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1.

If the outlet temperature Tout is kept constant at 65 degrees C and during normal sea speed the
inlet temperature Tin is 62 degree C, what would Tin show during engine slow down?
(A) Inlet temperature Tin will decrease
(B) Inlet temperature Tin will be kept constant by controller
(C) Inlet temperature Tin will fluctuate
(D) Inlet temperature Tin will increase

2.

What kind of temperature control system is fitted in this lubrication oil system?
(A) Controlling the outlet by regulating the inlet
(B) Controlling the outlet by regulating the outlet
(C) Controlling the inlet by regulating the inlet
(D) Controlling the inlet by regulating the outlet

3.

Over which components does the Blending Unit Controller act in order to blend fuel of the
required viscosity?
(A) The diesel oil and heavy fuel oil booster pumps
(B) The diesel oil and fuel oil inlet valves of the blender
(C) The steam inlet and return by-pass valves of the fuel heater
(D) All of the above

4.

What is the component marked W?


(A) A water strainer
(B) A wax by-pass temperature controller
(C) A water by-pass buffer
(D) A manual 3-way water by-pass valve

5.

For this auxiliary diesel fresh water system, what method of temperature control is used?
(A) Controlling the outlet by regulating the inlet
(B) Controlling the outlet by regulating the outlet
(C) Controlling the inlet by regulating the inlet
(D) Controlling the inlet by regulating the outlet

6.

After resuming its normal purification after completing automatic de-sludging you frequently
experience a high temperature alarm, what remedy could you use to avoid recurrence?
(A) Increase purifier throughput
(B) Lower the set point of the oil temperature
(C) Fit or adjust (increase) time delay on the high temperature alarm
(D) Decrease purifier throughput

7.

What part of pneumatic control is this?


(A) An integrator assembly
(B) A differentiator assembly
(C) An amplifier
(D) A nozzle/flapper assembly

8.

In this nozzle/flapper assembly (part of pneumatic control system) at what distance away from the
nozzle does the flapper need to be moved in order not to have any influence on the NBP (nozzle
back pressure)?
(A) H= 0.4D
(B) H= 0.25D
(C) H= 0.5D
(D) H=D

9.

What is the meaning of the pressure indicated by NBP on this nozzle/flapper assembly?
(A) Normal Basic Pressure
(B) Nominal Balance Pressure
(C) Nozzle Back Pressure
(D) Nozzle Balance Pressure

10. What is the most common reason for malfunctioning or erratic functioning of a pneumatic
nozzle/flapper assembly?
(A) The nozzle is worn out
(B) The nozzle is broken or distorted
(C) Dirty air passages of restrictor and nozzle
(D) Oil or moisture in the back pressure line (NBP)

11. If the flapper is pushed against the nozzle so that H=0, what will the reading of NBP become?
(A) 0 psi
(B) 20 psi
(C) 3 psi
(D) 15 psi

12. This characteristics shows that only linear part a-b can be used. This means that the normal
effective travel of the flapper is only for the full measuring range.
(A) 0.005 mm
(B) 0.01 mm
(C) 0.05 mm
(D) 0.10 mm

13. As we can use only the linear part of the characteristic, this shows that the flapper can only travel
0.01 mm, therefore DELTA psi obtained can only be less than 1 psi. Can we use the flapper nozzle
system?
(A) No, the nozzle flapper assembly needs modification
(B) No, the flapper system will gives erratic readings
(C) Yes, but the valves need a servo booster
(D) Yes, but the readings obtained between DELTA psi need to be amplified

14. The proportional linear signal for a pneumatic nozzle/flapper assembly is only less than 1 psi for
0.01 mm travel. How do we make use of this signal?
(A) By changing the diameter of the pneumatic valve actuator
(B) By sending the signal to another flapper/nozzle
(C) By sending it to a Pneumatic Amplifier
(D) By using a regulator on the servo of the pneumatic valve.

