
6053
131
61.5%
36.2%
72.4%
95.2%
96.9%
87.9%

141
4111
6470
129
59.8%
41.3%
77.3%
95.8%
97.0%
81.9%

129
3868
6377
117
61.1%
41.1%
80.6%
94.2%
96.3%
86.1%

9.5%
8.5%
17.2%
5.3%

11.0%
10.5%
18.1%
5.7%

12.3%
12.0%
21.3%
6.1%

953
1139

918
1066

897
1029

818
946

852
970

11667
2784
484

11171
2672
425

10878
2593
403

9989
2505
358

10426
2536
358

Methodology, Sources and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 5

176

PART 5 Country Profiles

PART 5 Country Profiles

EU Energy in Figures

5.6.Estonia

5.6.Estonia

Estonia

Estonia
Mtoe, unless otherwise stated
Production
Solid Fuels
of which Hard Coal
Petroleum and Products
of which Crude and NGL
Gases
of which Natural Gas
Nuclear
Renewables
Waste, Non-Renewable
Net Imports
Solid Fuels
of which Hard Coal
Petroleum and Products
of which Crude and NGL
Gases
of which Natural Gas
Renewables
Electricity
Gross Inland Consumption
Solid Fuels
of which Hard Coal
Petroleum and Products
of which Crude and NGL
Gases
of which Natural Gas
Nuclear
Renewables
Waste, Non-Renewable
Electricity
Primary Energy Intensity
Final Non-Energy Consumption
Final Energy Consumption
by Fuel/Product
Solid Fuels
Petroleum and Products
Gases
Solar
Biomass and Renewable Waste
Geothermal
Waste, Non-Renewable
Electricity
Derived heat
by Sector
Industry
Transport
Households
Services
Agriculture
Fishing
Other

177

EU Energy in Figures

1995
3.7
3.1

2000
3.4
2.7

2005
4.2
3.2

2009
4.7
3.3

2010
5.5
3.9

2011
5.6
4.1

0.3

0.2

0.4

0.5

0.5

0.6

0.4

0.5

0.7

0.9

1.0

1.0

1.8
0.3
0.1
1.0

1.6
0.3
0.1
0.8

1.4
0.0
0.0
0.9

1.2
0.0
0.0
0.8

0.8
0.0
0.0
0.7

0.7
0.0
0.0
0.7

0.6
0.6
0.0
-0.1
5.5
3.5
0.1
1.2

0.7
0.7
0.0
-0.1
5.0
3.0
0.1
0.9

0.8
0.8
-0.1
-0.1
5.6
3.2
0.0
1.1

0.5
0.5
-0.1
0.0
5.3
3.1
0.1
1.0

0.6
0.6
-0.2
-0.3
6.1
3.9
0.0
1.1

0.5
0.5
-0.1
-0.3
6.2
4.1
0.0
1.1

0.6
0.6

0.7
0.7

0.8
0.8

0.5
0.5

0.6
0.6

0.5
0.5

0.3

0.5

0.6

0.7

0.8

0.8

-0.1
5.4
0.2
2.6

-0.1
4.8
0.2
2.4

-0.1
5.4
0.2
2.9

0.0
5.2
0.1
2.8

-0.3
6.1
0.0
2.9

-0.3
6.1
0.0
2.8

0.2
0.9
0.3

0.1
0.8
0.2

0.1
1.0
0.3

0.1
0.9
0.2

0.1
0.9
0.2

0.1
1.0
0.2

0.3

0.4

0.4

0.5

0.6

0.5

0.4
0.6

0.4
0.5

0.5
0.5

0.6
0.5

0.6
0.5

0.6
0.5

0.9
0.5
1.0
0.2
0.1

0.6
0.6
0.9
0.3
0.1

0.7
0.8
0.9
0.4
0.1
0.0

0.5
0.7
1.0
0.4
0.1
0.0

0.6
0.8
1.0
0.4
0.1
0.0

0.6
0.8
0.9
0.4
0.1
0.0

0.0

Methodology, Sources and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 5

Mtoe, unless otherwise stated


1995
2000
2005
2009
2010
2011
Installed Capacity GW
Combustible Fuels
2.8
2.5
2.6
2.6
2.6
Nuclear
Hydro
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Gross Electricity Generation TWh
8.8
8.5
10.2
8.8
13.0
12.9
by Fuel
Solid Fuels
8.4
7.7
9.3
7.7
11.2
11.0
Petroleum and Products
0.1
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Gases
0.3
0.8
0.8
0.5
0.7
0.7
Nuclear
Renewables
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.5
1.0
1.2
by Type
Main Activity Electricity Only
0.0
7.3
9.1
8.0
11.6
11.7
Main Activity CHP Plants
8.6
1.1
0.9
0.7
1.2
1.0
Autoproducer Electricity Only
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Autoproducer CHP Plants
0.2
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
Cogeneration Heat and Power
CHP Electrical Capacity GW
1.6
0.4
0.4
0.4
CHP Electricity Generation TWh
1.0
0.8
1.3
1.3
CHP inTotal Electricity Generation %
10.2%
9.2% 10.3% 10.4%
CHP Heat Production PJ
11.5
11.5
12.3
12.3
Transport Fuels ktoe
Final Consumption
481
570
756
739
781
779
Petroleum Products
Motor Gasoline
259
293
303
307
289
274
Gas/Diesel Oil
202
255
405
398
454
470
Final Consumption Biofuels
Biogasoline
Biodiesel
Main Energy Indicators
Energy Intensity toe/M'05
967
627
497
487
543
505
Energy per Capita kgoe/cap
3824
3618
4128
3961
4563
4598
Final Electricity p/cap KWh/cap
3163
3637
4482
4961
5155
4945
Primary Efficiency toe/M'05
936
605
481
481
538
502
Import Dependency %
32.4% 32.0% 25.4% 21.4% 13.1% 11.7%
of Solid Fuels
8.4%
9.1%
0.8%
-0.2%
-0.6%
-0.4%
of Hard Coal
102.4% 116.1% 96.4% 34.5% 118.3% 95.7%
of Petroleum Fuels
80.4% 77.2% 69.4% 64.7% 56.3% 55.6%
of Crude and NGL
of Natural Gas
100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0%
RES of the Gross Final Energy %
Overall RES with Aviation Cap
23.0% 24.3% 25.9%
RES-H&C Heating and Cooling
41.8% 42.8% 46.0%
RES-E Electricity Generation
6.1% 10.4% 12.3%
RE-T Transport
0.2%
0.2%
0.2%
Gases Emissions mio ton CO2
CO2 Emissions
18
16
17
15
19
GHGs Emissions
21
18
19
17
21
Main Emissions Indicators
12629 11329 12586 11187 14198
CO2 per Capita kg CO2/cap
3302
3131
3049
2824
3112
Carbon Intensity kg CO2/toe
3195
1964
1517
1376
1690
CO2 GDP Intensity ton CO2/M'05
Methodology, Sources and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 5

178

PART 5 Country Profiles

PART 5 Country Profiles

EU Energy in Figures

5.7.Ireland

5.7.Ireland

Ireland

Ireland
Mtoe, unless otherwise stated
Production
Solid Fuels
of which Hard Coal
Petroleum and Products
of which Crude and NGL
Gases
of which Natural Gas
Nuclear
Renewables
Waste, Non-Renewable
Net Imports
Solid Fuels
of which Hard Coal
Petroleum and Products
of which Crude and NGL
Gases
of which Natural Gas
Renewables
Electricity
Gross Inland Consumption
Solid Fuels
of which Hard Coal
Petroleum and Products
of which Crude and NGL
Gases
of which Natural Gas
Nuclear
Renewables
Waste, Non-Renewable
Electricity
Primary Energy Intensity
Final Non-Energy Consumption
Final Energy Consumption
by Fuel/Product
Solid Fuels
Petroleum and Products
Gases
Solar
Biomass and Renewable Waste
Geothermal
Waste, Non-Renewable
Electricity
Derived heat
by Sector
Industry
Transport
Households
Services
Agriculture
Fishing
Other

179

EU Energy in Figures

1995
4.1
1.7
0.0

2000
2.2
1.0

2005
1.6
0.8

2009
1.5
0.6

2010
1.9
1.0

2011
1.8
0.8

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

2.2
2.2

1.0
1.0

0.5
0.5

0.3
0.3

0.3
0.3

0.3
0.3

0.2

0.2

0.4

7.7
1.9
1.9
5.7
2.2
0.1
0.1

12.1
1.7
1.7
8.0
3.0
2.5
2.5

0.0
11.0
2.9
1.8
5.6
2.2
2.3
2.3

0.0
14.2
2.6
1.8
7.9
3.3
3.4
3.4

13.6
1.9
1.9
8.5
3.3
3.0
3.0
0.0
0.2
15.1
2.7
1.9
8.4
3.3
3.5
3.5

0.6
0.0
13.1
1.3
1.3
7.7
2.7
4.0
4.0
0.0
0.1
14.7
2.0
1.1
7.7
2.8
4.3
4.3

0.6
0.0
12.9
0.9
0.9
7.5
3.0
4.4
4.4
0.0
0.0
15.0
2.0
1.2
7.6
2.9
4.7
4.7

0.7
0.0
12.4
1.4
1.4
7.0
3.0
3.8
3.8
0.1
0.0
13.9
2.0
1.3
6.8
3.0
4.1
4.1

0.2

0.2

0.4

0.0
10.4
0.6
7.9

0.0
13.7
0.6
10.7

0.2
14.8
0.3
12.5

0.7
0.0
0.1
14.6
0.2
11.8

0.7
0.0
0.0
14.7
0.3
11.8

0.8
0.0
0.0
13.6
0.3
10.8

0.9
4.8
0.8
0.0
0.1

0.7
6.9
1.2
0.0
0.1

0.8
8.0
1.5
0.0
0.2

0.6
7.2
1.5
0.0
0.3

0.6
7.1
1.6
0.0
0.3

0.6
6.3
1.5
0.0
0.3

1.3

1.7

2.1

0.0
2.2

0.0
2.2

0.0
2.1

2.0
2.3
2.2
1.1
0.3

2.5
4.0
2.5
1.4
0.3

2.6
5.0
2.9
1.6
0.3

2.1
4.7
3.1
1.6
0.3

2.1
4.7
3.2
1.5
0.3

2.2
4.3
2.7
1.3
0.3

Methodology, Sources and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 5

0.0

Mtoe, unless otherwise stated


1995
Installed Capacity GW
Combustible Fuels
3.5
Nuclear
Hydro
0.5
Gross Electricity Generation TWh
17.9
by Fuel
Solid Fuels
9.0
Petroleum and Products
2.7
Gases
5.2
Nuclear
Renewables
1.0
by Type
Main Activity Electricity Only
17.6
Main Activity CHP Plants
0.0
Autoproducer Electricity Only
0.0
Autoproducer CHP Plants
0.2
Cogeneration Heat and Power
CHP Electrical Capacity GW
CHP Electricity Generation TWh
CHP inTotal Electricity Generation %
CHP Heat Production PJ
Transport Fuels ktoe
Final Consumption
2347
Petroleum Products
Motor Gasoline
1090
Gas/Diesel Oil
837
Final Consumption Biofuels
Biogasoline
Biodiesel
Main Energy Indicators
Energy Intensity toe/M'05
140
Energy per Capita kgoe/cap
3047
Final Electricity p/cap KWh/cap
4124
Primary Efficiency toe/M'05
133
Import Dependency %
69.2%
of Solid Fuels
64.9%
of Hard Coal
105.9%
of Petroleum Fuels
100.2%
of Crude and NGL
100.2%
of Natural Gas
3.6%
RES of the Gross Final Energy %
Overall RES with Aviation Cap
RES-H&C Heating and Cooling
RES-E Electricity Generation
RE-T Transport
Gases Emissions mio ton CO2
CO2 Emissions
37
GHGs Emissions
60
Main Emissions Indicators
10182
CO2 per Capita kg CO2/cap
3342
Carbon Intensity kg CO2/toe
468
CO2 GDP Intensity ton CO2/M'05

2000

2005

2009

2010

2011

4.1

5.1

5.6

6.4

6.4

0.5
24.0

0.5
26.0

0.5
28.3

0.5
28.6

0.5
27.5

8.6
4.6
9.3

8.8
3.3
11.6

6.6
0.9
16.3

6.4
0.6
17.7

6.9
0.2
14.9

1.5

2.2

4.5

3.9

5.4

23.4
0.0
0.0
0.6

25.3
0.0
0.0
0.6

26.5
0.0
0.0
1.8

26.7
0.0
0.0
2.0

25.5
0.0
0.0
2.0

0.1
0.6
2.4%
4.4

0.3
1.8
6.3%
10.9

0.3
1.9
6.7%
12.0

0.3
2.0
7.1%
11.0

4016

4991

4611

4570

4211

1569
1803

1799
2331
1

1642
2363
78
23
53

1527
2275
93
30
61

1358
2150
99
31
68

111
93
88
90
82
3734
3632
3243
3288
3026
5333
5854
5567
5577
5435
107
91
87
89
80
84.6% 89.3% 88.2% 85.6% 88.9%
64.6% 70.8% 64.0% 47.8% 68.9%
93.2% 100.8% 111.7% 79.3% 111.1%
98.8% 99.7% 99.2% 97.5% 101.7%
89.8% 98.9% 95.7% 101.6% 100.7%
72.1% 86.7% 92.5% 93.4% 93.1%
5.3%
3.9%
13.7%
1.9%

5.8%
4.0%
14.8%
2.4%

47
70

51
72

44
64

44
64

12332
3303
367

12141
3343
310

9736
3002
264

9652
2935
264

Methodology, Sources and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 5

6.7%
5.0%
17.6%
2.8%

180

PART 5 Country Profiles

PART 5 Country Profiles

EU Energy in Figures

5.8.Greece

5.8.Greece

Greece

Greece
Mtoe, unless otherwise stated
Production
Solid Fuels
of which Hard Coal
Petroleum and Products
of which Crude and NGL
Gases
of which Natural Gas
Nuclear
Renewables
Waste, Non-Renewable
Net Imports
Solid Fuels
of which Hard Coal
Petroleum and Products
of which Crude and NGL
Gases
of which Natural Gas
Renewables
Electricity
Gross Inland Consumption
Solid Fuels
of which Hard Coal
Petroleum and Products
of which Crude and NGL
Gases
of which Natural Gas
Nuclear
Renewables
Waste, Non-Renewable
Electricity
Primary Energy Intensity
Final Non-Energy Consumption
Final Energy Consumption
by Fuel/Product
Solid Fuels
Petroleum and Products
Gases
Solar
Biomass and Renewable Waste
Geothermal
Waste, Non-Renewable
Electricity
Derived heat
by Sector
Industry
Transport
Households
Services
Agriculture
Fishing
Other

181

EU Energy in Figures

1995
9.4
7.5

2000
10.0
8.2

2005
10.3
8.5

2009
10.1
8.2

2010
9.5
7.3

2011
9.6
7.5

0.5
0.5
0.1
0.0

0.3
0.3
0.0
0.0

0.1
0.1
0.0
0.0

0.1
0.1
0.0
0.0

0.1
0.1
0.0
0.0

0.1
0.1
0.0
0.0

1.3
0.0
18.3
0.9
0.9
17.3
14.9

1.4
0.1
22.1
0.8
0.8
19.7
19.6
1.7
1.7

1.6
0.0
23.5
0.4
0.4
20.5
18.0
2.3
2.3

0.1
23.9
8.4
1.0
14.0
15.0
0.1
0.0

0.0
28.3
9.0
0.7
16.1
19.7
1.7
1.7

0.3
31.4
8.9
0.3
18.1
18.9
2.4
2.4

1.8
0.0
22.6
0.2
0.2
19.0
17.0
3.0
3.0
0.1
0.4
30.7
8.4
0.2
17.0
17.4
3.0
3.0

2.0
0.0
21.8
0.4
0.4
17.5
19.5
3.2
3.2
0.2
0.5
28.8
7.9
0.4
15.1
19.6
3.2
3.2

2.0
0.0
20.0
0.2
0.2
15.4
16.1
4.0
4.0
0.2
0.3
27.9
7.9
0.2
13.5
16.7
4.0
4.0

1.3
0.0
0.1
23.4
0.5
15.7

1.4
0.1
0.0
27.5
0.7
18.6

1.6
0.0
0.3
30.6
0.8
20.8

1.9
0.0
0.4
29.8
0.9
20.5

2.2
0.0
0.5
27.7
1.1
19.0

2.2
0.0
0.3
27.0
0.9
18.8

1.0
10.7
0.0
0.1
0.9
0.0

0.9
12.6
0.3
0.1
0.9
0.0

0.5
14.3
0.6
0.1
1.0
0.0

0.2
13.7
0.8
0.2
0.9
0.0

0.3
12.1
0.8
0.2
1.0
0.0

0.2
11.6
1.1
0.2
1.2
0.0

2.9

3.7
0.0

4.4
0.0

4.7
0.0

4.6
0.0

4.5
0.1

4.0
6.4
3.3
0.9
1.0

4.4
7.2
4.5
1.3
1.1

4.2
8.1
5.5
1.9
1.1
0.0

3.5
9.2
4.8
2.1
0.9
0.0

3.5
8.2
4.6
1.9
0.8
0.0

3.3
7.7
5.4
1.9
0.3
0.0
0.3

0.0

Methodology, Sources and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 5

Mtoe, unless otherwise stated


Installed Capacity GW
Combustible Fuels
Nuclear
Hydro
Gross Electricity Generation TWh
by Fuel
Solid Fuels
Petroleum and Products
Gases
Nuclear
Renewables
by Type
Main Activity Electricity Only
Main Activity CHP Plants
Autoproducer Electricity Only
Autoproducer CHP Plants
Cogeneration Heat and Power
CHP Electrical Capacity GW
CHP Electricity Generation TWh
CHP inTotal Electricity Generation %
CHP Heat Production PJ
Transport Fuels ktoe
Final Consumption
Petroleum Products
Motor Gasoline
Gas/Diesel Oil
Final Consumption Biofuels
Biogasoline
Biodiesel
Main Energy Indicators
Energy Intensity toe/M'05
Energy per Capita kgoe/cap
Final Electricity p/cap KWh/cap
Primary Efficiency toe/M'05
Import Dependency %
of Solid Fuels
of Hard Coal
of Petroleum Fuels
of Crude and NGL
of Natural Gas
RES of the Gross Final Energy %
Overall RES with Aviation Cap
RES-H&C Heating and Cooling
RES-E Electricity Generation
RE-T Transport
Gases Emissions mio ton CO2
CO2 Emissions
GHGs Emissions
Main Emissions Indicators
CO2 per Capita kg CO2/cap
Carbon Intensity kg CO2/toe
CO2 GDP Intensity ton CO2/M'05

1995

2000

2005

2009

2010

2011

6.4

7.6

9.7

10.2

10.6

11.0

2.5
41.6

3.1
53.8

3.1
60.0

3.0
61.4

3.0
57.4

3.2
59.4

28.7
8.9
0.1

34.3
8.9
5.9

35.5
9.2
8.2

34.2
7.7
11.0

30.8
6.1
9.8

31.1
5.9
13.9

3.8

4.6

7.0

8.5

10.5

8.4

40.7
0.0
0.0
0.9

50.5
2.3
0.0
1.0

51.9
7.1
0.0
1.1

52.0
7.4
0.0
2.0

46.5
8.4
0.0
2.5

47.9
8.9
0.0
2.6

0.2
1.0
1.7%
9.7

0.5
1.8
3.0%
10.8

0.6
2.5
4.3%
12.7

0.6
2.7
4.5%
13.8

6431

7193

8056

9105

8020

7527

2863
2023

3394
2231

4086
2465

4248
3093
78

3867
2745
128

3497
2414
106

78

128

106

179
178
163
2244
2589
2827
3205
3952
4584
175
174
159
66.7% 69.5% 68.6%
11.0%
8.5%
4.1%
95.2% 105.8% 112.4%
98.4% 100.2% 97.7%
98.8% 99.5% 95.2%
99.1% 99.1%

151
149
155
2720
2551
2471
4849
4698
4584
146
143
150
67.8% 69.1% 65.3%
2.0%
5.1%
2.9%
78.6% 100.5% 102.1%
96.7% 98.5% 94.5%
98.0% 99.5% 96.5%
99.7% 99.9% 100.0%
8.6%
15.9%
10.5%
1.1%

9.7%
16.2%
11.9%
1.9%

101
125

117
142

125
148

115
136

108
129

9466
4218
753

10723
4142
739

11246
3978
647

10226
3759
566

9569
3752
558

Methodology, Sources and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 5

11.6%
20.1%
14.6%
1.8%

182

PART 5 Country Profiles

PART 5 Country Profiles

EU Energy in Figures

5.9.Spain

5.9.Spain

Spain

Spain
Mtoe, unless otherwise stated
Production
Solid Fuels
of which Hard Coal
Petroleum and Products
of which Crude and NGL
Gases
of which Natural Gas
Nuclear
Renewables
Waste, Non-Renewable
Net Imports
Solid Fuels
of which Hard Coal
Petroleum and Products
of which Crude and NGL
Gases
of which Natural Gas
Renewables
Electricity
Gross Inland Consumption
Solid Fuels
of which Hard Coal
Petroleum and Products
of which Crude and NGL
Gases
of which Natural Gas
Nuclear
Renewables
Waste, Non-Renewable
Electricity
Primary Energy Intensity
Final Non-Energy Consumption
Final Energy Consumption
by Fuel/Product
Solid Fuels
Petroleum and Products
Gases
Solar
Biomass and Renewable Waste
Geothermal
Waste, Non-Renewable
Electricity
Derived heat
by Sector
Industry
Transport
Households
Services
Agriculture
Fishing
Other

183

EU Energy in Figures

1995
31.4
10.2
8.3
0.8
0.8
0.4
0.4
14.3
5.5
0.2
75.5
8.6
8.1
59.0
55.4
7.5
7.5

2000
31.5
8.0
6.5
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.1
16.0
6.8
0.2
99.5
12.8
13.3
70.9
57.9
15.5
15.5

2005
30.1
6.3
5.1
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.1
14.8
8.4
0.2
124.0
14.4
14.7
79.4
60.1
30.2
30.2
-0.1
144.4
20.6
19.8
70.6
60.1
29.9
29.8
14.8
8.4
0.2
-0.1
136.0
8.3
97.5

2009
30.1
3.6
3.6
0.3
0.1
0.1
0.0
13.6
12.3
0.3
110.2
9.0
9.0
70.8
52.8
30.9
30.9
0.2
-0.7
130.4
10.5
10.6
63.0
53.1
31.3
31.2
13.6
12.4
0.3
-0.7
123.3
7.2
87.7

2010
34.1
3.0
3.0
0.4
0.1
0.1
0.0
16.0
14.5
0.2
106.3
6.7
6.8
68.9
52.9
30.9
30.9
0.4
-0.7
130.0
7.8
8.0
60.6
53.2
31.2
31.1
16.0
14.9
0.2
-0.7
122.9
7.0
89.1

2011
31.9
2.6
2.6
0.4
0.1
0.0
0.0
14.9
13.8
0.2
104.8
8.7
8.9
66.3
52.6
29.4
29.4
0.9
-0.5
128.5
12.5
12.6
57.9
52.8
29.0
29.0
14.9
14.6
0.2
-0.5
121.8
6.8
86.5

