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2015

LANCERS CONVENT

CHEMISTRY
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Q.2
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Q.6

Q.7
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Q.11

Q.12

Q.13
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Q.15

Q.16
Q.17
Q.18
Q.19

Q.20

(ELECTROCHEMISTRY)
Explain the role of salt bridge in an electrochemical cell.
What are essential conditions for a salt to be used in a salt bridge?
Explain the effect of concentration on molar conductivity for weak electrolytes and strong electrolytes
giving a suitable graph.
Explain how standard reduction potential of magnesium can be determined.
Why molar conductivity at infinite dilution can not be determined by graphical technique?
Further suggest any other alternative way to determine it.
Cell potential of a Zn- Cu cell is 1.1 volt. Explain the chemical changes which may take place when
(i)
An external source of less than 1.1 volt is connected to it.
(ii)
An external source of more than 1.1 volt is connected to it.
(iii) An external source equal to 1.1 volt is connected to it
Write the chemical reaction which take place during the
(i)
Use of lead storage battery
(ii)
Recharging of lead storage battery
Explain the working of H2 O2 fuel cell with diagram and chemical equations.
Corrosion is an electro chemical process. Justify. Explain the concept of cathodic protection from
rusting.
The resistance of a semi molar solution of an electrolyte enclosed between two platinum electrodes
1.5 cm apart and having an area of 2.0 cm2 was found to be 30 ohm. Calculate the molar conductivity
of the solution.
The molar conductivities at infinite dilution for NaI, NaAc and (Ac)2 Mg are 12.69, 9.10 and
18.78 S cm2 mol1 respectively at 25 0C. What is the molar conductivity of MgI2 at infinite
dilution?
The molar conductance of ammonium hydroxide at 0.001 M concentration is 34.0 S cm2 mol1
respectively. Calculate the degree of dissociation of NH4OH. Molar conductance at infinite dilution for
NH4OH is 271.1 ohm1 cm2 mol1.
The molar conductivity at infinite dilution of Al2(SO4)3 is 858 S cm2 mol1. Calculate the molar
ionic conductivity of Al3+ ion given that 0 (SO42) = 160 S cm2 mol1.
How much charge is required for the reduction of 0.75 mol of MnO4 to Mn2+.
Iodine (I2) and bromine (Br2) are added to a solution containing iodide (I) and bromide (Br) ions.
What reaction would occur if the concentration of each species is 1 M ? The electrode potentials\
for the reactions are :
I2 + 2e
2I, E0 = + 0.54 V

Br2 + 2e
2Br, E0 = + 1.08 V
The same quantity of electrical charge that deposited 0.583 g of silver was passed through a solution of
gold salt and 0.355 g of gold was formed. What is the oxidation state of gold in this salt?
What current in amperes is required to produce 50.0 ml of O2 gas measured at STP by electrolysis of
water for a period of 3 hrs ?
In the button cell widely used in watches and other devices the following reaction takes place :
Zn(s) + Ag2O(s) + H2O(l) Zn2+ (aq) + 2Ag(s) + OH (aq). Determine E0 and rG0 for the reaction.
What will be the spontaneous reaction when the following half reactions are combined?

(a)
Fe3+ + e
Fe2+, E0 = + 0.77 V

(b)
MnO4 + 8H + 5e
Mn2+ + 4H2O, E0 = + 1.49 V) What is the value of E0cell?
Calculate the reduction potential of the following electrode at 298 K

CHEMISTRY CLASS XII

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2015

LANCERS CONVENT

Q.21

Pt, Cl2 (2.5 atm) | HCl (0.01 M);


E0Cl2 | 2 Cl = 1.36 V
For what concentration of Ag+ (aq) will e.m.f. of the cell be zero at 250 C if concentration of Cu2+ (aq)
is 0.01 M ? Cu(s) | Cu2+ (0.01M) || Ag+ (aq) | Ag (s) [ Given : E0 (Ag+ | Ag) = 0.80 V and E0 (Cu2+ | Cu)
=
0.338 V]

