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Fundamentals of Petroleum Exploration V1
Assignment: A
Write short notes on any four of the following
1. Components of Crude Oil
2. Classification of crude oil industry
3. New Exploration Licensing Policy (NELP)
4. Phases of Migration
5. Characteristics of Porous Rock
6. Define petroleum. Explain types of Petroleum. What are the major tasks in oil
exploration?
7. Explain whole process of Hydrocarbon Generation.
8. Describe the trap and its classifications also discuss about Salt Dome.

Assignment: B
CASE STUDY
(Attempt all questions. Every question carries 10 marks)
Read the case Southeast Asia Offshore Oil Drilling Problem and answer the followin
g questions.
Southeast Asia Offshore Oil Drilling Problem
This case study is part of a series designed to help students and younger engine
ers develop business problem solving skills through real engineering scenarios.
Each case study will provide practical applications of specific, reallife exampl
es to develop the strategy skills that leading companies use to succeed in the m
arketplace.
Scenario
Our client, Petro-Oil, is a mid-sized oil and gas exploration and production com
pany with major areas of exploration located in South America, Gulf of Mexico, W
estern Africa, China, Eastern Europe, and several other countries.
The Board of Petro-Oil has just set an ambitious goal to be completed in the nex
t five years: To be the largest oil and gas producer in Asia by the end of 2017.
A quick market research inquiry shows three major competitor companies (Table 1
) that are larger than our client. To support their new aspirations, our client
just purchased Ceylon-II, a large deep-water oilfield offshore in the South Chin
a Sea.
Table 1: Benchmark Results (million barrels of oil equivalent):
Proven Reserves
Annual Production
Competitor A: PetroChina
15,000 1,500
Competitor B: Petronas 8,000 800
Competitor C: Pertamina
7,500 750
Client: Current Producing Assets
6,000 450
Client: Ceylon-II
6,000 0
Petro-Oil s management team has hired your company to do a diagnostic of the compa
ny s current portfolio, operations, and organization to help them understand what
they need to do to achieve this goal.
Key points and assumptions

Questions:
1.
Discuss the problem stated in the in the case-study.
2.
What are the goals of the board of Petro-Oil?

3.
4.
5.

Describe the scenario and analysis used in the


Explain the various key points and assumptions.
Elaborate the questions to develop the proper

Assignment: C
1.
Petroleum comes from the Latin
s oil.
a.
True
b.
False

petra

means rock or stone, and 'oleum' mean

2.
Petroleum occurs in the earth in combination of any of the three states:
gas, liquid and solid.
directors
a.
True
b.
False
3.

Chemically, --------------- is a mixture of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen.

a.
b.
c.
d.

Petroleum
Gold
Platinum
Coal

4.
To acquire information accurately, various ------- techniques are used t
he performance of clerical duties.
a.
Vaporization
b.
Exploitation
c.
Exploration
d.
None of these
5.
Petroleum contains complex carbon-hydrogen molecular structures called ------ that are linked together to form long chains of more complex molecules.
a.
Chains
b.
Connected Chains
c.
Complex Chains
d.
Linked Chains
6. Petroleum contains complex carbon-hydrogen molecular structures called chains
that are linked together to form long chains of more complex molecules. ------is one such hydrocarbon. a. CH2
b.
CH3
c.
CH4
d.
CH5
7. Which liquid-hydrocarbons contain varying amounts of dissolved gases, bitumen
s, and other impurities.
a.
Crude oils
b.
Natural gas
c.
Semi-solids
d.
Solid forms
8. Crude oil refers to:
a.
Gas Petroleum
b.
Liquid Petroleum
c.
Solid Petroleum
9. The ------- consists of lighter paraffin hydrocarbons.
a.
Crude oil
b.
Natural gas

c.
d.

Semi-solid
Solid forms

10. Semi and solid forms are called ------- hydrocarbons and bitumens.
a.
Heavy
b.
Light
c.
Gas
d.
Liquid
11. The major task in oil exploration is to ------- where there are geological s
tructures in which oil might have been trapped.
a.
Locate Sites
b.
Locate under sea
c.
Locate Mountain
d.
Locate land
12. The major task in oil exploration is to ------- where there are geological
structures in which oil might have been trapped.
a.
Locate Sites
b.
Locate under sea
c.
Locate Mountain
d.
Locate land
13. Geochemistry has emerged lately as a very useful tool in deciphering the hyd
rocarbon occurrences in certain areas of the basin on a ------- particularly the
gaseous type.
1. micro scale 2. macro scale
a.
Only 1
b.
Only 2
c.
1 and 2
d.
None of these
14. Crude oil was discovered in Digboi, Assam, India in:
a.
Late 17th century
b.
Late 18th century
c.
Late 19th century
d.
Late 20th century
15 Petroleum comes from the Latin words ------- and -------.
a.
Petro, Leum
b.
Petra, Leum
c.
Petra, Oleum
d.
Petro, Aleum
16. Petroleum comes from the Latin 'petra' and 'oleum'.
a.
'petra' means oil and 'oleum' means rock
b.
'petra' means rock and 'oleum' means oil
c.
'petra' means Oil and 'oleum' means stone
d.
'petra' means coal and 'oleum' means oil
17. Crude oil is soluble in:
a.
Naphtha
b.
Carbon disulfide
c.
Ether
d.
Benzene
18. In oil exploration the property of rock are:
1.
Gravity
2.
Magnetism
3.
Impedance of acoustic
4.
Sound waves within the rock formations
a.
1 and 2
b.
2 and 3
c.
1 and 3
d.
1, 2, 3 and 4

