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Datasheetupdated2013112708:48:37(supersedesallpreviouseditions)

Sandvik 9RU10
(Strip steel)
Sandvik9RU10isaprecipitationhardening,austeniticstainlesssteelofthe17Cr7Ni
PHtype,withahightemperingeffectandgoodstructuralstability.Thegradeis
characterizedby:

High tempering effect, up to 400 MPa


Low relaxation at high stresses and elevated temperatures
Higher fatigue strength
Very small distortion during tempering
High service temperatures

Servicetemperature:upto350C(660F)
Sandvik9RU10issuitableforcomplex,formedspringswithhighdemandsonspring
forceandservicelife.Itisalsosuitableforuseatelevatedtemperatures.
STANDARDS

ASTM 631
UNS S17700
EN number 1.4568
EN name X 7 CrNiAl 17-7
SS 2388

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION (NOMINAL) %


C

Si

Mn

Cr

Ni

Mo

Others

0.08

0.5

0.9

0.030

0.015

16.5

7.5

Al=1.0

FORMS OF SUPPLY

Sandvik9RU10issupplied,asstandard,inthecoldrolledcondition.Stripsteelcanbe
suppliedincoils,bundles,onplasticspoolsorinlengths.Theedgescanbeeitherslit,
deburredorsmoothlyrounded.
Dimensions

Thefollowingrangeofthicknessesandwidthscanbesuppliedasstandard.Please
contactSandvikifotherdimensionsarerequired.
Thickness,mm

Width,mm

Thickness,in.

Width,in.

0.0153.00*

2360

.0006.118

.07914.2

*Dependingonrequestedtensilestrength.
Tolerances

Thethicknessandwidthtolerancesare+/tolerancestothenominalsize.Thenormal
toleranceclassesformostofourstripproductsareT2andB1.Tightertolerancesaswell
asothertolerancelimitscanbeoffereduponrequest.
Stock standard

Thefollowingcombinationsoftensilestrengthandthicknessareavailablefromstock.
Othercombinationscanbesuppliedonrequest.
Condition

T e n s i l e s t r e n g t h , Rm

Thickness

MPa

ksi

m m

Coldrolled

1300

189

0.20/0.50/1.5/2.0

Coldrolled

1500

218

0.75/0.80

Coldrolled

1700

247

0.

MECHANICAL PROPERTIES
Static strength

Nominalvaluesat20C(68F)

1)

Condition

Tensilestrength

Proofstrength

Rm

Rp 0 , 2

Elongation

a)

A 11,3

MPa

ksi

MPa

ksi

1300

190

1150

165

12

CT

1550

225

1400

203

1500

220

1400

203

CT

1800

273

1650

240

1700

245

1650

240

CT

2050

295

1950

285

1)C=Coldrolled,CT=Coldrolledandtempered,480C(896F)/1h.Seefurtherunder
section'Heattreatment'.
a)Rp0.2correspondsto0.2%offsetyieldstrength.
1MPa=1N/mm2
Fatigue strength

Nominalvaluesat20C(68F)inanormaldryatmoshere.Thefatiguelimitisdefined
asthestressatwhich50%ofthespecimenswithstandaminimumof2millionload
cycles.
Reversed bending stress

Averagestress=0
Bendingtransversaltorollingdirection.

Comparisionmadefordifferentticknessesandtensilestrengthlevels.
Tensilestrength

Fatiguelimit

Fatiguelimit

Rm

MPa

ksi

Thickness,mm

Thickness,in.

MPa

0.50

0.75

ksi

0.020

0.030

1300

405

189

58.8

1500

555

218

80.5

1700

610

525

247

88.5

76.2

1900

620

276

90.0

Fluctuating tensile stress

Minimumstress=0
Specimensparalleltorollingdirection.

Comparisionmadefordifferentticknessesandtensilestrengthlevels.

Tensilestrength

Fatiguelimit

Fatiguelimit

Rm

MPa

ksi

Thickness,mm

Thickness,in.

MPa

0.50

0.75

ksi

0.020

0.030

1300

340340

189

49.349.3

1500

390390

360360

218

56.656.6

52.252.2

1700

425425

410410

247

61.761.7

59.559.5

1900

445445

435435

276

64.664.6

63.163.1

PHYSICAL PROPERTIES

Thephysicalpropertiesofasteelrelatetoanumberoffactors,includingalloying
elements,heattreatmentandmanufacturingroute,butthefollowingdatacangenerally
beusedforroughcalculations.Thesevaluesrefertocoldrolledmaterial,ata
o
o
temperatureof20 C(68 F)unlessotherwisestated.
3

D e n s i t y7.9g/cm (0.29lb/in )
Resistivity0.9m(35.5in.)
Modulus of elasticity

asdelivered:approx180000MPa(26100ksi)
tempered:approx190000MPa(27550ksi)
Shear modulus

asdelivered:approx70000MPa(10150ksi)
Specificheatcapacity500J/kgC(inthetemperaturerange50100C)
THERMAL EXPANSION

1)