15. What pneumatic control device is shown here?


(A) A pneumatic flapper/nozzle assembly
(B) A pneumatic controller
(C) A pneumatic amplifier
(D) A pneumatic booster aggregate

16. On which part of the Pneumatic Amplifier is the nozzle back pressure of the nozzle/flapper (NBP)
acting?
(A) On spring S
(B) On ball valve B
(C) On valve V
(D) On membrane M

17. By what parts is the outlet pressure Pu of this pneumatic transmitter directly controlled?
(A) By spring tension in S
(B) By the stand of the valves V and B
(C) By the restriction R
(D) By slight fluctuation of supply pressure

18. What is the function of ball valve B in relation to the outlet pressure Pu of this pneumatic
amplifier?

(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

To push the membrane back in place after each movement


Opening port of 20 psi supply air access
To push the atmospheric vent close, increase Pu
To counteract the pressure on the membrane M, decrease Pu

19. What is the function of valve V in relation to the outlet pressure Pu of this pneumatic amplifier?
(A) To allow stabilizing feedback pressure on the membrane
(B) To allow venting of pressure Pu to the atmosphere
(C) To transmit the pressure Pu to the membrane
(D) To push spring S open via the ball B

20. What would be the result if after period of time the tension of spring S should weaken on this
pneumatic amplifier?
(A) It will not have any effect
(B) It would increase the output pressure Pu
(C) It would decrease the output pressure Pu
(D) It will destabilize the amplifier

21. These characteristics show Pu in relation to the flapper distance and NBP of a pneumatic nozzle
flapper and transmitter; thus with the smallest distance movements it fluctuates sharply. What is
the result and the remedy?
(A) Unsteady operation. Springs are to be fitted on all moving parts
(B) Tendency to close. Fit by-pass nozzle to amplifier
(C) Tendency to open. Fit elongated flappers in output
(D) Unsteady operation. Bellows are to be fitted in pneumatic lines

22. This is an actual lay-out drawing of a pneumatic amplifier block. Where is the 20 psi supply air
admitted?
(A) At air passage item 12
(B) At air passage item 13
(C) At air passage item 14
(D) At air passage item 15

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23. Where is the output pressure Pu taken from this pneumatic amplifier shown here?
(A) Air passage 12
(B) Air passage 13
(C) Air passage 14
(D) Air passage 15
24. Via which air passage is the nozzle back pressure from the nozzle/flapper admitted for this
pneumatic amplifier?
(A) Air passage 12
(B) Air passage 13
(C) Air passage 14
(D) Air passage 15
25. Which is the exhaust or air vent port to the atmosphere shown on this pneumatic transmitter?
(A) Air passage 12
(B) Air passage 13
(C) Air passage 14
(D) Air passage 15
26. What is item No.3 shown of this pneumatic amplifier?
(A) Retaining plates for the ball valve
(B) Blade (feather) springs to load the ball and the vent valve
(C) Nozzle flappers
(D) Ball valve securing blades
27. How can the output pressure Pu of this pneumatic amplifier be initially adjusted?
(A) By screw item 4
(B) By screw item 11
(C) By screw item 1
(D) By screw item 10
28. Which important pneumatic control accessory is shown here?
(A) A pressure regulator
(B) An amplifier
(C) An nozzle/flapper assembly
(D) A transmitter

11

29. What is part No.4 shown in this drawing of a pneumatic amplifier?


(A) The air supply compartment
(B) The exhaust or vent compartment
(C) The output air compartment
(D) The nozzle back pressure supply compartment
30. For what purpose is spring ball adjustment screw item No.2 fitted on the spring blade of this
pneumatic amplifier?
(A) To adjust the valve stem distance
(B) To adjust the spring blade and output pressure Pu initially
(C) To control the nozzle back pressure
(D) To control the rate of amplification response
31. What is the most common reason for malfunctioning of a pneumatic amplifier?
(A) Gasket No.8 blown
(B) Diaphragm No.7 bursts
(C) Valve stem No.6 defective
(D) Internal passages blocked by oil mixed with dirt
32. This shows a pneumatic control unit which forms the basis of pneumatic control engineering. It is?
(A) a pneumatic transmitter assembly
(B) a totliser or summator unit
(C) a nozzle/flapper assembly with amplifier
(D) a pneumatic basic controller unit

33. These small pneumatic pipes are connected to the different parts of pneumatic system so they can
be easily dismantled, using ?
(A) clamps with bellow packing
(B) retainer springs and silicon
(C) plugs and o-rings
(D) sleeves and copper gasket