0.4
102.2
19.0
16.7
55.0
55.9
7.8
7.7
14.3
5.5
0.2
0.4
94.3
7.9
63.7

0.4
123.8
20.9
19.8
64.2
57.5
15.3
15.2
16.0
6.8
0.2
0.4
114.5
9.4
79.5

2.2
39.2
6.8
0.0
3.2
0.0
0.1
12.1

1.8
46.0
12.1
0.0
3.4
0.0

1.7
53.2
18.0
0.1
3.7
0.0

1.2
47.6
13.3
0.2
4.8
0.0

1.3
46.8
14.6
0.2
5.2
0.0

1.6
44.0
14.4
0.2
5.6
0.0

16.2

20.8

20.6

21.0

20.6

20.5
26.2
10.0
4.3
2.2

25.4
32.9
12.0
6.7
2.6

31.0
39.7
15.1
8.4
3.1

0.5

0.0

0.2

21.2
37.9
15.9
9.4
2.3
0.0
1.0

21.4
37.2
16.9
9.8
2.2
0.0
1.5

21.2
36.0
16.2
9.5
2.1
0.0
1.5

Methodology, Sources and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 5

Mtoe, unless otherwise stated


1995
2000
2005
Installed Capacity GW
Combustible Fuels
21.9
26.2
40.8
Nuclear
7.1
7.5
7.6
Hydro
16.8
18.0
18.2
Gross Electricity Generation TWh 167.1
224.5
294.1
by Fuel
Solid Fuels
65.9
79.1
79.1
Petroleum and Products
14.6
22.6
24.4
Gases
4.9
21.9
80.7
Nuclear
55.5
62.2
57.5
Renewables
25.9
38.0
46.9
by Type
Main Activity Electricity Only
156.3
196.0
253.9
Main Activity CHP Plants
0.0
0.0
0.0
Autoproducer Electricity Only
1.6
2.3
1.5
Autoproducer CHP Plants
9.2
26.1
38.7
Cogeneration Heat and Power
CHP Electrical Capacity GW
3.1
CHP Electricity Generation TWh
22.9
CHP inTotal Electricity Generation %
7.8%
CHP Heat Production PJ
192.5
Transport Fuels ktoe
Final Consumption
25824 32486 38982
Petroleum Products
Motor Gasoline
8969
8958
7703
Gas/Diesel Oil
13279 18736 25815
Final Consumption Biofuels
72
258
Biogasoline
113
Biodiesel
72
145
Main Energy Indicators
Energy Intensity toe/M'05
161
160
159
Energy per Capita kgoe/cap
2593
3076
3327
Final Electricity p/cap KWh/cap
3578
4681
5581
Primary Efficiency toe/M'05
149
148
150
Import Dependency %
71.7% 76.7% 81.4%
of Solid Fuels
45.4% 61.3% 70.1%
of Hard Coal
48.5% 66.8% 74.4%
of Petroleum Fuels
101.5% 101.0% 101.2%
of Crude and NGL
99.1% 100.6% 100.1%
of Natural Gas
97.4% 101.6% 101.4%
RES of the Gross Final Energy %
Overall RES with Aviation Cap
RES-H&C Heating and Cooling
RES-E Electricity Generation
RE-T Transport
Gases Emissions mio ton CO2
CO2 Emissions
271
336
404
GHGs Emissions
332
410
473
Main Emissions Indicators
6881
8344
9310
CO2 per Capita kg CO2/cap
2653
2713
2798
Carbon Intensity kg CO2/toe
428
434
444
CO2 GDP Intensity ton CO2/M'05
Methodology, Sources and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 5

2009

2010

2011

47.8
7.4
18.5
294.6

50.5
7.5
18.5
301.5

49.8
7.5
18.5
291.8

35.9
19.2
108.8
52.8
76.8

25.3
16.6
95.8
62.0
101.0

43.8
15.2
85.7
57.7
88.5

256.5
0.0
6.3
31.9

262.8
0.0
9.6
29.2

250.8
0.0
10.5
30.4

3.7
22.0
7.5%
172.7

3.4
22.4
7.4%
153.3

3.0
22.1
7.6%
159.0

36439

35436

33955

6156
24807
1073
151
921

5730
24164
1436
230
1206

5338
22701
1721
225
1496

137
2840
5221
130
79.2%
85.5%
85.0%
98.9%
99.3%
98.9%

137
135
2821
2787
5313
5202
130
128
76.8% 76.4%
86.0% 70.2%
85.9% 70.3%
99.9% 99.8%
99.3% 99.7%
99.4% 101.4%

12.8%
12.8%
27.8%
3.5%

13.8%
12.7%
29.5%
4.7%

337
407

324
396

7347
2587
355

7036
2494
342

15.1%
13.5%
31.5%
5.9%

184

PART 5 Country Profiles

PART 5 Country Profiles

EU Energy in Figures

5.10.France

5.10.France

France

France
Mtoe, unless otherwise stated
Production
Solid Fuels
of which Hard Coal
Petroleum and Products
of which Crude and NGL
Gases
of which Natural Gas
Nuclear
Renewables
Waste, Non-Renewable
Net Imports
Solid Fuels
of which Hard Coal
Petroleum and Products
of which Crude and NGL
Gases
of which Natural Gas
Renewables
Electricity
Gross Inland Consumption
Solid Fuels
of which Hard Coal
Petroleum and Products
of which Crude and NGL
Gases
of which Natural Gas
Nuclear
Renewables
Waste, Non-Renewable
Electricity
Primary Energy Intensity
Final Non-Energy Consumption
Final Energy Consumption
by Fuel/Product
Solid Fuels
Petroleum and Products
Gases
Solar
Biomass and Renewable Waste
Geothermal
Waste, Non-Renewable
Electricity
Derived heat
by Sector
Industry
Transport
Households
Services
Agriculture
Fishing
Other

185

EU Energy in Figures

1995
127.0
6.0
5.4
3.1
3.0
2.8
2.8
97.3
17.0
0.7
116.9
9.1
8.7
86.3
78.5
27.5
27.5
-6.0
241.6
16.1
14.9
86.9
82.0
29.6
29.6
97.3
17.0
0.7
-6.0
223.8
17.8
144.3

2000
129.8
2.5
2.4
2.0
1.7
1.5
1.5
107.1
15.8
0.9
134.4
13.0
12.4
91.6
87.2
35.8
35.8
0.0
-6.0
258.0
15.0
14.2
89.3
88.5
35.8
35.8
107.1
15.8
0.9
-6.0
239.7
18.3
154.8

2005
135.9
0.4
0.4
1.5
1.2
0.9
0.9
116.5
15.5
1.1
144.4
13.5
12.8
95.4
85.6
40.7
40.7
-0.1
-5.2
276.6
14.3
13.8
93.4
87.2
41.0
41.0
116.5
15.4
1.1
-5.2
260.3
16.4
162.4

2009
128.2
0.1
0.1
1.6
1.0
0.8
0.8
105.7
18.9
1.1
133.8
10.3
9.9
86.8
73.0
38.8
38.8
0.1
-2.2
259.9
11.2
10.5
86.6
74.4
38.5
38.5
105.7
19.0
1.1
-2.2
246.3
13.6
153.2

2010
134.7
0.2
0.2
1.6
0.9
0.6
0.6
110.5
20.6
1.2
132.5
12.2
11.3
83.3
65.5
39.6
39.6
0.2
-2.6
267.5
12.1
11.2
83.0
66.7
42.5
42.5
110.5
20.8
1.2
-2.6
254.0
13.5
158.7

2011
135.4
0.1
0.1
1.5
0.9
0.5
0.5
114.1
17.9
1.2
127.9
10.2
9.3
83.9
65.2
38.3
38.3
0.4
-4.9
259.3
10.3
9.4
83.2
66.6
37.0
37.0
114.1
18.3
1.2
-4.9
245.4
13.9
148.1

6.5
70.7
27.3
0.0
9.7
0.1
0.1
29.5
0.6

5.8
72.7
30.9
0.0
8.8
0.1
0.2
33.1
3.2

5.2
73.3
33.7
0.0
9.2
0.1
0.2
36.4
4.2

3.9
67.8
30.6
0.1
11.7
0.1
0.3
35.9
3.0

4.5
66.8
32.4
0.1
12.6
0.1
0.2
38.2
3.7

4.3
65.3
27.0
0.1
11.4
0.1
0.3
36.1
3.7

37.6
45.4
35.7
20.5
3.6
0.4
1.0

37.3
50.2
45.3
13.6
3.8
0.4
4.1

35.6
50.2
43.8
20.6
3.8
0.4
7.9

29.0
49.8
42.7
22.3
3.8
0.3
5.4

31.0
50.1
43.5
23.3
4.1
0.3
6.4

30.4
50.1
36.9
20.9
4.0
0.3
5.5

Methodology, Sources and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 5

Mtoe, unless otherwise stated


Installed Capacity GW
Combustible Fuels
Nuclear
Hydro
Gross Electricity Generation TWh
by Fuel
Solid Fuels
Petroleum and Products
Gases
Nuclear
Renewables
by Type
Main Activity Electricity Only
Main Activity CHP Plants
Autoproducer Electricity Only
Autoproducer CHP Plants
Cogeneration Heat and Power
CHP Electrical Capacity GW
CHP Electricity Generation TWh
CHP inTotal Electricity Generation %
CHP Heat Production PJ
Transport Fuels ktoe
Final Consumption
Petroleum Products
Motor Gasoline
Gas/Diesel Oil
Final Consumption Biofuels
Biogasoline
Biodiesel
Main Energy Indicators
Energy Intensity toe/M'05
Energy per Capita kgoe/cap
Final Electricity p/cap KWh/cap
Primary Efficiency toe/M'05
Import Dependency %
of Solid Fuels
of Hard Coal
of Petroleum Fuels
of Crude and NGL
of Natural Gas
RES of the Gross Final Energy %
Overall RES with Aviation Cap
RES-H&C Heating and Cooling
RES-E Electricity Generation
RE-T Transport
Gases Emissions mio ton CO2
CO2 Emissions
GHGs Emissions
Main Emissions Indicators
CO2 per Capita kg CO2/cap
Carbon Intensity kg CO2/toe
CO2 GDP Intensity ton CO2/M'05

1995

2000

2005

2009

2010

2011

23.9
58.5
25.0
494.1

26.1
63.2
25.1
540.7

26.4
63.3
25.1
576.2

25.6
63.1
25.2
535.9

28.8
63.1
25.3
569.1

31.9
63.1
25.3
562.0

24.2
7.7
6.2
377.2
78.3

27.0
7.2
15.4
415.2
75.0

27.5
7.9
26.3
451.5
61.3

21.7
4.8
22.9
409.7
74.9

23.4
5.8
26.7
428.5
83.2

15.1
3.5
29.0
442.4
69.9

468.8
0.0
23.2
2.1

519.4
5.5
5.7
10.2

543.0
11.4
8.4
13.4

513.8
8.5
7.8
5.8

543.7
12.6
7.6
5.8

534.9
11.6
8.4
7.1

6.6
23.2
4.0%
209.2

5.7
23.4
4.3%
197.4

4.6
15.7
2.8%
173.9

4.6
15.7
2.8%
173.9

44417

48864

48667

46155

46315

46467

16392
23209
154
24
130

14398
28017
325
58
266

11281
30827
400
70
329

8614
31116
2466
405
2062

7969
31829
2420
399
2022

7531
32066
2437
396
2041

174
163
4069
4248
5773
6338
161
151
48.0% 51.6%
56.8% 86.4%
58.0% 87.3%
96.9% 99.5%
95.8% 98.5%
93.0% 100.0%

161
149
151
144
4394
4030
4126
3979
6715
6482
6851
6440
151
141
143
136
51.7% 51.0% 49.1% 48.9%
94.5% 91.7% 101.0% 99.0%
92.9% 94.0% 100.6% 98.8%
99.4% 97.6% 97.7% 98.0%
98.2% 98.2% 98.2% 97.9%
99.3% 100.9% 93.0% 103.3%
12.9%
15.4%
15.0%
6.1%

13.5%
16.9%
14.9%
6.1%

411
573

435
589

447
592

399
539

406
546

6915
1699
296

7155
1684
274

7098
1615
260

6181
1534
229

6268
1519
229

Methodology, Sources and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 5

11.5%
16.7%
16.5%
0.5%

186

PART 5 Country Profiles

PART 5 Country Profiles

EU Energy in Figures

5.11.Italy

5.11.Italy

Italy

Italy
Mtoe, unless otherwise stated
Production
Solid Fuels
of which Hard Coal
Petroleum and Products
of which Crude and NGL
Gases
of which Natural Gas
Nuclear
Renewables
Waste, Non-Renewable
Net Imports
Solid Fuels
of which Hard Coal
Petroleum and Products
of which Crude and NGL
Gases
of which Natural Gas
Renewables
Electricity
Gross Inland Consumption
Solid Fuels
of which Hard Coal
Petroleum and Products
of which Crude and NGL
Gases
of which Natural Gas
Nuclear
Renewables
Waste, Non-Renewable
Electricity
Primary Energy Intensity
Final Non-Energy Consumption
Final Energy Consumption
by Fuel/Product
Solid Fuels
Petroleum and Products
Gases
Solar
Biomass and Renewable Waste
Geothermal
Waste, Non-Renewable
Electricity
Derived heat
by Sector
Industry
Transport
Households
Services
Agriculture
Fishing
Other

187

EU Energy in Figures

1995
29.8
0.0

2000
28.3
0.0
4.8
4.6
13.6
13.6

2005
28.1
0.1
0.1
6.5
6.2
9.9
9.9

2009
27.9
0.0
0.0
5.8
4.6
6.6
6.6

2010
30.9
0.1
0.1
6.7
5.2
6.9
6.9

2011
32.5
0.1
0.1
6.6
5.4
6.9
6.9

5.5
5.3
16.6
16.3
7.5
0.2
135.6
13.0
12.6
90.6
74.6
28.5
28.5
0.2
3.2
162.9
12.3
11.9
94.7
80.4
44.9
44.7

9.6
0.3
153.6
13.1
12.9
89.1
84.7
47.0
47.0
0.5
3.8
175.8
12.6
12.2
91.1
89.0
57.9
57.9

11.0
0.7
161.0
16.4
15.9
79.9
89.8
59.8
59.8
0.7
4.2
188.5
16.5
16.0
84.9
95.5
70.7
70.7

14.7
0.7
142.6
12.4
12.6
68.4
77.2
56.6
56.6
1.3
3.9
170.0
12.8
12.9
72.7
81.6
63.9
63.9

16.3
0.9
149.6
14.3
14.5
68.1
79.4
61.6
61.6
1.8
3.8
175.5
14.2
14.3
70.5
84.1
68.1
68.1

17.9
1.1
142.6
15.3
15.5
63.8
73.1
57.5
57.5
2.1
3.9
172.9
15.9
16.1
68.2
79.6
63.8
63.8

7.7
0.2
3.2
153.2
9.7
114.6

10.1
0.3
3.8
167.4
8.4
124.7

11.6
0.7
4.2
179.9
8.6
134.6

16.0
0.7
3.9
161.5
8.5
121.1

18.0
0.9
3.8
166.0
9.6
124.8

19.9
1.1
3.9
161.9
11.0
122.3

3.9
54.1
34.7
0.0
1.1
0.2
0.1
20.5

3.6
57.8
38.0
0.0
1.5
0.2
0.1
23.5

4.0
59.0
40.6
0.0
1.7
0.2
0.1
25.9
3.1

1.8
51.1
36.1
0.1
3.8
0.2
24.9
3.1

2.9
48.9
38.5
0.1
5.0
0.1
0.1
25.7
3.3

3.4
48.5
35.5
0.1
5.2
0.1
0.2
26.0
3.2

36.0
38.6
26.3
9.8
3.0
0.2
0.6

39.7
42.5
27.6
11.5
2.9
0.3
0.2

39.9
44.9
31.4
15.1
3.0
0.3
0.2

29.8
42.3
28.9
16.9
2.8
0.3
0.1

31.1
42.0
31.7
17.0
2.7
0.2
0.2

30.1
42.0
31.3
15.7
2.7
0.2
0.1

Methodology, Sources and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 5

Mtoe, unless otherwise stated


1995
2000
Installed Capacity GW
Combustible Fuels
45.5
54.0
Nuclear
Hydro
19.8
20.3
Gross Electricity Generation TWh 241.5
276.6
by Fuel
Solid Fuels
24.1
26.3
Petroleum and Products
120.8
85.9
Gases
50.4
105.6
Nuclear
Renewables
45.6
57.6
by Type
Main Activity Electricity Only
200.1
216.5
Main Activity CHP Plants
1.2
60.1
Autoproducer Electricity Only
12.2
0.0
Autoproducer CHP Plants
28.0
0.0
Cogeneration Heat and Power
CHP Electrical Capacity GW
CHP Electricity Generation TWh
CHP inTotal Electricity Generation %
CHP Heat Production PJ
Transport Fuels ktoe
Final Consumption
37665 41461
Petroleum Products
Motor Gasoline
18279 17556
Gas/Diesel Oil
15238 18415
Final Consumption Biofuels
Biogasoline
Biodiesel
Main Energy Indicators
Energy Intensity toe/M'05
131
129
Energy per Capita kgoe/cap
2867
3087
Final Electricity p/cap KWh/cap
4192
4794
Primary Efficiency toe/M'05
123
122
Import Dependency %
82.0% 86.5%
of Solid Fuels
105.9% 104.6%
of Hard Coal
105.6% 105.7%
of Petroleum Fuels
93.3% 96.0%
of Crude and NGL
92.8% 95.1%
of Natural Gas
63.9% 81.1%
RES of the Gross Final Energy %
Overall RES with Aviation Cap
RES-H&C Heating and Cooling
RES-E Electricity Generation
RE-T Transport
Gases Emissions mio ton CO2
CO2 Emissions
455
475
GHGs Emissions
542
564
Main Emissions Indicators
8002
8336
CO2 per Capita kg CO2/cap
2791
2700
Carbon Intensity kg CO2/toe
365
347
CO2 GDP Intensity ton CO2/M'05
Methodology, Sources and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 5

2005

2009

2010

2011

61.9

73.0

74.7

76.0

21.0
303.7

21.4
292.6

21.5
302.1

21.7
302.6

43.6
47.1
155.1

39.7
25.9
150.9

39.7
21.7
157.4

44.7
19.9
150.0

55.3

73.6

80.3

84.9

206.9
77.0
2.4
17.4

190.2
82.2
2.0
18.2

188.5
89.7
2.1
21.7

199.3
79.7
1.8
21.8

5.9
27.4
9.0%
193.1

7.7
29.9
10.2%
180.8

7.4
34.7
11.5%
202.5

7.3
34.7
11.5%
202.5

43454

39621

38878

38817

14175
23821
176

10953
23155
1180
117
1063

10270
22885
1466
155
1311

9904
23095
1445
144
1301

122
124
2824
2902
4818
4949
116
117
82.8% 83.8%
97.4% 100.9%
97.5% 101.5%
91.2% 92.7%
94.6% 94.5%
88.6% 90.5%

121
2848
4971
114
81.3%
96.1%
96.0%
90.2%
91.8%
90.2%

9.1%
8.2%
18.8%
3.8%

10.4%
9.5%
20.1%
4.8%

11.5%
11.0%
23.5%
4.7%

504
591

432
508

443
518

8603
2674
351

7171
2540
310

7317
2521
312

176
131
3217
5134
125
84.4%
99.4%
99.7%
91.7%
94.0%
84.7%

188

PART 5 Country Profiles

PART 5 Country Profiles

EU Energy in Figures

5.12.Cyprus

5.12.Cyprus

Cyprus

Cyprus
Mtoe, unless otherwise stated
Production
Solid Fuels
of which Hard Coal
Petroleum and Products
of which Crude and NGL
Gases
of which Natural Gas
Nuclear
Renewables
Waste, Non-Renewable
Net Imports
Solid Fuels
of which Hard Coal
Petroleum and Products
of which Crude and NGL
Gases
of which Natural Gas
Renewables
Electricity
Gross Inland Consumption
Solid Fuels
of which Hard Coal
Petroleum and Products
of which Crude and NGL
Gases
of which Natural Gas
Nuclear
Renewables
Waste, Non-Renewable
Electricity
Primary Energy Intensity
Final Non-Energy Consumption
Final Energy Consumption
by Fuel/Product
Solid Fuels
Petroleum and Products
Gases
Solar
Biomass and Renewable Waste
Geothermal
Waste, Non-Renewable
Electricity
Derived heat
by Sector
Industry
Transport
Households
Services
Agriculture
Fishing
Other

189

EU Energy in Figures

1995
0.0

2000
0.0

2005
0.1

2009
0.1

0.0

0.0

0.0

2.0
0.0
0.0
2.0
0.8

2.5
0.0
0.0
2.5
1.2

0.0

2010
0.1

0.0

2011
0.1

0.0

0.0
0.0
2.8
0.0
0.0
2.8

0.1
0.0
2.9
0.0
0.0
2.9

0.1
0.0
2.9
0.0
0.0
2.9

0.1
0.0
2.6
0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

1.9
0.0
0.0
1.9
0.8

2.4
0.0
0.0
2.3
1.2

2.5
0.0
0.0
2.4

2.8
0.0
0.0
2.7

2.7
0.0
0.0
2.6

2.7
0.0
0.0
2.5

0.0

0.0

0.1
0.0

0.1
0.0

0.1
0.0

0.1
0.0

1.9
0.1
1.4

2.3
0.1
1.6

2.4
0.1
1.8

2.7
0.1
1.9

2.6
0.1
1.9

2.6
0.1
1.9

0.0
1.2

0.0
1.3

0.0
1.4

0.0
1.4

0.0
1.4

0.0
1.4

0.0
0.0

0.0
0.0

0.0
0.0

0.2

0.3

0.0
0.3

0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.4
0.0

0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.4
0.0

0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.4
0.0

0.4
0.8
0.1
0.1
0.0

0.4
0.8
0.2
0.1
0.0

0.1

0.1

0.3
1.0
0.3
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.1

0.2
1.0
0.3
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.1

0.2
1.0
0.3
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.1

Methodology, Sources and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 5

0.3
1.0
0.3
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.0

2.6

Mtoe, unless otherwise stated


Installed Capacity GW
Combustible Fuels
Nuclear
Hydro
Gross Electricity Generation TWh
by Fuel
Solid Fuels
Petroleum and Products
Gases
Nuclear
Renewables
by Type
Main Activity Electricity Only
Main Activity CHP Plants
Autoproducer Electricity Only
Autoproducer CHP Plants
Cogeneration Heat and Power
CHP Electrical Capacity GW
CHP Electricity Generation TWh
CHP inTotal Electricity Generation %
CHP Heat Production PJ
Transport Fuels ktoe
Final Consumption
Petroleum Products
Motor Gasoline
Gas/Diesel Oil
Final Consumption Biofuels
Biogasoline
Biodiesel
Main Energy Indicators
Energy Intensity toe/M'05
Energy per Capita kgoe/cap
Final Electricity p/cap KWh/cap
Primary Efficiency toe/M'05
Import Dependency %
of Solid Fuels
of Hard Coal
of Petroleum Fuels
of Crude and NGL
of Natural Gas
RES of the Gross Final Energy %
Overall RES with Aviation Cap
RES-H&C Heating and Cooling
RES-E Electricity Generation
RE-T Transport
Gases Emissions mio ton CO2
CO2 Emissions
GHGs Emissions
Main Emissions Indicators
CO2 per Capita kg CO2/cap
Carbon Intensity kg CO2/toe
CO2 GDP Intensity ton CO2/M'05

1995

2000

2005

2009

2010

2011

1.0

1.1

1.4

1.5

1.6

2.5

3.4

4.4

5.2

5.3

4.9

2.5

3.4

4.4

5.2

5.2

4.8

0.0

0.0

0.1

0.2

4.3
0.0
0.0
0.0

5.1
0.0
0.0
0.1

5.2
0.0
0.0
0.1

4.9
0.0
0.0
0.1

0.0
0.0
0.3%
0.1

0.0
0.0
0.4%
0.1

0.0
0.1
1.0%
0.1

0.0
0.0
0.9%
0.2

2.5
0.0
0.0
0.0

3.4
0.0
0.0
0.0

749

848

969

1004

1024

1027

192
290

216
356

318
352

403
329
15

410
337
15

405
321
16

15

15

16

202
206
185
185
177
2995
3448
3409
3464
3269
3416
4317
5362
5880
5886
196
199
180
180
171
100.4% 98.6% 100.7% 96.3% 100.7%
100.0% 102.0% 121.1% 123.6% 65.6%
100.0% 102.0% 121.2% 123.8% 65.4%
102.6% 100.3% 102.3% 98.9% 104.2%
96.3% 98.5%

173
3140
5548
169
92.4%
1.7%

5.3%
14.6%
0.6%
2.0%

5.7%
16.3%
1.4%
2.0%

7
11

9
12

10
13

10
13

9
12

10944
3654
739

12380
3590
740

13110
3845
712

12225
3529
653

11443
3501
619

Methodology, Sources and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 5

95.8%

5.4%
18.1%
3.4%
0.0%

190

PART 5 Country Profiles

PART 5 Country Profiles

EU Energy in Figures

5.13.Latvia

5.13.Latvia

Latvia

Latvia
Mtoe, unless otherwise stated
Production
Solid Fuels
of which Hard Coal
Petroleum and Products
of which Crude and NGL
Gases
of which Natural Gas
Nuclear
Renewables
Waste, Non-Renewable
Net Imports
Solid Fuels
of which Hard Coal
Petroleum and Products
of which Crude and NGL
Gases
of which Natural Gas
Renewables
Electricity
Gross Inland Consumption
Solid Fuels
of which Hard Coal
Petroleum and Products
of which Crude and NGL
Gases
of which Natural Gas
Nuclear
Renewables
Waste, Non-Renewable
Electricity
Primary Energy Intensity
Final Non-Energy Consumption
Final Energy Consumption
by Fuel/Product
Solid Fuels
Petroleum and Products
Gases
Solar
Biomass and Renewable Waste
Geothermal
Waste, Non-Renewable
Electricity
Derived heat
by Sector
Industry
Transport
Households
Services
Agriculture
Fishing
Other

