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COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH OF HYDRAULIC CEMENT(IS:4031-Part 6-1988)

Published by Suryakanta on May 4, 2013 | 6 Responses


Overview
Compressive strength of cement is determined by compressive strength test on mor
tar cubes compacted by means of a standard vibration machine. Standard sand (IS:
650) is used for the preparation of cement mortar. The specimen is in the form o
f cubes 70.6mm*70.6mm*70.6mm.
Apparatus
Measuring Instruments
NAME
CAPACITY / RANGE / SIZE ACCURACY / LEAST COUNT
Cube mould
70.6*70.6*70.6 mm3(IS:10080)
Vibration machine
Should be as per IS:10080
Balance 1000 g 1 g
Measuring cylinder
200 ml 1 ml
Other Apparatus
Enamel tray, Trowel, Poking rod
Cement Mould
Cement Mould
Environmental Conditions
Temperature
27 20 C
Humidity
65 5 %
Test Procedure
Take 200 g of cement and 600 g of standard sand and mix them dry thoroughly.
Add cement consistency 2 of water (where P is % of water required for preparing
paste of standard consistency) to the dry mix of cement and sand and mix thorou
ghly for a minimum of 3 minutes and maximum of 4 minutes to obtain a mix of unif
orm colour. If even in 4 minutes uniform colour of the mix is not obtained rejec
t the mix and mix fresh quantities of cement, sand and water to obtain a mix of
uniform colour.
Place the thoroughly cleaned and oiled (on interior face) mould on the vibrating
machine and hold it in position by clamps provided on the machine for the purpo
se.
Fill the mould with entire quantity of mortar using a suitable hopper attached t
o the top of the mould for facility of filling and vibrate it for 2 minutes at a
specified speed of 12000400 per minute to achieve full compaction.
Remove the mould from the machine and keep it in a place with temp of 2720C and r
elative humidity of 90% for 24 hours.
At the end of 24 hrs remove the cube from the mould and immediately submerge in
fresh clean water. The cube be taken out of the water only at the time of testin
g.
Prepare at least 6 cubes in the manner explained above.
Place the test cube on the platform of a compressive testing machine without any
packing between the cube and the plates of the testing machine.
Apply the load steadily and uniformly, starting from zero at a rate of 35 N/mm2/
minute.
Calculation
Cement compressive 1
Where,
P=Maximum load applied to the cube. (N)

A=Cross sectional area (Calculated from the mean dimensions) (mm2)


Compressive strength is reported to the nearest 0.5 N/mm2.
Specimens that are manifestly faulty, or that give strengths differing by more t
han 10% from the average value of all the test specimen should not be considered
.
Test three cubes for compressive strength for each period of curing.
Precautions
The mould should be oiled before use
The weighing should be done accurately
The temperature and humidity must be accurately controlled
Increase the load gradually during testing.
The cubes should be tested immediately after taking out of water and not allowed
to dry until they fail under testing.
The gauging time should be strictly observed.
The cubes should be tested on their sides and not on their faces.
Standard Specifications
CEMENT TYPE
COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH (Mpa)
1 Day 3 Days 7 Days 28 Days
OPC(33)
16
22
OPC(43)
23
33
OPC(53)
27
27
SRC
10
16
PPC
16
22
RHPC
16
27
PSC
16
22
High alumina
30
35
Super sulphated
15
Low heat
10
Masonry
2.5
IRS-T-40
Technical Discussions

33
43
53
33
33
33
22
16
5.0
37.5

30
35

Strength tests are not made on a neat cement paste because of difficulties of mo
ulding and testing with a consequent large variability of test results.
Compressive strength is influenced by the cement type, or more precisely, the co
mpound composition and fineness of cement.
It should be assumed that two types of cement meeting the same minimum requireme
nts will produce the same strength of mortar or concrete without modification of
mix proportions.
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SOUNDNESS OF CEMENT BY AUTOCLAVE METHOD (IS:4031-Part 3-1988)
SOUNDNESS OF CEMENT BY AUTOCLAVE METHOD (IS:4031-Part 3-1988)
SOUNDNESS OF CEMENT BY LE-CHATELIERS METHOD (IS:4031-Part 3-1988)
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HOW TO DETERMINE STANDARD CONSISTENCY OF CEMENT PASTE?
HOW TO DETERMINE STANDARD CONSISTENCY OF CEMENT PASTE?
INITIAL & FINAL SETTING TIME (IS:4031-Part 5-1988)
INITIAL & FINAL SETTING TIME (IS:4031-Part 5-1988)
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Posted in Tests On Cement Tagged Cement Test
Article written by Suryakanta
Geotechnical-Material Engineer. You can connect me on Google +. To know more abo
ut me just visit AboutMe
6 Responses
Wilfred
Wilfred May 24, 2013 at 7:28 pm | Permalink | Reply
That s an interesting method that you use to conduct compression testing on Portla
nd cement. However, we use a method similar to ASTM C109 method when conducting
compression testing on Portland cement with 50mm Mortar Cubes.
RAGHUNANDAN PRAKASH NAGAR
RAGHUNANDAN PRAKASH NAGAR November 10, 2014 at 10:03 pm | Permalink | Reply
Explain formula (P/4+3) the water requirement for compressive strength (P/4+3) w
ater (where P is % of water required for preparing paste of standard consistency
)
Suryakanta
Suryakanta November 11, 2014 at 9:15 am | Permalink | Reply
Amount of dry material = 200+600 = 800g
Suppose water required for standard consistency (P) = 24 ml
Then [(P/4)+3]
= [(24/4)+3]
= 6+3
= 9
Calculate 9% of dry material i.e. 9% of 800 g
= (9*800)/100
= 72 g
So add 72ml of water in the dry mix of sand and cement.
Thank you
Have a Great Day
surya
surya December 14, 2014 at 12:47 pm | Permalink | Reply
Kindlly give me details of three cube mould holder of 70.7*70.7*70.7 and its vib
rating table details on urgent basis
sangay chedup