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Part 1

midas Civil

........................................................................................................... 3

........................................................................................................... 4

........................................................................................................... 5

3.1 ............................................................................................................................ 5
3.1.1

.................................................................................................................. 5

3.1.2

....................................................................................... 5

3.1.3

.......................................................................................................... 6

3.1.4

...................................................................................................... 6

3.2 ........................................................................................................................ 8
3.2.1

.................................................................................................................. 8

3.2.2

....................................................................................... 8

3.2.3

.......................................................................................................... 8

3.2.4

...................................................................................................... 8

3.3 ................................................................................................................................ 8
3.3.1

.................................................................................................................. 8

3.3.2

.......................................................................................................... 9

3.3.3

.................................................................................................................. 9

3.4 ...................................................................................................................... 12
3.4.1

................................................................................................................ 12

3.4.2

..................................................................................... 12

3.4.3

................................................................................................................ 12

3.4.4

.................................................................................................... 13

3.5 .............................................................................................................................. 13
3.5.1

................................................................................................................ 13

3.5.2

..................................................................................... 13

3.5.3

................................................................................................................ 13

3.5.4

........................................................................................................ 14

3.6 .................................................................................................................. 15
3.6.1

................................................................................................................ 15

3.6.2

..................................................................................... 16

3.6.3

................................................................................................................ 17

3.6.4

............................................................................................................ 17
| 1

3.6.5

........................................................................................................ 19

3.6.6

.................................................................................................... 20

3.7 .................................................................................................................. 23
3.7.1

................................................................................................................ 23

3.7.2

..................................................................................... 23

3.7.3

................................................................................................................ 25

3.7.4

............................................................................................................ 25

3.7.5

........................................................................................................ 27

3.7.6

.................................................................................................... 28

3.8 ...................................................................................................................... 30
3.8.1

................................................................................................................ 30

3.8.2

..................................................................................... 31

3.8.3

................................................................................................................ 32

3.8.4

.................................................................................................... 32

3.9 .............................................................................................................................. 34
3.9.1

................................................................................................................ 34

3.9.2

..................................................................................... 35

3.9.3

........................................................................................................ 35

3.9.4

............................................................................................................ 36

3.9.5

........................................................................................................ 37

3.9.6

.................................................................................................... 38

3.10 ........................................................................................................................ 42
3.10.1

.............................................................................................................. 42

3.10.2

............................................................... 42

3.10.3

...................................................................................................... 43

3.10.4

.......................................................................................................... 44

3.10.5

...................................................................................................... 46

3.10.6

.................................................................................................. 48

......................................................................................... 52

4.1 .................................................................................. 54
4.2 .............................................................................................................................. 56
4.3 .................................................................................................................. 58
4.4 .................................................................................................................. 59
4.5 ...................................................................................................................... 59
4.6 .............................................................................................................................. 59
4.7 .......................................................................................................................... 60
4.8 .................................................................................................................. 61
5

..................................................................................................... 62

5.1 .......................................................................................................................... 63
2 |

5.2 .................................................................................................................. 63
5.3 ...................................................................................................................... 64
5.4 ...................................................................................................................... 70
5.5 ...................................................................................................................... 71
5.6 .......................................................................................................................... 72
5.7 ...................................................................................................... 73
6

................................................................................................................ 74

6.1 .......................................................................................................................... 74
6.2 .................................................................................................................. 74
6.3 .................................................................................................................. 76
6.4 ...................................................................................... 78
6.5 .................................................................................................................. 80
6.6 .................................................................................................................. 81
6.7 .................................................................................................................. 86
6.8 .................................................................................................................. 87
6.8.1

............................................................................................. 87

6.8.2

............................................................................................. 94

6.9 .......................................................................................................... 95
6.10 .......................................................................................................... 101

Part 2

midas Civil

....................................................................................................... 105

.............................................................................................................. 106

2.1 ................................................................................................................................ 106


2.2 ........................................................................................ 106
3

....................................................................................................... 108

3.1 .................................................................................................................... 108


3.2 .................................................................................................................... 112
3.3 ................................................................................................................ 115
3.4 ........................................................................................................................ 116
3.5 ........................................................................................................................ 117
3.5.1

.............................................................................................................. 117

3.5.2

................................................................................... 117

3.5.3 ......................................................................................... 119


4

...................................................................................................................... 120

4.1 ................................................................................................................................ 120


| 3

4.2 ........................................................................................................................ 121


4.3 ........................................................................................................................ 123
4.3.1

........................................... 124

4.3.2

................................................................... 125

4.4 ........................................................................................ 125


4.4.1

...................................................................................................................... 125

4.4.2

................................................... 127

4.5 ........................................................................................................................ 128


4.6 ................................................................................................................ 129
4.7 ............................................................................ 129
4.8 ........................................................................................ 129
5

.......................................................................................................... 131

................................................................................................... 135

6.1 .................................................................................................................... 135


6.2 .................................................................................................................... 137
6.3 ................................................................................................................ 139
7

.............................................................................................................. 141

.......................................................................................................... 144

8.1 ................................................................................................................................ 144


8.2 ............................................................................................................ 145
8.2.1

- ..................................................................................................... 146

8.2.2

.................................................................................................................. 147

8.3 P-DELTA ................................................................................................................... 149


8.4 .................................................................................................................... 151
8.4.1

...................................................................................................................... 151

8.4.2

.............................................................................................. 151

8.5 .................................................................................................... 152

4 |

8.5.1

.............................................................................................................. 152

8.5.2

................................................................................... 153

8.5.3

........................................................... 154

8.5.4

........................................................... 157

8.5.5

.............................................................................................................. 158

8.5.6

....................................................................................... 159

8.5.7

...................................................................................................... 159

8.5.8

...................................................................................................................... 164

8.5.9

.......................................................................................................................... 164

8.5.10

............................................................................................................ 165

8.5.11

.................................................................................................... 167

8.5.12

................................................................................................ 168

8.5.13

- ....................................................................................................... 170

8.5.14

- ....................................................................................................... 171

8.5.15

........................................................................................................ 172

8.6 ............................................................................................................ 172


8.6.1

.............................................................................................................. 172

8.6.2

.............................................................................................................. 175

8.6.3

.............................................................................................................. 175

8.6.4

.............................................................................................. 179

8.6.5

.............................................................................................................. 181

8.6.6

........................................................... 183

8.7 ............................................................................................................ 186


8.7.1

...................................................................................................................... 186

8.7.2

.............................................................................................................. 187

8.7.3

........................................................................................... 188

8.7.4

.......................................................................................................... 192

8.7.5

.......................................................................................................... 196

8.7.6

.............................................................................................................. 196

8.7.7

............................................................... 197

8.7.8

...................................................................................................... 210

8.7.9

Pushover .......................................................... 214

8.7.10

............................................................................................ 218

8.7.11

............................................................................. 220

8.7.12

Pushover ............................................................................................ 221

................................................................................................... 222

9.1 ................................................................................................................................ 222


9.1.1

............................................................................... 222

9.1.2

.................................................................................................................. 224

9.1.3

...................................................................................................... 225

9.1.4

....................................................................................... 226

9.1.5

- ..................................................................................................... 226

9.2 .................................................................................................................... 227


9.2.1

...................................................................................................... 227

9.2.2

........................................................................................... 231

9.2.3

.................................................................................................. 232

9.3 .................................................................................................... 232


9.3.1

...................................................................................................... 232

9.3.2

.............................................................................................. 234

9.4 ................................................................................................................ 235


| 5

9.4.1

....................................................................................... 236

9.4.2

........................................................................................... 237

9.4.3

........................................................................................... 238

9.4.4

....................................................................................... 239

9.4.5

.............................................................................................. 240

9.4.6

....................................................................................... 241

9.4.7

....................................................................................... 242

9.4.8

....................................................................................... 245

9.4.9

............................................................................... 246

9.4.10

............................................................................. 248

9.4.11

..................................................................................... 249

9.4.12

..................................................................................... 249

9.4.13

..................................................................................... 250

9.4.14

..................................................................................... 252

9.4.15

..................................................................................... 253

9.4.16

- ............................................................................... 254

9.4.17

- ................................................................................... 255

9.5 .................................................................................................................... 256


9.5.1

...................................................................................................... 257

9.5.2

P-M P-M-M ..................................................................................... 258

9.5.3

.......................................................................................................... 259

9.6 ........................................................................................................................ 261


9.6.1

.............................................................................................. 265

9.6.2

........................................................................................... 267

10

..................................................................................................... 274

10.1 .............................................................................................................................. 274


10.2 .............................................................................................................. 274
10.2.1

........................................................................................................ 275

10.2.2

................................................................................................ 278

10.2.3

........................................................................................................ 280

10.2.4

..................................................................................... 280

10.3 .............................................................................................. 281


10.4 .................................................................................................. 283
10.4.1

.................................................................................................... 283

10.4.2

.................................................................................................... 284

10.5 .................................................................................................. 284

6 |

10.5.1

() ...................................... 285

10.5.2

............................................................................................ 285

10.5.3

................................................................................................ 287

10.5.4

......................................................... 287

10.5.5

() .................................................. 288

11

........................................................................................................ 290

11.1 .................................................................................................................. 290


11.1.1

.................................................................................................................... 290

11.1.2

.................................................................................................................... 291

11.1.3

.................................................................................................................... 291

11.1.4

.................................................................................................................... 292

11.1.5

............................................................................................................ 292

11.1.6

............................................................................................................ 292

11.1.7

............................................................................................................ 292

11.2 .................................................................................................................. 293


11.2.1

......................................................................................... 293

11.2.2

......................................... 295

11.2.3

............................................................................. 296

11.2.4

................................................................................................ 296

11.2.5

................................................................................................ 296

11.3 .......................................................................................................... 296


12

PSC ...................................................................................................... 299

12.1 ...................................................................................................... 299


12.2 .............................................................................................................. 300
12.2.1

l1 .................................... 300

12.2.2

l2 ................................ 301

12.2.3

l4 ............................................................ 302

12.2.4

l5 ................................................ 303

12.2.5

l6 .................................................... 306

12.3 .................................................................................................................. 306


13

..................................................................................................... 308

13.1 .............................................................................................................. 309


13.1.1

.................................................................................................................... 309

13.1.2

................................................................................................................ 310

13.2 .............................................................................................. 311


13.3 .......................................................................................................... 317
13.4 .......................................................................................................... 318
13.5 .......................................................................................... 318
13.6 ...................................................................................................................... 318
14

..................................................................................................... 319

| 7

15

......................................................................................... 320

16

...................................................................... 321

Part3
1

midas Civil

RC ......................................................................................... 327

1.1 RC ................................................................................................. 327


1.1.1

- ............................................................................. 327

1.1.2

- ............................................................................. 329

1.1.3

-.................................................................. 331

1.1.4

- ................................................................................. 332

1.1.5

- ......................................................................................... 335

1.1.6

- ......................................................................................... 336

1.1.7

- ............................................................................. 337

1.1.8

- ............................................................................. 341

1.1.9

- ......................................................................................... 345

1.1.10

- ............................................................................... 350

1.1.11

- ....................................................................................... 354

1.1.12

-/ .......................................... 355

1.1.13

-/ .......................................... 358

1.2 RC ......................................................................................................... 360


1.3 RC ................................................................................................. 364
2

PSC ........................................................... 370

2.1 PSC ................................................................................................ 370


2.1.1

................................................................................... 370

2.1.2

................................................................................... 372

2.1.3

................................................................................... 374

2.1.4

................................................................................... 376

2.1.5

............................................................................... 377

2.1.6

........................................................................... 378

2.1.7

....................................................................................... 379

2.1.8

...................................................................................................... 381

2.1.9

.............................................................................................. 382

2.1.10

................................................................................. 383

2.1.11

................................................................................ 385

2.1.12

............................................................................................ 388

2.1.13

............................................................................................ 390

2.2 PSC ........................................................................................................ 393


8 |

2.3 PSC ................................................................................................. 396


3

............................................................................................... 400

3.1 ........................................................................................ 400


3.1.1

...................................................................................................... 400

3.1.2

...................................................................................................... 402

3.1.3

...................................................................................................... 403

3.1.4

.............................................................................................. 404

3.1.5

.............................................................................................. 406

3.1.6

.............................................................................................. 408

3.1.7

.............................................................................................. 410

3.1.8

................................................................................... 411

3.1.9

....................................................................... 412

3.1.10

......................................................... 414

3.1.11

............................................................. 416

3.1.12

................................................................. 418

3.1.13

..................................................................... 419

3.1.14

............................................................................................ 420

3.2 ................................................................................................ 421


3.3 ........................................................................................ 427
4

RC ........................................................................ 434

4.1 RC ................................................................................................. 434


4.1.1

- ......................................................................................... 434

4.1.2

- ..................................................................................... 436

4.1.3

- ............................................................................................. 437

4.1.4

- ................................................................................................. 438

4.1.5

- ......................................................................................... 440

4.1.6

- ......................................................................................... 441

4.1.7

- ......................................................................................... 442

4.1.8

- ..................................................................................... 444

4.1.9

- ............................................................................................. 445

4.1.10

- ........................................................................................... 446

4.1.11

- ............................................................................................... 447

4.1.12

- ................................................................................................... 449

4.2 RC ......................................................................................................... 450


4.3 RC ................................................................................................. 453
5

PSC ...................................................................... 458

5.1 PSC ........................................................................................ 458


5.1.1

- ................................................................................................. 458
| 9

5.1.2

- ............................................................................................. 460

5.1.3

- ............................................................................................. 462

5.1.4

- ..................................................................... 464

5.1.5

- ..................................................................... 466

5.1.6

-.................................................................. 468

5.1.7

-.............................................................. 469

5.1.8

- .......................................................... 471

5.1.9

-.................................................................. 473

5.1.10

- ....................................................................... 474

5.1.11

- .................................................... 476

5.1.12

- .................................................... 476

5.1.13

- ............................................................................................... 479

5.1.14

- ................................................................................... 480

5.1.15

- ................................................................................... 483

5.1.16

- ................................................................... 485

5.1.17

- ............................................................... 487

5.1.18

- ........................................................... 488

5.1.19

- ............................................................... 489

5.1.20

- .................................................... 490

5.1.21

- .................................................... 491

5.2 PSC ........................................................................................................ 492


5.3 PSC ................................................................................................ 495
6

............................................................................................... 501

6.1 ........................................................................................ 501


6.1.1

....................................................................................... 501

6.1.2

........................................................................................... 503

6.1.3

........................................................................................... 504

6.1.4

.................................................................................................. 505

6.1.5

.................................................................................................. 506

6.1.6

........................................................................... 507

6.2 ................................................................................................ 508


6.3 ........................................................................................ 512

10 |

Part1

Part 1

midas Civil

midas Civil

| 1

2 |

Finite Element

| 3

midas Civil
1

(Global Coordinate System)

(Element Coordinate System)

(Node local Coordinate System)

X Y Z
(Conventional Cartesian Coordinate System) XYZ

midas Civil
X=0Y=0Z=0
Z
Z
xyz
xyz

xyz
xyz

(Xi, Yi, Zi)

1.2.1

4 |

midas Civil
1
2
3
4
5/
6
7
8
9
10

3.1

3.1.1

2
(Space Truss)(Diagonal Brace)

3.1.2

x yz

| 5

midas Civil yz

x N1 N2
1.3.1 x Z X
z x
x Z
Z x-z

N1X
X
N1Y
Y
N1 Z
Z
GCS -

a x Z

GCS-

b x Z
1.3.1

3.1.3

3.1.4
6 |

1.3.2 +

y
Axial Force

Axial Force

1.3.2

1.3.3

Civil

| 7

3.2
3.2.1

=0

>0

(b)

1.3.4

3.2.2

3.2.3

3.2.4

3.3
3.3.1

8 |

1.3.5

3.3.2

(sag)

K comb

1.3.1

EA
2 L2 EA
L 1
12T 3

1.3.2

EA
12T 3
K sag 2 3
L
L

1.3.3

K comb

K elastic

1/ K sag

1
1/ K elastic

E
A
L
w
T

3.3.3

midas Civil
1.3.6 i 123, j 45
0
0
0
0
0
0
6 F 1F 2F 3F 4F 5F 6 F1F2F3F4 F5F6

F4 F1

1.3.4
| 9

F5 F2
F6 F3 w0l0 w0=w

1.3.5
1.3.6

lx lx0 D1 D4 f (F1, F2 , F3 )

1.3.7

l y l y 0 2 5 g ( F1 , F2 , F3 )

1.3.8

lz lz 0 D3 D6 h(F1, F2 , F3 )

1.3.9

1.3.6

([F])
([K])

10 |

dlx =

f
f
f
d F1 +
d F2 +
d F3
F1
F2
F3

dl y

g
g
g
dF1
dF2
dF3
F1
F2
F3

dlz

h
h
h
dF1
dF2
dF3
F1
F2
F3

1.3.10

F1
dl
dF
x
1

dl y F dF2 F
dl
dF
F1
z
3
h

F1

f
F2
g
F2
h
F2

F3
f11
g
f 21
F3
f 31
h

F3

f12
f 22
f 32

f13

f 23

f 33

dF1
dlx


-1
dF2 K dl y (K=F )
dF
dl
3
z

1.3.11

1.3.12

f11

L
F2
f
1
0 ln F3 wL0 B ln F3 A 1
F1
EA0 w
w

1
1
2
2

B F3 wL0 B A F3 A
1.3.13

f12

FF
f
1 2
F2
w

f13

1
1
2
2

B F3 wL0 B A F3 A

F A
F F wL0 B
f
1 2 3
23

F3
w B F3 wL0 B A F3 A

f 21

f 22

g
f12
F1

L
F2
g
1
0 ln F3 wL0 B ln F3 A 2
F2
EA0 w
w

1.3.14

1.3.15

1.3.16

1
1
2
2

B F3 wL0 B A F3 A
1.3.17

F
g
2 f13
F3 F1

1.3.18

F 1 1
h
1
F1
w B A

1.3.19

F
h
2 f31
F2 F1

1.3.20

f 23
f 31

f32

| 11

f 33

L
h
1 F wL0 F3
0 3

F3
EA0 w
B
A

A F12 F22 F32 , B F12 F22 F3 wL0


1/2

1.3.21

2 1/2

dF KT d

1.3.22
1.3.23

F1

1

F2

1

F3

1
KT
F1

1
F
1
1
F
1
1

F1
2

F1
3

F1
4

F1
5

F2
2

F2
3

F2
4

F2
5

F3
2

F3
3

F3
4

F3
5

F1
2

F1
3

F1
4

F1
5

F2
2

F2
3

F2
4

F2
5

F3
2

F3
3

F3
4

F3
5

F1
6

F2
6
F3

6 Fii

F1 Fii

6
F
2
6
F
3
6

Fij
Fij

1.3.24

3.4
3.4.1

(Cap Distance)

3.4.2

3.4.3
12 |

3.4.4

>0

=0

a
1.3.7

b)

3.5
3.5.1

midas Civil
x (Linear Variation) x 1
2 3

3.5.2

3.5.3

| 13

3.5.4

1.3.8 +

Shearz
Momentz

x
Axial Force
Torque

Momenty
Sheary
3/4

2/4

Sheary

1/4

Momenty
Torque
Axial Force
Momentz
Shearz

* +
1.3.8

14 |

1.3.9

3.6
3.6.1

3 4

Isoparametric Plan Stress


Formulation with Incompatible Modes)
(Poisson Effects)

| 15

3.6.2

xy

xyz
1.3.10
N1N2N3N4
z N1 N4
N2 N3 x
x y
N1N2 x
yz
z

(N1N2N3N4)
y
x

x
(N1 N2)

a
z

(N1N2N3)
y
x

x
(N1 N2)

b
1.3.10

16 |

3.6.3

P2
P2
N4

N1

P2

N3

N2

P2

1.3.11

3.6.4

1. 3
1/31/3

N3

1 1
P ,
3 3
P

N1

x
1.3.12

N2

N1 1 N 2 N3

| 17

i 1

x p Ni xi , y p Ni yi

1.3.25

1/3 1/3
3
1
1
1
1 1
x p Ni xi 1 x1 x2 x3 x1 x2 x3
3
3
3
3 3
i 1

yp

1
y1 y2 y3
3

1.3.26

1.3.27

2. 4
4 Pi

N3

N4

P3
P4

1
1
P1
,

3
3

1
1
P2
,

3
3

1
3

1 1
P3
,

3 3
1 1
P4
,

3 3

P1

P2

N1

1
3

1.3.13

1
3

1
3

N2

N1

1
1
1
1
1 1 , N2 1 1 , N3 1 1 , N4 1 1
4
4
4
4
1.3.28

Pi
P1 x
4

x p1 Ni xi
i 1

1
2 3 x1 x2 2 3 x3 x4

18 |

1.3.29

3.6.5

2 3
1
2 3
1 x1

2 3
1
2 3 x2
1
xp

6
2 3
1 x3


2 3 x4
symmetry

1.3.30

2 3
1
2 3
1 y1

2 3
1
2 3 y2
1
yp

6
2 3
1 y3


2 3 y4
symmetry

1.3.31

1
1

t 1

t 1

1
1.3.14

1
s 1

s 1

4
s

, t 3

1.3.32

| 19

N Ni i

i 1, 2, 3, 4

1.3.33

1
4

1
N1 Ni i 1 3 1 3 1 1 3 1 3 2
i 1


1
4 2 3
4


4 2 3

1 3 1 3 3 1 3 1 3 4

2 2

1.3.34

2 4

2 3
1
2 3
1 1
N 1


2 3
1
2 3 2
N2 1



2 3
1 3
N 3 2
N 4


2 3 4

3.6.6

1.3.35

(Gauss Point)
(Extrapolation)

1.3.15 +

1.3.16 +

20 |

Fy3

Fx1

Fy1

Fy2
a

b
1.3.15

* +

xy

xy
x

xy
xy
y
a

x x
y y
xy x-y
| 21

x : x
y : y
xy : x-y
1 : =
2 : =

x + y
2
x + y
2

x y
2
+
+ xy
2

x y
2

+ xy
2

x y
2
max : =
+ xy
2

: x
2

eff : von-Mises Stress = (12 1 2 + 2 2 )

1.3.16

1.3.17

22 |

3.7
3.7.1

(Dam)(Tunnel)

(Isoparametric Plane Strain Formulation with Incompatible Models)

midas Civil x-z 1.0()


1.3.18

(Poisson Effects)

1.0

1.3.18

3.7.2

XZ

xyz
1.3.19
N1N2N3N4
z N1 N4
N2 N3 x
x y

| 23

N1N2
x yz
* +

y
x

(N1N2N3N4)

y
x

(N1N2N3)

z
x
N1N2

b
1.3.19

24 |

3.7.3

1.3.20

P2
P2

N1

P2

N3

N4

N2

P2

1.3.20

3.7.4

13
1/31/3

N3

1 1
P ,
3 3
P

N1

x
1.3.21

N2

3
| 25

N1 1 N 2 N3

x p Ni xi
i 1

, z p Ni zi

1.3.36

1/ 3 1/ 3
3
1 1
1
1
1

x p Ni xi 1 x1 x2 x3 x1 x2 x3
3 3
3
3
3

i 1

zp

1
z1 z2 z3
3

1.3.37
1.3.38

24
4 Pi

N3

N4

P3
P4

1
3

P1

P2

N1

1
3

1.3.22

1
3

1
3

1
1
P1
,

3
3

1
1
P2
,

3
3
1 1
P3
,

3 3
1 1
P4
,

3 3

N2

N1

1
1
1 1 , N2 1 1
4
4

N3

1
1
1 1 , N4 1 1
4
4

1.3.39

Pi
P1 x

26 |

x p1 Ni xi
i 1

1
2 3 x1 x2 2 3 x3 x4

1.3.40

2 3
1
2 3
1 x1

2 3
1
2 3 x2
1
xp

6
2 3
1 x3


2 3 x4
symmetry

3.7.5

1.3.41

1
1

t 1

t 1

1.3.23

1
s 1

s 1

4
s

, t 3

1.3.42

N Ni i

1.3.43

i 1

| 27

1
N 1 Ni i 1 3 1 3 1 1 3 1 3 2
4

i 1


1
4 2 3 2 4 2 3
4

1 3 1 3 3 1 3 1 3 4

1.3.44

2 4

2 3
1
2 3
1 1
N 1


2 3
1
2 3 2
N2 1



2 3
1 3
N 3 2
N 4


2 3 4

1.3.45

3.7.6

1.3.24 Segment

(Gauss Point)
(Extrapolation)

1.3.19 +

1.3.24 +
y

xx
xy
z

zz

yy
yx
zz

yx
yy

y
3

xy

xx

28 |

3
b

1
x

xx : x
yy : y
zz : z
xy yx : x-y
1, 2, 3 : 1
23
, - I 1 - I 2 - I 3 = 0
3

I 1 = xx yy zz
I2 =

xx

xy

xy

yy

xx

xz

xz

zz

yy

yz

yz

zz

xx

xy

xz

I 3 xy

yy

yz , xz zy 0

xz

yz

zz

: x-y1x

1 2 2 3 3 1
,
,
2
2
2

max : = max
eff : von-Mises Stress

( 1 2 ) 2 ( 2 3 ) 2 ( 3 1 ) 2

oct : Octahedral Normal Stress

oct : Octahedral Shear Stress

1.3.24

( 1 + 2 + 3 )

( 1 2 ) 2 ( 2 3 ) 2 ( 3 1 ) 2

| 29

1.3.25

3.8
3.8.1

(
)(Isoparametric
Formulation)

3 2
midas Civil Z
X-Z Z X
X (X0)
1 1.3.25

(XY, YZ) (XY, YZ)


Z

1.0

1.3.26
30 |

3.8.2

XZ

xyz
1.3.26
N1N2N3N4
z N1 N4
N2 N3 x
x y
N1N2 x
y z
*

+
y
x FZ3

FZ4

FX3

FX4

(N1N2N3N4)

x
z

FX1

FX2
FZ1
FZ2

a
FZ3

y
x

FX3

(N1N2N3)

z
x
N1N2

FX1

FX2

FZ1
FZ2

b
1.3.27

| 31

3.8.3

1.3.28

P2
P2
3

N4

N1

P2

N3

N2

P2

1.3.28

3.8.4

1.3.29 Segment

(Gauss Point)
(Extrapolation)

