You are on page 1of 15

Detailed Lesson Plan in Grade 8 Silang

Earth and Space


March 10, 2014

I.

OBJECTIVES
At the end of the lesson, the students will be able to
a) describe the different weather instruments used in weather forecasting;
b) appreciate the importance of weather forecasting; and
c) present a weather report through personal observation of the current weather condition.

II.

SUBJECT MATTER
A. Topic
Weather Forecasting
Weather Instruments
B. References
Alumaga, Marie Jessica B. et.al. Science and Technology (Kto12). Vibal
Publishing House, Inc.2014.pp.,124-127
Coronel, Carmelita C. et.al. Exploring and Protecting our World. Vibal
Publishing House, Inc.2010.pp.294-295
C. Materials
Pictures/Illustrations
Sticker Papers
Marker(s)
Bond paper(s)
D. Values Integration
Appreciation of Earths natural phenomena
Mindfulness of the weather conditions

III.

METHODOLOGIES
TEACHERS ACTIVITIES

STUDENTS ACTIVITIES

A. PREPARATION
Good afternoon class!
You may all take your seats.
Please place your bags on top of the table.
I will check the attendance and please say
present once your name is called.

Good afternoon Maam Danica


(sits down)
(bags are placed on the table)
(says present as their names are called)
Were fine maam!
Yes maam, we did!

So, how are you today?


Did you enjoy your weekend?
Thats good to know!
You may remember that we have agreed on
several classroom rules.
Please remember that you should not
answer in chorus. If you want to answer a
question or ask a question, you may raise
your hand.
Avoid transferring from one seat to another.
For those at the back who cannot see clearly,
you may transfer here in front now. Please do
not drag your chairs.

Yes maam.

Please listen and pay attention to the


discussion. Do not disturb others by making

Okay, maam.

unnecessary noise.
There will be parts in our lesson that you
may make use of your Ipads. I will tell you
when theyll be needed, but for the meantime,
please keep them inside your bags.
Are we all clear on that?
Okay, please settle down now and please sit

(listens to the song)


(sings the song)

properly.
B. MOTIVATION

The Weather Song


What will the weather, weather,
weather. What will the weather be

I am going to let you listen to a song, and


afterwards let us all sing it together.

today?
Is it sunny? Sunny, Sunny. S-U-N-

N-Y today?
What will the weather, weather,

(song is played)

weather. What will the weather be


Okay, let us all sing it together.

today?
Is it cloudy? Cloudy, cloudy. C-L-

The Weather Song


What will the weather, weather,

O-U-D-Y today?
What will the weather, weather,

weather. What will the weather be

weather. What will the weather be

today?
Is it sunny? Sunny, Sunny. S-U-N-N-

today?
Is it rainy? Rainy, rainy. R-A-I-N-Y

Y today?
What will the weather, weather,

today?
What will the weather, weather,

weather. What will the weather be

weather. What will the weather be

today?
Is it cloudy? Cloudy, cloudy. C-L-O-U-

today?
Is it foggy? Foggy, foggy. F-O-G-

D-Y today?
What will the weather, weather,

G-Y today?
What will the weather, weather,

weather. What will the weather be

weather. What will the weather be

today?
Is it rainy? Rainy, rainy. R-A-I-N-Y

today?
Is it snowy? Snowy, snowy. S-N-

today?
What will the weather, weather,

O-W-Y today?

weather. What will the weather be


(sits properly)

today?
Is it foggy? Foggy, foggy. F-O-G-G-Y
today?
What will the weather, weather,

Weather forecasting maam.

weather. What will the weather be


today?
Is it snowy? Snowy, snowy. S-N-OW-Y today?
Alright! Wonderful!
Please settle down now.
C. PRESENTATION

Yes, maam.

So can anybody guess what our lesson


today is all about?

If the weather will be fair, cloudy, or

Yes, that is correct!


We

will

be

learning

about

weather

rainy.
If there will be an incoming typhoon.

forecasting and weather instruments today.

D. DISCUSSION
Class, I think everyone has seen, heard or
read an actual weather forecast, right?
Can anybody give some of the details given
in a weather forecast?
(students raise their hands)
(student reads the definition)
Yes, that is correct.

Weather forecasting is defined as the

So, arent you curious as to how these


weather forecasters know the weather? Not
only todays weather, but also the rest of the
weeks?
Let

us

discuss

about

how

weather

forecasting is done.
What is weather forecasting?
Who can read the definition?

