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Introduction

Introduction

Teleport-Video SD image is based on Asterisk and FreePBX running on the Raspberry Pi.
For any information related to Raspberry Pi, check the original website at raspberrypi.org.
Raspberry Pi is a trademark of the Raspberry Pi Foundation.

1.1

Connections and wiring Diagram

1.2

Determine hostname / IP address


Once your PBX is booted, you need to know its hostname or IP address for ssh login or to open the web
GUI.
Be sure that network cable is plugged-in and router is set as a DHCP server in order to release an IP to
your device.
Plug your device to power and allow in about 90 seconds to boot and start.
If you will plug HDMI or Video cable to the TV, you will see standard Debian Linux screen,

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Teleport FreePBX on Raspberry PI

and in the end of starting, the screen will popup the IP address of the device.
If is not connected to the TV, check the status page on the router and find the address in the list.
On Windows computers, you can just use the hostname teleportfreepbx to access your PBX.
SSH login:
ssh root@ teleportfreepbx
Web GUI:
http://teleportfreepbx
On Macintosh, use teleportfreepbx.local instead:
ssh root@teleportfreepbx.local
Web GUI:
http://teleportfreepbx.local
In case this is not successful you can check your routers DHCP client list, and search for the IP
associated with the name teleportfreepbx.
If this is still not working out, you can always just connect an HDMI monitor and USB keyboard, log in to
the console with user root, password teleportvideo, and run the command:
ifconfig

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Teleport FreePBX on Raspberry PI

Next steps after booting


Point your browser to the PBXs hostname or IP address or host http://teleportfreepbx
The default login to PBX is:
user: adm in
password: adm in

Most of the configuration steps presented here apply to the PBX as well.
For all configuration changes just use the red apply config button in the GUI.

2.1

Overview
What is the performance of Asterisk running on the Raspberry Pi?
In a typical setup with RasPBX, 5 video concurrent calls are possible. This is also the case for
conferences, meaning 5 participants can join a conference. More than 5 calls do work, but audio and
video quality decreases considerably with every additional call.
How to configure a static IP address?
Network configuration is done the standard Debian way. Edit the file /etc/network/interfaces:
nano /etc/network/interfaces
In this file, remove the line
iface eth0 inet dhcp
and insert instead:
iface eth0 inet static
address 192.168.0.50
netmask 255.255.255.0
gateway 192.168.0.1
dns-nameservers 192.168.0.1

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Next steps after booting

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Replace the values above with your addresses. Then run:


service networking restart

2.2

Create accounts
In order to register your devices in house, you have to create
extensions accounts for them and include phone type devices in the ring group.
Remember, Teleportvideo device using one extension and is excluded from the ring group.
On the alarm events, motion or push button trigger, Teleportvide is calling to the ring group.
In advanced mode you can use more features, such as follow me and calling to external world.
PBX is not providing video recording, and the size on SD card is very limited, but enough to keep CDR
and VM.

2.2.1

Create Extensions

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Teleport FreePBX on Raspberry PI

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Next steps after booting

Use these extensions to register your phones and adapters in your house.

2.2.2

Create Ring group

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Teleport FreePBX on Raspberry PI

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Next steps after booting

Define this number in the Teleportvideo device as a number to call on tyriggered events.

2.3

FreePBX basic features


FreePBX is a full-featured PBX web application.

Add or change extension and voicemail accounts in seconds


Native support of SIP, IAX, and ZAP clients (other endpoints are supported through custom
extensions)
Supports all Asterisk supported trunk technologies
Reduce long distance costs with LCR
Route incoming calls based on time-of-day
Create interactive Digital Receptionist (IVR) menus
Design sophisticated call groups

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Teleport FreePBX on Raspberry PI

Manage callers with Queues


Upload custom on-hold music (MOH)
Search company directory, based on first or last name
Detect and receive incoming faxes
Share administrative duties
Backup and Restore your system
Save audio recordings of calls
View call detail reporting with asterisk-stat
View extension and trunk status with Flash Operator Panel
View conversation recordings with Asterisk Recording Interface (ARI)

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Teleport FreePBX on Raspberry PI

Basic configuration
After your PBX has booted successfully, log in either on the console or by ssh
with user root and password teleportvideo. Follow these steps to complete the initial configuration:
Choose your timezone:
configure-timezone
Configure locale settings:
dpkg-reconfigure locales
Configure keyboard settings (not needed when working with ssh only):
dpkg-reconfigure keyboard-configuration

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Teleport FreePBX on Raspberry PI

Email setup
Email delivery from your PBX is needed if you plan to have voicemails sent to users by email. Email
already works in the default configuration using Exim4 as MTA. By default, Exim is configured to directly
send mails to the recipient MX hosts. This is however discouraged, as many email providers classify
emails coming from dynamic IP addresses as spam. To avoid this, you need to set a smarthost. Unless
you have an open SMTP server on your network that can be used as smarthost without authentication,
you will need to specify SMTP authentication credentials as well. It is basically possible to use almost any
publicly available freemailer as smarthost with the PBX. Have username and password as well as SMTP
hostname (sometimes also referred to as outgoing mail server) of the email account you are going to
use ready. Run on the console:
dpkg-reconfigure exim4-config
On the first configuration page select mail sent by smarthost; received via SMTP or fetchmail. On the
following pages just keep the default values by pressing enter, until you reach the page starting with
Please enter the IP address or the host name of a mail server. Here, enter the SMTP hostname of
your email provider. Again, keep default values on the remaining pages.
Then, edit the file passwd.client by running:
nano /etc/exim4/passwd.client
Add your credentials at the bottom of this file in the following format:
SMTP_HOSTNAME:USERNAME:PASSWORD
In most cases, the SMTP hostname used in this file is identical to the hostname used as smarthost
before. If email fails to work, specify the reverse lookup of your email providers SMTP host IP address
here. For Google Mail, this is currently gm ail-sm tp-m sa.l.google.com
Some email providers also require you to use sender addresses identical to one of the public email
adresses of your account. In this case, edit:
nano /etc/email-addresses
On the bottom of this file add:
root: your_email@someisp.com
asterisk: your_email@someisp.com
This configures the sender address of all outgoing mail to your_em ail@ som eisp.com .
Finally, to activate your configuration run:
update-exim4.conf
You can test your email setup with this command:
send_test_email your_email@someisp.com
A test email should reach your inbox shortly.

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Teleport FreePBX on Raspberry PI

Running without Internet connection


If Internet connection is not continuously present or not present at all, 2 issues can appear that prevent
calling between extensions:
A. On system boot, current time is obtained through NTP. Asterisk only starts after time has been set
correctly, to avoid problems that have been seen in connection with a large time jump on the system. If
Asterisk is started with wrong time first and time is properly set later, audio on calls can be seriously
distorted. Thus, the boot scripts only start Asterisk after time has been set, and in setups without
Internet connection Asterisk will not start by default. To overcome this, install fake-hwclock:
apt-get install fake-hwclock
It saves the time on shutdown and loads it again on reboot.
B. Asterisk gets into trouble when DNS lookups fail, leaving an unstable system. This can be fixed by
installing dnsmasq:
apt-get install dnsmasq
configure:
cd /etc
mv resolv.conf resolv.conf.dnsmasq
edit /etc/dnsmasq.conf, change this section
# Change this line if you want dns to get its upstream servers from
# somewhere other that /etc/resolv.conf
resolv-file=/etc/resolv.conf.dnsmasq
Then create /etc/resolv.conf with contents:
nameserver 127.0.0.1
Then reload:
/etc/init.d/dnsmasq restart

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