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Belt Conveyor design procedure

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Width of belt is depends upon the lump size which depends upon the following factors,

1. Volume of material to be conveyed

2. Angle of repose of material to be conveyed

3. Density of material to be conveyed

4. Troughing angle of belt

5. Maximum allowable belt speed

Let,

Mass of material conveyed per unit length of belt

=

Volume to be conveyed per meter length of belt,

V=

V=

Area of cross section of lump on troughed belt of width w is shown in figure. Hence

area of cross section of lump can be calculated as,

A = (0.6w + 0.6w + 2 0.2w cos) 0.2w sin + (0.6w + 0.4w cos)

(0.6w + 0.4w cos) cot

Volume/ meter length of belt (V) = A 1

This must be equal to volume to be conveyed per meter length of belt,

(0.6w + 0.4w cos) cot

Knowing

, , , belt width w can be calculated and selected from standard range available.

Work is required to raise the material against gravity and to overcome the rolling resistance

between the idler rollers and belt.

Resistance to move the material horizontally,

=

g (m +

Where,

= coefficient of rolling resistance (for this application it lies between 0.15 to 0.3)

g

= gravitational acceleration

=

length of conveyor

= mass of belt

= mass of belt per unit length

length of belt

= g m L sin

Where,

g

= Gravitational acceleration

= Angle of elevation

Maximum resistance,

=( +

For lagged pulley

)

is 1.3. from table

Motor power:

Power required (P) = total force speed of belt

P=

Motor Power,

=

Where,

= transmission efficiency

The minimum drive pulley diameter

=

Where,

= 25. from table

= Angle of contact

The next standard diameter of pulley available in the market should be used.

The length of driving pulley rollers should be slightly more than that of width of belt. The

standard clearances on both sides of belt for different belt widths have been given in the table.

Rotational speed of the roller is the function of diameter of roller and belt speed. Rotational

speed of pulley (N) can be given as,

N=

Calculations for Belt Selection:

Drive side tensions

and

= Total force

where,

= Tight side Tension

= Slack side Tension

Also,

=

Where,

= Coefficient of friction between belt and pulley

= Angle of Wrap

Now,

Belt Stress =

=

Belt safety factor =

The recommended maximum belt tension (RMBT) is provided by the belt manufacturer

for the belts of different widths. The belt safety factor should be more than one, if not, select next

belt of higher ply rating.

Calculations for Design of Drive Shaft:

Motor Torque,

=

Where,

= Motor Power

= Motor Speed

Gear Box Reduction Ratio,

G=

G=

Torque at drive shaft,

= Motor torque

=

=

d=

where,

d = diameter of drive shaft

= torque at drive shaft

= bending moment

The next standard diameter of shaft should be used.

Selection of Bearings:

The general equation for equivalent dynamic load is given by,

=X

+Y

where,

= equivalent dynamic load

In our case the load is pure radial and there no axial load or thrust hence,

=

=(

=

where,

= dynamic load capacity (N)

p = 3(for all ball bearings)

p = 10/3 (for roller bearings)

Bearing life can also be given in working hours.

The relationship between life in million revolutions and life in the working hours is given by,

=

where,

= rated bearing life (hours)

n = speed of rotation (rpm)

According to the value of dynamic load capacity c, select the suitable bearing from the

manufacturers catalog for the given shaft diameter.

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