12

34. Which part shown here is the nozzle in this pneumatic assembly?
(A) Part No.2
(B) Part No.3
(C) Part No.4
(D) Part No.5

35. What will be the existing pneumatic pressure in connecting pipe item No.6 from flapper nozzle
assembly to the pneumatic amplifier?
(A) Between 2 and 2.78 psi
(B) Between 3 and 15 psi
(C) 20 psi
(D) Between 0 and 20 psi

13

36. Pneumatic instruments have an air filter fitted so that any impurity present is removed. Where is
this filter fitted?
(A) In front of the nozzle item No.2
(B) In the main supply line to each individual instrument
(C) In the base of the amplifier, filter plug No.4
(D) In air connecting line, plug No.5

37. What is the output pressure of this pneumatic amplifier?


(A) 7 to 15 psi
(B) 3 to 15 psi
(C) 15 to 25 psi
(D) 3 to 20 psi

38. What is the amplification factor (K) of a pneumatic amplifier?


(A) K=4
(B) K=12
(C) K=16
(D) K=20

14

39. What important maintenance checks are required on nozzle/flapper assemblies of pneumatic
instruments?
(A) Redrilling if the nozzle
(B) Exchange of nozzle and flapper
(C) Cleaning of the nozzle and the flapper
(D) Exchange packings on the nozzle and flapper

40. What is the diameter of the drilled passage which is standard for all pneumatic nozzle assemblies?
(A) 1.0 mm
(B) 0.8 mm
(C) 0.6 mm
(D) 0.4 mm

41. Which part of the pipe assembly is kept in place by a retaining plate fastened by a screw?
(A) Both nozzle and plug end of the pipe

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(B) The nozzle


(C) The plug
(D) None, they are both screwed in

42. What is the correct name of item No.2 shown here?


(A) Restrictor nozzle
(B) Flapper nozzle
(C) Filter plug
(D) Connecting plug

43. What pneumatic device is shown here?


(A) A proportional controller
(B) A proportional transmitter
(C) A feedback amplifier
(D) A feedback controller

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44. What is the name of the bellow P, which indicates its purpose?
(A) Absorbing bellow
(B) Equalizing bellow
(C) Feedback bellow
(D) Lifting bellow

45. If the length of a is equal to the length of b what will be the proportional band PB of this
pneumatic controller?
(A) 0 %
(B) 25 %
(C) 50 %
(D) 100 %

46. With what part is the degree of feedback controlled on this pneumatic Proportional Controller?
(A) By the bellow
(B) By the spring tension
(C) By lengths of arms a and b (shifting of amplifier)
(D) By desired value input

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47. If Q1 is the filling volume of the tank and Q2 the outflow volume of the tank and the level L is
constant by controller output pressure Pu = 9 psi, the valve V2 will be open for..
(A) 100%
(B) 75%
(C) 50%
(D) 25%

48. If the input flow Q1 increases to Q1* and level L increases to L* what will initially happen?
(A) The amplifier will increase its air output pressurizing bellow P
(B) The output pressure Pu will increase proportionally to L*
(C) The proportional band PB will change
(D) The amplification factor K will change

49. What do you call the pneumatic mode of operating of the pneumatic controlled valve V2
(A) Positive activation

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(B) Negative activation


(C) Air to open
(D) Air to close

50. If we shift the nozzle/flapper assembly to the left so that the length of a is half of length b, to
what level will L* rise before it stabilizes?
(A) Twice the height from level L
(B) Half the height from level L
(C) 1/4th the height from level L
(D) Four times the height from level L

51. What is the level difference between L and L* called in this process?
(A) The span
(B) The range
(C) The amplification
(D) The offset

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52. This characteristic shows the output pressure of a controller effecting valve lift. If PB = 100% is
the graph shown in a. What is the graph of PB = 50%?
(A) Graph b
(B) Graph a
(C) Graph d
(D) Graph f

53. This characteristic shows output pressure of a controller effecting valve lift. If PB = 100% is the
graph shown in a. What is the amplification factor and the proportional band represented by
graph f?
(A) Amplification 50%, Proportional Band 100%
(B) Amplification 0, Proportional Band infinitive
(C) Amplification infinitive, Proportional Band 0
(D) Proportional band 50%, amplification 100%