1.3.27 +

1.3.29 +
*
32 |

zz

xy

yy
yx
zz

xx

xy

xx

yx
yy

xx : x
yy : y
zz : z
xy yx : x-y
1, 2, 3 : 1
23
, - I 1 - I 2 - I 3 = 0
3

I 1 = xx yy zz
I2 =

xx

xy

xy

yy

xx

xz

xz

zz

yy

yz

yz

zz

xx

xy

xz

I 3 xy

yy

yz , yz zx 0

xz

yz

zz

: x-y1x

1 2 2 3 3 1
,
,
2
2
2

max : = max
eff : von-Mises Stress

( 1 2 ) 2 ( 2 3 ) 2 ( 3 1 ) 2

oct : Octahedral Normal Stress

oct : Octahedral Shear Stress

1.3.29

( 1 + 2 + 3 )

( 1 2 ) 2 ( 2 3 ) 2 ( 3 1 ) 2

| 33

1.3.30

3.9
3.9.1

3 4 Plate Element)

midas Civil DKT/DKQ(Discrete Kichhoff Element)


DKMT/DKMQ(Discrete Kirchhoff-Mindlin Element)
Kirchhoff Plate Theory Mindlin-Reissner Plate Theory

LST(Linear Strain Triangle)


(Isoparametric Plane Stress
Formulation with Incompatible Modes)

(Isoparametric Plane Stress Formulation


with Incompatible Modes)
Allman

(In-plane Stiffness)
(Out-of-Plane-Stiffness)

34 |

3.9.2

xyz
xy
xyz
1.3.31

3.9.3

(N1N2N3N4)
y
x

x
(N1 N2)

a
z

(N1N2N3)
y
x

x
(N1 N2)

b
1.3.31

| 35

3.9.4

13
1/31/3

N3

1 1
P ,
3 3
P

N1

N2

1.3.32

N1 1 N 2 N3

x p Ni xi
i 1

, y p Ni yi

1.3.46

1/3 1/3
3
1 1
1
1
1

x p Ni xi 1 x1 x2 x3 x1 x2 x3
3
3
3
3
3

i 1

yp

1
y1 y2 y3
3

1.3.48

24
4 Pi

N3

N4

P3
P4

1
3

P1

P2

N1

1
3

1.3.33
36 |

1
3

1
3

1.3.47

1
1
P1
,

3
3

1
1
P2
,

3
3
1 1
P3
,

3 3
1 1
P4
,

3 3

N2

N1

1
1
1
1
1 1 , N2 1 1 , N3 1 1 , N4 1 1 1.3.49
4
4
4
4

Pi
P1 x
4

x p1 Ni xi
i 1

1
2 3 x1 x2 2 3 x3 x4

1.3.50

3.9.5

2 3
1
2 3
1 x1

2 3
1
2 3 x2
1
xp

6
2 3
1 x3


2 3 x4
symmetry

1.3.51

2 3
1
2 3
1 y1

2 3
1
2 3 y2
1
yp

6
2 3
1 y3


2 3 y4
symmetry

1.3.52

1
1

t 1

t 1

1.3.34

1
s 1

s 1

4
| 37

, t 3

1.3.53

N Ni i

i 1, 2, 3, 4

1.3.54

1
4

1
N 1 Ni i 1 3 1 3 1 1 3 1 3 2
i 1


1
4 2 3 2 4 2 3
4

1 3 1 3 3 1 3 1 3 4

1.3.55

2 4

2 3
1
2 3
1 1
N 1


2 3
1
2 3 2
N2 1



2 3
1 3
N 3 2
N 4


2 3 4

3.9.6

1.3.56

(Gauss Point)
(Extrapolation)

1.3.35 +

38 |

1.3.36
+

(Top Surface)
(Bottom Surface) 1.3.37 +
* +
Fz4
Fy4

Fx4
Mx4

M y4
N4

Fz 3

Fz1

My3 Fy3

Fx1 Mx1

N3

N1

Mx3 Fx3

Fy1 My1
Fz2

M x2
Fy 2

Mx2
N2

Fx 2

(a)
Fz3
M x3

My3

Fx3

Fz1

Fy 3
y

N3 z

Mx1
Fx1
Fy1

Fz2

N1
My1

M x2
M y2
Fy2

N2

Fx2

(b)
1.3.35

* +
N4

N3

N3

N1
N1

x
x

N2

N2

a
| 39

c
1.3.36

* +

xy

xy
x

xy
xy
y
b
40 |

x : x
y : y
xy : x-y
1 : =

2 : =

x + y
2
x + y
2

x y
2
+ xy
2
2

x y
2

+ xy
2
2

x y
2
: =
+ xy
2

max

: x
eff : von-Mises Stress =

1.3.37

( 1 1 2 + 2 )
2

1.3.38

| 41

3.10

3.10.1

4 6 8 (Solid
Element)(Solid Structure)(Thick
Shell)

(Isoparametric Formulation with Incompatible


Modes)

3.10.2

5
6
4

1
a8 Hexahedron
2(N4N5
N6)

1N1N2
N3

b6 Wedge
1.3.39
42 |

b4 Tetrahedron

XYZ

xyz
1

1.3.39 4 6
8

3.10.3

1.3.40
* +
2

1.3.40

| 43

3.10.4

14
1/41/41/4

N4
N3

N1 1

N2

N1

N3

N2

1 1 1
P , ,
4 4 4

1.3.41

N4

P
4
1 1 1
1
1
1
1

x p Ni xi 1 x1 x2 x3 x4 x1 x2 x3 x4 1.3.57
4
4
4
4
4
4
4

i 1
4

y p Ni yi
i 1

1
y1 y2 y3 y4
4

26
6 Pi

1 1
P1 , ,
6 6
2 1
P2 , ,
3 6

N4

N5

P4
P5

P6

1
3

N6

z
x

P1

y
P2

N1

N2

1.3.42

1
44 |

P3

1
3

3
1

3
1
1 2
P3 , ,

3
6 3
1 1 1
P4 , ,

6 6 3
2 1 1
P5 , ,

3 6 3

1.3.58

N1
N4

(1 )

N2

(1 )

( 1 ) N3

N5

( 1 ) N6

( 1 )

1.3.59

( 1 )

P1
6

x p1 N i xi
i 1


3 x 3 3 x 3 3 x

1
12 4 3 x1 3 3 x2 3 3 x3
36

12 4

1.3.60

12 4 3 3 3
3 3 12 4 3 3 3
3 3 x

1
12 4 3 3 3
3 3 12 4 3 3 3 x2


12 4 3 3 3
3 3 12 4 3 x3
1
xp
x 1.3.61
36
12

4
3
3

3
3

12 4 3 3 3 x5

x

symmetry
12 4 3 6
38
8 Pi

1
1
1
P1
,
,

3
3
3

1
1
1
P2
,
,

3
3
3

N8
N7


N5

P7

P8

1
3

N6

P5
P6


P4

P3

N4

P1

1
3

N3

N1

1

3

P2

3
N2

1.3.43

1
3

1
3

1
1 1
P3
,
,

3
3 3
1
1 1
P4
,
,

3 3
3

1 1
1
P5
,
,

3
3 3

1 1
1
P6
,
,

3 3
3
1 1 1
P7
,
,

3 3 3
1 1 1
P8
,
,

3 3 3

| 45

1
1 1 1
8
1
N3 1 1 1
8
1
N5 1 1 1
8
1
N 7 1 1 1
8

1
1 1 1
8
1
N 4 1 1 1
8
1
N 6 1 1 1
8
1
N8 1 1 1
8

N1

N2

1.3.62

P1
8

x p1 Ni xi
i 1

1
9 5 3 x1 3 3 x2 3 3 x3 3 3 x4
36

3 3 x5 3 3 x6 9 5 3 x7 3 3 x8

1.3.63

95 3
3 3 3 3 3

95 3 3 3 3

95 3 3

95
1
xp
36

symmetry

3 3
x1
3 9 5 3 x
2
3 3 3 x3

3 3 3 x4

3 3 3 x5

3 3 3 x6
x
3 3 3 7

x8
9 5 3

3 3

3 3

9 5 3

3 3

3 3

95 3

3 3

3 3

95 3

95 3

3 3

95 3

3
95

1.3.64

3.10.5

46 |

2 1 , s 2 , t 2 , u 3
6
6
6

1.3.65

1
3

u
P1
P2
P3

1.3.44

N Ni i

1.3.66

i 1


5 1 3 1 3 1 3

6
1
N 1 N i i 5 1 3 1 1 3 2 1 3 3
6
i 1
4

1.3.67

5 5 3 1 3
N 1


55 3

N
2

N 3
1

N4 6
N 5

N 6

1 3

55 3

1 3

1 3

1 3

55 3

55 3

1 3

1 3

55 3

1 3
55 3

1 3
1
1 3 2

5 5 3
3

1.3.68
1 3 4

1 3 5


5 5 3 6

| 47

1
1

t 1

t 1

1
s 1

1.3.45

s 1

t 3 , u

1.3.69

8
1
N1 Ni i 1 3 1 3 1 3 1 1 3 1 3 1 3 2
8
i 1


1 3 1 3 1 3 1 3 1 3 1 3
1.3.70
1 3 1 3 1 3 1 3 1 3 1 3

1
10 6 3 2 2 3 2 2 3 2 2 3
8
2 2 3 2 2 3 10 6 3 2 2 3

1 3 1 3 1 3 3 1 3 1 3 1 3 4

5 3 3
N 1

N
2

N 3

N4 1

N 5 4

N 6

N 7

N8

3.10.6
48 |

1 3

1 3

1 3

1 3

1 3

53 3

1 3

1 3

1 3

1 3

53 3

1 3

53 3

1 3

53 3

1 3

53 3

53 3

1 3

53 3

1 3
1
1 3 5 3 3
2
1 3 1 3 3

1 3 1 3 4
1.3.71
1 3 1 3 5

1 3 1 3 6

5 3 3 1 3 7

8
5 3 3
53 3

(Gauss Point)
(Extrapolation )

1.3.46 +

1.3.47 +
* +

1.3.46

| 49

xx : x
yy : y
zz : z
xz zx : x-z
xy yx : x-y
yz zy : y -z
1, 2, 3 : 1
23
, - I 1 - I 2 - I 3 = 0
3

I 1 = xx yy zz
I2 =

xy

xy

yy

xx

xz

xz

zz

xy

xz

I 3 xy

yy

yz

xz

yz

zz

eff : von-Mises Stress

yy

yz

yz

zz

, ,
2
2
2
1

( ) ( ) ( )
2
2

oct : Octahedral Normal Stress

oct : Octahedral Shear Stress

1.3.47

xx

max : = max

50 |

xx

( 1 + 2 + 3 )

( ) ( ) ( )
2

1.3.48

| 51

(Local Mode)

(Preliminary Design Phase)

(Contour)

52 |


(Logarithmic Configuration)
1/2
4 8
11 14
110
90
60
45 135
30 150

1/100

| 53

4.1

(Sagging)(Wind
Bracing)

(Contact Element)
(Pretension Loads)

(Singular Error)midas Civil

1.4.1
1.4.1a
1.4.1b 1.4.1c

a X-Z

b Y-Z

c Y-Z

1.4.1

54 |

a
1.4.2

1.4.2(a)
0 1.4.2(b)

b
1.4.3

1.4.3a
1.4.3b

| 55

midas Civil

1/100~1/1000 1/1000

P-Delta Pushover

4.2

(Tapered Member)
6

Timoshenko Beam Theory

1/5

(Torsional Resistance)(Polar Moment of Inertia)

(Panel Zone)

(Pin Connection)(Slot Hole)


(Beam End Release)

(Singular Error)

56 |

a(Pin Connection)

b(Slot Hole)

c(Pin Connection)

d
1.4.4

(Beam End Release)

(Rigid Beam)
5
8
10 ~10
1.4.4

()

| 57

(Pin Connection)
(Singular Error)
(Beam End Release)

4.3

1.4.5

1.4.5

midas Civil

Aspect Ratio
1
90

58 |

4.4

(Dam)(Tunnel)

(Poisson Effect)

4.5

4.6

midas Civil
DKTDKQ(Discrete Kichhoff Element) DKMTDKMQ(Discrete KirchhoffMindlin Element) Euler-Bernoulli Beam
Timoshenko Beam
| 59

LST(Linear Strain Triangle)


(Isoparametric Plane Stress
Formulation with Incompatible Modes)
(In-plane Stiffness)
(Out-of-Plane-Stiffness)

1.4.6

4
10 23

2%
10

4.7

XYZ

60 |

midas Civil

Aspect Ratio
1
90

4.8

2
x
xy
xyz
3

xy
Ex

yx
Ey

xz
Ex

zx
Ez

yz
Ey

zy
Ez

1.4.1

1 xy
2 xy

| 61

>>>>

1.5.1

midas Civil
1
2
3
midas Civil

62 |

5.1

Area dA A1 A2 A3
(300 15) (573 10) (320 12)
14070
1.5.1

5.2

y z

MIDAT/Civil
1.5.2

Asy y
Asz z

| 63

1.5.2

1. L

2.

5
Asy B t f
6

Asy

5
Asz H tw
6

5
(2 B t f )
6

Asz H t w

3. I

4. T

Asy

5
(2 B t f )
6

Asy

Asz H t w

5
(B t f )
6

Asz H t w

5.

6.

Asy 2 B t f

Asy r t w

Asz 2 H t w

Asz r t w

7.

8.

5
Asy BH
6

Asy 0.9 r 2
Asz 0.9 r 2

5.3

5
Asz BH
6

(1.5.1)

GI xx

64 |

1.5.1

G
Ixx
T

(Polar Moment of Inertia)

(Open Section)(Close Section)

(1.5.2)

I xx ixx
16
b
b4
ixx ab3 3.36 1
ab
a 12a 4
3

1.5.2

ixx
2a
2b
(Tube)(1.5.3)( 1.5.2)

I xx

4 A2

/t

1.5.3

A
ds
t

| 65

: I xx

4 A2
d s / ts

: T

T
2 Ats

ts
1.5.2

(Tube)
(1.5.1)(1.5.3)
< 1.5.3>< 1.5.6>
1.5.3

(Solid Section)

1.

2.

1
I xx r 2
2

I xx 2.25a 4

3.

16
b
b4
I xx ab3 3.36 I

a 12a 4
3
(where,

66 |

ab

1.5.4

1.

2.

I xx

4
4
1 D D
I xx o i
2 2 2

2(b h) 2
b h

t f tw

1.5.5

1. L
I xx I1 I 2 D 4
1
b
b4
I1 ab3 0.21 1

a 12a 4
3

d
d 4
3 1
I 2 cd 0.105 1

c 192c 4
3
d
r
0.07 0.076
b
b
D 2 d b 3r 2 2r b 2r d

(where, b < 2(d + r))


I xx I1 I 2 D 4

2. T

1
b
b4
I1 ab3 0.21 1

a 12a 4
3
1
d
d 4
I 2 cd 3 0.105 1

c 192c 4
3
t
1

0.15 0.10
t
b

b r rd

2r b
2

IF b<d : t=b, t1=d


IF b>d : t=d, t1=b

d2
4

(where, d < 2(b + r))

3.
Angle 1

(Angle)
(Angle)

Angle2
Angle 2
4. I-

I xx 2 I1 I 2 2 D 4

Tee1

1
b
b4
I1 ab3 0.21 1

a 12a 4
3
1
I 2 cd 3
3
t
r
0.15 0.10
t1
b
D

IF b<d : t=b, t1=d


IF b>d : t=d, t1=b

b r rd

2r b
2

Tee2

d2
4

(where, d < 2(b + r))

| 67

1.5.6

1. L

I xx

1
h tw3 b t 3f
3

2.

I xx

1
h tw3 2 b t 3f
3

I xx

1
h tw3 2 b t 3f

3. I

4. T

I xx

1
h tw3 b t 3f
3

5.

I xx

3
3
1
h tw3 b1 t f 1 b2 t f 2
3

2 1

H (Double H-Section) 1.5.3(a)

()
68 |

IC

2(b1 h1 ) 2
b1 h1

t f tw

1.5.4

()
1

I O 2 2b b1 tw tw3
3

1.5.5

I xx IC IO

1.5.6

H 2 (Flat Bar) 1.5.3(b)

H (Flat Bar)
()(1.5.7)

I xx

2(b1 h1 ) 2
b1 h1

t f tw

1.5.7

| 69

b2
1.5.3

5.4

I yy z 2 dA

1.5.8

I zz y 2 dA

1.5.9

Ai

zi

10

40

10

20

1.5.4
70 |

Qyi

yi

Qzi

80

200

180

100

24

15.5

372

120

84

632

420

Ai
zi z

yi y
Qyi y
QZi z

( Z , Y )
Z

zdA

ydA

Area

Area

Qy
Area

632
7.5238
84

Qz
420

5.0000
Area
84

(Iyy, Izz )

Ai

Z zi

Iy1

Iy2

Iyy

Y yi

Iz1

Iz2

Izz

40

5.5328

1224.5

53.3

1277.8

333.3

333.3

20

1.4672

43.1

166.7

209.8

6.7

6.7

24

7.9762

1526.9

18.0

1544.9

128.0

128.0

2794.5

238.0

3032.5

468.0

468.0

I y1 Ai ( Z zi ) 2

I z1 Ai (Y yi )2 ,

I y2

bh3
12

Iz2

hb3
,
12

I yy I y1 I y 2

I zz I z1 I z 2

5.5

Q y zdA

1.5.10

Qz ydA

1.5.11

y z

| 71

y
z

Vy Qz

1.5.12

I zz bz
Vz Q y

1.5.13

I yy by

:
Vy y
Vz z
Iyy y
Izz z
by z
bz y

5.6

V y Qz
I zz bz

Vz Qy
I yy by

Qz

I zz bz

Vy

Qz
Vy
I Qzb Qzb b
zz
z

Vz Qy

z
Qyb Q
I yy by I yy

Vz Qy
I yy by

yb

Qy
by

Vz
Qyb
I yy

tw

1.5.5
72 |

1.5.14

1.5.15

1.5.16

Qy zdA ( B t f ) z

1.5.17

by t w

1.5.18

Qyb {( B t f ) z}/ tw

1.5.19

5.7
midas Civil -(SRC)
(Equivalent Sectional Properties)

0.8Ec

Areaeq Ast 1

Acon
REN

1.5.20

Aseq Asst 1

Es

Acon Ast 1 0.8

0.8Ec
Es

Ascon Asst 1 0.8

Ascon
REN

1.5.21

I eq I st 1

0.8Ec
Es

I con I st 1 0.8

I con
REN

1.5.22

Astl
Acon
Asstl
Ascon
Istl
Icon
REN (Es/Ec)
0.8
1.0

| 73

6.1

midas Civil

Constraint
(Spring support)
(Elastic Link)

Element end release


(Beam End Offset)
Rigid link

6.2

(Constraint)

(Singular Error)

1.6.1

1.6.1
74 |

X-Z
>> Y
X Z
N1 XZ ()
Y
N3 Z
N5 X

1.6.2

b H
1.6.2

1.6.2(a)
X
| 75

1.6.2b H

6.3

(Singular Error)

(Modulus of Subgrade Reaction)(Tributary Area)

midas Civil (Surface


Spring Supports)>>

a
76 |

K=
b
1.6.3

1.6.1
EA/H E
A H

EI/H
I H

(Coupled)

1.6.1

(KN/m3)

12000 ~ 24000

24000 ~ 48000

48000~ 112000

4800 ~ 16000

9600 ~ 80000

24000 ~ 48000

48000 ~ 96000

32000 ~ 80000

64000 ~ 130000

80000~ 190000

80000~ 190000

| 77

(Singular Error)
0.00010.001
midas Civil

6.4

(Winkler) midas Civil >


>

1
2

Winkler
L

x
2

1
kv v

q1

q2

y
1.6.4

U [ ]T [ ]dV [ v]kv [v]dV

U


78 |

1.6.1

V
v
kv ()

[ q] [ f ]
T

kv [ f ][q]dV [ q]T [ P]

1.6.2

kv [ f ]T [ f ]dV [q] [ P]

1.6.3

[ Kr ] [q] [ P]

1.6.4

[ K r ] kv [ f ]T [ f ]dV

1.6.5

P
f
q
Kr

L Winkler

156 22 L

2
kv L 22 L 4 L
[Kr ]
13L
420 54

2
13L 3L

13L
13L 3L2
156 22 L

22 L 4 L2
54

1.6.6

x q
3
2
3
3
2 2
3
1 2 x 3Lx L q1 Lx 2 L x L x 1
v y ( x) 3
L 2 x3 3Lx 2 q2 ( Lx3 L2 x 2 ) 2

1.6.7

Winkler
Winkler

| 79

V ( x) kv y ( x) dx
0

1 4
L 4 2 L2 3 L3 2
3
3
x

Lx

L
x
q

x x 1

1 x
3
2

kv 2
4
3
2

L
L

1
L
x 4 Lx3 q2 x 4 x3 2

4
3
2

1.6.8

M ( x) kv y ( x)( x x) dx kv x y ( x ) dx kv y ( x ) x dx
0

1 5
L 5 2 L2 4 L3 3
4
3 2
x

Lx

L
x
q

x x 1

1 x
3
2

kv 2
4
3

L 1 5
L
L2
x Lx 4 q2 x 5 x 4 2

3
2

1.6.9

2 5 3 L 4 L 2
L
2L 4 L 3
x x q1 x5
x x 1
x
4
2
4
3
kv 5
5
3

L
L
2
3L 4
L2
x5

x q2 x5 x 4 2
4
5
4

6.5

(Radian)
1.6.5
x

80 |

1.6.5

6.6

Lyi

Lyi c yi L

Lzi czi L

Lyj c yj L

Lzj czj L

kx
Lyj
ky

Lzi

Lzj

c yi c yj czi czj 1.0


joint i

kz

joint j

k x
z
y

k y

x
local coordinate axis

k z
1.6.6

/
1.6.6

| 81

>>

()()

1
2

Mu Cu Ceff u KS u p

1.6.10





u
u u
p
M
C
Ceff
Ks

1.6.2

82 |

1.6.2

1)

1)

1)

1)

2)

2)

2)

1)

1)

()

1)

2)

2)

()

2)

1)

1)

1)
2)
3)

()()

Ceff

1.6.11

Ceff
K

F KSu

| 83

F Ceff u K S u

b
1.6.7

1.6.3

F KSu

F KSu

F KSu

F KSu

F KSu

()

F KSu

F KSu

F Ceff u KS u

F KSu

()

F KSu

F Ceff u KS u

F KSu
F Ceff u KS u

1.6.7 1.6.3

>

84 |

y
Momenty
(-)

y
Lzj

Lzi

Sheary
(-)

Momenty
(+)

Axial
(-)
Shearz
Momentx
(-)
(-)

Sheary
(+)

Momentz
(-)

Axial
(+)
Momentx
(+)

Momentz
(+)

Lyi

Lyj

location of shear spring


in direction 3

Shearz
(+)

location of shear spring


in direction 2

Lyi L ij y
yj

Lzi Lzj ij z
1.6.8

2
1.6.9

z zj zi

y
Lyj zj

k z

zj

ky

Lyi zi

vj

zi

vi
j

Lyi

Lyj
Ly

q yi
Shear force
diagram

mzi

qy

mz

q yj

mzj

Bending moment
diagram
M

| 85

v j vi Lyj zj Lyi zi

v v j Lyj zj vi Lyi zi

qy k yv

k y v j vi Lyj zj Lyi zi

q yj q yi
mz k z z
k z ( zj zi )
mzj Lyj qzj
(mzi Lyi qzi )

mz j m

q yi
L

mzj mzi
q yj
L

z i

mzi mz L yi q yi
mzj mz L yj q yj

1.6.9

6.7

1.6.10 ()

86 |

4 Fx, My
4 My

b
1.6.10

34 Fx, My
34 My

6.8

()

midas Civil
1.6.11
1(Panel Zone)
2(Panel Zone)
midas Civil ()(Panel Zone)

6.8.1

L1 L ( Ri R j )

1.6.12

L Ri Rj (Rigid End Offset Length)


L1 (Rigid Zone
Deformation)
midas Civil (Offset Factor)

L1 L Z F ( Ri R j )

1.6.13

ZF

| 87

01

() L

b
1.6.11

c
()

midas Civil >>

Z XY

(ZF (Ri +Rj))


88 |

(
)
1.0
0.0

(L1 = L - ZF (Ri +Rj))


( 1.6.12)

(Rigid End
Offset Length)
( L1 = L - (Ri +Rj))
( 1.66)

( L1 = L - (Ri +Rj))
(L1 = L - ZF (Ri +Rj))

1.0

(Beam End Release Condition)

( 1.6.12)

1.6.15
y z
1.6.16
RCy=BDcos2

RCz=BDsin2
| 89

RCy y ()
RCz z ()
BD
z

( Z )

1.00

L 1.00 ( A B)
L 0.75 ( A B)
L 0.50 ( A B)
L 0.25 ( A B)
L 0.00 ( A B)

0.75
0.50
0.25
0.00

c ( B=0)
1.6.12

90 |

Li = 1.0 Ri ()

Li=ZF Ri ()

Lj = 1.0 Rj ()

Lj=ZF Rj ()

Ri

: i

ZF

: Offset Factor

V1, V2

Rj

: j

M1, M2 :
V3, V4

1.6.13

| 91

LR = 1.0 R

LR = ZF R

R
V1V2

M1M2:
V3
1.6.14

b
1.6.15
92 |

1 : BD 250

RC z 250 sin 2 0 0.0

RC y cos 2 0 250.0

2 : BD 200 40 RC z 200 sin 2 40 82.6

RC y 200 cos 2 0 117.4

3 : BD 150 90

RC y 150 cos 2 90 0.0

RC z 150 sin 2 90 150

RC y MAX(250.0,117.4, 0.0) 250.0


BD

RC z MAX(0.0,82.6,150.0) 150.0

RCz
RCy
1.6.16

-( 1.6.17)
RB

Depth cos2 Width sin 2

2
2

(1.6.14)

Depth z
Width y

| 93

2
2

1.6.17

x
i

= 150, =100, = 40

i =

150 cos 2 0 100 sin 2 0

75.0
2
2

j =

150 cos 2 40 100 sin 2 40

64.7
2
2

1.6.18

6.8.2

1 XYZ
2 x

94 |

( 1.6.11(b)(c))

1.0

6.9

(>>)

1
2
3
4

U Xs U Xm RYm Z RZm Y
U Ys U Ym RZm X RXm Z

(1.6.15)