191

EU Energy in Figures

1995
1.4
0.1

2000
1.4
0.0

2005
1.9
0.0

2009
2.1
0.0

2010
2.1
0.0

2011
2.1
0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

2.1
0.0
2.7
0.1
0.1
1.6

2.1
0.0
2.0
0.1
0.1
1.4

2.1
0.0
2.6
0.1
0.1
1.5

1.4

1.4

3.4
0.2
0.2
2.1

2.2
0.1
0.1
1.1

1.9
0.0
3.0
0.1
0.1
1.7

1.0
1.0
-0.1
0.2
4.6
0.3
0.2
1.9

1.1
1.1
-0.2
0.2
3.7
0.1
0.1
1.2

1.4
1.4
-0.4
0.2
4.5
0.1
0.1
1.4

1.4
1.4
-0.5
0.1
4.3
0.1
0.1
1.3

0.9
0.9
-0.6
0.1
4.5
0.1
0.1
1.3

1.4
1.4
-0.6
0.1
4.2
0.1
0.1
1.2

1.0
1.0

1.1
1.1

1.4
1.4

1.2
1.2

1.5
1.5

1.3
1.3

1.3

1.2

0.2
4.6
0.0
3.8

0.2
3.7
0.1
3.3

1.5
0.0
0.2
4.4
0.1
4.0

1.6
0.0
0.1
4.3
0.1
4.0

1.6
0.0
0.1
4.5
0.1
4.3

1.4
0.0
0.1
4.1
0.1
4.0

0.1
1.2
0.4

0.1
1.1
0.3

0.1
1.3
0.5

0.1
1.4
0.4

0.1
1.5
0.5

0.1
1.4
0.4

0.9

0.8

1.0

1.1

1.1

1.0

0.4
0.9

0.4
0.6

0.0
0.5
0.6

0.0
0.5
0.5

0.0
0.5
0.6

0.0
0.5
0.5

0.7
0.7
1.6
0.6
0.1
0.0
0.0

0.6
0.7
1.3
0.5
0.1
0.0

0.7
1.1
1.5
0.6
0.1
0.0
0.0

0.7
1.1
1.5
0.6
0.1
0.0
0.0

0.8
1.2
1.5
0.6
0.1
0.0
0.0

0.7
1.2
1.3
0.6
0.1
0.0
0.0

Methodology, Sources and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 5

Mtoe, unless otherwise stated


1995
2000
2005
2009
2010
2011
Installed Capacity GW
Combustible Fuels
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.9
1.0
1.0
Nuclear
Hydro
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.6
1.6
Gross Electricity Generation TWh
4.0
4.1
4.9
5.6
6.6
6.1
by Fuel
Solid Fuels
0.1
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
Petroleum and Products
0.4
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Gases
0.5
1.1
1.5
2.0
3.0
3.0
Nuclear
Renewables
2.9
2.8
3.4
3.6
3.6
3.1
by Type
Main Activity Electricity Only
2.9
2.8
3.4
3.5
3.6
3.0
Main Activity CHP Plants
1.0
1.3
1.5
2.0
3.0
3.1
Autoproducer Electricity Only
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Autoproducer CHP Plants
0.1
0.0
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
Cogeneration Heat and Power
CHP Electrical Capacity GW
0.6
0.3
0.9
0.9
CHP Electricity Generation TWh
1.5
1.1
3.0
2.9
CHP inTotal Electricity Generation %
30.7% 19.7% 45.0% 47.4%
CHP Heat Production PJ
11.9
4.9
10.4
9.3
Transport Fuels ktoe
Final Consumption
700
735
1052
1130
1173
1138
Petroleum Products
Motor Gasoline
430
347
352
326
300
261
Gas/Diesel Oil
242
341
615
681
732
730
Final Consumption Biofuels
3
4
27
41
Biogasoline
3
8
8
Biodiesel
3
2
19
34
Main Energy Indicators
Energy Intensity toe/M'05
694
430
347
345
366
324
Energy per Capita kgoe/cap
1861
1580
2003
2021
2164
2063
Final Electricity p/cap KWh/cap
1797
1891
2559
2849
2963
3009
Primary Efficiency toe/M'05
688
421
339
339
360
317
Import Dependency %
70.4% 59.7% 63.0% 58.8% 41.6% 59.0%
of Solid Fuels
61.4% 46.1% 94.3% 91.3% 102.8% 100.3%
of Hard Coal
92.9% 82.5% 96.7% 93.8% 106.6% 102.1%
of Petroleum Fuels
102.6% 94.3% 102.4% 99.4% 93.6% 103.2%
of Crude and NGL
of Natural Gas
99.0% 101.9% 105.6% 114.1% 61.8% 109.4%
RES of the Gross Final Energy %
Overall RES with Aviation Cap
34.3% 32.6% 33.1%
RES-H&C Heating and Cooling
47.9% 43.8% 44.7%
RES-E Electricity Generation
42.0% 42.0% 44.7%
RE-T Transport
1.2%
3.3%
4.8%
Gases Emissions mio ton CO2
CO2 Emissions
10
7
9
9
10
GHGs Emissions
13
10
12
12
13
Main Emissions Indicators
3860
3030
3923
4001
4595
CO2 per Capita kg CO2/cap
2074
1917
1959
1980
2123
Carbon Intensity kg CO2/toe
1440
824
679
684
776
CO2 GDP Intensity ton CO2/M'05
Methodology, Sources and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 5

192

PART 5 Country Profiles

PART 5 Country Profiles

EU Energy in Figures

5.14.Lithuania

5.14.Lithuania

Lithuania

Lithuania
Mtoe, unless otherwise stated
Production
Solid Fuels
of which Hard Coal
Petroleum and Products
of which Crude and NGL
Gases
of which Natural Gas
Nuclear
Renewables
Waste, Non-Renewable
Net Imports
Solid Fuels
of which Hard Coal
Petroleum and Products
of which Crude and NGL
Gases
of which Natural Gas
Renewables
Electricity
Gross Inland Consumption
Solid Fuels
of which Hard Coal
Petroleum and Products
of which Crude and NGL
Gases
of which Natural Gas
Nuclear
Renewables
Waste, Non-Renewable
Electricity
Primary Energy Intensity
Final Non-Energy Consumption
Final Energy Consumption
by Fuel/Product
Solid Fuels
Petroleum and Products
Gases
Solar
Biomass and Renewable Waste
Geothermal
Waste, Non-Renewable
Electricity
Derived heat
by Sector
Industry
Transport
Households
Services
Agriculture
Fishing
Other

193

EU Energy in Figures

1995
3.8
0.0

2000
3.3
0.0

2005
3.9
0.0

2009
4.2
0.0

2010
1.3
0.0

2011
1.3
0.0

0.1
0.1

0.3
0.3

0.2
0.2

0.1
0.1

0.1
0.1

0.1
0.1

3.1
0.5

2.2
0.7

2.7
0.9

2.8
1.2

1.2

1.2

5.6
0.2
0.2
3.7
3.2
2.0
2.0
0.0
-0.2
8.7
0.2
0.2
3.1
3.2
2.0
2.0
3.1
0.5

4.3
0.1
0.1
2.3
4.6
2.1
2.1
0.0
-0.1
7.2
0.1
0.1
2.2
4.9
2.1
2.1
2.2
0.7

5.1
0.2
0.2
2.7
9.0
2.5
2.5
0.0
-0.3
8.8
0.2
0.2
2.8
9.4
2.5
2.5
2.7
0.9

4.4
0.1
0.1
2.4
8.4
2.2
2.2
-0.1
-0.3
8.5
0.2
0.1
2.5
8.6
2.2
2.2
2.8
1.1

5.8
0.2
0.2
2.7
9.1
2.5
2.5
-0.1
0.5
6.9
0.2
0.2
2.6
9.1
2.5
2.5

5.9
0.3
0.2
2.4
9.0
2.7
2.7
-0.1
0.6
7.1
0.2
0.2
2.5
9.2
2.7
2.7

1.1

1.1

-0.2
8.2
0.5
4.6

-0.1
6.5
0.7
3.8

-0.3
8.0
0.8
4.6

-0.3
7.8
0.7
4.6

0.5
6.2
0.7
4.8

0.6
5.8
1.2
4.7

0.2
1.7
0.5

0.1
1.4
0.4

0.2
1.6
0.5

0.2
1.6
0.5

0.2
1.6
0.6

0.2
1.6
0.5

0.4

0.6

0.7

0.7

0.7

0.7

0.5
1.2

0.5
0.8

0.7
0.9

0.7
0.9

0.7
0.9

0.7
0.9

1.0
1.0
1.6
0.7
0.2

0.8
1.1
1.4
0.5
0.1

1.0
1.4
1.5
0.6
0.1
0.0
0.0

0.8
1.5
1.6
0.6
0.1
0.0
0.0

0.9
1.5
1.6
0.6
0.1
0.0
0.0

0.9
1.5
1.5
0.6
0.1
0.0
0.0

Methodology, Sources and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 5

Mtoe, unless otherwise stated


1995
2000
2005
2009
Installed Capacity GW
Combustible Fuels
2.5
2.5
2.5
2.5
Nuclear
2.7
2.4
1.2
1.2
Hydro
0.7
0.9
0.9
0.9
Gross Electricity Generation TWh
13.9
11.4
14.8
15.4
by Fuel
Solid Fuels
Petroleum and Products
1.1
0.7
0.4
0.7
Gases
0.2
1.6
3.0
2.1
Nuclear
11.8
8.4
10.3
10.9
Renewables
0.8
0.6
0.8
1.4
by Type
Main Activity Electricity Only
0.8
0.6
0.8
1.3
Main Activity CHP Plants
13.1
10.7
13.6
13.4
Autoproducer Electricity Only
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Autoproducer CHP Plants
0.1
0.1
0.4
0.6
Cogeneration Heat and Power
CHP Electrical Capacity GW
1.0
1.1
CHP Electricity Generation TWh
2.3
2.1
CHP inTotal Electricity Generation %
15.5% 13.9%
CHP Heat Production PJ
19.9
16.5
Transport Fuels ktoe
Final Consumption
1032
1048
1403
1418
Petroleum Products
Motor Gasoline
619
391
351
369
Gas/Diesel Oil
347
511
776
829
Final Consumption Biofuels
3
52
Biogasoline
1
14
Biodiesel
3
38
Main Energy Indicators
Energy Intensity toe/M'05
760
496
418
392
Energy per Capita kgoe/cap
2402
2044
2647
2704
Final Electricity p/cap KWh/cap
1751
1771
2407
2652
Primary Efficiency toe/M'05
712
450
380
359
Import Dependency %
63.4% 59.8% 57.0% 50.3%
of Solid Fuels
64.2% 87.4% 94.2% 79.0%
of Hard Coal
69.1% 100.0% 102.5% 82.6%
of Petroleum Fuels
114.1% 100.1% 92.0% 90.1%
of Crude and NGL
99.5% 94.5% 95.3% 98.4%
of Natural Gas
100.0% 100.0% 100.6% 100.4%
RES of the Gross Final Energy %
Overall RES with Aviation Cap
20.0%
RES-H&C Heating and Cooling
34.5%
RES-E Electricity Generation
5.9%
RE-T Transport
4.2%
Gases Emissions mio ton CO2
CO2 Emissions
16
12
15
13
GHGs Emissions
23
20
24
20
Main Emissions Indicators
4373
3555
4467
4271
CO2 per Capita kg CO2/cap
1820
1739
1688
1579
Carbon Intensity kg CO2/toe
1383
863
706
620
CO2 GDP Intensity ton CO2/M'05
Methodology, Sources and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 5

2010

2011

2.5

2.6

0.9
5.7

0.9
4.8

0.6
3.2

0.2
2.7

1.7

1.7

1.5
3.7
0.0
0.6

1.5
2.7
0.0
0.6

1.1
2.0
34.6%
19.3

1.2
1.8
37.5%
15.8

1472

1454

298
945
45
10
34

259
965
45
10
35

311
302
2220
2332
2692
2832
279
250
82.0% 81.8%
91.8% 105.5%
95.2% 111.5%
98.7% 91.6%
99.0% 98.3%
99.7% 100.3%
19.7%
33.0%
7.4%
3.6%
14
21
4670
2103
654

20.3%
33.8%
9.0%
3.7%

194

PART 5 Country Profiles

PART 5 Country Profiles

EU Energy in Figures

EU Energy in Figures

5.15.Luxembourg

5.15.Luxembourg

Luxembourg

Luxembourg
Mtoe, unless otherwise stated
Production
Solid Fuels
of which Hard Coal
Petroleum and Products
of which Crude and NGL
Gases
of which Natural Gas
Nuclear
Renewables
Waste, Non-Renewable
Net Imports
Solid Fuels
of which Hard Coal
Petroleum and Products
of which Crude and NGL
Gases
of which Natural Gas
Renewables
Electricity
Gross Inland Consumption
Solid Fuels
of which Hard Coal
Petroleum and Products
of which Crude and NGL
Gases
of which Natural Gas
Nuclear
Renewables
Waste, Non-Renewable
Electricity
Primary Energy Intensity
Final Non-Energy Consumption
Final Energy Consumption
by Fuel/Product
Solid Fuels
Petroleum and Products
Gases
Solar
Biomass and Renewable Waste
Geothermal
Waste, Non-Renewable
Electricity
Derived heat
by Sector
Industry
Transport
Households
Services
Agriculture
Fishing
Other

195

1995
0.0

2000
0.1

2005
0.1

2009
0.1

2010
0.1

2011
0.1

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
3.3
0.5
0.1
1.8

0.0
0.0
3.6
0.1
0.1
2.4

0.1
0.0
4.7
0.1
0.1
3.2

0.1
0.0
4.3
0.1
0.1
2.8

0.1
0.0
4.5
0.1
0.1
2.9

0.1
0.0
4.5
0.1
0.1
2.9

0.6
0.6

0.7
0.7
0.0
0.5
3.7
0.1
0.1
2.3

1.2
1.2
0.0
0.3
4.8
0.1
0.1
3.2

1.1
1.1
0.0
0.3
4.4
0.1
0.1
2.8

1.2
1.2
0.0
0.3
4.7
0.1
0.1
2.9

1.0
1.0
0.0
0.4
4.6
0.1
0.1
3.0

0.4
3.3
0.5
0.1
1.8
0.6
0.6

0.7
0.7

1.2
1.2

1.1
1.1

1.2
1.2

1.0
1.0

0.0
0.0
0.4
3.3
0.0
3.1

0.0
0.0
0.5
3.6
0.0
3.5

0.1
0.0
0.3
4.8
0.0
4.4

0.1
0.0
0.3
4.4
0.0
4.1

0.1
0.0
0.3
4.6
0.0
4.3

0.1
0.0
0.4
4.6
0.0
4.3

0.3
1.8
0.6

0.1
2.3
0.6

0.0

0.0

0.1
3.1
0.6
0.0
0.0

0.1
2.7
0.6
0.0
0.1

0.1
2.9
0.7
0.0
0.1

0.1
2.9
0.6
0.0
0.1

0.4

0.0
0.5
0.0

0.0
0.5
0.0

0.0
0.5
0.0

0.0
0.6
0.0

0.0
0.6
0.0

1.2
1.3
0.6
0.1
0.0

0.7
1.9
0.5
0.4
0.0

0.7
2.8
0.5
0.4
0.0

0.6
2.5
0.5
0.4
0.0

0.7
2.6
0.5
0.4
0.0

0.7
2.7
0.4
0.4
0.0

0.0

0.0

Methodology, Sources and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 5

0.0

Mtoe, unless otherwise stated


1995
2000
2005
Installed Capacity GW
Combustible Fuels
0.1
0.1
0.5
Nuclear
Hydro
1.1
1.1
1.1
Gross Electricity Generation TWh
1.2
1.2
4.1
by Fuel
Solid Fuels
Petroleum and Products
0.0
0.0
Gases
0.3
0.2
3.1
Nuclear
Renewables
0.9
0.9
1.0
by Type
Main Activity Electricity Only
0.9
0.9
3.7
Main Activity CHP Plants
0.0
0.0
0.0
Autoproducer Electricity Only
0.2
0.0
0.0
Autoproducer CHP Plants
0.1
0.2
0.4
Cogeneration Heat and Power
CHP Electrical Capacity GW
0.1
CHP Electricity Generation TWh
0.4
CHP inTotal Electricity Generation %
10.1%
CHP Heat Production PJ
1.2
Transport Fuels ktoe
Final Consumption
1305
1925
2788
Petroleum Products
Motor Gasoline
541
608
525
Gas/Diesel Oil
571
993
1828
Final Consumption Biofuels
1
Biogasoline
Biodiesel
Main Energy Indicators
Energy Intensity toe/M'05
177
144
159
Energy per Capita kgoe/cap
8151
8366 10336
Final Electricity p/cap KWh/cap 12200 13215 13210
Primary Efficiency toe/M'05
175
142
158
Import Dependency %
97.7% 99.6% 97.3%
of Solid Fuels
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%
of Hard Coal
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%
of Petroleum Fuels
98.3% 102.1% 99.4%
of Crude and NGL
of Natural Gas
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%
RES of the Gross Final Energy %
Overall RES with Aviation Cap
RES-H&C Heating and Cooling
RES-E Electricity Generation
RE-T Transport
Gases Emissions mio ton CO2
CO2 Emissions
10
10
13
GHGs Emissions
11
11
14
Main Emissions Indicators
23686 21911 28465
CO2 per Capita kg CO2/cap
2906
2619
2754
Carbon Intensity kg CO2/toe
514
377
438
CO2 GDP Intensity ton CO2/M'05
Methodology, Sources and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 5

2009

2010

2011

0.5

0.5

0.5

1.1
3.9

1.1
4.6

1.1
3.7

2.8

0.0
2.9

0.0
2.3

1.0

1.6

1.3

3.5
0.0
0.0
0.4

4.1
0.0
0.0
0.4

3.2
0.0
0.0
0.4

0.1
0.4
10.1%
3.8

0.1
0.4
9.6%
3.2

0.1
0.4
12.1%
3.1

2446

2571

2682

396
1628
41
1
40

368
1771
41
1
40

382
1892
42
4
38

136
140
136
8793
9176
8829
12272 12964 12497
135
139
135
97.4% 97.0% 97.2%
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%
100.1% 99.4% 99.6%
100.0% 100.0%
2.9%
4.6%
4.1%
2.2%

2.9%
5.0%
3.8%
2.0%

12
13

12
13

23642
2689
365

24351
2654
372

99.9%
2.9%
5.0%
4.1%
2.0%

196

PART 5 Country Profiles

PART 5 Country Profiles

EU Energy in Figures

5.16.Hungary

5.16.Hungary

Hungary

Hungary
Mtoe, unless otherwise stated
Production
Solid Fuels
of which Hard Coal
Petroleum and Products
of which Crude and NGL
Gases
of which Natural Gas
Nuclear
Renewables
Waste, Non-Renewable
Net Imports
Solid Fuels
of which Hard Coal
Petroleum and Products
of which Crude and NGL
Gases
of which Natural Gas
Renewables
Electricity
Gross Inland Consumption
Solid Fuels
of which Hard Coal
Petroleum and Products
of which Crude and NGL
Gases
of which Natural Gas
Nuclear
Renewables
Waste, Non-Renewable
Electricity
Primary Energy Intensity
Final Non-Energy Consumption
Final Energy Consumption
by Fuel/Product
Solid Fuels
Petroleum and Products
Gases
Solar
Biomass and Renewable Waste
Geothermal
Waste, Non-Renewable
Electricity
Derived heat
by Sector
Industry
Transport
Households
Services
Agriculture
Fishing
Other

197

EU Energy in Figures

1995
13.9
3.3

2000
11.6
2.9

2005
10.3
1.7

2009
11.0
1.6

2010
11.1
1.6

2011
10.8
1.6

2.3
2.3
3.8
3.8
3.6
0.9
0.0
12.6
1.4
1.2
5.5
6.0
5.5
5.5

1.7
1.7
2.5
2.5
3.7
0.8
0.0
14.0
1.1
1.1
5.3
5.9
7.3
7.3

1.4
1.4
2.3
2.3
3.6
1.2
0.1
17.5
1.3
1.3
5.9
6.0
9.8
9.8

0.2
26.3
4.6
1.2
7.8
8.3
9.2
9.2
3.6
0.9
0.0
0.2
24.7
1.6
16.2

0.3
25.3
3.9
1.1
7.0
7.5
9.7
9.7
3.7
0.8
0.0
0.3
23.7
1.6
16.1

0.5
27.7
3.0
1.2
7.2
7.4
12.1
12.1
3.6
1.2
0.1
0.5
25.5
2.2
18.2

1.3
1.2
2.3
2.3
4.0
1.9
0.1
14.9
1.0
1.1
5.6
5.5
7.8
7.8
0.0
0.5
25.4
2.6
1.1
7.3
6.8
9.2
9.2
4.0
1.8
0.1
0.5
23.5
1.9
16.4

1.2
1.1
2.2
2.2
4.1
1.9
0.1
15.1
1.1
1.4
5.8
5.8
7.7
7.7
0.0
0.4
26.0
2.7
1.4
6.9
6.8
9.8
9.8
4.1
2.0
0.1
0.4
24.0
2.0
16.7

1.0
0.9
2.1
2.1
4.1
1.9
0.1
13.1
1.0
1.3
5.4
5.9
6.1
6.1
0.0
0.6
25.2
2.8
1.4
6.5
6.9
9.4
9.4
4.1
1.9
0.1
0.6
23.3
2.0
16.3

1.2
4.2
6.4

0.7
4.2
6.5

0.7
0.1

0.7
0.1

2.4
1.3

2.5
1.4

0.7
4.9
7.9
0.0
0.6
0.1
0.0
2.8
1.3

0.5
5.0
5.9
0.0
1.0
0.1
0.0
2.9
1.1

0.5
4.7
6.3
0.0
1.1
0.1
0.0
2.9
1.1

0.5
4.5
6.0
0.0
1.1
0.1
0.0
3.0
1.0

3.8
2.7
6.3
2.6
0.7

3.5
3.3
5.6
3.0
0.7

3.4
4.3
6.5
3.5
0.6

2.7
4.8
5.5
3.0
0.4
0.0

2.9
4.4
5.7
3.1
0.5
0.0

2.8
4.3
5.5
3.1
0.5
0.0

0.1

0.0

Methodology, Sources and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 5

Mtoe, unless otherwise stated


1995
Installed Capacity GW
Combustible Fuels
5.5
Nuclear
1.8
Hydro
0.0
Gross Electricity Generation TWh
34.0
by Fuel
Solid Fuels
9.1
Petroleum and Products
5.3
Gases
5.4
Nuclear
14.0
Renewables
0.2
by Type
Main Activity Electricity Only
31.8
Main Activity CHP Plants
1.4
Autoproducer Electricity Only
0.2
Autoproducer CHP Plants
0.6
Cogeneration Heat and Power
CHP Electrical Capacity GW
CHP Electricity Generation TWh
CHP inTotal Electricity Generation %
CHP Heat Production PJ
Transport Fuels ktoe
Final Consumption
2572
Petroleum Products
Motor Gasoline
1500
Gas/Diesel Oil
890
Final Consumption Biofuels
Biogasoline
Biodiesel
Main Energy Indicators
Energy Intensity toe/M'05
420
Energy per Capita kgoe/cap
2543
Final Electricity p/cap KWh/cap
2686
Primary Efficiency toe/M'05
394
Import Dependency %
48.0%
of Solid Fuels
29.5%
of Hard Coal
103.5%
of Petroleum Fuels
71.1%
of Crude and NGL
72.0%
of Natural Gas
60.3%
RES of the Gross Final Energy %
Overall RES with Aviation Cap
RES-H&C Heating and Cooling
RES-E Electricity Generation
RE-T Transport
Gases Emissions mio ton CO2
CO2 Emissions
62
GHGs Emissions
79
Main Emissions Indicators
6022
CO2 per Capita kg CO2/cap
2368
Carbon Intensity kg CO2/toe
994
CO2 GDP Intensity ton CO2/M'05