20

54. Graph d of this characteristic showing output pressure Pu of a controller effecting valve lift,
represents ZERO proportional band over infinitive amplification. How does the system works?
(A) It does not regulate the level at all
(B) It works with intolerable offsets
(C) It works with maximum range offsets
(D) It works FULL OPEN/FULL CLOSE, unsteady, offset NIL

55. If the pressures in the MV and SV bellows are equal, what will be the output pressure Pu of this
pneumatic P-controller?
(A) 3 psi
(B) 6 psi
(C) 9 psi
(D) 12 psi

56. If the measured value bellow is connected to the output of the jacket CW temperature transmitter
and the Pu of the controller is 9 psi, and we reduce the temperature setting from 75 to 72 degree C
what happens to the Pu?
(A) It will increase to 20 psi
(B) It will decrease below 9 psi
(C) It will increase above 9 psi
(D) It will decrease to 0 psi

21

57. Between which values (expressed in psi) can setting of the Sv (set value or desired value) bellow
of this pneumatic P controller be affected?
(A) Between 0 and 20 psi
(B) Between 2 and 2.75 psi
(C) Between 3 and 15 psi
(D) Between 0 and 15 psi

58. Suppose the variation of INPUT is 1 psi down instead of 1 psi up on this pneumatic P-controller. If
the proportional band PB is 25% what will be the output pressure?
(A) 3 psi
(B) 2 psi
(C) 6 psi
(D) 0 psi

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59. Suppose the INPUT of the pneumatic controller is 4 psi and the PB is 25%. If variation on the
input is 1 psi down, what is the variation on the output expressed in psi?
(A) 4 psi
(B) 2 psi
(C) 1 psi
(D) 6 psi

60. What would be the variation of output on this pneumatic controller by Proportional Band
PB=infinitive, by same Variation Input as shown on the picture?
(A) 1 psi
(B) Infinitive, full open, full close control system
(C) Between 3 and 15 psi
(D) No response, nil

61. Suppose the Proportional Band of this pneumatic controller is increased to 500% and the input
variation remains the same. What would be the output variation?
(A) 1 psi
(B) 5 psi
(C) 0.2 psi
(D) 0.5 psi

23

62. This characteristic shows output pressure of a pneumatic controller controlling water level. The
level is fluctuating. What is wrong with the setting of the controller?
(A) The span is too narrow
(B) The range is too large
(C) The proportional band is too small
(D) The amplification is too small

63. Something is wrong with the controller setting of this water level control system. Suppose the
Proportional Band is 12.5%, to what value would you reset it?
(A) 20%
(B) 50%
(C) 100%
(D) 500%

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64. In this electrical amplifier drawing, what takes the place of the flapper/nozzle unit used by the
pneumatic control unit with amplifier?
(A) R2
(B) R1
(C) U1
(D) U2

65. Comparing the pneumatic control unit with the equivalent electrical amplifier. What takes the
place of the air restrictor passage used in the pneumatic nozzle/flapper unit in the electrical
equivalent?
(A) Resistor R1
(B) Resistor R2
(C) Voltage U1
(D) Voltage U2

66. What takes the place of the 20 psi input used by pneumatic nozzle/flapper units in this electrical
amplifier equivalent?
(A) Resistance R1
(B) Resistance R2
(C) Voltage U1
(D) Voltage U2

25

67. What takes the place of the output pressure of the pneumatic nozzle/flapper unit in this electrical
amplifier equivalent?
(A) Resistor R1
(B) Resistor R2
(C) Voltage U1
(D) Voltage U2

68. What control equipment drawing is shown here?


(A) An electric P-controller
(B) An electric differentiating amplifier
(C) An electric temperature measurement scanner
(D) An electric pressure transmitter system

69. The working pressures used by pneumatic control components are between 3 and 15 psi. What are
the equivalent currents used by electric control equipment?

