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Uploaded by Muhammad Saqib Abrar

some useful formula regarding beams and different cases of loads and support conditions.

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DIAGRAMS

2005 EDITION

ANSI/AF&PA NDS-2005

Approval Date: JANUARY 6, 2005

ASD/LRFD

N DS

®

FOR WOOD CONSTRUCTION

SUPPLEMENT: DESIGN VALUES FOR WOOD CONSTRUCTION

American

ᐉ Forest &

x Paper

Association

wᐉ

R R

ood Council

ᐉ ᐉ

2 2

V

Shear V

Wood

American W

Mmax

Moment

American

Forest &

Paper

DESIGN AID No. 6 Association

BEAM FORMULAS WITH

SHEAR AND MOMENT

DIAGRAMS

The American Wood Council (AWC) is part of the wood products group of the

American Forest & Paper Association (AF&PA). AF&PA is the national trade

association of the forest, paper, and wood products industry, representing member

companies engaged in growing, harvesting, and processing wood and wood fiber,

manufacturing pulp, paper, and paperboard products from both virgin and recycled

fiber, and producing engineered and traditional wood products. For more information

see www.afandpa.org.

of the information presented, and special effort has been

made to assure that the information reflects the state-of-

the-art, neither the American Forest & Paper Association

nor its members assume any responsibility for any

particular design prepared from this publication. Those

using this document assume all liability from its use.

Copyright © 2007

American Forest & Paper Association, Inc.

1111 19th St., NW, Suite 800

Washington, DC 20036

202-463-4713

awcinfo@afandpa.org

www.awc.org

AMERICAN WOOD COUNCIL

Introduction

Introduction Notations Relative to “Shear and Moment

Diagrams”

Figures 1 through 32 provide a series of shear

and moment diagrams with accompanying formulas E = modulus of elasticity, psi

for design of beams under various static loading I = moment of inertia, in.4

conditions. L = span length of the bending member, ft.

Shear and moment diagrams and formulas are R = span length of the bending member, in.

excerpted from the Western Woods Use Book, 4th M= maximum bending moment, in.-lbs.

edition, and are provided herein as a courtesy of P = total concentrated load, lbs.

Western Wood Products Association. R = reaction load at bearing point, lbs.

V = shear force, lbs.

W= total uniform load, lbs.

w = load per unit length, lbs./in.

Δ = deflection or deformation, in.

x = horizontal distance from reaction to point

on beam, in.

List of Figures

Figures

Figure 1 Simple Beam – Uniformly Distributed Load ................................................................................................ 4

Figure 2 Simple Beam – Uniform Load Partially Distributed..................................................................................... 4

Figure 3 Simple Beam – Uniform Load Partially Distributed at One End .................................................................. 5

Figure 4 Simple Beam – Uniform Load Partially Distributed at Each End ................................................................ 5

Figure 5 Simple Beam – Load Increasing Uniformly to One End .............................................................................. 6

Figure 6 Simple Beam – Load Increasing Uniformly to Center .................................................................................. 6

Figure 7 Simple Beam – Concentrated Load at Center ............................................................................................... 7

Figure 8 Simple Beam – Concentrated Load at Any Point.......................................................................................... 7

Figure 9 Simple Beam – Two Equal Concentrated Loads Symmetrically Placed....................................................... 8

Figure 10 Simple Beam – Two Equal Concentrated Loads Unsymmetrically Placed .................................................. 8

Figure 11 Simple Beam – Two Unequal Concentrated Loads Unsymmetrically Placed .............................................. 9

Figure 12 Cantilever Beam – Uniformly Distributed Load ........................................................................................... 9

Figure 13 Cantilever Beam – Concentrated Load at Free End .................................................................................... 10

Figure 14 Cantilever Beam – Concentrated Load at Any Point .................................................................................. 10

Figure 15 Beam Fixed at One End, Supported at Other – Uniformly Distributed Load ............................................. 11

Figure 16 Beam Fixed at One End, Supported at Other – Concentrated Load at Center ........................................... 11

Figure 17 Beam Fixed at One End, Supported at Other – Concentrated Load at Any Point ..................................... 12