2000

2005

2009

2010

2011

6.4
1.9
0.0
35.2

6.7
1.9
0.0
35.8

6.7
1.9
0.1
35.9

6.6
2.0
0.1
37.4

7.3
2.0
0.1
36.0

9.6
4.4
6.7
14.2
0.2

7.0
0.5
12.5
13.8
1.9

6.3
0.6
10.5
15.4
2.9

6.2
0.5
11.7
15.8
3.0

6.5
0.1
10.8
15.7
2.7

30.4
4.3
0.0
0.5

27.0
8.3
0.0
0.4

28.6
7.0
0.0
0.4

29.9
7.0
0.0
0.4

28.5
6.8
0.1
0.6

2.1
6.8
19.1%
47.4

0.2
7.4
20.5%
42.6

1.9
7.3
19.6%
42.2

1.8
6.0
16.6%
35.1

3181

4162

4511

4130

4011

1404
1543

1559
2307
3
3

1598
2655
169
46
123

1391
2480
175
57
118

1271
2476
166
48
117

350
312
2478
2747
2883
3206
328
288
55.2% 63.2%
28.2% 42.8%
99.0% 105.1%
76.0% 81.3%
78.6% 81.2%
75.4% 81.1%

292
2530
3308
270
58.7%
37.1%
96.8%
77.6%
80.8%
85.6%

295
2598
3421
273
58.3%
41.9%
99.5%
84.2%
85.3%
78.7%

282
2531
3464
260
52.0%
37.6%
95.7%
82.3%
85.6%
65.6%

8.2%
10.5%
7.0%
4.2%

8.8%
11.1%
7.1%
4.7%

8.1%
12.3%
6.4%
0.5%

59
78

61
80

51
68

52
68

5813
2346
820

6084
2215
691

5116
2023
590

5207
2004
592

Methodology, Sources and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 5

198

PART 5 Country Profiles

PART 5 Country Profiles

EU Energy in Figures

5.17.Malta

5.17.Malta

Malta

Malta
Mtoe, unless otherwise stated
Production
Solid Fuels
of which Hard Coal
Petroleum and Products
of which Crude and NGL
Gases
of which Natural Gas
Nuclear
Renewables
Waste, Non-Renewable
Net Imports
Solid Fuels
of which Hard Coal
Petroleum and Products
of which Crude and NGL
Gases
of which Natural Gas
Renewables
Electricity
Gross Inland Consumption
Solid Fuels
of which Hard Coal
Petroleum and Products
of which Crude and NGL
Gases
of which Natural Gas
Nuclear
Renewables
Waste, Non-Renewable
Electricity
Primary Energy Intensity
Final Non-Energy Consumption
Final Energy Consumption
by Fuel/Product
Solid Fuels
Petroleum and Products
Gases
Solar
Biomass and Renewable Waste
Geothermal
Waste, Non-Renewable
Electricity
Derived heat
by Sector
Industry
Transport
Households
Services
Agriculture
Fishing
Other

199

EU Energy in Figures

1995

2000

2005

2009

2010
0.0

2011
0.0

0.0

0.0

0.8

1.5

1.6

2.0

2.5

2.5

0.8

1.5

1.6

2.0

2.5

2.5

0.8

0.8

1.0

0.8

1.0

1.1

0.8

0.8

1.0

0.8

0.9

1.1

0.3

0.4

0.9
0.0
0.4

0.2

0.3

0.2

0.0

0.0

0.8
0.0
0.4

0.9
0.0
0.5

1.1
0.0
0.4

0.3

0.3

0.3

0.0
0.0

0.0

0.1

0.1

0.2

0.1

0.1

0.2

0.0
0.2
0.1
0.0

0.0
0.3
0.1
0.0

0.0
0.2
0.1
0.0

0.1
0.2
0.1
0.1
0.0

0.1
0.3
0.1
0.1

0.0
0.3
0.1
0.1

0.0

Methodology, Sources and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 5

0.0

0.0

0.0

Mtoe, unless otherwise stated


1995
2000
2005
2009
Installed Capacity GW
Combustible Fuels
0.6
Nuclear
Hydro
Gross Electricity Generation TWh
1.6
1.9
2.2
2.2
by Fuel
Solid Fuels
0.1
Petroleum and Products
1.5
1.9
2.2
2.2
Gases
Nuclear
Renewables
by Type
Main Activity Electricity Only
1.6
1.9
2.2
2.2
Main Activity CHP Plants
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Autoproducer Electricity Only
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Autoproducer CHP Plants
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Cogeneration Heat and Power
CHP Electrical Capacity GW
CHP Electricity Generation TWh
CHP inTotal Electricity Generation %
CHP Heat Production PJ
Transport Fuels ktoe
Final Consumption
200
275
197
245
Petroleum Products
Motor Gasoline
126
75
71
77
Gas/Diesel Oil
77
38
77
Final Consumption Biofuels
Biogasoline
Biodiesel
Main Energy Indicators
Energy Intensity toe/M'05
203
173
196
159
Energy per Capita kgoe/cap
1988
2048
2401
2040
Final Electricity p/cap KWh/cap
3333
4018
4854
4124
Primary Efficiency toe/M'05
192
157
Import Dependency %
104.8% 100.3% 100.0% 101.1%
of Solid Fuels
of Hard Coal
of Petroleum Fuels
104.8% 100.3% 100.0% 101.1%
of Crude and NGL
of Natural Gas
RES of the Gross Final Energy %
Overall RES with Aviation Cap
0.3%
RES-H&C Heating and Cooling
2.1%
RES-E Electricity Generation
RE-T Transport
Gases Emissions mio ton CO2
CO2 Emissions
3
4
7
7
GHGs Emissions
3
4
7
7
Main Emissions Indicators
8035 10065 16718 16720
CO2 per Capita kg CO2/cap
4041
4913
6962
8198
Carbon Intensity kg CO2/toe
819
848
1368
1300
CO2 GDP Intensity ton CO2/M'05
Methodology, Sources and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 5

2010

2011

0.6

0.6

2.1

2.2

2.1

2.2

0.0
2.1
0.0
0.0
0.0

2.2
0.0
0.0
0.0

279

268

77
101

77
97

174
202
2287
2691
3860
4331
172
201
99.1% 100.6%

99.3% 100.6%

0.4%
3.1%
0.1%
0.3%
6
7
15101
6603
1147

0.4%
5.6%
0.1%
0.0%

200

PART 5 Country Profiles

PART 5 Country Profiles

EU Energy in Figures

EU Energy in Figures

5.18.Netherlands

5.18.Netherlands

Netherlands

Netherlands
Mtoe, unless otherwise stated
Production
Solid Fuels
of which Hard Coal
Petroleum and Products
of which Crude and NGL
Gases
of which Natural Gas
Nuclear
Renewables
Waste, Non-Renewable
Net Imports
Solid Fuels
of which Hard Coal
Petroleum and Products
of which Crude and NGL
Gases
of which Natural Gas
Renewables
Electricity
Gross Inland Consumption
Solid Fuels
of which Hard Coal
Petroleum and Products
of which Crude and NGL
Gases
of which Natural Gas
Nuclear
Renewables
Waste, Non-Renewable
Electricity
Primary Energy Intensity
Final Non-Energy Consumption
Final Energy Consumption
by Fuel/Product
Solid Fuels
Petroleum and Products
Gases
Solar
Biomass and Renewable Waste
Geothermal
Waste, Non-Renewable
Electricity
Derived heat
by Sector
Industry
Transport
Households
Services
Agriculture
Fishing
Other

201

1995
66.7
0.0

2000
57.6
0.0

2005
62.2
0.0

2009
63.4
0.0

2010
70.1
0.0

2011
64.7
0.0

3.6
3.6
60.9
60.9
1.0
0.9
0.3
15.4
8.8
9.0
32.1
60.0
-26.4
-26.4
0.0
1.0
73.3
9.0
9.2
26.6
64.0
34.5
34.5
1.0
0.9
0.3
1.0
64.0
9.2
48.0

2.4
2.4
52.2
52.2
1.0
1.3
0.6
34.7
8.0
8.0
42.4
61.9
-17.2
-17.2
-0.1
1.6
76.6
7.9
7.8
29.2
63.4
35.0
35.0
1.0
1.2
0.6
1.6
66.1
10.5
50.5

2.3
2.3
56.3
56.3
1.0
1.9
0.7
38.1
8.3
8.2
48.9
62.2
-20.9
-20.9
0.3
1.6
82.5
8.2
8.2
33.5
64.3
35.3
35.3
1.0
2.2
0.7
1.6
69.5
13.0
52.3

2.3
1.7
56.5
56.5
1.1
2.8
0.7
34.9
9.3
9.3
46.3
58.8
-21.5
-21.5
0.4
0.4
81.6
7.5
7.4
33.6
60.1
35.1
35.1
1.1
3.2
0.7
0.4
67.0
14.7
50.4

1.9
1.5
63.5
63.5
1.0
2.9
0.7
30.9
9.2
9.1
45.6
61.1
-24.2
-24.2
0.1
0.2
87.0
7.6
7.4
35.1
62.6
39.3
39.3
1.0
3.1
0.7
0.2
71.6
15.5
54.0

1.9
1.5
57.9
57.9
1.1
3.1
0.7
29.2
7.5
7.4
44.2
57.9
-23.5
-23.5
0.2
0.8
81.3
7.5
7.3
33.6
60.3
34.3
34.3
1.1
3.3
0.8
0.8
67.4
13.9
50.7

1.5
14.1
23.0
0.0
0.4

1.3
16.5
21.0
0.0
0.3

1.5
18.0
20.3
0.0
0.4

1.1
17.9
19.5
0.0
0.9
0.0

1.3
18.3
22.4
0.0
0.7
0.0

1.4
18.3
18.8
0.0
0.8
0.0

7.1
1.9

8.4
2.9

9.0
3.0

8.9
2.1

9.2
2.1

9.2
2.1

14.0
12.4
10.9
7.0
3.7

14.8
14.3
10.3
7.2
3.9

15.5
15.2
10.1
8.0
3.5

12.9
15.1
10.2
8.9
3.3
0.1
0.0

14.3
15.0
11.5
9.7
3.4

14.2
15.3
9.8
8.2
3.2
0.0

Methodology, Sources and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 5

Mtoe, unless otherwise stated


1995
2000
2005
2009
2010
2011
Installed Capacity GW
Combustible Fuels
18.2
20.1
20.0
23.1
23.7
25.0
Nuclear
0.5
0.4
0.4
0.5
0.5
0.5
Hydro
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Gross Electricity Generation TWh
80.9
89.6
100.2
113.5
118.1
113.0
by Fuel
Solid Fuels
27.4
24.3
23.5
24.3
22.6
21.4
Petroleum and Products
2.8
2.6
2.3
1.5
1.3
1.5
Gases
44.4
54.4
61.3
71.0
77.4
71.8
Nuclear
4.0
3.9
4.0
4.2
4.0
4.1
Renewables
1.4
3.0
7.4
10.8
11.2
12.3
by Type
Main Activity Electricity Only
4.8
40.4
39.8
50.1
51.3
54.8
Main Activity CHP Plants
64.3
35.4
45.1
41.6
43.8
34.0
Autoproducer Electricity Only
1.1
2.3
2.7
2.5
2.4
2.6
Autoproducer CHP Plants
10.8
11.5
12.7
19.3
20.6
21.6
Cogeneration Heat and Power
CHP Electrical Capacity GW
7.2
9.3
9.3
9.2
CHP Electricity Generation TWh
29.5
36.4
39.2
36.7
CHP inTotal Electricity Generation %
29.4% 32.1% 33.2% 32.5%
CHP Heat Production PJ
220.3
223.0
233.6
224.0
Transport Fuels ktoe
Final Consumption
12249 14116 15012 14587 14648 14824
Petroleum Products
Motor Gasoline
4228
4236
4306
4249
4251
4331
Gas/Diesel Oil
4572
5880
6604
6435
6606
6587
Final Consumption Biofuels
373
229
321
Biogasoline
138
134
149
Biodiesel
235
95
172
Main Energy Indicators
Energy Intensity toe/M'05
186
159
161
151
158
146
Energy per Capita kgoe/cap
4739
4809
5058
4938
5239
4871
Final Electricity p/cap KWh/cap
5349
6142
6405
6290
6433
6438
Primary Efficiency toe/M'05
162
137
135
124
130
121
Import Dependency %
18.3% 38.7% 38.4% 36.5% 30.7% 30.4%
of Solid Fuels
97.8% 101.9% 101.4% 124.5% 121.5% 100.8%
of Hard Coal
97.4% 101.5% 100.3% 126.1% 122.3% 101.4%
of Petroleum Fuels
84.8% 99.8% 97.1% 97.1% 93.4% 91.5%
of Crude and NGL
93.8% 97.7% 96.7% 97.9% 97.6% 95.9%
of Natural Gas
-76.4% -49.1% -59.3% -61.2% -61.6% -68.6%
RES of the Gross Final Energy %
Overall RES with Aviation Cap
4.2%
3.8%
4.3%
RES-H&C Heating and Cooling
3.1%
2.8%
3.3%
RES-E Electricity Generation
9.1%
9.7%
9.8%
RE-T Transport
4.2%
3.0%
4.6%
Gases Emissions mio ton CO2
CO2 Emissions
214
222
241
226
235
GHGs Emissions
267
266
276
255
264
Main Emissions Indicators
13824 13966 14765 13673 14122
CO2 per Capita kg CO2/cap
2917
2904
2919
2769
2696
Carbon Intensity kg CO2/toe
542
462
469
418
427
CO2 GDP Intensity ton CO2/M'05
Methodology, Sources and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 5

202

PART 5 Country Profiles

PART 5 Country Profiles

EU Energy in Figures

5.19.Austria

5.19.Austria

Austria

Austria
Mtoe, unless otherwise stated
Production
Solid Fuels
of which Hard Coal
Petroleum and Products
of which Crude and NGL
Gases
of which Natural Gas
Nuclear
Renewables
Waste, Non-Renewable
Net Imports
Solid Fuels
of which Hard Coal
Petroleum and Products
of which Crude and NGL
Gases
of which Natural Gas
Renewables
Electricity
Gross Inland Consumption
Solid Fuels
of which Hard Coal
Petroleum and Products
of which Crude and NGL
Gases
of which Natural Gas
Nuclear
Renewables
Waste, Non-Renewable
Electricity
Primary Energy Intensity
Final Non-Energy Consumption
Final Energy Consumption
by Fuel/Product
Solid Fuels
Petroleum and Products
Gases
Solar
Biomass and Renewable Waste
Geothermal
Waste, Non-Renewable
Electricity
Derived heat
by Sector
Industry
Transport
Households
Services
Agriculture
Fishing
Other

203

EU Energy in Figures

1995
8.8
0.3
0.0
1.1
1.1
1.3
1.3

2000
9.8
0.3

2005
10.0
0.0

2009
11.6
0.0

2010
12.2
0.0

2011
11.6
0.0

1.1
1.1
1.5
1.5

1.0
1.0
1.4
1.4

1.1
1.1
1.4
1.4

1.1
1.0
1.5
1.5

0.9
0.8
1.5
1.5

5.8
0.2
18.2
2.6
2.0
10.3
7.8
5.4
5.4
0.0
-0.2
27.3
3.5
2.3
11.6
8.9
6.4
6.4

6.6
0.3
19.1
3.0
2.3
11.0
7.4
5.3
5.3
0.0
-0.1
29.2
3.6
2.6
12.4
8.5
6.5
6.5

7.1
0.4
24.6
4.0
3.0
13.3
7.9
7.2
7.2
0.0
0.2
34.4
4.0
2.8
14.5
9.0
8.2
8.2

8.4
0.6
21.2
2.7
2.2
11.5
7.5
6.4
6.4
0.5
0.1
32.7
2.9
2.3
12.8
8.5
7.5
7.5

8.9
0.7
21.8
3.4
2.5
11.7
6.9
6.1
6.1
0.4
0.2
35.0
3.4
2.5
13.2
8.0
8.2
8.2

8.4
0.8
23.5
3.1
2.1
11.2
7.5
8.0
8.0
0.5
0.7
34.0
3.5
2.6
12.4
8.5
7.8
7.8

5.9
0.2
-0.2
25.9
1.4
21.4

6.6
0.3
-0.1
27.5
1.7
23.7

7.1
0.4
0.2
32.7
1.7
28.1

8.9
0.6
0.1
30.9
1.8
26.5

9.3
0.7
0.2
33.2
1.8
28.4

8.8
0.8
0.7
32.4
1.6
27.3

1.5
8.9
3.8
0.0
2.1
0.0
0.1
4.0
0.8

1.4
9.8
4.5
0.1
2.3
0.0
0.1
4.4
1.0

1.4
12.1
5.1
0.1
2.8
0.0
0.3
5.0
1.4

1.1
10.4
4.6
0.2
3.3
0.0
0.3
5.1
1.5

1.1
10.7
5.1
0.2
3.7
0.0
0.4
5.3
1.9

1.1
10.2
4.9
0.2
3.5
0.0
0.5
5.3
1.7

6.3
5.9
6.3
2.3
0.5

7.2
7.0
6.3
2.5
0.5

8.8
9.1
6.8
2.9
0.5

8.5
8.6
6.2
2.6
0.5

8.9
8.9
7.0
3.0
0.6

8.7
8.7
6.4
2.9
0.5
0.0

Methodology, Sources and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 5

Mtoe, unless otherwise stated


Installed Capacity GW
Combustible Fuels
Nuclear
Hydro
Gross Electricity Generation TWh
by Fuel
Solid Fuels
Petroleum and Products
Gases
Nuclear
Renewables
by Type
Main Activity Electricity Only
Main Activity CHP Plants
Autoproducer Electricity Only
Autoproducer CHP Plants
Cogeneration Heat and Power
CHP Electrical Capacity GW
CHP Electricity Generation TWh
CHP inTotal Electricity Generation %
CHP Heat Production PJ
Transport Fuels ktoe
Final Consumption
Petroleum Products
Motor Gasoline
Gas/Diesel Oil
Final Consumption Biofuels
Biogasoline
Biodiesel
Main Energy Indicators
Energy Intensity toe/M'05
Energy per Capita kgoe/cap
Final Electricity p/cap KWh/cap
Primary Efficiency toe/M'05
Import Dependency %
of Solid Fuels
of Hard Coal
of Petroleum Fuels
of Crude and NGL
of Natural Gas
RES of the Gross Final Energy %
Overall RES with Aviation Cap
RES-H&C Heating and Cooling
RES-E Electricity Generation
RE-T Transport
Gases Emissions mio ton CO2
CO2 Emissions
GHGs Emissions
Main Emissions Indicators
CO2 per Capita kg CO2/cap
Carbon Intensity kg CO2/toe
CO2 GDP Intensity ton CO2/M'05

1995

2000

2005

2009

2010

2011

6.1

6.1

6.5

7.3

7.3

8.2

11.3
56.2

11.6
61.3

11.8
66.4

12.7
69.1

12.9
71.1

13.2
65.7

4.3
2.1
9.8

5.7
1.7
8.9

7.2
1.6
14.3

3.8
1.1
13.6

4.9
1.3
16.1

5.4
1.0
14.3

40.0

44.8

43.0

50.0

48.2

44.4

40.7
6.8
4.9
3.7

50.2
2.6
5.3
3.1

54.3
3.8
4.5
3.8

55.8
4.8
4.4
4.1

55.0
6.7
4.7
4.7

51.2
5.1
4.4
5.0

3.3
10.1
15.4%
95.8

2.9
9.1
13.2%
98.4

3.2
11.0
15.4%
110.6

3.7
10.3
15.7%
96.4

5543

6588

8621

7677

7994

7814

2515
2551
10

2082
3898
16

2184
5730
45
31

1877
5116
485
63
318

1850
5396
478
68
339

1786
5249
479
66
335

129
140
3642
4182
6433
7088
122
133
65.6% 71.4%
83.9% 99.3%
91.6% 106.9%
89.1% 91.6%
87.0% 88.5%
80.6% 87.7%

127
3908
7052
120
65.0%
96.0%
95.3%
90.4%
88.0%
85.8%

133
126
4175
4032
7311
7308
126
120
62.1% 69.3%
99.7% 88.3%
97.5% 82.3%
88.6% 90.4%
86.2% 88.1%
74.4% 103.2%

31.0%
31.2%
68.0%
6.5%

30.1%
30.8%
65.5%
5.4%

141
3437
5877
134
66.6%
75.7%
88.3%
89.3%
87.6%
84.8%

65
81

68
82

82
95

69
82

74
87

8215
2390
338

8449
2320
300

9939
2376
333

8269
2116
269

8867
2124
283

Methodology, Sources and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 5

30.9%
31.1%
66.1%
7.6%

204

PART 5 Country Profiles

PART 5 Country Profiles

EU Energy in Figures

5.20.Poland

5.20.Poland

Poland

Poland
Mtoe, unless otherwise stated
Production
Solid Fuels
of which Hard Coal
Petroleum and Products
of which Crude and NGL
Gases
of which Natural Gas
Nuclear
Renewables
Waste, Non-Renewable
Net Imports
Solid Fuels
of which Hard Coal
Petroleum and Products
of which Crude and NGL
Gases
of which Natural Gas
Renewables
Electricity
Gross Inland Consumption
Solid Fuels
of which Hard Coal
Petroleum and Products
of which Crude and NGL
Gases
of which Natural Gas
Nuclear
Renewables
Waste, Non-Renewable
Electricity
Primary Energy Intensity
Final Non-Energy Consumption
Final Energy Consumption
by Fuel/Product
Solid Fuels
Petroleum and Products
Gases
Solar
Biomass and Renewable Waste
Geothermal
Waste, Non-Renewable
Electricity
Derived heat
by Sector
Industry
Transport
Households
Services
Agriculture
Fishing
Other

205

EU Energy in Figures

1995
99.4
91.1
78.2
0.4
0.3
3.2
3.2

2000
79.8
71.3
59.2
0.9
0.7
3.3
3.3

2005
78.9
68.9
56.1
1.1
0.9
3.9
3.9

2009
67.9
56.4
44.2
1.1
0.7
3.7
3.7

2010
67.8
55.4
43.8
1.2
0.7
3.7
3.7

2011
68.9
55.8
43.2
1.1
0.6
3.9
3.8

3.9
0.8
0.0
-21.2
-18.9
15.7
13.1
5.8
5.8

3.8
0.4
9.6
-16.4
-13.8
19.9
18.2
6.6
6.6

-0.2
100.0
70.3
59.7
16.2
13.5
9.0
9.0

-0.5
89.8
56.3
46.4
19.9
18.3
10.0
10.0

4.5
0.5
16.4
-13.0
-9.7
22.0
18.0
8.5
8.5
-0.1
-1.0
93.1
54.6
45.6
22.2
18.5
12.2
12.2

6.0
0.7
30.3
-2.7
0.8
24.8
20.3
8.1
8.1
0.2
-0.2
95.3
51.5
42.6
25.0
20.7
12.1
12.1

6.9
0.7
32.2
-2.8
1.8
25.8
22.9
8.9
8.9
0.4
-0.1
101.8
54.6
47.9
26.5
23.3
12.8
12.8

7.4
0.8
34.5
-0.6
4.0
25.5
23.9
9.6
9.6
0.5
-0.5
102.2
54.6
46.8
26.5
24.6
12.8
12.8