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(A) Between 0 and 20 mA or 4 and 20 mA


(B) Between 10 and 50 mA or 15 and 50 mA
(C) Between 20 and 60 mA or 25 and 75 mA
(D) Between 0 and 5 or 3 and 9 mA
70. What does a thick articulated line represent in automation schematic diagrams? (the top articulated
line shown here)
(A) A process line
(B) A steering line
(C) A measuring line
(D) An instrument line

71. What does a broken or dotted line represent in automation schematic diagrams? (the second line
from top shown here)
(A) An instrument line
(B) A pneumatic line
(C) A steering line
(D) A measuring line
72. What does a non-articulated full line indicate in an automation schematic drawing? (the third line
from top shown here)
(A) An electric steering line
(B) A pneumatic steering line
(C) A measuring line
(D) An instrument line
73. What does the symbol drawn on the fourth line from the top (a blank circle) indicate in an
automation schematic diagram?
(A) An instrument
(B) A transmitter
(C) An indicator
(D) A controller
74. What does the symbol shown on the fifth line from the top (a circle with a horizontal line through
it) of the drawing indicated an automation schematic diagram?
(A) A pneumatic instrument
(B) An electronic instrument
(C) An instrument fitted in a central panel
(D) An instrument fitted in the main control console
75. What do the letters PT shown in this instrument symbol (drawn on the bottom line) indicate if
found in an automation schematic drawing?
(A) First letter= Measuring function, Second letter= Working function
(B) First letter= Monitoring, Second letter= Controlling
(C) First letter= Measuring, Second letter=Steering
(D) First letter= Monitoring, Second letter= Working function

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76. As part of an automation schematic drawing, what kind of instrument might be fitted on the
measuring line as indicated on the top right drawing?
(A) A thermometer
(B) A manometer
(C) A temperature controller
(D) A temperature transmitter

77. As part of an automation schematic drawing, what kind of instrument might be fitted on the
measuring line as indicated on the top center drawing?
(A) A line capacitor
(B) A level controller
(C) A low pressure cut-out
(D) A limit control switch
78. What kind of valve is valve A, shown in the left bottom?
(A) An electric motor driven control valve
(B) A spring loaded solenoid valve, activation to close
(C) A pneumatic control valve, air to close
(D) A hydraulic control valve, pressure to open
79. What components of the Lubricating Oil Control System shown here?
(A) Temperature recorder, transmitter, electronic control valve
(B) Temperature transmitter and controller, pneumatic control valve
(C) Cooler temp indicator, transmitter, electric control valve
(D) Temperature controller, indicator, pneumatic control valve

28

80. Which are the parameters that steer the level control automatic system of the boiler shown here?
(A) Water level and steam consumption
(B) Feed valve and feed by-pass valve
(C) The level controller
(D) The level transmitter

81. The feed water valve and the feed water by-pass valves are.
(A) electronic controlled valves working in tandem
(B) electronic controlled valves working in opposition
(C) pneumatic controlled valves working in opposition
(D) pneumatic controlled valves working in reverse

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82. This drawing shows a simple mechanical controller controlling the water level in the tank. Level
L is the DESIRED water level in the tank, in automation this called the
(A) measured value
(B) proportional point
(C) set point
(D) set level

83. Suppose that in the system drawn the water inflow Q1 increases so that the float is pushed up by
the water to level L*. The value of level L* is called the..
(A) actual value
(B) increased value
(C) level value
(D) measured value

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84. The difference between the desired value (level L) and the measured value (level L*) is called.
(A) the measuring fault
(B) the differential value
(C) the offset
(D) the inclination

85. Here S is the support point in the middle of pivoting arm AB. For a given increase in water
level the valve is opened by the same distance, therefore the amplification is 1. What will happen if
b=2xa?
(A) The water will drop twice as fast in the tank
(B) The valve will open twice the distance of the increased level
(C) The amplification is increased by 50%
(D) The process will not longer working

31

86. In the top integrator drawing the bellows fill with air through the Restrictor Valve R. In the
electrical equivalent.
(A) the capacitor allows Voltage built up over the resistor
(B) the capacitor takes the place of the bellow
(C) the voltage U2 represent the equivalent of the input air
(D) the current increases over time

87. In these integrator circuits the air flow through the restrictor and the current through the
resistance
(A) remains constant
(B) decreases with time
(C) increases with time
(D) is negative

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88. What is the difference in function between these electrical and the pneumatic integrators?
(A) None
(B) The pneumatic integrator is slower
(C) The electrical integrator is slower
(D) They work in opposite directions

89. The characteristics shown here indicate a step input on the left together with the corresponding
output on the right of .
(A) a proportional controller
(B) a pure integrator
(C) a pure differentiator
(D) a proportional integrating controller

