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2014624

Immanuel Kant
1724
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221804
1804
1804212
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Photo/Flickr.CC/ Carl Jones(Cut Part)


https://www.flickr.com/photos/_belial/4881763904/

2008
2008
2008
5

Wheel in Motion!

106
17

102

0.01%

31.62%

41.48%

10.52%
3.96%

12.41%

102
102
102
7,378
7,378
7,378
107
107

/
103140

/
/

2009
2009

1925+
1972-1999

1998/5/27

1999

WTO

2002/1/1

GPA

2009

WTOGPA
Agreement on Government Procurement
2009

WTOGPA
Agreement on Government Procurement2009

WTO
1996

WTO160
43
GPA

+28

GPA
27
)
(


/
/

 GPA

1.6 1.7


GDP15

2014.03.14

13

200111WTO
GPA
10100114530

GPA
GPA

2014
2014
2014F
F-

GPA
2013
2013
GPA
GPA
GPA

201324.3%

201011.1%

GPA

()

GPA

2.42%

135.13

9.04%

134

19.82%

545.80

57.20%

0.36%

2.54

0.72%

142

6.50%

683.47

24.39%

 GPA60
 220

116


2014

20128.8

20116.6

 2009GPA20

2013

( 2014.03.14)

GPA
GPA
GPA

16

/
/

(19981999/5/27)
1
18

45
63
71
74
87
93

114

+
+
1.
2.
1.

2.

3.
4.
3.
4.

5.
5.

6.
6.

Q:


FAR 33.201
ADR

FAR

FAR, Federal Acquisition Regulation


Regulation

33.204 Policy.
The Governments policy is to try to resolve all
contractual issues in controversy by mutual agreement
at the contracting officers level. Reasonable efforts
should be made to resolve controversies prior to the
submission of a claim. Agencies are encouraged to use
ADR procedures to the maximum extent practicable.



ADR

23



+

1. 1/5
2.

/4
6
7

[]FAR

30

FAR
/?

82

84 1

/?

FAR-
(85-1
)

1.
()
2.
()

6+3

GPA

GPA
43

2009GPA
43GPA
GPA 4227

GPA

GPA

GPA

GPA
GPA
GPA

2014.3.14
2014.3.14
2014.3.14

=Buyer

GPA/
GPA(1.7)

/
(1)
(2)/
1/

breach
LossPenalty Cost

/
/

[]

35

/
/

10114



210
210
210

44 192

51
295

38


=
=
102

101


96
96416
1609600151280
09600151280
09600151280

100
100
100

34010
34010
101
1

100
100
10014049
14049
14049

40

Federal Acquisition Regulation

Title 48 of the United States Code of Federal Regulations

Subpart 9.4

FAR 9.405


FAR9.406-1(a)

9.406-2

9.406-3

41

?
FAR

(1)
(2)

(3)
(4)

(5)

(6)

(7)
(8)

(9)

(10)

42

33III

0950382

II

(96891

211
50N250N

Federal Acquisition Regulation

FAR

58

58
58

45

FAR

14.407-1 General.
After the opening of bids, contracting officers shall examine all bids for
mistakes. In cases of apparent mistakes and in cases where the contracting
officer has reason to believe that a mistake may have been made, the contracting
officer shall request from the bidder a verification of the bid, calling attention to
the suspected mistake. If the bidder alleges a mistake, the matter shall be
processed in accordance with this section 14.407. Such actions shall be taken
before award.

14.407

14.407-2 Apparent clerical mistakes.


(a) Any clerical mistake, apparent on its face in the bid, may be corrected by the
contracting officer before award. The contracting officer first shall obtain from
the bidder a verification of the bid intended. Examples of apparent mistakes
are

(1) Obvious misplacement of a decimal point;

(2) Obviously incorrect discounts (for example, 1 percent 10 days, 2 percent 20


days, 5 percent 30 days);
1 percent 10 days, 2 percent 20 days, 5 percent 30 days
(3) Obvious reversal of the price f.o.b. destination and price f.o.b. origin; and
f.o.b. f.o.b.
(4) Obvious mistake in designation of unit.

14.407-3 Other mistakes disclosed before award


(a) If a bidder requests permission to correct a mistake and clear and convincing
evidence establishes both the existence of the mistake and the bid actually
intended, the agency head may make a determination permitting the bidder to
correct the mistake; provided, that if this correction would result in displacing
one or more lower bids, such a determination shall not be made unless the
existence of the mistake and the bid actually intended are ascertainable
substantially from the invitation and the bid itself.

14.407-3 Other mistakes disclosed before award


(c) If, under paragraph (a) or (b) of this subsection, (1) the evidence of a mistake
is clear and convincing only as to the mistake but not as to the intended bid, or
(2) the evidence reasonably supports the existence of a mistake but is not clear
and convincing, an official above the contracting officer, unless otherwise
provided by agency procedures, may make a determination permitting the bidder
to withdraw the bid.
(a)(b)(1)
(2)

/
/


Q101
31/

Far/


/


54

/
(/)
FARADR

[
[]
]

(
(FAR
FAR
FAREU)
///
/

?
?
[]

GPA

2006.

Harvard Law Bulletin

56

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