3.9
0.8
-0.2
96.3
3.7
62.8

3.8
0.4
-0.5
85.5
4.4
55.6

4.5
0.5
-1.0
88.5
4.5
58.2

6.3
0.7
-0.2
90.7
4.6
61.0

7.3
0.7
-0.1
96.9
4.9
66.5

8.0
0.8
-0.5
97.3
4.9
64.7

22.6
11.5
7.8

13.5
15.3
7.5

3.7
0.7
7.7
8.8

3.5
0.0
0.4
8.5
6.9

11.5
17.7
8.7
0.0
3.8
0.0
0.3
9.1
7.1

11.4
19.7
8.7
0.0
4.6
0.0
0.6
9.7
6.4

13.4
20.6
9.4
0.0
5.2
0.0
0.6
10.2
7.0

12.1
20.5
9.1
0.0
5.4
0.0
0.6
10.5
6.4

23.0
8.2
22.7
4.2
4.8

19.0
9.8
17.2
5.0
4.6

16.6
12.4
18.3
6.4
4.4
0.0

0.0

15.4
17.6
21.1
8.5
3.8
0.0
0.0

16.2
17.8
19.0
8.1
3.6

0.0

14.7
16.6
18.6
7.6
3.5
0.0
0.0

Methodology, Sources and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 5

0.0

Mtoe, unless otherwise stated


1995
Installed Capacity GW
Combustible Fuels
27.4
Nuclear
Hydro
2.1
Gross Electricity Generation TWh 139.0
by Fuel
Solid Fuels
131.8
Petroleum and Products
1.5
Gases
1.5
Nuclear
Renewables
3.9
by Type
Main Activity Electricity Only
3.8
Main Activity CHP Plants
126.8
Autoproducer Electricity Only
0.0
Autoproducer CHP Plants
8.4
Cogeneration Heat and Power
CHP Electrical Capacity GW
CHP Electricity Generation TWh
CHP inTotal Electricity Generation %
CHP Heat Production PJ
Transport Fuels ktoe
Final Consumption
7779
Petroleum Products
Motor Gasoline
4518
Gas/Diesel Oil
2777
Final Consumption Biofuels
Biogasoline
Biodiesel
Main Energy Indicators
Energy Intensity toe/M'05
620
Energy per Capita kgoe/cap
2613
Final Electricity p/cap KWh/cap
2343
Primary Efficiency toe/M'05
597
Import Dependency %
0.0%
of Solid Fuels
-30.2%
of Hard Coal
-31.7%
of Petroleum Fuels
96.0%
of Crude and NGL
97.1%
of Natural Gas
64.6%
RES of the Gross Final Energy %
Overall RES with Aviation Cap
RES-H&C Heating and Cooling
RES-E Electricity Generation
RE-T Transport
Gases Emissions mio ton CO2
CO2 Emissions
361
GHGs Emissions
434
Main Emissions Indicators
9421
CO2 per Capita kg CO2/cap
3606
Carbon Intensity kg CO2/toe
2235
CO2 GDP Intensity ton CO2/M'05

2000

2005

2009

2010

2011

28.4

29.8

30.0

29.9

30.4

2.2
145.2

2.3
156.9

2.3
151.7

2.3
157.7

2.3
163.5

135.9
1.9
2.7

142.2
2.8
6.4

133.4
2.7
6.1

136.6
2.9
6.5

139.9
2.5
7.4

4.3

5.4

9.3

11.5

13.6

4.1
133.8
0.0
7.2

3.9
144.9
0.0
8.1

4.0
140.8
0.0
6.9

5.2
144.5
0.0
8.0

6.0
149.2
0.0
8.3

8.3
26.3
16.8%
275.4

8.6
26.1
17.2%
258.4

8.7
27.7
17.6%
277.1

8.8
27.1
16.6%
263.5

9329

11806

15360

16209

16328

5213
3372

4163
5619
54
38
14

4289
8768
656
188
387

4240
9633
886
189
486

4010
10085
934
179
536

428
2348
2578
407
10.6%
-29.1%
-29.9%
98.7%
99.1%
66.3%

381
2439
2762
362
17.6%
-23.9%
-21.3%
97.4%
97.3%
69.7%

322
2498
2953
306
31.7%
-5.2%
1.9%
98.3%
98.0%
67.3%

331
2643
3089
315
31.6%
-5.2%
3.7%
96.7%
98.4%
69.3%

318
2652
3164
303
33.7%
-1.1%
8.6%
95.5%
97.2%
75.1%

8.9%
11.9%
5.9%
4.8%

9.5%
12.0%
6.7%
5.9%

10.4%
13.3%
8.2%
6.5%

318
386

320
391

314
384

334
403

8307
3538
1514

8381
3436
1309

8242
3299
1062

8683
3286
1087

Methodology, Sources and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 5

206

PART 5 Country Profiles

PART 5 Country Profiles

EU Energy in Figures

5.21.Portugal

5.21.Portugal

Portugal

Portugal
Mtoe, unless otherwise stated
Production
Solid Fuels
of which Hard Coal
Petroleum and Products
of which Crude and NGL
Gases
of which Natural Gas
Nuclear
Renewables
Waste, Non-Renewable
Net Imports
Solid Fuels
of which Hard Coal
Petroleum and Products
of which Crude and NGL
Gases
of which Natural Gas
Renewables
Electricity
Gross Inland Consumption
Solid Fuels
of which Hard Coal
Petroleum and Products
of which Crude and NGL
Gases
of which Natural Gas
Nuclear
Renewables
Waste, Non-Renewable
Electricity
Primary Energy Intensity
Final Non-Energy Consumption
Final Energy Consumption
by Fuel/Product
Solid Fuels
Petroleum and Products
Gases
Solar
Biomass and Renewable Waste
Geothermal
Waste, Non-Renewable
Electricity
Derived heat
by Sector
Industry
Transport
Households
Services
Agriculture
Fishing
Other

207

EU Energy in Figures

1995
3.4

2000
3.9

2005
3.6

2009
5.0

0.0
0.1

3.3

2010
5.6

0.0

2011
5.3

0.0

0.0

3.8
0.1
21.9
3.9
4.0
15.8
11.5
2.0
2.0

3.5
0.1
24.8
3.2
3.2
17.1
13.4
3.9
3.9
0.6
27.4
3.3
3.3
16.1
13.4
3.8
3.8

4.8
0.1
20.6
3.1
3.1
12.8
10.4
4.3
4.3
0.0
0.4
24.9
2.9
2.9
12.5
10.6
4.2
4.2

5.4
0.1
18.7
1.6
1.6
12.6
11.5
4.5
4.5
-0.2
0.2
24.4
1.7
1.7
12.4
11.6
4.5
4.5

5.2
0.1
18.9
2.1
2.1
12.2
10.6
4.5
4.5
-0.2
0.2
23.9
2.2
2.2
11.7
10.6
4.5
4.5

0.1
20.7
3.6
3.6
13.6
13.0
0.1

0.1
25.1
3.8
3.8
15.3
11.7
2.1
2.0

3.3
0.1
18.6
2.1
13.7

3.8
0.1
0.1
22.8
2.3
17.7

3.5
0.1
0.6
24.9
2.5
19.0

4.8
0.1
0.4
23.4
1.5
18.3

5.5
0.1
0.2
22.6
1.7
18.1

5.1
0.1
0.2
22.2
1.7
17.3

0.5
8.2
0.1
0.0
2.4
0.0

0.5
10.5
0.9
0.0
2.4
0.0

2.5
0.0

3.3
0.1

0.0
10.8
1.3
0.0
2.5
0.0
0.0
4.0
0.3

0.0
9.5
1.4
0.0
2.8
0.0
0.0
4.1
0.3

0.1
9.3
1.6
0.1
2.5
0.0
0.0
4.3
0.3

0.0
8.6
1.6
0.1
2.5
0.0
0.0
4.2
0.3

4.9
4.9
2.6
0.9
0.5

6.3
6.5
2.8
1.4
0.7

5.9
7.1
3.2
2.2
0.5
0.1

5.2
7.3
3.2
2.0
0.4
0.1
0.0

5.4
7.4
3.0
1.9
0.3
0.1
0.0

5.3
6.9
2.8
1.9
0.3
0.1
0.0

18.0
3.8
3.8
14.1
13.0

Methodology, Sources and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 5

Mtoe, unless otherwise stated


Installed Capacity GW
Combustible Fuels
Nuclear
Hydro
Gross Electricity Generation TWh
by Fuel
Solid Fuels
Petroleum and Products
Gases
Nuclear
Renewables
by Type
Main Activity Electricity Only
Main Activity CHP Plants
Autoproducer Electricity Only
Autoproducer CHP Plants
Cogeneration Heat and Power
CHP Electrical Capacity GW
CHP Electricity Generation TWh
CHP inTotal Electricity Generation %
CHP Heat Production PJ
Transport Fuels ktoe
Final Consumption
Petroleum Products
Motor Gasoline
Gas/Diesel Oil
Final Consumption Biofuels
Biogasoline
Biodiesel
Main Energy Indicators
Energy Intensity toe/M'05
Energy per Capita kgoe/cap
Final Electricity p/cap KWh/cap
Primary Efficiency toe/M'05
Import Dependency %
of Solid Fuels
of Hard Coal
of Petroleum Fuels
of Crude and NGL
of Natural Gas
RES of the Gross Final Energy %
Overall RES with Aviation Cap
RES-H&C Heating and Cooling
RES-E Electricity Generation
RE-T Transport
Gases Emissions mio ton CO2
CO2 Emissions
GHGs Emissions
Main Emissions Indicators
CO2 per Capita kg CO2/cap
Carbon Intensity kg CO2/toe
CO2 GDP Intensity ton CO2/M'05

1995

2000

2005

2009

2010

2011

4.9

6.3

7.3

8.8

9.9

9.9

4.4
33.3

4.5
43.8

5.0
46.6

5.1
50.2

5.1
54.1

5.6
52.5

13.4
10.3
0.1

14.6
8.4
7.2

15.2
8.8
13.6

12.9
3.3
14.7

7.1
3.0
14.9

9.8
2.7
14.9

9.5

13.3

8.6

19.0

28.8

24.7

29.7
0.5
0.0
3.1

38.4
0.6
0.5
4.3

40.1
1.0
0.7
4.9

43.3
0.3
0.7
5.8

46.1
0.2
0.8
7.0

43.9
0.2
0.9
7.4

1.1
5.4
11.6%
59.6

1.3
5.5
11.0%
61.0

1.3
6.4
11.8%
67.2

1.4
6.6
12.7%
69.3

4843

6510

7055

7067

7021

6594

1986
2234

2231
3464

1900
4213

1528
4428
220

1450
4417
300

1306
4118
303

220

300

303

172
170
178
160
154
153
2059
2455
2597
2344
2291
2244
2872
3753
4391
4501
4690
4541
155
154
161
150
143
142
85.4% 84.9% 88.5% 81.0% 75.4% 77.4%
105.8% 102.9% 96.3% 106.7% 98.3% 97.3%
105.9% 103.4% 96.3% 106.8% 98.3% 97.3%
100.6% 99.3% 102.3% 99.0% 98.0% 99.9%
100.0% 99.0% 100.2% 98.7% 98.9% 100.7%
100.3% 103.8% 101.2% 100.4% 101.6%
24.6%
37.9%
38.2%
3.9%

24.6%
34.5%
41.2%
5.6%

56
73

68
86

72
90

61
79

57
75

5598
2719
467

6679
2720
461

6859
2641
469

5729
2444
392

5344
2332
359

Methodology, Sources and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 5

24.9%
35.5%
46.5%
0.4%

208

PART 5 Country Profiles

PART 5 Country Profiles

EU Energy in Figures

5.22.Romania

5.22.Romania

Romania

Romania
Mtoe, unless otherwise stated
Production
Solid Fuels
of which Hard Coal
Petroleum and Products
of which Crude and NGL
Gases
of which Natural Gas
Nuclear
Renewables
Waste, Non-Renewable
Net Imports
Solid Fuels
of which Hard Coal
Petroleum and Products
of which Crude and NGL
Gases
of which Natural Gas
Renewables
Electricity
Gross Inland Consumption
Solid Fuels
of which Hard Coal
Petroleum and Products
of which Crude and NGL
Gases
of which Natural Gas
Nuclear
Renewables
Waste, Non-Renewable
Electricity
Primary Energy Intensity
Final Non-Energy Consumption
Final Energy Consumption
by Fuel/Product
Solid Fuels
Petroleum and Products
Gases
Solar
Biomass and Renewable Waste
Geothermal
Waste, Non-Renewable
Electricity
Derived heat
by Sector
Industry
Transport
Households
Services
Agriculture
Fishing
Other

209

EU Energy in Figures

1995
32.7
7.9
0.7
7.2
7.1
14.4
14.4

2000
28.6
5.6
0.2
6.4
6.4
11.0
11.0
1.4
4.0
0.1
8.1
1.9
1.6
3.5
4.8
2.7
2.7

2005
28.2
5.8
0.0
6.2
5.6
9.7
9.7
1.4
5.0
0.1
10.8
2.9
2.4
4.0
8.9
4.2
4.2
-0.2
39.3
8.8
2.4
10.4
14.5
13.9
13.9
1.4
4.9
0.1
-0.2
36.8
2.6
25.1

2009
28.6
6.6
0.0
4.8
4.7
8.9
8.9
3.0
5.3
0.0
7.2
1.0
0.6
4.7
7.1
1.6
1.6
0.0
-0.2
35.5
7.6
0.7
9.2
11.7
10.6
10.6
3.0
5.3
0.0
-0.2
33.1
2.4
22.4

2010
27.8
5.9
0.0
4.5
4.4
8.6
8.6
3.0
5.7
0.0
7.7
1.2
0.5
4.7
5.9
1.8
1.8
0.1
-0.2
35.7
7.0
0.5
9.2
10.5
10.8
10.8
3.0
5.9
0.0
-0.2
33.3
2.3
22.5

2011
27.9
6.7
0.0
4.4
4.4
8.7
8.7
3.0
5.0
0.0
7.8
1.1
0.6
4.3
5.5
2.5
2.5
0.1
-0.2
36.3
8.2
0.6
9.1
10.0
11.1
11.1
3.0
5.1
0.0
-0.2
33.9
2.4
22.6

2.8
0.4
0.0
46.0
1.2
26.9

-0.1
36.8
7.5
1.7
10.2
11.1
13.7
13.7
1.4
4.0
0.1
-0.1
34.9
1.9
22.7

1.6
5.7
10.3

1.0
5.5
6.9

1.6
7.0
7.8

0.8
6.7
6.1

0.2
3.1
4.7

2.7
0.0
0.1
2.9
3.6

3.2
0.0
0.1
3.3
2.1

3.9
0.0
0.0
3.2
1.6

0.9
6.1
6.2
0.0
4.0
0.0
0.0
3.6
1.6

0.8
6.5
6.2
0.0
3.6
0.0
0.0
3.7
1.7

1.3

15.2
3.1
6.3
0.5
1.0

9.3
3.4
8.4
0.7
0.4

10.3
4.3
8.0
1.7
0.2

6.9
5.0
8.1
1.9
0.4

7.1
5.2
7.9
1.8
0.4

0.9

0.5

0.6

6.7
5.4
8.0
1.8
0.4
0.0
0.2

0.2

0.2

2.8
0.4
14.6
2.9
3.0
6.9
8.8
4.8
4.8
0.0
47.2
10.8
3.7
14.0
16.0
19.2
19.2

Methodology, Sources and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 5

Mtoe, unless otherwise stated


Installed Capacity GW
Combustible Fuels
Nuclear
Hydro
Gross Electricity Generation TWh
by Fuel
Solid Fuels
Petroleum and Products
Gases
Nuclear
Renewables
by Type
Main Activity Electricity Only
Main Activity CHP Plants
Autoproducer Electricity Only
Autoproducer CHP Plants
Cogeneration Heat and Power
CHP Electrical Capacity GW
CHP Electricity Generation TWh
CHP inTotal Electricity Generation %
CHP Heat Production PJ
Transport Fuels ktoe
Final Consumption
Petroleum Products
Motor Gasoline
Gas/Diesel Oil
Final Consumption Biofuels
Biogasoline
Biodiesel
Main Energy Indicators
Energy Intensity toe/M'05
Energy per Capita kgoe/cap
Final Electricity p/cap KWh/cap
Primary Efficiency toe/M'05
Import Dependency %
of Solid Fuels
of Hard Coal
of Petroleum Fuels
of Crude and NGL
of Natural Gas
RES of the Gross Final Energy %
Overall RES with Aviation Cap
RES-H&C Heating and Cooling
RES-E Electricity Generation
RE-T Transport
Gases Emissions mio ton CO2
CO2 Emissions
GHGs Emissions
Main Emissions Indicators
CO2 per Capita kg CO2/cap
Carbon Intensity kg CO2/toe
CO2 GDP Intensity ton CO2/M'05

1995

2000

2005

2009

2010

2011

59.3

15.1
0.7
6.1
51.9

12.0
0.7
6.3
59.4

11.7
1.4
6.5
58.0

11.6
1.4
6.5
61.0

11.6
1.4
6.5
62.2

16.7

18.9
3.4
9.0
5.5
14.8

21.9
1.9
9.8
5.6
20.2

21.7
1.0
7.7
11.8
15.8

20.7
0.7
7.3
11.6
20.7

24.8
0.8
8.4
11.7
16.5

27.2
30.6
0.2
1.1

32.5
17.7
0.1
1.2

41.6
15.4
0.2
2.2

43.5
12.2
0.5
1.8

47.5
10.8
0.7
2.0

46.6
12.8
0.6
2.1

5.3
15.6
26.2%
95.4

4.5
6.3
10.8%
66.3

4.6
6.5
10.8%
69.0

2.2
7.3
11.7%
71.9

20.6
5.8
16.0

2879

3235

4105

5050

4771

4828

1060
1572

1295
1744

1617
2282

1512
3227
163
3
38

1381
3091
115
47
67

1314
3205
195
47
138

387
393
1654
1664
1752
1928
361
368
20.2% 21.7%
13.7% 17.6%
86.2% 100.8%
51.1% 51.7%
61.0% 56.5%
15.1% 16.8%

392
1700
1998
366
21.3%
13.8%
96.7%
46.6%
55.0%
22.2%

22.6%
26.4%
30.9%
1.6%

23.6%
27.2%
30.5%
3.2%

21.4%
24.3%
31.1%
2.1%

759
2082
1603
739
30.8%
26.5%
81.7%
49.2%
54.9%
24.9%

609
493
1642
1820
1513
1797
578
461
22.0% 27.6%
25.6% 33.4%
96.0% 102.2%
34.6% 38.1%
43.5% 61.3%
19.8% 30.1%

136
182

101
141

109
149

89
124

88
122

5994
2879
2186

4519
2753
1678

5034
2766
1364

4149
2509
970

4096
2462
967

Methodology, Sources and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 5

210

PART 5 Country Profiles

PART 5 Country Profiles

EU Energy in Figures

5.23.Slovenia

5.23.Slovenia

Slovenia

Slovenia
Mtoe, unless otherwise stated
Production
Solid Fuels
of which Hard Coal
Petroleum and Products
of which Crude and NGL
Gases
of which Natural Gas
Nuclear
Renewables
Waste, Non-Renewable
Net Imports
Solid Fuels
of which Hard Coal
Petroleum and Products
of which Crude and NGL
Gases
of which Natural Gas
Renewables
Electricity
Gross Inland Consumption
Solid Fuels
of which Hard Coal
Petroleum and Products
of which Crude and NGL
Gases
of which Natural Gas
Nuclear
Renewables
Waste, Non-Renewable
Electricity
Primary Energy Intensity
Final Non-Energy Consumption
Final Energy Consumption
by Fuel/Product
Solid Fuels
Petroleum and Products
Gases
Solar
Biomass and Renewable Waste
Geothermal
Waste, Non-Renewable
Electricity
Derived heat
by Sector
Industry
Transport
Households
Services
Agriculture
Fishing
Other

211

EU Energy in Figures

1995
3.0
1.2

2000
3.1
1.1

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.2
0.5

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.2
0.8
0.0
3.4
0.2
0.2
2.4
0.1
0.8
0.8

3.1
0.2
0.1
2.3
0.5
0.8
0.8
0.0
-0.1
6.1
1.4
0.1
2.3
0.5
0.7
0.7
1.2
0.5

2005
3.5
1.2

2009
3.7
1.2

2010
3.7
1.2

2011
3.7
1.2

0.0

0.0

0.0
0.0
1.5
0.8
0.0
3.8
0.3
0.3
2.6

0.0
0.0
1.5
1.0
0.0
3.4
0.3
0.2
2.6

0.0
0.0
1.5
1.0
0.0
3.6
0.3
0.2
2.6

0.0
0.0
1.6
0.9
0.0
3.5
0.3
0.2
2.6

0.9
0.9

0.8
0.8
0.0
-0.3
7.1
1.4
0.2
2.6

0.9
0.9
0.0
-0.2
7.2
1.5
0.2
2.6

0.7
0.7
0.0
-0.1
7.3
1.5
0.2
2.6

0.0
7.3
1.5
0.3
2.6

-0.1
5.9
0.1
4.1

-0.1
6.4
1.3
0.2
2.4
0.1
0.8
0.8
1.2
0.8
0.0
-0.1
6.2
0.2
4.4

0.9
0.9
1.5
0.8
0.0
0.0
7.0
0.3
4.9

0.8
0.8
1.5
1.0
0.0
-0.3
6.9
0.2
4.8

0.9
0.9
1.5
1.1
0.0
-0.2
7.0
0.2
5.0

0.7
0.7
1.6
0.9
0.0
-0.1
7.1
0.1
5.0

0.1
2.1
0.6

0.1
2.2
0.6

0.1
2.4
0.7

0.3

0.4

0.4

0.8
0.2

0.9
0.2

0.0
1.1
0.2

0.1
2.5
0.6
0.0
0.5
0.0
0.0
1.0
0.2

0.0
2.4
0.6
0.0
0.6
0.0
0.0
1.0
0.2

0.1
2.5
0.6
0.0
0.5
0.0
0.0
1.1
0.2

1.2
1.3
1.2
0.4

1.4
1.2
1.1
0.5
0.1

1.6
1.5
1.2
0.5
0.1

1.2
1.8
1.2
0.5
0.1

1.3
1.8
1.3
0.5
0.1

1.2
1.9
1.2
0.5
0.1

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Methodology, Sources and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 5

Mtoe, unless otherwise stated


1995
2000
2005
Installed Capacity GW
Combustible Fuels
1.1
1.1
1.4
Nuclear
0.7
0.7
0.7
Hydro
0.8
0.8
1.0
Gross Electricity Generation TWh
12.9
13.6
15.1
by Fuel
Solid Fuels
4.6
4.6
5.3
Petroleum and Products
0.3
0.1
0.0
Gases
0.0
0.3
0.3
Nuclear
4.8
4.8
5.9
Renewables
3.3
3.9
3.6
by Type
Main Activity Electricity Only
8.5
9.1
9.8
Main Activity CHP Plants
3.9
3.9
4.7
Autoproducer Electricity Only
0.2
0.2
0.2
Autoproducer CHP Plants
0.4
0.5
0.4
Cogeneration Heat and Power
CHP Electrical Capacity GW
0.3
CHP Electricity Generation TWh
1.1
CHP inTotal Electricity Generation %
7.3%
CHP Heat Production PJ
15.0
Transport Fuels ktoe
Final Consumption
1314
1217
1458
Petroleum Products
Motor Gasoline
863
843
684
Gas/Diesel Oil
430
348
750
Final Consumption Biofuels
Biogasoline
Biodiesel
Main Energy Indicators
Energy Intensity toe/M'05
312
267
254
Energy per Capita kgoe/cap
3049
3230
3649
Final Electricity p/cap KWh/cap
4698
5289
6368
Primary Efficiency toe/M'05
306
257
243
Import Dependency %
50.8% 52.6% 52.3%
of Solid Fuels
13.6% 18.7% 21.0%
of Hard Coal
100.0% 100.6% 93.7%
of Petroleum Fuels
97.8% 101.5% 101.3%
of Crude and NGL
95.9% 86.9%
of Natural Gas
100.6% 99.3% 99.6%
RES of the Gross Final Energy %
Overall RES with Aviation Cap
RES-H&C Heating and Cooling
RES-E Electricity Generation
RE-T Transport
Gases Emissions mio ton CO2
CO2 Emissions
15
15
17
GHGs Emissions
19
19
20
Main Emissions Indicators
7585
7688
8405
CO2 per Capita kg CO2/cap
2488
2380
2303
Carbon Intensity kg CO2/toe
776
636
585
CO2 GDP Intensity ton CO2/M'05
Methodology, Sources and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 5

2009

2010

2011

1.3
0.7
1.1
16.4

1.3
0.7
1.3
16.4

1.3
0.7
1.3
16.1

5.1
0.0
0.6
5.7
4.9

5.3
0.0
0.5
5.7
4.9

5.3
0.0
0.5
6.2
4.0

11.0
4.9
0.2
0.3

10.8
5.2
0.2
0.3

10.6
5.1
0.2
0.2

0.3
1.0
6.2%
11.2

0.3
1.1
6.9%
11.6

0.3
1.1
7.1%
11.0

1725

1734

1878

621
1071
30
2
28

593
1109
45
3
42

595
1251
35
4
31

230
231
3485
3537
5531
5840
222
224
48.1% 49.4%
17.9% 19.2%
86.5% 101.4%
98.3% 100.5%