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90. Explain the functions of a capacitor that loads up compared with a bellow that fills up with air.
(A) They have both the same function
(B) They perform opposite functions
(C) The capacitor is a differentiator, the bellow is an integrator
(D) The capacitor is an integrator, the bellow is a differentiator

91. This drawing shows which kind of pneumatic controller?


(A) A proportional controller
(B) A proportional integrating controller
(C) A proportional differentiating controller
(D) A proportional integrating-differential controller

34

92. These graphs are, left, the step input and, right, the output response of a controller. What
characteristics are shown?
(A) The controller response output characteristics
(B) The integrator characteristics
(C) The PI characteristics
(D) The integrator differential characteristics

93. For which type of controller are the input and output characteristics shown here?
(A) A pressure indicating controller
(B) A proportional integrating controller
(C) A PI differentiating controller
(D) A pneumatic indicating controller

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94. The measuring signal obtained to carry out flow measuring is a Differential pressure signal. This is
obtained by a certain medium flowing through a ..
(A) nozzle system
(B) capillary tube
(C) measuring flange
(D) a right-angled nozzle system

95. Since the output of the pressure transmitter is not linear with the flow in the pipe as measured over
the measuring flange the output signal should be sent to a
(A) balancing valve
(B) equalizer
(C) root extractor
(D) summator
96. To which channel is the nitrogen-filled thermal bellow is this pneumatic temperature transmitter
fitted?
(A) Channel 10
(B) Bellow 8
(C) Channel 5
(D) Channel 8

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97. What is item No.1 of this pneumatic temperature transmitter?


(A) The pneumatic amplifier
(B) The compensator
(C) The equalizer block
(D) The range control setting

98. How is the range of this temperature transmitter adjusted?


(A) By compensation bellow 8
(B) By bellow 10
(C) By nut of bellow 2 spindle
(D) By spring No.9 tensioning

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99. Which is the filter of the instrument on this transmitter part drawing?
(A) Item No.1
(B) Item No.2
(C) Item No.3
(D) Item No.4

100.On this pneumatic transmitter part drawing, which part is amplifying the signal?
(A) Part No.1
(B) Part No.2
(C) Part No.3
(D) Part No.4

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101.What is part No.11 on this transmitter drawing?


(A) The transmitter bellow
(B) The feedback bellow
(C) The balance arm tensioner
(D) The regulating bellow

102.Which part adjusts the proportional band of this pneumatic transmitter?


(A) Part No.7
(B) Part No.8
(C) Part No.9
(D) Part No.10

103.On which part of this pneumatic transmitter does the pressure of the process (steam, oil, water)
act?
(A) Item No. 1

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(B) Item No.2


(C) Item No.3
(D) Item No.4

104.The span of this pneumatic transmitter is set by adjusting or tensioning ..


(A) part No. 10
(B) part No. 11
(C) part No. 12
(D) part No. 15

105.From this drawing of a pneumatic pressure transmitter, what is the Proportional Band setting?
(A) Proportional Band = 100%, amplification K = 1
(B) Proportional Band less than 100%, amplification K more than 1
(C) Proportional Band more than 100%, amplification K less than 1
(D) Proportional Band 0%, amplification infinitive

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106.For which type of controller are these the input (left) and the response (right) characteristics?
(A) A pneumatic inverter
(B) A pneumatic integrator
(C) A pressure integrating controller
(D) A proportional integrating controller

107.In this drawing, the triangle marked A represents .


(A) An operational amplifier
(B) An ampere-differential transmitter
(C) An analog converter
(D) A current converter

108.Which resistor determines the proportional band on this electronic proportional integrating
controller?
(A) Rf
(B) R1
(C) R2
(D) R3

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109.Fitting a restriction R1 in the supply to the proportional feedback of this PID controller ensures
that for an initial small variation on the input, the initial response on the output will be.
(A) zero
(B) very weak
(C) proportional
(D) strong

110.For which control instrument are these the input (left) and the output or response (right)
characteristics?
(A) A pressure differentiator
(B) A proportional differentiating controller
(C) A pressure controlling data register
(D) A pneumatic differentiating controller