RZs RZm RXm Y RYm X

RXs RXm
RYs RYm

(1.6.16)

RZs RZm
, X = Xm - Xs, Y = Ym - Ys, Z = Zm - Zs
ms UxUyUz
XYZ RxRyRz XYZ
XmYmZm XsYsZs

| 95

X-Y Y-Z Z-X

X-Y

U Xs U Xm RZm Y
U Ys U Ym RZm X

(1.6.17)

RZs RZm

Y-Z

U Ys U Ym RXm Z
U Zs U Zm RXm Y

(1.6.18)

RXs RXm

Z-X

U Zs U Zm RYm X
U Xs U Xm RYm Z

(1.6.19)

RYs RYm

XYZ

U Xs U Xm

(1.6.20)

UYs UYm

(1.6.21)

U Zs U Zm

(1.6.22)

XYZ

96 |

RXs RXm

(1.6.23)

RYs RYm

(1.6.24)

RZs RZm

(1.6.25)

(
)(Rigid Diaphragm
Action)

1 2
1.6.19

1.6.19
1 2
| 97

1 2 3 4 5

1.6.20

1.6.20 (123
4)
1.6.21 24 (
6 ) 15

Ux Uy Uz Rx Ry Rz

Ux Uy Uz Rx Ry Rz

Ux Uy Uz Rx Ry Rz

Ux Uy Uz Rx Ry Rz

Uz Rx Ry

Uz Rx Ry

UxUyRz
Uz Rx Ry

Uz Rx Ry

98 |

UX

: X

RX : X

UY

: Y

RY : Y

UZ

: Z

RZ : Z

1.6.21

UXm : X

UYm : Y

RZm : Z

UXs : X

UYs : Y

RZs : Z

1.6.22

U Xs U Xm RZm Y
U Ys U Ym RZm X

(1.6.26)

RZs RZm

1.6.23

| 99

1.6.23a

1.6.23b

1.6.23b 6
()

: (12 )

* X-Z
(XZ)
Y

b
1.6.23
100 |

6.10

(Specified Displacement)

1
2
3
4
midas Civil

| 101

()

b
1.6.24

1.6.24

1
( 1.6.24a)
2 4 24 ( 6 )(
1.6.24a)

6
( 24 )

102 |

Part2

Part 2

midas Civil

midas Civil

| 103

104 |

midas Civil

-
- P-Delta

-
-

-
-
-
-

| 105

2
2.1

midas Civil

K U P

2.2.1

[K]
{U}
{P}

2.2

K+K U P
n,s

U U

K
Kn,s

106 |

UU
P

| 107

3
3.1

midas Civil

midas Civil

K n n 2 M n

2.3.1

[K]

[M]

{n }

2
n

1 () 2 n 3.1.1
()

()

mu cu ku p(t )

2.3.2

mu ku 0

2.3.3

u u A cos t ( A )

108 |

(m 2 k ) A cos t 0

2.3.4

k
,
m

T 1
k
, f
,
f
2
m

2.3.5

2
(rotational natural frequency)f
(natural frequency)T (natural period)

2.3.1

(T1=1.787T2=0.285T3=0.102)

mT M1X
mT M1Y
mT M1Z
,

mY
mZ
mT Mm
mT Mm
mT Mm

2.3.6

mT M1RX
T M1RY
T M1RZ
, mRY mT
, mRZ mT
T
m Mm
m Mm
m Mm

2.3.7

mX
mRX

mX mY mZ
mRX mRY mRZ
1X 1Y 1Z
1RX 1RY 1RZ
m

XYZm

XYZm

XYZ

XYZ

| 109

90%

*
mX

mT M1 X
mT M1Y
mT M1Z
*
*

, M mY
, M mZ
m T M m
m T M m
m T Mm

*
mRX

mT M1RX
mT M1RY
mT M1RZ
*
*

, M mRY
, M mRZ
mT Mm
mT Mm
mT Mm

2.3.8

2.3.9

*
*
*
M mX
M mY

M mZ
*
*
*
M mRX
M mRY
M mRZ

m XYZ

m XYZ

(translational masses)(rotational mass moment of


inertia) 2.3.1

dm

2.3.10

r dm

2.3.11

r
midas Civil
1>

2>>
3>>

110 |

2.3.1

bd 3

M bd

Im

12

M
12

db 3

12

d2

Im Ix I y

d2

d4

32

Im

M dA

Im Ix I y

L
M L L

L3

12

Im L

I0

M=m

I m I o mr 2

| 111

3.2

Rayleigh-Ritz
p n
p n

Mu( t )+Cu( t )+ Ku( t )= p( t )

2.3.12

u( t ) i zi ( t ) z( t )

2.3.13

i 1

u(t)
z(t)
p(t)

(Generalized coordinate)

zi(t)

= 1 i p

n p
Mz (t ) +Cz (t ) + Kz (t ) = p(t )

2.3.14

M T M
C T C
K T K
p(t ) T p(t )

Ki i2 Mi

i
i

112 |

2.3.15

T pi (t )
qi (t ) + 2ii qi (t ) + q(t ) = T
M
2
i

2.3.16

z (t ) i qi (t )

2.3.17

i 1

qi(t) i
i i
i

i i

2.3.18

i i
u(t )
qi (t )
p

u(t ) z(t ) i qi (t )

2.3.19

i 1

i i

2.3.20

i i

(2.3.16)

| 113

K (1) = r (1)

2.3.21

(1) = K 1r (1)

2.3.22

K
(1)

(1)

K (2) = M (1)

2.3.23

(2) = K 1M (1)

2.3.24

(2)

4
3

(linearly dependent)
(linearly independent)

midas Civil XY Z

(nonlinear link force vector)
XY Z

114 |

2
3
90%

3.3

E k N s X k

1 2 .. Ns

1 E1 N s X1 Y0
2 k
KYk MXk

(projection)
(projection)

Mk 1 YkT MYk

Kk 1Qk 1 Mk 1Qk 1k 1

Q k 1 1* 2*

1*

k 1

*
2

... N* s

2.3.25

*
N s

2.3.26

Xk 1 Xk 1 Yk Qk 1
n X k
*

m* m ,

Xk 1

... Ns

2.3.27
| 115

m( k 1) m( k )

m( k 1)

2.3.28

Ns Ns_0 Nf

N s max{N s _ 0 , min(2 N f , N f 8)}

3.4

2.3.29

Krylov span(V1, V2 ,..., Vk ) Tk

m
m 1/ m

1 V1
2 k

Uk MVk

(K M)Wk Uk

Wk* Wk Vk 1BTk 1

Ck

Ck Vk MWk*

Wk** Wk* Vk Ck

Wk** Vk 1B k

Tk

C1

B1
Tk

BTk 1
Ck

B1T
C2
Ck 1
BTk 1

2.3.30

Tk m m m m 1/ m m m Vk
*

* *

N b Tk N b m m
*

m *
m

116 |

m* V1 V2 V3 ... Vk m*

2.3.31

Km* m* Mm*
K

2.3.32

. 2.22 1016

3.5

3.5.1

2.3.2

2.3.2

3.5.2

f1f2

(2 f1 )2

2.3.3 f1f2
N f f1f2
f1 = f2 f1

N f

f1 < f2 [ f1, f 2 ] f1

N f
| 117

f1 > f2 [ f1, f 2 ] f2

f1
4

N f

f2
1 2 3

f1

f2
1 2

3 4

f2

f1
4

2.3.3

3.5.2.1

3 2 1

Sturm Sequence

(K M)Wk Uk

2.3.33

LDLT D

n N f

N f N f

N f N f N f 1

2.3.34

Sturm Vk Nb 7
Sturm LDLT
Sturm N b 1

3.5.2.2

K 0
0 -
K M
1 1 1
118 |

3.5.3
midas X k N s N I
N s D N s

N s max{N s , min(2 N f , N f 8)}

2.3.35

N I 30 1.0 106

| 119

4.1

(Voigt Maxwell )

- ()
-
-
-

(Classical Damping)

midas Civil

()

()
(Strain Energy Proportional)

120 |

()

()

()

()

i C

4.2

Caughey C
N 1

C M a j M 1 K

2.4.1

j 0

jN : ()
2.4.1 M 1 K

M y K y 0

2.4.2

y u eiax

2.4.3

(2.4.2)

M K u 0
2

2.4.4

2.4.4 M 1K 2 2 s
2

M 1 K 2.4.1 us us
T

| 121

us

N 1

N 1

C us Cs a j s2 j us M us a j s2 j M s
T

j 0

2.4.5

j 0

Cs 2s s M s

2.4.6

2.4.52.4.6 N s

Cs
1

2s M s 2s

s2 j

1 a
0 a1 s a2 s3 aN 1 s2 N 3 , s 1 N
2 s

2.4.7

a0
, C a0 M 2ss M
2s

2.4.8

a1 s
,
2

C a1 K

2 s

2.4.9

s
Stiffness Proportional
C a1 K
a
s 1 s
2

Mass Proportional
C a0 M
a
s 0
2 s

Natural frequencies s

122 |

Natural frequencies s

2.4.1

4.3

i j
ij

C a0 M a1K

2.4.10

1 a
s 0 a1 s
2 s

2.4.11

a0

2 i j i j j i
2
j

a1
s

2
i

2
j

C a1 K
a1 s
2
Stiffness Proportional

Natural frequencies s

Rayleigh Damping
C a0 M a1 K
a
a
s 0 1 s
2 s
2

Natural frequencies s

a
2.4.2

2.4.13

2
i

Mass Proportional
C a0 M
a
s 0
2 s

2.4.12

a0 a1
1.
a0 a1
2.

| 123

()
2.4.122.4.13 a0 a1
fi 1.0Hz , f j 1.25Hz i 0.05 , j 0.05
a0 a1
1

2
2
6.28, 2
7.85
1.0
0.8

2.4.14

22.4.122.4.13 a0 a1 ()
a0

2 6.28 7.85 0.05 7.85-0.05 6.28


0.349
7.852 -6.282

a1

2 0.05 7.85-0.05 6.28


=0.007
7.852 -6.282

2.4.15
2.4.16

3midas Civil a0 a1

4.3.1

a0 a1
midas Civil a0 a1 a0 a1

a0 0.35 a1 0.005 1 4.59215 2 9.81814


3 14.57793

1. ()

1 a
s 0 a1 s
2 s

1
124 |

1
1

0.35 0.005 4.59215 0.04959

2 4.59215

2.4.17

2.4.18

1
1

0.35 0.005 9.81814 0.04237

2 9.81814

2.4.19

1
1

0.35 0.005 14.57793 0.04845

2 14.57793

2.4.20

2. ()

s >1 s 0.9999 s <0 s 0.0

4.3.2

a0 a1 C a0 M a1K

C a0 M a1K midas Civil

4.4
4.4.1

midas Civil ()

midas Civil

(harmonic motion)(dissipated energy)


(strain energy)

ED
4 ES

2.4.21

| 125

ED ES
F FD FS

FS

ED 2 h KA2
: Dissipated Energy

A
ES

1
KA2 : Strain Energy
2

FD Cu

2.4.3

ui ,n i ,n sin i t i

2.4.22

ui ,n ii ,n cos i t i

2.4.23

ui,n i n

ui , n i n
i,n i n
i i
i i (phase angle)

Cn

2hn

Kn

Cn n
Kn n
hn n

126 |

2.4.24

ED i, n uiT,nCnui ,n 2 hniT,n K ni ,n
ES i, n

1 T
1
ui ,n Knui ,n iT,n Kni ,n
2
2

2.4.25
2.4.26

ED (i, n) i n
ES (i, n) i n
i i

ED i , n
n 1

4 ES i, n

h
n 1
N

n 1

4.4.2

T
n n ,i

n 1

T
n ,i

K nn,i
2.4.27

K nn,i

1.
a. (>>)
b. (>>)
c. (>
>)
0.05
0.05

- (2.4.24)
-
- (2.4.25)

- (2.4.27)
-
-
-(CQC SRSS)
2.
a. (>>)
| 127

b. (>>)
c. (>
>)
1
()

-(2.4.24)
-
-(2.4.25)

-(2.4.27)

( 2.4.4)

(a)
2.4.4

4.5
128 |

(b)

midas Civil

4.6

1(>>)
2(>>)
3
(>>)

4.7

C M

2ii

T M

2.4.28

C
M
i i

4.8

| 129

midas Civil

(Damping)(Effective
Damping)

Ceff

2eff

eff

Keff

2.4.29

Ceff
Keff
eff
eff

E i, n
D

n 1

4 ES i, n
n 1

h
N

n 1

T
n n ,i

K nn,i 0.5inT,iCeff n,i


N

n 1

T
n ,i

2.4.30

K nn,i

130 |

M [ u(t ) rug (t )] Cu(t ) K u(t ) 0

2.5.1

M u(t ) Cu(t ) K u(t ) M ru g (t )

2.5.2

M
C
K
r

ug (t )
u (t )
u (t )
u (t )

( ) y (t ) u(t )

u(t ) y(t )

2.5.3

2.5.3(2.5.2) T

T M y (t ) T Cy (t ) T K y (t ) T Mr u g (t )

2.5.4

i M or C or K j 0 (i j )

2.5.5

( T M 1 ) m mT Cm m mT Km
2.5.4

211

y (t )

2 mm

12

y (t )

2 nn

y (t ) T M ru g (t )

m2

2
n
2.5.6

| 131

2.5.6 m

ym (t ) 2mm ym (t ) m2 ym (t ) m ug (t )
2.5.7

m mT Mr
2.5.7 m
2.5.7 n
2.5.8

u(t ) y(t ), u(t ) y(t ), u(t ) y(t )

2.5.8

2.5.6()
m

S dm

S am

2
m

Sam

Svm

2.5.9

ym m S dm , ym m Svm , ym m S am

um mm Sdm , um mm Svm , um mm Sam

2.5.10

Sdm m
Svm m
Sam m

SRSS CQC ABS (ABsolute Sum)


1. SRSS(square root of the sum of the squares)
12

Rmax R12 R22 Rn 2


2. CQC(complete quadratic combination)

132 |

2.5.11

12

Rmax

ij

N N

Ri ij R j
i 1 j 1

2.5.12

8 i j (i rijm )rij 3 2
(1 rij 2 )2 4i j rij (1 rij 2 ) 4(i2 j2 )rij 2

ij

8 2 (1 rij )rij 3 2
(1 rij 2 )2 4 2 rij (1 rij )2
rij

i
j

0 ij 1

(i j )

j i

ij 1 (i j )

2.5.13

2.5.14

2.5.15

2.5.16

Rmax
Ri i
rij i j
ij ij
ij ij
ij ij (correlation coefficient)
i j ( i , j ) ij = 1 0 CQC SRSS

3. ABS (ABsolute Sum)

Rmax R1 R2 Rn

2.5.17

ABS SRSS

0.05 SRSS CQC

1 0.46 , 2 0.52 , 3 1.42


Dij ( j i )
| 133

0.036 0.012 0.019


Dij 0.012 0.044 0.005
0.049 0.002 0.017
SRSS

Rmax R12 R22 R32 0.042 0.046 0.052


12

CQC

12 21 0.3985
13 31 0.0061
23 32 0.0080
12

Rmax R12 R2 2 R32 2 12 R1R2 2 13 R1R3 2 23 R2 R3

0.046 0.041 0.053

SRSS CQC
CQC SRSS

Sx

S7 S6
(Tx T 6) S 6
T7 T6

()

2.5.1

134 |

()

Mu(t ) Cu(t ) Ku(t ) F(t )

2.6.1

M
C
K
F(t)
u (t )
u (t )
u (t )

F(t ) 0 C 0 F(t )
()
midas Civil

6.1

2.6.1

u(t ) Y(t ) iYi (t)

2.6.2

i j

2.6.22.6.1

MY(t ) CY(t ) KY(t ) F(t )

2.6.3

| 135

2.6.3 m ( m )
T

mT MY(t ) mT CY(t ) mT KY(t ) mT F(t )

2.6.4

iT M j mij ij

2.6.5

iT K j kij ij

2.6.6

ij (Kronecker delta), i j ; ij 1 , i j ; ij 0
2.6.3
n
mT MY(t ) mT CY(t ) mT KY(t ) mT F(t )

(m 1,2,.....,n)

2.6.7

m (general coordinate)
2.6.7

Ym ( t ) 2 mmYm ( t ) m2 Ym ( t )

2 mmYm ( t )

mT F(t )
mT Mm

mT Cm
mT Mm

2.6.8

2.6.9

mT Km
Y (t ) T
m Mm
2
m m

2.6.10

m m
m m
qm (t )

qm (t )

qm (t )

q (0) qm (0)
1
qm (t ) e mmt qm (0) cos Dmt m m m
sin Dmt

Dm
m Dm

136 |

Pm ( )e mm (t ) sin Dm (t ) d

2.6.11

Dm m 1 m2

2.6.12

2.6.2

1()
2
1/10
t

Tp
10

Tp

3
()

6.2

midas Civil Newmark


t t

t t

u u [(1 ) u
t

u u ut [(
t

t t

u ]t

) u
t

2.6.13

t t

u ]t

2.6.14

2
2.6.14

t t

u 2.6.13

t t

u 2.6.15

t t

t t

u f

u f

t t

t t

u , u , u , u
u , u , u ,

2.6.15

2.6.152.6.16
2.6.18(
2.6.21)((2.6.24))
t t

t t

t t

[M ] u [C ] u [K ] u
[K ] a

[M ] a1 [C ]

t t

t t

t t

2.6.16

p [M ](a0 u a2 u a3 u ) [C ](a1 u a4 u a5 u )
t

2.6.17
| 137

[K ]

t t

t t

2.6.18

[K ] [K ] a0 [M ] a1 [C ]
t t

t t

t t

2.6.19

p [M ](a0 u a2 u a3 u ) [C ](a1 u a4 u a5 u )
t

u a0 (

t t

u u ) a 2 u a3 u
t

t t

u u a6 u a7
t

t t

2.6.20

2.6.21

a0
a4

1
t
1

a1
a5

t
2

a2

1
t

a3

a6 t (1 )

1
2

a7 t

2.6.22

2.6.23

Newmark (= 0.5= 0.25 )

[C] a[K ] b[M ]

2.6.24

ab

1()
2
1/10
t

Tp
10

Tp

3
()
4
5

138 |

6.3

()

midas Civil ()
2.6.25

M ss
M
gs

M sg ust (t ) Css

M gg ugt (t ) Cgs

Csg ust (t ) K ss

Cgg ugt (t ) K gs

K sg ust (t ) 0

2.6.25
K gg ugt (t ) Pg (t )

s g u
s

us (t ) us (t ) 2.6.26

ust (t ) uss (t ) us (t )
t

ug (t ) ug (t ) 0

2.6.26

u g (t ) uss (t ) (quasi-static displacement)


s
2.6.27 Pg (t ) u g (t ) (quasi-static
support force)

K ss K sg uss (t ) 0
s
K K
u
(
t
)
gg
Pg (t )
g
gs

2.6.27

2.6.252.6.262.6.28

M ss uss (t ) us (t ) M sg u g (t ) Css uss (t ) us (t ) Csg u g (t )


K ss uss (t ) us (t ) K sg u g (t ) 0

2.6.28

M ss us (t ) Css us (t ) K ss us (t ) Peff (t )
Peff (t ) M ss uss (t ) M sg u g (t ) Css uss (t )

2.6.29

Csg ug (t ) K u (t ) K sg u g (t )
s
ss s

2.6.272.6.30
| 139

K ss uss (t ) K sg u g (t ) 0
uss (t ) I f u g (t )

2.6.30

I f K ss 1 K sg

If

2.6.30

2.6.29

Peff (t ) M ss I f M sg ug (t ) Css I f Csg ug (t )

2.6.31

2.6.32

ss

I f Csg ug (t ) K ss I f K sg ug (t ) 0
Peff (t ) M ss I f M sg ug (t )

2.6.32
2.6.33

2.6.292.6.34

M ss us (t ) Css us (t ) K ss us (t ) Peff (t )
Peff (t ) M ss I f u g (t )

2.6.34

Mu (t ) Cu (t ) Ku (t ) Peff (t )
Peff (t ) M 1 u g (t )

2.6.35

ust (t ) uss (t ) us (t )
t s

us (t ) us (t ) us (t )
u t (t ) u s (t ) u (t )
s s s

140 |

2.6.36

midas Civil (linear buckling analysis)


(critical load factor)(buckling
mode shape)

[ K ]{U} [ KG ]{U} {P}

2.7.1

[K]
[KG]
{U}
{P}

[ K G ] [ kG ]

2.7.2

kG

F
1.

0 1
L

0 0
kG 0 0

0 1

0 0

symm.
1
L
0

1
L

1
L

1
L

2.7.3

| 141

2.

[kG ] [kG1 ] [kG 2 ]

2.7.4

[ k G1 ]
[ k G 2 ]

k G

0
0

6
5L

6
5L
0

0
0

1
10
0

5L

1
10

symm.
0

1
10

2L
15

0
6
5L
0
1

10

0
0
0
0
0

2L
15
0

6
5L

L
30

1
10
0
L

30
0

10

1
10

6
5L
0
1
10
0

[kG 2 ] [G]T [ S ][G]dL


L

0
0

2L
15

2.7.5

2L

15

2.7.6

[G]
[S]
3.

s 0 0
[kG ] [G ] 0 s 0 [G ]dV
v
0 0 s
T

[G]
[S]=xy yy yz

142 |

2.7.7

[ KG ] [ KG ]

2.7.8


[KG]

[ K KG ]{u} { p}

2.7.9

[ Keq ] [ K KG ]

2.7.10

[ K eq ] 0 ( cr ) :
[ K eq ] 0 ( cr ) :
[ K eq ] 0 ( cr ) :
2.7.11

K I [ K G ] 0

2.7.11

i ()

()

2
()Pushover
3

| 143

8
8.1

1-
- 2.8.1

2.8.1

2-

Pdelta ( 2.8.2)
V
V
H

a()
2.8.2

144 |

bP-delta ()

3-

8.2

ij

1
(ui , j u j .i )
2

ij

2.8.1

u ui , ju j ,i 2.8.3

F Deformation TensorR Rotation


TensorU Stretch Tensor U

F RU f U

2.8.2

e 3t

e 2t

0
3

e 20
e1t

e3

e10

e2

e1

Y
X

2.8.3

(Co-rotational)
-

Bu -

u u

f e1 , e2 , e3 , e1 , e2 , e3 u

int
u Tu p

B dV
T

2.8.3

dv


| 145

p int ( K K ) u

2.8.4

K (Initial Stress Stiffness Matrix)


pext pint 0

( K K )u p ext

2.8.5

-(Newton-Raphson)(Arc-length)
-(Snap-through)(Snap-back)

8.2.1

- 2.8.4

Rm

KT (um 1 )

Rm 1

KT (um )

um 1

um

um um um1
2.8.4

( K K )u p ,

KT u p

2.8.6

KT K K ,

K f (u)

2.8.7

KT (um1 )(um1 um ) Rm

2.8.8

y( xn h) y( xn ) y( xn )h

146 |

KT (um1 )(um1 um ) KT (um1 )um1

dR
um
dum1

2.8.9

dR
KT (um1 ) Rm Fm1 R R
dum1

2.8.10

KT (um1 )um Rm Rm1 R R R R

2.8.11

2.8.4 um um=um-1+um
KT(um) Rm+1-Rm um+1

8.2.2

--
2.8.5 (Snap-through)(Snap-back)

( 2.8.5(c))
Rm1 i f i

KT (ui 1 ) ui Ri R

ui KT (ui 1 )1 ( fint (um1 ) fint (ui ))

2.8.12
2.8.13

ui I KT (ui 1 )1 ( fint (um1 ) fint (ui )), ui II KT (ui 1 ) 1 f

2.8.14

ui uiI i uiII

2.8.15

i (Spherical Path)

uiT ui l 2

2.8.16

l ui ui 1 ui i

| 147

a(Snap-through)

b(Snap-back)

c
2.8.5

a1 2 a2 a3 0

2.8.17

a2 a22 4a1a3
i
2a1

2.8.18

a1 ( uiII )T uiII
a2 2( uiI )T uiII 2(ui 1 )T uiII

2.8.19

a3 2(ui 1 )T uiI ( uiI )T uiI (ui 1 )T ui 1 l 2

ui-1
cos

ui
ui

ui -1

148 |

2.8.20

i - a3 a2

8.3 P-Delta
P-Delta
(Geometric Nonlinearity)

P-Delta P-Delta 2.8.6

(Critical Buckling Load)

NO

YES

2.8.6 P-Delta

2.8.7a P-Delta

M 0 M VL

P P
| 149

P-Delta

My = Vy - Px

P-Delta
P-Delta

My = Vy - Px

P-Delta

P-Delta

b
2.8.7

(P-Delta)

V / K,

K KO KG

2.8.21

K o K G

P-Delta P-Delta
()

P-Delta

K u KG u P

150 |

2.8.22

[K]
[KG]
{P}
{U}
P-Delta
1 P-Delta

2P-Delta
3P-Delta

8.4
8.4.1

//

K K N U P

2.8.23

K
KN

8.4.2

2.8.24
2.8.25

KN f (D d )

2.8.24

| 151

D
d

K eff

1/ K sag 1/ K elastic

K sag

EA
L(1

2 L2 EA
12T

12T 3
EA
,
K

elastic
2 L3
L

2.8.25

2.8.26


L
T

1
2
3
4

2
3
4 2 3

8.5
8.5.1

()()midas
(
)()
()()
152 |

midas (
)

()
(
)

()-()

+()

8.5.2

fN

fN

fL

fL
fN : Nonlinear spring & force
fL : Effective Stiffness & force
2.8.8

| 153

-(Runge-Kutta Method)

8.5.3

1.

Mu(t ) Cu(t ) KS K N u(t ) BP p(t ) BN f L (t ) - f N (t )

2.8.27

M
C
Ks
KN
BPBN
u (t ) u (t )

u (t )

p(t)
fL(t)
fN(t)

f L (t ) K N
f N (t ) K
N

K
S

K N

()

154 |

qi (t ) + 2 ii qi (t ) i2 q (t )

iT BP p (t ) iT BN f L (t ) iT BN f N (t )

iT M i
iT M i
iT M i

2.8.28

i i
i i
i i

qi (t ) qi (t )
i

qi (t )

f N (t ) f L (t )

f N (t ) f L (t )

f N (t ) f L (t )

f N (t ) f L (t )

q ( j 1) ( nt ) qi( j ) ( nt )
q max i

i
qi( j 1) ( nt )

2.8.29

q ( j 1) ( nt ) qi( j ) ( nt )
q max i

i
qi( j 1) ( nt )

2.8.30

f ( j 1) ( nt ) f M( j,i) (nt )
f max M ,i

i
f M( j,i1) ( nt )

2.8.31

f M( j,i) (nt )

iT BN f N( j ) ( nt )
iT M i

2.8.32

t
| 155

n
j
i

t
2.