230
3540
6141
226
48.4%
17.5%
93.3%
99.5%

99.7%

99.3%

99.8%

19.0%
24.9%
33.8%
2.0%

19.9%
26.6%
32.2%
2.9%

18.8%
27.3%
30.8%
2.1%

16
20

16
20

7949
2281
524

7934
2243
518

212

PART 5 Country Profiles

PART 5 Country Profiles

EU Energy in Figures

5.24.Slovakia

5.24.Slovakia

Slovakia

Slovakia
Mtoe, unless otherwise stated
Production
Solid Fuels
of which Hard Coal
Petroleum and Products
of which Crude and NGL
Gases
of which Natural Gas
Nuclear
Renewables
Waste, Non-Renewable
Net Imports
Solid Fuels
of which Hard Coal
Petroleum and Products
of which Crude and NGL
Gases
of which Natural Gas
Renewables
Electricity
Gross Inland Consumption
Solid Fuels
of which Hard Coal
Petroleum and Products
of which Crude and NGL
Gases
of which Natural Gas
Nuclear
Renewables
Waste, Non-Renewable
Electricity
Primary Energy Intensity
Final Non-Energy Consumption
Final Energy Consumption
by Fuel/Product
Solid Fuels
Petroleum and Products
Gases
Solar
Biomass and Renewable Waste
Geothermal
Waste, Non-Renewable
Electricity
Derived heat
by Sector
Industry
Transport
Households
Services
Agriculture
Fishing
Other

213

EU Energy in Figures

1995
5.1
1.0

2000
6.4
1.0

2005
6.7
0.6

2009
6.1
0.7

2010
6.3
0.6

2011
6.6
0.6

0.1
0.1
0.3
0.3
3.0
0.5
0.2
12.4
4.1
3.1
3.6
5.3
4.5
4.5

0.2
0.1
0.1
0.1
4.3
0.5
0.3
11.7
3.4
3.1
2.8
5.4
5.7
5.7

0.1
18.0
5.4
3.3
3.6
5.2
5.2
5.2
3.0
0.5
0.2
0.1
16.8
1.2
10.7

-0.2
18.0
4.3
3.0
3.1
5.5
5.8
5.8
4.3
0.5
0.3
-0.2
16.3
1.6
10.6

0.4
0.0
0.1
0.1
4.6
0.9
0.1
12.5
3.7
3.5
3.3
5.5
5.7
5.7
0.0
-0.3
19.1
4.2
3.3
3.8
5.6
5.9
5.9
4.6
0.8
0.1
-0.3
17.6
1.5
11.1

0.4
0.0
0.1
0.1
3.7
1.2
0.0
11.2
3.2
2.9
3.0
5.6
4.8
4.8
0.0
0.1
16.8
3.9
2.9
3.4
5.6
4.4
4.4
3.7
1.2
0.0
0.1
15.4
1.4
10.2

0.4
0.0
0.1
0.1
3.8
1.4
0.0
11.3
3.0
2.6
3.3
5.3
5.0
5.0
0.0
0.1
17.9
3.9
2.8
3.7
5.3
5.0
5.0
3.8
1.4
0.0
0.1
16.6
1.3
11.6

0.4
0.0
0.1
0.1
4.0
1.4
0.0
11.2
3.0
2.7
3.2
5.9
4.9
4.9
0.0
0.1
17.4
3.7
2.7
3.6
5.9
4.6
4.6
4.0
1.4
0.0
0.1
16.0
1.4
10.8

2.4
1.6
3.9

1.5
1.7
4.5

0.1

0.1

0.1
1.9
0.7

0.2
1.9
0.6

1.3
2.2
4.3
0.0
0.3
0.0
0.0
2.0
1.0

1.5
2.0
3.3
0.0
0.6
0.0
0.0
2.0
0.8

1.6
2.3
4.1
0.0
0.6
0.0
0.0
2.1
0.9

1.5
2.2
3.5
0.0
0.6
0.0
0.0
2.1
0.8

4.3
1.4
2.0
2.7
0.3

4.1
1.5
2.6
2.2
0.2

4.2
2.4
2.5
1.8
0.2

3.6
2.4
2.1
1.9
0.1

4.4
2.7
2.3
2.1
0.1

4.3
2.7
2.1
1.6
0.2

Methodology, Sources and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 5

Mtoe, unless otherwise stated


1995
2000
2005
2009
Installed Capacity GW
Combustible Fuels
3.2
2.4
3.1
2.8
Nuclear
1.8
2.6
2.6
1.8
Hydro
2.3
2.4
2.5
2.5
Gross Electricity Generation TWh
26.8
31.2
31.5
26.2
by Fuel
Solid Fuels
6.5
5.6
5.5
3.9
Petroleum and Products
0.7
0.2
0.7
0.6
Gases
2.9
3.9
2.6
2.4
Nuclear
11.4
16.5
17.7
14.1
Renewables
5.2
5.0
4.8
5.1
by Type
Main Activity Electricity Only
20.5
23.9
5.4
9.9
Main Activity CHP Plants
4.6
5.7
23.6
14.2
Autoproducer Electricity Only
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.1
Autoproducer CHP Plants
1.7
1.6
2.3
2.0
Cogeneration Heat and Power
CHP Electrical Capacity GW
1.9
1.6
CHP Electricity Generation TWh
4.8
5.0
CHP inTotal Electricity Generation %
15.3% 19.2%
CHP Heat Production PJ
33.7
18.7
Transport Fuels ktoe
Final Consumption
1297
1376
1729
1753
Petroleum Products
Motor Gasoline
520
615
670
629
Gas/Diesel Oil
737
735
1005
1078
Final Consumption Biofuels
10
168
Biogasoline
34
Biodiesel
10
134
Main Energy Indicators
Energy Intensity toe/M'05
700
593
496
363
Energy per Capita kgoe/cap
3347
3329
3544
3102
Final Electricity p/cap KWh/cap
4052
4075
4242
4263
Primary Efficiency toe/M'05
655
540
456
333
Import Dependency %
68.9% 65.0% 65.4% 66.4%
of Solid Fuels
76.7% 80.2% 88.4% 83.0%
of Hard Coal
92.9% 103.8% 105.2% 100.7%
of Petroleum Fuels
100.7% 89.7% 88.4% 88.0%
of Crude and NGL
101.5% 97.6% 97.7% 99.8%
of Natural Gas
86.8% 98.8% 97.5% 108.6%
RES of the Gross Final Energy %
Overall RES with Aviation Cap
10.4%
RES-H&C Heating and Cooling
8.5%
RES-E Electricity Generation
17.8%
RE-T Transport
9.2%
Gases Emissions mio ton CO2
CO2 Emissions
45
41
43
36
GHGs Emissions
53
49
51
44
Main Emissions Indicators
8387
7668
7936
6677
CO2 per Capita kg CO2/cap
2506
2304
2239
2152
Carbon Intensity kg CO2/toe
1755
1367
1111
781
CO2 GDP Intensity ton CO2/M'05
Methodology, Sources and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 5

2010

2011

3.5
1.8
2.5
27.9

3.4
1.9
2.5
28.7

3.6
0.6
2.7
14.6
6.3

3.6
0.6
3.6
15.4
5.4

10.6
15.2
0.1
1.9

9.7
16.5
0.5
2.0

2.8
4.4
15.9%
20.1

2.5
7.0
24.5%
26.2

2048

2006

621
1383
164
31
133

582
1349
172
32
140

370
349
3296
3202
4445
4560
344
320
63.0% 64.2%
75.7% 81.8%
91.9% 98.0%
88.9% 90.2%
99.9% 100.2%
99.9% 104.8%
9.8%
8.0%
17.8%
7.8%
38
46
7028
2132
789

9.7%
9.6%
19.8%
0.4%

214

PART 5 Country Profiles

PART 5 Country Profiles

EU Energy in Figures

5.25.Finland

5.25.Finland

Finland

Finland
Mtoe, unless otherwise stated
Production
Solid Fuels
of which Hard Coal
Petroleum and Products
of which Crude and NGL
Gases
of which Natural Gas
Nuclear
Renewables
Waste, Non-Renewable
Net Imports
Solid Fuels
of which Hard Coal
Petroleum and Products
of which Crude and NGL
Gases
of which Natural Gas
Renewables
Electricity
Gross Inland Consumption
Solid Fuels
of which Hard Coal
Petroleum and Products
of which Crude and NGL
Gases
of which Natural Gas
Nuclear
Renewables
Waste, Non-Renewable
Electricity
Primary Energy Intensity
Final Non-Energy Consumption
Final Energy Consumption
by Fuel/Product
Solid Fuels
Petroleum and Products
Gases
Solar
Biomass and Renewable Waste
Geothermal
Waste, Non-Renewable
Electricity
Derived heat
by Sector
Industry
Transport
Households
Services
Agriculture
Fishing
Other

215

EU Energy in Figures

1995
13.1
2.0

2000
14.8
1.1

2005
16.6
2.1

2009
16.7
2.2

2010
17.5
1.8

2011
17.2
1.7

0.0

0.1

0.2

0.3

0.3

0.3

5.0
6.1
0.0
16.1
3.8
3.7
8.7
8.8
2.8
2.8

5.8
7.8
0.1
18.6
3.5
3.2
10.6
11.9
3.4
3.4

0.7
29.6
6.1
4.1
8.9
9.4
2.8
2.8
5.0
6.1
0.0
0.7
28.4
1.2
21.9

1.0
32.9
5.1
3.3
9.7
11.8
3.4
3.4
5.8
7.8
0.1
1.0
31.8
1.1
24.7

6.0
8.2
0.1
19.3
3.3
3.0
11.0
10.9
3.6
3.6
-0.1
1.5
35.1
4.9
2.9
10.9
11.2
3.6
3.6
6.0
8.1
0.1
1.5
33.7
1.3
25.5

6.1
7.9
0.1
18.7
3.9
3.7
10.2
11.8
3.5
3.5
0.1
1.0
34.4
5.3
3.3
10.3
12.0
3.5
3.5
6.1
8.0
0.1
1.0
32.8
1.6
24.2

5.9
9.4
0.1
18.2
4.0
3.7
9.6
11.6
3.8
3.8
-0.1
0.9
37.4
6.9
4.3
10.5
11.5
3.8
3.8
5.9
9.3
0.1
0.9
36.0
1.4
26.6

6.0
9.1
0.1
19.3
4.6
4.3
10.2
12.0
3.4
3.4
0.0
1.2
35.7
5.7
3.4
10.3
12.1
3.4
3.4
6.0
9.1
0.1
1.2
34.4
1.3
25.2

1.3
7.5
1.3
0.0
3.9

1.1
8.0
1.2
0.0
4.5

1.0
8.3
1.1
0.0
4.2

0.8
7.5
0.9
0.0
4.3

0.9
7.9
1.0
0.0
4.8

0.9
7.6
1.0
0.0
4.7

5.6
2.1

0.0
6.5
3.3

0.0
6.9
4.0

0.0
6.6
4.1

0.0
7.2
4.7

0.0
6.9
4.1

12.3
4.4
4.5
1.6
0.8
0.0
1.0

12.0
4.7
5.1
1.7
0.8
0.0
1.1

10.1
4.8
5.4
1.9
0.8
0.0
1.2

11.5
5.0
5.9
2.0
0.7
0.0
1.5

11.2
5.0
5.0
1.9
0.7
0.0
1.3

9.8
4.1
5.4
1.0
0.8
0.7

Methodology, Sources and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 5

Mtoe, unless otherwise stated


1995
2000
2005
2009
2010
2011
Installed Capacity GW
Combustible Fuels
9.3
10.7
10.7
10.4
10.6
10.6
Nuclear
2.3
2.6
2.7
2.7
2.7
2.7
Hydro
2.8
2.9
3.0
3.1
3.2
3.2
Gross Electricity Generation TWh
64.0
70.0
70.6
72.1
80.7
73.5
by Fuel
Solid Fuels
16.6
12.5
11.0
15.5
20.8
15.2
Petroleum and Products
1.4
0.6
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.4
Gases
7.2
10.8
11.9
10.3
11.8
10.0
Nuclear
19.2
22.5
23.3
23.5
22.8
23.2
Renewables
19.5
23.4
23.5
21.7
24.2
24.2
by Type
Main Activity Electricity Only
41.1
42.7
41.0
44.5
49.6
45.0
Main Activity CHP Plants
12.2
15.3
18.4
17.6
20.0
17.8
Autoproducer Electricity Only
0.6
2.0
2.1
1.8
1.8
1.9
Autoproducer CHP Plants
10.1
9.9
9.0
8.2
9.2
8.7
Cogeneration Heat and Power
CHP Electrical Capacity GW
5.8
5.8
6.2
6.2
CHP Electricity Generation TWh
27.5
25.8
29.2
26.6
CHP inTotal Electricity Generation %
38.9% 35.8% 36.2% 36.2%
CHP Heat Production PJ
250.0
240.2
272.8
255.0
Transport Fuels ktoe
Final Consumption
4075
4291
4659
4558
4737
4775
Petroleum Products
Motor Gasoline
1983
1792
1881
1635
1601
1523
Gas/Diesel Oil
1638
1932
2161
2227
2403
2426
Final Consumption Biofuels
145
142
197
Biogasoline
87
80
88
Biodiesel
59
63
109
Main Energy Indicators
Energy Intensity toe/M'05
270
238
223
216
228
212
Energy per Capita kgoe/cap
5786
6360
6684
6434
6978
6635
Final Electricity p/cap KWh/cap 12768 14620 15390 14437 15564 14895
Primary Efficiency toe/M'05
260
230
214
206
219
204
Import Dependency %
53.9% 55.3% 54.2% 54.0% 48.3% 53.8%
of Solid Fuels
63.4% 68.9% 67.7% 73.3% 57.8% 80.9%
of Hard Coal
89.0% 97.7% 102.6% 109.8% 85.5% 126.2%
of Petroleum Fuels
94.7% 101.9% 96.4% 96.5% 89.3% 97.2%
of Crude and NGL
94.1% 101.5% 97.5% 98.2% 101.1% 98.9%
of Natural Gas
100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0%
RES of the Gross Final Energy %
Overall RES with Aviation Cap
32.0% 33.0% 31.7%
RES-H&C Heating and Cooling
43.3% 44.4% 44.3%
RES-E Electricity Generation
27.2% 27.6% 29.2%
RE-T Transport
4.1%
3.9%
0.4%
Gases Emissions mio ton CO2
CO2 Emissions
60
60
59
58
66
GHGs Emissions
73
72
72
68
77
Main Emissions Indicators
11716 11578 11328 10778 12305
CO2 per Capita kg CO2/cap
2025
1820
1695
1675
1764
Carbon Intensity kg CO2/toe
547
433
377
362
402
CO2 GDP Intensity ton CO2/M'05
Methodology, Sources and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 5

216

PART 5 Country Profiles

PART 5 Country Profiles

EU Energy in Figures

5.26.Sweden

5.26.Sweden

Sweden

Sweden
Mtoe, unless otherwise stated
Production
Solid Fuels
of which Hard Coal
Petroleum and Products
of which Crude and NGL
Gases
of which Natural Gas
Nuclear
Renewables
Waste, Non-Renewable
Net Imports
Solid Fuels
of which Hard Coal
Petroleum and Products
of which Crude and NGL
Gases
of which Natural Gas
Renewables
Electricity
Gross Inland Consumption
Solid Fuels
of which Hard Coal
Petroleum and Products
of which Crude and NGL
Gases
of which Natural Gas
Nuclear
Renewables
Waste, Non-Renewable
Electricity
Primary Energy Intensity
Final Non-Energy Consumption
Final Energy Consumption
by Fuel/Product
Solid Fuels
Petroleum and Products
Gases
Solar
Biomass and Renewable Waste
Geothermal
Waste, Non-Renewable
Electricity
Derived heat
by Sector
Industry
Transport
Households
Services
Agriculture
Fishing
Other

217

EU Energy in Figures

1995
31.4
0.2

2000
30.1
0.2

2005
34.3
0.2

2009
30.0
0.2

2010
33.2
0.2

2011
32.2
0.2

0.0

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.0
0.0
0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

18.0
12.8
0.2
19.3
2.8
2.4
15.9
18.1
0.8
0.8

14.8
14.7
0.3
19.2
2.4
2.1
15.6
20.7
0.8
0.8

18.7
14.8
0.5
20.2
2.6
2.2
17.4
20.2
0.8
0.8

13.5
15.8
0.5
17.8
1.4
1.3
14.9
19.2
1.1
1.1

14.9
17.4
0.5
19.6
2.5
2.3
15.4
19.9
1.5
1.5

15.6
15.7
0.5
18.8
2.4
2.1
15.9
18.8
1.2
1.2

-0.1
50.3
2.9
2.3
15.7
18.2
0.8
0.8
18.0
12.8
0.2
-0.1
48.3
2.0
34.9

0.4
47.7
2.5
2.0
14.1
20.6
0.8
0.8
14.8
14.7
0.3
0.4
45.9
1.7
34.9

-0.6
51.7
2.6
2.1
14.9
20.1
0.9
0.8
18.7
14.8
0.5
-0.6
49.4
2.3
33.6

0.4
45.7
1.9
1.7
12.6
19.5
1.1
1.1
13.5
15.8
0.5
0.4
44.0
1.8
31.5

0.2
51.5
2.5
2.0
14.5
20.1
1.5
1.5
14.9
17.4
0.5
0.2
49.4
2.1
34.5

-0.6
49.5
2.5
2.1
14.6
18.7
1.2
1.2
15.6
15.7
0.5
-0.6
47.6
1.9
32.2

1.2
13.8
0.6
0.0
5.1

1.1
13.2
0.7
0.0
5.3

1.3
11.4
0.8
0.0
4.7

0.7
9.8
0.6
0.0
5.5

1.2
10.1
0.7
0.0
6.1

1.2
10.2
0.7
0.0
5.2

0.0
10.7
3.5

11.1
3.6

11.2
4.2

10.6
4.3

11.3
5.1

10.7
4.1

13.8
7.7
7.7
4.8
0.8
0.1
0.0

14.3
8.1
7.3
4.4
0.7
0.0
0.0

12.6
8.6
7.3
4.3
0.7
0.0
0.0

11.0
8.5
6.9
4.2
0.7
0.0
0.0

12.6
8.7
7.6
5.0
0.6
0.0
0.0

11.1
9.1
7.0
4.5
0.4
0.0

Methodology, Sources and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 5

Mtoe, unless otherwise stated


1995
2000
2005
2009
2010
2011
Installed Capacity GW
Combustible Fuels
7.3
7.5
7.1
8.3
8.7
6.5
Nuclear
10.1
9.5
9.5
8.8
9.0
9.3
Hydro
16.2
16.5
16.3
16.7
16.7
16.5
Gross Electricity Generation TWh 148.4
145.3
158.4
136.7
148.6
150.4
by Fuel
Solid Fuels
2.4
1.7
1.2
1.2
1.8
1.3
Petroleum and Products
3.9
1.5
1.4
0.7
1.8
0.8
Gases
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.9
3.8
2.3
Nuclear
69.9
57.3
72.4
52.2
57.8
60.5
Renewables
70.6
83.2
81.3
79.9
82.2
84.2
by Type
Main Activity Electricity Only
134.9
136.2
146.4
120.8
128.1
133.1
Main Activity CHP Plants
6.0
4.8
7.1
10.4
13.9
11.2
Autoproducer Electricity Only
3.5
0.4
0.3
0.0
0.0
0.0
Autoproducer CHP Plants
3.9
3.8
4.7
5.6
6.6
6.0
Cogeneration Heat and Power
CHP Electrical Capacity GW
3.5
4.5
5.1
4.0
CHP Electricity Generation TWh
10.7
14.3
18.5
15.1
CHP inTotal Electricity Generation %
6.7% 10.5% 12.5% 10.0%
CHP Heat Production PJ
132.7
161.4
187.2
171.5
Transport Fuels ktoe
Final Consumption
7444
7803
8194
7922
8020
8347
Petroleum Products
Motor Gasoline
4467
4180
4140
3619
3383
3125
Gas/Diesel Oil
2085
2653
3133
3365
3651
4240
Final Consumption Biofuels
135
361
380
418
Biogasoline
128
198
203
202
Biodiesel
7
162
177
216
Main Energy Indicators
Energy Intensity toe/M'05
229
182
173
151
159
148
Energy per Capita kgoe/cap
5700
5372
5730
4918
5493
5240
Final Electricity p/cap KWh/cap 14112 14509 14474 13269 13991 13189
Primary Efficiency toe/M'05
220
176
166
145
153
142
Import Dependency %
37.6% 39.2% 37.7% 37.1% 36.7% 36.8%
of Solid Fuels
95.4% 98.2% 97.2% 70.2% 102.2% 94.4%
of Hard Coal
101.5% 107.7% 104.3% 77.6% 115.2% 101.0%
of Petroleum Fuels
95.3% 100.8% 103.8% 101.8% 93.7% 98.6%
of Crude and NGL
99.3% 100.6% 100.4% 98.3% 99.0% 100.5%
of Natural Gas
100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0%
RES of the Gross Final Energy %
Overall RES with Aviation Cap
49.4% 49.1% 46.8%
RES-H&C Heating and Cooling
68.1% 66.2% 64.5%
RES-E Electricity Generation
58.3% 56.0% 59.6%
RE-T Transport
7.3%
7.7%
8.8%
Gases Emissions mio ton CO2
CO2 Emissions
64
61
62
56
62
GHGs Emissions
79
76
76
69
75
Main Emissions Indicators
7227
6856
6850
6017
6575
CO2 per Capita kg CO2/cap
1268
1276
1196
1223
1197
Carbon Intensity kg CO2/toe
290
233
207
184
191
CO2 GDP Intensity ton CO2/M'05
Methodology, Sources and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 5

218

PART 5 Country Profiles

PART 5 Country Profiles

EU Energy in Figures

5.27. United Kingdom

5.27. United Kingdom

United Kingdom

United Kingdom
Mtoe, unless otherwise stated
Production
Solid Fuels
of which Hard Coal
Petroleum and Products
of which Crude and NGL
Gases
of which Natural Gas
Nuclear
Renewables
Waste, Non-Renewable
Net Imports
Solid Fuels
of which Hard Coal
Petroleum and Products
of which Crude and NGL
Gases
of which Natural Gas
Renewables
Electricity
Gross Inland Consumption
Solid Fuels
of which Hard Coal
Petroleum and Products
of which Crude and NGL
Gases
of which Natural Gas
Nuclear
Renewables
Waste, Non-Renewable
Electricity
Primary Energy Intensity
Final Non-Energy Consumption
Final Energy Consumption
by Fuel/Product
Solid Fuels
Petroleum and Products
Gases
Solar
Biomass and Renewable Waste
Geothermal
Waste, Non-Renewable
Electricity
Derived heat
by Sector
Industry
Transport
Households
Services
Agriculture
Fishing
Other

219

EU Energy in Figures

1995
254.5
32.1
32.1
133.8
133.6
63.7
63.7
22.9
1.8
0.2
-36.4
10.5
10.3
-49.0
-43.4
0.6
0.6

2000
270.1
18.7
18.7
129.5
129.4
97.6
97.6
21.9
2.3
0.2
-39.7
14.5
14.4
-46.0
-42.3
-9.3
-9.3
1.2
231.7
36.5
36.6
82.2
88.2
87.4
87.4
21.9
2.3
0.2
1.2
220.4
11.3
152.6

2005
203.9
11.9
11.9
87.5
87.5
79.4
79.4
21.1
3.5
0.6
31.7
27.2
26.7
-2.7
-0.2
6.0
6.0
0.4
0.7
233.9
37.7
37.3
84.4
87.1
85.5
85.5
21.1
4.0
0.6
0.7
222.5
11.4
152.3

2009
157.8
10.4
10.4
70.3
70.2
53.7
53.7
17.8
5.1
0.5
54.9
23.0
23.0
5.9
5.9
24.7
24.7
1.1
0.2
207.0
29.6
29.6
74.5
76.6
78.1
78.1
17.8
6.2
0.5
0.2
198.7
8.2
136.7

2010
148.0
10.8
10.8
64.2
64.0
51.5
51.5
16.0
5.2
0.4
60.2
15.4
15.7
11.0
9.4
32.0
32.0
1.5
0.2
212.2
30.2
30.6
73.9
73.6
84.8
84.8
16.0
6.7
0.4
0.2
203.9
8.3
142.5

2011
129.2
10.9
10.9
53.0
52.8
40.8
40.8
17.8
6.3
0.4
72.4
19.7
20.0
19.7
21.4
31.0
31.0
1.5
0.5
198.8
30.6
31.3
71.4
74.8
70.2
70.2
17.8
7.8
0.4
0.5
190.7
8.0
132.0

