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10ImportantGeneratorDesignandOperationalFeaturesShipEngineersMustKnow

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10ImportantGeneratorDesignandOperationalFeaturesSh
EngineersMustKnow
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FEBRUARY25,2015BYANISH

Everytimeashipengineergoesonboard,he/shehastolearn,understandandmastertheoperation
andmaintenanceproceduresoftheassignedmachinery.

Anengineerwillcomeacrossavarietyofgeneratortypeswithdifferentconstructionalandoperationa

featuresduringthecourseofhisorhercareeronboard.Itisthereforeimportantthattheengineerkno
thebasicsofageneratormachinerysysteminsideout.

Belowisalistofsomenotsocommonlyknownconstructionalfeaturesofmarinegeneratorsandsom
overlookedbutimportantgeneratorproceduresthatareoftennotdiscussedortaughtintraining
sessionsormarineengineeringbooks.

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10ImportantGeneratorDesignandOperationalFeaturesShipEngineersMustKnow

1.Airstartmotor:Modernmarinegeneratorsareprovidedwithairstartmotorwhichsuppliesstartin
airtothecombustionchamber.ThismotorwilldisengageoncethegeneratorRPMreaches

approximately7090RPMdependinguponthemanufacturingfeatures.Incaseofemergencyorblac
out,asmallswitchorknobisprovidedontopofthemotortostartthegeneratorfromlocal.

2.Oilfiltercleaningfeature:Marinegeneratorisfittedwithaduplexoilcleaningfiltersinthelubeoi

line.Insomegenerators,thesefilterscomewithaquickcleaningfeaturethatcanbeappliedincaseo

emergencyandwhenthelubeoilpressureislow.Thechangeoverhandleofthefilterisdrivenintoa
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10ImportantGeneratorDesignandOperationalFeaturesShipEngineersMustKnow

fromotionmultipletimes,whichcausescleaningeffectonthefilterandasuddenriseinthelubeoil
pressure.

3.Telescopicpipe:Telescopicpipearrangementiscommonforsupplyinglubeoiltothepistonintw

strokemainengine.Somegenerators(e.g.Daihatsuetc.)areprovidedwithtelescopicpipeconnecte

thepistonforlubricationpurpose.Whileoverhaulingthegeneratordonotforgettoremovethetelesco
pipepriortoopeningthepiston.

ImageCredits:Footolia

4.Fuelpumpblockandfloatingshaft:ThisisoneuniqueconstructionfeatureofgeneratorslikeSK

wherethefuelpumpsarefittedinaseparateblock(fuelpumpblock)andconnectedtothegenerator
meansofafloatingshaftforoperatingthepumps.
5.Isolationrubber:Somegeneratorswithhighpoweroutputhaveanarrangementoffrictionpad

couplingtoconnecttheprimemovershafttotheflywheel.Nofittedboltsareusedforthis,insteadthe
rubberpadfrictionholdstheflywheelandprimemovershafttogether.

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10ImportantGeneratorDesignandOperationalFeaturesShipEngineersMustKnow

6.Longtermshutdown:Whenthegeneratorneededtobeshutdownforalongtime(3ormore

months)itiswisetouseanantirustsprayonthelinersurfaceandothermovingpartsofthegenerato

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10ImportantGeneratorDesignandOperationalFeaturesShipEngineersMustKnow

7.Indicatorcock:Whiletakinguptheperformanceofthegenerator,theindicatorcockisopened.It

importanttoopenalltheindicatorcocksinfullopenposition.Iftheindicatorcockishalforsemiopen
thehighvelocityhotcombustionmixturecomingoutofitwilldamagethevalveandseatofthecock.

TheUltimateGuideToOperatingProceduresForEngineRoom
Machinery

Learncorrectproceduresforstartingandstoppingengineroommachineryand
systemswithoutmakinganyerror.Getthecompletestepbystepchecklists.

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8.ColdStart:Incoldcondition,ifthegeneratorrefusestostartinmultipleattempts,opentheindicato

cockandturntheenginewithturninggearwithlubeoilpumprunning.Thiswillremovetheaccumulat
fuelfromthecylinderandavoidanyexplosionfromblowback,whichmaydamagethecombustion
chamberpartsorevenleadtoaccident.

9.Airmanifolddraincock:Inconditionswherethechancesofmoistureaccumulationarehigh,the

manifolddraincockshouldbeopenedupto1/4thturnatalltimesevenwhenthegeneratorisrunning

Thiswillensureallthewatercollectedduetomoistureisdrainedanddamagetotheenginecylinders
prevented.

AStepbystepGuideToOverhaulingGeneratorsOnShips
Understandstepbystepprocedureforoverhauling(Dcarb)shipsgenerators.
Neverbeafraidofthistediousandcomplicatedtaskagain.

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GetMoreInformation

10.InjectionValve:Efficiencyofthegeneratordependsmainlyontheconditionoftheinjectors,whic
needstobepressuretestedandoverhauledregularly.Whilereplacingthenozzleoftheinjector,itis
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10ImportantGeneratorDesignandOperationalFeaturesShipEngineersMustKnow

veryimportanttoloosenthepressuresettingscrew(locatedeitheronthetoporonthesideofthe
injectorbody)beforeopeningthenozzleholdingcasenut,elseitwilldamagethematingsurfaceof
needle,spacerandthestraightpin.

Itistonotethattheabovelistedfeaturesarenotpresentineverymarinegeneratormodel.Doreadth
generatormanualbeforeperforminganykindofmaintenanceorwhileoperatingthegenerator.
RelatedReading:
10MajorTestsForMajorOverhaulingOfShipsGenerator
10SituationsWhenShipsGeneratorMustBeStoppedImmediately
10SignsThatIndicatesShipsAuxiliaryEngineNeedsOverhauling
Overtoyou..
Doyouknowanyotherimportantpointthatcanbeaddedtothislist?
Letsknowinthecommentsbelow.
ReportanError

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AboutAnish
Anardentsailorandatechie,AnishWankhedehasvoyagedonanumberofshipsasamarine
engineerofficer.Helovesmultitasking,networking,andtroubleshooting.Heistheonebehindthe
uniquecreativityandaestheticsatMarineInsight.

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COMMENTS

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10ImportantGeneratorDesignandOperationalFeaturesShipEngineersMustKnow

EmmanuelAnnanCudjoesays
February25,2015at6:47pm
Thisissotrue

Humphreysays
April8,2015at10:10pm
Imustthankwhosoeverhascreatedthismediumtoencourageyoungengineersandcareer
personslikeme.youarereallydoingagreatjobpleasekeepitup.letalsousethismediumto
askforanassistantfrommyseniorinthemarineindustry,Iamayoungmarineengineer
searchingplacementonboard,iwillverygratefulifyouassistmewithmoreinformationwhich
willbeveryhelptomeasamarineengineer.

bobsays
April14,2015at7:15pm
excellentsight

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praneethsays
June1,2015at10:20am
Theabovearticlewasveryhelpfulthankyousirifcanyouwriteaarticleonthemanagementof
sparesonboarditwouldbeveryhelpfulforjuniorengineersthankyou

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