Figure 18 Beam Overhanging One Support – Uniformly Distributed Load ............................................................... 12

Figure 19 Beam Overhanging One Support – Uniformly Distributed Load on Overhang ......................................... 13

Figure 20 Beam Overhanging One Support – Concentrated Load at End of Overhang ............................................. 13

Figure 21 Beam Overhanging One Support – Concentrated Load at Any Point Between Supports ........................... 14

Figure 22 Beam Overhanging Both Supports – Unequal Overhangs – Uniformly Distributed Load ......................... 14

Figure 23 Beam Fixed at Both Ends – Uniformly Distributed Load ........................................................................... 15

Figure 24 Beam Fixed at Both Ends – Concentrated Load at Center .......................................................................... 15

Figure 25 Beam Fixed at Both Ends – Concentrated Load at Any Point .................................................................... 16

Figure 26 Continuous Beam – Two Equal Spans – Uniform Load on One Span ....................................................... 16

Figure 27 Continuous Beam – Two Equal Spans – Concentrated Load at Center of One Span ................................. 17

Figure 28 Continuous Beam – Two Equal Spans – Concentrated Load at Any Point ................................................ 17

Figure 29 Continuous Beam – Two Equal Spans – Uniformly Distributed Load ....................................................... 18

Figure 30 Continuous Beam – Two Equal Spans – Two Equal Concentrated Loads Symmetrically Placed ............. 18

Figure 31 Continuous Beam – Two Unequal Spans – Uniformly Distributed Load ................................................... 19

Figure 32 Continuous Beam – Two Unequal Spans – Concentrated Load on Each Span Symmetrically Placed ..... 19

Figure 1 Simple Beam – Uniformly Distributed Load

ᐉ

x

wᐉ

R R

ᐉ ᐉ

2 2

V

Shear V

Mmax

Moment

7-36 A

Figure 2 Simple Beam – Uniform Load Partially Distributed

ᐉ

a b c

wb

R1 R2

V1

Shear

V2

R

a + —1

w

Mmax

Moment

7-36 B

Figure 3 Simple Beam – Uniform Load Partially Distributed at One End

ᐉ

a

wa

R1 R2

x

V1

Shear

V2

R

—1

w

Mmax

Moment

Figure 4 7-37 ASimple Beam – Uniform Load Partially Distributed at Each End

ᐉ

a b c

w1a

w2c

R1 R2

V1

V2

Shear

R1

—

w1

Mmax

Moment

7-37 B

Figure 5 Simple Beam – Load Increasing Uniformly to One End

x

W

R1 R2

.57741

V1

Shear

V2

Mmax

Moment

7-38 A

ᐉ

x

W

R R

ᐉ ᐉ

2 2

V

Shear

V

Mmax

Moment

7-38 B

Figure 7 Simple Beam – Concentrated Load at Center

x P

R R

ᐉ ᐉ

2 2

V

Shear

V

Mmax

Moment

7-39 A

x P

R1 R2

a b

V1

V2

Shear

Mmax

Moment

Figure 9 Simple Beam – Two Equal Concentrated Loads Symmetrically Placed

x P P

R R

a a

V

Shear V

Mmax

Moment

Placed

x P P

R1 R2

a b

V1

Shear V2

M2

M1

Moment

Figure 11 Simple Beam – Two Unequal Concentrated Loads Unsymmetrically

Placed

ᐉ

P1 P2

x

R1 R2

a b

V1

Shear V2

M1 M2

Moment

7-41-a

wᐉ

V

Shear

Mmax

Moment

7-41- B

Figure 13 Cantilever Beam – Concentrated Load at Free End

Shear

Mmax

Moment

Figure 14 7-42 A

Cantilever Beam – Concentrated Load at Any Point

x P

a b

Shear V

Mmax

Moment

7-42-b

AMERICAN WOOD COUNCIL

Figure 15 Beam Fixed at One End, Supported at Other – Uniformly Distributed

Load

wᐉ

R2

R1

V1

Shear

V2

3

ᐉ

8

ᐉ

—

4

M1

Mmax

Center

7-43 A

x P

R2

R1

ᐉ ᐉ

2 2

V1

Shear V2

M1

M2

3

—ᐉ

11

7-43 B

Figure 17 Beam Fixed at One End, Supported at Other – Concentrated Load at

Any Point

x P

R2

R1

a b

V1

Shear V2

M1

Moment M2

Pa

—

R2

ᐉ 7-44 A a

x x1

w(ᐉ+ a)