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111. For this PID controller to act only as a P (proportional) controller, what should be the arrangement
of restricting valves R1 and R2?
(A) R1 fully open, R2 closed
(B) R1 fully open, R2 fully open
(C) R1 closed, R2 closed
(D) R1 closed, R2 fully open

112.For which kind of controller are the input and output characteristics shown here?
(A) A pressure indicating controller
(B) A proportional integrating-differentiating controller
(C) A proportional indicating differentiator
(D) A pneumatic differential summator

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113.In the output characteristics (right) of this controller, which response lines are clearly shown?
(A) The output, variation and differentiation
(B) The proportional output, offset and integration
(C) The proportional, integration and differentiation
(D) The proportional, variation and integration

114.How is the differentiating action of this PID controller obtained?


(A) By C and R1
(B) By C and R2
(C) By C and R3
(D) By C and R4

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115.Where would you find this instrument on board a ship?


(A) In the Engine Control Room
(B) In the Boiler Control Room
(C) In the Manuevering Remote Panel
(D) Near the Fuel, oil or water piping

116.How is the zero setting of this temperature transmitter adjusted?


(A) By item No.1
(B) By item No.2
(C) By item No.3
(D) By calibration of items 1,2 and 3

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117.How is the range of this instrument adjusted?


(A) With item No.1
(B) With item No.2
(C) With item No.3
(D) With items 1,2 and 3

118.This is a
(A) temperature compensation system
(B) Wheatstone bridge
(C) Rectifier bridge
(D) Temperature calibration system

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119. The three conductor system used by Wheatstone Bridge lay-outs is intended to provide .
(A) compensation for changing conductor resistance by changing temperature.
(B) Zero setting at all times by variable resistances to be measured.
(C) Balancing of the bridge by very high or very low temperatures.
(D) Conversion of an electrical signal into a pneumatic signal.

120.The function of this measuring system is to ..


(A) convert a digital signal into a pressure.
(B) Convert an electric temperature measurement into a pneumatic signal.
(C) Convert Wheatstone bridge readings into remote pressure readings.
(D) Convert field effect transistor readings into a temperature reading.

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121.The resistance characteristic of Platinum is linear. The resistance characteristic of Nickel is nonlinear. How can the characteristic of Nickel be made linear?
(A) By using a three-wire system Wheatstone bridge
(B) By fitting a compensation cable
(C) By fitting another resistance in parallel
(D) By fitting another resistance in series

122.Item No.2 of this Wheatstone Bridge is ..


(A) The field wire fed by amplifier A
(B) The feedback coil fed by amplifier A
(C) The field balance indicating field wire of amplifier output
(D) The thermal resistance fed by the output of amplifier A

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123.The potential of this thermocouple bridge is zero if all connections are kept at same temperature.
Why is the indication by the potentiometer zero?
(A) Because of the second balancing couple B
(B) Because of the copper (Cu) calibration wiring connected to C and D
(C) Because A and B couples are opposed
(D) Because the connections in A and B and in C and D are opposed

124.Compensation wires are electrical conductors made of special metal alloy and have as
characteristics that ..
(A) The current is calibrated by a compensation system
(B) Between these and the metals of the thermoelement no thermocouple exists.
(C) Thermal faults within the copper wires (connections E and F) are compensated for.
(D) Minor thermocouples exist which can be compensated for by a regulator/compensator.

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125.Control valves in a controlled process can be either pneumatic, electrically or hydraulically


operated. What kind of medium is used to control this valve? When is it used?
(A) Pneumatic, when a big force or torque is required
(B) Pneumatic, when an accurate valve response is required
(C) Hydraulic, when a big force or torque is required
(D) Hydraulic, when an accurate valve response is required

126.The two valves shown on the left of this picture are called flat valves and give a high throughput
for a small lift in height. They are mostly used for ..
(A) process stability, for a certain percentage in lift changes the throughput by the same
percentage
(B) self correcting flow valve, by changing pressures in the system the throughput the same
(C) open-close regulation
(D) a stop (zero flow) valve

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127.The two valves shown in the center of the drawing are ..


