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ABSTRACT

Traditional approaches on the prevention of accidents/injuries in mines reached its limit of


effectiveness in improving safety performance and a fresh approach is utmost required.
Behavioral safety analysis has been identified as an effective alternative in many industries.
This paper is therefore sought to examine the role of behavioral factors on the occurrence of
mine accidents and injuries through a case study. Data were collected from two neighboring
underground coalmines operating under a large public sector organization of India. Highlow
plots and t-test were done toexplore the differences between behavioral characteristics of
accident involved (case) and noninvolved (control) workers. How these differences could
cause accidents/injuries in mines was estimated through structural equation modeling. The
case study results show that accident group of workers (cases) are more job dissatisfied,
negatively affected, and highly risk taking compared to the non-accident group of workers
(controls). The accident model path analysis shows that negative affectivity, job
dissatisfaction, and risk taking behaviors predict an increased number of injuries in mines.
Apart from direct influences to work injuries, negative affectivity and job dissatisfaction
make workers to take more risks and behave unsafely. These findings contribute to the design
of safety programs including safety training, which should be behaviorally motivated. Mine
safety management of the case study mines should outskirt their age old belief that
accidents/injuries are due to hazardous nature of mining and only engineering control and
regulatory monitoring aresufficient for improving safety of the mines. The multivariate
analysis also shows that experience bears no relationships with work injury indicating that a
less experienced worker is equally likely to be injured as an experienced worker. It implies
that experience though helps workers in understanding the physical hazards, however,
avoiding the imminent danger is much more behavioral. The influences to work
injuries,negative affectivity and job dissatisfactions and risk taking behavior are therefore
crucial in avoiding accidents or injuries in mines.

INDEX
Clause No

Particulars

Page no.

ABSTRACT

INDEX

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LIST OF TABLES

iii

LIST OF FIGURES

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INTRODUCTION

THEORETICAL MODEL

2.1

Variables

2.1.1

Age

2.1.2

Experience

2.1.3

Negative affectivity

2.1.4

Job dissatisfaction

2.1.5

Risk taking

2.1.6

Safety performance

2.1.7

Work injury

2.2

Hypothesis

DATA ANALYSIS

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3.1

Sample

10

3.2

Instrument

10

3.2.1

Negative affectivity

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3.2.2

Risk taking

12

3.2.3

Job dissatisfaction

12

3.3

Reliability and Validity of Data

12

3.4

Analysis

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RESULTS

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4.1

High-low plots

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4.2

T-test

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4.3

Structural equation modeling

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CONCLUSION

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REFERENCE

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LIST OF TABLES

Table No.

Particular

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STANDARED DEVIATION OF VARIABLES

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T-TEST

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STRUCTURAL EQUATION MODELLING

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LIST OF FIGURE
Figure No.

Particulars

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HYPOTHESISED ACCIDENT PATH MODEL DIAGRAM

HIGH LOW PLOTS BETWEEN AG AND NON AG GROUP

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FINAL ACCIDENT PATH MODEL

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