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You are on page 1of 4

If the freezing point of water is 0C or 32F, and its boiling point is 100C or 212F, which

relationship is correct?

A.

C.

B.

D.

SOLUTION:

If we let

equals a temperature reading in the Fahrenheit scale and

the Celsius scale and then applying the ratio and proportion technique,

to be a temperature reading in

Therefore,

One cubic meter of water inside a 1 kg aluminum container is heated from 20C to 30C. Find

the heat supplied to the system if

=0.22 cal/g-C. Note: Assume that there is no heat loss and the

temperature of water is always equal to the temperature of aluminum container.

A. 20 002 200 cal

C. 10 002 200 cal

B.

30 002 200 cal

D. 40 002 200 cal

SOLUTION:

The total heat supplied to the system is

For water, the heat supplied is

=

=

1|Page

Engr. Ricardo F. De Leon, Jr.

How much oil at 200C must be added to 50 grams of the same oil at 20C to heat it to 70C?

A. 12.39 grams

C. 19.23 grams

B. 29.12 grams

D. 23.91 grams

SOLUTION:

Law of Heat Exchange,

4. A 10-m length bar with a crack at its center buckles up due to an increase of temperature of

30C. If the coefficient of linear expansion of the bar is 30 x 10 -6/C, find the vertical

displacement of the center.

L

Lf

x

L

X=?

5m

SOLUTION:

L f Lo (1 T )

L f 5m 1 30 10 6 / C 30 C

L f 5.0045 m

5.0045 m2 5m2

x 0.2122 m

2|Page

Engr. Ricardo F. De Leon, Jr.

5. Poppy wants to cool 1.5 liters of red tea (mostly water) from a temperature of 100C to 1C

by adding up ice at -15C. How much ice should he add to carry out the task? Neglect any heat

transfer to the environment.

SOLUTION:

The hot tea will give off the heat while the ice will absorb all the heat.

involved for the hot tea is purely sensible heat, Qloss mct tea .

The temperature of the ice is subzero. Heat is needed to increase the temperature of the ice

from -15C to 0C, mct ice Additional heat is required to melt the ice, m ice L f and more heat

At thermal equilibrium,

Qlo ss Q g a in ed 0

(1500 g )(1cal / g C )(1C 100 C ) mice [(0.5cal / g C )(15C ) 80cal / g

(1cal / g C )(1C 0C )] 0

6. Two rods (50-cm steel and 100-cm silver) with 6 cm2 cross sectional area are connected to

one another. The free end of the silver rod is submerged in an ice bath and the free end of the

steel rod is placed in a steam bath. Find the temperature at the interface? How much heat is

conducted in one hour?

STEEL

SILVER

interface

SOLUTION:

a. temperature at the interface

H silver H steel

Lsilver

Lsteel

1m

0.5 m

t i 19.83 C

answer

3|Page

Engr. Ricardo F. De Leon, Jr.

Tsilver

Q

k silver A silver

t

Lsilver

Q

x3600sec

1m

Q 17390.12 Joules

answer

7. Assuming that the total surface area of a human body exposed is 1.5 m2 and the surface

temperature is 35C, what is the rate of radiation of energy from the body? If the surroundings

are at a temperature of 15C, what is the net rate of heat loss from the body by radiation?

Assume that the human body is a black body.

SOLUTION:

a. total rate of radiation of energy from the human body,

Q

A e T 4

t

W

H 1.5 m 2 1 5.67x10 8 2 4

m K

H 765.38 W atts

answer

H

273 354

W

Pnet 1.5 m 2 1 5.67x10 8 2 4 3084 2884

m K

answer

Pnet 180 .26 Watts

4|Page

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