19. Oil exploration is the property of rock in terms of gravity, magnetism and i
mpedance of acoustic or sound waves within the rock formations. These properties
of rocks are grouped as -------. a. Geophysical Properties
b.
Geochemical Properties
c.
Biological Properties
d.
Geological Properties
20. Digboi is known as the ------- of Assam where the first oil well in ------was drilled.
a.
Petroleum City, Asia
b.
Oil City, Asia
c.
Oil City, India
d.
Petroleum City, India
21. Read the following statements and tell which of the mentioned option is CORR
ECT:
1.
The current production from the Digboi oi fields is about 240 barrels/da
y.
2.
Over 1,000 wells have been drilled at Digboi.
a.
True, True
b.
True, False
c.
False, True
b.
False, False
22. Read the following statements and tell which of the mentioned option is CORR
ECT:
1.
Digboi is now Headquarter of Assam Oil Division of Indian Oil Corporatio
n Limited.
2.
The Digboi oil field produced close to 7,000barrels/day of crude oil at
its peak, which was during World War II.
a.
True, True
b.
True, False
c.
False, True
b.
False, False
23. Petroleum occurs in the earth in combination of any of the four states:
a.
Gas and Liquid
b.
Semi-solid and Solid
c.
Gas and Solid
d.
Liquid and Semi-solid
24. Chemically, petroleum is a mixture of
1.
Carbon, Hydrogen and Oxygen (i.e Hydrocarbons)
2.
Minor amounts of nitrogen, oxygen, and sulphur as impurities
3. Traces of heavy metals
a.
1 and 2
b.
2 and 3
c.
1 and 3
d.
1, 2 and 3
25. Read the following statements and tell which of the mentioned option is CORR
ECT:
1.
Assam Oil Company is part of Indian Oil
2.
Indian Oil Company is part of Assam Oil company
3.
Digboi is a name after the incidence when "Dig boy, dig', shouted the Ca
nadian engineer, Mr W L Lake, at his men as they watched elephants emerging out
of the dense forest with oil stains on their feet".
a.
True, True, True
b.
False, True, True
c.
True, True, False
d.
False, False, False
26. These types of petroleum are:

1.
Thick crude oil
2.
Lighter crude oil
3.
Very light crude oil
4.
Petroleum in solid state at room temperature
a.
1, 2 and 3
b.
2, 3 and 4
c.
3, 4 and 1
d.
1, 2, 3 and 4
27. Read the following statements and tell which of the mentioned option is CO
RRECT:
1.
Natural gas consists of lighter paraffin hydrocarbons, the most abundant
being methane gas (CH4).
2.
Semi and solid forms are called heavy hydrocarbons and bitumens.
3.
Crude oil refers to liquid petroleum as similer to refined oil.
a.
True, True, True
b.
False, True, True
c.
True, True, False
d.
False, False, False

28. Petroleum occurs in the earth in combination of any of these states:


a.
Gas
b.
Liquid
c.
Semi-solid
d.
Solid
29. One of the problems with finding new fossil fuel deposits in developing coun
tries is that ----------.
A.
It is very expensive to transport the deposit elsewhere
B.
Those countries tend to keep the resource for themselves, not sharing wi
th other countries
C.
International companies move in to harvest the new deposit, and very lit
tle money or resource remains in the country.
D.
Their governments seldom allow extraction of the deposit without meeting
expensive environmental regulations
E.
Their governments seldom allow extraction of the deposit without imposin
g huge taxes to fund new social benefits for the country
30. Kerogens classified into three types. Macth the following:
Type I (Algal/Sapropelic)
Type II (Liptinic)
Type III (Humic)
1.
Consisting of mainly algal and amorphous organic matter.
2.
Woody terrestrial source material.
3.
Mixed terrestrial and marine source material.
a.
Type I (Algal/Sapropelic) - 1, Type II (Liptinic) - 2 and
c) - 3
b.
Type I (Algal/Sapropelic) - 3, Type II (Liptinic) - 2 and
c) - 1
c.
Type I (Algal/Sapropelic) - 1, Type II (Liptinic) - 3 and
c) - 2
d.
Type I (Algal/Sapropelic) - 2, Type II (Liptinic) - 1 and
c) - 3

Type III (Humi


Type III (Humi
Type III (Humi
Type III (Humi

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