1.4
221.9
47.2
47.1
83.2
91.1
65.1
65.1
22.9
1.8
0.2
1.4
209.4
12.5
142.0
8.2
60.4
47.1
0.0
0.9
0.0
0.1
25.3

6.0
63.0
52.2
0.0
0.6
0.0
0.0
28.3
2.4

4.6
65.4
50.4
0.0
0.6
0.0
0.1
30.0
1.3

4.1
60.2
41.6
0.1
1.8
0.0
0.1
27.7
1.2

4.0
59.9
46.9
0.1
2.1
0.0
0.1
28.3
1.3

3.7
58.8
38.6
0.1
2.1
0.0
0.1
27.3
1.3

34.9
47.1
39.3
16.3
1.3

36.9
52.3
43.0
16.8
1.1

33.4
55.1
44.2
16.7
0.9

27.5
52.5
39.8
14.6
0.9

28.3
52.0
44.6
15.0
0.9

27.6
52.1
35.8
14.1
0.9

3.2

2.4

2.0

1.5

1.6

1.5

Methodology, Sources and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 5

Mtoe, unless otherwise stated


1995
Installed Capacity GW
Combustible Fuels
52.9
Nuclear
12.8
Hydro
4.2
Gross Electricity Generation TWh 334.0
by Fuel
Solid Fuels
153.8
Petroleum and Products
17.3
Gases
65.1
Nuclear
89.0
Renewables
8.4
by Type
Main Activity Electricity Only
310.3
Main Activity CHP Plants
0.0
Autoproducer Electricity Only
9.3
Autoproducer CHP Plants
14.5
Cogeneration Heat and Power
CHP Electrical Capacity GW
CHP Electricity Generation TWh
CHP inTotal Electricity Generation %
CHP Heat Production PJ
Transport Fuels ktoe
Final Consumption
46396
Petroleum Products
Motor Gasoline
23071
Gas/Diesel Oil
15214
Final Consumption Biofuels
Biogasoline
Biodiesel
Main Energy Indicators
Energy Intensity toe/M'05
165
Energy per Capita kgoe/cap
3824
Final Electricity p/cap KWh/cap
5079
Primary Efficiency toe/M'05
155
Import Dependency %
-16.2%
of Solid Fuels
22.2%
of Hard Coal
21.8%
of Petroleum Fuels
-57.1%
of Crude and NGL
-47.7%
of Natural Gas
1.0%
RES of the Gross Final Energy %
Overall RES with Aviation Cap
RES-H&C Heating and Cooling
RES-E Electricity Generation
RE-T Transport
Gases Emissions mio ton CO2
CO2 Emissions
577
GHGs Emissions
735
Main Emissions Indicators
9950
CO2 per Capita kg CO2/cap
2602
Carbon Intensity kg CO2/toe
428
CO2 GDP Intensity ton CO2/M'05

2000

2005

2009

2010

2011

61.2
12.5
4.3
377.1

64.7
11.9
4.3
398.4

67.9
10.9
4.4
376.8

73.0
10.9
4.4
381.8

71.3
10.7
4.4
367.8

120.0
8.4
150.4
85.1
12.7

134.6
5.3
154.3
81.6
19.9

103.0
6.0
167.9
69.1
28.9

107.7
4.8
176.8
62.1
29.0

108.6
3.7
148.0
69.0
37.3

337.7
0.0
12.6
26.8

353.0
0.0
18.2
27.2

334.8
0.0
17.0
25.0

339.9
0.0
16.5
25.3

324.3
0.0
17.7
25.8

5.4
27.2
6.8%
185.2

5.7
24.5
6.5%
155.9

6.1
23.6
6.2%
155.5

6.1
23.2
6.3%
153.9

51565

54651

51197

50556

50655

22703
17630

19701
21351
80
54
25

16246
22158
970
162
808

15546
22637
1127
319
809

14814
22906
1045
330
715

145
3935
5594
138
-17.0%
39.6%
39.4%
-54.6%
-48.0%
-10.7%

127
3883
5789
120
13.4%
72.1%
71.5%
-3.1%
-0.2%
7.0%

111
3349
5207
106
26.2%
77.7%
77.7%
7.6%
7.7%
31.6%

112
3409
5281
107
28.1%
51.2%
51.4%
14.5%
12.7%
37.7%

104
3169
5069
99
36.0%
64.1%
63.7%
26.8%
28.6%
44.2%

3.0%
1.7%
6.6%
2.6%

3.3%
1.8%
7.4%
3.0%

3.8%
2.2%
8.7%
2.9%

587
707

597
698

525
616

540
631

9960
2531
368

9908
2551
323

8491
2535
281

8666
2543
284

Methodology, Sources and Notes: See Appendix 13 No 5

Appendices

Appendices

223

Summary
Appendices Methodology

Appendix 1 Country Nomenclature

224

224

225

Appendix 3 Main Indicators DE

226

Appendix 4 Main Indicators FR

227

Appendix 5 Main Products EN

228

Appendix 6 Main Products DE

229

Appendix 7 Main Products FR

230

Appendix 2 Main Indicators EN

Appendix 8 Symbols and Abbreviations


Appendix 9 SI Units Prefixes

231

232

Appendix 10 Conversion Factors

Appendix 11 Average Calorific Values


Appendices Glossary

234

235

Appendix 12 Glossary
Appendices Notes

233

235

246

Appendix 13 Notes

246

224

Appendices Methodology

Appendices Methodology
Appendix 1

Appendix 2

Country Nomenclature

Main Indicators EN

Main Indicators EN

Interinstitutional
Style Guide (ISG)
Country Code

ISG
Short Name EN

ISG
Short Name,
Source
Language

ISG Protocol
Order

ISO 3166
Alpha-2
Country Codes

Eurostat
Partner Code

Eurostat
Sirene
Numeric Code

Country nomenclature

BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK

Belgium
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Denmark
Germany
Estonia
Ireland
Greece
Spain
France
Italy
Cyprus
Latvia
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Hungary
Malta
Netherlands
Austria
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Slovenia
Slovakia
Finland
Sweden
United Kingdom

Belgique/Belgi
Bulgaria*
esk republika
Danmark
Deutschland
Eesti
ire/Ireland
Ellda*
Espaa
France
Italia
Kpros*
Latvija
Lietuva
Luxembourg
Magyarorszg
Malta
Nederland
sterreich
Polska
Portugal
Romnia
Slovenija
Slovensko
Suomi/Finland
Sverige
United Kingdom

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27

BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
GR
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
GB

0012
0068
0061
0008
0004
0053
0007
0009
0042
0001
0005
0600
0055
0054
0022
0064
0085
0003
0038
0060
0040
0066
0091
0063
0032
0030
0006

09
82
22
10
04
85
12
11
15
06
07
21
24
25
13
23
27
08
16
87
14
83
86
26
18
17
05

* Latin Transliteration
EU Interinstitutional Style Guide (ISG): http://publications.europa.eu/code/
Eurostat (ESTAT) Website: http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page/portal/eurostat/home/
ISO 3166 Country Codes Maintenance Agency: http://www.iso.org/iso/country_codes/iso_3166_code_lists.htm

Eurostat Sirene
Energy database
Indicator Code
B_100100
B_100200
B_100300
B_100400
B_100500
B_100600
B_101700
B_100800
B_100900
B_101000
B_101100
B_101200
B_101300
B_101400
B_101500
B_101700
B_101800
B_101805
B_101815
B_101820
B_101825
B_101830
B_101835
B_101840
B_101851
B_101852
B_101900
B_101910
B_101920
B_101930
B_101940
B_102000
B_102010
B_102030
B_102035
B_102020
B_102040
B_102200

EN
Primary production
Recovered products
Imports
Stock Changes
Exports
Net imports
Final energy consumption
Bunkers
Gross inland consumption
Transformation input
Transformation output
Exchanges, Transfers, Returns
Consumption in Energy Sector
Distribution Losses
Energy available for final consumption
Final Energy Consumption
Final Energy Consumption Industry
Iron and Steel
Chemical and Petrochemical
Non-Metallic Minerals
Mining and Quarrying
Food and Tobacco
Textile and Leather
Paper, Pulp and Print
Wood and Wood Products
Construction
Final energy consumption transport
Final energy consumption rail transport
Final energy consumption road transport
Final energy consumption air transport
Final energy consumption inland navigation
Final energy consumption households, commerce, etc
Residential
Final energy consumption agriculture
Final energy consumption services
Final energy consumption fisheries
Final energy consumption other sectors
Statistical Difference

Source: Coded, Eurostats Concepts and Definitions Database


http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/ramon/index.cfm?TargetUrl=DSP_PUB_WELC

225

226

Appendices Methodology

Appendices Methodology
Appendix 3

Appendix 4

Main Indicators DE

Main Indicators FR

Main Indicators DE

Main Indicators FR

Eurostat Sirene
Energy database
Indicator Code
B_100100
B_100200
B_100300
B_100400
B_100500
B_100600
B_101700
B_100800
B_100900
B_101000
B_101100
B_101200
B_101300
B_101400
B_101500
B_101700
B_101800
B_101805
B_101810
B_101815
B_101820

Eurostat Sirene
Energy database
Indicator Code
B_100100
B_100200
B_100300
B_100400
B_100500
B_100600
B_101700
B_100800
B_100900
B_101000
B_101100
B_101200
B_101300
B_101400
B_101500
B_101700
B_101800
B_101805
B_101810
B_101815
B_101820
B_101825
B_101830
B_101835
B_101840
B_101851
B_101852
B_101900
B_101910
B_101920
B_101930
B_101940
B_102000
B_102010
B_102030
B_102035
B_102020
B_102040
B_102200

B_101825
B_101830
B_101835
B_101840
B_101851
B_101852
B_101900
B_101910
B_101920
B_101930
B_101940
B_102000
B_102010
B_102030
B_102035
B_102020
B_102040
B_102200

DE
Primrerzeugung
Wiedergewinnung
Gesamteinfuhren
Bestandsvernderungen
Gesamtausfuhren
Nettoeinfuhren
Energetischer Endverbrauch
Bunker
Bruttoinlandsverbrauch
Umwandlungseinsatz
Umwandlungsaussto
Austausch, bertragung, Rcklufe
Verbrauch des Produktionsbereichs Energie
Netzverluste
Fr den Endverbrauch zur Verfgung stehende Energie
Energetischer Endverbrauch
Energetischer Endverbrauch der Industrie
Energetischer Endverbrauch der Stahlindustrie
Energetischer Endverbrauch der NE-Metallindustrie
Energetischer Endverbrauch der chemischen Industrie
Energetischer Endverbrauch der chemischen Industrie
Energetischer Endverbrauch der Nahrungsund Genussmittelindustrie
Energetischer Endverbrauch der Nahrungsund Genussmittelindustrie
Energetischer Endverbrauch der Textil-,
Lederwaren-und Bekleidungsindustrie
Energetischer Endverbrauch der Papier- und Druckindustrie
Energetischer Endverbrauch der Holz
Energetischer Endverbrauch Baugewerbe
Energetischer Endverbrauch im Verkehrssektor
Energetischer Endverbrauch des Bahnverkehrs
Energetischer Endverbrauch des Strassenverkehrs
Energetischer Endverbrauch des Luftverkehrs
Energetischer Endverbrauch der Binnenschifffahrt
Energetischer Endverbrauch der Privathaushalte, des Handels usw..
Energetischer Endverbrauch der Privathaushalte
Energetischer Endverbrauch der Landwirtschaft
Energetischer Endverbrauch des Dienstleistungssektors
Energetischer Endverbrauch des Fischereisektors
Energetischer Endverbrauch anderer Sektoren
Statistische Differenz

Source: Coded, Eurostat Datenbank fr Konzepte und Begriffe


http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/ramon/index.cfm?TargetUrl=DSP_PUB_WELC

FR
Production primaire
Rcupration
Importations totales
Variations de stocks
Exportations totales
Importations nettes
Consommation finale nergtique
Soutes maritimes
Consommation intrieure brute
Entres en transformation
Sorties de transformation
changes, transferts, restitutions
Consommation de la branche nergie
Pertes sur les rseaux
Disponible pour la consommation finale
Consommation finale nergtique
Consommation finale nergtique industrie
Consommation finale nergtique sidrurgie
Consommation finale nergtique mtaux non ferreux
Consommation finale nergtique Chimie
Consommation finale nergtique Chimie
Consommation finale nergtique alimentation, boissons, tabac
Consommation finale nergtique alimentation, boissons, tabac
Consommation finale nergtique textile, cuir, habillement
Consommation finale nergtique papier, carton, imprimerie
Consommation finale nergtique Bois
Consommation finale nergtique Construction
Consommation finale nergtique transports
Consommation finale nergtique transports ferroviaires
Consommation finale nergtique transports routiers
Consommation finale nergtique transports ariens
Consommation finale nergtique navigation intrieure
Consommation finale nergtique foyers, etc.
Consommation finale nergtique mnages
Consommation finale nergtique agriculture
Consommation finale nergtique services
Consommation finale nergtique pche
Consommation finale nergtique autres
cart statistique

Source: Coded, Base de Donnes de Concepts et Dfinitions dEurostat


http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/ramon/index.cfm?TargetUrl=DSP_PUB_WELC

227

228

Appendices Methodology

Appendices Methodology

Appendix 5

Appendix 6

Main Products EN

Main Products DE

Main Products EN

Main Products DE

Eurostat Sirene
Energy database
Product Code
0000
2000
2100
2111
2112
2120
2200
3000
3100
3105
3110
3190
3200
3220
3230
3234
3240
3250
3260
3270A
4000
4100
4200
5100
5200
5500
5510
5520
5530
5535
5540
5541
5542
55431
5545
5546
5547
5550
6000
7100

Eurostat Sirene
Energy database
Product Code
0000
2000
2100
2111
2112
2120
2200
3000
3100
3105
3110
3190
3200
3220
3230
3234
3240
3250
3260
3270A
4000
4100
4200
4100
5200
5500
5510
5520
5530
5535
5540
5541
5542
55431
5545
5546
5547
5550
6000
7100

EN
All products
Solid fuels
Hard coal & derivatives
Hard coal
Patent fuels
Coke
Lignite & derivatives
Total petroleum and products
Crude oil & feedstocks
Crude oil
Crude oil and NGL
Feedstocks
All petroleum products
LPG
Motor spirit
Motor gasoline, Unleaded motor spirit
Kerosenes jet fuels
Naphtha
Gas/diesel oil
Residual fuel oil
Gas
Natural gas
Derived gas
Nuclear power
Derived heat
Renewable energies
Hydro power
Wind energy
Solar energy
Tide/wave/ocean energy
Biomass & wastes
Wood & wood waste
Biogas
Municipal solid wastes RES
Biofuels
Biogasoline
Biodiesel
Geothermal energy
Electrical energy
Industrial waste

Source: Coded, Eurostats Concepts and Definitions Database


http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/ramon/index.cfm?TargetUrl=DSP_PUB_WELC

DE
Alle produkte
Feste Brennstoffe
Steinkohle und Nebenprodukte
Steinkohle
Steinkohlebriketts
Koks
Braunkohle und Nebenprodukte
Rohl und Minerallerzeugnisse
Rohl und Feedstocks
Rohl
Rohl und Erdgaskondensate
Feedstocks
Alle Minerallerzeugnisse
Flssiggas
Motorenbenzin
Unverbleites Benzin
Petroleum und Flugturbinenkraftstoffe
Rohbenzin
Dieselkraftstoffe und Destillatheizle
Rckstandsheizle
Gas
Naturgas
Abgeleitete Gase
Kernenergie
Abgeleitete Wrme
Erneuerbare Energien
Wasserkraftenergie
Windenergie
Sonnenenergie
Gezeiten-/ Wellen-/ Meeresenergie
Biomasse und Abflle
Holz und Holzabflle
Biogas
Hausmll Erneuerbare
Biotreibstoff
Biobenzin
Biodiesel
Geothermische Energie
Elektrizitt
Industrieabflle

Source: Coded, Eurostat Datenbank fr Konzepte und Begriffe


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229

230

Appendices Methodology

Appendices Methodology

Appendix 7

Appendix 8

Main Products FR

Symbols and Abbreviations

Main Products FR

Symbols and Abbreviations

Eurostat Sirene
Energy database
Product Code
0000
2000
2100
2111
2112
2120
2200
3000
3100
3105
3110
3190
3200
3220
3230
3234
3240
3250
3260
3270A
4000
4100
4200
5100
5200
5500
5510
5520
5530
5535
5540
5541
5542
55431
5545
5546
5547
5550
6000
7100

%
:

0
bbl
bcm
Blank
CHP
CO2
DG
EEA
equiv.
ESTAT
GCV
GDP
GHG
GJ
IEA
k
kgoe
ktoe
kton
kWh
LPG

FR
Tous produits
Combustibles solides
Houille et drivs solides
Houille
Agglomrs de houille
Coke
Lignite et drivs
Ptrole brut et produits ptroliers
Ptrole brut et feedstocks
Ptrole brut
Ptrole brut et Liquides de gaz naturel
Feedstocks
Tous produits ptroliers
GPL
Essences moteurs
Essences sans plomb
Ptrole lampant et carburacteurs
Naphta
Gasoil et fuel oil fluide
Fuel oil rsiduel
Gaz
Gaz naturel
Gaz drivs
nergie nuclaire
Chaleur drive
nergies renouvelables
Hydro-lectricit
nergie olienne
nergie solaire
nergie hydrocintique/houlomotrice/marmotrice
Biomasse/dchets
Bois dchets de bois
Biogaz
Dchets urbains solide renouvelables
Biocarburants
Bioessence
Biodiesel
nergie gothermique
nergie lectrique
Dchets industriels

Source: Coded, Base de Donnes de Concepts et Dfinitions dEurostat


http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/ramon/index.cfm?TargetUrl=DSP_PUB_WELC

M '2005
m3
mio
MS
MSW
Mtoe
MW
MWh
NCV
NGL
p/cap
PJ
PV
RES
RES-E
RES-H&C
RE-T
SI Units
TJ
toe
ton
TPES
TWh
UNFCCC
VAT

per cent
data not available
euro
zero or figure less than half of the unit represented
barrel
billion cubic meters
data not available
combined heat & power
carbon dioxide
Directorate-General of the European Commission
European Environment Agency
equivalent
Eurostat, Statistical Office of the European Union
gross calorific value
gross domestic product
greenhouse gas
gigajoule
International Energy Agency
thousand
kilogram of oil equivalent
kiloton of oil equivalent
kiloton
kilowatt hour
liquefied petroleum gas
millions of euro, chain-linked volumes,
reference year 2005, at 2005 exchange rates
cubic meter
million
European Union Member State
municipal solid waste
million ton of oil equivalent
megawatt
megawatt hour
net calorific value
natural gas liquid
per capita
petajoule
photovoltaic
renewable energy
renewable energy electricity generation
renewable energy heating and cooling
renewable energy transport
International System of Units
terajoule
ton of oil equivalent
metric ton, metric tonne, mt
Total Primary Energy Supply
terawatt hour
United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
value added tax

231

232

Appendices Methodology

Appendix 10

SI Units Prefixes

Conversion Factors

SI Units Prefixes

Conversion Factors

Standard Prefixes for the SI Units of Measure

Energy

Multiple
101
102
103
106
109
1012
1015
1018
1021
1024

233

Appendices Methodology

Appendix 9

deca (da)
hecto (h)
kilo (k)
mega (M)
giga (G)
tera (T)
peta (P)
exa (E)
zetta (Z)
yotta (Y)

10 -1
10 -2
10 -3
10 -6
10 -9
10 -12
10 -15
10 -18
10 -21
10 -24

Sub-multiple
deci (d)
centi (c)
milli (m)
micro ()
nano (n)
pico (p)
femto (f)
atto (a)
zepto (z)
yocto (y)

To:
Terajoule (TJ)
Gigacalorie (Gcal)
Million ton of oil
equivalent (Mtoe)
Gigawatt-hour GWh

TJ
multiply by
1
4.1868 x 10 -3

Gcal

Mtoe

GWh

238.8
1

2.388 x 10 -5
1 x 10 -7

0.2778
1.163 x 10 -3

4.1868 x 104

1 x 107

11630

3.6

860

8.6 x 10 -5

l
multiply by
1
158.99
3.7854
4.5461

bbl

gal US

gal UK

0.6290 x 10 -2
1
0.2381 x 10 -1
0.2859 x 10 -1

0.2642
42
1
1.2009

0.2200
34.9723
0.8327
1

Volume
To:
Litre (l)
Barrel (bbl)
US gallon (gal US)
UK gallon (gal UK)

Mass
To:
Ton, Tonne (t)
Long ton (lt) UK
Short ton (st) US

t
multiply by
1
1.0160
0.9072

lt

st

0.9842
1
0.8929

1.1023
1.1200
1

234

Appendices Methodology

Appendices Glossary

Appendix 11

Average Calorific Values

Glossary

Average Calorific Values

Glossary

Average Calorific Values, Energy Content

Hard Coal
Recovered Hard Coal
Patent Fuels
Hard Coke
Brown Coal
Black Lignite
Peat
Brown Coal Briquettes
Tar
Benzol
Oil Equivalent
Crude Oil
Feedstocks
Refinery Gas
LPG
Motor Spirit
Kerosenes, Jet Fuel
Naphtha
Gas Diesel Oil
Residual Fuel Oil
White Spirit
Lubricants
Bitumen
Petroleum Cokes
Other Petro. Products
Electrical Energy

235

Appendix 12

1 kg
1 kg
1 kg
1 kg
1 kg
1 kg
1 kg
1 kg
1 kg
1 kg
1 kg
1 kg
1 kg
1 kg
1 kg
1 kg
1 kg
1 kg
1 kg
1 kg
1 kg
1 kg
1 kg
1 kg
1 kg
1 kWh

kJ (NCV)
17 200 30 700
13 800 28 300
26 800 31 400
28 500
5 600 10 500
10 500 21 000
7 800 13 800
20 000
37 700
39 500
41 868
41 600 42 800
42 500
50 000
46 000
44 000
43 000
44 000
42 300
40 000
44 000
42 300
37 700
31 400
30 000
3 600

kgoe (NCV)
0.411 0.733
0.330 0.676
0.640 0.750
0.681
0.134 0.251
0.251 0.502
0.186 0.330
0.478
0.900
0.943
1
0.994 1.022
1.015
1.194
1.099
1.051
1.027
1.051
1.010
0.955
1.051
1.010
0.900
0.750
0.717
0.086

In parenthesis Eurostat Sirene/Eurobase, (Energy database) codes for


products (p:) and indicators (B_), as of June 2013.
All Fuels
The code all fuels, (p:0000), covers all energy products. These consist
of hard coal and derivatives, lignite and derivatives, peat and derivatives,
petroleum (crude oil) and petroleum products (such as LPG, refinery
gas, motor spirit, kerosene, gas/diesel oil, residual fuel oil), natural gas,
manufactured gases, derived heat, renewable energies (such as hydro
power, wind energy, biomass, wastes, geothermal energy), electrical
energy and nuclear power.
Annual Installed Capacity
Annual installed or new installed capacity of a given source refers to the
capacity entering in operation, during a year-long period.
Autoproducer Thermal Power Stations
Autoproducer thermal power stations are defined as undertakings which
generate electricity wholly or partly for their own use as an activity which
supports their primary activity.
Available for Final Consumption (Energy)
Energy available for final consumption covers the energy made available
to final users. This code is calculated as follows: gross inland consumption
(B_100900) + transformation output (B_101100) transformation input
(B_101000) + exchanges, transfers, returns (B_101200) consumption of
the energy sector (B_101300) distribution losses (B_101400).
Biofuels
Liquid or gaseous fuels used primarily for transport, produced from
biomass, and wastes (p:5545). Liquid biofuels cover bioethanol (ethanol
produced from biomass), biodiesel (diesel produced from biomass or used
cooking oil), biomethanol, biodimethylether and bio-oil (a pyrolysis oil fuel
produced from biomass).
The code biofuels (p:5545) includes biogasoline (p:5546), biodiesel (p:5547)
and other liquid biofuels (p:5548).