Okay, thank you.


In addition, weather forecasts are made by
collecting quantitative data about the current
state of the atmosphere on a given place and
using scientific understanding of atmospheric
processes to project how the atmosphere will
evolve on that place.
In the past, ancient weather forecasting
methods usually relied on observed patterns
of events, also termed pattern recognition.

application of science and technology to


predict the state of the atmosphere for a
given location.

This

experience

accumulated

over

the

(students respond)

generations to produce weather lore.


An example of weather lore is when one
predicts that tomorrows weather will be fine
because one sees plenty of stars at night.
However, these are often times in accurate
and

have

been

disproven

many times

through statistical evidences and results.


Do you know other examples of weather

Meteorologists maam.

lore?
Lets watch a short video about weather
prediction.
(plays video)
What do you call the people who study the
weather,

and

the

different

weather

conditions?
(students raise their hands)
Okay, they are called Meteorologists.
Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical, &
Meteorologists make weather observations

Astronomical Services Administration

by collecting data from different weather


instruments from different weather stations.
In the Philippines we have the PAGASA.
Does anybody know what PAGASA stands
for?

Okay, that is correct.


The Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical, &
Astronomical Services Administration is a
national institution dedicated to provide flood
and

typhoon

forecasts and

warnings,
advisories,

astronomical, climatological,

public weather
meteorological,
and

other

(students raise their hands)

specialized information and services primarily

for the protection of life and property and in


support

of

economic,

productivity

and

If a low pressure area has


become a typhoon

sustainable development.

If a typhoon is expected to enter


the PAR and when

So, what information do we acquire from

What

provinces

are

on

the

predicted path of the typhoon

weather forecasts?

How strong the typhoon will be

Who can read the slide?

When the typhoon is expected to


leave the PAR

How

the

typhoon

will

affect

peoples activities and plans

(students raise their hands)


Okay, thank you.
Thermometer maam.
What are the different weather instruments
that

help

in

the

accuracy

of

weather

forecasts?
Can anybody give me one?
Okay, that is right. A thermometer is an
example of a weather instrument.
The following are the commonly used
weather instruments.
1. THERMOMETER- measures the
air

temperature.

Most

thermometers are closed glass


tubes containing liquids such as
alcohol or mercury. When air
around the tube heats the liquid,

the liquid expands and moves up


the tube.
A scale then shows what the
actual temperature is.

(students raise their hands)


A barometer measures air pressure.

Who can read what a barometer is?

Okay, thank you.


2. BAROMETER - measures air
pressure. It tells you whether or
not the pressure is rising or
falling. A rising barometer means
sunny and dry conditions, while a
falling barometer means stormy
and wet conditions.
An Italian scientist

named

Evangelista Torricelli built the first


barometer in 1643.

(students raise their hands)

Who can read what a sling psychrometer

A sling psychrometer measures relative


humidity, using the cooling effect of

is?

evaporation.

Okay, thank you.


3. SLING

PSYCHROMETER-

measures relative humidity, using


the cooling effect of evaporation.
Two thermometers are used in a
sling psychrometer. Wet the cloth
of one of the thermometers and
swing the psychrometer around a
few

times.

from

the

Water
cloth,

temperatures

evaporates
causing

the

on

that

thermometer to be lower than the

other.
4.

HYGROMETER - measures the


water vapour content of air or the
humidity.

Next, we have the rain gauge. Who can tell


me what a rain gauge does?

(students raise their hands)


A RAIN GAUGE measures the amount of
rain that has fallen over a specific time

5. RAIN GAUGE - measures the

period.

amount of rain that has fallen


over a specific time period.
How about a wind vane? How does it work?
(students raise their hands)
A wind vane is an instrument that
6. WIND VANE - instrument that
determines the direction from

determines the direction from which the


wind is blowing.

which the wind is blowing.


What is the difference between a wind vane
and an anemometer?
(students raise their hands)
An anemometer measures wind speed.
Alright, that is right.
7. ANEMOMETER

measures

wind speed. The cups catch the


wind, turning a dial attached to
the instrument. The dial shows
the wind speed.
We also have the basic instrument in
weather forecasting, it is the
8. WEATHER MAPS - indicate
atmospheric conditions above a
large

portion

of

the

Earth's

surface.
Then we have the weather balloon. Who can
read what a weather balloon does?
(students raise their hands)
9. WEATHER BALLOON measures

A WEATHER BALLOON measures

weather conditions higher up in

weather conditions higher up in the

the atmosphere.

atmosphere.