CHEMISTRY
(THE SOLID STATE)
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A solid has a cubic structure in which X atoms are located at the corners of the cube, Y atoms are at
the cube centers and O atoms at the edge centers. What is the formula of the compound ?
A compound formed by elements X and Y crystallizes in the cubic structure where Y atoms are at
the corners of the cube and X atoms are at the alternate faces. What is the formula of the
compound ?
In corundum, oxide ions are arranged in h.c.p. array and the aluminium ions occupy two thirds of
octahedral voids. What is the formula of corundum ?
In a crystalline solid, having formula of AB2O4, oxide ions are arranged in cubic close packed lattice
while cations A are present in tetrahedral voids and cations B are present in octahedral voids.
a. What percentage of the tetrahedral voids is occupied by A ?
b. What percentage of the octahedral voids is occupied by B ?
In a solid, oxide ions are arranged in ccp. cations A occupy one sixth of the tetrahedral voids and
cations B occupy one third of the octahedral voids. What is the formula of the compound?
In chromium (III) chloride, CrCl3, the chloride ions have ccp (cubic close packing) arrangement and
Cr (III) ions are present in octahedral holes. What fraction of the octahedral holes is occupied ? What
fraction of the total no. of holes is occupied ?
Describe the structure of wusite (Fe0.95 O) and magnetite (Fe3O4).
The composition of a sample of wustite is Fe0.93 O1.00 .What percentage of the iron is present in the
form of Fe(III) ?
Potassium crystallizes in a body centred cubic lattice. What is the approximate number of unit cells in
4.0g of potassium?
CsCl forms b.c.c. lattice. Cs+ and Cl- are in contact along the body diagonal of the cell. The length of
the side of the unit cell is 412 pm and Cl- has a radius of 181 pm. Calculate radius of Cs+.
The effective radius of an iron atom having rock salt structure is 1.42 A0. If atomic mass of iron is
56 amu, calculate its density.
Density of NaCl crystal is 2.165 g cm-3. Calculate value of Avogadros number if distance between
Na+ and Cl- in NaCl is 281 pm.
Why is Frenkel defect not found in pure alkali metal halides ?
How would you explain that (i) Non stoichiometric NaCl is yellow (ii) Non-stoichiometric ZnO is
yellow ?
Explain the electrical conduction mechanism in silicon doped with (i) P (ii) Ga.
The ionic radii of Mg2+ and O2- ions are 66 pm and 140 pm respectively. What type of interstitial
void Mg2+ is likely to occupy? What is the probable coordination number of Mg2+ ion?
A solid A+ B- has NaCl type close packed structure. If the anion has a radius of 241.5 pm, what
should be the minimum radius of cation ? Can a cation C+ having radius 50 pm be fitted into the
tetrahedral hole of the crystal A+ B- ?

CHEMISTRY CLASS XII

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2015

LANCERS CONVENT
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How many unit cells are there in a 1.0 g cube shaped ideal crystal of NaCl ?
What minimum value of r+ / r- is needed to prevent anion anion contact in NaCl crystal?
Why does ZnS (r+ / r- = 0.402) not crystallize in the NaCl structure?
Lithium forms a b.c.c. lattice. If edge length of unit cell is 3.5 x 10-10 m and the experimental
density is 5.3 x 102 Kg m-3, calculate percentage occupancy of Li metal.
Calculate the percentage of vacant space in Si cubic unit cell. The unit cell content of Si is 8 and
3a
r=
.
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CHEMISTRY
(SOLUTION)
1.

A solution of glucose in water is 10% by mass. If density of solution is 1.2 g ml-1. Calculate
(a) Molarity

(b) Molality

(c) Mole fraction of glucose in the solution

2.

One litre solution of M / 2 HCl is heated in a beaker. It was observed that when volume of the
solution is reduced to 600 ml, 3.25 g of HCl is lost. Calculate the molarity of the new solution.

3.

Conc. H2SO4 supplied by a chemical supplier is 80%. ( = 1.8 gm ml-1). Calculate volume of this
solution required to prepare 1L of 0.2 M H2SO4 solution.

4.

The mole fraction of benzene in a solution with toluene is 0.50. Calculate the mass percent of
benzene in the solution.

The mole fraction of water in a sulphuric acid solution is 0.85. Calculate the molality of the solution.

6. How many ml. of H2SO4 of density 1.84 g ml-1 containing 95.6 mass % of H2SO4 should be added to
one litre of 40 mass % solution of H2SO4 of density 1.31 g ml-1 in order to prepare 50 mass % solution
of H2SO4 of density 1.4 gm-1.
7. 20 ml of 0.2 M Al2 (SO4)3 mixed with 20 ml of 0.6 M BaCl2. Calculate the conc. Of each ion in the
solution.
8. What is the strength in g per litre of a solution of H2SO4, 12 ml of which neutralized 15 ml of M / 10
NaOH solution ?.
9. Partial pressure of O2 in air is 0.2 atm. Calculate conc. (in mol lit-1) of dissolved O2 in water at 250C .
(KH = 4.34 x 104 atm at 250C)
10. Benzene and toluene form nearly ideal solution at 313 K, the vapour pressures of pure benezene and
toluene are 160 mm of Hg and 60 mm of Hg respectively. Calculate total pressure of the solution
containing :
(i)

equal weights of benzene and toluene

(ii)

equal molecules of benzene and toluene

CHEMISTRY CLASS XII

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2015

LANCERS CONVENT

11. The vapour pressure of liquid A is 40 mm of Hg at 310 K. The vapour pressure of solution of A with B
is 32 mm of Hg. Calculate mole fraction of A in the solution.
12. At 300 K, 36 g of glucose present per litre in it solution has an osmotic pressure of 4.98 bar.
Osmotic pressure of solution is 1.52 bar at the same temperature. What would be its concentration?
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CHEMISTRY CLASS XII

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