3.

1>>
2

3>>

0.99
4>>

>>

156 |

2.8.9

8.5.4

Newmark-

Mu(t ) Cu(t ) K N u(t ) p(t ) f L (t ) - f N (t )

2.8.33

M
C
KN

u (t ) u (t ) u (t )
p(t)
fL(t)
fN(t)
Newmark- u

K Eff u pEff

2.8.34

| 157

K Eff

1
C KN
t

pEff p(t ) Mu (t ) Cu (t ) f L (t ) - f N (t )

2.8.35

2.8.36

KEff
pEff
u
Newmark-
p(t)
fL(t)
fN(t)

8.5.5

k b k k y k b

2.8.10

158 |

8.5.6

(Viscoelastic Damper)
(Gap)(Hook)(Hysteretic System)(Lead Rubber Bearing
Isolator)(Friction Pendulum System Isolator)

8.5.7

2.8.11(a)
2.8.11(b)
(Dashpot)
2.8.11(c)(d)

kd

cd

deformation

deformation

Time
Loading

Time

Unloading

Loading

Unloading

b
kd
f

kd

cd

cd
f

Time
Loading

Unloading

deformation

deformation

deformation

Time
Loading

Unloading

Time
Loading

Unloading

| 159

c(Maxwell Model)
2.8.11

midas (Viscoelastic Damper)

Maxwell ()
Kelvin ()Midas Maxwell ModelKelvin Model
Damper Brace Assembly Model( Kelvin Model )
Damper Brace Assembly Model

f kd dd cd sign dd dd kb db

d d d db

2.8.37
2.8.38

f
kd
kb
cd
s (exponent)
d
dd
db
(s=1.0)(0.0<s<1.0)
s 0.35~1.00midas s 0.20~1.00
160 |

cd sign dd dd
s 1
D
s<1.0 f d N m sec
s

cd sign d d

N
m /sec

s
d

m /sec s

f dD

N m sec

2.8.39

s 1

midas dd v0
v0

f kd d d cd sign d d

dd
kb d b
v0

2.8.40

cd N m sec v0 N
tonf v0 1.0
v0

2.8.1

N, tonf

dd

m/seccm/sec

v0

m/seccm/sec

d d v0

cd

N, tonf

1(kN, m)

2N, cm

| 161

kd 10,000 N cm

Cd

11000
10 N sec cm
100

kb 10,000 N cm

s 1

v0

Cd 1 kN 1,000N
v0 1 m sec 100 cm sec

dd

db
cd

kb

f
N2

N1

aMaxwell Model
dd

cd

f
kd

N2

N1

bKelvin Model
dd

cd

db
kb

f
kd
N1

cDamper Brace Assembly Model


2.8.12

162 |

N2

Maxwell Model
2.8.12(a)Maxwell Model
(Fluid Viscoelastic Device)
Maxwell Model

f cd sign d d

d
kb d b
v0

2.8.41

Runge-Kutta Method
d d
() Kelvin(Voigt) Model
2.8.12(b)Kelvin Model
(Solid Viscoelastic Device)
Kelvin Model

d
f kd d cd sign d
v0

2.8.42

Damper Brace Assembly Model


Damper Brace Assembly Model Kelvin Model 2.8.12(c)

Damper Brace Assembly Model


Runge-Kutta Method
d d

f kd d d cd sign d d

d
kb db
v0

2.8.43

s 1 ( s 1.0 )
Runge-Kutta Method
d d

cd 1
d d (t )
v0 t
c 1
kd kb d
v0 t

kb d (t t )
d d (t t )

; (s =1.0)

2.8.44

Maxwell Model kd=0.0


| 163

dd 0.0 k

f k d

2.8.45

Maxwell Modelk=0.0
Kelvin Model k=kd
Damper Brace Assembly Model k

8.5.8

kb kd
kb kd

d
k

f
N2

N1

2.8.13

(Gap)

k d o if d o <0

otherwise

2.8.46

8.5.9

164 |

d
k

f
N1

N2

2.8.14

(Hook)

k (d o) if d o 0

2.8.47

otherwise

k
0
d
8.5.10

(uniaxial plasticity)
(energy dissipation device)
(metallic yield damper)(primary structure)

d
Fy

r
k
k

f
N2

N1
2.8.15

Park, Wen and Ang(1986)

f r k d (1 r ) Fy z

2.8.48

| 165

Fy
r
d
z
z Wen(1976)

1 z s sgn dz d

Fy
k

2.8.49

||+||=1.0
s (transition region)

d
+>0 (softening system)
+<0 (hardening system)
(-)
2.8.16
s
s 30
1.0~50.0 s 2.8.17
1

0.75

0.75

0.5

0.5

0.25

0.25
0

0
-0.25

-0.25

-0.5

-0.5

-0.75

-0.75

-1
-2

-1.5

-1

-0.5

0
d

0.5

1.5

-1
-2

-1.5

= 0.1

a = 0.9,

-1

-0.5

0
d

0.5

1.5

= 0.9

b = 0.1,
5

4
2

3
2

0
-1

-1

-2
-3

-2
-3
-2

-4
-1.5

-1

c = 0.5,
2.8.16

166 |

-0.5

0
d

0.5

= -0.5

1.5

-5
-2

-1.5

-1

-0.5

0
d

0.5

d = 0.25,

1.5

= -0.75

(r = 0, k = Fy = s = 1.0)

1.2
1.0

0.8
f

s=

Fy

r k

s=2
s=1

0.4
s = 1.0
s = 2.0
s = 10.0
s =100.0

0.2

0
0

d
2.8.17

8.5.11

0.6

0.2

0.4

0.6

0.8

1.0

1.2

1.4

1.6

1.8

2.0

()

(biaxial plasticity)

Elastic Axial Spring

Nonlinear Shear Spring


(Hysteretic System)

f3

kx

f2

d2

d3

Fy
Ky

x
K0

dy

2.8.18

f y ry k y d y (1 ry ) Fy , y z y
f z rz k z d z (1 rz ) Fy , z z z

2.8.50

2.8.51
| 167

kykz yz
FyyFyz yz
ryrz yz
dydz yz
zyzz yz

z y z z Park, Wen, and Ang(1986)


Wen(1976)

ky

dy
1 z 2 sgn d z z z sgn d z
y
y
y y
y
y z
z
z z
z
zy
Fy , y 2.8.52

z z z y z z y sgn d y z y y 1 z z2 z sgn d z z z z k z d

Fy , z

yyzz yz
d y d z yz
s=2

8.5.12

(biaxial plasticity)
(Gap)
P

k
P

N2

N1
P

2.8.19

0
168 |

k x d x

if d x 0

otherwise

fx P

2.8.53

P
kx
dx

fy

fz

P
Ry

P
Rz

d y P y zy

d z P z zz

2.8.54

2.8.55

P
Ry Rz yz

y
dy d
zy z

yz
yz

yz

y Constantinou,
Mokha and Reinhorn(1990)
z

y fast , y fast , y slow, y e r v


z fast , z fast , z slow, z e r v

2.8.56

v d y2 d z2 , r

ry d y2 rz d z2

2.8.57

v2

fastyfastz

yz

slowyslowz

yz

ryrz

yz

dy dz

yz

zy zz Park, Wen, and Ang(1986)


Wen(1976)
| 169

ky

dy
1 z 2 sgn d z z z sgn d z
y
y
y y
y
y z
z
z z
z
zy
P y 2.8.58

z z z y z z y sgn d y z y y 1 z z2 z sgn d z z z z k z d

P z

kykz

yyzz
dy , dz

yz(
)
yz
yz

8.5.13

Runge-Kutta Method
2.8.20
Runge-Kutta Method
t
t Runge-Kutta Method
t
dy ( x)
f ( x, y ( x))
dx
y ( x0 ) y0

y2
y1

y0

x1

x0

t
2.8.20

170 |

x2

8.5.14

Runge-Kutta
(Adaptive Stepsize Control) 2.8.21

Press et al.(1992)
a

2.8.59

Tolerance

hnew hpresent

new
present

2.8.21

Cash-Karp(Adaptive Stepsize Control)

hnew

hpresent
new ( new scal )

present
a present new : a =0.2 present new : a =0.25


-8
1.0e
| 171

8.5.15

t Runge Kutta Method


1/2

1st Iteration :
2nd Iteration :
3rd Iteration :
4th Iteration :

2.8.22

Fehlberg(Stepsize Sub-Division for Non-convergence Control)

8.6

8.6.1

1(constitution response)
2(elastic response)
3

e p


172 |

2.8.60

e
p

(yield criteria)
(flow rule)
(hardening rule)
1.
(elastic response)()F ( 2.8.23)

F ( , p , ) e ( , p ) ( p ) 0

2.8.61


e (equivalent)(effective)

( p )

(equivalent)

(plastic corrector)
(return mapping)
d p f

Smooth

a
a

Plastic potential

g ( ) f ( ) const.

,d p

d
d

Comer

d p

2.8.23

2.
( 2.8.23)

| 173

d p d

g
d b

2.8.62

d
g (plastic potential)(stress invariant)
g=F (associated flow) gF (nonassociated flow)

2.8.62

d p d

F
d a

2.8.63

2.8.23 ()
(singular point)
3. (Hardening rule)

(strain hardening)
(work hardening)(plastic incompressibility)

2.8.24

2.8.24
(isotropic hardening)(kinematic hardening)(mixed hardening)

174 |

8.6.2

d De d d p De d d a

2.8.64

D
(consistence condition)

F
F
F
d p d p
d aT De d aT Dea h d 0 2.8.65

dF

De aaT DeT
d De T e
d
a D ah

2.8.66

-(consistent)

RaaT R T
d R T
d
a Ra h

2.8.67

a
e
e
R I d De
D I d D A

8.6.3

De

2.8.68

1(Explicit forward Euler algorithm with subincrementation) ( 2.8.25 2.8.26)

X
A
B

a A

| 175

B
Ce
C

C
D

b A C D
2.8.25

ABCD
E

2.8.26

2(Implicit backward Euler algorithm) ( 2.8.27)

ABCD
E

2.8.27

( 2.8.25 A)( 2.8.27


B)
(Gauss Point)

176 |

1
2
3
4

Newton-Raphson

1.
1

d Bdu

2.8.69

B -
du
2

d De d

B X d

2.8.70

2.8.25
3

F X 1 r d 0
r

FB
FB FX

2.8.71

5 rd m
( 2.8.26)

m INT 8 eB eA eA 1

2.8.72
| 177

FC
a D aC h
T
C

2.8.73

D C C D aC
e



2.

C B d DeaC

2.8.74

2.8.27
2.8.74 C r

r C B d D e a C

2.8.75

r 0

rn ro Dea

2.8.76

0
ro Dea

2.8.77

F
F
FCn FC o

p FCo aTC h 0

p
T

178 |

2.8.78

8.6.4

Fo aT ro
aT D e a h

2.8.79

1(Tresca)(von Mises)
(plastic incompressibility)( 2.8.28).
2-(Mohr-Coulomb)-(Drucker-Prager)
( 2.8.29)
von Mises yield surface

3
Hydrostatic axis

Tresca yield surface

2.8.28

Drucker-Prager

t
c
c

3
Mohr-Coulomb

2.8.29

--

1.

| 179

1 2 3 1 2 3

F , 1 3 p

2.8.80

(lode angle) 30
>29
2.

F , 3 J 2 p

2.8.81

J2 (second deviatoric stress invariant)


3. -
-
-

F , c n tan

2.8.82

c
-
>29-
4. -
-
--
(hydrostatic stress)

F ,

180 |

2sin
6c cos
I1 J 2
3 3 sin
3 3 sin

2.8.83

I (first stress invariant)

8.6.5

1. (effective plastic strain)


1(strain hardening)

d p

T
2
2 T
d p d p
a ad

3
3

2.8.84

(norm)

2(work hardening)

dW p T d p d aT

2.8.85

dWp 1d 1 e d p

2.8.86

d p

aT

2.8.87

2.
1(perfectly plastic)
()

F , e

2.8.88


2(isotropic hardening)
| 181

2.8.30a

F , e p

2.8.89

3(kinematic hardening)
2.8.30b

F , , e

2.8.90


Prager Ziegler Prager

d C p d p C p ad

2.8.91

Cp Prager

a
2.8.30

Ziegler d (reduced-stress)

d d C z d p
Cz Ziegler
4(mixed hardening)
182 |

2.8.92

F , , e p

8.6.6

2.8.93

von MisesTresca
Mohr-CoulombDrucker-Prager
von MisesTresca
Mohr-CoulombDrucker-Prager

2.8.31

2.8.32

midas Civil midas Gen


midas FEA midas
| 183

2.8.33

Mohr-Coulomb Drucker-Prager

deviatoric axis

aMohr-Coulomb failure surface

=
6

rt0 = 26c cos


3 + sin
3c cot

hydrostatic axis

rc0 =

26c cos
3 - sin

=
6

b-plane
2.8.34
184 |

cmeridian plane

Mohr-Coulomb yield surface in -plane & meridian plane

deviatoric axis

aDrucker-Prager failure surface

=
6
6

r0 = 2k

k
3
hydrostatic axis

r0 = 2k

6
=
6

b-plane
2.8.35

cmeridian plane

Drucker-Prager yield surface in -plane & meridian plane

Mohr-Coulomb Drucker-Prager C-1 ()


apex regime
midas Civil midas Gen

2.8.36

Apex regime
| 185

8.7
8.7.1

Pushover PerformanceBased Seismic Design, PBSD


target performance

Pushover

displacement-based design
Pushover 2.8.37 -

performance point

5%

Sa

Ddesign

2.8.37

186 |

Sd

8.7.2

1(Linear Static Procedure, LSP)


2(Linear Dynamic Procedure, LDP)
3(Nonlinear Static Procedure, NSP)
4(Nonlinear Dynamic Procedure, NDP)
Pushover

Pushover
-(capacity curve)
--
(ADRSAcceleration-Displacement Response Spectrum)(demand spectrum)
()
()

midas ATC-40(1996) FEMA-273(1997) (Capacity


Spectrum MethodCSM)
2.8.38
roof

Vbase

Sa

roof

Vbase

Sd

a(capacity curve)(capacity spectrum)

Sa

Sa

Tn,1

Sd

Tn

5%

Tn, 2

Sd

b(demand spectrum)
2.8.38

Sa
Amax

Tn2
Sa
4 2

Dmax

Sd

c(performance point)

(Capacity Spectrum Method, CSM)


| 187

Pushover
Pushover
Pushover
1
2
3
4

8.7.3

1.
2.8.39

A
B
C
C

2.8.39

C C

2.
Pushover
(Residual Force)
()midas
-(Full Newton-Raphson Method)
-

188 |

2.8.40

1(n) nP0 2.8.40 A

Kn U n Fn1 n P0

2.8.94

Kn (n)

Un (n)
Fn-1 (n-1)

n (n)
P0

nP0 (n)
2.8.94

K n U n n P0 Fn 1
K n U n n P0

2.8.95

nP0 (n)
2.8.95 Un
2 Un
(i)
(i)
Kn Fn
2.8.40 B

| 189

(i)
3 nP0 Rn

K n (i ) U n (i ) n P0 Fn (i )
K n (i ) U n (i ) Rn (i )

2.8.96

Kn(i) (n) i

Un(i) (n) i
Fn(i) (n) i
Rn(i) (n) i
(i)
2.8.96 Un

Rn(i)(1)~(3)
4 C
3.
(2.8.96) Un
(i )

Rn(i ) (1)~(3)
1

1( 2 )
-

a.
b.
2( 1)

190 |

U n(i )T U n(i )
D
U n(i )T U n(i )

2.8.97a

Fn(i )T Fn(i )
F
Fn(i )T Fn(i )

2.8.97b

Fn(i )T U n(i )
E
Fn(i )T U n(i )

2.8.97c

D
F
E
Un(i)
Un(i)
Fn(i)
Fn(i)

(n) i
(n) i
(n) i
(n) i

4.
Pushover

0.250.5
Pushover

Pushover

5. P-Delta

| 191

P-Delta P-Delta
P-Delta

K K G n U n Fn1 n P0

2.8.98

K
KG
Pushover

K KG 0

2.8.99

1FEMA ( 2.8.40 C )
2
0
6.
1
2
3
4

8.7.4

Full
Newton-Raphson

1
2
3
1.

192 |

n nstep

n P0
1 n nstep

1 P0
n 1
n 1

Displacement

2.8.41

1: (n=1)

ratio

Pyild Pini
Pcrnt Pini

2.8.100

ratio
Pyild
Pcrnt
Pini

90%

K1U1 Fini 1 P0 Pini

2.8.101

K 1 1
U 1 1
Fini

1 1 ( 1 0.9 * ratio )
P0
Pini

1 P0 1
| 193

22: (1 n nstep )

n n1

(nstep 1) n
nstep 1

1 1

2.8.102

i 1

n (n)

n 1 (n-1)
1 1

nstep
i

Pn n P0

2.8.103

3 3 : (n=nstep)
(nstep)

Pnstep nstep P0 ; nstep 1.0

2.8.42

()

2.

194 |

2.8.104

3.

1 Pushover nstep
2 >

No. X X

Function : 10
2 0.6 10 1.0
3.
Case 1 :
1 nstep =10
2
No.

Function

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

0.30
0.60
0.65
0.70
0.75
0.80
0.85
0.90
0.95
1.00

Case 2 : nstep
nstep =10

Case1
No.

Function

0
1
5

0.0
0.6
1.0

No.

Function

0.0
0.2
1.0

0.30
0.60
0.65

| 195

4.

(Current Stiffness Ratio)


1

Cs=100.0%

2 : 0.0%<Cs<100.0%
3

Cs=0.0%

Cs<0.0%

Cs 0

CS=100%
0%<CS100%

2.8.43

8.7.5

()
()
1%2%4%
ATC-40 FEMA-273 1% 2%
4%

8.7.6

Pushover

Pushover

196 |

1
2
3

8.7.7

1.
(1)-

-
P-M-M
()()
FEMA

(2)-

-
P-M-M

()()

()
(3)

FEMA
()
2. -

| 197

flexibility method
Euler Bernoulli Beam Theory

P-Delta

f T {Fxi , Fyi , Fzi , M xi , M yi , M zi , Fxj , Fyj , Fzj , M xj , M yj , M zj } 2.8.105a


uT {ui , vi , wi , xi , yi , zi , u j , v j , w j , xj , yj , zj }

z
y
Momenty
(+) Sheary
(-)

z
Momentz
(+)

2.8.105b

Momentz
(-)

Shearz
(+)
Momenty
Axial
(-) Sheary
(+)
(+)
Momentx
(-)

Shearz
(-)
Axial
(-)
Momentx
(+)

j
L

2.8.44

-
-Lumped Type
Hinge ModelDistributed Hinge Model
1-


2.8.106 U
u i
j
198 |

uT {ui , vi , wi , xi , yi , zi , u j , v j , w j , xj , yj , zj }

2.8.106

()()

u u j ui

2.8.107

x xj xi

2.8.108

2.8.45

s
z
y
Momenty
(+) Sheary
(-)

2.8.109

Momentz
(+)

Shearz
(-)
Axial
(-)
Momentx (+)

Momenty
(-) Sheary
(+)

Momentz
(-)
Shearz
(+)
Axial
(+)
Momentx (-)

j
L

w j wi

z
y

(-)

w j wi

Ly

wi(+)

yi(+)

yi(+)

w j wi

(-)

w j(-)

Ly

yi

w j wi

2.8.45

Ly

yi

yj

w j wi
Ly

(+)

yj

yj

yj(+)

sy

w j wi
L

sz

v j vi
L

2.8.110
| 199

2.8.111

2.8.107~2.8.111 u

u T { u

yi

zi

yj

zj

x }

2.8.112

u u j ui
yi
zi
yj
zj

w j wi
Ly
v j vi
Lz

zi

w j wi
Ly
v j vi
Lz

yi

2.8.113

yj

zj

x xj xi
u q
q u
k AB q

qAB k AB u

2.8.114

qABT q ABT {n myi mzi myj mzj mx } :

u
k AB
qS

qS T q y qz

200 |

2.8.115

q y

mzi mzj
Lz

qz

my i m
Ly

yj

2.8.116

q
-- q
q
) q

d f n q

2.8.117

fn

fn 1/ kn )

dn dn1 d

2.8.118

qn qn1 q

2.8.119

dn-1

qn-1


2.8.46 ()

1(n-1)(n) dn
dy dy

2 dn dy kn
kn* kn* fn*
3 kn* qn*
4 r r=qn-qn*

| 201

1
kn*
1
fn
kn

f n*

2.8.46

()

K n Fn1

2.8.120

Fn
Kn

2-

-
-(Lumped Type Hinge Model)
-
- 0
2.8.47
2.8.2

202 |

2.8.47
2.8.2

(unit)

(Fx)

-()

EA/L(N/m)

(FyFz)

GAs(N)

(Mx)

GJ/L(Nm)

(MyMz)

6EI/L, 3EI/L, 2EI/L(Nm)

-
-

(Single Component)(P-M-M)
-
12.8.105~2.8.111 q
q q
2 2.8.48(a)

f n f 0 f spr

1
1
1

kn
k0
ks p r

d n d el d spr

2.8.121a
2.8.121b

fn
f0
fspr
| 203

dn
del
dspr

2.8.48

f spr f n f 0

2.8.122

Fn = F0 + f spr

2.8.123

Fn
F0
fspr ( 0)

204 |

-
-
-
-
2.8.49 2.8.51

Ma

a
Mb

b
a
2.8.49

Ma
Mb
b

Va
12 6 L 12 6 L va
M

2
2
a EI 6 L 4 L 6 L 2 L a
3

Vb L 12 6 L 12 6 L vb

2
2
M b
6 L 2 L 6 L 4 L b

2.8.124

2.8.49 va vb 0 a b

M a EI 4 L2 2 L2 a
3 2

2
M b L 2 L 4 L b

2.8.125a

1
a L 3


b EI 1
6

1

6 M a

1 M b
3

2.8.125b

a b M a Mb

L
L
M a b
Mb
6 EI
6 EI

| 205

f0

L
,
6 EI

k0

6EI
L

2.8.125c

Ma

Ma

(a)
2.8.50

(b)

2.8.50 va

vb 0 M

Mb 0 )

0 2.8.124

M a EI 4 L2 2 L2 a
3 2

2
0 L 2 L 4 L b

2.8.126a

1
a
L 3


b EI 1
6

2.8.126b

1

6 M a

1 0
3

L
Ma
3EI

f0

L
,
3EI

k0

3EI
L

2.8.126c

3( M b M a )
Ma

b
Mb

a
2.8.51

2.8.51 va

206 |

Ma

Mb
b

vb 0 M

M a 2.8.124

M a EI 4 L2
3 2
M b L 2L

2 L2 a

4 L2 b

2.8.127a

1
a L 3


b EI 1
6

1

6 M a

1 M b
3

2.8.127b

f0

L
2 EI

k0

2EI
L

2.8.127c

3-
-

Gauss-Legendre
midas Gauss-Lobatto

-
midas -
(Distributed Type)
(Lumped Type)

- 1~20
-
-

- ()()
-
-
-

| 207

Rigid
Zone

Integration Point
(Inelastic Hinge)

Rigid
Zone

a
2.8.52

Inelastic Hinge

Rigid
Zone

Integration Point
Elastic Hinge

Rigid
Zone

b()

- 2.8.3
2.8.3

(unit)

EA(N)

(Fx)

(FyFz)

GAs(N)

(Mx)
(MyMz)

GJ(Nm )
EI(Nm )

-
-
(P-M-M)
-
1 21~
q q(x) q
(force interpolation function)
-

qAB ( x) b( x) qAB

2.8.128

q ABT = n myi mzi myj mzj

2.8.129

q AB ( x)T nsec

208 |

my ,sec

mz ,sec

0
0
0 0
1
x

b( x ) 0 1
0 0 ,
L
0
0 1 0

2.8.130

2.8.131

q y ,sec
qz ,sec

mzi mzj
Lz
m yi m yj

2.8.132

Ly

mx ,sec mx

myimzimyjmzj

q y ,sec qz ,sec
mx ,sec

2~ f ( x)
3 f ( x)
L

F bT ( x) f ( x)b( x)dx

2.8.133

f(x) x
b(x) x ()
F
L
x
4) -
3.
2.8.53 (x )

Fx2

Fx1

2.8.53

2.8.4

| 209

2.8.4

-()

(unit)
EA/L(N/m)


(Fx)

4.
(General Link)
(General Link Properties)

2.8.5
2.8.5

8.7.8

(Fx)

(EA/L)

(FyFz)

(GAs/L)

(Mx)

(GJ/L)

(MyMz)

(EI/L)

(Skeleton Curve)
--
---

2.8.2~2.8.5

8.7.8.1

midas
1
(midas Gen )

k0 (+)(-)
2
(midas Gen )

k0 (+)(-)
210 |

3FEMA
-(midas Gen )

k0 (+)(-)
4

8.7.8.2

1
2
3()
Force

Force

P1(+)

P1(+)

1K0
K0

2K0
1K0

P1(+)

K0

Deform.

K0 : Ini. Stiff.

K0 : Ini. Stiff.
1K0

P1(-)

(a)
2.8.54

8.7.8.3

Deform.