Okay, but how does it perform such task?


A radiosonde (a lightweight cardboard box
filled with scientific instruments) is attached to
the balloon. It records the condition high up in
the atmosphere.
Next we have the compass. Im sure youre
quite familiar with it.
10. A COMPASS is a navigational
instrument for finding directions.
And lastly, we have the Weather satellites.
11. WEATHER

SATELLITES

are

used to photograph and track


large-scale air movements. Then
meteorologists

compile

and

analyze the data with the help of


computers.
Lets take a look at a video which shows the
weather satellites being used by NASA to
observe the atmospheric conditions around
the world.
(plays video)
Who can give me one weather satellite used
by NASA and what does it observe?

Cloudsat studies the different aspects


Very good!

of clouds.

So now, we have come to familiarize the


different

instruments

that

help

Calipso help predict climate change.

predict

weather accurately.
But did you know that you can also predict
weather by yourself? How is it done?

(students raise their hands)


Alright, you are correct. Your sense of sight
is one of the best ways to help detect the
weather. Always keep an eye at the sky and
you'll

usually

be

on

top

of

By

using

personal

our

senses

observations

and

making

regarding

the

current weather condition, maam.

weather

conditions.
E. ENRICHMENT
STICKY NOTES
In front are pictures of the different weather
instruments. Beside each picture is a blank
space/box. You need to find the matching
descriptions for each instrument which are
scattered and hidden around the room. Once
you find one, peel off the sticker and stick it
on the appropriate picture it describes or

(students look for the definitions and stick


them on the pictures in front)

defines.
Good job! Thank you.
F. GENERALIZATION
Who can explain what a weather forecast
means?

How is a weather forecast done

(students raise their hands)

Weather forecasting is defined as the


application of science and technology to
predict the state of the atmosphere for a
What do you call the people who studies

given location

weather conditions?

Making

What are the different instruments used in

using scientific

predicting weather? Give at least three and

atmospheric processes to project how the

state their uses.

atmosphere will evolve on that place.

use

of

data

gathered

understanding

A meteorologist.
A thermometer is used to measure air
Okay,

so

weather

forecasts

are

very

temperature.

important and very helpful to us. It informs us

A barometer is used to measure air

on what kind of weather to expect so that we

pressure.

can make future preparations and changes in

A rain gauge is used to measure the

our plans accordingly. It also warns us

amount of rain.

whenever a strong typhoon may hit our place,


enabling us to do necessary measures and
preparations before such disaster happens.
Accurate weather forecasting can save a lot
of lives and properties.
G. APPLICATION
1 VERSUS 100
Are you familiar with the game 1 versus
100?
The aim of the game is for one contestant to
answer questions against (class size) others
and eventually try to eliminate them all.
I have here rolls of papers with your names,
and I will pick out the single player who will
compete against the entire class.
Here are the instructions, so listen carefully.
The player is asked a multiple choice
question.
The rest of the class will be given six seconds
to answer by selecting the letter A,B, or C

(students respond)

and
of

and writing it down on their Ipads (or on a


piece of bond paper). They will then raise
their answers (the 1 will not be able to see
because he/she will have his/her back
towards

the

class).

The "1" can then give their answer in his/her


own time. If the 1 is correct, he/she stay in
the game. If he is wrong, he leaves with
nothing. If any of the class members get a
question wrong they are eliminated, and for
each elimination the 1 receives a token
(which will be exchanged to prices after the
game). However, to get his/her hands on the
money

he/she

must

eliminate

all

the

opponents (or until the last round is done).


In order for the player to get the (reward) he/
she must answer all the questions correctly
and

get

rid

of

the

opponents.

The class, has a goal to stay in the game. IF


they successfully knock out the 1, then they
split the reward.
Okay, so I will now pick out a name.
(picks out a name)
Okay, good luck!
Questions:
1. It measures the air temperature.
a. compass
b. barometer

(player goes in front)


(game starts)

c. thermometer
2. It measures the air pressure.
a. barometer
b. wind vane

1. It measures the air temperature.

c. rain gauge

a. compass

3. It measures the amount of rain that has

b. barometer

fallen over a specific period of time.

c. thermometer

a. anemometer

2. It measures the air pressure.

b. rain gauge

a. barometer

c. weather map

b. wind vane

4. It is an instrument that determines the

c. rain gauge

direction from which the wind is blowing.

