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PHY12 Thermal Physics

Engr. Ricardo F. De Leon, Jr.

1. 1990 April ECE Board


If the freezing point of water is 0C or 32F, and its boiling point is 100C or 212F, which
relationship is correct?
A.

C.

B.

D.

SOLUTION:
If we let
equals a temperature reading in the Fahrenheit scale and
the Celsius scale and then applying the ratio and proportion technique,

to be a temperature reading in

Therefore,

2. 2000 April ECE Board


One cubic meter of water inside a 1 kg aluminum container is heated from 20C to 30C. Find
the heat supplied to the system if
=0.22 cal/g-C. Note: Assume that there is no heat loss and the
temperature of water is always equal to the temperature of aluminum container.
A. 20 002 200 cal
C. 10 002 200 cal
B.
30 002 200 cal
D. 40 002 200 cal
SOLUTION:
The total heat supplied to the system is
For water, the heat supplied is
=

For aluminum container, the heat supplied is


=

Therefore, the total heat supplied is

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PHY12 Thermal Physics


Engr. Ricardo F. De Leon, Jr.

3. 1996 October EE Board


How much oil at 200C must be added to 50 grams of the same oil at 20C to heat it to 70C?
A. 12.39 grams
C. 19.23 grams
B. 29.12 grams
D. 23.91 grams
SOLUTION:
Law of Heat Exchange,

4. A 10-m length bar with a crack at its center buckles up due to an increase of temperature of
30C. If the coefficient of linear expansion of the bar is 30 x 10 -6/C, find the vertical
displacement of the center.
L

Lf

x
L

X=?

5m

SOLUTION:

L f Lo (1 T )

L f 5m 1 30 10 6 / C 30 C
L f 5.0045 m

Using Phytagorean Theorem:

5.0045 m2 5m2

x 0.2122 m

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PHY12 Thermal Physics


Engr. Ricardo F. De Leon, Jr.

5. Poppy wants to cool 1.5 liters of red tea (mostly water) from a temperature of 100C to 1C
by adding up ice at -15C. How much ice should he add to carry out the task? Neglect any heat
transfer to the environment.
SOLUTION:
The hot tea will give off the heat while the ice will absorb all the heat.
involved for the hot tea is purely sensible heat, Qloss mct tea .

Since the heat

The temperature of the ice is subzero. Heat is needed to increase the temperature of the ice
from -15C to 0C, mct ice Additional heat is required to melt the ice, m ice L f and more heat

is needed to increase further its temperature to 1C, mice cwater t water .


At thermal equilibrium,

Qlo ss Q g a in ed 0

(mct ) tea (mct ) ice mice L f mice c wa ter t wa ter 0


(1500 g )(1cal / g C )(1C 100 C ) mice [(0.5cal / g C )(15C ) 80cal / g
(1cal / g C )(1C 0C )] 0

mice 1677.97 grams


6. Two rods (50-cm steel and 100-cm silver) with 6 cm2 cross sectional area are connected to
one another. The free end of the silver rod is submerged in an ice bath and the free end of the
steel rod is placed in a steam bath. Find the temperature at the interface? How much heat is
conducted in one hour?

STEEL

SILVER
interface

SOLUTION:
a. temperature at the interface

H silver H steel

k silver Asilver Tsilver k steel Asteel Tsteel

Lsilver
Lsteel

406 W m K 6 x10 4 m 2 t i 0C 50.2 W m K 6 x10 4 m 2 100 C t i

1m
0.5 m
t i 19.83 C

answer

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PHY12 Thermal Physics


Engr. Ricardo F. De Leon, Jr.

b. heat conducted in one hour

Tsilver
Q
k silver A silver
t
Lsilver

406W m K 6 x10 4 m 2 19.83C 0C


Q
x3600sec
1m
Q 17390.12 Joules
answer

7. Assuming that the total surface area of a human body exposed is 1.5 m2 and the surface
temperature is 35C, what is the rate of radiation of energy from the body? If the surroundings
are at a temperature of 15C, what is the net rate of heat loss from the body by radiation?
Assume that the human body is a black body.
SOLUTION:
a. total rate of radiation of energy from the human body,

Q
A e T 4
t

W
H 1.5 m 2 1 5.67x10 8 2 4
m K

H 765.38 W atts
answer
H

273 354

b. net rate of heat loss,

Pnet A e T14 T24

W
Pnet 1.5 m 2 1 5.67x10 8 2 4 3084 2884
m K

answer
Pnet 180 .26 Watts

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