1K0
2K0

P1(-)
P2(-)

(b)

FEMA

FEMA (reversed cyclic load)


( 2.8.55)
FEMA
C
()

| 211

K0Ini.Stiff.
D

2.8.55

FEMA

A
A-B
B (nominal yield strength)

B-C (strain hardening) B-C


5~10%
C (nominal strength)
C-D (initial failure)
(fracture)(spalling)
D-E (residual resitance) 20%
E

8.7.8.4

P-M-M

P
Pmax

Pmax

MU,max
M

M
MY0 MU,max

PC0(t)

(a) ()

(b) ()

2.8.56 P-M-M

(Bresler)
212 |

M ny

M noy

M nx
M
nox
8.7.8.5

1.0

2.8.134

2.8.57 y
1 2.8.135
a

d
y 0.043 1.64npt 0.043 0.330
D

2.8.135

M
My

2 k0

1 k0

Mc

y k0

k0

c
2.8.57

M y Mc
My
Mc

2.8.136

(PMM )
y PMM y
1 Pi ( a)
2 P0 a
b
3 b y P y

| 213

P(compression)

Pmax

P y

c
a

Pi
P0

M
MY

MC
PC0(t )

Crack Surface
Yield Surface

P(tension)
2.8.58 PMM ay

8.7.9

Pushover

Pushover (CSM)
Pushover

8.7.9.1

Pushover -(V-U)-(A-T)
-(acceleration-displacement response
spectrum)
V

A
Pushover

V
k

M1

U
k k

(a) -()-
214 |

Tn,1

Tn2
4 2

Tn,2

Tn
V

(b) --()
2.8.59

--
V

M
D
k

2.8.137

2.8.138

M k
N

m
j

jk

j 1

2.8.139

m
j

2
jk

j 1

N m
j jk
j 1

2.8.140

m
j

2
jk

j 1

2.8.137 2.8.138 (MDOF)


(SDOF) A D
V U
(2.8.141)
--
2

8.7.9.2

Tn

2.8.141

(Performance Point)
| 215

ATC-40 (CSM)
Procedure-A Procedure-B ProcedureA Procedure-B

1(equivalent Damping)
(CSM) 5%

2.8.142a2.8.142b

Kinitial
api

api
ay

Keffective

ay
Eso
dpi

dy
dy

dpi
ED
ED

2.8.60

eq 0 0.05
0

2.8.142a

63.7(a y d pi d y a pi )
1 ED

4 ESO
a pi d pi

2.8.142b

ED =
ESO =
2.8.142a

eq 0 5

63.7(a y d pi d y a pi )
a pi d pi

2.8.143

eq (%)ATC-40 25%
50%
2(Effective Damping)
(stiffness degradation)
(strength deterioration)(slip or pinching)

216 |

ATC-40 (damping modification factor)

eq 0 5

63.7 (a y d pi d y a pi )

a pi d pi

2.8.144

2.8.6

0 (%)

()

16.25

A
()

> 16.25

1.0
1.13

25
B
()

> 25

C
()

0.51 a y d pi d y a pi
a pi d pi

0.67
0.845

0.446 a y d pi d y a pi
a pi d pi

0.33

Teq Tn

2.8.145

Tn

= (api-ay) / (dpi-dy)
4

(spectrum reduction factor, SR)( 2.8.61)


Newmark Hall(1982)
(SRA)(SRV)2.8.146
ATC-40 ( 2.8.7)

| 217

Sa

SRA
SRV

2.8.61

SRA

Sd

63.7 a y d pi d y a pi
3.21 0.68ln
5
a pi d pi

2.12

0.33 for Type A

0.44 for Type B 2.8.146a


0.56 for Type C

63.7 a y d pi d y a pi
2.31 0.41ln
5 0.50
a pi d pi


SRV
0.56
1.65
0.67

2.8.7

for Type A
for Type B
for Type C

2.8.146b

SRA

SRV

Type A ()

1.00

0.33

0.50

Type B ()

0.67

0.44

0.56

Type C ()

0.33

0.56

0.67

5%

8.7.10

ATC-40

1. Procedure-A
ATC-40
1 5%

218 |

2. Procedure-B
2.8.62
1
()()
2

2.8.62

Procedure-B (ATC-40)

| 219

2.8.63 Procedure-A

2.8.64 Procedure-B

8.7.11

FEMA-273
ATC-40 2.8.65

C
B
IO

LS

CP

IO = (Immediate Occupancy)
LS = (Life Safety)
CP = (Collapse Prevention)
220 |

2.8.65

8.7.12

Pushover

2Pushover
> Pushover > Pushove

3Pushover
> Pushover > Pushove

4
> Pushover > Pushove

5()
> Pushover > Pushove

6Pushover
> Pushover > Pushove Pushover
7
> Pushover > Pushove

| 221

9.1

()

9.1.1

Mu Cu KS u f I f N p

2.9.1

M
C
KS
u
u u
p
fI
fN

Newmark-
Newmark-
Newton-Raphson
t t t

ut t ut 1 tut tut t
222 |

2.9.2

1
ut t ut tut - t 2ut t 2ut t
2

2.9.3

ut t

ut t 1- ut 1 tut
t

2

2.9.4

ut t

ut t - tut - t 2ut
2
t
2

2.9.5

ut t ut t - ut
ut t

2.9.6

ut t ut 1
t

ut t

tut

2.9.7

1
1
1
ut t
ut ut
2
t
t
2

2.9.8

Newton-Raphson

u (i ) u (i ) u (i 1)
u (i ) u (i ) - u (i-1)

u (i )
t
1

2.9.9

u (i )

2.9.10

t t (i)
i)
( i 1)
(i )
ut(
t ut t u

i)
( i 1)
(i )
i 1)
ut(
ut(
t ut t u
t

i)
( i 1)
(i )
i 1)
ut(
ut(
t ut t u
t

2.9.11

u (i)
t
1

u (i )

2.9.12

2.9.13

t t (i)
| 223

i)
(i )
(i )
Mut(
t Cut t f (u ) t t pt t

2.9.14

(2.9.14)(2.9.12)(2.9.13) u(i )
(i )
(i )
K Eff
u (i ) pEff

2.9.15

K Eff

1
i)
C Kt(
t
t

i 1)
( i 1)
( i 1)
pEff pt t Mut(
t Cut t f t t

2.9.16

2.9.17

K Eff
pEff
Kt(i ) t
u(i )
Newmark-

9.1.2

Pushover

Newton-Raphson

1)
2)

224 |

(O)

(X)

(O)

(X)

(Time Varying Static Load)


0 1

Pushover

9.1.3

(1)
(2)
P

Pini0

P1(+)

Pini
P2(+)

Pini0
(=Pini )
P1(+)

K0

K0

Dini D1(+)

a
2.9.1

D1(+)

D2(+)

Dini

( 2.9.1)
(1) K 0 Dini
a. Dini ()
b. Dini Dini Pini Dini Pini

(2) ut t

(3) ut t ut tut tut t


D P

| 225

(4)
D* D Dini P* P Pini
(5) D* P *
(6)
(7) D D* Dini

P P* Pini
(8) 2

9.1.4

1 6EI/L
3EI/L2EI/L
2
3
(+)(-)(+)(-)

(+)(-)
(+)(-)

9.1.5

(Residual Force)

1
Newton- Raphson
2

2.9.2 -

226 |

unT un
unT un

T
peff
, n peff , n
T
peff
,1 peff ,1

T
peff
un
T
peff
,1 u1

2.9.18

D
F
E
T
peff
n

un n
un n

eff

eff

R ; Effective Load

t t

R t t
Eff
Eff

eff

Rt

K t(2)
t

K t(1)t

rt(2)
t

rt(1)
t

eff R t t

t
Eff

K t(0)
t

u ; Displacement
ut

ut(0)
t

ut(1)t

(3)
ut(2)
t u t t

eff R t t ; Incremental Effective Load


rt t ; Residual Force

2.9.2

9.2
9.2.1

flexibility method
Euler Bernoulli Beam Theory

>>
>

| 227

Inelastic Hinge
M

Rigid
Zone

Elastic Beam

Rigid
Zone

Rigid
Zone

Integration Point

(a)

Rigid
Zone

(b)
2.9.3

-
2.9.4
(
)
()

ij

cord rotation
angle:
M
Inelastic Hinge
M

Rigid
Zone

Elastic Beam
Inelastic Spring

2.9.4
228 |

Rigid
Zone

1.
(Lumped Type Hinge Model)

--

()

FS FH FH 0

2.9.19

F FB FS

2.9.20

K = F 1

2.9.21

FH

FH0

FS

FB

e
1
FS

1
FS0

1
FH

2.9.5

-
-
2.9.6
| 229

?
M

?
M

2.9.6

6EI
L

3EI
L

2EI
L

(=L=EI)

2.
(Distributed Type Hinge Model)
-(Gauss-Lobbato)

--
L

F bT ( x) f ( x)b( x)dx

2.9.22

K = F 1

2.9.23

f(x) x
b(x) x
F
K
L
x

1
EI

EI
I

2.9.7
230 |

-(Gauss-Legendre)
-(Gauss-Lobatto)

120
2.9.8
-
(Classical Gauss Integration)

5
5

a=1

b=2

c=3

d=4

e=5
2.9.8

9.2.2

f=6

joint i

kx

k x
ky

kz

k y

k z

joint j
2.9.9

(General Link)

| 231

9.2.3

kx

j
nj , uj

ni , ui

i
n ,u

L
2.9.10

9.3

-
-

2.9.1

9.3.1

232 |

2.9.1

(Kinematic

P-M-M

P-M

P-M

P-M

P-M

P-M

hardening/Trilinar)

(Normal Bilinear)

(Normal Trilinear)

(Origin-oriented/Trilinar)

(Peak-oriented/Trilinar)

(Origin Peakoriented/Trilinear)

P-M

(Clough/Bilinear)

P-M

(Degrading Tri-linear)

P-M

(Original Takeda Triliear)

P-M

(Original Takeda Tetralinear)

P-M

(Modified Takeda Trilinear)

(Modified Takeda

P-M

Tetralinear)

P-M

(Elastic Bilinear)

(Elastic Trilinear)

P-M

P-M

(Elastic Tetralinear)
| 233

P-M

(Slip Bilinear)

P-M

(Slip Bilinear/Tension)

P-M

(Slip Bilinear/Compression)

P-M

(Slip Trilinear)

P-M

(Slip Trilinear/Tension)

P-M

(Slip Trilinear/Compression)

9.3.2

Ramberg Osgood

Hardin Drnevich

()

2.9.11

()

a
234 |

P(+)

M cr f tk Z

MZ(+)

Z
N
A

ftk
Z
A
N

y
My(+)
z

Ds2
Ds3

Dc

ecu
es1

Ds1
Ds4 es3
es4

fck

a1fck
fs1

es2 c

fs2

fs3

fs3

fs4
f

si

fs1

b1c

fs2
fs4
f

si

DC

b
2.9.11

9.4

(response point)-

(Bauschinger Effect)

(Strain Hardening)

| 235

9.4.1

P1(+)

K0

D1(-)

K2(+)

K0

K0
D1(+)

K2(-)

2.9.12

P1(-)

P1(+)P1(-)
D1(+)D1(-)
K0
(+)

K2 K2(-) K2(+)=1(+)K0K2(-)=1(-)K0

1(+)1(-)
3
Dmax D1 K0
D D1(+)

D1(+)<D, D<D1(-)(Masing)

236 |

9.4.2

(Bauschinger effect)

P
P2(+)

K3(+)

P1(+)

K0

K2(+)

K0

K0

K0

K0
D

D2(-)

D1(-)

K2(-)

D1(+)

D2(+)

P1(-)

K3(-)

P2(-)

2.9.13

P1(+)P1(-)
P2(+)P2(-)
D1(+)D1(-)
D2(+)D2(-)
K0
(+)

K2 K2(-) K2(+)=1(+)K0K2(-)=1(-)K0
K3(+)K3(-) K3(+)=2(+)K0K3(-)=2(-)K0

1(+)1(-)
2(+)2(-)
3
Dmax D2
Dmax D2
| 237

9.4.3

P
K3(+)
P2(+)
K2(+)
P1(+)
K0

D2(-)

D1(-)
D1(+)

D
D2(+)

P1(-)
K2(-)
P2(-)
K3(-)

2.9.14

P1(+)P1(-)
P2(+)P2(-)
D1(+)D1(-)
D2(+)D2(-)
K0
(+)

K2 K2(-) K2(+)=1(+)K0K2(-)=1(-)K0
K3(+)K3(-) K3(+)=2(+)K0K3(-)=2(-)K0

1(+)1(-)
2(+)2(-)

238 |

9.4.4

P
K3(+)
P2(+)
K2(+)
P1(+)
K0

D1(-)

D2(-)

D1(+)

D
D2(+)

P1(-)
(-)

K2

P2(-)
K3

(-)

2.9.15

P1(+)P1(-)
P2(+)P2(-)
D1(+)D1(-)
D2(+)D2(-)
K0
(+)

K2 K2(-) K2(+)=1(+)K0K2(-)=1(-)K0
K3(+)K3(-) K3(+)=2(+)K0K3(-)=2(-)K0
1(+)1(-)
2(+)2(-)

| 239

9.4.5

()
max

()
, Pmax

K2(+)
P1(+)

Kr(+)

K0
D1(-)

Kr(-)

D1(+)

P1(-)

( )
max

( )
max

,P

K2(-)

P
P1(+)

D1(+)

D1(-)

P1(-)

2.9.16

P1(+)P1(-)
D1(+)D1(-)

240 |

K0
(+)

K2 K2(-) K2(+)=1(+)K0K2(-)=1(-)K0
1(+)1(-)
Kr ( ) K 0
Kr(+)Kr(-)

Kr ( ) K0

D1( )
( )
Dmax

D1( )
()
Dmax

K0

(+)

K0 Dmax

Dmax(-)


3
Dmax D1 K 0
D D1() K 2()
K 2(-)

D1(+)DD D1(-) Kr () Kr (-)


9.4.6

P
P2(+)
P1(+)

D2(-)

D1(-)
D1(+)

D2(+)

P1(-)
P2(-)

2.9.17

P1(+)P1(-)
| 241

P2(+)P2(-)
D1(+)D1(-)
D2(+)D2(-)
K0
(+)

K2 K2(-) K2(+)=1(+)K0K2(-)=1(-)K0
K3(+)K3(-) K3(+)=2(+)K0K3(-)=2(-)K0
1(+)1(-)
2(+)2(-)
3
Dmax D1 K 0

D D1() K 2()

K 2(-)
D1( )

D D D1( )


(-)
P ( ) Pmax
1
Kr1 max

K0 K0 ,
()
(-)
Dmax Dmax K1

9.4.7

K1

P 2( ) P 2

(-)

D 2( ) D 2

(-)

2.9.24

P
P2(+)

P1(+)

D2(-)

D1(-)

D1(+)

D2(+)

P1(-)

P2(-)

2.9.18

242 |

P1(+)P1(-)
P2(+)P2(-)
D1(+)D1(-)
D2(+)D2(-)
K0
(+)

K2 K2(-) K2(+)=1(+)K0K2(-)=1(-)K0
K3(+)K3(-) K3(+)=2(+)K0K3(-)=2(-)K0

1(+)1(-)
2(+)2(-)


()
()
Kun
Kr ( ) Kun
Kr ( )

3
Dmax D1 K0 (Rule0)
()

(+)

(-)

D D1 K2 K2 (Rule1)

(Rule2)
(Rule3)
(+)
(-)
K2 K2 (Rule4)
P
Rule: 4

P2(+)
Rule: 1

P1(+)

(+)

K2

Rule: 0

Rule: 3

K0
Rule: 2
(+)

D2(-)

Kr1

D1(-)

D1(+)

D2(+)

P1(-)

Rule: 5
(-)

K2

P2(-)

| 243

(+)
(-)
D D2() K3 K3 (Rule:13)
(+)
(-)
Kr Kr (Rule:15)
( )

Kr P1 P1 (Rule:17)

Kr

()

Kb

()

Dmax

D2 ()

Kr

()

Kb

()

Dmax

D2 ()

2.9.25

(=0.4Default)

Kb

()

P 2 ( ) P1( )

Kb

D 2 ( ) D1( )

( )

P 2 ( ) P1( )

D 2 ( ) D1( )

2.9.26

P
Rule: 16
Rule: 13

P2(+)

K3(+)

Rule: 15

P1(+)
Rule: 14

Kr(+)
D2(-)

D1(+)

D1(-)

D2(+)

Rule: 17

P1(-)
Rule: 18
Rule: 19

P2(-)

K3(-)

0 (Rule:18)
(Rule:20) 0
(-)
(+)
Kun Kun 0

(Rule:21)
P
Rule: 13

P2(+)

K3(+)

Kr(+)

P1(+)

Rule: 14
()
K un

Rule: 21

D2(-)

Rule: 22

D1(-)

D
K

()
un

Rule: 17
Rule: 20
Rule: 23

P1(-)
Rule: 18

P2(-)
K3(-)

244 |

9.4.8

P
K4(+)

P3(+)
P2(+)

P1(+)

D3(-)
D2(-) D1(-)

D1(+)

D2(+)

D3(+)

P1(-)

P2(-)
P3(-)

K4(-)

2.9.19

P1(+)P1(-)
P2(+)P2(-)
D1(+)D1(-)
D2(+)D2(-)
K0
(+)

K2 K2(-) K2(+)=1(+)K0K2(-)=1(-)K0
K3(+)K3(-) K3(+)=2(+)K0K3(-)=2(-)K0
1(+)1(-)
2(+)2(-)


3

D D3()

| 245

D D3() K 4() K 4(-)


9.4.9

P
P2(+)

P1(+)

D2(+)
D2(-)

D1(-) D1(+)

P1(-)

P2(-)

2.9.20

P1(+)P1(-)
P2(+)P2(-)
D1(+)D1(-)
D2(+)D2(-)
K0
(+)

K2 K2(-) K2(+)=1(+)K0K2(-)=1(-)K0
K3(+)K3(-) K3(+)=2(+)K0K3(-)=2(-)K0
1(+)1(-)
2(+)2(-)


3
246 |

Dmax D1 K0 (Rule0)
(+)

(-)

D D1() K2 K2 (Rule1)

(Rule2)
(Rule3)
(+)
(-)
K2 K2 (Rule4)

P
D

P2(+)

()
max

()
, Pmax

Rule: 1

P1(+)
Rule: 0

K2(+)
K0

Rule: 4

Rule: 3

Rule: 2

Kr(+)

D1(-)

D2(-)

D2(+)

D1(+)

Rule: 5

( )
max

( )
, Pmax

P1(-)
P2(-)

(+)
(-)
D D2() K3 K3 (Rule:10)
(+)
(-)
Kr Kr (Rule:11)

Kr

()

D()
max K 0 * max

D1( )

, Kb

2.9.27

Kb

()
( )
Pmax
Pmax
()
( )
Dmax
Dmax

2.9.28

( 0.4, Default )

0 (Rule:14)
(Rule:15) 0
(-)
(+)
Kun Kun 0

(Rule:16)
| 247

9.4.10

P
P3(+)

K4(+)

P2(+)

P1(+)

D3(-)
D2(-) D1(-) D1(+)

D2(+)

D3(+)

P1(-)

K4(-)

2.9.21

P2(-)
P3(-)

P1(+)P1(-)
P2(+)P2(-)
D1(+)D1(-)
248 |

D2(+)D2(-)
K0
(+)

K2 K2(-) K2(+)=1(+)K0K2(-)=1(-)K0
K3(+)K3(-) K3(+)=2(+)K0K3(-)=2(-)K0
1(+)1(-)
2(+)2(-)

9.4.11

P
K2(+)
P1(+)

K0
D1(-)
D1(+)

K0

P1(-)
(-)

K2

2.9.22

P1(+)P1(-)
D1(+)D1(-)
K0
(+)

K2 K2(-) K2(+)=1(+)K0K2(-)=1(-)K0
1(+)1(-)

9.4.12

| 249

P
K3(+)
P2(+)

K2(+)

P1(+)

K0
D2(-)

D1(-)
D1(+)

D2(+)

P1(-)
K2(-)

P2(-)

K3(-)

2.9.23

P1(+)P1(-)
P2(+)P2(-)
D1(+)D1(-)
D2(+)D2(-)
K0
(+)

K2 K2(-) K2(+)=1(+)K0K2(-)=1(-)K0
K3(+)K3(-) K3(+)=2(+)K0K3(-)=2(-)K0
1(+)1(-)
2(+)2(-)

9.4.13

250 |

P
P3(+)
P2(+)

K3(+)

P1(+)

D2(-) D1(-)

D3(-)

K4(+)

K2(+)

K0
D1(+) D2(+) D3(+)

K0

P1(-)
(-)

K2
K4(-)

K3

P2(-)
P3(-)

(-)

2.9.24

P1(+)P1(-)
P2(+)P2(-)
P3(+)P3(-)
D1(+)D1(-)
D2(+)D2(-)
D3(+)D3(-)
K0
(+)

K2 K2(-) K2(+)=1(+)K0K2(-)=1(-)K0
K3(+)K3(-) K3(+)=2(+)K0K3(-)=2(-)K0
K4(+)K4(-) K4(+)=3(+)K0K4(-)=3(-)K0
1(+)1(-)
2(+)2(-)
3(+)3(-)
3

0

P
(8)
(9)

(3)
(7)
(2)

(10)

(15)
(16)

(11)

(1)

(4)
(6)
(5)

(20)

(14)
(17)

(12)
(13)

(19)

(18)

| 251

9.4.14

K2(+)
P1(+)

() ( )
gap
gap

K0

D1(-)

K0
D

K0

D1(+)

K0

P1(-)
K2(-)

a
P

()
gap

K2(+)
P1(+)

D1(-)
K0

K0

()
gap

K0

K0

D
P1(-)

D1(+)

K2(-)

b/
2.9.25

c/

P1(+)P1(-)
D1(+)D1(-)
K0
(+)

K2 K2(-) K2(+)=1(+)K0K2(-)=1(-)K0
1(+)1(-)
gap(+)gap(-)

252 |

9.4.15

a
P
P

K3(+)

P2(+)
K2(+)

P1(+)
()
gap

( )
gap

K0

K0

D1(+)

D2(-)

D2(+)

K2(-)
K3(-)

b/
2.9.26

D1(-)

K0

K0

P1(-)

P1(-)

c/

P1(+)P1(-)
P2(+)P2(-)
D1(+)D1(-)
| 253

D2(+)D2(-)
K0
(+)

K2 K2(-) K2(+)=1(+)K0K2(-)=1(-)K0
K3(+)K3(-) K3(+)=2(+)K0K3(-)=2(-)K0
1(+)1(-)
2(+)2(-)
gap(+)gap(-)

9.4.16

1
-(Ramberg-Osgood)

1
G0

2.9.29

0
2

1
2G0

2 hmax
2

2 hmax
r G0

G0

G0

()

hmax

254 |

2.9.30

2.9.31

0
Skeleton Curve

G0

( 0 , 0 )

G0

Hysteresis Curve

( 0 , 0 )

2.9.27

9.4.17

1
--

G0
1 r

2.9.32

G0 ( m )
()
1 m / 2 r

2.9.33

G0 ( m )
()
1 m / 2 r

2.9.34

G0

( m , m )

| 255

G0 ()
r


0
Skeleton Curve

G0

( 0 , 0 )

G0

Hysteresis Curve

( 0 , 0 )

2.9.28

9.5

(Fiber Model)
1(Fiber Model)

256 |

9.5.1

2.9.29

b
2.9.29

()
N

a(i ) a(Ti )

i 1

a(Ti ) K s ,(i ) a( i )

1
Fs K s,(0)

2.9.35

K s ,(i )

1
kn,(i )

k1,(i )

0
0

0
k2,(i )
0

1
1 1

rn,(i ) rn,(i 1) kn,(0)

0
k3,(i )

(n 1, 2,3; i 1, 2)

2.9.36

2.9.37

i ()
Fs
a(i) i
| 257

kn,(i) n i (i=0 )
rn,(i) n i (i=0 1.0)
Fs

(Mroz)
(hardening rule)

2.9.30

9.5.2

P-MP-M-M

P-M P-M-M

1P-M
P-M
P-M

>>
()

258 |

2
1

2.9.31

P-M

2P-M-M
P-M-M PM-M (Kinematic Hardening type)

aP-M ()

bP-M-M ()

2.9.32 P-M P-M-M

9.5.3

P-M M-M

P-M

| 259

P Pbal
M

M max
Pmax Pbal

1.0

2.9.38

M y z (My Mz)
Mmax
P
Pbal
Pmax

y z (My,max Mz,max)

y z (Pbal,y Pbal,z)


y z (y z)

M-M

My
M y ,max

Mz

M z ,max

1.0

2.9.39

My,max y
Mz,max z

M-M

y
f P, M y , M z
M
y ,max
M
z

M
z ,max

g y M y , M z

g z M y , M z

P Pbal , y

P P
max bal , y
P Pbal , z

P P
max bal , z

2.9.40

My

M y ,max

gy M y, M z

My Mz


M y ,max M z ,max
260 |

2.9.41

Mz

M z ,max

gz M y , M z

My Mz


M y ,max M z ,max

2.9.42

yz
1.03.0 0.1 y z
y z P-My P-Mz

2.9.33

x1 0.8 x2
yc1 0.9 yc2

yt1 0.9 yt2

2.9.33

9.6

| 261

2.9.34

()
()
()

(Fiber Model)

(Layer Model)

2.9.34

20 - 2

()

2.9.35
262 |

Q1 , Q2 , Q3 , Q4 , Q5

2.9.43

q1 , q 2 , q3 , q 4 , q 5

2.9.44

D(x) M z (x) M y (x) N(x)

2.9.45

d (x) z (x) y (x) (x)

2.9.46

Di (x) b(x) Qi

2.9.47

b(x) (Force Interpolation Function)

x x

0
0
0
L -1 L

x x
b(x) 0
0
-1 0
L L

0
0
0
0
1

2.9.48

2.9.36

| 263

zi

y (x)

1 z (x)
(x)
x

-yi

2.9.49

x
y(x) x y
z(x) x z

x(x) x
yi i y
zi i z

i i
i
(constitutive relation)

n(x) j
2
E i Ai y i
i=1
n(x)
k j (x) - E ji A i yi z i
i=1
n(x) j
- E i A i y i
i=1

n(x)

- E ji A i yi z i
i=1
n(x)

j
i

A i z 2i

i=1
n(x)

j
i

Ai zi

i=1

f j (x) k j (x)

n(x)

- E ji A i y i
i=1

n(x)

E ji A i z i 2.9.50

i=1

n(x)

E ji A i

i=1

2.9.51

k j (x) j

x
f (x) j x
n(x) x
j

E j i (x) j x

Ai i
yi , zi i

n(x)
DR (x) - ji Ai yi
i=1
j

264 |

n(x)

i=1

n(x)

ji Ai zi

i=1

ji Ai

2.9.52

-
-()

9.6.1

1Modified Menegotto & Pinto Steel Model


1

(1973) (Filippou1983)

(Kinematic Hardening)

(1 b)

R 1/ R

2.9.53

r
r
a
,
, R R0 1
0 r
0 r
a2

2.9.54



(r, r)
(0, 0)
b
R0, a1, a2

(0, 0)

()

/0 ()
(Fy/E)( 2.9.37)

1.Menegotto, M. and Pinto, P.E., Method of Analysis for Cyclically Loaded ReinForced Concrete Plane Frames Including
Changes in Geometry and Non-Elastic Behavior of Elements under Combined Normal Force and Bending, Proceedings, IABSE
Symposium on Resistance and Ultimate Deformability of Structures Acted on by Well Defined Repeated Loads, Lisbon, 1973,
pp.15-22.
2. Filippou, F.C., Popov, E.P. and Bertero, V.V., Effects of Bond Deterioration on Hysteretic Behavior of ReinForced Concrete
Joints, EERC Report 83-19, Earthquake Engineering Research Center, Berkeley, 1983.

| 265

( 0
, 0) 2

, r)1
( r

Fy
b
E
E

( r
, r )2

( 0
, 0)1

1
2.9.37

-
4

266 |

2.9.38

1
2 E2 E4
3 E3 E4
4 E1
5 1 E5
6

7
8
16 E1

9.6.2

1
3
4
Scott(1982) Kent Park(1971)

(Confinement Effect)

Kf c 2
c
0 0

Kf c 1 Z 0 0.2 Kf c

for 0

2.9.55

for 0 u

0
u

fc

(MPa)

3. Scott, B.D., Park, R. and Priestley, M.J.N., StressStrain Behavior of Concrete Confined by Overlapping Hoops at Low and High Strain Rates, ACI Journal, Vol.79, No.1, 1982, pp.
13-27.