Temperature,C

perC

Temperature,F

perF

from20100

13

from68200

from20200

13.5

from68400

7.5

from20300

14

from68550

1)meanvaluesintemperatureranges(x10 6)
THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY
Temperature,C

W/mC

Temperature,F

Btu/fthF

20

15

68

8.5

100

15

210

8.5

300

19

570

11

CORROSION RESISTANCE

Itisveryimportanttoavoidcorrosioninspringapplicationssoasnottoimpairspring
properties.Sandvik9RU10isanausteniticstainlesssteelandhassufficientcorrosion
resistanceinmostspringapplications.Thecorrosionresistanceisalmostthesameas
ASTM304and,comparedtootherlowalloyedspringsteels,Sandvik9RU10has
superiorperformance.However,allausteniticsteelsofthistypearesusceptibletostress
corrosioncracking(SCC)whenincontactwithchloridesolutionsatelevated
temperatures.
HEAT TREATMENT

Sandvik9RU10isaprecipitationhardenablesteeland,comparedtostandardaustenitic
stainlessspringsteelse.g.typeAISI301,hasamorepronouncedtempering(ageing)
effect.Consequently,itcanbesuppliedwithacomparativelylowtensilestrengthin
ordertoprovidegoodformingproperties,butstillreachahightensilestrengthafter
forming,byasimpleheattreatment.Temperingalsoimprovesfatigueandrelaxation
resistanceand,furthermore,itwilldecreasetheinternalstressespresentinthespring
afterforming.
Formaximumincreaseinmechanicalstrength,temperingofSandvik9RU10shouldbe
carriedoutat480C(900F)for1hour.Itwillgiveasignificantincreaseinstrengthfor

initialtensilestrengthsaboveapproximately1300MPa(189ksi).Thisincreasecanbe
between150400MPa(2258ksi)andishigherthegreateristheinitialtensilestrength.
Becauseofitshighstructuralstabilityintheprecipitationhardenedcondition,thegood
springpropertiesarealsoretainedatelevatedtemperatures,uptoabout350C(662F).
Toavoiddiscolouration,partsshouldbecarefullycleanedbeforeheattreatment.
Temperinginopenairfurnacesgivesaharmlessbrownishoxideonthesurface.
WELDING

Sandvik9RU10,likemostausteniticstainlesssteels,hasgoodweldability.Welding,
however,introducesexcessheatintothematerialclosesttotheweldthatbreaksdown
thestructureformedbycoldworking.Asaconsequence,thiswilldecreasethe
mechanicalpropertiesoftheweldedarea.Thelowestpracticalheatinput,<1,0kJ/mm,
o
andinterpasstemperatureformultipasswelding,<100C(210 F),isrecommended.
Inmostcases,theTIG(GTAW)methodispreferable.Itcanbeusedeitherautogenously
(withoutfillermetal)orwithfillermetal.Inbothcases,pureargon(99,99%)shouldbe
usedasashieldinggas.
Whenfillermetalisused,Sandvik19.9.LorSandvik19.9.LSiisrecommended.Note
thattheweldmetalwillnotbeabletoprecipitationhardeninthiscase.
DuetothehighcarboncontentofSandvik9RU10,thereisalsoariskofcarbide
precipitationatthegrainboundariesofthematerialintheheataffectedzone(HAZ),
whichmaydecreasethecorrosionresistanceofthematerialincertainenvironments.
BENDING

ThevaluesgivenbelowhavebeenobtainedbybendingaccordingtoSwedishstandard
SS112626method3(ina90Vblockwitha25mmdieopening,asampleof35mm
width,turnedsothattheburrsoftheblankededgesfaceintothebend).Theycanbe
usedasguidanceforthesmallestrecommendedbendingradius.
*)

Nominaltensilestrength

Thickness

Min.bendingradiusasfunctionofthickness

Rm

MPa

mm

//

1300

0.25

1t

4t

1300

0.50

1t

6t

1300

0.75

1t

7t

1300

1.0

1t

7t

1500

0.25

1.5t

7t

1500

0.50

1.5t

7.5t

1500

0.75

1.5t

8t

1700

0.25

3t

10t

1700

0.50

4t

11t

)Bendtransversetotherollingdirection
//Bendparalleltotherollingdirection

APPLICATIONS

Sandvik9RU10isamostsuitablegradeforspringsorotherhighstrengthcomponents.
Ithasgoodspringpropertiesincludingcorrosionresistance,mechanicalstrengthand
fatigueresistance,makingitanexcellentmaterialinmostsituations.Thegreatestbenefit
canbefoundinapplicationswherelowrelaxationpropertiesarerequiredevenat
elevatedtemperatures.Duetothehighageingeffectofthisprecipitationhardenable
grade,highstrengthcanalsobereachedforcomplicatedshapesorheavygauge
components.
DISCLAIMER:
Recommendationsareforguidanceonly,andthesuitabilityofamaterialforaspecificapplicationcanbeconfirmedonlywhen
weknowtheactualserviceconditions.Continuousdevelopmentmaynecessitatechangesintechnicaldatawithoutnotice.This
datasheetisonlyvalidforSandvikmaterials.

www.smt.sandvik.com/contact-us

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