R1 R2

ᐉ (1 – a 2 )

2 ᐉ2

V1 V2

V3

Shear

M1

Moment

M2

a2 )

ᐉ (1 –

ᐉ2

7-44 B

AMERICAN WOOD COUNCIL

Figure 19 Beam Overhanging One Support – Uniformly Distributed Load on

Overhang

ᐉ a

x x1

wa

R1 R2

V2

V1

Shear

Mmax

Moment

7-45 A

Overhang

ᐉ a

x x1

P

R1 R2

V2

V1

Shear

Mmax

Moment

7-45 B

Figure 21 Beam Overhanging One Support – Concentrated Load at Any Point

Between Supports

x x1

R1 R2

a b

V1

V2

Shear

Mmax

Moment

Figure 22 Beam

7-46 A Overhanging Both Supports – Unequal Overhangs – Uniformly

Distributed Load

wᐉ

R1 R2

ᐉ

a b c

V2 V4

V1 V3

X

X1

M3

Mx 1

M1

M2

7-46 B

Figure 23 Beam Fixed at Both Ends – Uniformly Distributed Load

ᐉ

x

wᐉ

R R

ᐉ ᐉ

2 2

V

Shear

V

.2113 ᐉ

M1

Moment Mmax

7-47 A

Figure 24 Beam Fixed at Both Ends – Concentrated Load at Center

ᐉ

x

P

R R

ᐉ ᐉ

2 2

V

Shear

V

ᐉ

4

Mmax

Moment Mmax

7-47 B

Figure 25 Beam Fixed at Both Ends – Concentrated Load at Any Point

ᐉ

x

P

R1 R2

a b

V1

Shear V2

Ma

M1 Moment

M2

7-48 A

Figure 26 Continuous Beam – Two Equal Spans – Uniform Load on One Span

wᐉ

R1 R2 R3

ᐉ ᐉ

V1

V2 Shear V3

7ᐉ

16

Mmax

M1

Moment

7-48 B

Figure 27 Continuous Beam – Two Equal Spans – Concentrated Load at Center

of One Span

ᐉ ᐉ

2 2

P

R1 R2 R3

ᐉ ᐉ

V1 V3

V2 Shear

Mmax

M1

Moment

7-49 A

Point

a b

R1 R2 R3

ᐉ ᐉ

V1

V3

V2 Shear

Mmax

Moment

M1

7-49 B

Figure 29 Continuous Beam – Two Equal Spans – Uniformly Distributed Load

wl wl

R1 R2 R3

l l

V1 V2

V2 V3

3l/8 3l/8

M2

M1

Δ max

0.4215 l 0.4215 l

7-50 A

Figure 30 Continuous Beam – Two Equal Spans – Two Equal Concentrated Loads

Symmetrically Placed

P P

R1 R2 R3

a a a a

V1 V2

V3 V2

x

Mx M2

M1

l l

Figure 31 Continuous Beam – Two Unequal Spans – Uniformly Distributed Load

w l1 w l2

R1 R2 R3

l l

1 2

V1 V3

V4

V2

x1 x2

Mx1 Mx2

M1

Span Symmetrically Placed

P1 P2

R1 R2 R3

l l

1 2

a a b b

V3

V1

V2 V4

Mm

1 Mm

2

M1

American FForest

orest & P aper Association

Paper A F & P A®

American W ood Council

Wood

1111 19th S tree

Stree t, NW

treet,

Suite 800

Suite

Washingt on, DC 20036

ashington,

Phone: 202-463-4 713

202-463-47

Fax: 202-463-279

202-463-279

7911

awcinf o@afandpa.org

cinfo@afandpa.org

www

www.a.awc.org

.aw 11-07

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