4. Kent, D.C., and Park, R., Flexural Members with Confined Concrete, Journal of the Structural Division, ASCE, 97(ST7), 1971

| 267

compressive
stress

K
fc

Z
K
fc
0.2K
fc
0

2.9.39

compressive
strain

Modified Kent & Park

(Crushing)
Kent Park

0 0.002K
K 1
Z

2.9.56

s f yh
f c

2.9.57

0.5
3 0.29 f c
h
0.75 s
0.002 K
145 f c 1000
sh

2.9.58

fyh

()(MPa)

s =/
h

() (
)

sk

Scott (1982)

u 0.004 0.9 s f yh / 300

2.9.59

(p, 0)

p


0.145 r 0.13 r
0
0
0
2

0.707 r 2 0.834
0
0

268 |


for r 2
0

for r 2
0

2.9.60

r
p

2
50 N/mm -

2.9.40

'c E0 K ( 'c ' p )


E0

'
exp 0.73 max
' peak

2.9.61

2 f 'c
' peak

2.9.62

'
1 exp 1.25 max

' peak

' p 'max 2.86 ' peak 1 exp 0.35

2.9.63

2.9.64

'max
' peak

' peak
'max
' p

| 269

3
()

2.9.41

1 n1
c

Ec c 1
n cc

cc Edes ( c cc )

(0 c cc )

2.9.65

( cc c cu )

Ec cc
Ec cc cc

2.9.66

cc ck 3.8 s sy
cc

0.002 0.033

Edes

cu

270 |

11.2

cc


0.2 cc
cc E
des

2.9.67

s sy
ck

2.9.68

2ck
s sy

( T y p e
I

2.9.69

2.9.70
( T y p e
II

4 Ah
sd

0.018

2.9.71

c
cc
ck
c
cc
cu
Ec
Edes
s
Ah
s
d
sy
,(=1=0.2, 0.4)
4

2.9.42

2
c ck 2 c / 0 c / 0

2.9.72

| 271

ck
bt
cu
0
5
-

2.9.43

6(GB50010-2002)-

-( 2.9.44)
2
3
x1, y=ax+(3-2a)x +(a-2)x
2

x>1, y=x/[d(x-1) +x]


x=/c y=/f*c

2.9.73
2.9.74
2.9.75

ad -
f*c (fckfc fcm)
c f*c
u - 0.5f*c

2.9.44
272 |

2.9.2

f*c(N/mm2)

15

20

25

30

35

40

45

50

55

60

c(10-6)

1370

1470

1560

1640

1720

1790

1850

1920

1980

2030

2.21

2.15

2.09

2.03

1.96

1.90

1.84

1.78

1.71

1.65

0.41

0.74

1.06

1.36

1.65

1.94

2.21

2.48

2.74

3.00

u/c

4.2

3.0

2.6

2.3

2.1

2.0

1.9

1.9

1.8

1.8

-( 2.9.45)
x1, y=1.2x-0.2x6

2.9.76

1.7
x>1, y=x/[t(x-1) +x]

2.9.77

x=/t y=/f*t

2.9.78

t -
f*t (ftkft ftm)
t f*t

2.9.45
2.9.3

f*t(N/mm2)

1.0

1.5

2.0

2.5

3.0

3.5

t(10-6)

65

81

95

107

118

128

0.31

0.70

1.25

1.95

2.81

3.82

| 273

10

10.1

midas Civil
1

midas Civil
1()()

2
3
4
5
6

10.2
midas Civil (creep)(shrinkage)(aging)

274 |

10

10.2.1

2.10.1

2.10.1 (true elastic strain)


midas Civil

1.5~3 1/2
5

2.10.1

1
2
3
4

t 0 =1 t
J (t,t0 )

(t ) i (t0 ) c (t, t0 ) J (t, t0 )

2.10.1

J (t, t0 ) (creep function)

| 275

2.10.2

2.10.2 J (t , t0 )

J (t , t0 )

1
C (t , t0 )
E (t0 )

2.10.2

E (t0 ) C (t, t ) t (specific


creep) J (t , t0 )
0

J (t , t0 )

1 (t , t0 )
E (t0 )

2.10.3

(t, t0 ) (creep coefficient)

(t , t0 ) E(t0 ) C(t, t0 )
C (t , t 0 )

(t , t0 )
E (t 0 )

2.10.4

2.10.5

midas Civil
(creep coefficient)
(creep function)(specific creep)
(JTJ D62-2004)
F

(aging)

2.10.4

()

276 |

10

2.10.3

2.10.4

10.2.1

4~7

14

28

90

365

3.8

3.2

2.8

2.0

1.1

4.0

3.4

3.0

2.2

1.3

t0 t

s (t, t0 ) so f (t, t0 )
so

f (t , t0 ) t

2.10.6
to

| 277

10.2.2

(non-mechanical)

midas Civil

(>>)
(>
>())

c (t, t0 ) (t, t0 ) (t0 )

2.10.7

P E (t ) c (t , t0 )dA

2.10.8

(t0) t0

(t, t0 ) t0 t
t0 t

(t0 )

t0

c (t ) C (t0 , t t0 )

c(t) t
C(t0, t-t0)(specific creep)
t0

278 |

dt0

2.10.9

10

n 1

c,n j C (t j , tn t j )

2.10.10

j 1

tj
tn1 c , n

tn

n 1

n2

j 1

j 1

c,n c ,n c ,n 1 j C (t j , tn t j ) j C t j , tn 1 t j

2.10.11

tn t j

C t j , tn t j ai t j 1 e i

i 1

2.10.12

ai(tj)

tj

(2.10.12)(2.10.11)

c ,n

c ,n

tn1 t j
t t
n2

n n1
i
j ai t j e
n 1ai tn 1 1 e i


i 1 j 1

t t
n n1

Ai ,n 1 e i

i 1

2.10.13

2.10.14

n2

Ai , n j ai t j e

tn1 t j
i

n 1ai tn 1 n 2

2.10.15

j 1

Ai ,n Ai ,n 1e

tn1 tn2
i

n 1ai tn 1

Ai ,2 1ai t1

2.10.16
2.10.17

Cai
i A A

| 279

midas Civil

10.2.3

1/4 1/2

midas Civil

sh (t2 , t1 ) sh (t2 , t0 ) sh (t1, t0 )

2.10.18

sh(t2,t1)

t1 t2

sh(t1,t0)

t0 t1

sh(t2,t0)

t0 t2

Fprimary EA sh

2.10.19

()
()

Fsec ondary EA( sh ) F Fprimary

2.10.20

10.2.4

(
)
280 |

10

10.3
midas Civil (base stage)(construction stage)
(final stage)
1(base stage)

2(construction stage)
()()
3(final stage)

midas Civil 2.10.5


0()

2.10.5

| 281

midas Civil

(>
>)
( 0 1 )
()
()
100%
0%
""
""

2.10.6

2.10.6

midas Civil ""

282 |

10

2.10.6

10.4

10.4.1

1
2

| 283

10.4.2

1
2

3
4

2.10.7

10.5
midas Civil

284 |

10

10.5.1

()

(Sag)
mono-Duo
1
2
3
4

10.5.2

N-1 N

2.10.8

X-Z

Wsi Wci i

Ti

di
d
Ti 1 i 1 ( i 1, 2, ..., N 1 )
li
li 1

2.10.21

| 285

T1

d1
d
d
T2 2 TN N Tx
l1
l2
lN

2.10.22

Ti i-1 i
li
Tx
Y-Z

2.10.9

Y-Z

Ti

zi zi 1
z z
z zi
Ti 1 i 1 i Pi Gi
Wci ( i 1 , 2 ,..., N 1 ) 2.10.23
li
li 1
hi

Pi i hi
(2.10.23)(2.10.24) N-1

z z
z z
z zi
Tx i 1 i i i 1 Pi Gi
Wci Wsi Wci
di
di 1
hi

( i 1 , 2 ,..., N 1 )

2.10.24

Wsi Wci
zi ( i 1 , 2 ,..., N 1 ) Tx N N-1

286 |

10

zN
2

10.5.3

1
(z
2

z0 ) f

2.10.25

N-1

y yi
y yi 1
yGi yi
y yi
Tx i 1
i
Wsi Gi
Pi
di
di 1
hi
zGi zi 2.10.26

( i 1 , 2 ,..., N 1 )
( Tx ) y
y0 , y N N-1 yi ( i 1 , 2 ,..., N 1 ) N-1

10.5.4

2
(1)

2.10.10

| 287

2.10.11

10.5.5

()

288 |

10

2.10.12

| 289

11

80100cm 50cm

11.1

11.1.1

(Fourier's Law)

Qx kA

Qx
A
k
T

x

290 |

T
x

2.11.1

11

1.21~3.11 kcal / m2 h C

11.1.2

(forced convection)(free convection)

(temperature field)

T T

q hc (T T )

2.11.2

q T T hc

hc hn hf 5.2 3.2v (m/sec)

2.11.3

() kcal / m2 h C

11.1.3

( C )

T K (1 e t )

2.11.4

T ( C )
K ( C )

t ()

| 291

1
cK e t / 24
24

2.11.5

c g
kcal / m3 h t

11.1.4

T Ts ,o Tm,i Tm,o
qconv hp As (Ts Tm ) hP As s ,i

2
2

2.11.6

hp ( kcal / m2 h C )
As (m2 )
Ts ,Tm ( C )

11.1.5

11.1.6

11.1.7

CT (K H)T FQ Fh Fq

() C cNi N j dxdydz
V

292 |

2.11.7
2.11.8

11

Ni N j

x x

K k xx

k yy

Ni N j
y y

k zz

dxdydz
z z

Ni N j

2.11.9

H hNi N j dSh
S

2.11.10

FQ NiQdxdydz

2.11.11

Fh hT Ni dSh

2.11.12

Fq qNi dSq

2.11.13

T

c
kxxkyykzz
h
Q
q

11.2

11.2.1

(JSCE, 2002)(Japanese standard, 2002)

| 293

CEB-FIP MODEL CODE



Ohzagi
CEB-FIP MODEL CODE
n

4000
teq ti exp 13.65

273 T (ti ) / T0
i 1

2.11.14

teq (days)
ti (days)
T(ti) ( C )
T0 1
(Japanese standard, 2002)

teq

T (ti ) 10
ti
30

2.11.15

teq (days)
ti (days)
T(ti) ( C )
Ohzagi
n

M ti T (ti ) 10

2.11.16

i 1

0.0003(T (ti ) 10)2 0.006(T (ti ) 10) 0.55

M ( C )
ti (days)
T(ti) ( C )

294 |

2.11.17

11

11.2.2

1(2003)

fcu (t )

t
d (i) f ck
a bt

2.11.18

ab
d(i) 91 28
2ACI CODE

c (t )

t
c (28)
a bteq

2.11.19

ab
c(28) 28
3CEB-FIP MODEL CODE
1/ 2

28

c (t ) exp s 1
c (28)

teq / t1

2.11.20

s
c(28) 28
t1 1 day
4Ohzagi

c (t ) c(28) y

2.11.21

y ax 2 bx c

2.11.22

M
x 2.389ln
1.0
3.5

2.11.23

abc
c(28) 28

| 295

11.2.3

11.2.4

11.2.5

11.3
1 > > (/) >
> () >
>
2 > (
)
3 >

4>

2.11.1

296 |

11

2.11.2

2.11.3

| 297

1st Stage

2nd Stage

3rd Stage
2.11.4

298 |

12 PSC

12

PSC

12.1

1()
()
()
()
()
2()
()
()

1()
()
()
()
2()
()
()

midas Civil
midas Civil

| 299

midas Civil

midas Civil
1
2
3
4
5
6
7

12.2

Pe 20%
15%
midas Civil

12.2.1

l1

(curvature friction)
(wobble friction) (/radian)
k

l1 con [1 e( x ) ]

2.12.1

con

(rad)

x
2.12.1 (JTJ D62-2004) 6.2.2

300 |

12 PSC

2.12.1

0.0015

0.200.25

0.50

0.0015

0.140.17

0.0030

0.35

0.40

0.0010

0.25

0.0015

0.55

0.60

2.12.2 (TB10002.32005)
6.3.4-1
2.12.2

12.2.2

0.55

0.0015

0.35

0.0030

0.200.26

0.00200.0030

l2

(Overstressing)

midas Civil
(TB10002.32005) D

2.12.1

| 301

2.12.1

midas Civil

2.12.3 (JTJ D62-2004) 6.2.3

2.12.3

2.12.4 (TB10002.32005)
6.3.4-2
2.12.4

12.2.3

4
6

0.05

l4

2.12.2

2.12.3

midas Civil
302 |

12 PSC

Pj

(a)

(b)

2.12.2

Pi

Pj

(a)

(b)

2.12.3

12.2.4

(c)

Pi

(c)

l5

(relaxation)

(JTJ D62-2004) 6.2.6


F F.3
F.3

1( WireStrand )

l 5 (0.52

pe
0.26) pe
f pk

2.12.2

1.0 0.9

1.0 0.3

fpk

2( SteelBar )
| 303

l 5 0.05 con

2.12.3

l 5 0.035 con

2.12.4

con
3( F F.3)
2.12.5

()

10

20

30

40

0.5

0.61

0.74

0.87

1.00

(TB10002.32005) 6.3.4-5
6.3.4-5
2 40

l 5 con

2.12.5

con
TB05

()
a

0.4(

con
f pk

0.5)

2.12.6

b
con 0.7 f pk

con

0.5)

2.12.7

con
0.575)
f pk

2.12.8

0.125(

f pk

0.7 f pk con 0.8 f pk

0.2(

304 |

12 PSC

c
0.5 0.035
midas Civil Magura5. CEB-FIP
5.
Magura CEB-FIP

Magura

fs
log t f si
1
0.55

f si
C f y

2.12.9

f si
0.55
fy

2.12.10

fsi
fs t
Fy (0.1% offset yield stress)
C 10 45
midas Civil
6
(fictitious initial prestress)
CEB-FIP

RP
f n f si
DLn DLn 1
100

2.12.11

- tntn-11000 ()

DLn

1 tn ts

ln
1 ,
16 10

DLn 1

1 tn 1 ts

ln
1
16 10

2.12.12

- 1000tntn-1500000 ()

5.

Magura, D.D., Sozen, M.A., and Siess, C.P., A Study of Stress Relaxation in Prestressing Reinforcement, PCI Journal, Vol.

9, No. 2, April, 1964.


6. Kan, Y.G., Nonlinear Geometric, Material and Time Dependent Analysis of Reinforced and Prestressed Concrete Frames,
Ph. D. Dissertation, Department of Civil Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, June 1977

| 305

0.2

t t
DLn n s ,
500000

t t
DLn 1 n 1 s
500000

0.2

2.12.13

- tntn-1500000 ()

DLn DLn 1 1.0

2.12.14

fsi
RP (%)
tntn-1 nn-1 ()
ts ()

12.2.5

l6

1
2
10

12.3
midas Civil

2.12.4

306 |

12 PSC

midas Civil
2.12.4
2.12.4 ()

2.12.4 Pi Pj i j
( px , my , pz )

pxi p i cos i
pzi p i sin i

2.12.15

m p e
i
y

i
x

i
z

pxj p j cos j
pzj p j sin j
m p e
j
y

F
F

j
x

2.12.16

j
z

pxi wxl pxj 0

pzi wz l pzj 0

2.12.17

l2
M yj miy pzi l wz 2 myj myl 0

pxj pxi
l
i
p pzj
wz z
l
wx

2.12.18

i
j
l my my
m y p wz
2
l
i
z

midas Civil

| 307

13

midas Civil
1
2

()

midas Civil

midas Civil -Z
()
midas Civil 2.13.1

2.13.1

midas Civil
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
308 |

13

13.1

(
)

13.1.1

2.13.1

ECC
(-)
ECC
(+)

---

:
:

b
2.13.1

| 309

z Z x
Z
(
)

1/41/23/4
2m

13.1.2

2.13.2
()

2.13.2

:
:
:

310 |

13

13.2
midas Civil

2.13.2

midas Civil

CH-CD

CH-CL

( I

(JTG B01-2003)

CH-RQ

II )

-10

QC-10

-15

QC-15

-20

QC-20

- 20

QC-C20

-50

LD-50

()

-80

GC-80

-100

GC-100

-120

GC-120

CH-SL

TB10002.1-2005

(TB10002.1-99)

CH-NL

99

ZK ()

CH-HL

-A

C-AL

-B

C-BL

-A

C-AD

2~20m

-B

C-BD

20~150m

(JTJ 001-97)

(CJJ 77-98)

/()

| 311

2.13.3

midas Civil

AASHTO Standard
AASHTO LRFD

H15-44, HS15-44, H15-44L, HS15-44L


H20-44, HS20-44, H20-44L, HS20-44L, AML
HL-93TRK, HL-93TDM, HS20-FTG
P5, P7, P9, P11, P13, P15

Caltrans Standard
Permit Load(user defined)

PENNDOT

PHL-93TRK, PHL-93TDM, PHS20-FTGP-82


ML-80TK-527
CE-80(Cooper E80 Train Load)
UIC80(UIC80 Train Load)M1600S1600

BS5400

HA & HB

BD37/01

HAHBHA & HBPedestrain

BS EN 1991-2.2003

Load Model 1~4, Fatigue Load Model

EN 1991-2.2003

CL-625 TruckCL-625 LaneCL1-625-ONT


Truck

CAN/CSA-S6-00

CL1~3-625-ONT Lane(A)
CL1~3-625-ONT Lane(B)
CL1~3-625-ONT Lane(C or D)
Class AClass BClass 70RClass 40RClass

IRC: 6-2000

AA
Footway

DB-24, DB-18, DB-13.5, DL-24, DL-18, DL-13.5


L-25, L-22, L-15, S-25, S-22, S-18, S-15

HL
EL-25, EL-22, EL-18

312 |

13

a(P)

A # #
B W
B W

A2 A4

A1 A3

b(W)
2.13.3

2.13.4

| 313

midas Civil
()
1

( 2.13.5)

2.13.5

2()
1( 2.13.6)

314 |

13

2.13.6

3 1

( 2.13.7)

| 315

2.13.7
2.13.4

midas Civil ()

(JTG B01-2003)

(JTJ 001-97)

(TB10002.1

316 |

99)

(CJJ 77-98)

()

(GB50157-2003)

80kN()

13

13.3
midas Civil

1. (JTG B01-2003)(JTJ 001-97)


()
()
1(6.0.6 )
2.13.5

1.00

0.78

0.67

0.60

0.55

0.52

0.50

2(6.0.7 )
2.13.6
L0(m)

150< L0 <400

0.97

400 L0 <600

0.96

600 L0 <800

0.95

800 L0 <1000

0.94

L0 1000

0.93

2. (TB10002.1-99)
4.3.9

2.13.7

0.90

0.80

75%

3. (CJJ 77-98)

| 317

4.1.6 (
)
2.13.8

1.00

1.00

0.80

0.67

0.60

0.55

13.4
midas Civil (JTJ 001-97)

midas Civil

13.5
midas Civil
(>>())

1 3 1 2

13.6
midas Civil (>>
>)

318 |

14

14

midas Civil

Z
10

| 319

15

midas Civil
1

15

320 |

16

16

2.16.1
midas Civil
(equality condition)
n

(inequality condition)(object function)(


i 1

( X )( Max( X1 ,
i 1

2
i

X2 ,

Xn )

Xi

2.16.1(a)
2.16.1(b)
2.16.1(c)B C (+)

2.16.1(a) A B

1
2()
3

M A1P1 M A2 P2 M AD M A

2.16.1

M B1P1 M B 2 P2 M BD M B

2.16.2

MAi Pi A
MBi Pi B
MAD A
MBD B
MA P1P2 A
MB P1P2 B
4
1

P1 M A1 M A2 M A M AD


P2 M B1 M B 2 M B M BD

2.16.3

2.16.1(c)
| 321

1
2()
3

A1T1 A2T2 A3T3 AD A

2.16.4

B1T1 B2T2 B3T3 BD 0

2.16.5

C1T1 C 2T2 C 3T3 CD 0

2.16.6

Ti 0 (i 1,2,3)

2.16.7

A1 Ti A
B1 Ti B
C1 Ti C
AD A
BD B
CD C

A A

4
midas Civil (object function)midas Civil

a A M1B M2 P1P2

322 |

16

b ADG
BCFF P1P2

c A A
B C 0 T1T2T3
2.16.1

| 323

324 |

Part3

Part3

midas Civil

midas Civil

| 325

326 |

RC

RC

1.1 RC
1.1.1
1.

(JTG D62-2004) 7.2.4-1

cc

M tk x0

0.80 f ck
I cr

3.1.1

M tk

x0

Icr x0

f ck f cu
JTG D62-2004 3.1.3
2.

midas Civil -

3.1.1

(1). Sig_MAX

| 327

(2). Sig_ALW
f ck 0.8 f ck
f ck 0.8 f ck
excel
(3).
6
62=12

(4). My_MAXMy_MIN

(5).
(6).

328 |

1.1.2
3.

RC

(JTG D62-2004) 7.2.4-2

sit ES

M tk (h0i x0 )
0.75 f sk
I cr

3.1.2

sit i
M tk

h0i i
x0

Icr x0

fsk JTG D62-2004 3.2.2-1

4.

midas Civil -

3.1.2

(1).
RC RC Rbar-
(2). Sig_DL Sig_LL
Sig_ADL Sig_ALL

| 329

3.1.3

(3). Sig_DL CS

(4). Sig_LL

(5).

330 |

1.1.3
1.

RC

(JTG D62-2004) 7.2.5


tp
t

tpt

Vkt
f tk
bz 0

3.1.3

Vkt
b T I
Z0

f tk
2.

midas Civil -

3.1.4

(1). Sig-M Sig-ML


Sig-MR
Sig-MAX=maxSig-MSig-MLSig-MRCS
7.2.5
t
Vk
(2). Sig-ALW
f tk 0.8 f tk
Excel

| 331

1.1.4
1.

- JTG D62-2004 6.4.16.4.4


1

0.20mm

0.15mm
3T I Wfk

W fk C1C2C3

ss 30 d

Es 0.28 10
As Ap

bh0 (b f b)h f

(mm)

3.1.4

3.1.5

C1 C1=1.4C1=1.0
C2 C2=1+0.5N1/NS N1 NS

C3


C3=1.15 C3=1.0 C3=1.2

C3=1.1 C3=0.9
ss JTG D62-2004 6.4.4
d mmd
2
de d e ni d i / ni d i
ni i di i

di
dpe d pe nd n
d
d de 1.3
>0.02 =0.02
<0.006 =0.006
332 |

RC

As
bf
hf
d de 1.25

4 as

ss

Ns
As

3.1.6

3.1.7

As

2.

midas Civil -

3.1.5

(1). Sig_SS ss

Ms

0.87 As h0

(2). W_tk 6.4.3-1


C1 C2
C2 C2=1+0.5M1/Ms
C2

| 333

d
6.4.3 d
(3). W_AC RC
JTG
D62-2004 6.4
0.2mm 0.15mm

(4). /

(5).
(6). MY-MAX
My

334 |

1.1.5
1.

RC

2.

midas Civil -

3.1.6

(1). Mj Ag_REQ_T
Ag_REQ_B Ag_USE_T
Ag_USE_B
(2).

| 335

1.1.6
1.

JTG D62-2004 5.2.11 60%


5.7.2-2

Vcs 1 2 3 0.45103 bh0 (2 0.6P f cu ,k sv f sv

3.1.8

sv sv b Sv
Asv,req

Vcs 0.6Vd 1 2 3 0.45 103 bh0

2 0.6P

f cu ,k sv f sv

Asv,req sv,req b sv

2.

3.1.9
3.1.10

midas Civil -

3.1.7

(1). Vj Ag_REQ
Ag_USE
(2). 9.3.13 sv=Asv/Sv
b

(3).

336 |

1.1.7
1.