3. It measures the amount of rain that has

a. anemometer

fallen over a specific period of time.

b. compass

a. anemometer

c. wind vane

b. rain gauge

5. It is used to photograph and track large-

c. weather map

scale air movements.

4. It is an instrument that determines the

a. weather satellite

direction from which the wind is blowing.

b. weather map

a. anemometer

c. weather balloon

b. compass

6. It is a navigational instrument for finding

c. wind vane

directions

5. It is used to photograph and track

a. wind vane

large-scale air movements.

b. compass

a. weather satellite

c. thermometer

b. weather map

7. It measures the wind speed.

c. weather balloon

a. anemometer

6. It is a navigational instrument for finding

b. hygrometer

directions

c. barometer

a. wind vane

8. It is a lightweight cardboard box filled with

b. compass

scientific instruments and is attached to the

c. thermometer

balloon.

7. It measures the wind speed.

a. weather balloon

a. anemometer

b. radiosonde

b. hygrometer

c. anemometer

c. barometer

9. It is the basic tool for weather forecasting.

8. It is a lightweight cardboard box filled

a. weather map

with scientific instruments and is attached

b. weather satellite

to the balloon.

c. weather balloon

a. weather balloon

10. It measures the relative humidity using

b. radiosonde

the cooling effect of evaporation.

c. anemometer

a. hygrometer

9. It is the basic tool for weather forecasting.

b. sling pyschrometer

a. weather map

c. barometer

b. weather satellite

11. Who invented the first barometer in 1643?

c. weather balloon

a. Edgar Torrecelli

10. It measures the relative humidity using

b. Evangelista Torrecelli

the cooling effect of evaporation.

c. Galileo Galilee

a. hygrometer
b. sling pyschrometer

Okay! Well done! Congartulations to the

c. barometer

winner(s)!

11. Who invented the first barometer in


1643?
a. Edgar Torrecelli
b. Evangelista Torrecelli
c. Galileo Galilee

IV.

EVALUATION
I.

Choose the correct answer from the box. (10 points)

WEATHER FORECASTING

BAROMETER

THERMOMETER

METEOROLOGIST

ANEMOMETER

RADIOSONDE

WIND VANE

COMPASS

GEOLOGIST
SLING PSYCHROMETER

RAIN GAUGE

WEATHER SATELLITES

WEATHER BALLOON

SPHYGMOMANOMETER

TEACHERS ACTIVITIES

HYGROMETER

STUDENTS ACTIVITIES

1. It measures the air temperature.

1. It measures the air temperature.

2. It measures the air pressure.

THERMOMETER

3. It measures the amount of rain that has fallen

2. It measures the air pressure.

over a specific period of time.

BAROMETER

4. It is an instrument that determines the direction

3. It measures the amount of rain that has fallen

from which the wind is blowing.

over a specific period of time.

5. It is used to photograph and track large-scale

RAIN GAUGE

air movements.

4. It is an instrument that determines the direction

6. It is a navigational instrument for finding

from which the wind is blowing.

directions

WIND VANE

7. It measures the wind speed.

5. It is used to photograph and track large-scale

8. It is a lightweight cardboard box filled with

air movements.

scientific instruments and is attached to the

WEATHER SATELLITES

balloon.

6. It is a navigational instrument for finding

9. It the application of science and technology to

directions.

predict the state of the atmosphere for a given

COMPASS

location.

7. It measures the wind speed.

10. It measures the amount of water vapour

ANEMOMETER

content of air or the humidity.

8. It is a lightweight cardboard box filled with


scientific instruments and is attached to the
balloon. RADIOSONDE
9. It the application of science and technology to
predict the state of the atmosphere for a given
location. WEATHER FORECASTING
10. It measures the amount of water vapour
content of air or the humidity.
HYGROMETER

II.

Essay (5 points)

Formulate your own weather report about


todays weather condition by using your
personal observation skills.

V.

(answers the question)

ASSIGNMENT
Read about the NON-PLANET members of the solar system and define the following:
a) Comet
b) Meteoroids
c) Asteroids