236

Appendices Glossary
Appendix 12

Glossary

Biomass and RES Wastes


Biomass and RES wastes (p:5540), covers organic, non-fossil material
of biological origin, which may be used for heat production or electricity
generation. They comprise wood and wood waste (p:5541), biogas
(p:5542), municipal RES solid waste (p:55431), charcoal (p:5544) and
biofuels (p:5545). The non-renewable part of municipal waste (p:55432)
and industrial waste (p:7100) are not included here.
Capacity Factor Annual Average
This is a measure of efficiency, which is defined as the ratio of actual energy
output of a source against its annual maximum potential output, or in
other words, the energy it would produce if operated at full rated power
for 24hours per day during a year. It is equal to the total annual energy
production, divided by the cumulative capacity converted to an average
statistical year base.
Carbon Energy Intensity
This is the average emission rate of CO2 relative to the intensity of the energy
activity. It is calculated, in the tables, in kg CO 2 emissions per ton of oil
equivalent of energy used.
Carbon GDP Intensity
The average emission rate of CO2 emissions of an economy relative to its GDP.
CHP Combined Heat and Power
A combined heat and power unit is an installation in which energy released
from fuel combustion is partly used for generating electrical energy and
partly for supplying heat for various purposes.
The definition of Combined Heat and Power (CHP) or cogeneration implies
that heat and electricity are produced simultaneously in one process.
CO 2 Energy Intensity
Vide Carbon Energy Intensity.
Conventional Thermal Power
This is a technology for the production of electricity by fuel combustion.
It may or may not include biomass use, which is also considered a renewable
source of electricity. Thermal power stations cover conventional public
utility power stations for the production of electricity and heat, as well as
in auto producer power stations for the generation of electricity and heat
sold to third parties only.

Appendices Glossary

237

Appendix 12

Glossary

Cumulative Installed Capacity


The running sum for consecutive periods of a given installed source. It
indicates the total capacity availability in each of those periods.
Electricity Mix
The electricity mix is the proportion of different sources in electricity
production. When energy mix is measured at gross inland consumption
level, electricity mix is measured at energy transformation level.
Energy Available for Final Consumption
Energy available for final consumption, (B_101500), covers the energy
made available to final users. This code is calculated as follows: gross inland
consumption + transformation output transformation input + exchanges,
transfers, returns consumption of the energy sector distribution
losses. It includes final non-energy consumption, (B_101600).
Energy Import Dependency
Energy dependency shows the extent to which a country relies upon
imports in order to meet its energy needs. It is calculated using the
following formula: net imports (B_100300B_100500) / (gross inland
consumption (B_100900) +bunkers (B_100800)).
Energy Intensity
Energy intensity gives an indication of how efficiently energy is being
used to produce added value. It is defined as the ratio of Gross Inland
Consumption of energy (B_100900), to Gross Domestic Product.
Energy Mix
The energy mix is the proportion of different sources in energy production,
supply side (gross inland consumption level).
Energy Sector Broad Definition
This includes includes the electricity, gas, steam, and air conditioning supply
sector as well as the energy commodities production activities, mining and
extraction, support activities and manufacture of energy products.
Energy Sector Narrow Definition
This includes includes the electricity, gas, steam, and air conditioning
supply sector.

238

Appendices Glossary
Appendix 12

Glossary

EUROBASE
The Eurostat dissemination database contains the full range of publically
available data from Eurostat. It also integrates data from the Sirene
Energy database.

Appendices Glossary

239

Appendix 12

Glossary

GHG Green Houses Gases


GHG includes gases that contribute to the natural greenhouse effect.
The Kyoto Protocol covers a basket of six greenhouse gases (GHGs)
produced by human activities: Carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide,
hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons and sulphur hexafluoride.

Final Energy Consumption (FEC)


Final energy consumption covers energy supplied to the final consumers
door for all energy uses, (B_101700). It excludes deliveries to the energy
transformation sector (B_101000) and to the energy industries
themselves (B_101300). It is the sum of final energy consumption by
industry (B_101800), transport (B_101900), household (B_102010),
services (B_102035), agriculture/forestry (B_102030), fishing (B_102020)
and other unspecified (B_102040).

Gross Calorific Value (GCV)


The gross calorific value is the total amount of heat released by a unit
quantity of fuel, when it is burned completely with oxygen, and when
the products of combustion are returned to ambient temperature. This
quantity includes the heat of condensation of any water vapour contained
in the fuel and of the water vapour formed by the combustion of any
hydrogen contained in the fuel.

Final Energy Consumption Transport


Final energy consumption transport, (B_101900), covers the consumption
in all types of transportation, i.e., rail, road, air transport and inland
navigation.

Gross Electricity Generation


The gross electricity generation is measured at the outlet of the main
transformers, i.e. the consumption of electricity in the plant auxiliaries and
in transformers is included.

Final Non-Energy Consumption (FNEC)


Final non-energy consumption covers the use of energy products for
non-energy purposes (B_101600). It is the sum of final non-energy
consumption in the chemical industry, (B_101601) and in non-chemical
industries (B_101602).

Gross Electricity Generation Penetration Level


Electricity penetration level refers to the fraction of gross electricity
production of a source, compared with the total gross electricity generation
of all sources.

Gases, Gaseous Fuels


Gases covers fossil natural gas and derived gases, coke oven gas (p:4210),
blast furnace gas (p:4220), gas work gas (p:4230), and oxygen steel
furnace gas (p:4240). Gases (p:4000) is the sum of natural gas (p:4100)
and derived gases (p:4200).
GDP Gross Domestic Product
The gross domestic product is the value of the output of all goods and
services produced within the borders of a country.
The income measure of gross domestic product (GDP) is derived as
compensation of employees plus gross operating surplus plus gross mixed
incomes plus taxes less subsidies on both production and imports.
GDP at Constant Market Prices
GDP values used were referenced to the year 2005 in millions of euro chainlinked volumes, (at 2005 exchange rates).

Gross Final Consumption of Energy


Gross final consumption of energy means the energy commodities
delivered for energy purposes, including the consumption of electricity and
heat, by the energy branch for electricity and heat production including
losses of electricity and heat in distribution. It excludes the final non
energy use (FNEC).
The gross (overall) final consumption of energy from renewable sources
is calculated as the sum of: (a) gross final consumption of electricity from
renewable energy sources; (b) gross final consumption of energy from
renewable sources for heating and cooling; and (c) final consumption of
energy from renewable sources in transport.
Gross Heat Produced
This is the total heat produced, including losses in the installations/network heat
exchanges, as well as heat from chemical processes used as the primary energy
form. Autoproducer heat used by the undertaking for its own processes is not
included here. Only heat sold to third parties should be reported.

240

Appendices Glossary

Appendices Glossary

Appendix 12

Glossary

Gross Inland Consumption (GIC)


Gross inland consumption represents the quantity of energy necessary
to satisfy inland consumption of the geographical entity under
consideration, (B_100900). It is calculated using the following formula:
primary production (B_100100) + recovered products (B_100200) +
imports (B_100300) + stock changes (B_100400) exports (B_100500)
international marine bunkers (B_100800).
Gross Installed (Electricity) Capacity
Covers the gross installed electrical capacity of thermal, nuclear, hydro,
geothermal, wind and any other type of power plants.
Intermittent Energy
An intermittent energy source is any source of energy that is not continuously
available due to factors outside the energy producers direct control. Solar,
wind and tide energy sources are considered intermittent. Due to tide
data disaggregation difficulties, the tables only consider solar and wind
energy sources.
ISIC
The International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic
Activities is a United Nations system for classifying economic activity
data, in the fields of production, employment, gross domestic product and
other statistical areas.

241

Appendix 12

Glossary

The data can be broken down along many dimensions including age, sex,
educational attainment, and distinctions between permanent/temporary
and full-time/part-time employment.
Long Scale Short Scale
The long and short scales are two of several different large-number
naming systems used for integer powers of ten.
Many countries, including most in continental Europe, use the long scale
whereas most English-speaking countries and Arabic-speaking countries
use the short scale.
In the long scale every new term greater than a million is a million times
the previous term. Thus, billion means a million millions, trillion means a
million billions, and so on.
In the short scale every new term greater than a million is 1000times
the previous term. Thus, billion means a thousand millions, trillion means
a thousand billions.

Name
million
billion
trillion

Long Scale
Value in
Scientific notation
106
1012
1018
to the next
multiply by 1000000

Short Scale
Value in
Scientific notation
106
109
1012
to the next
multiply by 1000

milliard, is used in several languages that use the long scale to represent a corresponding
value to billions in short scale, i.e. 10 9.

ISG
The Interinstitutional Style Guide is intended to serve as a reference
tool for written works for all European Union institutions, bodies and
organisations, representing an achievement in linguistic harmonisation.
Inhabitants
The group of persons fulfilling the requirements for legal permanent
residency in a region/country.
LFS
The EU Labour Force Survey (LFS) is a large sample survey among private
households which provides detailed annual and quarterly data on:
Employment, Unemployment and Inactivity.
The LFS is an important source of information about the situation and
trends in the EU labour market, with a sample size of about 1.5million
people every quarter.

NACE
NACE is the acronym used to designate the various statistical classifications
of economic activities developed since 1970 in the European Union.
It provides the framework for collecting and presenting a large range of
statistical data according to economic activity in the fields of economic
statistics (e.g. production, employment, national accounts) and in other
statistical domains.
Net Calorific Value (NCV)
The net calorific value is the amount of heat released by a unit quantity of fuel,
when it is burned completely with oxygen, and when the products of combustion
are returned to ambient temperature. This quantity does not include the heat of
condensation of any water vapour contained in the fuel nor of the water vapour
formed by the combustion of any hydrogen contained in the fuel.

242

Appendices Glossary
Appendix 12

Glossary

Net Imports
Net import is calculated as the difference between imports (B_100300)
and exports (B_100500).
Net Electricity Generation
This is the amount of gross generation a generator produces minus the
electricity used to operate the plant.
Petroleum and Products
Petroleum and (petroleum) sub-products include crude oil (p: 3105),
natural gas liquids (p:3106), feedstocks (p:3190) and all petroleum subproducts such as LPG (p:3220), refinery gas (p:3210), motor gasoline
(p:3234) aviation gasoline (p:3235), kerosene and jet fuels (p:3240),
naphtha (p:3250), gas/diesel oil (p:3260), residual fuel oil (p:3270A), white
spirit, lubricants, bitumen, petroleum coke (p:3280) and other petroleum
products (p:3295). Petroleum and petroleum products (p:3000) is the
sum of crude oil, NGL, feedstocks, & other hydrocarbon (p:3100) and all
petroleum sub-products (p:3200).
Primary Energy Intensity
Primary energy intensity corresponds to the Gross Inland consumption
minus the energy included in the final non-energy consumption.
Primary Energy Production
Any kind of extraction of energy products from natural sources to a
usable form is called primary production (B_100100). Primary production
takes place when the natural sources are exploited, for example in coal
mines, crude oil fields, hydro power plants or fabrication of biofuels.
Transformation of energy from one form to another, such as electricity or
heat generation in thermal power plants, or coke production in coke ovens,
is not included in primary production.
The precise definition depends on the fuel involved:
>Solid fossil fuels: Hard coal, lignite, peat 
Quantities of fuels extracted or produced, calculated after any
operation for removal of inert matter. In general, production includes
the quantities consumed by the producer during the production as well
as any quantities supplied to other on-site producers of energy for
transformation or other uses.

Appendices Glossary

243

Appendix 12

Glossary

>Liquid fossil fuels: Petroleum and petroleum sub products


Quantities of fuels extracted or produced within national boundaries,
including off-shore production. Production only includes marketable
production, and excludes any quantities returned to formation.
Production includes all crude oil, natural gas liquids (NGL), condensates
and oil from shale and tar sands, etc.
>Gas fossil fuels: Natural gas and derived gas
Quantities of dry gas, measured after purification and extraction of
natural gas liquids and sulphur. The production only includes marketable
production, and excludes any quantities re-injected, vented and flared,
and any extraction losses. The production includes all quantities used
within the natural gas industry, in gas extraction, pipeline systems and
processing plants.
>Nuclear heat
Quantities of heat produced in a reactor. Production is the actual heat
produced or the heat calculated on the basis of the gross electricity
generated and the thermal efficiency of the nuclear plant.
>Renewable energy 
Hydropower, wind energy, solar thermal, solar photovoltaic energy
Quantities of electricity generated. Production is calculated on the basis of
the gross electricity generated and a conversion factor of 3600kJ/kWh.
>Geothermal energy
Quantities of heat extracted from geothermal fluids. Production is
calculated on the basis of the difference between the enthalpy of
the fluid produced in the production borehole and that of the fluid
disposed of via the re-injection borehole.
>Biomass/Wastes
In the case of municipal solid wastes (MSW), wood, wood wastes and
other solid wastes, production is the heat produced after combustion
and corresponds to the heat content (NCV) of the fuel. In the case
of anaerobic digestion of wet wastes, production is the heat content
(NCV) of the biogases produced. The production includes all quantities
of gas consumed in the installation for the fermentation processes,
and excludes all quantities of flared gases. In the case of biofuels,
the production is the heat content (NCV) of the fuel.

244

Appendices Glossary
Appendix 12

Glossary

Pumping, pumped storage


Method for storing electrical energy at hydroelectric installations by
pumping water between reservoirs at different altitudes.

Appendices Glossary

245

Appendix 12

Glossary

Renewable Energy Sources (RES)


Vide Primary Energy Production

TPES
Total primary energy supply, an IEA definition, represents the quantity
of energy necessary to satisfy inland consumption of the geographical
entity under consideration. It corresponds to Eurostat gross inland
consumption. It is equal to the indigenous production + imports exports
-international marine bunkers +/- stock changes.

Public Supply Thermal Power Stations


Are defined as undertakings whose primary activity consists of generating
electricity (and heat) for sale to third parties. They may be privately or
publicly owned.

Turnover
Also known as Gross Premium Written, this comprises the totals invoiced by
the observation unit during the reference period, and this corresponds to
market sales of goods or services supplied to third parties.

Sirene
Eurostat energy production database.

Unemployment Rate
The unemployment rate represents unemployed persons as a percentage
of the active population.

Solar Energy
Solar radiation exploited for hot water production solar thermal (p:5532)
and electricity generation solar photovoltaic (p:5534). This energy
production (p:5530), is the heat available to the heat transfer medium,
i.e. the incident solar energy less the optical and collectors losses.
Solid Fuels
Solid fuels cover solid fossil fuels such as hard coal (p: 2111), coal patent
fuels (p: 2112), coke (p: 2120), coal tar (p: 2130), lignite (p: 2210), browncoal briquettes and peat briquettes (p: 2230) and peat (p: 2310). Solid
fuels (p: 2000) is the sum of the codes hard coal & derivatives (p: 2100)
and lignite and derivatives (p: 2200).
SBS
Structural business statistics cover industry, construction, trade and
services. Presented according to the NACE activity classification, they
describe the structure, conduct and performance of businesses across the
European Union.
Tonne of Oil Equivalent (toe)
The tonne of oil equivalent is a conventional standardised unit for
measuring energy, defined on the basis of a tonne of oil with a net calorific
value of 41868kilojoules/kg.

246

Appendices Notes
Appendix 13

Notes

Notes
Appendix 13.1
1.1.1, 1.1.2 pages 10, 11
Energy production corresponds to the indigenous energy production
(IEA methodology). It does not include production from other sources.
Asia aggregation does not include China data.
1.1.2, 1.1.4, 1.1.5, pages 11, 14 and 15
Solid fuels, includes hard coal, lignite and peat, as well as derived fuels.
Petroleum and (petroleum) sub-products comprises crude oil, NGL,
feedstock, additives as well as other hydrocarbons.
RES (renewables) is equal to the sum of hydro, geothermal, solar PV,
solar thermal, tide, wind, industrial waste, municipal waste, primary solid
biofuels, biogases, bio gasoline, biodiesel, other liquid biofuels, nonspecified biofuels and waste and charcoal energy.
1.1.3, 1.1.4, pages 12, 13
Gross Inland Consumption, Eurostat methodology (see glossary),
corresponds to the Total primary energy supply (see glossary TPES), of the
IEA methodology.
Asia aggregation does not include China data.
1.1.6, page 15
This is the total heat produced, including losses in the installations/network
heat exchanges. However only autoproducer heat sold to third parties is
included here. Autoproducer heat, used by the undertaking for their own
processes, is excluded.
1.1.8, page 17
CO 2 Intensity refers to CO 2 emissions activity intensity, measured by its
energy gross inland consumption.
1.2.5, page 24
Natural gas, crude oil and solid fuels (p:4100, p:3105 and p:2000).
1.3.1, page 25
Overall RES share, measured against the total gross final energy consumption.

Appendices Notes

247

Appendix 13

Notes

Appendix 13.2
2.1.1, pages 33-35
Production comprises primary production and products recovered from
other sources, (B_100100 + B_100200).
2.1.2, pages 36-38
Net imports correspond to the total imports minus the total exports,
(B_100300 B_100500).
2.1.3, pages 39-42
Gross inland consumption represents the quantity of energy necessary to
satisfy inland consumption of the geographical entity under consideration,
(B_100900).
2.2.1, pages 43-47
Solid fuels, (p:2000), cover solid fossil fuels such as hard coal, coal patent
fuels, coke, coal tar, lignite, brown-coal briquettes and peat briquettes,
and peat.
Hard coal, (p:2111), comprises only coking coal and steam coal.
2.2.2, pages 48-52
Total Petroleum and sub-petroleum products, (p:3000), include crude
oil (p: 3105), natural gas liquids (p:3106), feedstock (p:3190) and all
petroleum sub-products.
Crude oil and NGL (p:3110) is a subgroup containing only crude oil (p:3105)
and natural gas liquids (p:3106) codes.
2.2.3, pages 53-56
Gases, (p:4000), include natural gas (p:4100) and derived gases (p:4200).
2.2.5, pages 61-63
For products see former points 2.2.1 to 2.2.3
2.3, pages 64-69
See, glossary energy import dependency, appendix 12.
Please note that hard coal dependency is a part of the solid fuels
dependency, natural gas, of the gases dependency, and crude and NGL of
the total petroleum and petroleum sub-products dependency. The total
import dependency covers all fuels not being a simple average of the
upper mentioned products.
2.4.1, page 70
Energy available for final consumption covers the energy made available
to final users. It includes final non energy consumption.
2.4.2, pages 71-74
Final energy consumption covers energy supplied to the final consumers
door for all energy uses. It does not include final non-energy consumption.

248

Appendices Notes
Appendix 13

Notes

2.4.3, page 75
Final non-energy consumption covers the use of energy products for nonenergy purposes.
2.4.4, page 76
Primary energy intensity corresponds to the gross inland consumption
minus the energy included in the final non-energy consumption,
(B_100900-B_101600).
2.5.1, pages 77-81
Installed capacity represents the maximum active power that can be
supplied, continuously, with all systems running.
Please note that combustible fuels include fossil fuels as well as biomass
and wastes, that are also included in the renewables installed capacity.
2.5.2, pages 80-84
The gross electricity generation is measured at the outlet of the main
transformers, i.e. the consumption of electricity in the plant auxiliaries and
in transformers is included.
2.6.1, pages 86-87
Intermittent energy only includes wind and solar energy. Tide is not
included in the totals. The share of the intermittent energy is measured
against the total installed capacity, all sources.
2.7.1, pages 88-93
Wind energy includes all producers. Annual installed capacity includes new
installations and replacement of former wind systems.
2.7.3, 2.7.4, pages 92-93
Gross electricity production wind share measures the percentage of wind
produced electricity in the total production.
Average capacity factor is the ratio of actual energy output of wind sources
against its annual maximum potential output. It is equal to the total annual
electricity production, divided by the cumulative capacity converted to an
average statistical year base.
2.8, pages 94-97
The data collection for CHP generation is not based on the annual heat
survey, but instead on a specific survey in accordance with the Community
Directive 2004/8/EC.
Differences can appear between the two datasets, especially due to the
more restrictive methodology employed in the CHP Directive.
While the Directive includes the production of all heat, sold to third parties,
under the Directive approach only heat/electricity obeying high-efficiency
criteria, are considered. However own heat used by the undertaking for its
own processes, is included here.

Appendices Notes

249

Appendix 13

Notes

2.9, pages 90-100


Data is generated by the annual heat survey. Heat, in these tables, includes
the total heat produced, including losses in the installations/network heat
exchanges, as well as heat from chemical processes used as the primary
energy form. Autoproducer heat used by the undertaking for its own
processes is not included. Only heat sold to third parties is reported here.
2.10.1, pages 101-103
The tables include the total final energy consumption of petroleum
products, and two of its main products: motor gasoline (p:3234), and
gas diesel (p:3260), and the total final energy consumption of biofuels
(p:5545), and its two main products: biogasoline (p:5546) and biodiesel
(p:5547).
2.11.1, page 104
Energy intensity gives an indication of the effectiveness with which energy
is being used (GIC) to produce an added value (GDP).
2.11.2, page 105
Gross inland consumption of energy per capita.
2.11.4, page 107
Primary energy intensity gives an indication of the effectiveness with
which primary energy is being used (GIC-FNEC) to produce an added value
(GDP).
2.13, pages 112-120
Methodology for the calculation of EU-wide average fuel prices.
All available price data has been used in the calculation of EU-wide fuel
price averages. The overall EU price is an average of the prices in the
individual countries weighted by their consumption.

250

Appendices Notes
Appendix 13

Notes

Petroleum Products
Heating gasoil, low sulphur fuel oil, unleaded petrol and automotive diesel
prices are supplied to Energy DG by the Member States as those being
the most frequently encountered for the specific categories of sales. The
prices given are as of January 15th in each year.
The heating gasoil prices given are for deliveries of between 2000 and
5000litres while those for low sulphur fuel oil are for monthly deliveries
of less than 2000tonnes or annual deliveries of less than 24000tonnes.
The average pump prices are given for motor fuels.
The EU average prices are calculated by weighting the prices from each
country by the corresponding final energy consumption.
Electricity and gas
The legal basis for the collection of industrial gas and electricity prices is
defined by EC Directive 2008/92/EC. The collection of prices for household
consumers is done on a voluntary agreement with the Member States. The
collection of prices includes national average prices of the last 6months
reported by different consumer bands.
Consumption bands have been selected as the most representative for
the exercise. For the full methodology including band definition please see
energy statistics metadata at:
http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/cache/ITY_SDDS/en/nrg_price_esms.htm
Full data available at:
http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page/portal/statistics/search_
database#
All taxes are included in the current prices.
2.13.2, pages 115-116
Indirect taxes include excise duties and other indirect taxes. VAT data
source DG Taxation and Customs Union, excise duties. The data source
for the Petroleum products taxes is the DG Energy Oil bulletin.

Appendices Notes

251

Appendix 13

Notes

Appendix 13.3
3.1.1, page 124
Includes a definition of the energy activities sector in its broad and narrow
definition (only sector d35), as defined by Eurostat NACE nomenclature and
UN ISIC nomenclature.
3.2, pages 125-134
Includes data on three indicators, number of enterprises, turnover, and
persons employed, originated by the SBS survey that especially targets
enterprises business.
3.3, pages 135-135
Includes data generated by the LFS survey, done by all the Member States
at household level, to measure employment/unemployment in particular.
Such data tends to present larger figures than the SBS, due to the difference
of methodology, and its sample size.
3.4, pages 140-142
Data is extracted from the DG Economic and Financial Affairs, AMECO
database. Differences are mainly due to data freshness, constant revisions,
and methodology can appear when comparing with Eurostat economic data.

252

Appendices Notes
Appendix 13

Notes

Appendix 13.4
4.1.1, pages 148-152
GHG, greenhouse gases, are gases that contribute to the natural greenhouse
effect.
GHG emissions aggregate includes fuel combustion emissions and other
non-fuel linked emissions (industrial processes, agriculture)
Fuel combustion emissions include combustion in energy industries, manufacturing
industries and construction, transport, commercial and institutional, residential,
agriculture, forestry/fisheries and other combustion and fugitive emissions.
Values are measured in million ton of CO2 equivalent.
4.1.2 pages 153-157
Structure of emissions similar to GHG emissions.
Values expressed in million ton CO2 .
4.2.2 page 158
Carbon intensity is the average emission rate of CO2 relative to the intensity
of the energy economic activity, measured by the gross inland consumption
of energy in tons of oil equivalent.
4.2.3 page 159
Carbon GDP intensity is the average emission rate of CO2 relative to the total
intensity of the economic activity, measured by its GDP.

European Commission
EU Energy in Figures Statistical Pocketbook 2013
Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union
2013 252 pp. 10.5 x 21 cm
ISBN 978-92-79-30194-0
doi:10.2833/15026

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Appendix 13.5
For products see appendices 5-7 and glossary appendix 12.
For indicators see appendices 2-4 and glossary appendix 12.
For units see appendices 8-11.

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MJ-AB-13-001-EN-C
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