RC

JTG D62-2004 5.2.15.2.5

b 3.1.1 5.2.1
b

3.1.1

C50

C55C60

C65C70

R235

0.62

0.60

0.58

HRB335

0.56

0.54

0.52

HRB400KL400

0.53

0.51

0.49

0.40

0.38

0.36

0.40

0.38

0.36

C75C80

0.35

1 b
2b=xb/h0xb

1 T

0 M d f cd bx h0 f sd As (h0 as ) ( f pd p 0 ) Ap (h0 ap )
2

3.1.11

p 0 ) Ap
f sd As f pd Ap f cd bx f sd As ( f pd

3.1.12

x b h0

3.1.13

( f pd p 0 )

x 2a

3.1.14

( f pd' 'p 0 )

x 2as

3.1.15
| 337


0 JTG D62-2004 5.1.5

Md
fcd JTG D62-2004 3.1.4
f sd f sd' JTG D622004 3.2.3-1
JTG
'
D62-2004 3.2.3-2
f pd

f pd

As

As'

Ap A

b T
h0 h0=h-a h
'
a a
'
p

'
s


p 0

'
ap

JTG D62-2004 6.1.5-2


JTG D62-2004 6.1.5-5 6.1.5 2
Md JTG
D62-2004 5.1.5
2 T I

p 0 ) Ap
f sd As f pd Ap f cd bf hf f sd As ( f pd

3.1.16

bf JTG D62-2004 5.2.2

2 1


h
x
0 M d f cd bx h0 bf b)hf (h0 f
2
2

f sd As (h0 as ) ( f pd p 0 ) Ap (h0 ap )

338 |

3.1.17

RC

x JTG D62-2004 5.2.235.2.2-45.2.2-5

f sd As f pd Ap f cd [bx bf b)hf ] f sd As ( f pd p 0 ) Ap

3.1.18

h 'f
b

'
f

T I
T I JTG D62-2004 4.2.2

33.1.18

4 JTG D62-2004 5.2.2-4


5.2.2-5
1

0 M d f pd Ap (h a p a ) f sd As (h as a )

3.1.19

0 M d f pd Ap (h a p as ) f sd As (h as as ) ( f pd p 0 ) Ap (ap as )
3.1.20

s p

2.

midas Civil -

3.1.8

(1). Mu Mn Mu
Mn
| 339

1.11.00.9

(2).
b
(3). /

340 |

1.1.8
1.

RC

JTG D62-2004 5.2.75.2.10

1T I

0Vd Vcs Vsb V pb

3.1.21

Vcs 1 2 3 0.45 103 bh0 (2 0.6P f cu ,k sv f sv

3.1.22

Vsb 0.75 10 3 f sd Asb sin s

3.1.23

V pb 0.75 10 3 f pd Apb sin p

3.1.24

Vd
kN

3
Vcs kN
Vsb kN
Vpb kN
1
1=1.0
1=0.9

2 2=1.0
2=1.25
2=1.0
3 3=1.1
b mm T I
mm
h0
mm
P P=100=Ap+ Apb+ As
/bh0 P>2.5 P=2.5
| 341

fcu,k 150mm MPa

sv sv =Asv/svb
fsv JTG D62-2004 3.2.3-1
Asv mm2
sv mm
AsbApb
2
mm
sp

13.1.22 sv fsv pv pdpv pd

23.1.21 Vd JTG
D62-2004 5.1.5
3

Vd Vcd

Md
tan
h0

3.1.25

Vcd Md
h0
-+
2 C

C 0.6mh0

3.1.26


Vd m=Md/Vdh0 m>3.0
m=0.3
Md
3 T I

342 |

RC

0Vd 0.5110 3 f cu ,k bh0 (kN )

3.1.27

Vd kN
b mm T I
mm
h0
mm

4T I

0Vd 0.50 10 3 2 f td bh0 (kN )

3.1.28

JTG D62-2004 9.3.13

ftd JTG D62-2004 3.1.4


3.1.28 1.25

2.

midas Civil -

3.1.9

(1). 5.2.9
OKNG
5.2.9

| 343

(2). 5.2.10

5.2.7
(3).
Asv sv 0 Vcs=0
Vsb
(4). /
h0

344 |

RC

1.1.9

1.

JTG D62-2004 5.5.15.5.5


1

0Td 0.35 f tdW t1.2

f sd Ast Sv
f sv Asv1U cor

f sv Asv1 Acor
Sv

3.1.29

3.1.30

0.6 1.7 > 1.7 = 1.7


ep0 h/6 1.7 3.1.29
0.05Np0Wt/A0 = 1.7 ep0 > h/6 < 1.7

Td

0.1b t2 0.25b 0.1h t1 0.25h
=4t2/b =4t1/b t2>0.25b t1>0.25h
=1.0 =1.0
b
h
t1
t2
ftd
Wt JTG D62-2004 5.5.2

Asv1
fsv JTG D62-2004 3.2.3-1
Acor Acor=bcorhcorbcor hcor

Ucor Ucor=2(bcor+hcor)
Sv
ep0
JTG D62-2004 6.1.6-2
| 345

p 0 p 0 JTG D62-2004 6.1.5-2


JTG D62-2004 6.1.5-5
Np0
JTG D62-2004 6.1.6-1
p 0 p 0 JTG D62-2004
6.1.5-2 6.1.5-5 Np0 > 0.3fcdA0 Np0 = 0.3fcdA0
A0
2
a

b2
(3h b)
6

3.1.31

(b 2t1 ) 2
b2
(3h b)
[3(h 2t 2 ) (b 2t1 )]
6
6

3.1.32

Wt
b

Wt

0Vd
bh0

0Td
Wt

0.51103

f cu ,k kN/mm2

3.1.33

0Vd 0Td

0.50 103 2 f td kN/mm2


bh0 W t

3.1.34

JTG D62-2004 9.3.14

Vd kN
Td kNmm
b
mm
h0 mm
Wt mm3
3.1.34 2 JTG D62-2004 5.2.7 JTG D62-2004
5.5.1 2=1
346 |

RC

0Vd 1 23

(10 2t )
bh0 (2 0.6P) f cu ,k svf sv ( N )
20

3.1.35

0Td t (0.35 f td 0.05

N p0
A0

)W t1.2

f sv Asv1 Acor
( N mm)
Sv

1.5
VW
1 0.5 d t
Td bh0

3.1.36

3.1.37

t t < 0.5 t = 0.5


t > 1.0 t = 1.0
Wt Wt
b
13.1.35 2=13.1.36
2
5T I

Twd

T fd

T fd

Wtw
Td
Wt
Wtf
Wt

Wtf
Wt

Td

Td

3.1.38

3.1.39

3.1.40

| 347

Td T I
Twd
Tfd T fd'
Wtw Wtf' Wtf
Wt T I
2
a. JTG D62-2004 5.5.2
b.

Wtf

hf 2
2

(bf b)

3.1.41

Wtf

h 2f
2

(b f b)

3.1.42

b 'f

h 'f T I
bf b 6hf

bfhf I bfb+6hf
3
a. T
Wt Wtw Wtf

3.1.43

b. I
Wt Wtw Wtf Wtf

3.1.44

4T I
JTG D62-2004 5.5.4 Td Wt Twd Wtw
JTG D62-2004 5.5.1
5.5.1-1 Td Wt T fd Wtf Tfd Wtf
5T I JTG D62-2004
5.5.3
2.

348 |

RC

midas Civil -

3.1.10

(1). 5.5.1-15.5.1-2
<0.6 =0.6
>1.7 =1.7
(2). 5.5.4-15.5.4-3
Wt Wt
(3). 5.5.3-1
5.5.3-1OKNG
5.5.3-1
(4). 5.5.3-2
5.5.3-2
5.5.4-2
(5). T-MaxV-Max V-Min

| 349

1.1.10
1.

- JTG D62-2004 6.4.16.4.5


1

0.20mm

0.15mm
3T I Wfk

W fk C1C2C3

ss 30 d

Es 0.28 10
As Ap

bh0 (b f b)h f

(mm)

3.1.45

3.1.46

C1 C1=1.4C1=1.0
C2 C2=1+0.5N1/NS N1 NS

C3


C3=1.15 C3=1.0 C3=1.2

C3=1.1 C3=0.9
ss JTG D62-2004 6.4.4
d mmd
2
de d e ni d i / ni d i
ni i di i

di
dpe d pe nd n
d
d de 1.3
>0.02 =0.02
<0.006 =0.006
350 |

RC

As
bf
hf
d de 1.25

4 as

ss

N s es
As (h0 as )

3.1.47

ss

N s (es z )
As z

3.1.48

z [0.87 0.12(1 f )(

h0 2
) ]h0
es

es s e0 ys

s 1

(bf b)hf
bh0
l
l
( 0 )2
4000e0 / h0 h

3.1.49

3.1.50

3.1.51

3.1.52

As

es
es
Z
| 351

s l0/h14 s =1.0
ys

'f
b'f h 'f 3.1.51 hf 0.2h0
hf 0.2h0
NsMs
5

W fk C1C2 [0.03

ss [59.42

ss
Es

(0.004

1.52C )]

(mm)

Ns
s e0
3
(2.80

1.0)

1.65]

( MPa)
r 2 f cu ,k
r

3.1.53

3.1.54

Ns N
C1 C1=1.4C1=1.0
C2 JTG D62-2004 1.1.10.3

ss 3.1.54

d mm
2
=As/r

C mm
r mm
s JTG D62-2004 1.1.10.48 h 2r h0 r+rs l0/2r14
s=1.0
e0 Ns mm
fcu,k 150mm
MPa
rs mm
l0 5.3.1

352 |

2.

RC

midas Civil -

3.1.11

(1). Sig_SS
RC
6.4.4-16.4.4-36.4.446.4.5-2

(2). 6.4.5-1

(3). W_AC RC

| 353

1.1.11
1.

2.

midas Civil

3.1.12

(1). FX-MAX
FX
Nd
Myd y
Mzd z
Ag_REQ_T/
Ag_REQ_L/
Ag_USE_T/
Ag_USE_L/
(2).

(3).

354 |

1.1.12
1.

RC

-/

- / JTG D62-2004
5.3.1~5.3.10
(1)

0 N d 0.90 ( f cd A f sd As )

3.1.55

Nd
JTG D62-2004 5.3.1
A 3%A An A As
As
(2)
As0 25% 80mm dcor/5
l0/i48
0 N d 0.90( f cd Acor f sd As kf cd Aso )

3.1.56

Acor
Aso
dcor
k C50 2.0C50~C80
2.0~1.70
(5.3.2-1)
(5.3.1)
5.3.1
(5.3.2-1)(5.3.1)
1.5
(3)
a. 5.3.1
b. 5.3.10
c. e0/h0>0.3
x

| 355

f cd bx e h0 s As e f sd As e
2

3.1.57

s f sd x
x b h0 x

x b h0 x 2as

N n f cd bx f cd As f sd As

3.1.58

d. e0 / h0<0.3
fsd5.3.4-1
si=cuEs(hoi/x-1) cu hoi=hasi i asi i

x si

f cd b 3
x f cd bes h0 x 2 cu Es As es f sd As es x cu Es hoi As es 0
2
3.1.59
3 x x bh0

1 xbh0 x 5.3.4-1 si
2 xbh0 s=fsd
3 x>h x=h 5.3.4-1
si

N n f cd bx f sd As s As

356 |

3.1.60

2.

RC

midas Civil -/

3.1.13

(1). -Fxmin Nd
5.1.5 e
As Ap e'
As' Ap'

(2). N n 0.90 f cd A f sd As
l0 l0

A 3%A
An A As
(3). -Fxmin(My) Nd -Mymin
My -Mymax My

(4).
y

| 357

1.1.13
1.

-/

-/ JTG D62-2004 5.4.1


5.4.2
1

0 N d f sd As f pd Ap

3.1.61

AsAp
2
1 As Ap As Ap

0 N d e f sd As (h0 as ) f pd Ap (h0 ap )

3.1.62

0 N d e f sd As (h0 as ) f pd Ap (h0 a p )

3.1.63

(2 As Ap As Ap

0 N d f sd As f pd Ap f sd' As' ( f pd' p 0 )Ap f cd bx

3.1.64

x
'
0 Nd e f cd bx(h0 ) f sd' As' (h0 a's ) ( f pd
p 0 ) Ap (h0 a'p ) 3.1.65
2
x JTGD62-2004 5.2.2-3
x JTG D62-2004 5.2.2-4 5.2.2-5
JTG D62-2004 5.2.5-15.2.5-2 M d N d e N d es

358 |

2.

RC

midas Civil -/

3.1.14

(1). -Fxmax Nd
5.1.5 e
As Ap e'
As' Ap'
(2). -Fxmax(My) Nd -Mymin
My -Mymax My

| 359

1.2

RC

JTGD622004
RC RC
1
2
3 RC

3.1.15

4 RC

360 |

3.1.16

RC

RC /

5 RC

3.1.17

RC

6 RC

| 361

3.1.18

RC

7 RC RC RC

362 |

3.1.19

RC

3.1.20

RC

RC

8 RC RC RC

3.1.21

RC

| 363

1.3

RC

1 RC JTG04RC
[] RC

3.1.22

RC

2 RC
/RC

3.1.23
364 |

RC

3.1.24

RC

RC

3.1.25

| 365

5/
>>

3.1.26

6RC RC
>RC >RC RC

3.1.27

366 |

RC

3.1.28

RC

RC

7RC >>
[] RC

3.1.29

| 367

3.1.30

8RC
9 RC >>

RC

3.1.31

368 |

3.1.32

RC

10

11
+

3.1.33

12 JTGD60-2004

0.4 / 1 0.7 / 1

| 369

2 PSC
2.1

PSC

2.1.1

1.

(JTG
D62-2004) 7.2.77.2.8

JTG D62-2004 6.1.5 7.1.3


1

cc
0.70f ck

3.2.1

1 ctt 0.70f tk 0.2%


2 ctt 1.15f tk 0.4%
3 0.70f tk ctt <1.15f tk
ctt 1.15f tk

cct ctt

f ck f tk f cu

JTG D62-2004
3.1.3

370 |

2.

PSC

midas Civil

3.2.1 PSC

(1). CS
6.1.4
(2). 0.7 f ck f ck 0.8 f ck

f ck 0.8 f ck excel

(3). 1.15 f tk f tk 0.8 f tk


f tk 0.8 f tk excel

(4). Sig_TLSig_TRSig_BRSig_BLSig_TSig_B
1~4 6
(5). Sig_MAX=maxSig_TLSig_TRSig_BR
Sig_BL Sig_T Sig_B Sig_MAX=min Sig_TL
Sig_TRSig_BRSig_BLSig_TSig_B
(6). /
(7).
(8).

| 371

2.1.2
1.

JTG D62-2004 6.1.37.1.5


1 con

con 0.75f pk

3.2.2

con 0.90f pk

3.2.3

fpk JTG D62-2004 3.2.2-2

2
1

pe p 0.65 fpk

3.2.4

po p 0.65 fpk

3.2.5

pe p 0.80 fpk

3.2.6

po p 0.80 fpk

3.2.7

pe JTG D62-2004 3.2.2-2

p0

372 |

2.

PSC

midas Civil

3.2.2 PSC

(1). Sig_DL
Sig_LL
B
(2). Sig_ADL Sig_ALL

(3).

| 373

2.1.3
1.

JTG D62-2004 6.3.16.3.2


1
1

st 0.85 pc 0

3.2.8

st 0.80 pc 0

3.2.9

2A

st pc 0.7 ftk

3.2.10

lt pc 0

3.2.11

st
JTG D62-2004 6.3.2-1
lt
JTG D62-2004 6.3.2-2
pc
JTG D62-2004 6.1.5
ftk JTG D62-2004 3.1.3
2.

midas Civil

3.2.3 PSC

374 |

PSC

(1). M1Ms
W0
(2). 1t

(3). 6.3.1-16.3.1-2
A 6.3.1-36.3.1-4

(4). Sig_MAX=minSig_TLSig_TRSig_BRSig_BL
Sig_TSig_B
(5). Sig_ALW
JTG D62-2004 6.3.1
(6).
6
6*2=12

(7). Sig_MAX

| 375

2.1.4
1.

JTG D62-2004 6.3.16.3.2


1 tp
1

tp 0.6 f tk

(3.2.12)

tp 0.4 f tk

(3.2.13)

2A B

tp 0.7 f tk

tp 0.5 f tk

(3.2.14)
(3.2.15)

tp
JTG D62-2004 6.3.3
ftk JTG D62-2004 3.1.3
2.

midas Civil

3.2.4 PSC

(1). 6.3.1-2
(2). tp 6.3.3-1~6.3.3-4
(3). 6.3.1-56.3.1-6
A B 6.3.1-76.3.18
(4). Sig_P1~Sig_P10 1~10 PSC
Sig_MAX=minSig_P1~Sig_P10
(5). Sig_AP
JTG D62-2004 6.3.1
376 |

2.1.5
1.

PSC

JTG D62-2004 7.1.5


1
1

kc pt 0.5 fck

cc 0.5 fck

3.2.16
3.2.17

kc
cc
pt
fck JTG D62-2004 3.1.3

2.

midas Civil

3.2.5

PSC

(1). 7.1.5-1
(2). pt 6.1.5
c 7.1.3-17.1.4-1

(3). kc pt 0.5 f ck
cc 0.5 f ck
(4). Sig_MAX=maxSig_TLSig_TRSig_BRSig_BL
Sig_TSig_B
(5). Sig_ALW
JTG D62-2004 7.1.5

| 377

2.1.6
1.

JTG D62-2004 7.1.6

cp 0.6 fck
2.

3.2.18

midas Civil

3.2.6

PSC

(1). cp
6.3.3-1~6.3.3-4
(2). cp 0.6 f ck 7.1.6-1
(3). Sig_MAX=maxSig_P1~Sig_P10
(4). Sig_AP
JTG D62-2004 7.1.6

378 |

2.1.7
1.

PSC

JTG D62-2004 6.4.16.4.4

1B

2B JTG D62-2004
6.4.2
3B Wfk
Wfk C1C2C3

ss

30 d

Es 0.28 10

(mm)

As Ap

bh0 bf b hf

(3.2.19)

(3.2.20)

C1
C2
C3
ss JTG D62-2004 6.4.4
d mm

bf
hf
2.

midas Civil

3.2.7 PSC

(1). W_tk 6.4.3-1


C1=1.4

| 379

d d
6.4.3 d
(2). Sig_T Sig_B Sig_SS
6.4.4-96.4.4-10
(3). W_AC PSC

(4). /

(5).
0

380 |

2.1.8

PSC

midas Civil

3.2.8 PSC

(1). Mj JTG04
Ag_REQ Ag_USE

(2). JTG04 5.2.2-15.2.3-2


x
5.2.2-25.2.3-15.2.3-3

Md h0
(3). /
Mj>0
0
(4).

| 381

2.1.9

midas Civil

3.2.9 PSC

(1). Mg1 Msum


Mj JTG04
ey
Ny
Ay
(2).
2000 2-5-3

382 |

2.1.10
1.

PSC

JTG D62-2004 5.2.25.2.5

1 T

AP (h0 ap )
0 M d fcd bx h0 fsd As h0 as f pd p0
2

(3.2.21)

0
Md
fcd
fsd f sd

f pd f pd
As As
ApAp
b T

h0 h0=h-a h
a a

a
as p
p0
2 T I

1 bf JTG D62-2004
5.2.2

Ap
fsd As f pd Ap f cd bfhf f sd As f pd p0

(3.2.22)

23.2.22

0 M d f cd bx h0 bf b hf h0 f
2
2


AP (h0 ap )
f sd As h0 as f pd p0

(3.2.23)

| 383

hf T I
bf T I

2.

midas Civil

3.2.10 PSC

(1). Mu
1.11.0
0.9 M>0
Mn M<0 Mn
(2).
b

384 |

2.1.11
1.

PSC

JTG D62-2004 5.2.75.2.10

1T I

0Vd Vcs Vsb Vpb


Vcs 123 0.45 10-3 bh0

2 0.6P

(3.2.24)

fcu, k sv fsv

(3.2.25)

Vsb 0.75 10-3 fsd Asb sin s

(3.2.26)

Vpb 0.75 10-3 f pd Apb sin p

(3.2.27)

Vd
Vcs
Vsb
Vpb
1
2
3
b T I
h0

P
fcu,k 150mm

sv
fsv
Asv
sv
AsbApb

| 385

sp

2 C

C 0.6mh0

(3.2.28)

m m=Md/Vdh0 m >3.0 m
=3.0
Md
3T I

0Vd 0.51 10-3 f cu,k bh0

(3.2.29)

Vd
Md
b

T I

h0

4T I

0Vd 0.50 10-3 2 f td f cu,k bh0

(3.2.30)

JTG D62-2004 9.3.13


ftd

386 |

2.

PSC

midas Civil

3.2.11 PSC

(1). 5.2.9
OKNG
5.2.9
(2). 5.2.10

5.2.7-1

(3). 5.2.7-25.2.7-4 B
5.2.7-2 2=1.0
(4).
Asv sv 0 Vcs=0
Vsb Vpb
Asb 0 Vsb=0
Vpb
(5). /
h0

| 387

2.1.12
1.

JTG D62-2004 5.5.15.5.5

1
0Td 0.35a f tdWt 1.2

fsv Asv1 Acor


Sv

fsd Ast Sv
fsv Asv1U cor

(3.2.31)
(3.2.32)

Td

a
b
h
t1
t2
ftd
Wt
Asv1
fsv
Ast
fsd
Acor
Ucor
Sv
ep0
Np0
2

0 Vd 1 2 3

388 |

10 - 2 t bh 2 0.6P
0
20

f cu, k sv f sv N

3.2.33

PSC

f A A
0Td t 0.35a f td 0.05 p0 Wt 1.2 sv sv1 cor N.mm
A0
Sv

1.5
V W
1 0.5 d t
Td bh 0

3.2.34

3.2.35

t
Wt
b
3T I

2.
midas Civil

3.2.12 PSC

(1). 5.5.3-1
5.5.3-1OK
NG5.5.3-1
(2). 5.5.3-2
5.5.3-2
5.5.4-2
(3). 5.5.1-15.5.1-2
<0.6 =0.6
>1.7 =1.7
(4). 5.5.4-15.5.4-3
Wt aWt
(5). /

| 389

2.1.13

1.

JTG D62-2004 5.3.35.3.10

1
Ap s As p Ap
0 N d f cd bx fsd As f pd p0

Ap h0 ap
0 Nd e fcd bx h0 fsd As h0 as f pd p0
2

e e0

h
a
2

(3.2.36)
(3.2.37)
(3.2.38)

e As Ap

e0
Md
h0

2 T I
JTG D62-2004 5.3.6
3
a) 5.3.1
b) 5.3.10
c) e0/h0>0.3
x

As e
f cd bx e h0 s As e f sd
2

3.2.39)

s f sd x
x b h0 x

x b h0 x 2as

390 |

PSC

Nn f cd bx f cd As fsd As

(3.2.40)

d) e0/h0<0.3
fsd5.3.4-1
h

si cu Es oi 1 cu
x

hoi h asi i asi i

x si

f cd b 3
x f cd bes h0 x 2 cu Es As es f sd As es x cu Es hoi As es 0
2

3.2.41)

3 x x b h0

1) x b h0 x 5.3.4-1 si
2) x b h0 s f sd
3) x>h x=h 5.3.4-1
si

Nn fcdbx fsd As s As
2.

(3.2.42)

midas Civil

3.2.13 PSC

(1). 5.3.1 l0
A
3%A An A As

| 391

(2). -Fxmin(My) N d -Mymin


My -Mymax My

(3).
y

392 |

PSC

2.2 PSC
1
2
3 PSC

3.2.14

4 PSC

| 393

3.2.15 PSC

5 PSC

3.2.16 PSC

394 |

PSC

6 PSC

3.2.17

PSC

7 PSC

3.2.18

PSC

8 PSC

3.2.19

PSC
| 395

2.3 PSC
1 PSC JTG04RC

3.2.20

3 PSC
PSC

3.2.21
396 |

PSC

PSC

6 PSC

3.2.22

PSC

7 PSC
PSC
8
PSC
PSC

3.2.23

| 397

9 PSC >>

PSC

3.2.24

10

11
+

3.2.25

12 JTG D60-2004

0.4 1 0.7 1

13 PSC
B

14 PSC
/

398 |

PSC

15 PSC

16 PSC

17 PSC
5.2.7-35.2.7-4
5.2.7-1

18 PSC

19 PSC

PSC

| 399

3.1
3.1.1
1.

JTG/T B02-01-20087.2.2
7.3.1
1 E1
JTG D62-2004 B C D
2

2.

midas Civil

3.3.1

(1). E1 E2
(2). -Fxmin rNd

(3). Nn 0.90 f cd A fsd As l0


A
3%A An A As
(4). -Fxmin(My)-Mymin
-Mymax
Nd

400 |

(5).
y

(6).

| 401

3.1.2
1.

JTG/T B02-01-20087.2.1

1 E1

2 6.9
BC

2.

midas Civil

3.3.2

402 |

3.1.3
1.

JTG/T B02-01-20087.2.1
7.2.27.3.5
1 E1
JTG D62-2004
2JTG/T B02-01-2008 6.8

JTG D63
3 E2 E2

2.

midas Civil

3.3.3

(1). JTG D6320074.2.2

Cb1~Cb4

(2). Fa R
JTG D632007 3.3.6
fa<150kpa R=1 fa150kpa R=1.25

| 403

3.1.4
1.

JTG/T B02-01-2008
7.2.27.3.6
1 E1
JTG D62-2004
2JTG/T B02-01-2008 6.8

JTG D62 8.2.4

0 M d fsd As z
l

z 0.75 0.05 h0 0.5x


h

3.3.1
3.3.2

Md
fsd
As
z
x
h0
2.

midas Civil

3.3.4

(1). E1 D E2 BC
E1 E2 E2
6.8.3

404 |

(2). E1 E2
JTG04 0 M d f sd As z
8.2.4-1
(3). E2 M po 0 M hcs M G 6.8.3
M hcs P-M
M hcs
7.3.6

(4). /
(5).

| 405

3.1.5
1.

JTG/T B02-01-2008
7.2.27.3.6
1 E1
JTG D62-2004
2JTG/T B02-01-2008 6.8

JTG D62 8.2.5

14 h
3
0Vd a1
10 bh0
20

2 0.6 P

f cu,k sv fsv

3.3.3

Vd
a1
P
sv
fsv
b
h0
2.

midas Civil

3.3.5

(1). E1 D E2 BC
E1 E2 E2
6.8.4

406 |

(2). E1 E2

JTG D628.2.6
(3). E2 VC0 0

M Rpc M Lpc
L0

6.8.4

R
L
M pc M pc JTG04

7.3.6

(4). JTG D62 8.2.5


8.2.5 OK
NG8.2.5

| 407

3.1.6
1.