(A) pear shaped valve
(B) flat stop valves
(C) linear valves
(D) equi-percentage valves
128.The two valves shown at the right of the picture are .type valves.
(A) flat shaped
(B) stop flow
(C) linear
(D) equi-percentage
129.The two valves on the left of this picture are ., the two valves on the right are
.valves.
(A) flat top, linear
(B) pear shaped, equi-percentage
(C) linear, curved
(D) linear, equi-percentage

130.The operating function of the valve on which this pneumatic valve motor is fitted will be ..
(A) air to open (bottom connection)
(B) air to close (top connection)
(C) pressure to open (positive manometer reading)

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(D) vacuum to open (negative manometer reading)

131.This automatic control system shows one temperature controller steering two valve motors (fitted
in different process components) by using different working ranges. This is called .control.
(A) feedback
(B) diverted
(C) split range
(D) separated range

132.The valve positioner acts on the principle of the balance of forces. The tension of part.(..) is
to be in balance with the force of the controller pressure which acts on part.().
(A) 4 (relays), 12 (membrane)
(B) 9 (spring), 11 (supply valve)
(C) 12 (membrane), 6 (feedback lever)
(D) 9 (spring), 18 (membrane)

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133.Why does the output (instrument supply) pressure of a reducer fluctuate?


(A) Because the movement of the membrane follows the input pressure.
(B) Because of the variation on the output pressure.
(C) Because of the variation of the output capacity.
(D) Because of the characteristic of the spring.

134.A pressure reducing valve works according to the principle of balance of forces, in this case the
force P2 acting on the membrane is in balance with the force of the .
(A) inlet pressure P1
(B) the ball valve spring
(C) the ball valve
(D) the membrane spring

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135.The manometer with scale indication shown here is fitted in the ..line of a controller or
valve positioner which supplies a pneumatic valve motor with Pressure to function.
(A) supply, Close
(B) input, Open
(C) output, Open
(D) input, Close

136.This is the drawing of a Machinery Monitoring and Alarm System. What is the heart and brain of
this Scanning unit?
(A) The LSUs
(B) The LADs
(C) The CPU
(D) The MAD

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137.Which part of this machinery scanning system collects the incoming data from instruments and
transducers?
(A) The LSUs
(B) The CPU
(C) The MAD
(D) The TWM
138.If the engine room is in UMS mode and one of the measuring points collected by a LSU and fed
into the CPU exceeds its preset value parameter, the CPU will ..
(A) activate the MAD (Main Alarm Display) and visible and audible alarms will be activated
(B) activate the LAD in operation and its visible and audible alarm will set off
(C) activate the TWM (Type Writer Monitor) and print out the obtained error value,
measuring point number and time
(D) activates all of these
139.The LSUs (Local Scanning Units) have to measure temperature, pressure, flow, level, RPM,
torque, horsepower, circuit and salinity and do so via analog and digital transducers. What is a
digital transducer?
(A) A digital transducer gives a continue signal, example 0-100 mV.
(B) A digital transducer is an electronic instrument opposed to an Analog transducer which is
pneumatic operated 3 to 15 psi.
(C) A digital transducer works on AC voltage.
(D) A digital transducer gives a direct on or off signal and involve logic transducers.

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140.The latest obtained system values are fed into the computer and compared with previous ones. The
analysis obtained before has to be compared with the latest analysis. This is called
(A) wear down and break down prediction
(B) material fatigue and maintenance scheduling
(C) trend analysis and maintenance prediction
(D) wear down and maintenance scheduling

141.If a fault occurs in this power supply system, the best and faster way to locate this fault is by

(A) calling the electrician


(B) checking the fuses
(C) checking the input voltage
(D) consulting the trouble shooting chart

142.On this commonly used electric pressure transmitter, how will you adjust the range?
(A) with item No.1
(B) with item No.2
(C) with item No.5
(D) with item No.7

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143.How do you adjust the zero setting on this commonly used electrical pressure transmitter?
(A) by item No.1
(B) by item No.2
(C) by item No.5
(D) by item No.7

144.In an automated engine the center from which the ships engine room is controlled is called:
(A) the control plant station (CPS)
(B) the power plant station control station (PPCS)
(C) the main engine nerve and control station (MENS)
(D) the central operating and monitoring station (COMS)
145.In automation, RTD & CV stands for:
(A) return time delay
(B) resistance temperature drop & control event
(C) resistance temperature detector and control valve
(D) none of these

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