JTG/T B02-01-2008
7.3.3
1 E2
JTG D62-2004 B C

a T

AP (h0 ap )
0 M d fcd bx h0 fsd As h0 as f pd p0
2

(3.3.4)

0
Md
fcd
f sd f sd

f pd f pd
As As
Ap Ap

b T
h0 h0 = h-a h
a a

a
as p

p0

b) T I

1 bf JTG D62-2004
5.2.2

Ap
fsd As f pd Ap f cd bfhf f sd As f pd p0

(3.3.5)

23.3.5

408 |

0 M d f cd bx h0

hf

x

bf b hf h0
2
2

AP (h0 ap )
f sd As h0 as f pd p0

(3.3.6)

hf T I
bf T I

2.

midas Civil

3.3.6

(1). E1 E2 BC

JTG D62-2004 5.2.25.2.5


(2). Mu Mn Mu
Mn
(3).
b

| 409

3.1.7
1.

JTG/T B02-01-2008
7.3.3
1 E2
JTG D62-2004 B C

0 N d 0.90 f cd A fsd As

(3.3.7)

Nd

A
As

2.

midas Civil

3.3.7

(1). E1 E2 BC

JTG04 5.3
(2).

410 |

3.1.8
1.

JTG/T
B02-01-2008 7.3.4

Vc0 0.0023 f cAe Vs

(3.3.8)

Vc0
f c
Vs
Ae
Ak
Sk
fyh
b


2.

midas Civil

3.3.8

(1). E2
(2). 6.8.2-16.8.2-4

s
s
x
M zc
M zcx M hc
M hc
P-M

(3). Ae Dc

(4). Fz Fy
| 411

3.1.9
1.

JTG/T B02-01-2008
7.2.3-17.5.1-1
D
t

XE
XE
tan

X E ad X D X H

(3.3.9)
(3.3.10)

t
tan
XD E1
XH
ad 2.3
E2
X0

t tan

X0

(3.3.11)

t
tan
X0 E2

2.

midas Civil

3.3.9

412 |

(1). E1 E2
X E d X D X H 7.2.3-2
(2).
DX
X D
DX X H
(3).
DY
X D
DY X H
(4). t
X E tOK
NG

| 413

3.1.10
1.

JTG/T B0201-2008 7.2.3-17.5.1-2


1D

d Rb Ehzh

(3.3.12)

Ehzh ad Ehze Ehzd

(3.3.13)

d
Ehzh
Rb
Ehze E1
Ehzd
d 2.3
2 E2

d Rb Ehzb

(3.3.14)

d
Rb
Ehzb E2
2.

midas Civil

3.3.10

(1). E1 E2
Ehzh d Ehze Ehzd 7.2.3-4

414 |

(2).
-z Ehze
-z
Ehzd
(3).
-y Ehze
-y
Ehzd
(4).
Rb
d Ehzh
dRbOKNG

| 415

3.1.11
1.

JTG/T B02-012008 7.2.3-27.5.2


1D

X E X max

X E d X D X H

( 3.3.15)
( 3.3.16)

X max

2 E2

X 0 X max

(3.3.17)

X0 E2

Xmax

2.

midas Civil

3.3.11

(1). E1 E2
X E d X D X H 7.2.3-6
(2).
DZ
XD DX
XH
(3).
DY
416 |

XD DY
XH
(4). XHmax

| 417

3.1.12
1.

JTG/T B02-012008 7.2.3-27.5.2


1D
Ehzh Emax

Ehzh d Ehze Ehzd

(3.3.18)
(3.3.19)

Emax
2 E2
Ehzb Emax

(3.3.20)

Ehzb E2

Emax

2.

midas Civil

3.3.12

(1). E1 E2
Ehzh d Ehze Ehzd 7.2.3-8

(2). Emax

418 |

3.1.13
1.

JTG/T B0201-2008 7.4.6


E2 ,

d u

(3.3.21)

d E2
u

2.

midas Civil

3.3.13

(1). E2
(2). E2 d=c6.7.6
E2 -
c 6.7.6
T
-
1
3

(3). u H 2y H

Lp
u 7.4.7
2

u 7.4.3-1 y
u -
7.4.7

| 419

3.1.14
1.

JTG/T
B02-01-2008 7.4.2
E2 ,

d u

(3.3.22)

d E2
u

2.

midas Civil

3.3.14

(1). E2

(2).

(3). ij
E2 p

p
(4). Rz
p Ry
p
(5). 7.4.3-1
y u - Lp
7.4.3-27.4.3-3

420 |

3.2

1
2-

3.3.15

| 421

3.3.16

4
5

3.3.17

422 |

3.3.18

| 423

3.3.19

3.3.20

424 |

3.3.21

10

3.3.22

| 425

11->RC > RC

3.3.23

426 |

3.3

1 JTG04RC

3.3.24

2
/

3.3.25

| 427

3.3.26

5/

3.3.27

428 |

6
RC RC

3.3.28

7JTG/T B02-012008
YZ

| 429

8-
-

3.3.29

9 y

fy
E

fy
MPa

E
MPa

HRB335

335

2.0e5

0.1675%

HRB400

400

2.0e5

0.2%

KL400

400

2.0e5

0.2%

R235

235

2.1e5

0.112%

10

11 P-M
l0=2l
12JTG/T B02-012008
5.2.1
/
R 5.2.5

430 |

3.3.30

13

3.3.31

14
SRSS 3.4 SRSS
1.0

| 431

15

16

17E1
E2 E2
18[]

19 08
7.4.7

3.3.32

20 E2
08 6.8.2-16.8.2-3
6.8.2-26.8.2-4
21-
--
[] 4
22[]

432 |

3.3.33

23 E2
s
M p0 M hc

M p0
s
M hc

24

25
2608 6.3.7

| 433

RC

RC

4.1

12

4.1.1
1.

(TB 10002.3-2005) 5.2.5

M
b
W0

3.4.1

c MPa
M MN.m
W0 (m3)

2.

midas Civil

3.4.1

RC -

(1). 4.1.1c W0

(2). /M

434 |

RC

(3). 5.2.1 1 +
[b] 30%
(4). M
(5).
6
6*2=12

(6).

| 435

4.1.2
1.

(TB 10002.3-2005) 5.2.5-3

V
tp 1
bz

3.4.2

MPa
V MN
b m
z m
2.

midas Civil

3.4.2

RC -

(1). 3.4.2 z=I0/S0


I0 S0
(2). [tp-1] 5.2.1
(3). /
h0

436 |

4.1.3
1.

RC

(TB 10002.3-2005) 5.2.5-2

s n

M
s
WS

3.4.3

s MPa
M MN.m
Ws m3
n

2.

midas Civil

3.4.3

RC -

(1). 3.4.3 s Ws
n 5.1.3
(2). [s] 5.2.2
(3). RC -
(4).

| 437

4.1.4
1.

T
(TB 10002.3-2005) 5.2.8
T

f K1K 2 r

80
Es

K2 1

8 0.4d

M1
M
0.5 2
M
M

1n1 2 n2 3n3 As1


Ac1

Ac1 2ab

3.4.4

3.4.5

3.4.6

3.4.7

f mm
K1
K2
0.5 0.3
M1 MN m
M2 MN m
M

MN.m
r
s MPa
Es MPa
d mm
z
n1n2n3
123
As1 m2

438 |

RC

Ac1

2.

midas Civil

3.4.4

RC -

(1). 4.1.4 f
K1 K1=0.8
r
r=1.1 =0.3 123
1=2=3=1.0
(2). 5.2.7 RC [f]

3.4.5

| 439

4.1.5
1.

(TB 10002.3-2005) 5.2.5-4

b S1
c
hf S

3.4.8

MPa
MPa
[c] MPa
h f m
2.

midas Civil

3.4.6

RC -

(1). 3.4.8 h f

S1

(2). [c] 5.2.1


(3). RC -

440 |

4.1.6
1.

RC

(TB 10002.3-2005) 5.2.5-5

b Asf
c
h f As

3.4.9

MPa
hf m
Asf m2
As m2
2.

midas Civil

3.4.7

RC -

(1). 3.4.9 h f h f
Asf Asf

1 bf b
As
2 Asf

(2). [c] 5.2.1


(3). RC -

| 441

4.1.7
1.

(TB 10002.3-2005) 5.2.3-15.2.6-1

Ac mAs

N M

b
A0 W0

1
KN
1
2 Ec I c

l02

0.1
0.16
e0
0.2
h

3.4.10

3.4.11

3.4.12

3.4.13

c MPa
N MN
Ac m2
As m2
m
A0W0
2
3
m m
M MNm

K 2.0+ 1.6
Ec m4
Ic MPa

442 |

RC

e0 m
h m
l0

2.

midas Civil

3.4.8

RC -

(1). Fx-min N 3.4.10


m 5.2.3-1
(2). MY-MIN My MY-MAX My
Fx-min(My) Nd
(3). 3.4.113.4.13

(4). [b] 5.2.1 +


[b] 30%

| 443

4.1.8
1.

(TB 10002.3-2005) 5.2.6-6

tp

c
2

c2
4

3.4.14

tp MPa
MPa
c MPa

2.

midas Civil

3.4.9

RC -

(1). tp 5.2.6-6 c
RC - RC
-

444 |

4.1.9
1.

RC

(TB 10002.3-2005) 5.2.6

N M

s
A0 W0

cs n

3.4.15

N MN
A0W0
2
3
m m
M MN.m

n

2.

midas Civil

3.4.10

RC -

(1).

cs=nc
(2). [s] 5.2.2
(3). RC -

| 445

4.1.10
1.

(TB 10002.3-2005) 5.2.6

N M

s
A0 W0

cs n

3.4.16

N MN
A0W0
2
3
m m
M MNm

n

2.

midas Civil

3.4.11

RC -

(1).

cs=nc
(2). [s] 5.2.2
(3). RC -

446 |

4.1.11
1.

RC

(TB 10002.3-2005) 5.2.85.2.9


RC

f K1K 2 K3r

100
Es

4 0.2d

2R x
1.2
R rs x

1n1 2 n2 3n3 As1


Az

Az 4 rs R rs

3.4.17

3.4.18

3.4.19

3.4.20

K1
K2
K3 K3 1.0 K3 1.1
r
r>1.2 1.2
s MPa
d mm
z z 0.005 0.005
n1~n3
Az m2

| 447

2.

midas Civil

3.4.12

RC -

(1). RC -RC -

448 |

4.1.12
1.

RC

(TB 10002.3-2005) 5.2.3-2

Ac mAs

3.4.21

[c] MPa

2.

midas Civil

3.4.13

RC -

(1). c 3.4.21 5.2.3-2

(2). RC -

| 449

RC

4.2

TB 10002.3
2005 RC RC

1
2
3 RC

3.4.14

4 RC

450 |

3.4.15

RC

RC

5 RC

3.4.16

RC

| 451

6 RC

3.4.17

RC

7 RC RC RC

3.4.18

RC

8 RC >RC > RC

3.4.19

452 |

RC

4.3

RC

RC
1 RC TB05RC

3.4.20

2 RC
/RC

3.4.21

RC

| 453

3.4.22

5/
>>

3.4.23

454 |

RC

6RC >>
[] RC

3.4.24

7RC RC
>RC >RC RC

3.4.25

| 455

3.4.26

8 RC >>
+
RC

3.4.27

456 |

RC

10
+

3.4.28

| 457

PSC

PSC

5.1
5.1.1
1.

(TB 10002.3-2005) 6.1.3

c
c

3.5.1


MPa
c
MPa

2.

midas Civil

3.5.1 PSC -

(1).
c

c6.1.3
c

(2).

0
458 |

PSC

(3). _TL_TR_BR_BL_T_B
1~4 6
_max 6
(4). 0.7 0
[]=-0.7 0.7 OK >0.7
NG
(5). _max
(6).
6
62=12

(7).

| 459

5.1.2
1.

(TB 10002.3-2005) 6.2.26.2.3


1 T

x
Ap (h0 ap ) fs As (h0 as )
KM f c bx(h0 ) pa
2

3.5.2

Ap fsAs fcbx
fp Ap fs As pa

pa fp np c1 p1

3.5.3
3.5.4

M MNm
fc 3.1.3 MPa
pa Ap MPa

np
fp

3.2.3 MPa

c1 Ap MPa
c1 Ap MPa
p1

h0 m
f s

MPa

As

2
m

b m
x m
x x0.4hp x 2a x 2a

KM ( f p Ap fs As )(h0 a)

3.5.5

2 T

3.5.6 bf
460 |

PSC

Ap f sAs fcbfhf
fp Ap fs As pa

3.5.6

3.5.7

h
x
KM f c [bx(h0 ) (bf b)hf (h0 f )] pa Ap (h0 ap ) f sAs(h0 as )
2
2

3.5.7

Ap f sAs fc [bx (bf b)hf ]


fp Ap fs As pa

3.5.8

x0.4hp x 2a
x 2 a 3.5.5

2.

midas Civil

3.5.2 PSC -

(1). M M>0 Mn
M<0 Mn
(2). 6.2.2-1 pa

fp 3.2.3 pa fp np c1 p1
(3). K TB05 6.1.5
10%

3.5.3

(4). /

| 461

5.1.3
1.

(TB 10002.3-2005) C.0.2

KV Vcv Vb

3.5.9

Vcv bh0 1.32(2 p) fct3/4 v fs


Vb 0.9 f p Apb sin a
p 100 100

Ap Apb As

bh0

3.5.10
3.5.11

3.5

Av
sv b

3.5.12

3.5.13

K 6.1.5
V MN
Vcs MN
Vb MN
b m
h0
m
p C.0.2-4
p > 3.5 p = 3.5
Av m2
sv m
fct MPa 3.1.4
C

C 0.6mb0
462 |

3.5.14

PSC

Mv
Vh0

3.5.15

C m
m m>3 m=3
h0 m m
Mv MNm

2.

midas Civil

3.5.4 PSC -

(1). C KVVcv+VbC.0.2-1
Vcv
Vb
(2).
Av sv 0 Vcv=0
Vb
(3). K 6.1.5
10%
(4).
b=0
(5). C.0.2-2 p p>3.5
p=3.5

| 463

5.1.4
1.

(TB 10002.3-2005) 6.3.9-16.3.11

Kf c fct

3.5.16

Kf c fct

2S0
W0

3.5.17
3.5.18

6.3.61MPa
Kf 6.1.5
c 6.3.5
MPa
fct 3.1.4 MPa

W0 m3
S0 m3

2.

midas Civil

3.5.5
464 |

PSC -

PSC

(1). 6.3.9-2
ct06.3.11-1
(2).
ct0.7fct6.3.11-2
(3). ct6.3.6-1
c 6.3.5-1
(4). Kf 6.1.5 PSC Kf=1.2
(5). =2S0/W06.3.9-3
(6). Kf+cfct ct0
OKNG
ct0.7fct OKNG

| 465

5.1.5
1.

(TB 10002.3-2005) 6.3.9-26.3.12

tp

cx cy
2

cx cy
2

)2 c2

3.5.19

cp

cx cy
2

cx cy
2

cx c1

cy

) 2 c2

k f1 My0

3.5.21

I0

npv pv apv
bspv

c K f1

3.5.20

Vpb S
bI

3.5.22

3.5.23

tpcp MPa
cxcy MPa
c1 MPa
c MPa
kf1
6.1.5 kf 1.0
M y MNm
npv
pv MPa
apv m2
spv m

466 |

PSC

b m
Vpb MN
I0In
SI m3 m4
2.

midas Civil

3.5.6

PSC -

(1). tpfct6.3.94 cp0.6fc6.3.9-5+


6.3.9-5 0.66fc
(2). tpfct
6.3.12
(3).

| 467

5.1.6
1.

(TB 10002.3-2005) 6.3.10

N M y

A
I

3.5.24

NM MN MNm
AI m2 m4
y m

2.

midas Civil

3.5.7

PSC -

(1). c0.5fc6.3.10-1
+ c0.55fc6.3.10-2
(2). c 6.3.5 6.3.6-1
c 6.3.5 E E.0.2
(3). TLTRBRBLTB 1~4
6

468 |

5.1.7
1.

PSC

(TB 10002.3-2005) 6.3.13

N M y

A
I

p np co

3.5.25
3.5.26

NM MN MNm
AI m2 m4
y m
c MPa
p MPa
co MPa
2

ps p1 p1 p2
p1

10 p Ap
A

(1

ep2
i

ep es
10sl6 As
(1 2 )
A
i

3.5.27

3.5.28

ps

MPa

p1 MPa
p
L4MPa
co MPa

p1 MPa
epes m
i i I / A
| 469

p2 TB05
E E.0.3-1MPa

sL6
sL6=-L6MPa

2.

midas Civil

3.5.8

PSC -

(1). PSC -p0.6fpk


(2). TB05 6.3.6-16.3.6-2
p p p
con
(3). TB05 p p1 p1 p2 6.3.6-4
s

p p
(4).

470 |

5.1.8
1.

PSC

(TB 10002.3-2005)
6.3.14

p 1 pq

3.5.29

p MPa
pq MPa
1 1.0
1.5
2

p p1 p2 pg

3.5.30

p1 MPa TB05 6.3.6-5

p2
MPa TB05 E E.0.3-1E.0.3-2
pg MPa TB05 6.3.6 1
6.3.6-26.3.6-3 np ns 10

| 471

2.

midas Civil

3.5.9

PSC -

(1). p=1pq6.3.14-1

1=1.5
(2). pg 6.3.6-16.3.6-2

(3). 6.3.14-36.3.14-4

(4). [p] 6.3.14

472 |

5.1.9
1.

PSC

(TB 10002.3-2005) 6.3.15

c p 0.17 f c

3.5.31

c MPa
MPa
p MPa
fc MPa

2.

midas Civil

3.5.10

PSC -

(1). 6.3.15 6.3.15 c=-p0.17fc+0.55cy


cy
cy=0
(2). PSC
Sig-xz c
Sig-zz cy
(3). PSC
(4). Sig-xz5Sig-xz10

| 473

5.1.10
1.

(TB 10002.3-2005) 6.3.18


T

wfk 23 (2.4Cs
d

d s2
)
e Es

4( As Ap )

As Ap
Ace

3.5.32

3.5.33

(3.5.34)

wfk mm
Cs mm
d mm
e
0.02 0.04

0.04 0.06

2 1.8
3 1.5
ApAs mm2
U mm
Ace

474 |

PSC

2.

midas Civil

3.5.11

PSC -

(1). wfk TB05 6.3.18-1


Cs as1
e Ap As
(2). TB05 6.3.18
[wfk]
(3).

(4). PSC

| 475

5.1.11
1.

(TB 10002.3-2005) 6.4.3

1
p con ( L 2 L 3 L 4 0.5 L 5 ) 0.65 f pk

3.5.35

2
p con ( L1 L 2 L 4 ) 0.65 f pk

3.5.36

p MPa
L1 MPa
L2 MPa
L3 MPa
L4 MPa
L5 MPa

2.

midas Civil

3.5.12

PSC -

(1). TB05 6.4.3-1


6.4.3-2 con
L1~L5
(2).

5.1.12
1.
476 |

PSC

(TB 10002.3-2005) 6.4.4

c fc

3.5.37

c MPa
C50~C60 0.75C40~C45 0.70
2

ct 0.7 fct

3.5.38

ct MPa
'
c

f fct' MPa
2.

midas Civil

3.5.13

PSC -

(1). CS TB05
6.3.6-1c=N/AMy/I ij 6

(2). sig_MAX=max(BL,BR,TL,TR,B,T)
sig_MAX=min(BL,BR,TL,TR,B,T)
(3). CS

| 477

(4). fc 0.8 fc f ct 0.8 f ct


Excel

(5).

478 |

5.1.13
1.

PSC

(TB 10002.3-2005) 6.1.3

c
c

3.5.39


MPa
c
MPa

2.

midas Civil

3.5.14 PSC -

(1). PSC -

| 479

5.1.14
1.

(TB 10002.3-2005) 6.2.5

1 2a x 0.4h0

KN fcbx pa Ap fsAs fp Ap fs As

3.5.40

2 x 2 a
KN

( f p Ap f s As )(h0 a)
e

3.5.41

3 x 0.4h0

KN

ej

N0
N
e
1 ( 0 1) 0
Nj
ej0

Ap f sAs pa Ap f s As
N 0 f cbh pa

3.5.43

Ap fsAs f p Ap f s As
N j 0.4 f cbh0 pa

3.5.44

Ap (h0 ap ) f sAs (h0 as )


0.32 f cbh02 pa

Nj

Ap (h0 ap ) fsAs(h0 as )
0.5 f cbh02 pa
N0

3.5.45

3.5.46

e0 e c

3.5.47

ej0 ej c

3.5.48

N MN
K TB05 6.1.5
fc TB05 3.1.3
pa Ap MPa
480 |

3.5.42

PSC

fs MPa
As m2

b m
X m
fp MPa
Ap m2
h0 m
e

N Ap As m

N0 MN
Nj MN
cej N0 Nj Ap As m
pa Ap TB05
6.2.2-3MPa
e0 N N0 m
ej0 Nj m

2.

1
(h0 a )
2

3.5.49

midas Civil

3.5.15 PSC -

(1). 6
FX-MAXFX-MINMY-MAXMY-MINMZ-MAX
MZ-MIN
(2). Ap
fc
pa

Ep
Ec

| 481

482 |

5.1.15
1.

PSC

(TB 10002.3-2005) 6.2.16.2.7


1

KN fp Ap fs As

3.5.50

N MN
K TB05 6.1.5
APAS m2
fPfS TB05
3.2.3MPa
2 N Ap As Ap As

KN
KN

f p Ap (h0 ap )
e

f p Ap (h0 ap )
e

fs As (h0 as )
e

fs As (h0 as )
e

3.5.51
3.5.52

3 N Ap As Ap As
x 2a 3.5.53

KN fp Ap fs As pa Ap fsAs fcbx

3.5.53

x 2a 5.1.17-45.1.17-5
KN

( f p Ap fs As )(h0 a )
e

3.5.54

| 483

2.

midas Civil

3.5.16 PSC -

(1). 6
FX-MAXFX-MIN
MY-MAXMY-MINMZ-MAXMZ-MIN
(2). 3.5.513.5.52

(3). 3.5.53
x 2a 3.5.54

484 |

5.1.16
1.

PSC

(TB 10002.3-2005) 6.3.9-16.3.11

Kf c fct

3.5.55

Kf c fct

2S0
W0

3.5.56
3.5.57

TB05
6.3.6-1MPa
Kf TB05 6.1.5
c TB05 6.3.5
MPa
fct TB05 3.1.4 MPa

W0 m3
S0 m3

2.

midas Civil

3.5.17

PSC -

| 485

(1). N Ap As
Ap As

x 0.4h0

=1
(2). PSC -

486 |

5.1.17
1.

PSC

(TB 10002.3-2005) 6.3.10

N M y

A
I

3.5.58

NM MN MNm
AI m2 m4
y m

2.

midas Civil

3.5.18

PSC -

PSC -

| 487

5.1.18
1.

(TB 10002.3-2005) 6.3.13


-

2.

midas Civil

3.5.19

PSC -

(1). PSC -p0.6fpk


(2). PSC -
(3). PSC -

488 |

5.1.19
1.

PSC

(TB 10002.3-2005) 6.3.15


-

2.

midas Civil

3.5.20

PSC -

PSC -

| 489

5.1.20
1.

(TB 10002.3-2005) 6.4.3


--

2.

midas Civil

3.5.21

PSC -

PSC -

490 |

5.1.21
1.

PSC

(TB 10002.3-2005) 6.4.4


--

2.

midas Civil

3.5.22

PSC -

PSC -

| 491

5.2

PSC

TB10002.3
2005 PSC PSC

1
2
3 PSC

3.5.23

4 PSC

3.5.24 PSC

492 |

3.5.25

PSC

5 PSC

3.5.26

PSC

3.5.27. PSC

6 PSC

3.5.28

PSC

| 493

7 PSC PSC PSC

3.5.29 PSC

3.5.30 PSC

8 PSC

3.5.31

494 |

PSC

5.3

PSC

PSC
1 PSC TB05RC

3.5.32

3.5.33

3.5.34 -/

| 495

3PSC
4 PSC
/PSC
5

3.5.35

3.5.36

496 |

PSC

7/
>>

8PSC >>
[] PSC

9PSC PSC
>RC >RC
PSC

3.5.37

| 497

3.5.38

10 PSC

3.5.39

11 PSC

12
PSC
PSC

498 |

3.5.40

PSC

13 PSC >>
+
PSC

| 499

3.5.41

3.5.42

14

15
+

3.5.43

16 PSC -
C C.0.2-3
C.0.2-1

17 PSC -

500 |

6.1
6.1.1
1.

(GB50111-2006)
7.1.2

N
c
Ac mAs

3.6.1

c MPa
N MN
Ac m2
A m2
m
[c] MPa

2.

midas Civil

3.6.1

(1). Fx-min N TB10002.3-2005


c

N
c 5.2.3-1
Ac mAs
| 501

m TB10002.3-2005
5.2.3-1
(2). [c] GB50111-2006 6.1.7-2
(3).
6
62=12

(4).

502 |

6.1.2
1.

(GB50111-2006)
7.1.2
2.

midas Civil

3.6.2

(1).
cs=nc

(2). [s] GB50111-2006 6.1.7-2


(3).

| 503

6.1.3
1.

(GB50111-2006)
7.1.2

2.

midas Civil

3.6.3

(1).
cs=nc

(2). [s] GB50111-2006 6.1.7-2

504 |

6.1.4
1.

(GB50111-2006)
7.1.5-2

2.

midas Civil

3.6.4

(1). e=M/N MN
(2). [e] GB50111-2006 7.1.5-2

| 505

6.1.5
1.

(GB501112006) 7.1.2

N
c
( Ac mAs)

3.6.2

c MPa
N MN
Ac m2
A m2
m
[c] MPa

2.

midas Civil

3.6.5

(1). c TB10002.3-2005 c A mA c 5.2.3-2


c
s

TB10002.3-2005 5.2.3-2
(2). [c] 6.1.7-2

506 |

6.1.6
1.


(GB50111-2006) 7.3.3

max
u
y

3.6.3

u
[u]
max
y

2.

midas Civil

3.6.6

(1).

(2). D/D2

max
max
u [ u ] 7.3.3
y
y

(3). [u] 4.8

| 507

6.2

1
2

3.6.7

3
4

3.6.8

508 |

3.6.9

| 509

3.6.10

7 RC

3.6.11

510 |

RC

3.6.12

9>RC > RC

3.6.13

| 511

6.3

1 TB05RC

3.6.14

2/
RC

3.6.15

3/
>>

512 |

3.6.16

4>RC >RC
RC

3.6.17

5>>
[] RC

| 513

3.6.18

6>>
+
RC

3.6.19

514 |

| 515